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The Hutterische Bruder Gemeinde \n\n VOL. XXVII
IK Hail Insurance Gives Profit Pierre—Those who took out state hail insurance for this year will soon receive payment on the certificates is sued to them, since the state hail de partment has disposed of $300,000 worth of bonds for this purpose. Ar the season tor adjusting hail losses in this state is closed, the total a mount to be paid out is practically known at $320,000. The receipts tor —w *UC ICVCi|rie IUI the season were over a million, plac- ing the surplus at approximately $900,000. The rate is to remain at the present one rtom 35c an acre •east of the Missouri river to 45 cents west of the stream, until this surplus reaches $2,500,000, after which the rate can be lowered until the surplus is drawn upon, this surplus draws in terest all the time. The season for the first effort at state hail insurance has been a very favorable one, allowing a larger accumulation of surplus than ws expected. The sitaution over the northwest is near enough closed so that com parisons are being made with othe: states trying out the plan. InS askat ciiewan, which has been carrying hail insurance for a number, of years, the rate is fixed on the total acreage at Six cents per acre, and this year with losses of $1,900,000, it is found necar sary to levy an additional tax of 22 cents an acre on all seeded land to meet their losses. iy|o bad good^cropa^Adso under theii law, there is but $750,000 available to pay losses this year and holders of certificates over that amount have to between the hail plans of Saskatche-' wan and North Dakota, and that of South Dakota, is that in those state: land owner part of the assessment even though he farms none of his tract, and the crop ped land is only assessed if the gen eral fund does not meet the losses. In South Dakota the man who will get the benefit in case of hail is the one essessed, as the whole assessment is placd against the cropped land, and this the crop raiser can avoid by ths filing of a statement of withdrawal with the county auditor. Nebraska, while it does not have a complete state hail insurance law, is looking into the South Dakota plan as a possibility for that state, the in surance commissioner of that state having recently visited the South Da kota department to secure data as to the workings of the law in this state. The situation has been most tav orable in South Dakota, and while only about one fourth of the crop was insured this year, next year will bring a much larger percentage with the experience of this year. In Montana the assessment is $1.50 on seeded acres to meet their losses. While South Dakota was not hard hit North Dakota losses run to neai three million dollars, and they will need at least 35 cents per acre on al' seeded land in addition to the regular assessment of three cents an acre on all tillable land in the state. Another feature of the difference between this state and North Dakota is found in the fact that the adjusting in tlfis state was done by fifteen men, with not more than ten out at any one time In North Dakota over 200 adjusters were out drawing pay from the fund. Under their system the farmers in the western part of the state who lost their crops by drouth are assessd just- «msciuk •the same as those in the eastern part wait Alitor oti A«/la« wait for their pay. f»/. '»««viub wai« vaiiuen- The main features of the difference Give Up Monnonite Societies Must Vast Holdings No "little Germany" conducted by the Mennonites solely as a church In stitution, aloof from the laws and obli gations of the land, may exist in South Dakota, according to the. de* clsioit ot Judge Alva E. Taylor of the state circuit court, rendered at Hur on September 24 in the famous Hut terische Bruder Gemeinde case. Their close and exclusive corporation which aroused the ire of Americans during the war by its anti-American attitude is ordered to dispose ot its vast real estate holdings in Beadle, Hutchinson and adjoining counties or lose Its charter. The decision came in the case of the state ot South Dakota ex rel A. A. Chamberlain as state's attorney of Beadle county, against the society In which Joseph Waldner, Paul Glantor David Hofer and Diavld D. Hofer. were defendants, and was tlze result of In' vestigatlons commenced a year and a half ago by the South Dakota counci1 ot defense which disclosed some high ly interesting and anything but loyal tacts In relation to the life of the Mennonites. It was during the Liberty loan cam- palgns when the cause ot the allies had reached its most critical stage that attention of the South Dakota pa riots was focused on the Hutter ische Bruder Gemeinde. Prior to thai the members were regarded, to put it in a most charitable light, as religious fanatics, tinged with pro-Germanism. When the members of the Iowa and Clifton colonies flatly declined to con tribute to any war cause, refused tc buy bonds, and pointedly refrained from a™y war .VktMlUVU activities, the suspicions of disloyalty aroused the state coun cil of defense to the point where in vestigation and impartial hearings were determined upon. Under the powers vested in them the members ot the council, largely through the. abtii ty of Attorney A. K. Gardner of Hur on, succeeded in proving beyond all reasonable doubt the illegal as well as anti-American character ot the so ciety. Proceedings were commenced in the courts against the property hold ings of the Gemeinde to force a rea sonable purchase of* Liberty bond« and these were in a number of in stances successful. Some ot the Mennonites migrated to Canada to evade the draft, but find ing that Canadian and United States officials were cooperating to check mate this, many of them trekked back to the United States. Some ot the richest lands held by the society have been sold when they left the state. Action in the courts to prove that the Gemeinde was a corporation of Germans actively opposing and resist ing the state laws, brought about Judge Taylor's decision just render ed. In this decision he finds that the Gemeinde has violated its char ter by engaging in business other than that expressly authorized and has been exercising franchies and rights not granted by it insofar as its secular pursuits and business are concerned since it continues to own real estate exceeding in value the sum ot $50,000 The court accordingly gives the so ciety 90 days in which to dispose of its holdings estimated to be valued at nearly $1,110,000 in Beadle, Hutchin son. Bonhomme and Hanson counties, enjoins its officers or their agents from en6a6ing raisln?, m,l'!!ng 8Ults and by the in farming, stock o.t other secular pur- businesses not authorized charter- ignored- the 90 day clause is the court announces he will enter an order vacating and cancell- ing the charter- T1»e ted to recover ments ot ovatee is called upon to pay a numbers over 800 members in the state- C2 tl A A 1 ra A ft It A a.A*. 1 t« plaintiff is permit costs and disburse- action. UUC| ucuiciilUt: Their colonies are so exclusive that even the children are not per mitted to mingle with others not of their faith or corporation. The cor poration reserves the right to punish its members for any act it considers in violation of its secular tenets, re gardless of whether it be in conform ity with state law, according to the disclosures made in the proceedings against the Gemeinde. German was taught exclusively in the communes whose members are required to read write and speak the German language and all literature was in that tongue. HKI CROSS NEWS Although the American Red Cross is asking this year $15,000,000 with which to complete its war job at home and abroad, not one penny for this purpose will be asked of Red Cross enthusiasts in Minnesota, North and South Dakota and Montana, accord ing to an announcement made at Northern Division Headquarters. The reason for this is that the Northern Division has already sent to nationalheadquarter« surplus funds amounting to $1,00M00, which ap proximately one-third more than the quota set tor this division. It is pos sible that local chapters of these four Northwest state will solicit funds for their own maintenance. A campaign will be waged to ob tain 50,000 Red Cross magazine sub scriptions during the Roll Call" be tween November 2 and 11, inclusive, when It Is proposed to enroll 900,000 Red Cross members in the Northern Division. Then will no longer be maga zine memberships. The magazine will be sold separately and on Its merits. Nationally the aim: is to procure 20, 000,000 memberships and 500,000 magazine subscriptions. Mr. and Mrs. James Doud, resi dents of Virginia, Minn., for two years .returned last week to reside In Slsse ton, their former home. It Is well known that Jim Is champion corn busker ot the state and the corn be ing so good this tall his record ot 100 bushels a day can be niet quite easily. SISSETON, SOUTH DAKOTA, OCTOBER 3, $010 Rural School Drive Beginning October the 27th, 1919, and extending over a period ot three weeks, a state-wide educational cam paign for better rural schools will be held under the direction ot the De partment of Public Instruction, with United States Bureau of Education cooperating. It is planned in this campaign to reach every community in the state and to preach the gospel of «'Equal Educational Opportunity for all." Every county in the state will be visited by a number of speakers, who will all emphasize as the princi pal points of their addresses the same things in connection with rural school education, namely: Nine months ternf of school as a minimum in the country. Better qualified and better paid teachers. Better school buildings and better equipment. High school advantages tor the country boy and girl. More regular attendance ot child ren of school age. A more practical course ot study suited to the needs of rural life. Among the speakers employed will be many ot National reputation and the leaders ot our own state, includ ing Gov. Norbeck, Dr. A. E. Winship, of Boston, Prof. P. G: Holden ot Chicago, Dr. J. L. McBrien of Wash ington, D. C., and many other prom inent men and women. Preliminary to the speaking campaign the ground will be prepared by a systmatic adver tising campaign, which will reach every home in the rural communities of the state. To do this it will be neces sary to employ quite a force ot sten ographers, at headquarters and the entire campaign will cost several thousand dollars. The commercial clubs ot our larg est cities have agreed to assist in the financing of this campaign, but it is not fair to ask them to carry the en tire burden. Accordingly county sup erintendents have agreed to endeavor to raise a sum of money equivalent to $5 for each school In their county. A portion of this money should be rais ed by October the first, and the bal ance. by November the first. Make all checks and drafts payable to Mr. Alex Highland, treasurer, Aberdeer National Bank, Aberdeen, South Da kota. If you feel that your county cannot raise as much as $5 pei school, send what you can raise, oi if you can raise more than this quota we shall not object. An itemized state ment of all expenditures will be fur nished each county superintendent at the close of the campaign. In addition to the funds above mentioned, each county will be required to take care of the speakers while in the county that is, to provide their meals and lodging and transportation to the places in the county where the rallies will be held. This, in brief, is the Outline of the statewide educational campaign which the State Department, with the assis tance of the United States Bureau of Education and the commercial clubs and county superintendents ot the State, is putting on. The good effects of such a campaign will not be con fined to a day or a year, but will b6 lasting and will not only benefit South Dakota but the rest ot the United States as well. This campaign will be the biggest thing that has ever been, undertaken for the schools ot your county.Get back ot It with all youi might Fred L. Shaw, Supt. ot Public Instruction. Tlileves Break In Ortley Shire A daring attempt was made to rob the Whitetoot Store at Ortley be tween Saturday night and 2 a. m. Sunday morning. The thieves entered the store by breaking the front win dows and they picked out silks, bolt cloth, mackinaws and coats to the value ot $800 and packed them in bundles and carried them to the front ot the store. Their Intention was to take them out thru the broken windows. However the night watch, Jas. Carr, happened along and alarm ed the, thieves who had a car ready to load the plunder Into. When Marsha! Carr approached the car only one man was in It and he claimed to have stopped on account ot car trouble. The car had an Illinois number. Ae there was no evidence against thlr man he was allowed to go but he was vrithout .doubt one ot the robbers. This Is the second time In six months Mr. Whltefoot's store has been enter cd.—Summit Independent. Kitchen Bouquet makes an ordi nary gravy good and a good gravy better. For sale at the City Bakery. "V.lt: ''5'- Bonn^ for Discharged Soldiers Redfie|d. S. D.—Adjutant Geneial W. A. Morris, gave out the following statement tdday in respect to the mat ter ot a bonus to honorably discharg ed service men from South Dakota. "My attention has been called to newspaper: articles appearing In the State papers recently relative to a proposed state bonus to honorably dis charged service men from South Da kota. Numerous letters received by this office seem to indicate that ser vice men are getting the Impression that a bonus has alrady been provid ed by this State. This Is not correct. No bopus has been provided by the State legislature, and no bonus can be provided until the State legislature meets, Vilich will not be until the winter ot 1920-21, unless a special session should be called for some purpose In the Interim. "It is true that many states are tak ing this means of rewarding their ser vice men. North Dakota, I understand is planning to give her service men $25 per month for each month ot for eign Service, Minnesota is considering the proposition of a bonus ot $10 per mouth tor each month ot service. Other siites are already giving, or drafting legislation to provide, a bonus oi'trom $50 to $100. South Dakota gave her boys on the Mexican border a $75 bonus, but what she will doTv^s respect to her World War soldiers "is a matter which must be taken MP by the next legislature. "T,hej3o!diers Enumeration Record blanks Ant out to the assessors last spring Were originally attended in connect^ with a State history ot the boys who served in the war against the Central Empire, but those records when properly returned to this office, will be most valuable to the service men themselves as It will be then possible' for this office. to see that each soldier, sailor or marine Is ac corded the benefit of all favorable legislation already on our statute books or any future laws passed giv ing bonus or other special considera tion to those who served in the war. "SQUth Dakota has already provid ed a "tiw whereby returned soldiers W»? PWi^hase their own farms, im prove and stock same through the South Dakota Land Settlement com mission ot which Colonel Boyd Wales Is land commissioner. A mortorium act has been passed exempting sold ers from taxes during the time they were in service, and exempting them from legal process to collect debts and staying judgements, Hens, etc., tor the period ot their service and one year after discharge. Acts have also been passed giving free tuition in state institutions to honorably dlsy charged soldiers, and also giving pre ference in public employment to ser vice men. '«South Dakota has already given her soldiers the above recognition for their services, and it is not likely that she will be behind her sister states in any patriotic good move, but in order that the service-men may avail themselves ot these laws passed, this office should have some record of them, and to this end I urge every soldier, sailor or marine, each Y. M. C. A., Y. W. C. A., K. of Red Gross, Salvation Army and canteen worker who has been in the service during the war to make application to their county auditor tor a Soldiers Record Enumeration blank, fill same out and return to such auditor. In case the auditors have no blanks on hand, this office will furnish them on request. This is important for the benefit of the service men and wo men of this state, and in case they have not returned to the state, some relative should attend to this tor them." Dimmer Law Gete Results Enforcement ot the dimmer law Is getting underway throughout the state, if reports from various cities are any criterion. Spasmodic efforts have been made to enforce it hereto fore, but things are moving broad side. State Sheriff Shanks started things in Pierre the other night when he and his deputies stationed themselves on a prominent corner and arrested 26 drivers who were fined $4.24 and costs. The next day or two officers visit ing Miller and Wesslygton and arres ted many there, to bring home to the People theliaeaning of the new dim mer law. At Yankton the same practice war Inaugurated and 53 drivers arrested and most of them paid the |10 assess ment. Some ot them took time to consult a lawyer. At Howaei three have been arres- STANDARD ted and fined $5 a piece. There have been three deaths ii the state this year where cars wert driven into the ditch by the glare ol automobiles they were meeting, said the sheriff. Of those who came in tc pay their fines all admitted that the law was a goou one and necessary but the objection came largely or, the ground that it was a shock and surprise that they should have been given no further notice than that which was published in all of the papers ot the state tor some time after the law was enacted and recent ly when the attorney general's state ment was issued on switch regula tion dimmers. Vegetables Sold By Weight Only Under the new state law vegeta bles must be sold by weight it a pur chaser is going to get what is coming to him, and like wise In that way a merchant doesn't cheat himself. Po tatoes tor Instances have ordinarily been measured out In a certain sized sack tor a peck, and usually such sack will measure out three or torn pounds short. Purchasers have right to require that the sack be weighed to demonstrate there is full measure. Several arrests have al ready been made over the state for selling potatoes short measure. There are sixty lbs ot potatoes to the bu shel and therefore a peck should weigh fifteen pounds, not twelve or thirteen pounds. The whole system of selling fruits and vegetables has been corrected and only remains tor the buyers to put the regulation Into ef fect. Former Indian Soldlers Join American Legion Watertown—That the Indian boys around Slsseton who served in the army during the recent war are tak ing an active interest In the American Legion and becoming members of the Slsseton post Is the Information received by the state publicity office in Watertown. There are 50 to 60 ex soldiers among the Indians in that vicinity and post officials confidently believe that they will all be member«! of the Legion as soon as they are thoroughly acquainted with the pur pose of the organization. The Indians since their period of service are anx ious to be given full citizenship. The Slsseton post is named after Edward Otto, the first man from Roberts county, who was killed In France. State's Debt Law Unconstitutional The law giving special rights to physicians and those selling necessi ties of life In the collection of debts is unconstitutional,, according to a decision just given by the South Da kota supreme court. Their decision was given on a case ot O'Leary vs. Coghran which was appealed from Moody county where Judge Jones had given a decision contrary to that just handed down by the suprerad court., According to the law, as Interpre ted generally, physicians and mer chants selling the necessities ot lifo could tie up the property of an in dividual without the Individual hav ing the right of exemption. If you haven't tried those Nabisco products, tor sale at the City Bakery, you've missed something. TUMC UMCabeuSUwJX MN NO. 16 8t»pletoa-Hanna*ch A pretty wedding occurred at the St. Peter's Catholic church on Tues day morning at eight o'clock, Rev. Father O'Hora officiating. Miss Rose Stapleton, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Ed Stapleton of Enter prise township became the bride ot Mr. Theodore Hannasch, son ot Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Hannasch ot Grant township. The bridal couple were attended by Gertie Stapleton, sister ot the bride and Frank Hannasch, brother ot he groom. Following the ceremony the bridal party went to the home of the brld» where a wedding breakfast was served to about thirty immediate rel atives and friends. These young people are well and favorably known in the community, where they have lived practically all .their lives. Mrs. Hannasch is a young lady of exceptional ability with a bright and pleasing way. The groom is possessed with a character, person ality and ability that Is to be admired and he has brilliant prospects for a splendid future. He has accepted a position in the Merchants State Bank at Richardton, N. D., where the couple' will make their future home. The best wishes ot their many friends go with them. Correction On another page ot this Issue ap pear the Auction Sale ad of O. W. El more. Through a mix-up we have It signed "G. W. Blrod." rmhyterlan Sunday School at 11:35 No Church services this week.- The pastor Is attending the annual meet ing ot the Synod of South Dakota at Watertown. HE steel lining in Remington "Speed Shell^makes a reinforced chamber for the powder. ATI the drive is kept 8 6»«!. with of other sportsmen, that Remington UMC "Arrow" and "Nitro Cluh" Speed Shell* five you just diet additional "punch" that gets your bird when leut fevot-akU. ^Vhcn you buy your ammunitum die nest Nitro Club shells. They the best that money ess buy bseauw they've got back of thee aH the MALDANER SISSETON, S. Dt 'B ,'f 1 FAIR WAS FINE The Indian Fair held at the Sls seton Agency last Thursday, Friday and Saturday, broke all previous records, both In points of attend ance and quality and number of ex hlbits. Those from far and near, all were unanimous In pronouncing It the beet they had even seen In the state. A great deal of credit Is due Super intendent Suffecool for his untiring efforts in contributing to Its success and the officers of the Fair Associa tion are to be congratulated tor the management, that from every view point outclassed any former efforts. The exhibits of the farm products of the Indians was an unexpected sur prise to all, some of the finest grains, especially the corn, was the finest shown at any fair In this section this year—barring none. a, .£» 17 Persons Required To T.u The Census in Pack District There are to be 17 enumerators appointed In Roberts County tor the taking of the 14th General Census, which Is to be begun and completed during the month ot January 1820. Preference for appointment as enum erators will be given to discharged soldiers, sailors and marines, however any one, male or female, between the ages of 18 and 70 who can q«ulify are elllgible for appointment. Applica tions for appointment should, be ad dressed to W. I. Longstreth. Super visor ot Census, Sisseton, S.