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llitt Armed Intervention of the United States Has Once More Focused World's Attention on This Cen tral American Hotbed of Unrest. Some Interesting Facts and Comparisons of Area. TUltOl'fillthairebel periodical revolution. This time the armed intervention of the United States has put different aspect on the frequent uprisings with which that country has been blighted. More than dozen revolts of conse quence have beeti started In .Nica ragua within that many years, some ending in disaster to the rebels, while not a few cHused the downfall of the existing government In 1008 Zelaya was forced out as president of the republic, In I'JIO Madriv. went, in 1911 Estrada got his walking papers, while this year President Diaz has been the recipient of assistance from the United States government in an effort to retain bis seat. When Estrada relinquished the presidential chair and tied from Nica ragua it was hlj friend Adalfo Diaz wbo succeeded him as guardian of the troublesome republic. Many attempts have been made to straighten out the little country's af fairs, mostly of a diplomatic character, but the sending of almost 3,000 troops and several warships from this coun try was considered by many as being warning to dissatisfied Mcaraguau leaden. MILLIONS INVESTED THERE. Because of the nearness of the little republic to the Panama canal its im portance as an inviting country for the Investment of money has long been be yond dispute. Already millions of foreign capital are Invested in its re sources by foreigners, Including Amer icans. Although there are fewer foreigners In Nicaragua than In most of the other Central American coun tries, it has only been through foreign Influence that the country has advanc ed beyond Its civilization of a thousand years ago. To get the right conception of Nicu ragua the following comparisons and I facts will be of great assistance to those who have become sufficiently in terested in the recent disturbances to feel curious. There are only four square miles difference between the area of Nicaragua and the state of New York. Take Connecticut out of New England and Nicaragua will cov er the remainder of it. it is approxi mately half the size of the stale of Washington. To be exact, it covers 40,200 square miles, which is larger than Holland, Belgium and Denmark combined. It has a remarkable ex tent of coast line ou two oceans. On the Caribbean it reaches almost 300 miles due north and south. On the Pfcdllc It extends i!25 miles. Its great est width is 275 miles, or about the ®»***nce from Washington to New *®f*v ItB la#*t wldtl» HHI feSS Nicaragua, the Land of Revolt ...... W'' ,«l 1*V. the efforts of General Mena, the leader, Nica ragua. much harassed country, again was offered Its P^pP^^' li WMc Mr""'""!- iaafod .. .... &SaR I.eon, the historic and Interesting old capital, with (iil.000 inhabitants Mana gua, the present capital, with 40.0.10: Matagalpa, with 111,000 Granada, with 12,000, and several other towns of from 5.0fX) to 10.000. The principal port ou the Pacific side is Corinto. near the northern end. with only about 2,000 people. There is a railroad in Nicaragua, which starts at Corinto and runs to Managua and thence across to Ora nadu, on Lake Nicaragua, whi' is the largest Inland body of water in ail Latin America. OCCUPIED IN 1522. The coast of Nicaragua was sighted by Columbus as he sailed along the shore on his fourth voyage, in l."02 but he made no attempt at settlement. There was no occupation until ir22, when Oil Gonzalez Davila. sailing westward from Panama, careened his vessels on the shore for needed re pairs. While the work was going on Davlla and 100 of his men pushed tliolr way toward' the interior for explora tion. They encountered various Indian tribes, whose chiefs accepted the doc trines of Christianity as Davlla and his ecclesiastic presented them. The converts gave him considerable sums In gold. The llrst permanent settle nient was made at (Irauada. near the northern end of I.ake Nicaragua, in ir2,'!, Is 12T miles. .Ugh kas the smallest popula won or any Central American country, ^fe^PMpondingly capable of great flwJnSv opmeUt There .are only within its limits, and ,oc «ed ,w*- The eastern or by an expedition which sailed from Panama. The eastern part of Nicaragua is in habited almost entirely by Indians. This area is the long disputed Mos quito coast country, which has more than once threatened serious interna tional complications. Although grant ed by Spain about 1512 and again in 1570 for purposes of colonization, this strip remained as it was nt the time of its discovery until Ihe middle of the seventeenth century. The industrious buccaneers of that period used it as a base of operations for their attacks upon the Spanish galleons sailing from Cartagena aud Nombre de Dlos, laden with the riches of Peru. As many of these freebooters were Englishmen, the piratical enterprises led to a small Eng lish settlement on the Mosquito coast, in 1740 the English governor of Ja maica suggested a definite occupation as a nucleus movement which should drive Spain from the new world and throw the entire country into British possession. ALMOST CAU8ED BIG WAR. Steps were taken to carry this plan luto effect, but Spanish opposition pre- shinped annually Ran uui oyauwu upiiusmuu |ire towuU wESfcSSJ\lmUA lts oiueneias, utue south of the» between Spain and England continued HP ®8SF 3 i&Pi t* ----.* $' *. 'I?' -m w'"4 i#r4it I'liotos I'nio.il Slau.s ,i.ii-,ue.-i It .\.act ii.an Stales steam'-hip Dein 1-, iop rl :lu ii.y Waiden I-' •scene and iusurgenus, copyright by JJ. I. Hingley. 1—United States Marines. 3—United Statos Legation at Managua. 3—In surgents. 4—Unitod Stales Slcc.euhip Armpalie. 5—United States Steamship Denver. 6—Nicaragua!-. Market Scene. center, having o,i.i:in inhabitants, ll N :til the t.'. i::r:i• Ai l.l.sii miles from New Orleans and ::I'» lNl'l. •. en lb"ii K.IL miles from t'olon. The only other im portant p!ai-"s on this coast are Cn-y toun. at the soul/lorn point, with Inhabitants, near the mmith of Nan Juan river, which was to have been the course of the isthmian canal li' built through Nicaragua, and ''ape Gracias a l"ios, at the northern point. with only 1,500 people. On the popu- canal into aeti lated l'neltlc slope the chief cities are country. Kiig! al «"w«Bimatlon. The dispute tfjf I:—'..'- :':'. A ,:-^ :v .'/'• J?r Ki'i'ti 'WM "v A:T- VO! wr —^^-rj-.vv7- A & YM. C, V„„, 2» jf jC v- orra A: sori.ilion Liiitou t: Xl .'ani^uuu murUt! "l I he a'.'i,uis'oinn of California brought the i|U,s:ion of an isthmian consideration in this id's seizure of Grey town am! a liiile la'er of the bay of !'oiiseea on Tile l'aoilic coast led to the signing of the eotr. cntion known as the Cl.tviou-lSulwcr treaty. In It-UK) England recognized the sovereignty of Nicaragua over the Mosquito coast, ami In lSlt-l it was formally incorpo rated into Nicaragua as the depart ment of Zelaya. Native villages are scattered through the district, but the only places of any importance are the seaport towns of lUuctie'ds and (ireytown. Broadly sneaking, the Pacific side of the country, the real Nicaragua, con sists chiefly of two large lakes and a collection of hills and mountains. The country is particularly rich in volca noes. The most notable of these are Cosenuina and Momotombo, the for mer having a particularly bad record for its destructive activity in IS!.*. Lake Nicaragua is a sheet of water beautiful In its shore line and its sur roundings, of a little more than 100 miles in its great, st length and about forty miles in width. Lake Managua, perhaps no less beautiful than its nearby fellow, i.s about fifty miles in length by some twentv-tlve miles lu width. RESOURCES.OF REPUBLIC. Nicaragua is rich in natural resources and in industrial possibilities. Her for ests abound in valuable dyewoods and cabinet wool's. Like'her neighbors, she produces cofl'i oof superior quality. Sug ar is produced for local consumption anil might be grown for export if it eouh! be more economically traus poneil. Cocoa and rubber aud bananas are lines of industry which might be iu detinitely extended. Cotton is also among the possibilities. Cattle do well, and cattle raising is an important in dustry. Large claims are made fbr the mineral wealth of the country. Gold is found throughout a wide area, and the early Indians and the Spaniards of a later time secured it in considerable quantities by very crude methods. Sil ver,-copper, iron, tin and lead are also found in quantities which promise fair profit to those who will develop the mines. Keeent years have shown a good im provement in general trade conditions, although the commerce of the country is still small in its amount. The Im ports cf 1904 arc reported as ?3,202,2oS iu comparison with tf2.4tW.j4a in liioa. Exports for 1!X)!! are given as $3,222, 009. with increase to $.1.92.},920 in 1904. The United States takes a little more than half of the exports aud supplies a little more than half of the im ports. A QUEEN'S BIG APPETITE. Six Meal* a Day For Wilhelmina of Holland Called Injurious. Queen Wilhelmina at Holland is a big eater. On# of tlie quaen'* uwti physleuns has said: "As fur as I am abln to foresee. sha cannot remain In good health much longer. She eats uuil drinks so terri bly thai Cargantua himself would shrink before the ta.-k of making away with tin- repasts which ure serv ed her." On (Jueeti Wllhelmlna's recent visit to 1*JIris It is said that only one thins marred the occasion for her. This was that her time wa so fully taken up by re.-I'll!ions, st:ite visits a id the like Unit Jn-i" HK.-iil.s were interfered v.'ith. llouivrr, it is s.ii.'i in her favor that she never lost her (food Lemper and ac cepted her "privutions" with the sweet est of smiles ami the lies! of queenly good fine e. In tlii- uiorniuv tin.' ip:ecn immediate ly after rising taken a considerable quantity of eoll'ee with live slices of rye bread lilMTally spread with butter. At i(J o'clock she ea! again. Thi* time It Is rich cuke, served hot, with red wine or sweet white wine on the side. At o'clock she eats tier "tlrst bit meal" of the day. This is compos ed of several courses, mostly rich viands, heavy pastries, etc., the queen partaking ro.vally of each dish. Tea Is served at -1 o'clock, the tea lu in.y of the liusslan variety. Sandwiches yd with this. The most important meal of the day is served at S o'clock, this lH'int a writable banquet. Her tlnal repast, is partaken of at. 11 o'clock, just lwfore retiring, and is of white wine and crackers. lieef si rved hi i,',rli.sh fashion and letr ol' lamb, ri.ia.sted, are her predilec tion among- men is. First Picture Postal Card. In Nuremberg they have l^en mak ing arrangement- to celebrate the thir tieth anniversary of t!ie picture postal card with a congress and exposition tins year. Unfortunately tor their plans, however, says an exchange, it has been discovered that the tirst pic ture postal card was not made in nor mally or sent t'roai Nuremberg, nor was it born in lKSl'. as they have sup posed. The distinction of making aud mailing the llrst is now claimed by Leon Kesn'.mleaii, a bookseller of Sille lc-Gnillauuie, near Conlie, department of Sarth ". I'-rance. In .1S70, during the war with 1'russiu, he printed pictures on postal cards he was mailing to clients. M. Itesnardcau i.s still alive and there are um.iy of his old custom ers HI ri.-an revolt in •d did not aban- «Ion her ci:,i alili.,i -,'!i iier right to oeeiipaiio.' 's tlii,led by 1 lie new re-' publics :::,d by ihe I'l.iteil Stales. Tile -Miiai ion in IS l.s brought the United .State.- very ae.'.r to a eiasli with Kng laial. 'I he elose of tile Mexican war France who have the curds he mailed '.hem. The Uertnans adopted the :t!ea for the NutvmtH'i»' exposition in l\s:'. Circumstance. -M- a nmrwl at ilio inji-t's 't'lit Ho11, ..eii S"i'i, f-ie. laintl ini Nor t':.i Unit once, when ii:i .'.s were loaB, "I'v.as ync!.' th !t trnisht lifi" heart to riiii W '. I With CH.'^VUS IO\V HUT,111 W!U::-S. DAWN'S faint blush That yield r.o hint o. yeaii? ago When poverty hath .sped his bru^li. Yet 1. the Ghadowed eirr-umstancc. t^'.ill '.v.111 within ray dai-ktiiu sy. -\i,il pi-|rk men with a testing liinm To prove them more than common clay. Nautilus. Losing His Identity. Harold, age four, was going to kin dergarten. As his mother bade him goodb.v she said, "lie a good boy, Harold." He answered. "Oh, yes, mamma, I will be such a good boy and so nice and polite that there won't any body know whose boy I am."—Chicago Tribune. An Appeal to Reason. "Henry, here's a hair on your coat!" "Yes, dear. It's one of yours." "Hut It's a blond hair, and tuy hair is black." "I know, dear, but you must remem ber I haven't worn this coat before in a month."— Yonkers Statesman. Veiled Irony. Small Hoy (after golfer makes his sixth fruitless stroke)—If yer digs tip any wriggly worms can 1 'ave 'em. guv'nor, 'cos I'm goin' a-tlshiu'V Running No Risks. First Guide—How do you avoid be ing shot? Second Guide—Make myself look like a deer. 8eme Jeltisr. She—Why do you wish to know my age? He—I merely wish to know what age woman is really the fascinating.—Life. at Young men who have weight as well as speed are welcome at the colleges this season. Under the new football rules there i.s something of ft premium on avoirdupois, which set the coaches of the defense casting about for the UOU pounders. It beiutr generally agreed that the tackles will have harder work to do than last year. The leading coaches took very little rest after tin.* close of last season, and they ha*»e been busy working out the plans for the present season ever since the playing code was changed. Planning For 1913 Baseball Season. ltnseball managers are planning for next yeiir. Even in professional base bull every club has its weak spots, which sTaud out prominently after the last tight for the pennant takes place. It is no easy tusk to get a real line on the ability of a youngster In the spring. The men report at the training camps soft from several months' layoff and have to be nursed along until they get Into condition. Then, loo. some are what is known as "spring ball players." while otheiis get into shape so slowly that they du not show their true form until nl'ter they are sent back to some minor league club. In the early fall, however, every man should be at his best, ll is a much easier task at this time to classify the youngsters. Al though the minors have already sold many of their stars, the draft will probably be la rye, and there may lie more new faces than usual in the big tent in Praises American Fencers. Edward Sellgman, captain of the English Olympic fencing team, says: An Agoresjation of Absurdities Grist From the Sport Mill By STADIUM International Chess. Pln.v in the New York-Havana inter national clicks championship tourney will begin iu New York Nov. 30. The matches will be played four days each week, and after every contestant has encountered each of the others once an adjournment will be taken until Satur day, .Ian. 4, when the second half will o|X'U iu Havana. N»w Polo Cfiallengo Cup. The Marquis de Villavieja. who has done a great deal to promote polo in Spain, has presented to the Ilurllngham club of Loudon a new polo trophy, to lie known as the Century challenge eup. Its conditions are unique, being as follows: "Teams must be composed of players whose total age must either lie below loo years or atwve 200 years cup to remain the property of the llnr llnghaui club and the names of the winners to lie engraved on it." Eoxing In Salt Lake. Boxing contests fit' unlimited dura tion are permitted in Salt Lake City. Utah, by an ordnance passed recently by the city commission. The mana gers must certify that the contests are not prize lights and the chief of police may stop any match when it ceases to be an exhibition of skill. Before and After. I loved a pretty maiden. Sho was all the world to me. She had the rocks ami could darn socks So neat nnd prettily. 1 won that pretty maiden. Hut here fs iust the ub— Sho sp.ir.ds her roeksi: I darn the socks While she Is ttt the club. —Jud^e. Willing to Try. Florence tsighicgj Ah, Reginald. dearest, but how can 1 Lie sure that I .vou will not grow weary of me after we have been married a little while? Reginald don know unless we get married aud see. An Inheritance. Bacon—Did you ever notice how slow he moves? Egbert-Yes, he inherits that trait. His people were great chess players, you know—Yonkers States man. Force of Habit. First Life Guard-How did you res cue that New York girl? Second Life Guard-i yelled "Step lhely please!" and she walked ashore. Overheard. Westend-How a fresh coat of paint does brighten up any old object! East end—Yes Miss Passee, for instance Judge. 1 "In view of the publicity given hy the press to the methods of Amerl I can athletes I should like to place on record that. In the opinion of the Urltlsh fencing team and myself, it I would be impossible to meet more I courteous gentlemen or more loyal ad I versaries than the swordsmen hailing from the United States." Tips by a Football Expert. llere are some football maxims com piled by Coach "Hurry Up" Yost of the Michigan university: The rules say. "Keep one foot on the ground when making a tackle," but that does not mean Unit you should glow there. One man only is needed to carry the ball, but it is mighty hard going for him unless he is ubly assisted by Ills teammates. Do not get discouraged at strong op position. Keep up your courage and determination when the game seems to Fielding H. Yost, the Coach of Whom Michigan University Is Proud. lie going against you. The team tliar. has met and surmounted strong oppo siiion and difUculties is the team worth while. A universal rule for tackling- -never I let anything get away l'rom you. I Do not hesitate "go to it carry the tight into the enemy's country, Remember, It is not what you did in your last game ,or last year that is go ing to win today, but what you do now. You will get out of the game just about what you put into it. Play the game fair. You will have so much more confidence in yourself and far more enthusiasm for your work. The spirit of the contest is half the battle, so have plenty of spirit, but "no spirits." A man without courage and coiili dence is licked before the game begins. Not Entirely Correct. "if I give you a tdckel 1 sqppose you will spend it in the nearest saloon." said the philanthropic old lady. "No, ma'am," replied Thirsty Theo dore. "Here's one up in de next block wot gives de biggest schooner in de city fer a nickel."—Philadelphia Iiec ord. An Oversupply. "Have you hot and cold water in your new house?" "Too lunch of both." "What do you mean':" "When my wife is not pouring cold water on my plans she is keeping me In hot wa ter."—Baltimore American.- Starting Something. Rlobhs—1 saw the doctor stop at your house yesterday. Anything se rious? Slobbs—I should say so. He came to collect his bill.—Philadelphia Rec tal. Served With the Hash. First Boarder—The stir boarder has not paid a cent in the last three months. Second Boarder—Il'm! He ought to join a football team. First Boarder—A football team? Second Boarder—Sure! Isn't he a uTiarterbaok?