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it'?*'* |4 Si. ^101 TWO 1 EXTRA PAY FOR SOLONS TESTED Qotcnor DeUmiMR to Take Action to Decide Constitutionality ftt Law ....... Pierre, Aug. 25.—After a confer ence with state officers, Governor McMaster sent the following state ment to Attorney General Payne: 'The state auditor announced some time ago that he would refuse pay ment of vouchers of members of the legislature for certain additional ex pense allowances authorized by re cent legislative enactment, as the auditor desires the validity of such enactment tested in the courts. "I feel that it is Just and proper that the auditor refuse payment of certain expense allowances of con stitutional officers, of house rent for the "governor, and additional expense allowance for the supreme court, as well as expense allowances of the Judges of the circuit courts, in order that the legality of those allowances may be tested in the courts. "I therefore direct you, as atter ney general of the state, to begin ac tio* to enjoin the state, auditor from the payment of the above enumerated allowances, in order that the legal ity of same may be definitely settled. ^Also the constitutional validity of .the additional salary granted to the superintendent of public instruc tion as executive officer of the state board of education, and the salary granted the atorney general for work in .connection with the securities commission should be tested. "Inasmuch as these two salary al low§nces are somewhat similar in nature, and in view of the fact that the governor cannot direct the attor ney.general to begin action against himself, I will take such action as is necestry to have these matters test ed. "Notwithstanding the fact that these allowances were duly author ited.by the legislature, still I feel 'that'this meets with the hearty ap proval of all concerned, for the rea son that no state officer desires to receive an allowance granted by leg la lailve enactment it there is the slightest question as to its constitu tionality." Newliules Passed for Classification of No. Dak. Land Bismarck, N. D., Aug 24.—Rules for the classification of lands for the purpose of taxation, which accord ing to the new law effective July 1 must b^ done by county commission er upon petition of not less than twenty per cent of the free holders of the acreage property, have been .issued by Tax Commissioner Wal .lace, iiw. vfinlng agricultural lands, the c6mpontion, nature and fertility of the soil will represent 70 per cent of the valve the topography 20 per cent, and proximity to market 10 per cent. In determining value of gracing land, soil poductivity will represent IS per cent of the value and acces sibility to water 25 per cent. To se«l in the deliotous Burloy tobacco flavor. 4- It's Toasted We will sell for -mi kI'lSS Ti-J JtK MfeSy BY WALTER W. LIGGETT WASHINGTON, D. C. An In surgent movement of unexpected strength, led by James A. Frear of Wisconsin and former Republican house leader, "Jim" Mann of Illinois, temporarily defeated President Hard ing's plan to give a bonus of about $350,000,000 to the war profiteers by making retroactive to January 1,1921, the repeal of the excess profits tax and the reduction of the higher sur taxes on individual incomes. Backed by nearly all the progressive middle western congressman, includ ing Sinclair of North Dakota and Kel ler of Minnesota, the Republican mem bers of th«house, in caucus last week, turned down theways and means com mittee's recommendations to this ef fect by a vote of 95 to_87. Practically all other provisions of the bill reported by Chairman Fordney of the ways and means committee were left unchanged, and, under a special rule which allowed only two days of debate and made it almost impossible to amend the bill item by item, the revenue measure passed the house last Saturday by a topheavy majority. A FEW GOOD CHANGES The Fordney revenue bill retains most of the inequitable provisions which have been criticized in my pre vious letters. By repealing the ex cess profits tax and reducing the higher income surtax from a maxi mum of 65 per cent to 32 per cent, it relieves less than 5,000 millionaires of taxes aggregating more than $600, 000,000 and throws an additional bur den upon small merchants, manufac turers and jobbers by increasing the corporation income tax from 10 to 12% per cent. The bill does, however, increase the individual exemption for a head of a family from $2,000 to $2,500 and the additional exemption for dependents is raised from $200 to $400. The sav ings accomplished by these twp changes only aggregate $70,000,000 and will not begin to offset the great reductions made jn (he tax burden pf the wealthy. Thebill also repeals the transportation tax, a thoroughly mer itorious move, which will reduce the country's annual transportation bill by $262,000,000. ,, LOWER TAIIS^ BORROWING Republican leaders are claiming that the Fordney revenue bill will re duce taxes $193,640,000 for the pres ent fiscal year $377,790,000 for the fiscal year 1922 and $790,000,000 for. the fiscal year 1923 but these savings are purely problematical and only have been accomplished on paper by very obvious juggling of figures. AugWt 4 Secretary Mellon reported to the ways and means committee that the treasury department estimated the expenditures for the current year 665 rhnA\. 6ttIE"on August 10 Secretary Mellon issued another stateMeat that govern mental expertises would be only $4, 034,000,000, of which but $3,075,000, 000 must be raised by taxation. PLAN FOR BONUS TO PROFITEERS DEFEATED BY INSURGENT VOTING OUR WASHINGTON LETTER Administration Wanted to Date Abolition of Excess Prof its Tax and Reduction of Big Income Taxes Bade to January I, 1921—5,000 Millionaires Relieved of More Than $600,000,000—Extensive Borrowing Secret of Ad vertised Tax Reductions—Labor Officials Barred From $500,000,000 Railroad Loan Inquiry. at $4,550.000,000j of which $3,830,000,- kota and Kellogg and Nelson of Min 000 must be provided by taxation. I nesota were not asked to join because This was considerably higher thgnihs rf their strong prp-administration at ftw3eiiy Chairman F6ran£? tftutlSr and"Seated consternation in Republi- Secretary Mellon's first report stated that "the estimates which the treasury has represented may be re garded as conservative" and after pointing out that the actual money paid out for July was $55,000,000 more than for the same month a year ago, added that "if expenditures are to continue at anything like these rates, the estimates will be greatly exceed ed." In view of these strong state ments his sudden drastic reduction— evidently made under presidential pressure—lays considerable doubt ui on the accuracy of his "revised esti mate." Secretary Mellon's "revised figures" depend largely upon the sal vage of war materials, collection of back taxes and increased revenue from the tariff. In the opinion of experts none of these souses will yield any thing like the revenue Mellon. esti mated in his "revised" report, and, this be tonus, there will be a deficiency of several hundred million dollars at the end of the year which will have to be met by borrowing.. GAG RULE IN RAIL RELIEF Representatives of labor organiza tions were prevented from" testifying before the senate interstate commerce committee on the Townsend bill which allows the railroad administration to tell $600,000,000 of govertimeht 'secur ities and $1,000,000,000 of railroad se rcritiesto.be turned over to the trans portation companies. The- railroad ...corporation® were given two montha in which to present evidence showing that they iwejtad re lief, but when organised labor came to oppose this plan to p»y out enor notts sums to (he carriers, Senators Watson of Indiana add Kellogg of Kinneaot* engineered a bold coup which abhiptly closed the hearings. L' Tke railroad brotherhoods intended to Mrti that th« railroads Had squan millions of doHars through re Hit in whidk railroad offi- mm#1 cials were interested and they also in tended to show the hollowness of some of the preposterous claims made by railroads against the government. William H. Johnston, president of the International Association of Maehin ists, denounced the gag rule as "un-! American, tyrannical and autocratic" and added that "this is only on* qpore evidence of 'railroad ownership Of jgov-j eminent' as contrasted with our de mand: -for public ownership of rail roads,* The Townsend bill will be reported favorably, but Senator La Follette-has announced he will filibuster, if rtteft sary, to: beat it and the administration is expected to let it go over until-afW the recess, although this bit of high financing -is Harding's ace card ia his long overdue "return to normalcy." NEW FARM BLOC FORMED Seventeen Republican senators from western agricultural states have form ed a new "farmers' bloc." The new bloc will fight for adequate, tod? pro tection for farm prodiicii. Each sena tor will list the farm products f*om his state which he thinks require pro tection, with the tariff expected, and this will be scaled down by an execu tive committee. When definite sched ules are agreed upon, all members of the bloc are pledged to stand together. Senator Ladd is a member of the bloc, but Senators McCumber of North Da- bi rt^n bloc S V* ed almost as many Democrats as Re ences at the White House an* al a re- publicans W88 SISSETON WEEKLY STANDARD J, fei. DTE EMBARGO DEFEATED The United States Chemical founda tion w^s OrganizecLby a little syndi cate vUjigeh purchased at a forced-aale the patents sefeedfrom German manu facturers under the alien custodian act. Franlc -Gal-vin, alien custodian, and four of his assistants are members of the syndicate which purchased, .these patents at a ridiculously low sum. The whole proceeding was question able and ought to call for a congres sional investigation, but instead of that the chemical foundation, not sat isfied with the excessive duties of the Fordney tariff bill, is asking for an embargo on all foreign dyestuffs. This would give the chemical founda tion an absolute monopoly and allow it to charge American consumers ex orbitant prices for inferior goods. This outrageous proposal was voted down by the house of representatives, many Republicans joining the Demo cratic opposition, but President Hard ing recently wrote Nicholas Long worth urging that the dye embargo clause be reinserted in the tariff bill which is being rewritten by the senate finance committee. Thanks largely to the energetic effort&of Representative Frear this proposal haslieen defeated, temporarily at least, although it is possible renewed efforts may be made by the administration to put it through. number- deliberately disrupted by the administration. Harding op posed the Norris farm export bill and wanted to "aid the farmers" through the War Finance corporation, because this would enable him to couple up the farmers with the railroads and permit the $500,000,000 appropriation for the carriers to go through without too much opposition. In pursuance with this plan, Eugene Meyer Jr., director of the War Finance corporation, approached certain south ern senators and informed them that if they would vote for the administra tion bill large sums of money would be loaned by the government to' cotton exporters of their state. The southern ers allowed themselves to be influenc ed by these questionable tactics and as a consequence the Norris bill was side tracked and the bipartisan bloc dis solved. FARMERS ASK LOWER RATES Representatives of all the states west of the Mississippi river, which are asking for reduced railroad rates on farm products, have been pi iing up an amazing array of evidence before the interstate commerce commission showing that' agriculture can not stand the existing transportation charges and continue to produce. More than 150 economists, rate experts/ farmers and members of state railroad com missions have gathered in Washington for the hearings and the railroad^ have their brightest attorneys on the job to becloud the issue. The evidence conclusively shows that the farmer has been deflated mont,rapidly than other classes that the prices of farm products are below pre-war levels that railroad rates in some cases arc 240 per cent above the 1914 level, and that as a consequence of high carrier charges producticn and distribution costs exceed the prices the farmer gets for his crops.. Witness after' witness asserted farmers could not continue to produce without sub stantial relief and the deplorable con dition^ existing ambnjj the farm popu lation was demonstrated in a way that defied contradiction. ffiaiKeSsjs* Hl'UXO MAY DKt'lDK Beresford Republican: The courts better hurry up and decide whether the members of the legislature are to have that extra expense money. Some of the members are trying to decide whethr they can afford anoth er term or not and the ruling may de cide matters. WE HANDLE FURNITURE OF ALL KINDS If you need any thing in the way of furniture this spring, don't fail to look over our stock and get our prices. C. A. YEAGER The Second Hand Man SISSETON, SO. DAK. it. sw-w- Cmvinceil It Takes AU Kinds! Gossip: I saw your wife out riding yesterday with a strange man! Husband (wearily): He must have been a strange man,!—Cartoons Mag asine. We would have vou know That this is a bank lor the people, for ALL the people, where the small est wage-earner receives the tame attention, the same service, that has proven so beneficial to the heads of large corporations. This is a bank whosfe officer* are wil ling and eager to be of service to its patrons, today, tomorrow, any time. CAN WE SERVE YOU IN ANY WAY CITIZENSNATIONALBANK Evetythind for QUAII17 SISSETON, 80UTH DAKOTA OFFICER8 Henry Helvlg, President J. W. Barrington, V. P. Leo J. Lukanltsch, Cash. M. O. Bikum. Asst. Cash. R. Thompson, Teller THAT'S OUR IDEA in making CAMELS—the Quality Cigarette. Why, just buy Camels and look at the package! If the best packing science has devised to keep cigarettes fresh and full flavored for your taste. Heavy paper outside—secure foil wrapping inside and the revenue stamp over the end to seal the pack age and keep it air-tight And note this! There's nothing flashy about the Camel package. No extra wrappings that do not improve the smoke. Not a cent of needless expense that must come out of the quality of the tobacco. Camels wonderful and exclusive Quality wins on merit alone. Because, men smoke Camels who want the taste and fragrance of the finest tobaccos, expertly blended. Men smoke Camels for Camels smooth, refreshing mildness and their freedom from ciga retty aftertaste. Camels are made for men who think for them selves. COMPANY, REYNOLDS TOBACCO W instofi-Salcm, CANNED GOODS AT LESS THAN TOWN PRICES Fort Snelling, Gopher, Moccasin and Del Monte brands are reliable and good enough for the most fastidious. Try t'«em und be con vinced. you are satisfied. We want you to be satisfied. Flour, Sugar, Dried Fruits, etc., at money-saving prices. Your Butter and Eggs are good as cashV Bring them here. Indian Cash Store Company Geo. 6. Selkirk, Manager Sissenton Indian Agency Both Cheap Bannon: I wonder what they call the stage-door Johnnies at a movto studio. Shannon: "Celluloid callers," probably.—Cartoons Magailne. .ft.