FRIEND OF PEACE
Says Militarist Movement Is
John Brisben Walker, President of So
ciety, Points Out That Militarism
Would Accomplish the Downfall ok
Democratic Institutions ar.d Says
Now Is Time For People to Protest.
Charges that. the manufacturers of
inil war munitions are bark of
1 movement to tuakv this a
militarist government arc made by
join» Prisbeii Walker. president of the
Friends til I'eace.
Mr. Walker asset is that I he milila- I
i-jsl movement is I thinly co\ ered tin
der ihe "prepa red ncss" plea rn-w going
the rounds of the press ami that il the
scheme succeeds il will mean the,
downfall of our democracy. Mr. \\al
leer's slat- !. et:t is as follows:
•To the Press of t!)i' ited States
"Hditoria.s aid i«ev»s items are a
in ninny ni'ws|i:i|ii'vs «liii'li
sccli t.i ilivi'1-1 tin* juilutnviil "V till
puhlir from I hi' Ml issues tu In1 ilf-!
liMtci] ill I ill' iiiitii'ii.il i-*ui\ viii itin of I In?
l''rii'iuls of IVni'i'. 111 In* lu in hi-!
cagu on Sept. •. 1
"As 1 liuve iivri'iilcd tliv inviliiiinn of
I lie seven nrgilhiz:!! ions wlliell .'li 'III
hii.vd niuU'f I he n.'imi' uV the I'vii'tids
ilf l'l'Mee 1u ,-iE't lis hiiinu.in of till' tui
tion I eninmitte e.'lllillg the eunvvlltillll
1 ask the privilege uf luicfly staling
luv l'easmis for iivtiou at 1 his time.
Says interests Are at Work.
"I am convinced that tin great inter
ests wliicli have found extraordinary
profits in furnishing battleships, armor
and powder to the United States and
Europe, are seriously at work to foist
upon the American people a great mil
itary Institution under the plea of
"preparedness." I believe that mili
tarism, if added to the monetary con
trol already exercised, will sooner or
latter accomplish the downfall of dem
ocratic institutions. If there ever was
a time when it was necessary to awak
en the people to the dangers of mili
tarism it is now. And with so many
of the leading papers sympathetic with
the interests of these great fortunes,
anxlous_to ridicule, misrepresent or de-
nounee, this is a dillieult tak.
"Tin» monetary control of tlie I idled
States hy 1 he aggregation of capital
centering in New York i.-. now nearly
absolute. Iireetl.v or indirectly, it cov
ers every portion of every state in the
Vnion. 1 have visited nearly every
leading city on I he cunt incut within lie
past live years, and my studies there
force me to the conviction that this is
"It is the interest of this control to
bring the country under militarism for
two reasons. First, with a view to the
immense profits in supplying hattle
ships. powder, etc. second, to keep the
people agitated over questions outside
of existing social conditions, even if it
should IH-come necessary to 1 hrow a
country into war, as in Ktigland. where,
under Lloyd (leorge, measures intro
duced affecting the wealthy classes
were continually becoming more and
A Dangerous Combination.
"1 do not hesitate to say that the
men behind this attempt lo turn the
couniry over lo militarism constitute
the m«»st unscrupulous, most avari
cious and most dangerous combination
that has e\ci" been drawn logeihcr en
this continent by the hoj of pltimh r.
"One would have beiicvi that the
prominent men of his oitniry w..n!d
be uniT-Tsaily in favor of p, ace. Now
ever, so siron- a.v tic.- tinaic .il p. w
ers back of his movement, il.t I hose
having busim interests seem afraid
to declare I hvU-eiv« s. hicauo
conveni ion will, tu vert heless. be an ab
solute expression of the sentiment of
the men and V.".M-'I .if Antciv-a. H."j
per cent of whom are opposed to iniij.
tarism in its every form The fright
ful fate of Kui'ope. whose people hav.»
allowed militarism to uain the upper
hand, clearly shows what America has
to fear if we permit similar intluences
here to gain the ascendancy.
"if the world ever to have free
dom from militarism and wars that
threaten civilization itself it must be
through Ameri :t setting the example
of calm, intentional, deliberate refusal
to take its place among the bullies of
"Now is the time for the American
people to reach this determination.
Now is tiie time when their example
should become the hope of civilization
and tile promise to future generations
Dog Saves Girl From Snake.
Don. a collie dog, juni|vd between
a six-year-old girl at Caldwell. N.
and a copperhead snake in time to re
ceive the snake's fangs and save the
girl, but died after killing the snake
3rounds For Divorce.
A Minneapolis woman charges her
husband disguised his affinity as a man
and brought "him" home as a boarder.
Honor Modsls and Oid Coins Ex-1
changed For Paper Money,
OLD SöüVEälBS TURNED IN.!
:7lany Pathetic and Sad Scenes Wit*
nessed In 3 as Patriotic People
Come to Aid of Their Country—One
Little Boy Asks For a "Ticket of
Honor'' and Gets It.
the Pank uf
da he bank
ii:111 was to be seen at
'mice on tlie tirt Sun
pened Jo receive gold in
x- han-e for paper im-m y. From 1I
in the morning until in he afternoon
a a unending procession slowly tiled
into tile building. All wore their Sun
day clothe." the women in irk color*,
little girls in bright dresses. old men.
not a few sol from the front (easi
ly recognized by their war worn com
plcxions ai uniforms) bringing .o:ii.
he gold coins they had taken to th.
lighting lines and found no evasion «o
u*e. Incidentally it may be mentioned
that most tuen wlien Iiis! mobilized
obtained is many gold coin* as I hey
ould. thinking that gold is useful ev
cry where. .Many on their tirt return
lefl their gold at home, as they had
lit 1 ie occasion to spend it. They also
learned that if wound'd ami found b.
the enemy the lirst thing done to them
wa* to be $n i:ed for their money by
band* of marauders who spring up the
day after a battle.
Boy Wanted Ticket of Honor.
rie i*ant scenes oe.-ur hi the bank as
the change is effected. A little boy
says. "Mother. 1 want a ticket o:' hon
or." Iiis mother, who is changing M'
francs ($-lm. has the receipt made out
half for the boy and half for herself.
An old woman has brought, a belt made
of hundred franc pieces joined togeth
er hy gold links. To her grief an em
ployee explains that the bank cannot
take a piece of jewelry.
An octogenarian pays in 12,000 franca
($2,400), all in gold coins of the time
of Napoleon I. and Louis VIII. Kver
C0 his family had kept this
treasure untouched, in case "something
The mother of Alexander See, an
artillery oilicer killed In the war, has
acut to the_Kigaro a gold medal_\vorth
TIIK SISSKTON WKKKI.V STA I .\ I
THE REASON WHY
"VT"OU bring your printing to be done by us, is the fact th
is neatly and correctly done. Always ready when need
ed. If you have never given the Standard any of your
work try us. We have pleased others and we can please you.
Best Advertising Medium
npHE STANDARD has always carried more advertising from
its home people than any other newspaper in Roberts
County. If you want results from advertising, it will
pay you to see us before placing an advertisement with any
SISSETON WEEKLY STANDARD
$100. which was awarded to her son
illM in recognition of his work in
the science of aviation. The Figaro
hopes the bank will lake it and that
its equivalent will be given to one of
the funds which aid aviators and their
Provinces to the Rescue.
The provinces are also bringing gold
to the branch banks of the Pank of
France. At .Marseilles over o,fnin
lias been received, at Kotten UK to
at Havre £-1 S,mm. from 2,"2!! persons
only at Poitiers Hin. at a small
town like 'reil £12,duo. at another
small town in the same department.
Montataire. MI. At Nancy steadily
increasing exchanges are made, 5^."0
the lirst day. l. lon a week later. 1 hen
."i.-niii, 5^'..-!'». O«J. .Siuvinit.
.Sl'j.siIII. HI, etc.. um IL total
of was reached.
The municipality of Paris has paid
in to the Pank of France its gold re
serve amounting to ,$H IUHKI. Father
Patureau. vi.-ar of St. Pierre, in Mont
mart re. has exchanged ssno e«diec|cd
among his parishioners. He has asked
that the receipt be made oni in the
name of his parMiioners and intend
to hang it in the church.
The Northern Pail way company.
il .'))».HIM in
i. has arranged to re
booking ollices on be
early as May L'i
eeive go|,] at its
half of |he bank.
Cherbourg had exchanged over Spjo..
by duly IP ami 1 ijepp.. over S jo.
UI»I by July 17 At I.e .Mans some
11iNK was paid in, much by moth
ers d' families who brought the gol'l
pieces blessed on their wedding day*
ami preserved as faiidly treasures ever
since. In accordance with an old us
loin in that part of the country,
BUG IN TAILOR'S EAR.
Glycerin With Cnrbolic Acid Routs In-
1 Spokane. Wash. The removal of an
insect was asked for by II. Cook, a tai
I lor. who went to the Emergency hospi
tal holding his left ear a few day* ago.
I The bug entered at an open window
while Cook rode in a street ear and
gave him mu pain.
Two drops of glycerin containing
percent carbolic add was dropped into
the ear by Steward A. II. Woodruff,
P.ugs have an antipathy for this solu
tion. according to ihe experience of the
steward in the tropics. As the second
drop disappeared the bug stuck its
green head forth cautiously and was
grabbed by the steward.
Munitions From an Old Bell.
The (»real (Jrowler. a forty-four ton
bell cast in 1711 from captured Turk
ish cannon, lias been taken from I he
tower of St Stefan cathedral, in Vien
na, to be made into war material.
TWO BILLIONS OF
Greatest In History* Exceeding
Stock of Any Two Nations,
PER CAPITA WEALTH $35.33!
Twelve Million Dollars Roll Into Our
Coffers Every Month, While Trade of
Almost All Other Nations Show Do-
crease-—England Has About $300.-
The Fnited States has lodav the
greatest supply of gold in its history.
greater than any other nation on earth
and probably greater than any wo oil,
'1 he gold held in the I' ailed Slates in
the form of cash or bu'liou is SU.uih .
M'JP..-, '.!, At the laM report Kugland
had about :vSm.u in,in in. Practically the
entire supply of gold in Fngland is said
by experts to be government controlled.
P.v the la*t report, in l'.»»7. Ceiniany
held *1." 1 I.UKI gold The supply
in I lie Fnl: el Si itc that ear was si.
I PJ.( I ,t her [ceding .»"lit rie- of
1011rope hol I approxhmifelv the
The large increase in the stock ot
gold In the Fnited S'ates represents
the losses of the precious metal to
this country by the principal nations
in F.nrope on a- onnt of the vast, bal
am of trade in our fa vor.
Greatest In World's History.
The supply of gold in the world is'
said by experts to be the greatest to- I
day in I he world's history. The pro
dii' tion in the lirst half of the last I
cvnt il ry was at the rate of 7-V.UHX)
a year. Then came the discovery of
gold in 'aliforuia, and its product ion
Jumped to an average in the next fifty
years of a year.
The Fnited States is accumulating
gold now at the rate of about
WIO each month, based on the returns
The gold supply of the United States
is distributed as follows:
Treasury assets in cash or bullion,
,$22(i,(l7I,K21 held by federal reserve
batiks and reserve agents, $(.,020,902:
in circulation, $59G
in coin or bullion In the mints.
The amount of money d' all kinds I
per capita in the Fnited Stales on
Aug L' \\a Sllö.o'i as against on
.1 iilv 1 and against In August.
N1 I. and $10.trj on Jan. 1, 1S7!I.
BIG GUNS DEATH DEALERS.
Seven-eighths of Wounds Are Inflicted
by the Giant Cannon.
Seven eighths of the wounds in the
'lalicia lighting were caused by shells,
half of which were tired from big cali
ber guns, said Surgeon Major Les
ghintsel'f to an Interview er on return
ing to Warsaw from the front.
"Pullets play no part now." he con
tinued. "and the Infantryman's rille is
a toy. Infantry merely occupies the
I renches I he cannon won."
Most devastating of all are the new
Skoda shells of the lermanic allies,
which are seventeen inches in dlauie
tor and weigh L'.KMi) pounds. The Sko
da how itzer shoots at a high angle, and
its shell penetrates tweni.v feet into
soft earth before exploding, two sec
onds after striking. These howitzers
do not resemble the Krupp mortars of
the same caliber. 111 whi'-h they are
said to I superior hi every way
When a Skoda shell hit* it means
«h ath to everything within a radius of
1 öi) yard- and e' en farther off. The
inet'i' pressure of its gas rips open the
b- nib proof shelters and catches those
who escape the metal fragments and
living splinters. This gas enters the
body cavities and tears tlesh asunder,
sometimes stripping the men of their
clothes. (if course (he men in the im
mediate neighborhood of the explosion
So fiepe lie heal of the explosion
of the shell that it mills rille barrels
as If they had been sir'.vk by light
MOUNTAIN I.IGin SCARCE.
Fear Now Hunters Have Exterminated
Sacramento, a I. It.-ports to he
state comptroller it.di ate that the
huntsmen of the northern counties of
the state have practically exterminated
the mountain lions. Fast month only
four mountain lions were ki'lcd in Cal
ifornia as against, close upon l'imj for
the same period a decade aw.
Three of the four were killed in the
southern counties -one each in I.os An
geles. Tula re ami Kern, the fourth one
being killed in Humboldt county. The
bounty paid for the pelts by the state
was $80 for June.
Indications are that efforts of stock
raisers during the past quarter of a
century have resulted in the practical
extinction of the animal. Bounties
have been paid upon 22.000 mountain
lions in the past twenty-five years.
STEEL TRfiüä BÄE3Ü0
Forty Armed Men Guarded
New York.—A special train carrying
in.in ID in treasure, one-third in
gold ami two-thirds in securities, which
had been shipped by the I'ank of Hug
land from London via Halifax to this
city, arrived at the terminal of the
American Kxpress company at Thirty
third street and Tenth a venue in sev
en steel ears garrisoned by forty arm
The treasure crossed the Atlantic in
a battle cruiser accompanied by a tlo
tllla of torpedo boat destroyers.
The gold, which is worth about $20.
mo,iitio, wdigits approximately seven
ly-live tons. The cost of shipping it
to lhis country, in the upkeep of the
naval forces, in the elaborate guard
maintained ui its railway journey and
in loss of interest is said to amount to
When the armed train left Halifax
it was preceded by a pilot engine for
the purpose of testing bridges ami
trestles and to frustrate tin attempt
to wreck the treasure cat« hv dyna
mite. This precaution way suggested
by the exploit of Werner Norn, the
lerman reservist, who attempted to
I blow up the St. Croix Uiver Interna
tional bridge on Feb. 2 to stop ship
incuts of munitions for the allies front
this country to Canada over the Cana
dian Pacific railroad.
News of the arrival of the greatest
cargo of treasure ever carried by a.
I single ship did not get out of Halifax
because of the rigor of the Pritish
1 censorship. 1 was learned, however,
that before the Jreasure had been land
ed one day's delay ensued, for the rea
son that Admiral Iteatty had orders to
deliver the shipment directly to the
American Kxpivss company, which
had no ollices of its own in Halifax
and was represented there by the Do
minion Kx press company. Admiral
Pcatty cabled back for instructions
and was ordered to make the delivery
to the Dominion Kx press company.
In this case one day's delay means a
cost of thousands of dollars. The in
terest on the valuable shipment at 5
per cent would be $2,730 a day. which
was lost The cost of keeping the fleet
on the errand for an extra day and the
expense of maintaining the express
company's train and guard was also a
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