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j&jpt it- & rJ&w&i ,-tm -. !-•,•*•» I Visit of Fall ami tary of Doos vr OUR WASHINGTON" I Xol r-h./V executive of the nation. If Senator Fall, who is perhaps I lie most im placable of all the politjcal foes of Mr. Wilson, finds the president fully competent to make decisions on for eign policy no other Republican will raise the issue. Crisis For Secretary of Labor A curious situation is created, by the Hitchcock-Fall visit, for the sec retary of labor. That member of the cabinet has for weeks past been con sidering whether or not he should re •Ign. His reason for staying in the president's official family, even tem porarily, is that he does not believe that the sick man knows what the ma jority in the cal inet and Fuel Admin istrator Garfield have been doing in •their reusal to end the coal strike by granting the miners the 31 per cent raise in pay which Secretary Wilson told the miners the government would approve. Now the secretary of labor is ex pected by the coal miners, wlios gneral secretary-treasurer he for merly was, to call upon the president, Just as the txvo senators called upon the president, and to lay before the Invalid the facts in the- coal strike, In order that the president may de clare himself either for or against the action of the cabinet majority and fuel administrator. If the president does not repudiate the action of the, cabinet majority and of Doctor Garfield, and if the president does not announce his will ingness to make good the pledge of SI per cent Increase in pay, in order His Mends say, wjth every indica tion of confidence, that he will not hesitate to make his appeal and abide by the results. Iowa Honors Vluinb Olenn E. Plumb, author of the plan of public ownership and efficient democratic control of the railroads thnt has been adopted as their own by the 1,500,000 organized employes oa the railroads of this country, jz a n»thre of Iowa. In the current issue of La^ior, the weekly paper published her by the Plumb Plan league, is tffwk in account of the triumphal reeWtton which Mr. and Mrs. Plumb Motived at Des Mones when he spoke thwe recently under the auspices of •he labor movement of the city. J»me« M. Pierce, publisher of the *erm weeklies, was one of the sorption committee which met the fMBoaa lawyer at the station, and due largely to the advice of Mr. Pierce there were thousands of Iowa farmers »rep»nt at the meeting where the ratlraa* plan was discussed for mora than two hours. Mr. Plumb is a native of Iowa, was born' In a log cabin and attended dis trjeteoliool there, and In apite of their evident hostility to his economic M«M the DeeMolnes papers felt com. »•tied to give Ma arrival and his re «eft|M—the dinner given In his hon er jpr Oberlln college alumni and the Wasa meMjlaA pt which he spoke DG Stach apace cs though he were a dpM pat «mdldate to* governor r?t ,~* .KTTKH Hitclicwk Ends Talk of Declaring Office Vacant—Sevvv- Ijalior to Itesign Wilson .Approve His Coal tlcilK'tlt—Astoi: Srl- üdilig til on I 1 of I »a reels I'ost Kovcwl on 'on»rcss l.-y I a, is—Home?» xvilh !»I»s Instead (»C Tene.mviit.s .tdviseil for City Workers—Many Organ ized I in is in Fight mi I'iii kjiiL' TlilKl. Aviv Itill in l-:Ni "MlliUuy Traisiiii.-:" I ü-li-r Civilian 'out.ml—Li I^ollvlti1 in Slrvniioiis Hght Againsl Hiiili'ojid Steal—('ou st Tvjilivo liiilxn1 l.e-adcrs Meet,— Semite Hill Provides lor Minister lo Irish lt(*iulli—(iovei-iimciir iiemists Advise I sing lirewevies for Miiltose Mmiiifiieture TiMM'hciv (iaiii liy Organizing. to his slclc possession But war -['resident Wil- and from 20 he is physically very weak, and Will presumably remain an invalid during the remainder of his stay in the White House. It was because of Itlsphysical weakness, and in the hope of so resting h's mjnd as to strength en his body, that Doctor Grayson kept Secretary of State Lansing from men tioning the Mexe a affajr to Mr. Wil son during the critical weeks Washington. I). son is discovered by Senators Kail and other zones. Hitchcock, when they gain admittance I routes operated by motor truck, rad chamber, to be in full iating from various cities, the local of his mental faculties, parcels post rate had been extended leading up to what looked like the verge of! »«-ire than in the previous year. One thing is determined by the re- insurance of parcels post was trjed, port of the two senators—there wj 11 be no action in the senate to declare the presidency vacant and thereby place Mr. Marshall in the post of chief agree to any conference report em bodying the Cummins or Esch bills. Varrels Post Suvvoss Itomembpi' how tho old boys jn con gress kicked when tin.' farmers in sisted that they pass a parcels post, law?- Postmaster Guivral Burleson. in his annual report to congress this jia.st week, shows thai the number ol' parcels carried has grown from :i 1 . :i i4.S0U in 19 IS to L*.25U.IM11.uL jn 1 !M 9. It is impossible to say just ,, h:it prolit the service is earning at present, (luv to the war conditions which interfered witli the making a complete estimate. For he year !l 1 r, which was the last year calcu lated. the prolit was about .$ 1 o.io0 DO n. is 1 to bring the 400,000 coal miners back soil, climate and water supply are to work, then Secretary of Labor Wil-1 good and represent a fair average fon •on be In a position to step graceful ly out. W6B -congeeaemen are reaping the ja greataum ef lettera and telegrams demand jtlftt they jstop the retnrn of the 'kit mm ii iiii lfnil mil to private opemtioa, and _j*fce*"*ee tMt the botoe doee act On March 1.1. 19 IS the weight nrrtv.i- Capital il.njt for parcels was t'tirthei ed from s0 to 7 0 pounds for delivery in the first, second and third zones. to fill pounds for all On the experimental to fruits and vegetables mailed from one station on the route to another station on the same route, this to ill-1 elude delivery from such station. An interesting development of the parcels post system js a rapid growth jn the parcels insurance service, hi the fiscal year 1919 the number of parcels insured reached a total of li!l.!l97.889. which is nearly 20,000- In 1914, tin- first full year in which the total number insured was only 23.300.0011. The growth in thjs business in 1919 attributed by the department heads ,.t .i,„ to the extension of the weight limjt of parcels. The bigger the shipment the more desirable the insurance. I-a lie Wants (iarden Homes Secretary of the Interior Lane, in that section of his annual report just made to congress dealing with land development, deplores the fact that the cities continue to sap the streng th of the people. He suggests that the national capital itself be made the scene of an American experiment in restoring the people to the land— something after the fashjon, appar ently, of the English garden city of Letchworth. "Here in Washington," lie says "a city of some 400.000 people, doubt less destined to grow until it may reach 2,000,000 at 20 years hence. Already the housing problem is acute It would be a pjtiful thing if the pro vision of more housing facilites meant merely more congestion and higher rents, with an ever-decreas ing degree of landed proprietorship and of true individual- independence. Such conditions, it seems to me, un dermine the' American hearthstone and carry a deep menace to the fu tuie of our institutions. There must be a better way, and the tjme has come when we must make an earnest effort to find it. "Within a 10-mile circle drawn around the capitol dome are thous ands of acres of good agricultural land, of which the merest fraction ljas been reduced to intensive cultivation. Much of it is wastefully used and much is not used at all. Conditions the United States. "Somewhere and somehow, it seems to me a new system must be devised to disperse the people of great cjties on the vacant lands surrounding them to give the masses a real hold upon the soil, and to replace the apartment house with the home in a garden Such a system would enable the am bitious and thrifty family not only save the entire cost of rent, but pos sibly half the coat of food, while at the same time enhancing its stand ard of living socially and spiritually, as well as economically." Fear of Packer# Grows to make the small business men of the country understand the menace of this huge trust. When Colver is un able to fill a speaking engagement before some national association of little business men on the subject of their relation to the packer's expan sion, he can be sure that the smiling red-headed Murdock, thirty-third de gree Bull Mooser, will step forward and hand the victims the detailed fig ures on what the packers did to their line of business last year. The Colver-Murdock war of attri tion on the packers who are the great American example of the unfair com petition wh|ch the federal trade com mission is supposed to put down %nd out, is beginning to get results. The wholesale grocers were the first to get the idea. Now the dealers In »11 sorts of artidee made or sold by the Chicago combine are alarmed. They •ead here for the tacts. Oolver and Murdock furnish them, aplenty. thing as military service. gerent challenge to face the truth During most of tihs long and dra matic recital of the falsehoods and obberies embodied in the bill, Cum mins has sat placidly listening to th Wisconsin leader, without serious at- tempt to stem the current of his scorn. At intervals Cummins rises to sug gest that La Follette is mistaken in a statement, whereupon La Folle-tte leaches into his mass of documents, pulls one out, and reads to the half dozen senators and to the eagerly lis tening hundreds in the galleries the evidence which proves his point. Cummins then holds his peace for another while. Victor Murdock now chairman of °Penlng remarks to the general presi tlie federal trade commission and his frlend W. B. Colver, former chairman Clonal and international unions aflili and leader in the fight to make the" Of all the outrages committed bv the Cummins measure, the one which causes the loudest buzz among the, people crowding the galleries is the fact that it will make the people pay dividends upon $8,000,000,000 of water—the total of the fraudulent stocks held as "book value", along with actual value by the companies. He shows them that they will pay flva fold in the cost of living when this huge burden is chained upon their shoulders by the Cummins bill. They all get that point many curse, under their breath, at the omrinous array of 85 to 90 vacant red chairs on the floor of the senate chamber. y"/ Conservative Labor Meets These are days thai try men's souls as they never before have been tried," said Samuel Gompers in his dents ai»d ated wtth Chicago packers obey the law, will Labor when they met in emergency have ready support in his endeavors conference here. He defied the in junction Judges and the anti-strike SISSETON WEEKLY STANDARD This merry contest is the back ground of Senator Jim Watson's hit tor attacks upon the commission which are to be developed in a special can minister to the Republic of Ire senate investigation next week. ,, land. cotisci iption upon the statute books of'' full independence within two years, this country. Such is the judgment of1 the building rang with their applause, the American I'nion Against Militär-, When certain anti-Irish speakers cast ism-, which makes study of the mili-1 aspersions on the movements, the "f tarist lobby. hisses and cries of disapproval boded by Uie foreign affairs committee of the house to the Mason bill. This bill provides for the sending of an Ameri Washington. I). C.—Not the g^tie al rftalT, nor the secretary of war. hut hearing room to listen to the pleas. I hi national guard will really "carry Other hundreds stood in line waiting tlie ha Ii" ill the plunge that is to be a chance t-'o ge-t in. When Justice Co made during February or March to halon of the New York supreme court put tin:vi r.-al training and peace -timo 1 It seems that the natloanl guard ill for those opponents if they were interests, which are intensely jealous caught out of political bounds. of the West Pointers and the general i staff, are backing bills introduced ii!! which would lie guard control. The Haer, forced his way past the outer lawyers in consrsss intend to make .guardians and clerks and demanded 'military training mean the same Hundreds of eminent and plain Irish stormed the doors of the big prophesied that Ireland would win bei :he senate by Frtlinghuysen of New One of the most useful suggestions Jersey and in the house by Hull of made by the bureau of chemistry in lovva. providing for compulsory mil-, years is that the breweries not already 'tary training, under the national dismantled shall be set to making guard, for all hoys in high schools maltose, which is a form sugar se attd colleges. It is expected that when cured by stopping the fermentation of the bills are reported amendments malt before the stiarch of the barley is will lie added which will make the, transformed into alcohol. train:ng universally compulsory, and This maltose is declared by the gov under the guard instead of under the eminent t:o be of the best quality, in army. so far as food value is concerned. In New York. Maine, Maryland and Vermont the national guard lobby iias secured the enactment of laws permit ting the drafting of boys into the guard to keep up its quota in time of peace. It will not be surprising if etc., and is very inexpensive. they get American Legion officials lilt-1 ed up for a bill under which the fed-1 Itaor Slirs Coal Commillee eiarl power will draft boys for the Chairman Spencer and the.members guaids in each state where state legi:--i of I'rgc.s Making Maltose They report that already a large quantity has been producsd and used for commercial sweetening since the sugar shortage became severe. It may be used in cooking, candy-ma king. t]le l.ition for that purpose is not adopted, were rudely interrupted in their qu'r-t llie Legion convention adopted smoke—officially termed a conference evolutions favoring universal mili-!—when Lieutenant Clair Briton, sec tary training under "civilian" control, retary a DA The »nil,ii,is Itill Probably not since the days of tiie long light of Stewart of Nevada against the repeal of the purchasing clause of the Bland silver coinage act, has the senate witnessed so remark able a one-man opposition to a bill as Brinton faced him with the facts and Senator LaFolIette has put up this insisted that a state deep under snow, week against the Cummins railroad and with temperatures running to 20 measure. Day after day he has held below zero thus far, was in no condi the floor for three,' four or five hours, jtion to be put off with promises. Brin speaking with all the force and fire w«i|«7»B in ma secretaries of the 115 na- the American Federation of legislators, and called for a definite, aggressive stand by the conference, which will probably last for four or five days. WW1 None of the so-called radicals among the labor leaders attended the first session. Nor were the independ ent railroad brotherhoods nor any of the farm organizations represented. Invitations were sent some weeks ago to the farmer organizations known to be opposed to public ownership. Later the National Farmers' council, whi.'i favors public ownership of railroads and basic industries, was Invited. Irish Are Actlvc Any American citizen who imagines that the Irish in this country have forgotten the state of war which ex 1stis in the Emerald Isle on account of the declaration of Irish independence by the Sinn Fein parliament, should have tried to attend the hearing given central coal committee hem hearing for the people of North Da kota in the name of the governor, lie carried a long telegram from Gover nor Frazier showing that North Da kota was short 3,000 cars of coal at the result of the government's turn ing over this supply of coal at Dulutli to the railroads. Spencer hemmed and hawed wliev ton of Ms earlier years in congress, and committeemen looked shocked at his hammering home his indictment of' boldness. Spencer denied any knowh etyih section and paragraph of this edge that the coal was being given to special privilege plan with alternate 'he railroads in large amounts. Final invective, statictics .moral appeal. I !y he promised to see that Governor flaming scorn, bitter irony and bell Frazier's demand for a square deal Pounded the table, while staid was satisfied. Brinton went over to the railroad administration and dug up a letter showing that Spencer knew that Re gional Director Aishton of the rail? roa administration was getting about 300 cars a day of this coal at Duluth for the railroads, from a supply which bad never been intended for railroad use but was meant for North Dakota and the^Northwest. Teachers Organizo. School teachers in the District of Columbia are among the poorest paid, in proportion to their profes sional training, or any of their class in America. But at last they have had spunk and foresight to form a WL j.strong to Representative John M. VIA trade union, affiliated with the general labor movement. And now, when the government is taking up the salary question, they arc able to pre sent their case with ability and dig nity, and they will get a good increase in wage. I'm quite as important to them ,,s the matter of a few dollars in pay is the right to think for themselves, and when accused of any offense to be al lowed to defend themselves before the board of education. This right was denied by a junker board a year ago in a case involving alleged "ra dical" views on the part of a teacher of English in one of the hiigh schools. The board fined her a week's pay because a banker's son claimed that she had said that anarchists are not the same as bolsheviks. She was de nied an open trail by the board. This teachers case was fought through the counts by the teachers' union and the board members wero compelled to restore her pay and heu clean record, and to personally pay all the costs of the suit. ''n't' 'I'" W I' 'tl'lt'lill'IIMi'ii'lii'MilulliMuilLiil I lllllillli S' lliiii!'!.li',llllllllilll!lill!Hil,'i!lilIb'TIHN"!!«HP p.|, 'ilWiliHi The Free Machine )K._ l\'&We 5 Farm Loans Xo Hayonet Tyranny The arrest of ... lar^e number of coal miners, according to press dis patches, at Carneyville, Wyo„ by United States troops under Major Warren Dean for refusal to return tu work, is bound to create a very bad impression. To Secretary Baker, on receipt of the press report, it was "in conceivable" that any army officer would order the men arrested on such grounds. That is putting it mild ly. No detay should be permitted in making an official investigation that will clear up any possible doubt, and. if the press reports are confirmed, in coit rtniarf: a Ling any officer responsi ble for the amazing performance.— Devils Lake (N. D) Journal. How timely the old adage, "Beg gars cannot be chooesrs" fits into the present order of things but how much more firmly we could say Choosers cannot be beggars. If we be lieve Jn "The greater good tor the greater number", wouldn't Jt be wise •to try and incorporate all American citizens in the chooser gang. »For Beauty Con-1 venience and Real Work. It is a marvel, T. W. CAHILL -and- 5 Years 10 Years 33 Years Any Old Way Your Choice Liberal Payment Privileges Large Amounts Better or Cheaper Loans are made they will be made by "THE OLD RELIABLE" First National Bank 1 Sisseton, S. D.