Gambling E-Vil In
Great Moral Lesson Taught by
Set For the Unwary Who Play
For Stakes Jerome Said
"Square Gambling" Was a
Myth—Many Raids by Police,
but Cases Where Those Who
Paid "Hush Money" Were Let
gambling expose which fol
(he murder of llei'inim
Rosenthal mill whirl) lias kept
tin* police department of Now
Von clt.v In tin.' pulillc limelight since
tin* tragedy Ims been productive of
good refills. Developments In till'
searching Investigation Into condi
tions revealed through the confessions
of members of New York's gambling
gangs, Iiesliles arousing tlie govern
liielits of other municipalities to
Ken He of the advisability of looking
more closely to the prospective endur
ance of their own olllcial reputations,
have spread before the susceptible
youth of the country a sermon which
nil have read ami which many have
heeded, for the Rosenthal case af
fords it grim plot tire of the fruits of
yielding to the gumhlliig temptations
of big city.
While In recent years public antag
onism to gambling as practiced and
countenanced openly, us was the case
at Cantleld's famous Saratoga place,
bns hutl a salutary effect upon this
•vll anil stories of gigantic "killings"
have been denied by that element be
longing to the class ever ready to take
a "gambling chance" at anything,
fumbling continued just the same.
Everybody knew that there was gam
bling on a smaller scale everywhere
uuder cover. Of course there was
gambling In New York. No mntter
how well the police might perform
their duty. It was still going on, as
everybody admitted. But when Itosen
thal was shot down lu cold blood
that night In front of a WeRt Forty
third street hotel by a band of chosen
assasslus In an automobile and when
It was alleged that they had been al
lowed to escape at their leisure be
cause certain Influences in the police
department did not desire their arrest
even blase New York was shocked.
It was declared that Rosenthal had
forfeited his life because he was about
to give to District Attorney Charles S.
Whitman Information showing that
the police tolerated gambling deivs for
a share In the proceeds.
The widow of Rosenthal, who him
self was a gambler, pointed an accus
ing linger at the police and declared
that even though "they had killed her
husband" they had fulled to prevent
the transmission of the damaging evi
dence to official channels. Rosenthal
had made the statement that Charles
Becker, a police lieutenant and head of
the "strong anu" squad, was his gam
bling partner and hounded him when
be refused to be "shaken down" for
large sums of money. Then caine the
arrest of Becker on the charge of homi
cide In counectlou with the killing of
Mayor William J. Gn.vnor declined to
take any precipitate step and Instruct
Police Commissioner lthinelander
Waldo not to dismiss Keeker unless lie
was proved utility. While Becker lan
guished In a cell the district attor
ney's force was at work looking up the
financial condition of tlu* accused $i»..
230 a yesir police lieutenant, and he
wan found to have de|»oslted consider
able amounts in various banks, in
gplte at these discoveries and the ron
fessiphs of the smaller fry In the gaiu
blltig net. Becker maintained his Inno
cence, But at that time, regardless of
pecker's giilltor Innocence In the death
of Rosenthal, the/slain "squealer." the
fact had lieeu made upiwrent that glim
tsUug flourished )U Sew. Yprkto" ex-
uynoi', Dougherty ami parade pictures photo hy American Press Association.
tent beyond the wildest conjectures, as
shown by the enormous tribute ex
torted from proprietors of the game
1.—Commissioner Rhin»land»r Waldo. 2.—Mayor Gaynor. 3.—District At
torney Charles S. Whitman. 4.—Deputy Commissioner George S. Dougherty.
5.—New York police on parade. 6.—Herman Rosenthal. 7.—Lieutenant
When "protection" money was not
forthcoming there would come the In
evltalile raid. Policemen armed with
axes would descend upon the unlucky
proprietor and smash the doors of his
place, arrest all whom they found there
and cart away the telltale parapherna
lia. New York has had many such
"Dishonesty and the success of dis
honesty In American politics have been
the main contributing causes to the
growth of gangs in crime," said Dis
trict Attorney Whitman recently. "If
a policeman sees a superior retire with
riches gained by crooked methods
where Is there an incentive for him to
refuse graft when offered in a small
"All Gamblers Dishonest."
When William Travel's Jerome was
district attorney he said he hud col
lected evidence to prove that every
gambling house, even the most exclu
sive. was stocked with appllauces to
cheat patrons. One of the wisest gam
blers in New York once said:
"Some time, somewhere, an honest
gambler may have lived—a gambler
who played with fair tools aud was
content with his percentage. Maybe
there Is an honest gambler alive today,
because there is an exception to every
rule. 1 never met an honest gambler.
1 never saw a gambler lu my life who
wasn't always looking for Gatesey's
"In the tlrst place no man can be a
gambler who Is not instinctively a
thief. Trace back the career of any
gambler alive and tltid where he start
ed from. You will tint! that In his
youth he had the alternative of being
honest or being crooked, and you will
it ml that when he started on his way
he never changed."
"Is there any honest gambling?"
asked the perplexed reporter.
"There Is." replied the cam bier.
"Professionals, when playing with
each other, play honestly If they rank
evenly in skill. But If you take ten
gamblers and let them play together
ten nights In succession at the end of
that time at least two of them will
have figured out scheme to steal
from, the other eight.
"In a big. brilliantly lighted room It
is difficult to cheat If the play Is heavy
—comparatively easy to cheat If the
play Is light. Iti private games cheat
ing is easier than hottest playing.
"In a long career as a gamhler I
have seen thousands and thousands of
men play on, the outside. 1 think I
am safe In saying that at least :ci per
cent of these men were befogged by
The maintenance of the more preten
tious gambling houses costs a good
deal. Incidentally there are tricks in
all trades and very clever tricks
gambling, For Instance, klondike Is a
iwipular form of gambling. The same
to- played with five dice. The Pluver
bcls that he can beat a pair of aces In
one throw or that he an beat the deal
cr's throw. He can also bet that his
street, which Hrlggs lVrrv frequented
and where Al Smith and Pat Slieedv
held their great session with 1'ile.v
Grannan. Uiley dealing tlie hank at
faro and Smith and Slieedy trimming
him for S40.0(:0: John Italy's old time
place, at 8 Barclay street and SIS
Itroadway. the latter having been one
of the greatest gambling houses in
America. John Morrissey founded it.
and a syndicate ran the place for many
years. It was closed in the nineties.
A typical gambling house was guard
ed on tbe outside by a "lookout." who.
while apparently strolling casuallv
along the street, kept si sharp watch
for raiders and carefully scrutinized
all who approached the entrance. If
anything appeared to be wrong he
might pros an electric button con
cealed under some adjacent stoop, give
a loud and peculiar whistle, knock in
a prearranged way on the door, ring
the bell hard or. as in one particu
lar iustance. push the lid of the letter
slat In the door violently back and
forth. In this case the metal slot
when pushed hack struck two nails
driven Into the door just above it on
the luslde. These nails were connected
with electric wires, and. the circuit be
ing completed, a warning bell was rung
in the room where the game was go
If all was well the regular client
knocked at the door or rung the bell,
and at once small wicket in the door
was opened and a face looked out. If 1
it was nighttime a light behind the I
guard shone full In the visitor's face,
If the doorkeeper recognized the caller
he opened the door and carefully lock
ed it behind hiur. He then called to a
second doorkeeper, who unlocked a sec-
PROPERTY RIGHTS INVOLVED.
Discovery of Gold at the South Pole
Would Start Trouble.
At the north polo the question of
terrlto.-.nf ownership, so far as it is
raised at all. purely academic, for at
that end of the earth a motive for the
continuous occupation which must fol
low discovery to establish possession
Is '.! conceivable. much less
known. N.i body will ever want to
stay .l:cre. as l'eary made certain
It had long been held more than high
ly |rola!!" there is nothing that any
body want:-, '..lit merely sea covered
by storm swept i"C. At the south pole,
howevci. conditions arc entirety dif
felciii, says the New York Tillies.
The antarctic continent is indeed a
dreary land, with a climate somewhat
worse than any in which men have
ever attempted to set up permanent
habitations: but. bad as it is. living
there would be easily possible, am! it
would lake uoih.ng more than the
(hiding of gold among those desolate
mountains to hurry a rush of eager
treasure seekers to them. That the
gold Is there is far from Improbable,
'"lie antarctic mountain range is an
evident continuation of the Andes, anil
scattered along every known part ot
that great chain of volcanoes are de
posits of the precious metals. The
presence of gold in Ticrra d"i l-'uego
warrants the expectation that it exists
on the oilier side of what is. after all.
rather a strait than an ocean.
Life would be hard in the interior of
the antarctic continent, but it is the
tuosi notable of man's superiorities
that he can conquer any climate, and
what a few men have endured for
short periods for little more than glory
of having gone where none had been
before other men would gladly risk
for months or years if inspired by the
hope of getting rich In what is per
haps the most attractive of aJI ways. I
Amundsen's story of his .journey, so
far as it has been told, reveals only
suffered. They were doubtless such
as only travelers with something of
the remarkable strength and endur
ance of Iiiin and his companions could
face with any approach to safety, but
the faculties of supply and the means
of sheltci lid be improved until they
were not much inferior to those of
the Yukon country.
implication that a ere
That not long ago was considered
no less worthless than the antarctic
continent is now. but with the discov
ery of gold there came the knowledge
derived from hard experii nee that low
temperatures and nights six mouths
long arc not insuperable obstacles to
the founding of cities or to the equip
ping of them with most of the eom
forts and many of the luxuries char
acteristic of urban life in lower lati
tudes. And where value is there will
ownership be surely.
throw will be lower than the dealer's.
Hut the "house' wins not only when its
throw beats, either higher or lower, hut
when the throw ties. Most gambling
houses run a cltuckaluck game regular
ly. This, as ivell as klondike. looks
fair, but as a matter of fact the-player
hits no chance of winning, as practical
ly every game of chance is controlled
by some device to trap the "boob."
lit»: it was said that .'inn gambling
houses ill New York earned S14.tVlll.IKKl
a year and that 15,000 patronized them
Among the famous gambling head
quarters of the past in New York were
the following: West Thirty-third
street, where Gottfried Gottlieb Wal
bauiu. Frank Farrell and Kavy John
son spent half a million dollars in
equipping the grandest bijou gambling
place iu the world: two houses which
John Daly conducted, one in Twenty
ninth street aud the other in Kifty
seventh street: Lou Beits' places at l'J'2
West Thirty-fourth street aud at KM!
West Forty-fourth street: Joe I'llman's.
at lillS West Forty-sixth street: tlie
Washington game. in 1 iiirty-tirst parcntly of good qtiaiity
Women's Trade Union League.
A working printer. .Mrs. i'aierson by
name, founded the Women's Trade
1'nioii league in F.nglanil in 1S7-I. The
league's membership is now quoted at
"iKi.titm. the textile industries furnish
ing the majority of members.
A Chicago politician imported his
cousin from the old country and had
him appointed a smoke inspector. This
was in the old days. He was turned
loose to Inspect without any ins
tions whatever, and this is the report
he rendered at the end of the first
"1 certify that I have inspected the
I smoke of this city for the thirty days
past. I tinil plenty of smoke and ap-
submitted." Kansas City Journal.
A Note of Pathos.
"So you don't want to take a hand in
"No." replied the discouraged look
ing woman. ''What's the use of giving
my husband still further chance to say
it's my fault when anything goes
wrong '/"—Washington Star.
Driven to It.
Farmer Greene-Josiah. gl)t
ed in that town widow. After I mar
ried her I found out she was a regular
Fanner Rrovvue— A nag. Well, I
swan! '1 hat a horse on vou.
"You ha\eu your usual remarkable
stories to tell about'your Bshing trip"
"No: the truth Is that I got so inter
ested in trying to catch some fish. I
ond door, and the eul^rjheu vrlth forgot to think up any.'^Washington Customer (baldheaded.-Yes- it died
In the place proper. 'Star. ,.w, about live vears ago
Grist From the Sport Mill
Pitcher I'emaree ol' Mobile, who will
report to the Giants when the south
ern league season closes, has been
pitching great ball, anil if lie lives up
to ilis reputation may prove to be one
of the linds of the year.
The so culled "inside'' baseball play
ing is all right and results in many
successful piays on the diamond.
Strong and consistent playing, how
ever. is the :uuiiistay of any club
When a player approaches the plate
the uppermost thought in the minds of
spectators is. "W ill he hit the bull.
if the ball is struck and hit safely the
spectators are happy. Hitting the ball
safely is the most, interesting teature
of the gallic.
It is noticeable this season that the
players are hitting the ball well. They
seem to have made up their minds
that.free and easy hitting is prefera
ble to bunting. This free hitting
makes the games more exciting. To
lie sure, it may mean a larger score,
but that is not to be deplored. lieu
there is free hitting there are more
chances for brilliant catching, skillful
tielding an.! fast running. The scene
is more animated and fascinating.
'I'll" more batting there is the better
pleased patrons will be all during the
season. Chicago iliter Iccan.
I'.oli Groom. backed by the wonder
fully improved Senators, is establish
ed himself as a terror to fence blisters.
Hard hitters have been Groom's spe
cialty all summer. Sam Crawford. Kd
die Collins and. I'ing Bodie. trouble
makers for most pitchers, have been
comparatively easy for Groom.
Hoy Chapman, the
land acquired from
Toledo in the
ly every major league club hail been
angling for him, lias the remarkable
record of transition from the nine of
a country high school to the ••lug
show" ill less than three years. He is
a flyer on the bases, lie used to run
loo yards in lt.i i- seconds and L'UO
yards in 1'.'! seconds tlat. and was a
football player. He has a batting av
erage in the minor league of and
has been a first magnitude star in
every phase of the game there.
Cincinnati and Cleveland can go
CARRION CROWS IN LONDON
The last of the London rookeries
still survive in the gardens of Gray's
inn. and it would be interesting .to
know if there are any crows also nest
ing there. A pair of carrion crows
have their habitation somewhere in
tlie neighborhood, and they are often
to be seen and heard in the early
morning near St. I'aucras church, the
tower of which has been at times used
by the old birds as a sort of aerodrome
lor tlie instruction ol the youug- ones able profession.
Proving His Weight.
They icy litll? fellow,
'I hat but sevi-u pounds you weij^h.
I'.u! your il-iildy knows much bettor.
Vol] \v.• li more than that today.
I'll weigh, pii \'iw this minute.
•lust one hundred thirty-two
Folks amy laugh. I.ut it is gospel,
*'o/. I'm all wiappetl up in you.
Detroit Free Press.
Tne Cost of
Hitt Do you really think it's dan
gerous to dye the hairy
Witt-Oh. Very: 1 knew a fellow of
about your age who did it. and the
tirst tiling lie knew lie was married to
a widow with six children
The Barber (after the shave)—Hair
ahead and make arrangements for the
Ohio championship contests. Then the
fans can shut their eyes anil think that
they are seeing a world series.
Thf Harvard undergraduates de
clared last fall that the accident to
Tudor Gardiner cost tlieni tlie gridiron
championship. Gardiner played left
f'Muto by American Press Association.
Tudor Gardiner, Who Is Mainstay of
tackle and was one of the season's
sensations until his arm was broken
in the Princeton game.
This year, however, lie is in splen
did -shape and Coach Haughton ex
pects to use him as tlie nucleus upon
which to build a record breaking i'uie.
in I lie art of aviation. A pair of these
birds used to nest in the garden of a
house at the corner of Tavistock
square, occupied noli lately by Sir E.
T. Cook. They ha\c leit there for a
year or two. a-ud it is very probable
that they have made their new home
in Gray's inn gardens.—Westminster
Iti the early ages of Greece and
Uotne piracy was considered an honor-
"Clothes don't make the man."
the careless customer.
".No." replied the tailor ruefully, "but
some men have a queer look about 'em
that makes em the ruination of a suit
of clothes."- Washington Star.
"What makes yon so sure that our
candidate will be elected':"
•'The fact." replied the candid cam
paigner. "ihat I will lose the prospect
of a good situation if he isn't."--Wash
The Day of the Suffragette.
"Are you an instructed de.e^ate':"
"1 should say so!"
"How were you instructed:'
"Ity my wife before I left hoine."
Now Look at Him.
Blinks—Chesty says that his boy is
Clinks—Yes. but Chesty ought rc
know better than to bni'.d any expert
cin on that. 1 can remember when
Chesty's father said the same thiuij
Her Point of View.
He—I committed that forgery to sat
isfy your extraviigant tastes. The
crlnm is' on your own head, not mine.
She—Ah! Is my crime on straight.'—
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