Newspaper Page Text
a" k. 11ACKKI) BY NEARLY ALL THE PROGRESSIVE MIDDLE WEST ERN ('ONGRESSMEX, THE 'RE- By Walter W. Liggett Special Correspondent Washington, D. C. Aug. 24.—An insurgent movement of unexpected strength, led by James A. Frear of 3ouse j}sconsin and former Republican Leader "Jim" Mann of Illi nois, temporarily defeated President Harding's plan to give a bonus of about $350,00.0,000 to the war pro fiteers by making retroactive to Jan. 1, 1921, the repeal of the excess prof its tbx and the reduction of the higher surtaxes on individual in comes. Backed by nearly all the pro gressive middlewestern congressmen, including Sinclair of North Dakota and Keller of Minnesota, the Republi can members of the House In caucus last week turned down the ways and means committee's recommenda tions to jthis effect by a vote of 95 to 87. Practically all other provisions of the bill reported by Chairman Fordney .of the ways and means com mittee were left tinchanged and, un der a special rule which allowed only two days o( debate and made it al most impossible to amend the bill Item by Item, the revenue measure passed the House last Saturday'vby a top-heavy majority. The Fordney revenue bill retains most of-'-tk?) 'squitahlt- viovl'ltoils 'which have been criticized in my pre vious letters. By repealing the ex cess profits tax and reducing the higher income surtax from a maxi mum of 65 per cent to 32 percent, it relieves less than 5,000 millionaires of taxes aggregating more than $600,000,000 and throws an addi tional burden upon small merchants, manufacturers and jobbers by in creasing the corporation income tax from 10 to 12 1-2 per cent. The bill does, however, increase the individ ual exemption for a head of a family from $2,000 to $2,500 and the ad ditional exemption for dependents is raised from $200 to' $400. The sav ings accomplished by these two changes only aggregate $70,000, 000 and will not begin to offset the great reductior.s made in the tax burden of the wealthy. The bill also repeals the transportation tax a thoroughly meritorious move, which will reduce the country's annual transportation bill by $262,000,000. The bill finally adopted by the House caucus is much better than the measure originally planned by Fordney, Longworth, Mellon and Harding. The first draft, according to "inspired" newspaper announce ments, retained the transportation tax and all the ruisance taxes, levied at $10 tax on automobiles and pro posed to increase the first class post age rates from two to three corns. As It crowning perfidy, this bill not only repealed the excess profits tax and reduced by one-half the tax on in comes of mor? than $100,00J, but proposed to mr.l*e this retroactive to Jan. 1, 1921, v.'.iich would virtually have miade a gift of $390,000,000 to the great profiteers, as most of these concerns had included their tax in their prices and already passed it along to the consuming public. Thi-t indefensible proposal is said to have been suggested by President Hard ing himself and.it was onlv defeated by the vigorous protest of a handful of Republican progressives \7ho threatened to carry the fight onto the floor of the House. INSURGENTS BLOCK PRESIDENT HARDING'S PUN TO GIVE WAR GRAFTERS$350,000,000 BONUS I'l llLK AN MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE TURN DOWN WAYS AN1) MEANS COMMITTEE RECOM MENDATIONS TO THIS EFFECT VOTE STOOD 95 TO 87 Practically All Other Provisions of The Bill Were Left Unchanged As Orginally Reported Lower Taxes By Borrowing Republican leaders are claiming that the Fordney revenue bill will reduce taxes $193,640,004 for the present fiscal year $377,790,000 for the fiscal year 1922: iand $790,000, 000 for the fiscal year 192) but these saving? are purely problem atical and only have he?n accom plished on paper by very obvious juggling of figures. August 4, Secre tary Mellon ieported to the way and means coinmit'ee that the Treasury department estimated the expendi tures for the current year at $41. 550,000,000 of which 93.830.00o must be provided by taxation. This was considerably higher than the es timates made by Ctmlrman Fordney and created consternation in Re publican ranks. There were hasty conferences at the White House, and fcs a result, Aug. 1 Secretary Mellon issued another statement .that gov ernmental expenses would be only 9M34.004.000 of which but »». •75,000,000 must be raised by tax ... 1' Iv Secretary Mellon's first report stated that "the estimates which the treasury has represented may be re garded as conservative" and after pointing out thiat the actual money paid out for July was $55,000,000 more than for the same month a year ago, added that "if expenditures are to continue lat anything like these rates, the estimates will be greatly exceeded." In view of these strong statmeuts his sudden drastic reduc tion—evidently made under presi dental pressure—lay considerable doubt upon the accuracy of his "re vised estimate." Secretary Mellon's "revised figures" depend largely up on the salvage of war materials, col lection of back taxes and increased revenue from the tjariff. In the opin ion of experts none of these sources will yield anything like the revenue Mellon estimated in his ''revised" re port, and, if this be true, there will be a deficiency of several hundred million dollars at the end of the year which'will have to be met by borrowing. Republicans expect such la defi ciency, as a matter of fact, for the revenue bill itself contains a clause allowing the Secretary of the Treas ury to issue $500,000,000 addition al certificates of indebtedness which will be needed before the end of the yea tomeet the shortage due to "tax reductions." But few persons will be aware of this, land, in the meantime the Administration will claim credit for lowering taxes, when, it actually is increasing the public debt and de liberately deceiving the people. Dye Embargo Defeated The United States Chemical Foundation was organised by a lit tle syndicate which purchased at a forced sale the patents seised from German manufacturers under the alien custodian act. Frank Garvin, alien custodian, land four of his as sistants, are members of the syndi cate which purchased these patents at a ridiculously low^sum. The whole proceeding was questionable and ought' to call for a congressional in vestigation, but instead of that the Chemical Foundation, not satisfied with the excessive duties of the Ford ney tariff bill, is asking for an em bargo on all foreign dye stuffs. This would give the Chemical Foundation an absolute monopoly and allow it to charge American consumers ex orbitant prices for inferior goods. This outrageous proposal was voted down by the House of Representa tives, many Republicans joining the Democratic opposition, but President Harding recently wrote Nicholas Longworth urging that the dye em bargo clause be reinserted in the tariff bill which is being rewritten by the Senate finance committee. Thanks largely to the energetic ef forts may be made by the Adminis tration to put it through. Gag Rule In Rail Relief Representatives of labor organi zation were prevented from testify ing before the Senate interstate commerce committee on the Town send bill which allows the Railroad administration to sell $500,000,000 of government securities and $1, 000,000,000 of rail road securities to be turned over to the transporta tion companies. The railroad corpor ations were given two months in which to present evidence showing that they needed relief, but when or ganized labor flame to oppose this plan to pay out enormous sums to the carriers, Senators Watson of In diana and Kellogg of Minnesota en gineered a bold coupe which abrupt ly closed the hearings. The railroad brotherhoods intended to prove that the railroiads had squandered mil lions of dollars through repair com panies in which railroad officials were interested and they also intend ed to show the hollowness of some of the preposterous claims miade by the railroads against the government. William H. Johnston, president, of the International Association of Machinists, denounced the gag rule as "un-American, tyranical and auto cratic" and added that "this is only one more evidence of 'railroad own ership of government' as contrasted with our demand for public owner ship of railroads." The Townsend bill will be reported favottably, but Senator LaFollette has announced he. will flilibuster, if necessary, to beat it and the Administration is expect ed to let it go over until after the re cess, although this bit of high financ ing is Harding's ace card In his long overdue "return to normalcy." New Farm Btoc Formed Seventeen Republican senators from western agricultural states have formed a new "farmers bloc." The new bloc will fight for adequate tar iff protection for farm products. Each senator will list the Harm products from his state which he thinks re quire protection,'with the tariff ex pected, and this will be scaled down by an. executive committee. When def inite schedules areagreed upon, all members of the bloc are pledged to stiand together. Snator Ladd a member ot the bloc, bat Senators McCumber of NortJj Dakota and Kel Cootin »i on page Mi-r In the general case, an attempt to secure a reduction of about thirty per cent in all live stock rates. Chicago and 'west was made. The hearings were held in Denver and Chieago, and oral argument prevailed before the commission in Washington, D. C. July 15. The interstate commerce commission refused to formally con demn the rates but suggested that the railroads voluntarily reduce live stock rate twenty per cent where they are now over 50 cents per 100 pounds. Sheriff Baker Gets Another Still and all the Trimmings For some time Sheriff Homer Bak er has been sniffing about to locate the source of a scent of moonshine which was pervading the air. Several times he had it almost cinched, but the odors would fade away and he'd have to leave the trail for a season. But about a couple of weeks ago the suspected ones disappeared and were not located until the latter part of last week when two parties cruising about through by-roads and ravines came upon the law-breakers, located in a tent, with a numner of stills in operation. The invaders doubtless startled the moonshiners but their fears were allayed when the intrud ers asked to be allowed to purchase a bottle of the sparkling liquor. Their request was grtanted and the trusty Ford chugged back to Sisse ton where the bottle was turned over to Sheriff H. Baker. He in company with deputy John Minder, and some friends drove to the scene of opera tions. The offenders were bachelor brothers, by the name of Reiser, making moonshine in the most fil thy manner possible in the most fil thy tent. These brothers are bach elors, somewhat along in years, who own fine farms situated about two and one half miles from the tent in the ravine. After working all night Baker and Minder succeeded in load ing the stills, the mash and the moonshine and the chief offender in to the car and brought them into Slsseton. Reiser regards the whole affair as a joke and begged for a drink of his manufactured beverage when he awoke the next morning. CARD OF THANKS For the many beautiful flowers, kind words and actions and for the faith In human kindness inspired in us and strengthened, we wish to try to express our heartfelt gratitude. Lois is gone but you biave helped to leave us only pleasant memories. B. F. Atwood and family. SISSETON, SOUTH DAKOTA, FRIDAY, AUG. 26, 1921 jHE ELDER HARDING AND HIS BRIDE The first photograph of Dr. George T. Harding, dent, who at 72 has taken hi» ttrno^rapbcn Mi** Afic bride. The two arc contii him in his office practice, years. NEW RAIL RATES Livestock Shipping Costs Are Not Changed By Interstate Com merce Body In State Aberdeen, S. D„ Aug. 19.—Failure of the interstate commerce commis sion to order a general reduction In live stock rates, declared E. M. Hen dricks, traffic expert, will not affect the South Dakota case, wherein the state railroad commission acting for the people of the state allege that the rates are discriminatory and un reasonable as compared with rates from Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota and Nebraska. This case still pending before the commission will be handled in the usual manner aad a decision may be expected late in the fall. ni» mil n»v« W lather oI the Prcsi* ice Severn* 12. as Ms MUM their w«rfc at ttarion. Ohhk the aiding Tne bride hw beta hit assistant.for el0M mm mm HIS OATS CROP I NETS 11 CENTS Kimball Farmer Smiles Crosswise When Expense Eats Up His 14-Bushel Yield Kimball, S. D., Aug. 15.—After de ducting his taxes, his threshing ex penses including the board of the men and'the cost of hauling grain to town and the cost of seed, Ed Sailor, a Brufle county farmer, figures that he will realise a gross profit of 11 cents on his oat crop this year. His oats on his farm on the edge of town yield 14 bushels per acre and spld for 15 cents per bushel. As^-tt happens, the tax on the land producing the oats is $1 an acre and this added to his threshing bill, the cost of the seed and numerous other expenses, exhausted the proceeds from the grain. When he returned home from town after selling his oats he took with him a package of rolled oats for the children, which cost at the rate of $3.20 a bushel. He sold 32 head of cattle at $4.50 per hundred and his barley, which yielded 17 bushels per acre, for 28 cents a bushel. His wheat yielded nine bushels per acre. ,v Farmer Captures Escaped Convicts From S. D. Prison Sioux Falls, S. D., Aug. 24.—Lewis Whitmarsh and Joe Foreman, con victs who escaped over the wall of the South Dakota penitentiary here last Tuesday were yesterday captured a few miles outside of Canton. S. D.. by a farmer. The men were brought back to Sioux Falls by Warden Jame son early last night. LOI'ISVILLE MAYOR TO 1IGHT KU KLUX KLAN liOulsville, Ky., Aug. 22.— Terming the Ku Klux Klan an optimization which "ull thought ful men must be convinced is a nKMUice to the peace and good understanding between tlie pro pic I«uisvllle," Mayor Smith totliiy Issued a statement assert ing that he would use "every lawful means to prevent and suppress Its itrowth in our com munity." The mayor's state nviit came on the heels of an* nouncement In local newspapers advertising for recruits for the older. METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH Sunday School, 10 a. m. Morning worship. 11 a. m. Epworth and Junior Leagues, 7 p. m. Services at Otto School House, 2:30 p. m. Rev. J. W. Irwin Will preach. Our union meetings have been a great success both in attendance and spirit. These meetings bring about a spirit of harmony between the churches, which is beneficial to the whole community. Let us have a rec ord attendance Sunday evening. Henry D. Gough, Kenneth Osman, who has been spending some time in Montana and Washington, returned home Monday noon. Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Wohleheter, post master of White, 8. D., sppnt Sunday with his son W. P. ot Good will towa«U» Bonus Bonds Not Yet Sold The word has been given out that the bonus bonds voted by South Dakota are not sold. The interests that buy bonds don't want any bonus money distrib uted. The payment of large sums of money in bonuses to soldiers would upset the care fully laid plans of the big'ones to deflate the farmers and break the labor unions. Their method of doing that was to withdnaw about two billion dollars in currency in the last six months, and are refusing to issue more. They put prices down that way and wa,nt to keep them down. Natural^ they would oppose any move ment which would increase the money supply and start prices upward. It is to b9 bop^d the bonus bonds may be &«\ld, but if they tare not the reason is plain: Wall Street dou't want the bonus paid.—Sou'.h Dako ta Leader. Firebug Gets Year in Jail Held For Incendiarism He Gets Twelve Months Of Hard Labor Sioux Falls, S. D. Aug. 24.—J. M. Hagen, who was recently arrested on a charge of incendiarism, appear ed in the Day county circuit and en tered a plea of guilty. He was sen tenced to one year at hard labor fn the Day county jail. Last fall the home of A Hanson, of Veblen, caught fire but the Veblen fire department put the fire oai'W fore the building was consumed. There were vatfous mysterious cir cumstances, but no one'CQuld ascer tain Just how to determine the «ause. At this time Hagen, who had been in Veblen up to the time of the Are, dis appeared for about two weeks re turning to Veblen at the end of that period. In the meantime Hanson had moved to a place 20 miles east of Roslyn. Recently rumors were circulated to the effect that the Hanson home had been burned to collect the in surance, and before very long the ar rests of Hagen and Honson followed. -Hagen, after pleading guilty, claimed that Hanson had hired him to set fire to the house for $40 but that he never had been given the money. Hanson was bound over to the next term of circuit court under bonds of $5,000 .which he has been unable to furnish. The nature of the defense to be made by Hanson is a matter of keen speculation. It is believed he will re pudiate the confession and charge made by Hagen and seek to secure his acquittal by setting up as bis de fense that he knew nothing of the fire and that the story of Hagen is a pure fabrication. .-t A recent number of a Minneapolis daily contained the likeness of Miss Elizabeth M. Evans, of Sapporo, Japan. She is the head of the North ern Star Girl's school of that city. She is now on a year's furlough which she will spend with her par ents, Rev. and Mrs. D. E. Evans, of Minneapolis. Miss Evans will be re membered by many readers of this paper, .having taught three years at the Goodwill Mission when her fath er was superintendent there. She has been in Japan for the past ten years. The' Japanese school where Miss Evans has been teaching has a corps of twenty teachers. The Rev. Evans is now pastor of Calvary Presbyter ian church, of Minneapolis. Robbers Active LakeNorden, S. D., Aug. 19.—Rob bers entered the Larson Hardware company's store here last night and hauled away $1,000 worth of guns, silver-ware nd cutlery in truck. Also at Cotton Colton, S. D., Aug. 19.—Between $800 and $1,000 worth of guns cut lery, watches and a phonograph were taken by robbers who broke in to the store of the Colton Hardware com pany here last night. *,y ATTORNEY COMES TO JOIN DAN LOUCKS Lloyd B. Peterson, a practicing at torney, whose former home was in 8isseton, has arrived in the city, and will be connected with the D. K. Loucks law office. Mr. Peterson is a gmduate of the state" university 'at Vermillion, and comes to the city very, well recom mended. He will be Joined by Mrs. Peterson the first of October.—Wa tertown Public Opinion. No. 10 HENRY FORD DIES SUDDENLY HERE TUESDAY EVENING FALLS TO PAVEMENT UNCON SCIOUS WHILE WALKING ALONG STREET—DIES FEW MINUTES AFTER IN HOSPITAL A little after eight o'clock, Tues day evening, when walking pa.n Wal etich land Plut's store, Harrv Ford dropped unconscious to 'he' pave ment. He was hurried to the Powell Hospital, but died in a few minutes. He was a man about sixty years of age, tend had made his home in Sis seton since its early days. He had fol a a I times past, and of late year? had picked up what odd jobs he could find. He was of a cheerful disposition and a loyal friend. He lived unobtru sively land harmed no one. He had no known relatives. A short funeral service was conducted from the Cahiil undertaking rooms Wed nesday morning by Rev. H. D. Gough, and the body laid to rest la the Slsseton cemetery. EXTRA PAY FOR SOLONS TESTED GOVERNOR DE TERMINES TO TAKE ACTION Pierre. Aug. 25.—After a confer ence with state officers, Governor McMaster sent the following state ment to Attorney General Payne: "Th9 sut? a'i t«r announced some time ago that he would refuse pay ment of vouchers Of members ot the legislature tor certain additional ex pense allowances authorised by re cent legislative enactment, as the auditor detfires the validity of such enactment tested in the courts. "I feel that it is just and proper that the auditor refuse payment of certain eipense allowances ot con stitutional officers, of house rent tor (M governor, and additional ex pense allowance for the auprenqft court,-as well as expense allowance^ of th? Judges ot the circuit courts, lit order that the legality of those al lowances may be tested in the courts. "I therefore direct you, as attor ney general of the state, to begin ac tion to enjoin the state auditor from the payment of the above enumerat ed allowances, in order that the le gality of same may be definitely set tled. "Also the constitutional validity of the additional salary granted to the superintendent of public instruction as executive officer of the state board of education, and the salary granted the attorney general for work In connection with the securi ties commission should be tested. "Inasmuch as these two salary al lowances are somewhat similar ia nature, and in view of the fact that the governor cannot direct the at torney general to begin action against himself, I will Hake such action as is necessary to have these matters test ed. "Notwithstanding the fact that these allowances were duly author ized by the legislature, still I feel that no state officer desires to re ceive an allowance granted by legis lative enactment, if there is the slightest question as to its constitu tionality." PROGRESSIVE TEACHERS The Northern Normal and Indus trial School offers courses that lead to all types of State Certificates and the B. A. Degree in Education. Over 1000 progressive teachers attended the Summer session. Free scholar ships for ex-service men, for honor high school graduates, and for Nom inees by state senators and represent atives. Fall quarter opens Septem ber 19th, 1921. Send for catalog or illustrated booklet. Special bulletins on Physical Education for men. 1 Harold W. Foght, President. A-26-2t-pd. 1 New Rules Passed For Classification of N. Dakota Land Blsmark, N. D., Aug. 17.—'Rules for the classification of lands for the purpose of taxation, which according. to the new law effective July 1 must be done by county commissioner upon petition ot not less than twenty, per cent of the free-holders ot the acreage property, have been Issued by Hax Commissioner Wallace. In valuing agricultural lands, the* composition, nature and fertility ot the soil will represent 70 per cent ot the value the topography 20 per cent, and proximity to mhrket 10 per cent. In determining value of grazing land, soil productivity will repre sent 75 per cent ot the value and ac cessibility to water 25 per cent. Does a B. C. S. Degree mean, any thing? It not don't write, it so, writ* South Dakota School of Busiaesa,' Watertown. Mow.