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1/ Sfctffc WASHINGTON, D. C.—On April JO the senate ratified the long-stand ng treaty with Colombia, giving that jountry $25,000,000 for seizure of the Panama canal zone during the Roose feit administration in 1904. President Harding had previously lrged its ratification as a first step to ward international good will. The more liberal politicians have leen urging its passage for many rears, but Republicans in general op posed it for party reasons and because reflected on Roosevelt. Two reasons probably account for she present success of the treaty: 1. The Democratic party is knocked nit for the time being at least. 2. Colombia agreed to let an Amer ean syndicate in which Secretary of she Treasury Mellon is prominently in terested, have large oil concessions if the treaty was approved. There is no doubt except among spellbinders that we acted in a high Handed manner toward Colombia. Roosevelt once said in a boasting mo nent: "I took the Panama canal." Nor is there any doubt that certain Snanciers who knew this seizure was be made secured big profits by buy ag up the shares of the old French syndicate. It was this group which •revented consideration of the Pana na and Nicaragua routes on their relative merits as engineering prob cms. SALES TAX EFFECTS The sales tax, urged by Wall street is the best way to raise needed fed eral revenue, is going to raise a lot of nischief for general business as well is for the consumers. The plan ad nutced provides a tax on each turn •ver of goods. On a yard of calico which the farm-. *'s wife buys there may be as many is nine different sales tax levies: 1. Raw cotton to gin. 2. Ginning mill to spinning mill. 3. Spinning mill to mercerizing riant. 4. Mercerizing plant to dyeing riant. 6. Dyeing plant to weaving mill.* 8* Weaving mill to finishing mill. 1. Finishing mill to wholesaler. 8. Wholesaler to retailer. 8. Retailer*to consumer. The trust, which handles the mate Hal from raw state to retailer or con tainer, will have a great advantage in dint it will have to pay only one or .wo sales taxes. Mail order houses, which largely nanufacture their own goods, will be riven an advantage over the inde pendent manufacturer, jobber and re tailer. A little difference in cost of (peration makes a great difference in ihe market Yet commercial clubs throughout she country have been going on record tor repealing the excess profits taxes, lor lowering taxes on big incomes, »nd for the sales tax. When will gen ml business learn that big business thinks and acts only for itself? JLOMBIA TREATY PASSES SENATE $25,000,000 FOR PANAMA CLAIMS OUR WASHINGTON LETTER Passing of Democratic Strength and Oil Concessions Cause Old Issue to Get Approval—Sales Tax Will Strike Hard Blow at Small Business—Bankers Agree to Raise $40,000,0000 for Federal Land Bank Hughes Calls Russia a Gigantic Economic Vacuum—Disarmament Issue Is World-Wide and May Break Reactionaries— British General Strike Called Off. 1 FOR LAND BANK Secretary of the Treasury Mellon umounces that a group of 1,000 in vestment bankers have agreed to sell MO,000,000 worth of 5 per cent fed ml land bank bonds. It is good news to learn that the taken are not going to knife the hud bank absolutely, but $40,000,000 is too small an amount to enable the tad bank to do more than a small traction of the it should do. This •hole amount could be put in one ag ricultural state. The rural eredits bank of South Da ta** has put out *36,000,000 in less Am two years of operation. Fann in of Minnesota carry over $150,000, 10# of high-interest^ short-term mort- the supremo court found the federal land bank constitutional the of $100,000,000 In the ep os for baying federal land bonds. The excuse was that the Mf bankers would take can of the tad hank. If the congressmen wore not In tagus with the money trust, they «Mii fans* the pootal banksaviitgs land bank bonds Instead of turning to private hankers at half rf interest obtafosd on land «tld then pay the higher rate of interest on their Sr ONRU88LA in American Fsd- »»«*on «f Labor circles as to incogni to the bin -lost years' blockade by the rest of the civi lized world. Hughes was badly informed on for cign trade, or did not look for informa tion, when he stated that our normal trade with old Russia made up only to 2 per cent of our foreign trade total. Trade reports show this, but England, and especially Germany, used to buy great quantities of goods from us to be manufactured or merely handled and reshipped to Russia. We might get all this trade direct if we went after it properly. Hughes says that Russia has noth ing to trade with, but if that is the case why so much effort to prevent even the little that is possible 1 .f BUYING A THRONE Two American women who have married into the Greek nobility are re ported to be spending *big sums of money to secure the throne of Albania. One of the rivals is the former Mrs. William B. Leeds, heir to millions plucked from our tin plate industry through high tariffs the other was formerly Mrs. Frank J. Gould. The latter is on her way to America to secure more money to throw into the race. The kept press reports the affair as if it were a great honor and advantage to America. But we are not told why Albania needs a throne. The mischief that can be caused in a small, poor country by lavish expen diture of money for corrupt purposes is hard to overestimate. IRISH ATROCITIES General Crozier, auxiliary police commander in Ireland, said a signifi cant thing when he resigned recently. "I still consider," said the general, "that theft on the part of policemen in the course of their duties is unpardon able, and I can not associate myself with a force in which such acts are condoned." The resignation was due also to the suppression of a report by General Strickland on the burning of Cork. If this report had not been suppressed, it would have proved that the chief sec retary for Ireland, Sir Hamar Green wood, lied before the house of com mons with full knowledge of the truth. Greenwood asserted that the people of Cork burned their own city. DISARMAMENT FEELING GROWS Sentiment for disarmament is grow ing among business men throughout the world. In Japan the business men's association is arranging a cam paign in support of Mr. Ozaki, a pow erful liberal who is vigorously fight ing for reduction of armaments. On 7,000 postcards sent to business men throughout Japan asking for an opinion on the subject, 2,060 replies were received, and 2,000 of these fa vored reduction in the naval building program. Some of our own senators and rep resentatives who have been back home are now talking about the further, need for reducing national expenditures. There is a strong possibility that the swing from reactionary poli tics, now long overdue in America, will be brought about by this disarma ment issue. It is something on which small business can and must break with the big business politicians. The old machine in the Minnesota house and senate refused last weekr to memorialize congress on the dis armament issue. But this very move may cause a number of them to stay at home two years hence. BIG BRITISH STRIKE FIZZLES Decision of railroad and transport workers' unions in England not to go out on strike with the striking miners, greatly reduces the possibility of any gnat principle being settled at this time. Large business everywhere sighed with the satisfaction of a great load taken from its shoulders. The miners will probably be able to get some con cessions before they go back to work, but omployen expect such results and state extreme terms at first so as to have a basis of compromise which will leave them the gainers. The came of the withdrawal is ibwuthe ijKftsal of the rank and file of the miners to make certain con It may bo that the labor leaders felt that a time of unemploy was not a tfine to work for large to. There is a better chance that the English workers have not yst folly learned the lssson of solidarity. The great trusts have nothing much to fear co lane as they can fight union labor in separate groups, one at a time, U. 8. ASKED TO MEDITATE Fairly reliable reports state that -eonany has ashed to me diate the question of reparations be tween itself and the alUea. to be bound by the drtsrt and his aides. If the request Is neeptcd America. is itm a* vnr wltk Germany. Timll 111 miiHalliii between herand wHk when ahs has already a Goodwill News Rev. and Mrs. Amos Oru Road are at Devils Lake attend Pres bytery meeting. Miss Emma Gronau retr ned to her home Tuesday having spent sev eral weeks assisting 'Mrs. W.. P. Wohlheter with house cleaning. Rev. Gesterling from Brown's Val ley preached at the Fred Schwarting residence Sunday. Rev. Sterfen will preach at the same place and hour on Sunday, May 8th. Mr. Joseph Coursall, of Morton, Minn., is visiting at the Rtr. St. Clair home. Linle Archer Krosch got his col lar bone broken one day last week. A visit to the doctor, and now the cute little fellow will soon be all right again. Linle Mabel, 8 year old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Peter Olson fell from a swing Monday of last week. She complained of head ache but not much else until Wednesday she be came unconscious and went into convulsions. Dr. Powell was sum moned and found that injuries to the head and spine resulting from the fall caused the very serious ill ness. She regained consciousness and by Thursday afternoon showed improvement which has continued steadily. "111 fares the land, to hastening ills a prey where wealth accumulates, and men decay," wrote Oliver Gold smith the Irish poet more than 200 years ago. How true it-is of 6n ditions in the world todtiy! The Rockefeller family has a yearly in come equal to that of one million working people's families. But no body whispers a word against this "hideous blot and foul disgrace" as Charles Dickens once called slavery in our land. A Good Will boy, young James Lynd, will play the part of the lead ing character in "The Gypsy Trail", the Senior Class play In the Ashby, Minn., High School on April 28th and 29th. In the January number of Har per's Magazine, urges Johnson writes: "Sixty tnilion people in this country never see a book, and only about 4 per cent of our population ever gef into a bookstore." That's startling news! That hits a good many of us farm people, especially the women folks. Someone wrote "Man's work Is from sun to sun, but woman's work is never done-," and it's true. There is too much, entirely and overwhelmingly too much work on the farm as it is to day. It leaves little time to read except on winter evenings. Is the reading of good books of any ben efit to us? To many blessed good workers, reading books and papers looks like "a waste of time," but Is it? How many are reading the Minnesota Dally Star, the best daily paper? Subscribe for it, and read it. THANKS NEWSPAPERS. HURON, S. D., April 21.—The South Dakota Farm Bureau federa tion in its state meeting at Huron last week unanimously passed the following resolution: Whereas,—The'Farm Bureau has a definite program for improving the business of agriculture, and the welfare of the general public is con cerned with what the Farm Bureau accomplishes, and Whereas, The Farm Bureau wants the sympathetic understand ing of the whole people for our aims, Therefore, Be It Resolved,—that the South Dakota Farm Bureau ex press its appreciation for the support given by the newspapers and farm papers to our program. The editors realize that we are sincerely trying to work out our problems. By pub lishing the straight facts concerning our organisation they are contribut ing materially not only to our suc cess but also to the confidence of the consuming public. We assert our willingness to be Judged im partially by the publication of all our aims and actions. SLAVERY IN SCOTLAND. Less than a century and a quarter ago the worken in the coal mines and salt mines of Scotland, were legally bound to the places in which they were employed, were bought and sold with them, and when they attempted to escape were pursued, arrested and returned. Their chil dren, If once employed, became sub ject to the aame servitude,. Fourteen of the high school pupils went out to Long Hollow tor a picnic after school Tuesday. A welner roast and a marshmallow roast were among the features of entertainment and the fact that knives, forks and cups wore forgot ten in the hurried preparations, ad de4 to, rather than deterred from, their enjoyment. They nil report a grand time. v, SISSETON WEEKLY STANDARD The Police Lid on Radical Meetings Civil Liberties Union tteporto Meth ods Throughout The U. 8. 88 Chiefs Answer Inquiry. The American Civil Liberties Union, headquarters 138 West 13th St., makes public today the report of a survey of police activities against radical labor speakers and meet ings in American cities. The report, based upon written answers by police chiefs of eighty eight cities to a questionaire deal ing entirely with the police at titude towards, radical meetings, makes it evident that the right to assembly accorded American citizens since the war, and reveals numerous instances where even this right is denied by city ordinance or police regulation. The right to hold street meetings without police or other interference, common throughout the country before the war, is, accord ing to the report, almost uniformly a thing of the past. In many cities, citizens are denied the right to hold meetings in halls without a police permit and in many cities radical meetings of any kind, in or out of halls, with or without permit, are strictly forbidden. Out of the eighty eight answers received by the Civil Liberties Union only eleven recog nized the unrestricted rjght to meet upon the public streets. Questions submitted to the police chiefs and a summarization of the replies thereto follow: 1. Are radical meetings being held in ^rour city, either in public or private places? Answers reveal that in only 27 out of the 88 cities are such meetings now held. 2. Are permits required for street meetings?—Answers show that per mits are required in 74 out of the 88 cities, and that only 11 police de partments recognize the unrestricted right to meet upon the public streets. The eleven cities where the right of free speech is recogniscd are Boston, Detroit, Baltimore, Gal veston, Tex., Springfield, Mass., Harrisburg, Pa., Fort Wayne, Terre Haute, Ind., Lincoln, Neb., Berkeley, Cal., and Camden, N. J. other cities not directly replying but where no permits are required are New York City and St. Louis. 3. Are permits required for meet ings held upon private property?— Answers from 56 cities said the? right to hire a hall was unrestricted while answers from 21 cities stated that meetings on private property were not allowed without a police permit. 4. Is police protection extended to radical meetings?—Answers from 34 cities said protection is given and from 25 that it is not. 5. Is a close watch kept on radical meetings?—Answers from 54 cities were,in the affirmative and 2 in the negative in 26 cities stenographic notes are frequently taken at such meetings by the police, while in 36 cities no such rule is followed. It is ev!flent that in the majority of American cities police surveillance at meetings does not go to this length. 6. Are the police Instructed to interfere if they believe that danger ous speeches are being made? Are the police instructed not to Interfere until some act in violation of law is committed? These questions contain an opposition in Ideas but 34 out of 68 police chiefs answered "yes" in both cases. Of the 34 chiefs who got the point of both questions, 16 replied they would wait for some act In violation of law before interfering, while 18 said they would interfere without waiting for an act. 7. Would you protect radical meet ings against Interference by such groups as chambers of commerce and posts of the American Legion, and what would the police attitude be toward requests by these groups that radical meetings be prevented? —Answers from 32 police chiefs ar» that they would protect the meet ings and disregard the protests, and from 10 that they would prevent meetings on such requests. The conclusions of the American Civil Liberties Union, contained In the report, are as follows: 1st.—That the.police act against radlcala in response to what they conceive to be theW "patriotic duty", regardless of the authority of ordi nance or state laws. Where ordi nances are lacking to cover their activities, they use the blanket pro visions of "disturbing \the peace," "disorderly conduct," "blocking traflle," ftc. Even in the half dosen cities where specific ordinances against seditious utterances have been passed, there have been few. If any, arrests under them, the police preferring to make cases un der more familiar and less specific laws. Ind.—That the activity of the police varies in accordance with pressure from outside the depart ment, either from the newspapers or the local commercial or "patrioteer ing" organizations. The actual replies, however, indicate the con trary attitude to this stimulus. The acivity varies, too, with the political situation,, letting up usually during campaign, when discrimination is more difficult. 3rd-—That the chiefs of police frequently are either ill-informed or misrepresent the activities of their men in dealing with radicals, for many of them make statements far more sweeping than their acts. This probably is due to a desire to claim conventional "patriotic" virtues, while taking things easy. 4th.—Conditions vary locally accordance with the contending forces, traditions, newspaper opinion and politics. The larger the city, usually the more freedom from in terference (Philadelphia conspicu ously excepted). New York City, for instance, permits meetings in the public streets and public halls with out any police control whatever. Philadelphia requires a detailed po lice permit for every public meet ing, wherever held. 5th.—On the whole, freedom to hold radical meetings has been grow ing ever since the November elec tion, and indeed gradually for over a year. I. W. W. halls are again open in about 20 cities. Bill Hay wood, for instance, has been able to speak within the year in over a score of cities from the Pacific to the Atlantic, with only Ave cases of interference. (Pittsburgh, Cincin nati, Erie, Pa., Youngstown, O.. Spokane, Wash.) Other well-known, radical speakers report the same growth In freedom to speak as the anti-red agitation has diminished, temporarily, at least. This freedom can also be accounted for by the decreased activity of radical move tnetns in the present economic de pression. in areas of active In dustrial conflict, freedom of speech and assemblage are usually prompt ly denied the workers, either by troops or constabularies, or by the increasing resort to injunctions. 6th.—A number of cities, chiefly the larger, have rather consistently maintained freedom of assemblage,— making no requirements for per mits or other m$ans of control over meetings on private property, no even in the public streets. Some cities set aside special places in the streets or parks for public meet ings. Claire City Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Anderson and children autoed to Peever Saturday, to visit over Sunday at the H. Dun ham house. Mr. Henry Kugstad of Colfax is vlstiting relatives here this week. Alfred Larson, Ted Huhn, Palmer Rodland and Fred Lampert autoed to SiSseton Saturday. Lewis Brandell visited with his son George near Hankison Saturday. Miss Sadie Brandell, Ludwlg and Selvla Larson spent Monday evening at Hans Hillestad's. Mrs. Fred Schloe, who has been visiting relatives at Hankison the past week, returned home Saturday. She was accompanied by her Sister, Mrs. Fred Kluge. James Baldwin and Ernest Mathie son autoed to Lldgewood Friday on business. Elmer Krogstad returned home Wednesday from Faith, S. D., where he h$p spent the past week. Walter Mashek, of Lldgewood, was a caller here Saturday. Agnes Twite and Ethel Oreseth were guests at the M. Roen home Sunday. Mrs. R. O. Gauper, Mrs. John Vollmer, Mrs. E. O. Anderson, Mrt. R. H. Oqnderson and daughter Mar ios were Veblen shoppers Tuesday. Clayton Soulak, who is attending school at Lldgerwood, spent over Sunday with the home folks. A. F. Oaukler autoed to Lldger wood Friday. Julius Walstad was a Veblen vls Itor Saturday. Mrs. S. M. Satre and son Roy autoql to Siseton Friday. They were accompanied home by Miss Iona. Miss Elvira Olson returned home this week from Minneapolis where she has been visiting relatives the past two months. Alexander Gunnarson, who is at tending school at Slssetdn, spent over Sunday with his parents. Olaf Moen, of Appleton, Minn., Is visiting at Hans Ronglle's this week. Mr. Oscar Krogstad and family, Mr. and Mrs. Knute Walstad visited at Clarence Satre's Sunday. Miss 8adie Brandell, Mr. and Mrs. B. O. Anderson, and children spent Tuesday evening at Hans Twite's. TOYMSmr Cigarette No oigaratta has Hi* sama daliolous flavor as Luoky Strlka. Baoausa Luoky Strlk* is the toasted oigaratta. Alvin Johnson returned Friday from Fergus Falls. IMr. Henry Hanson and family visited relatives at Hillhead this week. Miss Iona Satre, Olaf and Alex ander Gunnarson autoed to Sisseton Sunday evening. The ball game played by Claire City and North Dakota teams here Sunday resulted in a victory for Claire City, the score being 20 to 4. Miss Iona Satre spent Saturday at Clarence Satre's. A large crowd attended the Wood men entertainment given by Horacc Huron in the Claire City Hall Fri day evening. Mrs. Fred Schloe and Mrs. Freil Kluge visited at Magnus Hansons Sunday. The Bethel Young People Society will meet In the Bethel church Sun day, May 8. Everybody welcome. H. L. Twite shipped a car of stock for the shipping association Satur day. The Claire City shipping associa tion held their annual meeting in the drug store Saturday afternoon, a good report was rendered by H. L. Twite, the shipper. (Last Week.) •Miss Laura Krogstad Is spending the week at the Oscar Krogstad home. Mr. John Holland left Tuesday for Rochester, Minn., where he will take Medical treatment. Mr. Ed Swanson, Mary Hanson and Beryl Huhn were Veblen visitors Wednesday. •Mr. and Mrs. Carl Langfeldt and daughter, Edna, of Lldgewood, were' callers here Wednesday. Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Satre and daughter Inez spent over Sunday at the Knute Walstad home. Albert Wenschlag is on the sick list this week. Thd Lutheran Ladies Aid was entertained by Mrs. 5. M. Satre Wednesday afternoon. Mrs. Tom Sandsmack joined the Aid. Mr. and Mrs. R. o. Gauper were Sisseton visitors Wednesday. Mr. and Mrs. Pete Bottum of Sis seton were callers here Monday. Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Mathleson were Sisseton shoppers Tuesday. Mr. John Gunro, R. H. Gunder son and Jerry Kuck were Sisseton business callers Tuesday. Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Mathieson, Selma Johnson, Martha and Albert Llnnen spent Monday evening at the. A. K. Johnson home. Mr. R. H. Gunderson and E. Rip7 ley autoed to Sisseton Saturday. Iva Gauper Is visiting a few days with her sister Mrs. John Vollmers of New Ellington. Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Mathleson,' Mr. and Mrs. Alvin Johnson left Saturday for Wyndmoor, N. D.. where the latter will leave for Fer gus Falls, where she will undergo an opperation for appendicitis. Mr. P. A. Gunnarson and son Olaf autoed to Sisseton Saturday. Mrs. R. o. Gou per was a New Ef flngton visitor this week. W. F. Carlberg of Sisseton was a caller here Wednesday. Alexander Gunnarson, who is at tending school at Sisseton, spend over Sunday with the home folks. Mr. Henry Helvlg, of Minneapolis, Mr. Leo Lukenttsch, Mr. H. M. °ady, Mr. Lief Glosmeith and Dr. Lpngstreth of Sisseton were Claire City visitors this week. Mr. Albert Llnnen left Wednesday for Montana to visit relatives. Mr. Christ Gederos and family, Mr. Oscar Krogstad and family visited at Knute Walstad's Sunday. ®®r. and Mrs. Clarence Johnson, rfiss Hilda Olson, and Mr. Math*eson autoed to Wyndmore Sunday. A very Interesting ball game was clayed Sunday afternoon between the married men and alngle men of Claire City. The score being 18 to In favor of the married men.