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1 WASHINGTON, D. C.—Our capital city bubblea over with speculation on the Democratic convention at San Francisco, but by the time this is read the country in general will probably know the answers the questions raised here.* The president and bin following ap pear to have control and the heart's desire of the bis wire pullers is for a -candidate and a platform like the Re publicans. .1 But if they fulfill their desires too openly the party will lose labor and farmer vote*, not so much to the Re publicanuas to a possible third party. 'The. great question is whether the Democratic leaders will be sufficiently clever in the matter of platform and candidate to hold the voters.-with one eye on a third party, and to hold big business backing at the same time 'If the large interests-decide to btill things through as they did at Chicago, in their pride of power, a third party with a candidate and a platform bring ing up the real issues between priv ilege and the people would have.strong pulling power and the Democratic ma chine would be lost. HOW TO KILL THRO FMTY MOVE WOMT OF DEMOCRATIC LEADERS 'Leaders Angling for Continued. Backing by Big Interests and for Farmer-Labor Votes—War Scandals Part of Republican Cam paign—Survey for Compulsory Training Ordered by Baker— Palmer as a candidate would strengthen Republican and third party chances. McAdoo, on the other band, has cleverly'strengthened himself with many elements likely to break away, while at' the same time being "safe for business." It looks as if be were the logical choice, with someone wlr could make an appeal to restless farmers as a running mate. Third party boosters will hold a con vention in Chicago shortly attar the Democrats are through. McA300'S CANDIDACY Bernard Barucli has investigated the report that Harding's campaign ad visers have "the goods" on William Oihbs McAdoo. Barucli thinks there is nothing for McAdoo to worry about. On the other hand, friends of the for mer secretary suggest that McAdoo re signed from the cabinet because he was stone broke, and that if his credit ors- had swooped down him they would have had to take a partial set tlement. He has been practicing law and receiving big retainers for the past yeas, and he wants to lay up some more funds before trying anoth er venture iu politics. The "goods" which the G. 0. P. gumshoe men have located are said to consist of facts about, as follows: That McAdoo, when secretary of the treasury, urged the shipping board to strain one of its rules as to advances «r loans to shipbuilding companies, in favor cf C. W. Morse, the former ice king and convict, pardoned by President Taft and thenceforth a pro moter of shipping and shipbuilding corporations. That this ioan was made to the extent of nearly $200, 000,001). and that it saved the adven turous Morse and his American Steamship company and its several subsidiary companies from a crash. That McAdoo was brought into the affair by his bosom friend. Stuart Gibboney,. a member of a New York law firm, who was conspicuous in the national capital as counsel for people who wanted war contracts. That Gibboney represented the Morse in terests. That when the money was advanced the: shipping board, the stock of the American Steamship company jumped from below 2 to nearly 8. TKat Gibboney and others luade a "killing" on this stock, which later went down considerably. No suggestion is made that McAdoo .profited personally by the rise in tile value of this stock. It is merely sug gested that he helped his friends, Gib boney and Morse. Whatever the facts, the story is brought up whenever the puzzle of McAdoo's refusal to take the Demo .cratie nomination is mentioned in capital political circles. It creates a new flay or on palates that long ago were satiated with stories of Pen rose's share of the Harrisburg capitol building graft, of Warren's fencing of government grazing lands, of Lodge's living lie as to the "attack" by the baseball player whom he first struck ,• In the face, and of how Foraker and Bailey became hired men for Rocke teller. -W'..' MILITARISM PLANS Newton• D. Baker, secretary-of- war, ihas Just squeaked again on universal 'military training. This time the mouthpiece for General March issues an order for a special survey by the. war plans division of the general stall to find out just what changes will be necessary in the existing scheme of army posts and cantonments to per mit of universal compulsory military .training. And this in the face of the national convention of his party, which is scheduled to declare against compul sory training. So complete is the March control over the "subject" that he goes further, and orders: a report on the amount of expansion of the .cantonments that will be required to handle 7^90.000 men in training un -:ter arm*.' .•- This program will doubtlaw have the full support, next winter, ot either Harding or the Democratic nominee, Meaning of Labor's Vote on Plumb Plan—Joker in Law to Aid Oisabled Soldiers—Propaganda Planned for Ship Stock Sales. if the hitter is in administration man. .f LASOR'a NSW POLICY Years will have passed before the old-style statesmen realize tlio im portance of the vote—29,000 to 8,000 —by which the Montreal convention of the American Federation of Dabor committed their 4,000,000' members to the Plumb plan of government ownership and democratic operation of railroads. There wbb the crossing of the Rubicou for the movement which had been so carefully shep herded by Samuel Crompers. through 40 years, away from the idea that la bor could coutrol the political state. One of the biggest' men in the con vention—Secretary Green of the United Mine Workers—declared that the time had come when labor must take its share of political burdens, and that he welcomed the program of government ownership because it gave a new reason for active and united political work by the organized work ers. Democratic operation meant self reliance and training and initiative. The workers must develop their full faculties to solve the problems in volved in railroad operation. They must make the operation of the roads democratic in fact, and this meant that labor must be in politics as a unit. and for its own program. OISABLED SOLOiERS STUNG Disabled soldiers who have under gone vocational training are the latest class to be mads victims of a joker in an act of cougrsss. These crippled and injured veter ans were led to believe that t.be new law would give an increase of $20 a month in pay to those who were in training uuder the vocational educa tion board. That, was what the law was drafted to give them. Bur. after it had been signed someone discover erf that it bad been changed some where in it* route through congress so as. to limit this payment to such men. in course of training, as are living "where maintenance anil sup port is above the average and com paratively high." The board announces, with regret, that, as the new law does not give i( any means of determining wbal. in "comparatively high." or of getting the average cost of maintenance, the payments must be delayed until it has arranged some rough and ready way of determining these points. There must first be made a nation wide survey of the cost of food aud shelter, and this will have to be done through district officers. Then tin" board will have to guess at whether congress meant "comparatively high" to refer to localities or to times. There are 335 lawyers in congress and only a dozen farmers. SHIPPING TRUST MOVES A conference lias been held Mere during the week between the ship piug board and private advertising agents, to prepare for a big adver tising campaign for the sale of gov ernntent ships to private corporations A director for this advertising drive has been appointed. The game is tc get the American public, and especial ly the chambers of commerce in the cities, enthusiastic over the profits to be derived from shipping companies, and to induce them to form such com panies, buy ships from'the board on partial payments, and go out aud de velop trade routes to Asia, Africa and South America. At the same time, the big shipyard owners have been in town, talking with thi? shipping board and refusing to continue the uniform national agreement an to wages and hours and conditions of labor in the shipyards. The industry is slumping, and the shipyard owners have decided to break, away from union agreements and each try his luck at breaking down the conditions secured by the union? during and since the war. As there is a fairly close bond of sympathy between the trades that make ships and those that load and sail them the advertising campaign may yet prove very necessary indeed to persuade cauny investors to try their fortunes iu the game. THE CO-OPERATIVE BILL The department of agriculture doof uot want to have any administrative control or judicial power- under the Capper-Voliitead hill, if and-wlien thai measure-is passed. That was deter miued-at ra conference-of bureau lieadt the other day. 'Hie bill has had twe form: One provided that the decision as to whether oo-oporative associa tion of farmers wan legitimate should ho determined by the department ol 'agriculture, and the other gave thai duty to the federal trade commission The agriculture experts take thf position that they can furnish iiuor mation as to what function an aspo ci&tion of farmers is performing, but they should not be asked to do what the federal trade commission was or ganized to do—say whether unfaii methods of competition are being em ployed. -Geneva—Recent statistics puMithec in Germany on that country's wai lowes stated i350,000 men were killed IlKOKilT* l^ao* 9.URV TRirwKl Keeping daily records of the milk 0 y'aid of eac cow. where there ij no cow-testing association, i« a pro Stable practice. This is shown by reports on herd records received by the United State* department oi agriculture. An instance where a herd hai been greatly improved without in (".•easing its number a (by more tlia one cow) -is found in a report from Oklahoma. The dairyman's creaw checks for a given month amounte to $73.42, the cream being obtained from a herd of 27 caws. One year later, after doing herd-record worlc. h(« wan able with a herd of 28 eowii, just 1 more than he had at the earl ier date, to sell cream to the valu' of $223.60, ar nearly three time as much—a pretty good return foi care given to eulling^the herd an improving the management. While the current prices for but ter fat havei increased som«wbaf they have not trebled in a year, si: it is obvious that there ban been large ijcrease in the productiveness of the herd. KltKK EN GREAT FAL.LM The state of Montana ha.", a law prohibiting the display of red flags. The city fathers of Great Fall thought they would go the state om. better, by prohibiting the display oi •all banners in parades. But. c.it.v 'fathers may be over-zealous in fol lowing a fashion. That is what hap pened in Great Palls. The worker:' determined, prohibition or no pro hibition, to have free banners. And they got the-in. The story written for the Ameri can Civil C^ierties Union by the sec retary of the local lodge tin B-rotliehoo-d oJ! Railway Carmen runs as follows: "In regard t.o free speech ir Great Falls, they tried to slip it ove: on us. Recently all the- affiliated crafts of the city met at Lyceum hall, aud decided to have a parade !n protest against the shooting of cur brothers in Butte, Montana. An ordinance, however, had been pass ed, prohibiting any person froi carrying a banner. A fine of fifty d'Ollars, or six months in jail, w.v imposed upon any person who vio la td this ordinance. But there wa» no fine imposed on any of the stre»l car directors or representatives oi other companies displaying signs. "When he heard of our plans, the Mayor promptly, notified, us- thai some of us wauld get hurt if Aidermen have backed down com ipletely. Besides Labor was so arous ed that we elected three men on the citizena-lobor ticket to the city coun cil." KM EDITORS 1MB NBW PLANT PRODUCTS An interesting exhtfMt oC fruits and vegetables was prepared by the «liw ot foreign aeed and plant in- traduction oi the United States de partment of agriculture for tile beneftt of the agricultural editors who'met in Washington on June 17 Ranged upon the tables weriT^spe cimens of c#m*ava root, dashepn tu injrs.. udo «hooU passion fruit, whit* spote fruit, ehayotes, and last, and best of all, a collection of highly co! ored, and extremely fragrant mans fruits. All the vegetables and fruits were frwsli and all were grown it* tiit United States at government sta tions. The cullure of some of the -vege table^ and fruits represented at thf exhibition i.-i li.mite-d by climatu condfUous to our southern states but this feature will not bar t.he:r from the northern and western mar kets. The exhibition in this respec gave- some idea of the increase* range given to the American biW ol fare by the -introduction of these, plants for commercial purposes. The udo, a celery-like shoot of Japanese vegetable, is not limited by climate and is now being growr successfully as far north as Nova Scotia. It ia a «alad vegetable particularly pleasing taste and tex ture—•-something quite strange 1/ the American palate The value of the exhibit is iu the fact that each of its members ha parsed beyond the experimental stage of culture and may be regard ed as an accepted agricultural re source. COtiliBGtt UilMMKR SCHOOL, PROVEH OllEAT SUOORSC BroekingK.-—The summer session of the -college opened this weelt with a very favorable attendance, not withstanding that thft heavy rain- is. W( tried to carry banners. We paid tie attention to this threat. Instead 1800 smeltermen, 450 carmen, 2!0 •machinists, 200 'boiler makers, ir»0 sheet metal workers, and about 1000 railway shopmen turned out and paraded through the city, each mail carrying a banner, on which was in scribed: 'We demand' free speed and free assemblage. We demand that. the. stool-pigeons of the Ana conda Copper Mining Company '.» put under arrest for shooting peaceful pickets. "A? the parade proceeded th:. police began to make arrests, taking about ten men at a time and lock them up. But the 5,000 strong kept on marching, paid no heed whatso ever to the police. When we wen through parading the streets, am thought the police were tired lock ing us up ten at a time, we decided that the other few thousand noi arrested should also go to jail. Wi all went to the jail and demanded to be arrested. It took twenty-fiv clerks to get all the men registered and at that, only about a tenth of them were finally registered. "The city attorney demaurieci bail. One of our men told him that he would have a sweet time gettin it. All the men said they woulr stay in jail. They demanded sup per immediately, to the di»comfnrl of the jailer. The papers the next morning stated in big headlines thai 360 '"Bolheviku" were arrested in Great Falls. But they failed to saj that these men went to jail them -selves, with about four thousand waiting outside to get in. "One of the leaders had his tria May 25th. The .fudge found him not guilty. Hu» Honor stated that the city ordinance -was a ridiculou one and void, and freed the olhei •men. _,h ''There i: no such thing as a ban ner ordinance in the city ot Great Fall anymore. The Mayor and hi! illtllilllllttlllllltlllHIttllllllllllltlltHllltltlllltllllllHIl! 4 A dollar travels a long distance in a Maxwell. For its steels last. They stand terrific roadshocks. They seldom fracture. They outlive the ordi nary steels. They are made to Maxwell's own formulae, developed from thou sands of laboratory tests and countless miles on the road. They make possible the ideal construction of great strength with light The tendency today is toward light weight, the ••*5 -"rrr-'j: and bad. road prevented :t larg: number from arriving promptly. On Tuesday the. number enrolled had already passed beyond the total enrolled in last year' summer ses sion, and all clauses, settled down tc regular work. Assam bly in being beM temp or arily in the ''old chapel" of tfet north building wiile the pipe orgur is being installed in the auditoriu'|| in the administration building. The attendance of the summsi session this year is composed large ly of three clasess of -students First teachers nf the rural school? and high schools, who are prepaHafi for their nesit year's work second those who are taking summer schoo' work in order to finish earlier their Ill The Rugged Endurance of a Wm. flwanaoii E1 Qiiaintaace MAXWELL is traced to its Special Steels G. OSMONDSON Sisseton South Dakota cSursea of study: third, rehabilia tioi men ot the United States- aVa^y for whom a special course in agri culture is being offered this sum mer, by arrangement with 'the fed eral vocational'board! Barber Shop Rloctric Clippers Blectrtc Manage Cigars Baths First QUm Work and Service Guaranteed D*MU«at Swedlond Bidg. Stoneton. 8. D., Phone SIM NEW TAILOR SHOP Having bought the Maj. Bailley building, have start ed a tailor shop. Will do repairing, cleaning, press ing and alterations. Your patronage will be solicited. HENRY CAMPBELL, Tailor PEEVER, SOUTH DAKOTA elimination of useless pounds. It makes for better motoring. It saves money in car operation. It makes possible greater acceler ation, quicker brake ac tion, less repairs, a higher average road speed, and lower initial cost. Maxwell, with its spec ial steels to give not only light weight but rugged endurance, has won an ever increasing number of friends. To date near ly 400,000. In another year 100,000 more. 4 1 GURUS OF MOiUUOGiC FORM ATHELETIC QLUll Mobrittge.— With the physical culture of the higher art of our na tional ports a§ thir objective, thr young ladies of Mobrldge have or ganized an atheletic club. Baseball, basketball, lawn tennif and every other game will be played Miss Teresa Morrison,, the. organ izer, is a graduate of the physics* culture department ot the Minne sota state unversity. A basefliaV team has already been organized.