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,, JP W W :|p ir •_ ~"-1 &> ^isi A ®?1i lb i' When Mr. Henry Ford, who made about a third of the automobiles now being used, feels so sure that this business will continue to prosper that he is planning to give $10,000,000 to his employees as half of his company's profits for the present year, there is rea son for optimism ill the business world, think most of the newspapers. For, as the Brooklyn Eagle re marks, "men ike no such announcements, no such pledges, except, when the commercial atmosphere is tingling with the electrici ty of a coming boom." [t also seems to he the unani mous opinion of the press that Mi*. Ford is being very generous, and that, his em ployees should le very grateful. Beyond this, everything connected with the cutting of this Ford melon brings flirth at least, two opinions from the in terested editors. According to some, we have here the most splendid example of profit-sharing that lias ever been shown. According to others, it is not) profit-shar ing at all. One paper tells the Ford workmen that they have received "the charter of a new industrial free dom." Another informs them that they are going to be spoiled by a too benev olent and over-watchful paternalism. We hear from one side that the Ford com pany's example is sure to be followed by its competi tors to the great benefit of the automobile industry, while we learn from anoth er direction that peculiar conditions make such a plan practicable in the Ford plant, and that imitation elsewhere would be imposs ible or disastrous. Some writers speak of which ^^UMVWWWNWM $10,000,000 Profit Henry K.ml is kn..wi, til.- Mr. world over as peaceful and scientific, revolutioner. He has changed I lie world of manufacture. lie has created a car without an equal. By scientific meth ods he has placed the car on the market, at a price that no other concern has been able to name, and is now willing to share his profit among 22,000 labor ing men. The following are a few facts appearing in the Literary Digest: the good will ultimately ac crue from the to Ford labor and scheme to business in general, and of the pi Qjec- tor' wisdom and foresight. Others predict serious labor disturbances and with The Wall Street Journal de^ clare that Henry Ford"has in his social endeavo«" com mitted economic blunders, if not crimes," which''may return to plague him and the industry he represents, as well as organized socie ty." William O. Redfield, Secretary of Commerce, himself a manufacturer, looks upon the Ford plan as a valuable "sociäl ad-' nh•* J..I». •rente an intelligent, con structive discontent among wage-earners in general and futher, "that in so far as it produces these effects it will be a blessing to the whole country." From this multitude of counsel we turn to the com pany's brief official state ment of the few essential facts appearing in the New York Evening Sun: 'Our company has now doubled wages. We have estimated the earnings for the coming year and are dividing as we go—or, in other words, as we earn it during the year—$10,(KM), 000. It will be in the pay envelop semimonthly. Our firm belief is that he division of earnings be tween capital and labor is not fair, and that a Other accounts of the Ford project tell of a socio logical department to see how the men spend their new wealth, and of various other interesting details, which can not be touched on here. While the gener al policy is said to be per manent, the plan in detail is described by officers of the Ford company as an experiment for one year. The program begins, notes a writer in the New ork American, with an act, of absolute iustice: u£t fixes the hours of a day's work at eight, in stead of nine, and as its factories are in continuous operation, works three shifts daily, tyr. Ford ex presses pleasure that this system enables him to give employment to several thousand more men. "But it does more. It NUMKWMW ""«r Mitrhrll,! adv iiiccs the movement fur »lit -h IH'ixligiou.-tly, «•»•plojw. ropresontati vc of organic- accompamea by a he ed labor, thinks that r. I supervision" of Ford's proposition "will their well-being, is a prove of great value hinan- IS continues is entitled to a greater share. We desire to express our belief in some practical way, and have therefore adopted this plan. it means in substance that no man over twenty two years of age will receive less than $f for eight hours' work. Others will be com pensated in relation to their value, using the $5 per day as the minimum. "Whatever future plans we make are dependent up on conditions, but we hope to be able to make a furth er distribution at the end of the year after having laid aside proper amounts for the dividends, exten sion and the construction of assembly plants through out the country. "This is not a plan for any other concern but ours, but we are in hopes that other employers will recog nize the unequal distribu tion of earnings and endeav or in their own way to make a better division." «lay I lie distribution of £10,-1 the Konl plant jOOi 1,000 annually a inung 122,000 workmen—salaried »re i,»t inrli I a a cia 11y, intellectually, and tlian that, socially to those in'medi ahely in interest and will |d«l rlei*.' more the New York World: "It is a step toward the stewardship of industrial welfare on the part of em ployers of an interesting and significant kind, tn effect, the Ford Company has made its workmen stockholders in the great enterprise they have helped to create. It has, as it were, capitalized labor, making every worker in its employ a beneficiary in the collective proceeds of his work over and above Iiis wage leturns. "All this evidences a recognition of capital's im plied obligations to labor, which is greatly to the credit of the company. The Ford employees, in deed, have received the charter of a new industrial freedom. Will the plan serve as a pattern for im itation by other employers? Its test, of course, will come in the lean years when profits decline. But it is none the less a sti ik ing exemplification of new policies in the world of in dustry.'' If successful, the Ford example, thinks the New York Globe, will be much imitated: 'The big corporation has opened the way to a diffu sion of ownership. The big corporations are now owned by 3,000,000 persons, whereas twenty years ago the property they represent was owned by less than 300,000. Profit-sharing op ens the way to further wealth diffusion, and holds out the hope of retaining the economic benefits that flow from expert, concen trated management, while securing a juster. division of the social product. Thus there will be the advantag es without the disadvant ages of a socialistic regime. "To give profit-sharii a great impetus in this country that is needed is for some large business institution to do well with it. The large employers of America would welcome an opportunity to divide profits if thereby wages should become elastic. It is possible that the Ford experiment will lead to im portant results." But the Detroit Free Press, in Mr. Ford's- home city, while praising the manufac turer's "magnificent deed," doubts if his competitors will be able to follow suit. Some of these other manufacturers have been quoted as wonder ing whether Mr. Ford wasn't taking a long look ahead with the idea of insuring himself against possible labor troubles, and they credit him with fore seeing that the extra efficien cy of his workmen may fully repay liimxt I'ress, taking their viewpoint, observes that while "the piek! a a a "other plants cannot meet the price. In the automobile business none other has so low a proportion of labor per unit of output, and what is possible for .Mr. Ford's company Would spell speedy bankruptcy for most of his competitors. They have not the margin of profit in their operation that will enable them to appropriate so much for their pay-roll." Among those less enthusias tic over the Ford plan is the New York Sun, which asks: "is sweeping worth $" a day, and can any program of in dustrial justice be found on an economic contradiction?'' Ivxeept for the concrete bene fits derived by the employees affected. the New York Journal of Commerce can .see no signiIlea nee in the inci dent, "unless it be that of causing dissatisfaction among less fortunate bodies of labor ers' In this connection it might be noted that the Ford grounds are being besieged by many hundred men seek ing employment. So the New York Times looks for "serious disturbance in 1,11e automobile im lusty labor market.'' "The Ford Company can not hire all the men, yet there will be unrest and dissat isfac- ,, ion in the shops of other camp enough, a in! condition peace cannot be lookei until the equilibrium how restored." The Times editorial con cludes in this note of dubiety "We think the weight opinion will decidedly incline phccics of certain failures for an experment so manifestly based upon a vision of uni versal human uplift through a single yen tu re in the held of beneficence." Jack But praises your new house. He admires the arrangement of the rooms. He sends pleasant, little thrills up and down your spine as he compliments the general design. "But," he adds, just before he turns away, "I've just got to tell you that you've faced it the wrong way. You've built the whole thing back ward. It will be a thorn in your flesh every time the sun goes down and every time it rises. You- won't live in it ten years—not five. You'll get too sick of it." And Jack says a And The Free ypz A cheery goodby. Have you met the But family? Oh, they live in your block! Oh, indeed? They are members of our church. I am so glad you like them! —Bev. Robert J. Burdette in Loa Angeles Times. k,j r. to the side of doubt or to pro- salads are a favorite dish with a I a a -l 1 W. F. CARUSHRU. Ford Agent. THE BUT FAMILY. Its Members Are Numerous and Will Have Their Little Say. 1 wonder why it is that some per sons who are slaves lo "dootv" nev er have any pleasant duties to per form never feel it absolutely in cumbent upon themselves to seek you out and say something to your face that is pleasant all the way through, without any stinging qualifications: never feel moved by irresistible impulse to do some thing for you that is genuinely pleasant, without any bitter condi tion "I want to tell you," says Mr. But, stopping you in the street that passersby may share your modest pleasure, "how much* 1 admired your poem on 'Peace' in the Dum dum Magazine. It was virile and gentle, graceful and convincing. But I must tell you as a friend that I have heard some of the critics saying that it was too much like Grimsby's 'Ode to War' in last month's Slugger to be merely a co incidence. They point out that the second stanza was plagiarized." GRANT'S INFORMALITY. it Ra ier Jolted tne Dignity of the New Danish Mirvster. Writing in 1 i.itjivr'.- MaLiazi'iv. HIP. l)O legvnu'.mi-1.imli-nriimr gives an a musing a' count "1 in* informal way in wim-li her hiili:tml. the Danish 'minister. »n-vvi',vl by President Grant al 1 lie White I louse. "1 have had my 'audience' (Jo hail ealls it an •audience I call it a 'call on Mrs. 1'residcnt Grant at the White House'). There was nothing formal or formidable about it. Mrs. Grant and 1 sat on the sofa together and talked generali ties. Johan could not tell me what to expect, lie said his audience with the president had been a sur prise, unprecedented by anything he had ever seen. "As it was his first post as minis ter he had pictured to himself that it would be somewhat like the cere monies abroad—very solemn and impressive. Of course he was in his red gala uniform, with all his deco rations. A hired landau brought him to the steps of the White House, which he mounted with con scious dignity. His written speech, nicely folded, he carried in his hand, hi Europe there would have been a crowd of gorgeous chamberlains to receive him, but here he found a negro, who, on seeing him, hurried ly donned a coat and, with an en couraging wave of Iiis hand, said, 'Come right here, sir.' "'Johan was shown into a room and waited with patience until the pres ident and Hamilton l-'isli came in. Mr. Grant was dres.-ed in a gray walking suit and wore a colored tie, and Hamilton Fish, secretary of state, had evidently just come in from a walk, as his turned up trou sers signified. "Johan read Iiis speech, and the president answered by rending, with some diilieulty. a paper which Mr. Fish handed to liiin at the last mo moilt. After this exchange of f'or malities .Johan shook hands with the president, and without further ceremony he left the room, the door this time being opened by a white servant in black clot lies. Mr. a 1 Strikes are liki-lv ,„ ,n, 1 that the weather was line." The Queerest Salad, A gourmet as he mixed a salad of chicory said: '"The world's queer -.'st salad, and possibly its most de- some- unions one, is eaten "by the hunts of northwest Greenland. It. is salad o! undigested moss from the stomach of a fresh killed reindeer, a bitter, sharp, stimulating salad, of'as good for the digestion as an electrical massage. The I noils live almost exclusively on lisli hence a a i- i a a a a a a .- 1 I a a I a a •y say iicv tight Big Beds. Our ancestors would have had small respect for the modern single bed. We all know their old four posters with their ample room to spread, but these were quite cramp ing in comparison with some of the really big beds of the world. The great carved oak bed of the Sara cen inn, at Ware, England, now a curiosity 'of liyehouse, in Hertford shire, measures twelve feet square and can hold four people comfort ably. But no one on record seems to have wanted so much night room as Og, king of Baslian, whose iron bedstead had an area of 150 square feet and was eighteen and three quarter feet long and eight feet wide.—London Saturday Review. Character. My character today is, for the most part, simply the resultant of all the thoughts 1 have ever had, of all the feelings I have ever cher ished and all the deeds I have ever performed. It is the entirety of my previous years packed and crystalliz ed into the present moment, so that character is the quintessence of bi ography, so that anybody who knows my character-*—and there is no keep ing character under cover—knows what for forty or more years I have been doing and been thinking. Character is for the most part sim ply habit become fixed. Rev Charles H. Park hurst. Advice to Hi* Doctor. M. de Calonne, one of the last ministers of finance of Louis XVI., in his last illness asked for a pencil and wrote down the following words for the benefit of the doctor who at tended him: "Docteur, vous m'avez assassine! Si vous etes un honnete hornine, renoncez a la medicine pour jamais" (Doctor, you have murder ed me. If you are an honest man, give up the practice of medicine forever). A a/ CASTOR IA For Infants and Children. The Kind You Have Always Bought Bears the Signature of F. J. 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