Survey of the World's News
experiment tried id Stock
liolm, Sweden. of
school children In .va electrical
Iv charged room to develop
them mentally nml jilisi»*al!y is to lit?
repeated 111 New York this
In the Stockholm experiments not
only wen? the minds of the children
stimulated. tint thev grew two turtles
ill six inoiiihs. while oilier liiI
grew (inlv one nml one-quarter turtles.
In .New nrk the experiment Is to be
made with class of children termed
"(Infect I ves."
Kmlncnt experts voliniteereil their
services to try out. the electrification
process us applied tiv Professor Svante
A rrheulus. Superintendent Mm well,
nfter Hevernl conferences with Nikola
TeHln, agreed to permit tlie test.
"I nm sure,' says Mr. Teshi, "that
the hlgn frequency currents
cerebration through stimulation of the
nerve cells and contribute marvelous
i.v to the phvslcnl and mental well be
ing of the Individual treated."
The opinion Ik general among ex
perlmental psychologists In the 1'nited
States that, whereas the application
of electricity in
growth Is feaslhle, caution must, lie
exorcised In undertaking a widespread
•ppllrntlon of the new me'hod.
Mr. Tesla told Superintendent Max
well that, after experimenting on him
self nnd Ills assistants steadily for the
Inst. six years, employing his most
powerful roll, very much stronger than
that used In the Stockholm experi
ment., he noted many henetlclal physi
ological effects of 11 lasting nature,
The twentieth annual Irrigation con
gress will ho held In Salt l.ake ('ity,
Bept 80 to Oct. 5. In Salt I-nke
City In September, lNilf, the first.
Irrigation congress wns held. Senntor
Francis O. Newlands of Nevada Is
9 1#12, by Amorti-an I'resa AnsoctiUion.
Franola Griffith Nawlanda, President
of Irrigation Congraaa.
president of the organization, nnd he
expects several thousand delegates at
the meeting. They will represent
states, counties, municipalities, Irriga
tion, agricultural, horticultural and
engineering associations, colleges and
universities aiul commercial bodies
from all over the country. Represent
atives from foreign countries have
also been Invited.
AMERICAN ROAD CONGRE8S
The American road congress will
bold Its first annual meeting at At
lantic City, N. J., during the week be
ginning Sept.. SO. Logan Waller Page,
director of the United States olllce of
public roads, as the active president
of the association, has taken charge of
The American road congress will
mark the consolidation of the conven
tions of forty of the most Important
road organizations in the United States.
President Tnft Is the honorary presi
dent and will address the convention.
Governor Woodrow Wilson and Briga
dier General Blxby will also speak.
According to President Page the
meeting will be the greatest thing of
tlie sort ever held and the exhibition
of road building machinery will be the
most complete ever brought together.
A supreme council of thirty-third de
gree Masons will be held In Boston,
Sept. 30 to Oct. 5. Barton Smith
•f Toledo, O., sovereign grand com
mander of the thirty-third degree Ma
sons of the fifteen stntes north of tlie
Ohio and east of the Mississippi rlv
•rs, has charge of the arrangements
and has planned to make the event one
of worldwide Importance.
There are twenty-six supreme coun
cils In the countries outside of the
United States, and three delegates from
Mch of these will attend the meeting.
WOMAN'S COM? TOURNEY ,,
Women golf enthusiasts throughout
the country are looking forward with
great Interest to the match for the
women's amateur golf championship
•f the United States, w'hlch will .he
held on the links of the Eksex Couutry
clabof Manchester/Mass., on Sept. 30.
Bomeof the new requirements to toe
exacted ofAmM'&B.Avlatora In quail-.
fy:ng ihern ir tlie superior brevet or
master's license have been arranged
by the Aero Club of America. They
are due la red by aviation experts to be
more exacting thau requirements of
European aviators for similar licenses.
First tests in America for the lnns
ter's licences were held on the Cicero
Held, in I'hlrjipi. Sept. pi to 'JO.
Following are tlie requirements for
the new license as tentatively decid
Applicant must be twenty-one years
old. must make a cross country flight
of lifiv miles, around a point twenty
live miles away must My to a height
of at least 'J,,"i(io feet, shut off I I mo
tor there and glide to a point not
more than meters S feed from
a previously Indicated spot and must
have taken a physical examination
showing him to be sound.
other tests will be held lu New York
Oct. 10 to 20. Nine Chicago aviators,
filing first applications to take the
tests, brought the first test trials there.
CHI CAGO'8 CIVIC PARADE
The foes nf Intemperance and vicp
Inne planned to make the Chicago
civic parade, Sept. O Hie greatest
event of lis kind ever held. Colonel
William .ler tigs Hryan anil Colonel
Theodore Koose\elt have been asked
to lead the procession, in whjch fully
men ami women are expected to
pari iclpate. Practically e\ery church
and reform organization In Illinois
will send delegates to swell the ranks
of marchers, and a series of floats
showing the present conditions has
WIDE WORK FOR COLLEGE
The I*niversl(,v of Colorado Is estab
lishing correspondence courses that
can lie taken by any ambitions young
man or woman anywhere in tlie state
and will lead to degrees that will be
Just as good as those conferred on the
resilient students. In addition Its cor
respondence courses ran lie taken by
any person for the benefit to be deriv
ed, even though they have uo desire to
qualify fur a degree.
The application of the Idea is under the
direction of J*irLn I). Osborn, formerly
president of the lies Moines college,
lie believes that Colorado should take
cognizance of the wide demands for
correspondence education. Mr, Osborn
has already applied his Ideas In Iowa.
Fifteen departments of the univer
sity will give such courses, covering
the studies of I.atln, (iernian, Knglish.
physics, zoology, philosophy, sociology,
education, history, music, engineering,
mathematics and psychology, study
centers will be organize! at various
places that are easily reached by stn
dents. .Members of the faculty will
travel about, giving lectures and hold
lug examinations. The study centers
will also lie social centers, at which
the students can get some of the uni
versity atmosphere and spirit.
The university Is also organizing an
Information bureau for the benefit of
all the people of the state. To it can
be submitted all sorts of rpiestlons, le
gal, commercial, literary, selentilic and
sociological, and they will be answered
by the members of the faculty. Kn
couragement will be given to debating
societies to get their farts from this
source and to women's organi/jitions
which wish to learn of affairs outside
BUNKER HILL GUN
Canada is returning to the United
States the old gun raptured by the
British at Bunker Mill, which has leen
stored lu the citadel at Quebec ever
since the Revolution. The restoration
of the relic Is at the request, of the
Bunker Hill Monument association of
CHAFIN'S RUNNING MATE
Aaron Sherman Watklns, from Colo
uel Bryan's houie towu of Lincoln.
Nob., who Is again a candidate for
vice president of the United States on
Photo by American Press association.
Aaron Sherman Watkina, Prohibition
Nominaa For the Vice Praaidancy,
tlie I'rohibltlon ticket, Is a native son
of Ohio, where he was born Nov. 29,
istl3. He Is versatile person, is Mr.
Watkiiw. and lias put his talents to
constuut use. He has been a practic
ing lawyer, teacher in,public schools,
minister, college professor andjecturer.
He was Prohibition candidate tor the
Ohio goverubrsMp In 1905. V'
GREAT GROWTH OF THE
MAIL ORDER BUSINESS.
Calculated to Otaggar Humanity In
Communitiaa W!:«re Merchants Hava
Struggle For Exiatence.
The marvelous growth of the mall
order business in recent years Is cal
ciliated to stagger Immunity In local
communities where general merchants
or specialists In any sort of merchan
dise are struggling for an existence
against the gigantic concerns In the
big cities which have back of them the
power of millions of dollars capital. A
writer In the Saturday Evening Tost
tells how a large mall order house was
reorganized. The concern's total assets
were valued at
preferred stock to that amount and
common stock representing good will
to the amount of SKO.ooo.iiOO.
To appraise the good will of mer
chandising concern which. In the na
ture of the case, could have no monop
ollstic advantages at ?.'! for every do|
lar of its tangible assets seemed rather
A syndicate of shrewd capitalists ln
tlmately acquainted with flu business
was said to have bought a large block
of It at a high figure. At current quo
tations. then, this concern's mere good
will was valued at SMU.ono.ooo. More
over, this house was founded not many
years ago by men of small means, and
I the tangible assets of .fpi.oon.ooo at
the time of reorganization were com
posed very largely of accumulated
So we have a total value nf about
J"..1100,000 created or built up within
a comparatively few years in the busi
ness of selling at retail groceries, dry
goods, furniture, and so on. to farmers,
villagers and the residents of the
smaller towns and cities throughout
the United States.
The local merchant finds himself con
fronting a proposition that means a
fight to the tlnish for self preservation.
The lightweight as to capitalization is
pitted against the heavyweight. If the
townsmen and personal friends of the
lightweight' fail to back him in the
ring there Is a likelihuu! of a knock
out In an early round. They can back
him by giving him the cheerful aid of
trailing at: home instead of increasing
the advantage of the heavyweight by
doing catalogue buying.
Hr. Edwin A. Alderman, the presi
dent of the University of Virginia, tells
this story illustrating the importance
of being careful in criticism:
"I knew of a certain Instructor in
rhetoric who always impressed upon
his .indents the necessity of clarity in
what they wrote. A young man
brought on one occasion a very care
fully prepared essay.
"A good plei of work,' said the 1\
slrnctor. 'but, Mr. Smith, you should
remember to write every sentence so
that (lie most ignorant person can un
derstand every word you put down.'
"Tlie young man looked worried and
'What part of my essay was not
clear to you, professorV Popular
"The supreme good." It will be
worth while to read again the brief
articles after the lesson in Palestine.
They set forth some of the striking
features in the many sided character
of Jesus. We can well understand why
the Master continues to be captivating.
People never seem to tire of hearing
about him. It is the old story of Jesus
and his love, but every time we listen
to it we feel the freshness of the dawn,
as though the dew of heaven were rest
ing on our sonls.
And yet. strange to say. there were
some who were opposed to him and
who took u" delight in him in the
days of his tlesh. How much had jeal
ousy to do with tlie opiK)sition of the
scribes and Pharisees? When they
knew that he was doing good what
were their objections? (I.esson 1.1
Many who followed Jesus showed a
superficial interest in his teaching.
They did not give thought to what he
said because they were unwilling to
surrender to him. How did he classi
fy his audteuees? (Lesson 1IA
What three principles of the kingdom
are set forth in Lesson 111? How
should we deal with those who have
disappointed our expectations? Will
we be justified in giving them up as
hopeless? (Lesson IV.1 There are
some earnest souls who have been
found In every age. How does
the pearl merchant illustrate earnest
ness? What are the marks of a true
scholar? Mention a pressing need of
tlie church. (Lesson V.)
"The treatment of opposition." A
large part of our Lord's public minis
try was given to the instruction of his
disciples. This was necessary, as they
were to carry on the work which he
Inaugurated, nnd they must know his
puriwse nnd his methods. What hap
pened as Jesus and his disciples were
crossing the lake? The cure of the
demoniac made a great impression on
the people of Ondnra This was clear
ly work of kindness: it was also a
public benefaction. Why then were the
people anxious' to get rid of Jesus?
(Les8on VX.) He never forced himself
WORK FOR THE BULL GOOD
FOR HIMSELF AND OWNER
Letting Animal Stand Idle Harms Him
Physically and Impairs His Useful
nesi—How Young One Was Trained.
A Rhode Island correspondent of the
Rural Xe\f Yorker writes as follows on
the subject of putting the bull to work:
it had always been my idea that a
bull should have some kind of exercise
to keep him in good form for service
and also for his own good physically,
so I interested my herdsman, an Ital
ian. who is very kind with the cattle,
in the subject and told him that I wish
ed him to teach Misty, my one-year
old (iuernsey bull, to work. A few
days later we gave our young bull his
first lesson in harness. We took one
of the extra single harnesses from tlie
horse barn and by taking up the straps
where it needed it we finally got the
harness to Ht the bull first rate. We
used all of the harness except, the bri
dle. and in its place we used a small
halter and snapped the reins to the
rings in the halter, which are on both
sides of he mouthpiece.
The first day's work was simple and
easy. The young bull was first led
down the lane (one-fourth milei and
then on the way back he pulled along
a fencepost. hitched to a whiilletroe.
Kacli day he was taught to do a little
more work or go a longer distance,
and soon we left off leading him and
lie learned to be guided by the reins
only. At first lie only pulled after him
a few feucepiists, but now he is larger,
stronger and understands more Ihor
oughly his work, so we let him pull the
stone drag with a moderate load and
I also bring in fodder and food for the
twenty cows in our herd. He almost
does the work of an extra horse, and
when he is older I feel sure that he will
easily do the equivalent of a horse. At
present he does his work in a little two
wheel cart made by his keeper from
refuse material, the wheels coming
fr -m an old hay loader, but soon lie
will be taught fo manage a larger
wagon, probably the lumber wagon.
We have never had any trouble in
teaching him anything that wa- right
for him to do. and we were always
gentle, but linn, with him. as I do not
believe in being rough with young ani
The widower had just taken his
fourth wife and was showing her
anm.id the village. Among the places
visited was the churchyard, and the
bride paused before a very elaborate
tombstone that had been erected by
I he bridegroom. Being a little near
sighted. she asked him to read the in
scriptions, and in reverent tones he
"Here lie Susan, beloved wife of
John Smith, and .lane, beloved wife of
John Smith, and Mary, beloved wife
of John Smith."
lie pausiid abruptly, and the bride,
leaning forward to see the bottom line,
read, to her horror:
"Be ye also ready." National
Sunday School Review
SENIOR BEREAN, INTERNATIONAL SERIES.
Golden Text.—The words that I speak
unto you. they are spirit, and they are
life.—John vi, OS.
Revised Version.—The words that I
have spoken unto you are spirit and
.ire life.—John vi, G3.
on any one, and he never failed any
one. What notable interview
took place at Capernaum? What hap
pened as Jesus was going to the ruler's
house? How did lie demonstrate his
great power? (Lesson VII.
1 There is
no place like home. Jesus returned to
his native Nazareth, and on the Sab
bath day he addressed the people in
the synagogue where as a youth he had
taken part in the religious exercises.
Why was flic passage that he read so
appropriate for the occasion? On what
grounds did tha people take exception
to his remarks? He saw that there was
no use of his reasoning with those
who were bent on opposition, and so
lie left them with sadness. (Lesson
II1A The end of the Kaptist was
tragic, but it was in keeping with the
stormy career of this prophet of the
wilderness. Jesus did not bear his
testimony to truth any less forcefully,
but his way was different. John was
a radical reformer, and he said what he
meant without mincing words. What
was the cause of his imprisonment?
Explain tlie circumstances which led
to Ills death. What bearing does tlis
incident have on temperance? What is
the business of the church? (Lesson
"Continuance in well doing." The
instruction that was given by Jesus to
his disciples was now to bear fruit.
He saw that the opposition to him
would increase, and so he determined
to work while it is called day. before
the sun sets. How did he prepare them
for the immediate work? What was
tl.elr program of evangelization? What
is the force of the words "for my sake"
as used by Jesus? While the twelve
ware sent out in companies of two
each. Jesus continued to labor by him
self. (Lesson X.) The results "of his
efforts in Galilee were more or less
disappointing. The people were so
satisfied with their limited round of ac
tivities that they gave no heed to the
eager appeals of Jesus on behalf of the
higher life. How did he find satisfac
tion in spite of this failure to make a
good impression? What was his of
fer of rest? What are the penalties of
indifference? (Lesson XI.) What
great deed wns wrought? What spe
cial lesson is worth remembering from
the incident that immediately followed
the miracle?' (Lesson XII.)
English Oxen at Work
1'imio ny Ainpn^n rrpss Association.
DID YOU EVER THINK OF
a THESE THINGS, MR.
The soil has respect for music
and yields to its demand, but it a
has more for brains and yields
an ever increasing harvest when
brawn is supplemented with in
(no-quartor of all our cultivat- a
ed crops is destroyed by insects,
and therefore we must pay more a
for what is saved than we other
wise would. This fact is due to a
the wanton destruction of our
bird life, more particularly our
game birds, which belong to the
same zoological family as our a
chickens and turkeys.
The dairy cow is destined to a
relieve us of the credit system.
a paint our farm homes, build a
0 good roads, educate our children
and buy automobiles, (live her a
a chance on your farm.
A well cultivated, fertile soil a
domestic animals. The animals
a kept on the farm furnish plant
food for the growth of vegetn
hie life again. Who can devise
a better system of reciprocity
than already exists on every
well regulated grain, grass and
a stock farm?
a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a
GIRL of twenty stood in the
grounds of a country place, a
diagram in one hand, a pencil
In the other. A man carrying
artist's sketching materials was com
ing down the road. He stopped.
"Is this the Harrington place?" he
asked the girl.
"The old maids who owned it. I hear,
are dead, and it lias passed into the
hands of a new owner. They say he's
a globe trotter and there's no more
chance of the place being kept up than
"On the contrary. I am employed to
lay out the grounds in an entirely new
"Vou seem surprised'to see a girl do
ing such work. 1 have just been grad
uated in the department of gardening
"ll'ni! Where are your assistants?"
"Can't get any."
"How would 1 do?" he asked.
"You seem to be an artist."
"Artists can't live on their artistic
productions: they must stop once in
awhile to earn some money by work."
"You couldn't earn much here—only
a day and found."
"1 could run ahead t?12 a week. I'll
go to work right off if you like."
The man was engaged, the head gar
dener wanting him that if she caught:
him dreaming over the surrounding
scenery, which was very tine, she
would "dock" his wages. He must also
agree to give her a week's notice be
fore quitting. All this being arranged,
she set hint to work digging up the sod
for a new arrangement of tlie walks.
It was hard work, and he didn't get
on very well. At evening she told him
he'd better give it up.
"I'll tell you what I'll do." he said.
"You pay me what you are allowed for
assistants. With that I'll agree to em
ploy two assistants and boss them.
That'll give you all your time for plan
He succeeded in talking her into the
scheme, though she couldn't see where
he would get help or make anything
for himself. He went to the village
that evening and the next morning
had two lusty fellows at work. He sat
in the grounds sketching, giving his
men occasional instructions.
"I declare," said the head gardener,
"If that isn't just like an artist. No
body can ever tell how they live.
Well, if he doesn't make any money
it's uo concern of mine. He's getting
the work done?*
Finding too much time for her plan
ning, she stroller out and took a look
at the picture he was making. The
outline of a landscape was sketched
on the canvas.
"I would like to know." she said,
"how you expect to gain any money
CARING FOR THE FALL COLT.
Keep Him Growing During Winter and
Wean Him When Grass Starts.
The youngster which arrives in the
fall or early winter has exactly the
same requirements as does his broth
er that begins his earthly existence In
the spring. To make conditions as
nearly as possible like those that can
be so easily provided In the spring1
must be tlie aim. The colt then needs
liberal feeding with feed of good qual
ity. He needs exercise and fresh air.,
The fall colt requires more care and
attention. He cannot be turned out
in a pasture with his mother and ba
allowed to run week in and week out.
Exorcise must be provided. It most
oft'.'ti happens that there is just one
fall colt on the farm. Usually without
serious inconvenience the youngster
is made a pet and given the freedom.:
of flie bant and yards. He will get
e:i .cise in roaming about and will pick
up a stray bite once in awhile.
In case that system is not practiced
it is best to give the mother and the
colt a big box stall by night and to
allow them to run in an ojien yard by
day. flood bright clover or alfalfa hay
is probably the best substitute for
green grass that can be provided. If
the youngster is kept growing during
the first winter he will be ready to
wean by the time grass tarts.—Na-
tional Stockman and Farmer.
An Artist Globe Trotter
By MALCOLM R. DAVIS
by paying your wages to other people.'
"I thought 'hat was the only way to
make money- getting other people to
do the hard work and doing tlie skill
ed part yourself."
"Hut you're not even doing the skill
"You're doing that."
"While you are"—
"Wasting my time. I admit it. This
picture will never tie good for any
thing. Let's go in and try the piano."
He seemed to have his own way
with her. She followed him i,uto the
house, and, sitting before the piano, he
struck several 1 hords.
"This won't do." he said snappishly.
"The thing can't have been tuned in
years. These people can't expect you
with a tin pan. What's the
Before she could stop him he had
rung up 1 he .agent"011 the telephone, and
she was horrified to hear him say:
"Miss Kisso"]:, the head gardener,
wants to know what you mean by
leaving the piano in such a condition.
She says if you don't have a man here
to tune it right off she'll throw up her
He flung down the receiver and re
"Upon my word!" she exclaimed.
"Who authorized you to say that?"
"II" he doesn't have a tuner here by
tomorrow morning yon needn't pay me
any wages for myself or the two as
sistants. You women are not fitted to
get 011 as men are. You haven't got
"Where men have as much of It as
you have there's none left for us wo
She consented to let the matter rest,
nnd. sure enough, the next morning
the piano was tuned. Then the first
assistant gardener insisted on the head
gardener spending the morning with
him in the music room.
Finally the grounds were laid out on
the new plan. The men the assistant
had hired kept at work and seemed
satisfied with their pay. How their
boss managed the finances to make
anything was a mystery.
When the work was ready to turn
over to the agent the artist took his
traps and moved on. It seemed to the
girl that her world had moved on and
left her desolate. The agent sent word
that the owner had arrived and he
would bring him to inspect the
grounds. Miss Kissoek dreaded lest
her scheme should be disapproved.
Doubtless the globe trotter owner was
used to the beautiful landscape gar
dening abroad, and her girlish effort
would seem a botch to him. When
the two arrived she was iu her room.
She hurried downstairs. There was
the agent and with him the artist
'Mr. Trowbridge, the owner!" said1
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