WASHINGTON, D. C.—Following
the example set by Washington and
•..resumed by Wilson, President Hard
,mg read his message to the present
ipecial session of congress on April 12.
On foreign matters he maintains
lhat uncertainty dear to the hearts of
political managers. He is against a
separate peace with Germany "on the
assumption alone that this would be
"The wiser course would seem to be
to engage under the existing
ireaty, assuming, of course, that this
»an be satisfactorily accomplished by
such explicit reservations and modifi
cations as will secure our absolute
freedom of inadvisable commitments
*nd safeguard all our essential inter
We are not informed as to what, in
President Harding's mind, would con
stitute "explicit reservations and
On internal policy we lparn that "re
:eipts from internal taxes can not be
safely allowed to fall below $4,000,
000,000 in the fiscal years 1922 and
1923. This would mean total internal
:ax collections of about $1,000,000,000
less than in 1920 and $500,000,000 less
than in 1921.
"Our current expenditures are run
ning at the rate of approximately
15,000,000,000 a year and the burden
Repeal of the excess profits tax is
sledged and congress is asked to pro
ride new tariffs which will hold home
.markets secure for home products. A
national budget system was
A TINGE OF "SOCIALISM"
One of the surprises of the message
ts that the president, chosen for his
standpat viewpoint on all things, has
become tinged with "socialism."
Speaking of cable and wireless service
"Private .monopolies tending to pre
sent the development of needed facili
ties should be prohibited. Govern
ment-owned facilities, wherever possi-
VIEWS ON RAILROADS
On the railroad problem he recog
nized the justice of the complaints
made chiefly by Nonpartisan league
fanners against the Esch-Cummins
act method of settlement:
"Efficient operation at cost with that
which the traffic can bear.
Railway rates and costs of operation
aiust be reduced. The remain
ing obstacles which are the inheritance
»f capitalistic exploitation must be re
moved and labor must join manage
ment in understanding that the public
*'hich pays Is the public to be served."
HARDING ASKS PRICE COMMISSION
INDEFINITE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS
OUR WASHINGTON LETTER
Me, without unduly interfering with'
Favors Existing Treaty With "Reservations and Modifi
cations"—Pledges Repeal of Excess Profits Taxes—
Condemns Present Rail Rates and Lynching—United
States Grain Growers' Corporation, Inc., Formed to
Pfljo^^Vheat—Ohio Manufacturers Defend State Work
v^vp.iS Compensation—Women Voters Expose Raids on
needs, should be made available for!
This new thought is offset by gen
eral advice about business in govern
ment rather than government in busi
ness, but the new president will de-
As another means of reviving busi
tess the president suggested a con
gressional inquiry into prices with a
riew to establishing a measuring rod :!on.has
rf fair prices which "will satisfy the
eountry and give us a business re-
Among other things recommended
1. A commission to study the lynch
ing evil with a view to wiping out this
2. The maternity bill which the
women's organizations failed to get
through the last congress.
8* Better hospital care for maimed
•oldien in the recent war.
4. A bureau of aviation.
6. Steps to safeguard aid for good
6. Early passage of army and navy
ippropriatlon bills which have hung
rrsr from last session. These bills in
vade the big navy program.
GRAIN POOL APPROVED
of farm organisations
•tatea met in Chicago on
*9 «n«ider the plana advanced
grain marketing Com
»o*»wttteen. These plans wen
United State* Grain Graven,
thsnupon brought forth and
of organisation will begin.
*»in power will be
V-llSpM contract with his
elevate* or with a
.^iv.— —oclatlon, to be
bjrwhkh all his salable grain
~^ars will pass through the
ttw Grafa dnweifc Inc.
a contract with ale oTtnl
grower himself has the option of sell
ing his grain as he does today or of
pooling it. If he wants to join a pool
lie can pool all or part of his crop and
he can join a district, state or na
J. M. Anderson, president of the
Equity Co-Operative exchange Usher
L. Burdick, president of the North
Dakota Farm Bureau, and W. F.
Schilling of Northfield, Minn., were
appointed regional directors of the
United States Grain Growers, Inc.,
for the Northwest.
Among the resolutions passed by
the conference were the following:
1. Congress was urged to legalize
collective bargaining by farmers.
2. Speculation in futures was con
demned and congress was urged to
prohibit short selling and other gam
bling in food products.
3. Any substitution of a sales tax
for the excess profits tax was opposed.
4. The Great Lakes waterway proj
ect was indorsed.
5. Congress was urged to use the
profits made by the United States
Grain corporation during the war as
a revolving fund to aid farmers in
moving their crops.
OHIO EMPLOYERS SEE LIGHT
Efforts of private insurance compa
nies to tamper with publicly managed
workmen's compensation insurance in
Ohio have met the opposition of em
ployers as well as employes.
Malcolm Jennings, secretary of the
.^Ohio Manufacturers' association,
also strongly opposed the bill legalizing
private insurance of this kind on the
ground that workmen's compensation
for injuries or death is a public func
"We don't want competition in this,"
said Jennings, "any more than we do
in the policing of our state or in the
handling of our mails."
Ohio employers have found by ex
perience that the state system, while
providing more liberal awards to
workers, has saved them considerable
money. Washington has_ a similar
private enterprise or government! North Dakota. In
time. In its current issue the official
organ of this association has the fol
lowing scream about the bureau of
"That the bureau of" markets has
become an enemy of the independent
grain dealer is shown by the fact that
it is counseling the county agents in
the various states to function as dis
tributing agents. It is helping county
agents in counties buying grain to get
in touch with county agents in coun
ties having grain for sale. These
agents take orders in the producing
districts and place them with county
agents in the consuming districts.
Thus they come in direct competition
with the independent grain dealer.
The Grain Dealers' National associa
tion at last been convinced that
the bureau is just what its name im
plies^—a bureau to help the producers
nveL" their own marketing by driving out
the middleman and substituting a po
litical system of distribution. The bu
reau of markets must change its tac
tic*—or it must go!"
This ought to be a fine boost for the
bureau of markets.
WOMEN WANT PRIMARY
Opposition to moves by political
bosses everywhere to amend or de
stroy direct primary laws was one of
the features of the convention of the
League of Women Voters held at
"If women dont want the same old
boss-ridden tickets," said Miss Mafcy
Garret Hay of New York, "that they
cant conscientiously vote for, they
must see to it that the direct primary
law is kept on the statute books.
"If the primary law is repealed it
will set women back in politics at
leas* 12 years."
Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt also
•cored the party bosses for the delay
in granting suffrage and pointed oat
that then was no disposition yet to
gin the women any good jobs.
The strong stand for the primary is
more noteworthy because the League
of Women Voten has been regarded
MEXICAN OIL TROUBLES
Erf-Senator Fall, now secretary of
the interior, announces that the Eng
lish have been double-cnssing our oil
pirates in Mexico.
His assertion is that while oOdally
standing with our crowd in bringing
VMfsut^on Mexico, the English plu
tocrat* have been offering support
», ¥**ican government The
fear to that the Mexicans will reward
Another phase of the situation is
that by keeping up prices to the pub-,
lie in the hope of maintaining profits,
the monopolists decrease demand and
thus throw a large part of the work
ing population out of work.
Government officials here and Wall
street are watching developments of
the British coal strike with scarcely
less interest than like groups in Eng
land are. They realize that our gen
eral conditions are only one or two
jumps behind those of England.
The strike may be' settled by a com
promise somewhere between the
workers' demand for nationalization
"and the wage reductions asked by the
operators. Or it may grow into some
thing approaching a revolution if rail
road workers and dock workers de
cide to strike with the miners. A no
compromise attitude on the part of the
Washington has a similar -operators would probably cause these
better aid to injured workers.
relop much more of it before he is ation doesn't mind attacking the gov
through wrestling with the problems' eminent when the government fails
facing the nation because of monopoly to act in its favor 100 per cent of the
general uses." «ahsm has prevented this saving and perhaps by the time this is read
financiers and labor leaders will know
whether the great issue is to be set
tled in England now ot- postponed
somewhat into the future.
GRAIN DEALERS AGITATED
The Grain Dealers' National associ-
great unions to take an active
OHIO HITS CUMMINS ACT
The Ohio legislature has repudiated
and denounced# the Esch-Cummins
railroad act. The Minnesota legisla
ture passed similar resolutions during
its present session and then took them
back when the bosses warned of how
this action would reflect on G. O. P.
congressmen who voted for the act.
Ohio's action is especially signifi
cant in that not more than six months
ago it was bolshevistic there to criti
cize this act. Her favorite son, now
president, declared that the act was
being misrepresented and that in prac
tice it would be found to be a sane,
constructive plan for reorganization of
When the new congress meets the
senate is expected to pass the Knox
resolution for a separate peace with
Germany. Several news correspond-
ents who ought to be able to speak
SISSETON WEEKLY STANDARD
BRITISH COAL STRIKE IS CRISIS
FOR MONOPOLISTS IN ALL LANDS
OUR WASHINGTON LETTER
Issue of Keeping Up Profits or Keeping Up Living Stand
ards Reaches Acute Stage—Ohio Legislature Condemns
Esch Cummins Law Immediate Separate Peace
Doubtful—Germany Told That We Back Allies on In
-demnities—Wallace Shows How New Freight Rates
Strike Western Farming—New York Merchants' Asso
ciation Condemns "Open Shop" Drive.
WASHINGTON, D. C. Premier the allies and permit Germany hope'
Lloyd George of England has con- fully to renew its productive activi'
vened parliament several days in ad
vance of the date previously set, to
deal with the country-wide coal
jr vi Agriculture vvauavv
He announced that the government points out that the freight rate on corn
had taken over the coal mines, but this from Chicago to New York is now 23
should be understood aa a temporary cents a bushel and that the Argentine
policy to strengthen the coal mine op- corn grower can get his corn to New
erators rather than the beginning of York for about a third of the shipping
a permanent national policy.
The struggle is attracting the at
tention of the entire civilized world
ui mc ciime uvuizi'u wuriu tie uses tins us un argument iur new
because in it the issue troubling the tariffs on farm products, but it also in
whole world at the present time dicates how bad railroading has hit
reaches a possible crisis.
The issue is this: Big monopoly
snas-iartis'.stjs ff Jssasvss ••in
the report that this course meets with
President Harding's approval.
On the other hand, some are equally
certain that Harding's message will be
wrwuii uiai naruing message will oe
our foreign policy by future develop
HUGHES' NOTE TO GERMANY
That we stand behind the allies in
"The American government is
pleased to note in the informal mem
orandum of Dr. Simons the unequiv
ocal expression on the part of the Ger
man government of its desire to afford
reparation up to the limit of the Ger
man ability to pay. This government
stands with the governments of the
allies in holding Germany responsible
for the war and therefore morally
bound to make reparation, so for as
may be possible.
"T?16. *®C08n'ttpn of this obligation,
implied in the memorandum of Dr.
Simons, seems to the government of
the United States the only sound basis
on which can be built a firm and just
peace under which the various na
tions of Europe can achieve unce mora
economic independence and stability.
This covenuncnt believes that it rec^
egnises in the memorandum of Dr.
8&nons a sincere desire on the put of
the German government to reopen
*rtth the allies on a new
mis and hopes that such negotia
oms, ooce resumed, may lead to a
jnmpt settlesaent which *111 ft the
time satisfy ths Jut «lainw
a communication from the fawim months on two classes of Jews—the
minister of foreign affairs
FREIGHT RATES AND TARIFFS
Secretary of Agriculture Wallace
charge our western farmers must
He uses this as an argument for new
the farmers. The corn rate is 86 per
production has reached a point where cotton from Memphis, Tenn., to New
its returns will not keep up the divi- York City is 192 per cent higher than
finnHa nn it?nf _1 il.„ in lftlS
dends on watered stock and the living
standards of its workers at the same
time. The monopolists demand reduc
tion of wages to a point which will
give them their old profits the organ
cuv. vvilMWIIlllCiUUII Ui Ulc upcll &uup
lzed workers hold that since there is drive by the Merchants' association of
not enough to go around, the profit
drain should be eliminated through
higher than in 1913. Freight on
MERCHANTS OPPOSE "OPEN
Condemnation of the "open shop"
New York is one of the most hopeful
events of the week.
The board of directors of this larg
est commercial association in America
declares that the time is opportune for
employers to take a forward step in
the matter of industrial relations.
It deplores the disposition "on the
part of some employers who are using
the term 'open shop' to work toward
a condition of the closed shop against
'It has tended in some quarters to
arouse suspicion and distrust, es
pecially as to the status of labor
unions, and has thereby delayed the es
tablishment of peaceful industrial con
The "open shop," or "American
plan," drive has been primarily a drive
of the great monopoly interests. Pres
sure either in the form of refusal of
bank credit or of refusal to sell needed
supplies forced small business into
it. Small business everywhere in the
United States was ordered to fight
union labor or face a good chance of
being run out of business.
Strange to say our prosecuting at
torneys have not the slightest knowl
edge of this conspiracy. Or they are
busy hunting for red plots. w:
ANOTHER COAL SCARE
John L. Lewis, president of the
United Mine Workers of America, re
ports that over 100,000 miners have
not been able to dig a pound of coal
since January 1. Production is now
about 60 per cent of normal.
The idleness is not caused by
strikes, but by the determination of
the coal trust to keep down production
until the public is willing to pay prices
A new coal shortage scare has al
ready been launched. The Coal Age,
official organ of the operators, advises
large consumers to place orders now
regardless of price. This is good ad
vice, in one sense, because the oper
ators are planning to repeat the tac
tics of last year.
During the recent senate investiga
tion a publicity agent for the opera
tors told how he had used the Asso
ciated Press and the big dailies gen-
FORD'S WEEKLY DENIED RIGHTS
Police officers in several large cities
a jolt for the so-called bitter-enders, have forbidden the sale of Henry
that he will advise delay on the Knox Ford's weekly magazine, the Dear
resolution until we have time to shape ^K)rn (Mich.) Independent, on the city
Alio Iahaim. L.. A.X 1 flfMttfa
vmwto mjvwtu large cities
Ford's paper is conservative, pub
lishing for the most part interesting
general articles and a page of Font's
usiw«sn4v wiu page vi roras
their demands for indemnity from which comes to his mind. The present
Germany is the leading feature of the trouble arises over a series of articles
reply of Secretary of State Hughes to
opinions each week on anything
been running for over six
w"n Qf~-f T"™,°
nunsr ivreign amurs Wall street Jews, together with inter
The Hughes' statement reads as fol- national banker Jews of Europe, and
wi* thi fadieftl lin.
the radical Jews.
The undisclosed author or authors
of the articles allege a conspiracy to
attain world domination for the Jews.
The case is undoubtedly
as, for instance, the alleged alliance
between Jews who an Bolshevik lead
en in Russia and the capitalist Jews
of western Europe. Then is also the
fundamental error of assuming that
our financial monopoly would be all
right if some other race than the Jews
ran it. It's hardly fair to charge the
Jews with the defects of a system
which most of our press, politicians
and business men regard to be as
sacred as a religion.
But it would seem that Ford ought
to be allowed to state his view of the
case and be protected in such a right
by the oflfeen of the law.
GBONNA OFFERED MISSION
Ex-Senator Gronna,- whose seat in
the senate has been given to Dr. E. F.
Ladd by the people of North Dakota,
is said to have beta offend the poet of
minister to Denmark by President
Aiding. Whether he. baa accepted or
Elmer Hough is working for Al
bert Jenson during the busy season
Gytta Berg was visiting her
friends Borghild Sather last 'Satur
day and Sunday.
A number of young folks were
gathered at the K. K. Tasa home
last Sunday. Everybody enjoyed
Clifford Olberg was a caller iu
Sisseton Saturday evening.
Melvln Klepp of New EfHngton
working for Sigfred Benson.
Mr. and Mrs. P. J. Berg were
shoppers in Sisseton last Monday
Mr. and Mrs. Morris Eggen and
daughter Ardys visited at the home
of the former's sister Mrs. O. Opsal
of Sisseton. 'v
Joseph Berg had just bought a
hog from Hans Grimsrud, when it
disappeared. Joe was out a»l day
Saturday in the blizzard looking for
it. At last lie found it in a valley
about a mile south from their place.
Well, Joe, its a good thing you dis
covered it otherwise may have
been storming yet.
Misses Esther Elton and Olga
Tasa were in Sisseton Tuesday,
where the latter Jiad dental work
R. G. Johnson and M. A. Eggen
were in Sisseton Monday evening on
STATE FIREMEN'S PROGRAM
State Firemen's Association Conven
tion at Mobridge June 14, 15,
10, 17, 1021.
Mobridge, S. D.—Programs have
been issued for the Thirty-seventh
annual Tournament of the South
Dakota Firemen's Association which
is to be held at Mobridge on June
14-15-16-17, 1921, and these pro
grams are being mailed this week to
every Are department in the state as
well as to newspapers and others.
The program for the coming meet
ing is an interesting one, provid
ing all the usual contests with very
liberal prizes attached, as well as a
number of new and novel features.
Several of the best bands in the
state will participate in the tourna
ment and thus help to make things
lively. for the visitors.
Mobridge is noted for its spirit.of
hospitality and the Mobridge Com
mercial Club is now busy with pre
liminary plans for the entertainment
of the fire boys. Every courtesy will
bo extended to the visitors and there
will be a number of entertainment
features put on for them by the club.
Chas. B. Freney of Yankton, pres
ident of the South Dakota Firemen's
Association P. L. Hansen of Bridge
water, vice president and J. J. Walt
ner of Freeman, secretary, all send
word to the local Are department
that there is unusual interest in the
coming meeting and that they look
for a record-breaking attendance as
well as keen competition in all the
AMERICAN LEGION NEWS.
Endorsement of the American Le
gion's program for relief to disabled,
which was adopted by the investigat
ing committee, named by President
Harding, was voted at the regular
session of the legislature. A memo
rial resolution was passed request|
ing Congress to adopt the Legion's
After it was announced that there
were 3,000 former service men in
Los Angeles, Cal., out of work and
that an average of 600 men apply
for emplayment to the American
IjQglion headquarters) there diaily,
the Merchants' and Manufacturers'
Association of that city decided that
It was time to act. A campaign of
relief has been Btarted and the
funds will be administered by the
chairman of the American Legion
Three to one is the score of the
legislature program of the Amer
ican Legion in Iowa. The following
Bonus bill providing fifty cents a
day, with a maximum of 9350 to
be voted upon at the general elec
tion in November 1922 Tax
exemption of $500 for veterans of
World War, $1,800 for Spanish
American War veterans, and $3,000
for those who fought in the Civil
War, and veteran's preference on all
political appointments, state, county,
city and schools for both World War
and Spanish-American War fighters.
A legion boxing bill was passed In the
house, but was defeated In the senate
of the Iowa legislation body.
A French "Medal Commemorative
of the World War" awaits Americans
and French cltlsens who went to
France to serve with the horizon
blues during the period of hostilities,
according to a letter to National
Headquarters of the American
gion tiroa Brigadier General L.
Inrdet. French military attach*
Washington. He requests that per
sons eligible for the decoration ap
ply to the French Embassy at tha
The Bronx County, N. Y„ Ameri
can Legion will on Memorial Day
dedicate a tree to each of the 760
Bronx men and women who made
the supreme sacrifice. Around each
of the lindens on Grand Concourse
the City of New York will place an
iron guard. To this will be affixed
a bronze plate, conceived by the
Bronx Legion and paid for by its
Opposition to the proposed emi
gration of several thousand Men
nonites from Canada to Mississippi,
which the American Legion has reg
istered, is backed up in a resolution
passed by the Punxsutawney, P:.
lodge No. 669, International Associa
tion of Machinists, affiliated with
the American Federation of Labor,
which characterizes the sect as "un
patriotic and a menace to the United
When the fire department dasher!
down the main street and red flares
turned brightly in the stillness of
the night the solid citizens of Ap
pleton, Wis., rushed out of thei:
liomes in alarm. What they dis
covered was that the local post of
the American Legion was starting ils
membership campaign. Bands began
to play and illumination floats ap
peared. Boy scouts marched in a
parade with the Legion members.
The effect of the night attack w?.s
so strong that 600 members were
obtained the next day.
Although he was arrested and
convicted of a misdemeanor, a
twenty-year-old wounded veteran of
the World War,' is to receive through
the offices of the American Legion
of Detroit, Mich., an education as 'an
electrical engineer. The boy had en
listed at the age of seventeen and
was twice wounded during the St.
Mihle drive. He had always wanted
an education, he told the judge, but
was compelled to leave school when
he was six years old because of tha
separation of his parents. The judge
placed him on probation to a repre
sentative of the Legion, who is ar
ranging for the youth to enroll in
an engineering course under the
government provisions for vocational
I training of wounded veterans.
When the Government salvage
depot employment office at Toledo,
O., failed to employ a reasonable
number of ex-service men, the Lucas
County Council of the American
Legion investigated the situation and
obtained a promise of adjustment
from the captain in charge of the
depot. The Legion's investigation
showed that, out of 261 employes,
97 were ex-service men, 60 were in
eligible at the time of war, and 114
had never been in the service.
The attorney general's views on
the ''blue" laws are making a lot
of people see red. x-
|AU Kinds of
Real Estate ii
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