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The Sisseton weekly standard. (Sisseton, Roberts County, S.D.) 1892-1929, July 02, 1915, Image 3

Image and text provided by South Dakota State Historical Society – State Archives

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn99062049/1915-07-02/ed-1/seq-3/

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Independence Day
By JOHN PIERPONT
Day of glory, welcome day,
Freedom's banners greet thy ray
See how cheerfully they play
With thy morning breeze
On the rocks where pilgrims kneel'd,
On the heights where squadrons
wheel'd,
When a tyrant's thunder peal'd
O'er the trembling seas.
God of peace, whose spirit fills
All the echoes of our hills,
All the murmurs of our rills.
Now the storm is o'er.
Oh, let freemen be our sons,
And let future Washingtons
Rise to lead their valiant ones
Till there's war no more.
By the patriot's hallowed rest,
By the warrior's gory breast,
Never let our craves be press'd
By a desfot's throne.
By the pilgrir.-s' toils and cares,
By their battles and their prayers,
By their ashes let our heirs
Bow to tlice alone!
1
7
Old Glory
1- i,
fet.
*%&>• v~. X*. -V:
FOURTH OF JULY ADVICE
BY WASHINGTON.
(In his address to the governors of
the states, June S, UM]
There are four things which I
humbly conceive are essential to
the wel! being—I may even ven
ture to say to the existence—of
the United States as an inde•
pendent power:
*i
First, an indissoluble union
of the states under one federal
Fourthly, the prevalence of
that pacific and friendly disposi
tion among the people of the
United States which will induce
them to forgot the!'' local preju
dices and policies, to make those
mutual concessions which are
requisite to the general prosper
ity and in some instances to
sacrifice their individual advan
tages to the interest of the com
munity.
S
Key, author of "The liberty, it
li
If
By O. ß. BRLUER.
Copyright. 1915. by American Press Association.
AM filled with exultation
On the birthday of the nation
When I hear again the ever stirring
story
Of the colonists so loyal.
Who renounced a ruler royal
And above a land of freedom raised
When the band in lively manner
Plays the old "Star Spangled Ban
ner"
And the flags on every hand are
gayly waving
I am thrilled by patriotic
Sentiments almost exotic,
And it might be said my joy ap
proaches raving.
Y"ET I fear you'll call it treason
If you do not like my reason.
Such things don't command so mtic'-i
of my devotion
As a certain very pretty,
Very charming, very witty
Girl, who throws my heart into a
great commotion.
She's a patriotic maiden.
See, her arms with flags are la
den,
And she surely sets my fancy in a
whirl.
Freedom—ah We fight to win it
But I'd give mine any minute
To my most alluring Fourth of July
girl
:.Vv.,
»-»•}.:
This is an especially appropriate time
to de,i I wi It this matter. The Fourth
of July is approaching Independence

1
1KI11H
Wrote Only Old Glory's Song. 1 he joyous
Francis
Star Spangled Kanner," wrote only one J'»r the celebration of day.—Salt 1*1
ke
famous poem, but Its fame is such as Tribune.
to insure his lasting place in the re- Parents who have boys who have a
membrane? of the patriotic American fondness for explosives, toy pistols and
people.
In
I!o was born in 17S0 nnd died
day which is a day of blood and
slaughter throughout the land, in the
liberty. Scores arc killed bv
gunpowder accidents on that day and
hundreds wounded ut that day and in youngsters.
•brations of the dawn of
a fearful price to pay
blank cartridges should study the sta
tistics of the annual tragedy and keep
their tlesh and blood out of the holo
caust.
Also—
Dealers in tireworks should study the
figures in connection with the laws
regulating the use of firearms and ex
plosives and realize the risk they run.
And
'ity councils should prepare to en
force ordinances already passed and to
revise and bring up to date the laws
respecting the sale and use of explo
sives on the day we celebrate.
The Chinese method of American cel
ebration is entirely too costly.—Wilkes
barre Leader.
MAKING ROMAN CANDLES.
Many Ingredients Enter Into Composi
tion of Popular Fireworks.
The process by which the ronmn
candles are turned out may give a gen
eral idea of the construction of pyro
technics. The tubes of roman candles
are merely layers of paper rolled in
shape by hand, each layer being glued
to the others. They are made in all
lengths and sizes, from the tiny one
that splutters out but two stars to the
one which holds thirty stars in its yard
long length. When the tubes have
been finished one end is plugged with
clay, and then the process of loading
begins. A bit. of slow burning powder
is first placed in the tube, then a star,
then more powder, etc.. until the tube
has been charged with the required
number of stars A bit of the same
slow burning powder is sprinkled on
the last star a fuse is then inserted
and the end seated. The loading is not
done by hand that process is too slow
Twenty-four empty tubes are stood
upright hi a vertical frame, and into
them the powder and stars a:e alter
I natel k'!'ic, an ingenious media
nism. Then twenty-four steel rumin.
)i an!y prors the ch:i :es in place.
P.ojnbsbolls are mnde of papier macho.
I The spheres are mo'ded in halves and
arc then joined by g'ue. After the
glue lias set he glohe are wound with
stout wine.
Pmwl'eels, like other playthings,
must needs look pretty in order to sell
well, and the bright colors and fancv
path rns put upon them by the deft
lingers of women.
An American Patriot's Work.
A striking il!utr :tion of the chance*
fif war is found in the fad that the
S American army at Cambridge during
the war of the Revolution would have
been left without ammunition, but lor
the provision of .lohn I'.rown. a tner
chant of Providence. !.. nnd one ot
I the family who gave name to the uni
vcrsity at the place. IJrown was a
very wealthy merchant and was the
first of the IUiode Island merchants to
send hi.s ships to China ami the East
Indies. Anticipating the war. he in
stmetod his captains on the return voy
age to load their ships with powder,
which he furnished to the army when
its supply had been restricted to less
than four rounds to each man.
E S I S S E O N W E E S A N A
DEFENDERS OF THE FOURTH
LA
S I S 1 1 1 1 1 1 I S 1 I 1 0
"May the service united ne'er sever, but hold to their colors so true.
The Army and Navy forever, three cheers for the red, white and Liue!"
Arguments For
The Sane Fourth
Some people, when Hie Fourth of
July rolls round, demand a firecracker
MS big as a neck yoke.—Juliet News.
The Fourth of July was not estab
lished us a holiday for foolishness,
murder and conflagration, but as an
oeeasion whereupon the people might,
show their sense and titness for the en
,jo\ nx-nt of liberty, peace and prosper
ii
Secondly, a sacred regard to
public justice.
Thirdly, the adoption of a
proper peace establishment, and,
ity.
Amusing Children
On the Fourth
In many families or circles of friends
1 where there are children a Fourth of
July picnic is an annual frolic. It
keeps the children out of harm's way.
A bought t'ul mother last year pur
chased ten cent wicker baskets with
handles, and into these she packed
1
Let's be thoroughly American and
have a sensible Fourth of July. Let us
have more patriotism than fireworks,
more happiness in life than trouble
over injuries and sorrow over death.—
St. Louis Republic.
twelve individual luncheons. The ban
dies were tied together with red, white
sind blue ribbons, and each basket was
labeled with a patriotic postal, mi
which the owner's name was printed
with red and blue crayons.
Another family in which there is a
host of lively children will take on
their picnic several rolls of red, while
and blue crape paper, a paper of pins,
a pair of scissors, a dozen or more toy
swords and guns, along with the many
good things to eat. Later in the after
noon the clever lingers of an ingenious
older sister will convert these niatcri
als into military out Iiis epaulets, caps,
etc.— to make a patriotic litile army of
"Surprise pies" are not new or novel:
si ill wlien hey are presented in some
new guise they never fail to please. A
gigantic firecracker can caily be made
by using a full sized sheet of paste
board tolled into a cylinder Covet
this with two sheets ,| smooth red
paper, having a pie of string show
ing at the end to represent a fuse
Have both ends of the cracker covered
with a thin layer of paper and through
sm:ill slits linvo rm Ii LT SI rings lk
NEWS OF THE DECLARATION.
Not Considered Important Enough For
Newspaper's First Page.
In regard to the proclamation and
publication of the I Jeclaration of Inde
pendence «meaning the document itself'
it must be noted that il was intended
for the world at large rather than the
colonists. The I »eclaraIi-m of Inde
pendence—that is. the formal ivsolu
tion of the Continental congress of
severance of allegiance from the moth
er country—was adopted July 'J aftei
having been much debuted (principally
in committee of the whole, P.enjamin
Ha' on in the chain from June 7.
when it was offered by Richard Henry
Lee. The fact that it was passed as
published in the Pennsylvania laxel le
of July I'ew things show the differ
ence in temperament of newspapers
and public as regards "i,ews" as does
the fact that 1 great Declaration.
which initiated the mol profound po
litical change in the ount,y made
all the member:- of the congress traitors
in the eye of P.ritish law, was not an
noiineed on th" front page, but was
printed on an inside page, without
comment or special display, except that
a portion of the resolution was put in
capitals.
The first publication of the text o?
the Declaration was in Towne's Penn
sylvania livening Po of July and.
as has often been remarked, on the
page facing the stateni. nt that all men
are endowed "with liberty" is an ad
vertisement of a negro hoy for sale.
four or live yars old. who "has had
smallpox and measles." it js also
worth noting that in the engrossed
Declaration the spelling is "unite
States." not 'Tinted States."
July 4 In Ante• prohibition Days.
One of the ear:lesi genuine fourth
of July celebrations e' er recorded that
at Imlependoive hail. Philadelphia, in
is chronicled b\ 'hrislopher Mar
shall in his diary "f the American Rev
olution. It is a graphic sketch, if not
a lovely one:
"July I: 'omniehi tnent began at
Philadelphia College this forenoon, at
which many attended. This be
ing the anniversary of our freedom
from Knglisli bondage, sundry vessels
saluted the town. The company
of Artillery and the Invaders' Regj
ment marched to the Slate House.
where the Congress. President of the
State and Coiindl with a number of
officers attended: bell ringing, guns fir
ing till the evening, and until numbers
were so drunk as to reel home."
It was a wonder any Independence
hall was left. Perhaps on account of
that very tendency to irresponsible
drunkenness and equally irresponsible
gunfire the more intelligent classes re
frained from encouraging celebrations
of the Fourth at the statehouse.
/V'V
OLD GLORY.
THEWas
star spanglud banner!
ever flay so beautiful
Did ever- flag t-o I,.I the suuls of
men? The love a*, wouvin, the
sense ot due/, vhe thirst for
glory, the heart throooing that
impels 3 hu n-.h.e.i American
to stand by his colors, leaders tn
the detense OT IM., r.u'.ive sol i-nd
holding *t c-wer-t t_ die tor it
the yearning which cirawj him
to it wen CM'V t'om it. its free
in *.titutior.a n:l its blessed
memories, ULL ÜTJ embodied .oid
symbol- cby ihu bro..ci r,pes
ar.d brie i,t st.i rs el the nation's
cmbicm, .ill i.ve again in tha hnc-s
and tores of A uy': anthem. Two
or three began the sooj mil
lions join the chorus.— Henr
Wattori.on, VJ98.
The Fathers of Our Country,
This da\ every nam and woman in
our country should t"p long ehoti-Ji to
call up t'oiii the past he hoilgiil und
purpose of our fathers in putting to
gt [her the structure of a n. vv nation.
V'e shouii! close our eyes and dw, i! lie
otttly upon the pure patriotism which
burned in their bosoms like a steady
lire in the darkness
We should put ourselves ill their
pl tees, think their thoughts indulge
their hopes, experience their fears, suf
fer their hardships and endeavor to see
with their anxious eyes the way up
which liberty and law. justice and or
der shall go side by side with efpial
»"1
ribl.ons minrlivd h, tin- jril'ts inside, I freedom nnd fraternity nnd ennobling
__ with their dignity nnd discipline the
''v™ slop, lilpsslng wilh their
of
S a
&
Y,
",ank""L"
MM
'&
A'
V/h'.r,' li! ?rty ho ds sway
From ikxs:i ... :t cve.tn
And lar l.uyirid I lie seas
Its notes ri11 dc.i.-uice
Are borne by ever/ breeze.
The ora'ors arj telling
1 i'.'.- 1 r.f iiic land
Th:it tiie front tf nations
No-.v boldly makes it, stand,
And eloquent are tributes
They to their country pay
And ronsing arc the plaudits
On Freedom's na'.ai day
From early dawn till midnight
There's nsla it ju'.i te
Through all the broad dominions
That spread from sea to sea,
For 'tis on this occasion
All patriots are gay
And join in celebration
Of Freedom's natal day
mm
:PK can be little doubt that the most magnificent celebration of the
1'curth at Independence hall. Philadelphia, was in I he Centennial
year. IST'I
The day. marking the hundredth anniversary of the nation's birth,
was as impressive as the whole resources of the nation and the com munitv
could make it. The world contributed its thousands of spe, tators fr-un its
most distant continents, assembled to visit the great Centennial exposition.
IMchanl Henry I.ee. grandson of one of the signers, read to an enthusiastic
assemblage in Independence s.piare the e. laration from the original manu
script 'something which, with that sacred manuscript sealed in it safe in the
state department library in Washington, can never ocetir again.
varts delivered the oration, and the heroic de by P.ayard Tay
in honor of the anniversary was read. In literal truth, on that Fourth of
July the attention of the whole world was centered upon Independence hall.
The night saw a gorgeous display of tireworks.
I Siti'-e that time the growth of sentiment and understanding as to the phce
less treasure of the old statehouse in Philadelphia has been rapid. The ceie- stead of (ryi
bralion.' of the rourth in the city of the signing have included addressee by
such distinguished men as presidents of the I'liiled Stales. The city itself.
removing its private goods and chattels and coutu-ilmen and policemen to the
ci'y hall, has devoted the statehouse to its just honors and such formal ob- by k* ro'
servunces as, instituted on a large scale in the early nineties, have been well pref. r.
maintained ever since.

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The Glorious Fourth
By THEODORE H. BOICE
The starry flag waves greeting
To Freedom's na al day
lt 11 -pies out with £!ory
Wherever bixtzus [.lay
It float: iii stately beauty
Mid a.cii i.c ai.il snow
Through ail I he zones i! fhitters
And gems th:: tro ii- |:low
The !e streams in trin.' ph
Its weko.ue to the day
And t: -reads its wiiifcs exu tant
I'.iM
I /•-, t)
/.N
Scientific
Farming
I
FIGHTING THE CHINCH BUG.
Checking an Advance of 3ugs In Wheat
or Corn Field.
I Prepared by the Vniteil Stales depart
ment iff agriculture. 1
The seriousness of the devastations
1
of the chiiieh bug varies greatly from
year to year, ehietly on account of
uher conditions. In some years
the inroads made upon the wlieat
and corn crops have been very seri
ous. If the light against the post is
started late in winter or very early
spring the burning of waste vegetation
is recommended by the United States
depart tnent of agriculture as the most
satisfactory control. If the elimination
of the chinch bug is delayed until har
vest time some form of barrier is prac­
tical. It is said indeed that if it were
not for an occasional season of heavy
rains at the rigid time the chinch bug
would make it altogether unprofitable
to raise grain year after year on the
same areas. Drenching rains during
the hatching season always prove fa
tal to the fning. and such wet periods
arc snllicitMitly frequent to keep the
numbers of the i*ists within bounds.
The two forms of the chinch bug are
known respectively as the long wing
and the short wing. The short winged
form occurs along the seacoast and in
land along the lower hikes to northern
Illinois. The long winged form is
found all over the country east of the
Kocky mountains and is especially
IMi KlUNH TIIK J'lUMiKKHS OF CIIINCJI JUWJB.
abundant in the middle west, the see
tion which sul' ers the most from the
chinch bug.
The long winged chinch bug has two
generations a year, while It is doubt
ful whether the short wing has one or
two. The adult insects pass the winter
under clumps of broornsedge, matted
grass, leaves or in fact any convenient
form of waste vegetation, from which
they emerge in the spring to deposit
their eggs In nearby grain fields. When
the young hatch from the eggs they
cluster upon the plants and begin at
once to feed upon the Juices. Shortly
after midsummer I his first generation
have become adults and deposit their
eggs in turn. When these eggs are
hatched the young fasten un corn, mil
let. Ka(!ir ami similar crops.
To control the pest, therefore, the
department of agriculture recommends
I in the first place the cleaning tip of all
fence rows and roadsides and the burn
ing during winter of grass and rubbish
about tin? farm. This not only de
si roys large numbers of the bugs, but
deprives I hem of shelter through the
I winter, so that where he work is thor
oughly done comparatively few will
survive to the breeding season. In the
fall or spring green or wet grass will
shelter a certain proportion of lhe hugs
from the fire, so It Is important that
the burning be done in the earl win
ter.
Where this precaution has been neg
li' led or where the negligence of a.
neighbor has exposed a farmer to loss
Ihroiigh no fault of his own. there may
be about midsummer a gl migration
of tin- bugs fro11• the wheat to the corn
held. This pre? nts another favorable
opportunity to destroy the |ests. Vari
ous kinds of barriers are in use to turn
the invading army aside. Due of the
nee! -y these is said to be
I he al ir line supplemented with
po-'t holes. The hu "s will not cross the
'*aI tar and. moving along the line of
the bariier. f:dl or are crowded by oth
cr bugs inl-• the post holes, where they
can be killed at will. As the bugs mass
along 1 he line of ..al lar they present:
'an appearance not unlike a reddish
•brown re .in running into tie post
holes. This m. ho! has been found
thoroughly practical. It Is important,
howeve e-peeii'^y in dusty w« at her.
to keep he co 'r line fresh, for as
soon as it i- eov.-rcd with dirt, the bugs
'"in pa-x over it without di:!iculiy. Jf
1
coal t:ir is not available petroleum or
f"ad oil may 1-e substituted.
Another method is to plow a furrow
around the I c!d to be protected with a
side so sp ep I hat the bugs cannot
crawl out of it. In the case of showery
weather, when tlie sides the fum-v.
cannot be kep loose ai.d .Ir\. the hot
O
can be i!: 1 ..lit with a shuvei.
I making the sides more perpendicular
land the bottom smoother. The bug*
will then follow along the bottom in
to climb out of the fur
row. and if holes an* dug at Intervals
of thiv! r? f'-e? the pests will
fall into ':e\: -m an th--n be killed
co"I far line is prob
furrow except in
exceptionally dry. windy

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