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Survey of the World's News
TIIK experiment tried id Stock liolm, Sweden. of school children In .va electrical Iv charged room to develop them mentally nml jilisi»*al!y is to lit? repeated 111 New York this In the Stockholm experiments not only wen? the minds of the children stimulated. tint thev grew two turtles ill six inoiiihs. while oilier liiI 1 grew (inlv one nml one-quarter turtles. In .New nrk the experiment Is to be made with class of children termed "(Infect I ves." Kmlncnt experts voliniteereil their services to try out. the electrification process us applied tiv Professor Svante A rrheulus. Superintendent Mm well, nfter Hevernl conferences with Nikola TeHln, agreed to permit tlie test. "I nm sure,' says Mr. Teshi, "that the hlgn frequency currents mnsIkI. cerebration through stimulation of the nerve cells and contribute marvelous i.v to the phvslcnl and mental well be ing of the Individual treated." The opinion Ik general among ex perlmental psychologists In the 1'nited States that, whereas the application of electricity in hi linn In 11n« mental growth Is feaslhle, caution must, lie exorcised In undertaking a widespread •ppllrntlon of the new me'hod. Mr. Tesla told Superintendent Max well that, after experimenting on him self nnd Ills assistants steadily for the Inst. six years, employing his most powerful roll, very much stronger than that used In the Stockholm experi ment., he noted many henetlclal physi ological effects of 11 lasting nature, •t IRRIGATION CONGRES8 The twentieth annual Irrigation con gress will ho held In Salt l.ake ('ity, Bept 80 to Oct. 5. In Salt I-nke City In September, lNilf, the first. Irrigation congress wns held. Senntor Francis O. Newlands of Nevada Is 9 1#12, by Amorti-an I'resa AnsoctiUion. Franola Griffith Nawlanda, President of Irrigation Congraaa. president of the organization, nnd he expects several thousand delegates at the meeting. They will represent states, counties, municipalities, Irriga tion, agricultural, horticultural and engineering associations, colleges and universities aiul commercial bodies from all over the country. Represent atives from foreign countries have also been Invited. *t It AMERICAN ROAD CONGRE8S The American road congress will bold Its first annual meeting at At lantic City, N. J., during the week be ginning Sept.. SO. Logan Waller Page, director of the United States olllce of public roads, as the active president of the association, has taken charge of the arrangements. The American road congress will mark the consolidation of the conven tions of forty of the most Important road organizations in the United States. President Tnft Is the honorary presi dent and will address the convention. Governor Woodrow Wilson and Briga dier General Blxby will also speak. According to President Page the meeting will be the greatest thing of tlie sort ever held and the exhibition of road building machinery will be the most complete ever brought together. MASONIC COUNCIL A supreme council of thirty-third de gree Masons will be held In Boston, Sept. 30 to Oct. 5. Barton Smith •f Toledo, O., sovereign grand com mander of the thirty-third degree Ma sons of the fifteen stntes north of tlie Ohio and east of the Mississippi rlv •rs, has charge of the arrangements and has planned to make the event one of worldwide Importance. There are twenty-six supreme coun cils In the countries outside of the United States, and three delegates from Mch of these will attend the meeting. y. WOMAN'S COM? TOURNEY ,, Women golf enthusiasts throughout the country are looking forward with great Interest to the match for the women's amateur golf championship •f the United States, w'hlch will .he held on the links of the Eksex Couutry clabof Manchester/Mass., on Sept. 30. AWATplf* OUAitHHCAYlONS Bomeof the new requirements to toe exacted ofAmM'&B.Avlatora In quail-. ... fy:ng ihern ir tlie superior brevet or master's license have been arranged by the Aero Club of America. They are due la red by aviation experts to be more exacting thau requirements of European aviators for similar licenses. First tests in America for the lnns ter's licences were held on the Cicero Held, in I'hlrjipi. Sept. pi to 'JO. Following are tlie requirements for the new license as tentatively decid ed upon: Applicant must be twenty-one years old. must make a cross country flight of lifiv miles, around a point twenty live miles away must My to a height of at least 'J,,"i(io feet, shut off I I mo tor there and glide to a point not more than meters S feed from a previously Indicated spot and must have taken a physical examination showing him to be sound. other tests will be held lu New York Oct. 10 to 20. Nine Chicago aviators, filing first applications to take the tests, brought the first test trials there. •». CHI CAGO'8 CIVIC PARADE The foes nf Intemperance and vicp Inne planned to make the Chicago civic parade, Sept. O Hie greatest event of lis kind ever held. Colonel William .ler tigs Hryan anil Colonel Theodore Koose\elt have been asked to lead the procession, in whjch fully I O men ami women are expected to pari iclpate. Practically e\ery church and reform organization In Illinois will send delegates to swell the ranks of marchers, and a series of floats showing the present conditions has been planned. ». WIDE WORK FOR COLLEGE The I*niversl(,v of Colorado Is estab lishing correspondence courses that can lie taken by any ambitions young man or woman anywhere in tlie state and will lead to degrees that will be Just as good as those conferred on the resilient students. In addition Its cor respondence courses ran lie taken by any person for the benefit to be deriv ed, even though they have uo desire to qualify fur a degree. The application of the Idea is under the direction of J*irLn I). Osborn, formerly president of the lies Moines college, lie believes that Colorado should take cognizance of the wide demands for correspondence education. Mr, Osborn has already applied his Ideas In Iowa. Fifteen departments of the univer sity will give such courses, covering the studies of I.atln, (iernian, Knglish. physics, zoology, philosophy, sociology, education, history, music, engineering, mathematics and psychology, study centers will be organize! at various places that are easily reached by stn dents. .Members of the faculty will travel about, giving lectures and hold lug examinations. The study centers will also lie social centers, at which the students can get some of the uni versity atmosphere and spirit. The university Is also organizing an Information bureau for the benefit of all the people of the state. To it can be submitted all sorts of rpiestlons, le gal, commercial, literary, selentilic and sociological, and they will be answered by the members of the faculty. Kn couragement will be given to debating societies to get their farts from this source and to women's organi/jitions which wish to learn of affairs outside the home. XX BUNKER HILL GUN Canada is returning to the United States the old gun raptured by the British at Bunker Mill, which has leen stored lu the citadel at Quebec ever since the Revolution. The restoration of the relic Is at the request, of the Bunker Hill Monument association of New York. It CHAFIN'S RUNNING MATE Aaron Sherman Watklns, from Colo uel Bryan's houie towu of Lincoln. Nob., who Is again a candidate for vice president of the United States on iiis Photo by American Press association. Aaron Sherman Watkina, Prohibition Nominaa For the Vice Praaidancy, tlie I'rohibltlon ticket, Is a native son of Ohio, where he was born Nov. 29, istl3. He Is versatile person, is Mr. Watkiiw. and lias put his talents to constuut use. He has been a practic ing lawyer, teacher in,public schools, minister, college professor andjecturer. He was Prohibition candidate tor the Ohio goverubrsMp In 1905. V' GREAT GROWTH OF THE MAIL ORDER BUSINESS. Calculated to Otaggar Humanity In Communitiaa W!:«re Merchants Hava Struggle For Exiatence. The marvelous growth of the mall order business in recent years Is cal ciliated to stagger Immunity In local communities where general merchants or specialists In any sort of merchan dise are struggling for an existence against the gigantic concerns In the big cities which have back of them the power of millions of dollars capital. A writer In the Saturday Evening Tost tells how a large mall order house was reorganized. The concern's total assets were valued at SlO.OOO.OnO. It Issued preferred stock to that amount and common stock representing good will to the amount of SKO.ooo.iiOO. To appraise the good will of mer chandising concern which. In the na ture of the case, could have no monop ollstic advantages at ?.'! for every do| lar of its tangible assets seemed rather excessive. A syndicate of shrewd capitalists ln tlmately acquainted with flu business was said to have bought a large block of It at a high figure. At current quo tations. then, this concern's mere good will was valued at SMU.ono.ooo. More over, this house was founded not many years ago by men of small means, and I the tangible assets of .fpi.oon.ooo at the time of reorganization were com posed very largely of accumulated prolils. So we have a total value nf about J"..1100,000 created or built up within a comparatively few years in the busi ness of selling at retail groceries, dry goods, furniture, and so on. to farmers, villagers and the residents of the smaller towns and cities throughout the United States. The local merchant finds himself con fronting a proposition that means a fight to the tlnish for self preservation. The lightweight as to capitalization is pitted against the heavyweight. If the townsmen and personal friends of the lightweight' fail to back him in the ring there Is a likelihuu! of a knock out In an early round. They can back him by giving him the cheerful aid of trailing at: home instead of increasing the advantage of the heavyweight by doing catalogue buying. Careful Criticism. Hr. Edwin A. Alderman, the presi dent of the University of Virginia, tells this story illustrating the importance of being careful in criticism: "I knew of a certain Instructor in rhetoric who always impressed upon his .indents the necessity of clarity in what they wrote. A young man brought on one occasion a very care fully prepared essay. "A good plei of work,' said the 1\ slrnctor. 'but, Mr. Smith, you should remember to write every sentence so that (lie most ignorant person can un derstand every word you put down.' "Tlie young man looked worried and asked anxiously: 'What part of my essay was not clear to you, professorV Popular .Magazine. "The supreme good." It will be worth while to read again the brief articles after the lesson in Palestine. They set forth some of the striking features in the many sided character of Jesus. We can well understand why the Master continues to be captivating. People never seem to tire of hearing about him. It is the old story of Jesus and his love, but every time we listen to it we feel the freshness of the dawn, as though the dew of heaven were rest ing on our sonls. And yet. strange to say. there were some who were opposed to him and who took u" delight in him in the days of his tlesh. How much had jeal ousy to do with tlie opiK)sition of the scribes and Pharisees? When they knew that he was doing good what were their objections? (I.esson 1.1 Many who followed Jesus showed a superficial interest in his teaching. They did not give thought to what he said because they were unwilling to surrender to him. How did he classi fy his audteuees? (Lesson 1IA What three principles of the kingdom are set forth in Lesson 111? How should we deal with those who have disappointed our expectations? Will we be justified in giving them up as hopeless? (Lesson IV.1 There are some earnest souls who have been found In every age. How does the pearl merchant illustrate earnest ness? What are the marks of a true scholar? Mention a pressing need of tlie church. (Lesson V.) "The treatment of opposition." A large part of our Lord's public minis try was given to the instruction of his disciples. This was necessary, as they were to carry on the work which he Inaugurated, nnd they must know his puriwse nnd his methods. What hap pened as Jesus and his disciples were crossing the lake? The cure of the demoniac made a great impression on the people of Ondnra This was clear ly work of kindness: it was also a public benefaction. Why then were the people anxious' to get rid of Jesus? (Les8on VX.) He never forced himself WORK FOR THE BULL GOOD FOR HIMSELF AND OWNER Letting Animal Stand Idle Harms Him Physically and Impairs His Useful nesi—How Young One Was Trained. A Rhode Island correspondent of the Rural Xe\f Yorker writes as follows on the subject of putting the bull to work: it had always been my idea that a bull should have some kind of exercise to keep him in good form for service and also for his own good physically, so I interested my herdsman, an Ital ian. who is very kind with the cattle, in the subject and told him that I wish ed him to teach Misty, my one-year old (iuernsey bull, to work. A few days later we gave our young bull his first lesson in harness. We took one of the extra single harnesses from tlie horse barn and by taking up the straps where it needed it we finally got the harness to Ht the bull first rate. We used all of the harness except, the bri dle. and in its place we used a small halter and snapped the reins to the rings in the halter, which are on both sides of he mouthpiece. The first day's work was simple and easy. The young bull was first led down the lane (one-fourth milei and then on the way back he pulled along a fencepost. hitched to a whiilletroe. Kacli day he was taught to do a little more work or go a longer distance, and soon we left off leading him and lie learned to be guided by the reins only. At first lie only pulled after him a few feucepiists, but now he is larger, stronger and understands more Ihor oughly his work, so we let him pull the stone drag with a moderate load and I also bring in fodder and food for the twenty cows in our herd. He almost does the work of an extra horse, and when he is older I feel sure that he will easily do the equivalent of a horse. At present he does his work in a little two wheel cart made by his keeper from refuse material, the wheels coming fr -m an old hay loader, but soon lie will be taught fo manage a larger wagon, probably the lumber wagon. We have never had any trouble in teaching him anything that wa- right for him to do. and we were always gentle, but linn, with him. as I do not believe in being rough with young ani mals. Adrconition. The widower had just taken his fourth wife and was showing her anm.id the village. Among the places visited was the churchyard, and the bride paused before a very elaborate tombstone that had been erected by I he bridegroom. Being a little near sighted. she asked him to read the in scriptions, and in reverent tones he rea11: "Here lie Susan, beloved wife of John Smith, and .lane, beloved wife of John Smith, and Mary, beloved wife of John Smith." lie pausiid abruptly, and the bride, leaning forward to see the bottom line, read, to her horror: "Be ye also ready." National Monthly. Sunday School Review SENIOR BEREAN, INTERNATIONAL SERIES. Golden Text.—The words that I speak unto you. they are spirit, and they are life.—John vi, OS. Revised Version.—The words that I have spoken unto you are spirit and .ire life.—John vi, G3. on any one, and he never failed any one. What notable interview took place at Capernaum? What hap pened as Jesus was going to the ruler's house? How did lie demonstrate his great power? (Lesson VII. 1 There is no place like home. Jesus returned to his native Nazareth, and on the Sab bath day he addressed the people in the synagogue where as a youth he had taken part in the religious exercises. Why was flic passage that he read so appropriate for the occasion? On what grounds did tha people take exception to his remarks? He saw that there was no use of his reasoning with those who were bent on opposition, and so lie left them with sadness. (Lesson II1A The end of the Kaptist was tragic, but it was in keeping with the stormy career of this prophet of the wilderness. Jesus did not bear his testimony to truth any less forcefully, but his way was different. John was a radical reformer, and he said what he meant without mincing words. What was the cause of his imprisonment? Explain tlie circumstances which led to Ills death. What bearing does tlis incident have on temperance? What is the business of the church? (Lesson IX.) "Continuance in well doing." The instruction that was given by Jesus to his disciples was now to bear fruit. He saw that the opposition to him would increase, and so he determined to work while it is called day. before the sun sets. How did he prepare them for the immediate work? What was tl.elr program of evangelization? What is the force of the words "for my sake" as used by Jesus? While the twelve ware sent out in companies of two each. Jesus continued to labor by him self. (Lesson X.) The results "of his efforts in Galilee were more or less disappointing. The people were so satisfied with their limited round of ac tivities that they gave no heed to the eager appeals of Jesus on behalf of the higher life. How did he find satisfac tion in spite of this failure to make a good impression? What was his of fer of rest? What are the penalties of indifference? (Lesson XI.) What great deed wns wrought? What spe cial lesson is worth remembering from the incident that immediately followed the miracle?' (Lesson XII.) [39 Timely pics English Oxen at Work 1'imio ny Ainpn^n rrpss Association. DID YOU EVER THINK OF a THESE THINGS, MR. a FARMER7 The soil has respect for music and yields to its demand, but it a has more for brains and yields a a an ever increasing harvest when brawn is supplemented with in a i,.Hcc1 a (no-quartor of all our cultivat- a ed crops is destroyed by insects, and therefore we must pay more a for what is saved than we other wise would. This fact is due to a the wanton destruction of our bird life, more particularly our game birds, which belong to the same zoological family as our a chickens and turkeys. The dairy cow is destined to a relieve us of the credit system. a paint our farm homes, build a 0 good roads, educate our children and buy automobiles, (live her a a chance on your farm. A well cultivated, fertile soil a a domestic animals. The animals a kept on the farm furnish plant food for the growth of vegetn hie life again. Who can devise a better system of reciprocity than already exists on every 9 well regulated grain, grass and a stock farm? a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a A' 1 GIRL of twenty stood in the grounds of a country place, a diagram in one hand, a pencil In the other. A man carrying artist's sketching materials was com ing down the road. He stopped. "Is this the Harrington place?" he asked the girl. "It is." "The old maids who owned it. I hear, are dead, and it lias passed into the hands of a new owner. They say he's a globe trotter and there's no more chance of the place being kept up than before." "On the contrary. I am employed to lay out the grounds in an entirely new scheme." "You?"' "Vou seem surprised'to see a girl do ing such work. 1 have just been grad uated in the department of gardening at college." "ll'ni! Where are your assistants?" "Can't get any." "How would 1 do?" he asked. "You seem to be an artist." "Artists can't live on their artistic productions: they must stop once in awhile to earn some money by work." "You couldn't earn much here—only a day and found." "1 could run ahead t?12 a week. I'll go to work right off if you like." The man was engaged, the head gar dener wanting him that if she caught: him dreaming over the surrounding scenery, which was very tine, she would "dock" his wages. He must also agree to give her a week's notice be fore quitting. All this being arranged, she set hint to work digging up the sod for a new arrangement of tlie walks. It was hard work, and he didn't get on very well. At evening she told him he'd better give it up. "I'll tell you what I'll do." he said. "You pay me what you are allowed for assistants. With that I'll agree to em ploy two assistants and boss them. That'll give you all your time for plan ning." He succeeded in talking her into the scheme, though she couldn't see where he would get help or make anything for himself. He went to the village that evening and the next morning had two lusty fellows at work. He sat in the grounds sketching, giving his men occasional instructions. "I declare," said the head gardener, "If that isn't just like an artist. No body can ever tell how they live. Well, if he doesn't make any money it's uo concern of mine. He's getting the work done?* Finding too much time for her plan ning, she stroller out and took a look at the picture he was making. The outline of a landscape was sketched on the canvas. "I would like to know." she said, "how you expect to gain any money 1 -,2^ CARING FOR THE FALL COLT. Keep Him Growing During Winter and Wean Him When Grass Starts. The youngster which arrives in the fall or early winter has exactly the same requirements as does his broth er that begins his earthly existence In the spring. To make conditions as nearly as possible like those that can be so easily provided In the spring1 must be tlie aim. The colt then needs liberal feeding with feed of good qual ity. He needs exercise and fresh air., The fall colt requires more care and attention. He cannot be turned out in a pasture with his mother and ba allowed to run week in and week out. Exorcise must be provided. It most oft'.'ti happens that there is just one fall colt on the farm. Usually without serious inconvenience the youngster is made a pet and given the freedom.: of flie bant and yards. He will get e:i .cise in roaming about and will pick up a stray bite once in awhile. In case that system is not practiced it is best to give the mother and the colt a big box stall by night and to allow them to run in an ojien yard by day. flood bright clover or alfalfa hay is probably the best substitute for green grass that can be provided. If the youngster is kept growing during the first winter he will be ready to wean by the time grass tarts.—Na- tional Stockman and Farmer. An Artist Globe Trotter By MALCOLM R. DAVIS by paying your wages to other people.' "I thought 'hat was the only way to make money- getting other people to do the hard work and doing tlie skill ed part yourself." "Hut you're not even doing the skill ed part." "You're doing that." "While you are"— "Wasting my time. I admit it. This picture will never tie good for any thing. Let's go in and try the piano." He seemed to have his own way with her. She followed him i,uto the house, and, sitting before the piano, he struck several 1 hords. "This won't do." he said snappishly. "The thing can't have been tuned in years. These people can't expect you In get 011 with a tin pan. What's the agent's name':" Before she could stop him he had rung up 1 he .agent"011 the telephone, and she was horrified to hear him say: "Miss Kisso"]:, the head gardener, wants to know what you mean by leaving the piano in such a condition. She says if you don't have a man here to tune it right off she'll throw up her job." He flung down the receiver and re joined her. "Upon my word!" she exclaimed. "Who authorized you to say that?" "II" he doesn't have a tuner here by tomorrow morning yon needn't pay me any wages for myself or the two as sistants. You women are not fitted to get 011 as men are. You haven't got any sand." "Where men have as much of It as you have there's none left for us wo men." She consented to let the matter rest, nnd. sure enough, the next morning the piano was tuned. Then the first assistant gardener insisted on the head gardener spending the morning with him in the music room. Finally the grounds were laid out on the new plan. The men the assistant had hired kept at work and seemed satisfied with their pay. How their boss managed the finances to make anything was a mystery. When the work was ready to turn over to the agent the artist took his traps and moved on. It seemed to the girl that her world had moved on and left her desolate. The agent sent word that the owner had arrived and he would bring him to inspect the grounds. Miss Kissoek dreaded lest her scheme should be disapproved. Doubtless the globe trotter owner was used to the beautiful landscape gar dening abroad, and her girlish effort would seem a botch to him. When the two arrived she was iu her room. She hurried downstairs. There was the agent and with him the artist 'Mr. Trowbridge, the owner!" said1 the agent.