Timely Facts and Comment Con
cerning the Two Minor Parties
and Their Standard Bearers.
Socialists' Gains Since 1900,
When Debs, Now Presidential
Nominee For the Fourth Time,
Received Only 87,814 Votes.
This it the last article of a aeries on
nomineea of the presidential oampaign.
A LTHOUGH the bulk of the noise
and notoriety of the present
presidential campaign la fall
log to the lot of the two big
parties, which la natural, nnd the new
third party, the cohorts of tlio cause of
Socialism and Prohibition are
gards In the great game tlint is being
played and which will be crowned by
the verdict of the voters of the United
States in a few brief weeks. Of the
minor parties mentioned the Socialists
are the stronger and, therefore. In point
•f popular Interest their part in a na
tional campaign taltes precedence over
that ot the Prohibition party.
Practically the first evidences of so
this country were observed
la the political epoch which closed the
presidential career of Ulysses 8. Grant
In 1876. it that time most of the So
cialists were Oerman Immigrants. Lat
er the Socialist movement made
headway by accessions of Immi
grants from other parts of Europe.
The Socialist Labor party waa the
outcome of the energies of these for
eign born dttiens. But this party
tailed to show any perceptible prog-
Polltlclans of those days and
of the present time have ex
that the Socialist Labor party
never hop* for much because of
antagonism to trade unions. In
the Socialist Labor candidate for
SnsMuit, Matchett, received only 86,
SB0 votes. In 1889, however, there
a quick change when Eugene V.
became active and prominent In
THB RISK OF DEBS
First nominated for president In 1900
tfca Social Democratic party, Debs
—tetved 87,814 votes. But he was con
against a Socialist-Labor and a
of the road candidate. The lat
ter aspirant represented the remnant
the People's party. In 1004 Debs'
wta Jumped to 886,805, and four years
ago his total showing was 420,793.
While It was figured out then that If
this rata of progression continued the
Socialist ticket this year would receive
Wwavd ot 1,800,000 votes, a million
waa a conservative estimate. But the
Progressive party came Into ezlstetoce.
This fact, In the opinion of men keen
en politics, upset any auspiciously ex
Nevertheless Debs, now a nominen
lor president for the fourth time, and
•all Seldel, his busy running mate,
are beating up the country in great
shape and injecting as much snap and
ginger In the flght as though sanguine
ot victory. Although three times de
feated, Doha holds a political record.
He has broken every precedent and
eastern as to the number of times a
man maybe named for the presidency.
This apostle of the doctrines of co
eperatlOB tor the common weal has
Boat Ingratiating manner, and that
helps on the stump. His smile 1b one
of the things that have made him big
to politico. He Is as good a hand
riMU( its sny of them, atid the fuss
Ipmkesover the babies might well
t» tin*4*7 of any rival." That smile
a^jJishs' |a artistic. It la peculiar lu
seems f--#pread .over
A'jinaa aadlMice with qoito as much
•Ipset .as |fr he .win looking directly
tha fhiWof a single Individual.
Socialism and Prohibition
Wutklns ami Seklcl photos by American Press Association.
Debs always has held deckled opin
ions of his own, and sometime* ns
boy these were the despair of his teach
ers. Ilis schooling, by the way, never
amounted to much. The Soehilists'
cai.dldate was horn at Torre Haute,
Ind., where he still lives, Nov. ti, 1855.
lie became a locomotive fireman and
then got a job with a wholesale grocery.
While thus employed he organized the
Emersonian society and succeeded In
laudlug the position of city clerk of
Tcrro llaute, which ho held from 1870
to 1883. Having resolved on a political
career, lie planned to go to the Indiana
legislature and was elected for two
years. Meantime ho had been grand
secretary and treasurer of the Brother
hood of Locomotive Firemen, an otllce
ho held from 1880 to 1893. lie was
president of the American Hallway
union from 1803 to 1807 aud chairman
of the national council of the Social De
mocracy iu 1807-8.
SEIDEL A HUSTLER
Euiii Seidei, tlio vice presidential
nominee, was elected as Milwaukee's
Socialist mayor In 1010 and was de
feated for re-election this year. His
vote was 30,200 against 43,172 for his
oppouent, Dr. G. A. Badiilg.
Seidei is a born hustler. When his
campaign Itinerary was mapped out
it was said that It would cause him to
travel a distance of 25,000 to 30,000
miles. Starting at Cincinnati July 21,
he has been on the go continuously,
and his Inst speaking engagement is lu
New York city the Monday night be
fore election day, Tuesday, Nov. 5.
Seidei wus born at Ashland, Pa.,
Dec. 13,1804. He waa the founder of
the Socialist organization in Milwau
kee, nominee of that party for gov
ernor of Wisconsin in 1002, a Milwau
kee alderman In 1004 aud alderman at
large iu 1000. Then lie was elected
mayor of Milwaukee, being the first
Socialist to be placed at the head of
an Important municipality. Milwau
kee made a clean sweep of that elec
tion, turning over everything to the
Socialists. Tlie triumph put new life
lu the party, nnd Seidel's career as
mayor was followed closely, all over
the country. The mayor and Victor
L. Berger, famous Socialist lender and
active iu his party's campaigns, said
it was uot a personal victory for Sel
del, but rather a vindication in tlie
minds of the Milwaukee electorate of
the principles of their party.
1—Eugene W. Chafin. 2—Emil Seidei. 3—Aaron S. Watkins. 4—Eugene V.
Debs. 5—Robert H. Patton. 6—J. G. Phelps Stokes, Famous Socialist.
In spite of the impression which
some people get from Seidel's touscled
hair, he really is quiet aud unassum
ing and no Are cater on the stump.
Nevertheless when he becomes fully
aroused to Ills subject he pitches luto
it heart and soul with all the spice of
a natural born campaigner. He wins
friends readily and from every view
point is one of the strongest, cards the
Socialists hold when it's their work
ing time, for Setdel is a worker, as his
courage In undertaking that 25.000
mile tour will convince-anybody. j....
THE PROHIBITION PARTY
Prohibition first was adopted by the
state flf Maine. That was in 1840.
Prohibition was repented there in 1859,
but rendopted in 1858, and last year it
won out, although It was a close fight.
State wide prohibition prevailed In sev
en other states at that time—North
Carolina, Georgia, Mississippi. Tennes
see, Oklahoma, Kansas and North Da
Brigadier General Neal Dow was the
father of the Maine movement. It was
he who Iu 1831 drafted the first severe
ly prohibitory law of the state. He
did not rest there, but wus in the fore
front of tlio fight over all succeeding
prohibition laws, which culminated In
the constitutional amendment of 1SS4.
That amendment came up for con
sideration after Maine had tried state
wide statutory prohibition for over a
quarter of a century. It was proposed
by the Sixty-first legislature and sub
mitted to a test vote on Sept. 8, 1884.
It was overwhelmingly approved, 70,
783 persons voting for it and only 23,
811 against It. Governor Iiobie issued
a proclamation in regard to it on the
following Dec. 3, and the amendment
actually went into effect, in January,
18S5. It prohibited the manufacture
nnd sale of intoxicating liquors, not: in
cluding cider, but legalized the sale of
liquors for medicinal and mechanical
purposes and for the arts.
Prohibition has won in other stales
besides those mentioned, but has not
held its strength. Various leaders of
the movement have urged that the
name of the party be changed. At the
national convention last July such sug
gestions were made, but failed of ac
tion. It was a coincidence that
CHAFIN AND WATKINS
name suggested was the Progressive
party. Others favored the Liberal par
ty aud still others the Conservation
The Prohibition nominees now In the
field, Eugene Wilder Chafin nnd Aaron
Sherman Watkins, are good campaign
ers. They were teammates in 1908 as
candidates for the same offices for
which they have been renominated.
Chafin is a native of Wisconsin, where
he was born Nov. l, 1S52. He has
long been one of the most prominent
figures Iri his party. A lawyer by pro
fession. lie was twice a candidate for
the office of attorney general of Wis
consin. once candidate for the same
office in Illiuols and prior to that ran
for congress. He was a candidate for
the Wisconsin governorship in lSOK
Ho removed to Arizona iu 1009 and
uow resides at Tucson, that state. He
Is possessed of a pleasing manner and
makes it a rule in life to look on the
pleasant side of thiugs.
Watkins, tin Prohibition candidate
for vice president first saw the light
at Itushsylvauia. O.. Nov. 20.
OUR CONSUMPTION OF FRUIT.
We Eal Up Nearly $200,000,000 Worth
Yearly, Statistics Show.
I inN I I
»n Hi' fruit reus ii
ill t- I" to I 111- 'IKirilK.il.IS pjlili of
iieiirh :'Jiio.Mi.iu.ui.ilp. s. the New York
I'les-. The statist:. fi^r limli show
rI 11 wr crop was worth .Sis:'..
IjlUl.un :. us -1 i. .S'JV.,1}(,1.1.11m I. our
tii-.-i|, S'L"-'.i.'i».!.'i!in iI•I ir.ir strawberries
INN' I I:- I !!_:•
11 I! I
same large figures. UV colisuiiti-d I? 1 •».•
ii'iu.uit, „f i-liiias a in I prune-. .sT.imti.tHiii
of peal's 1111 ehelTii-s Mini
t.l II il of
|11ii'i'iy. Ami ail of the-e things
arc [ian nl' tin- high i-ost ui living. since
there has been an increase of nearly
per cent in the value of on-hard fruits
between ls!l!t anil l'.iiiii, while there has
been less than 1! per cent in the in
eivasc of product ion.
One of ihe curious foil lures of this
pi'oiluction of fruit has been the lessen
ing of the apple crop, which in the past,
(iecaile. with a growing population, hits
decreased from 17.".ui
nun pi I
1 ri p.i
mill barrels On the other hand, the
production of tropical fruits in conti
nental United States has about trebled
in the same time, and ten times as
many pineapples are srmvn now us
were produced ten years ago. When it.
is realized that since l.Sbii there has
been a decrease of nearly -H),lMi(i,(ltiil
quarts in our small fruits and that the
value of the crop advanced nearly "i,
ooo.uiui, it is easy to see why the cost
of living increases among the sweets of
life us well ns among the more sub
stantial things thai man needs to go on.
A Voice In tho Night.
Business had del,'lined the master of
the house. Strictly speaking, it was
o'clock in the morning as lie softly
crept up the stairs, and everything was
culm and peaceful.
Carefully and noiselessly lie opened
the door of his bedroom and crossed
the threshold with the grace of an
Indian on the trail.
Unfortunately, however, the family
(rat was enjoying a well earned rest
on the rug by the bedside, and the
master of the household elected, under
a misapprehension, to deposit the
weight of his foot upon the feline's
Naturally, the feline uttered a shrill
and noisome complaint, piercing sounds
that awakened the mistress of the
house. This good lady sat up in -bed,
perturbed, but not at a loss.
"Frederick." she murmured, "don't
you think it's a trifle late to be sing
ing? The neighbors might complain,
Then Frederick nimbly ejected the
musical nuiuser and deftly slid between
According to Style.
During the Spanish-Americau war
the navy department, by way of a
graceful compliment to the great uni
versities, renamed two converted cruis
ers Harvard and Yale. Not long after
Commodore Dewey was asked what
new names should he conferred upon
two little Spanish gunboats that had
been captured in Philippine waters.
"Oh," said the commodore, "we'll just
call one the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology and the other the Pennsyl
vania College of Physicians aud Sur
He Stayed In.
Senator Bacon of Georgia passed a
constituent around the capitol for
awhile and then, having some work to
do on the tloor, conducted 111: visitor
to tin senate gallery. After an hour
or so the visitor approached a gallery
doorkeeper and said:
"My mime is Swate. 1 am a friend
of Senator Bacon. He brought me
here, and 1 want to go out and look
around a bit. 1 thought that I would
tell you so 1 can get back in."
"That's all right..'' said the doorkeep
er. "but I may not be here when you
return. In order 1o prevent any mis
take 1 will give you the password so
you can get your seat again."
"What's the world':
"1 guess I'll stay iu,'
He. too. became a lawyer, having been
admitted to the bar ufter four years in
a law ofllce. He later entered the
Methodist ministry and was ordained
In* 1805. He took up college work In
1905 r.s professor of literature and phi
losophy. was the Prohibition candidate
lor governor of Ohio lu 1005 and in
190S received the double honor of be
ing renominated for governor and
nominated for vice president,
Among the party's leaders are Rob
ert. Howard Patton of Springfield. 111..
Prohibition caudidate for governor oif
Illinois !n 1004.
Mauager Frohbert (to playwright*—
Your play is all right, but the title
"Uow would 'Tlte Mustard Plaster"
In Indiaua it is necessary for a man
seeki ig a marriage license to tell iu
the application if lie litis been married
before and. if so. what became of his
other wife or wives. One politician out
there desired to wax a trifle poetical
when he came to the question about
what became of his first wife and ho
"Gone to the grate: beyond."—Wash
ington Herald. •.
Grist From tlie Sport Mill
Si-.ty men were listed by Coach
Chester Brewer as "available ma
terial" in [preparing for the llil'J foot
ball season al the University of Mis
souri. For lie lirst time in years ail
tile ni'-u v, 1111 were wanted lor 1 lie
team are eligible, ami there has been
no trouble on that score.
Coach Brewer kept in touch with tlie
men and early in the season asked
them to begin getting in condition.
Among those who have returned to
school are Billy Blees, the crack lit
tle quartet-bark of last year, and
Woodward, the St. Iouis boy who
may beat ltlees out of his job this
year. lie is looked on as a "com
er," although lie made several costly
fumbles in games last year. It is his
guineiiess. though, which has impress
ed the football enthusiasts, as he nev
er lost heart after his mistakes.
Woodward has a good head and runs
back [units well. His tendency to fum
ble tlie ball is his only weakness, and
it is thought that constant practice
will overcome this weakness.
The loss of Hackney, the best player
who ever donued a Tiger football suit,
according to many, is not causing any
pessimism In the,Tiger camp. The
(plays were built up around Hackney
last year, aqd when he was put out of
I file game for the rest of the season by
torn ligaments ill his shoulder Brewer
had to change his whole style of play.
John lieilly, the former Georgetown
university athlete, now physical di
rector of the Kansas City Athletic
club, claims that i.ee Talbot, the for
mer Cornell champion weight thrower,
will be one of the leading heavyweight
wrestlers during tlie coming season.
Talbot weighs about 2,'!0 pounds.
Tell Berna is through with running.
He said so himself when he returned
to Cornell from New York and Kurope,
where lie had taken part in the Olym
pic games. The great Cornell runner
admitted that it was hard to quit, but
he decided to stop while he was win
ner. Besides, he wanted tip enter busi
ness right aw.iv.
F. E. Tenter, bowling with the Blue
Jays in a match game at Los Angeles,
achieved the remarkable feat recently
of making seventeen straight strikes,
scoring 300 iu one game and having
five strikes to start his second game,
which he finished with a score of 278.
All of his strikes were "pockets," none
having the earmark of a fluke.
John McFadden and Dr. W. W. Was
son have been added to the University
of Colorado coaching staff, according
to the announcement of General Man
ager Herman Weinberger. The em
ployment of two additional coaches
was recently authorized by the ath
McFadden will be assistant coach to
football, head coach in basket: ball and
YacK of Sheer JVonsense
Clerk—Your ad. reads. "Plain cook
wanted." They rather tight shy of
Subbubs—IIow shall 1 put it, then?
Clerk—I should say. "Woman want
ed to do plain cooking."
Subbubs—Change it. will youV Glad
you mentioned it. And. by file way.
instead of "woman" you'd better make
it "lady."—Boston Transcript:.
Mrs. Diplo—My husband and I never
dispute before our children. When
trouble comes up we send them out.
Kind Neiglilior Oh. that's why 1
see them on the streets so often.
He had written to the magazine edi
tor's daughter, asking if she could re
turn Ills love. "How careless of liitn."
she said, throwing the epistle in the
wastebasket. "He should have inclos
ed return postage."—Philadelphia Rec
1 he houn' dawg seems to have
worked well in politics."
"Yes 1 suppose some suffragette will
come forward now with a slogan about
a maltese cat."—Louisville Courier
Husband of militant suffragette (to
his secretary)—Take this note around
to my wife, please.
Secretary—Certainly, sir. At which
—er—jail is she stopping?—Harper's
assistant in track. During the past,
season .Mcf':ii|p|en undermined his
health by playing in a big football
game when sick with a fever ami a
had cold. He was compelled to drop
school before the end of tho lirst se
mester ami since ihat time has been
taking treatment at Denver.
The great fault with Vale's football
team last year was tho failure of the
backs to work consistently. Walter
Camp. Jr.. was tho only steady player
behind the line.
Because of this it is [positive that
I'lioto by American Press Association.
Walter Camp, Jr., Yale Star, Watching
a Forward Pass.
they will build the scoring machine
around him this ill.
Camp is a heady player who runs
strongly and is an adept at the use of
the stiff arm. lie lias worked hard to
perfect this most valuable asset and
can stop tacklors from either side with
George W. Lee. the rowing coach,
who prepared the representatives of
(.'rand itapids (Midi.) Boat and Canoe
club, which won seven races iu five
days at the tri-regatta at Peoria. 111., is
entitled to a place in the hall of fame,
if the rowing authorities ever organize
such an institution. I.ee put the Grand
Kapids club on the map. so to speak,
lie accomplished more iu the two
months in which lie coached the row
ing men than was ever credited to one
man in rowing.
Before I.ee began the arduous task
of turning out men lit to row against
the best amateurs iu tlie world he was
in charge of a lot of men who had
never accomplished anything in the
rowing line. He was in the midst of a
lot of young men who had never been
used to being "kept in line." aud be
cause of tills Lee had to overcome
many breaks in rules of discipline that
he framed when the club engaged him.
But his knowledge of the game and
perseverance enabled him to send to
Ihe races men who won eight firsts,
three seconds and one third. The club
won eight cups, six plagues, one ban
ner and sixteen medals.
THe Flight of Time.
must be a genius to he a siii'-
cessI'll 1 bather. o, reminded of the
tonsorial artist who operated In the
same viilage for fifty years and never
made a mistake. In his early days a
handsome boy got in his chair,
"Shave, sir'.-" asked the barber.
°n Hatter inc. Xo 1 cnu only use
a hair cut."
Years passed. In fact, thirty years
did. The same man came to the same
filair cut. sir'.'" asked the barber.
"You flatter me:" sighed tlie man.
"No: only a shave."—Cloveiiud Plain
"Pink, 1 afraid you are wasting
your time brushing my hat. I don't
seem to have anything smaller ihan a
ten dollar bill."
"I kin change dat all right, boss."
"Then you don't need the tip. So
.long. Pink."—Chicago Tribune.
Regular (to his landlady)—Who is
the uew bonrder?
"A detective. I think."
"What makes you think?"
"I saw him look under the top crust
of the mince pie."
They Come High.
"George, before we were married
you used to bring me flowers nearly
"Well. 1 can bring you flowers to
day, for that matter, but If I do 1*11
have to cut out the asparagus."—St.
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