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"THE PEOPLE'S PAPEK."
SALEM, OHEQON,.FBHAY. JAKUARY 15, 1892.
"TO-DAY'S NEWS TO-DAY."
"ajdrwTpnf t "lfl"IKJ
Mens' Dress Shoes $1 45
Mens' Plow Shoes 1 15
Mens.' Heavy Boots 1 95
Mens' Rubber Boots. ., 2 25
161 Commercial Street.
STAPLE 11 FANCY GROGRRK
At the old Stand, next door to Post Office.
Solid comfort in every one.
i B. BUREN & SIR
Pioneer Grocery Store.
(Established In 1857.)
Having done a large credit business, for the last 34 years, and, as
times have changed, nmkiug It necessary to sell groceries at a very low
margin, I propose to adopt a new plan, commencing on January 1, 1892,
and sell for
AT BEDROCK PRICES.
NO MORE CREDIT,
A general slaughter on crockery, imported china ware, glassware,
lamps, etc. As I have an Immense stock of this Hue to arrive In March
and April, I am compelled to make room by closing out the present stock.
Now la the time for the ladles to repleulsb their houses iu this line, while
they can get bargains.
All knowing themselves ludebted to me are requested to call and set
tle ou the first of the year.
JOHN G. WRIGHT,
227 and 229 Commercial St,
247 Commercial street, Salem. Garden Hose and Lawn Sprinklers.
A complete line of Stoves and Tinware, Tin roofing and plumbing u
seeclalty. Estimates for Tinning and Plumbing Furnished.
PATTON'S State Street Book Store
Displays this morning, an elegant line of
Memorandums, Receipts, Notes, Excelsior Diaries for 1892. Inks, Mucilages and -
OFFICE EQUIPMENTS GENERALLY.
You will save money by selecting from this immense stock.
E: F. OSBURN
-CAN SAVE YOU
THE FOLLOWING IS A
FOR, RED 8TAR-
Plumbers and Tinners,
P. H. EASTON & CO.,
310 Commercial St., Salem,
Muuio furnished for balls, receptions, etc.
FEW OF HIS PRICES:
Ladies' Calf Shoes
Ladies' Fine Shoes
"Castorla Is bo well adapted to children that
I recommend lt&s superior to any prescription
known to mo." H. A. Arcrir, M. D.,
Ill So. Oxford St, Brookljn, N. T.
"The use ,of 'Castorla' Is so universal and
Its merits so well known that it seems a work
of supererogation to endorse It. Few are the
intelligent families who do not keep Castorla
within easy reach."
CARLOS JLlRTTH, D.D.,
New York City.
Late Pastor Bloomingdale Reformed Church.
Churchill Sash, Door &, Manufacturing Co.
Sash, Doors, Blinds & Mouldings, Turning & Scroll Sawing,
House Finishing made ts order.
Xew DltY KILN, by which we can always keep a full supply of seasoned stock of all
binds. .Agricultural Works, Corner of Trade and illgn streets, Balem, Oregon.
Sash, and Door Factory
Front Street, Salem, Oregon.
The best class of work in our line at prices to compete
with the lowest. Only the beat material used.
Salem Truck & Dray Co
lem Iron works. Drays and trucks way be found, throughout the day at
the corner of State and Commercial street.
B. F. DRAKE, Proprietor.
SALEM IRON WORKS,
Manufactures STEAM ENOINKS, Mill Outfits, Water Wheel Governors, Fruit
Drying Outfits, Tractlou Engines, Cresting, etc. Farm machinery made and repaired.
General agents and manufacturers of theclebrated Wublstrom Patent Middlings
Purifier and Keels. Farm machinery innde nnd repaired.
an enlarged stock and is effering: his customers, old and new, greater
bargains than ever. Repairing a specialty,
BREWSTER & WHITE.
Flour, Feed, Hay, Straw and Barley Chop.
LOWEST PEICES AND FKEE
91 COURT STREET.
M. L. OHAMBERLIN, O. M. HMITH,
II. M. BRANSON. UKO. H, W UHKHT,
Vice President. Treasurer.
UNION TITLE ABSTRACT CO.
175 Commercial Street.
Mukes the neatest and best Abstracts In
Hates, $2.50 to $5.00 per Bay.
"The best botel between Puritan d aadKas
Francisco. First-class In all its appoint
menu. IU tables are served with Ibe
drown in tbe Willamette VaiUy.
A. I, WAGNER, Prop.
Castorla cots Colic, Constipation,
Sour Stomach, Diarrhoea, Eructation,
Kills Worms, gives sleep, and promotes d
Without injurious medication.
" For several years I have recommendec
your ' Castorla. ' and shall always continue to
do so as It has Invariably produced beneficial
Edwin F. Pardis, M. D.,
"The Wlnthrop," 125th Street and 7th Are.,
New York City
Cojipaxt, 77 Mmuur 0tbbtt, Nbw York.
DRAYS AND TRUCKS
always ready for orders.
Soil and deliver wood,
hay, coal and lumber. Of
fice State St.. ounosite Sa
T. G. PERKINS, General Superintendent,
O. G. GIVEN, THE CASH SHOE
Dealer has removed to 289 Com
mercial street, one door north of
Gilbert & Patterson, where he has
E. O. CROSS,
Butcher and Packer
Htate HL ana Court;HL Th besU meat
delivered to all parts of the city.
DUG AN BROS'
Plumbing and IleatingCo.,
Wholesale and retail dealers In
STEAM AND PLUMBING GOODS.
aaj Commercial strut TsltpfconejNo. is,
IHE CAPITAL JOURNAL.
U BUSHED DAILY.EXOEiTHUNDAY,
Caoital Journal Publishing Company.
Office, Commercial Street, in V. O. UuUdtng
hnterod at the postotllce at Balem, Or., as
PROTECTION VS. FREE TRADE.
T. T. Gccr Replies to a Criticism of
ills Contribution to Our New
Ed. Jeurnal: In writing my
New Year'H article for your paper on
Oregon agriculture I was absolutely
free from referring to anything of n
political naturo or to any political
party, yet within a week Borne gen
tleman from Turner uses it aa a
text for an attack on the Republican
party and its policy of protection to
Am&icau industries. It was not
claimed that I went beyond the
truth in stating that our farmers are,
as a Inle, fairly prosperous, but the
charge is made that a man cannot
refer to this fact without praising
the Republican party. Then if the
Republican party is responsible for
good prices for farm produce and
low prices for manufactured articles
we are perfectly willing to shoulder
it, but there can certainly bo do
reason for suppressing the fact.
But I studiously avoided any ref
erence to politics, principally to
escape such criticisms as the one now
under consideration. It only proves
what I have long known, that if I
should write an article devoted ex
clusively to discussing the "five
Points of Calvinism" and should
close with n glowing expression of
approval of the Sermon on the
Mount, with an original set of
maxltnt approaching as nearly
as possible to the ten command
ments themselves, It would meet
the approbation of every man in
this county, with the exception
that a half dozen whom I could
name, would, upon reading my
Blgaature, declare that the senti
ments were inspired by his satanlo
m ijesty, and were for political cflect
The first declaration is that the
policy of protection is "heathenish,
barbarous and unjust," and yet the
flr.st act of the fiist congress of tbo
Uuited Btales, composed largely of
the very men who made the consti
tution itself, was fur tho policy of
protection of manufacturing indus
tries and so declared to bo in its title,
and although plainly "heathcnlBb,
barbarous and unjust," was cheer
fully signed by President Wash
ington. James Madison, who served two
tei ms as president of the United
States, and who, more than any
other man was tho father of
the constitution, and in nfter
years piepareu tlio strongest
argument of his life to prove tho
constitutionality of a protective
The manufacture of tin plato is
today an "infant Industry" as much
as any that existed a hundred years
ago, when Washington, Madison,
and their illustrious compatriots
decided to protect their homo man
ufactures. Your correspondent
says: "it is as barbarous, neatlieu-
lsh and unjust for the protectionist
to prevent any citizen from trading
where and with whom he pleases, as
it would bo for government to
dictate his speech, tbo cut of Ins
olnthcs, or Ills vote."
tin you can now see whathcatheus,
barbarians und tyrants Washington
and Madison wero. I havo always
suspected that history over-estimated
their claim to modern adminis
tration, and now my susplclcion
has been verified from this electric
light from Turner.
Again, I urge upon our farmers
the necessity of supplying our own
markets with eggs, butter, cbeeee,
etc., and not allowing these pro
ducts to bo longer shipped to our
owu people for consumption. But
your correspondent BayB I am
wrong, and that slnco the Iowa
farmer buys our fruit wo ought to
buy his hams and eggs. His exact
latiguage is that both states will be
"benefitted by the exchange."
Buch nonsensical traddle as this
could emanate from no one except
an absolute free trader. The very
fact that Iowa cannot raise her
fruit as bo alleges, while we can,
and that wo can raise our oggs and
bams just aa well as Iowa can,
would Justify the Inter-state tarlfl
law he supposes, from the Oregon
standpoint, because Iowa must buy
ber fruit, while Oregon can raise
her own poultry and pork. Bee ?
The relation of the United States
to the rest of the world la similar
to that between Oregon and
Iowa as to fruit and poultry,
hence, a protective tarlfl. Governor
McKlnley of Ohio reduced prices
for manufactured articled and hence
we have a "heathen" In the execu
tlve office of the Uuited States.
The only other point your corre
spondent tries to rnako U that a
protective tari If cripples commerce
and producer "stagnation of trade."
Let us nee.
la bis message to congrew last
month the prwldent submitted
these facts from tho official record i
Tho total value of our. foreign
commerce (imports ana exports
combined) during tho pa"! year was
$1,747,800,400, being over $100,000,000
more than that of any other year of
our national history.
This was under tho McKlnley bill
and shows to what a fearful extent
our trade is "stagnated."
Wo even Imported $11,000,000
moro merchaudlso last year under
the McKlnley bill than during the
year before under a lower tarlft.
Stagnation of trade !
But now let us examine another
stntetneut from tho president a
specimen of sheer logto fresh from
its home lu the mountains of truth;
a fact cold, invluclblo and unanswer
able. Tho value of free imports
during the last twelvo months was
$118,092,387 moro than the value of
frto Imports during tho twelve
mbnths preceding. Now, if there
has been more than ono hundred
million dollars' worth of free mer
chandise Imported under tho Mc
Klnley bill than under the former
tarlfl lawp, Just where does the
stagnation in trade occur? Let us
Your correspondent refers to the
tnrlfF being n tax, and to tho alleged
fact that tho amount of tho duty is
always added to the prico of an
article, but in his speech in Portland
last fall Hon. V D. Byuum of
Idlana, n promiuent Democratic
candidate for the speakership in the
present congress, said, "The pilco of
wool haa fallen, other conditions
bclug equal, every timo tho duty
has been ralsod."
Mow, the question Is, what bo
comt'B of the "tax" levied ou wool
that "becomes cheaper every tlmo
the duty la raised?"
If an article becomes cheaper
every time it is taxed then ttie tariff
is not a tax, is it?
For a good wholesome lesson ou
tho affect of taxing an article by
levying a duty on it, your corres
pondent is referred to Hon. W. D.
Byrum, or Indiana. Ho Bays a
tariff is not a tax for it always makes
somo articlea cheaper.
Meanwhile the facta remain true
as stated in ray New Year's letter
that tho hon of our daddies would
buy but two pounds of sugar while
today sno will buy, or rathor her
lineal descendants will, twelve
pounds. Iu mentioning this fact
with several others similar to it, my
friend accuses mo of praising tho
Republican party. I did not say
these good things were tho result of
Republican legislation, but if ho
thinks they aro, then bo inuoh the
Buch direct testimonials as theso,
coming as thoy do from tho enemy,
aro accepted with tho most grateful
They wero really ray sentlmouts,
also, but I was too modest to gtvo
them utterance. T. T. Geeh.
Macleay, Oregon, Jan. 12, 1802.
A SI'BL'IAI. 8K8SION I.NOIsrENSlIlLK.
Governor Pennoyer is justified in
trying to get congress to pass a
special appropriation of $430,000 to
build a portage railway at Tho Dal
les of tho Columbia. But Holmau's
resolution In congress cuta oft all
hope of Its passage. Tho situation
Is such that all large, or special, or
unusual appropriation' must fail.
With Holman in charge of ap
propriations, and tho Hill polioy of
Inltlatlug no now legislation, the
only opportunity for tho Democratic
party to mako a record is on tho
score of economy. Its otmpalgn
thunder for 1802 must bo obtained
along tho line of setting down on all
such demands as that for portago
railway at The Dalles, Under the
circumstances Governor Pennoyer
will not renll.o much from tbo
Democratic congress hostile to ap
propriations and hostllo to publlo
improvements because tho very life
of tho party depends in tho presi
dential contest soly upon its record
at this session for economy.
The governor, If ho Is In earnest
to secure relief for Eastern Oregon
farmers, must realize by this time
that ho stands no show of getting
government aid for a portago rail
way from Washington. If the
house woufd allow It, tho sonato is
committed to other plans. There is
not tho ghost of a chance for its ever
The only relief for Eastern Oregon
lies lu an extra session of the legis
lature. It can be assembled by
March 1st. Iu a two-weeks' session
It can provide for a portage railway
at The Dalles and it can bo built In
tlmo for this fall's crop. There is no
doubt such a bill would pass tho
legislature almost unanimously.
Kor the Children.
"In buying a cough medicine for
children," says II. A, Walker, a
promiuent druggist of Ogden, Utah,
"never be afraid to buy Chamber
Iain's Cough Remedy. There Is no
danger from tt and relief la always
sure to follow. I particularly recom
mend Chamberlain's because I have
found It to be safe and reliable, 60
cent bottles for sale by G. E. Qoode,
I shall have plenty of sand for
contractors and builders from now
on, Gko. D. Goodhuk,
Highest of all in Leavening Power.
LssH issss a QLaiir
GENERAL NEWS, NOTES.
Tho mallcarrler on tho Plcard
route left last Monday on his trip
with tho mall. Up till Thursday,
says the Klamath Star, we had no
news of him, when Robert Eraraott,
W. B. Grubb and others started out
torcscuo him. Thoy all camo back
mad as hornets because ho wasn't
Odo young man residing between
Keno and Llnkvlllo brought a young
lady to tho ball at Keno on Christ
mas, and tho road was bo blockaded
Christmas morning that he could
not return tho fair damsel to her
parents, and it is supposed that ho
will bo responsible for her board tho
rest of tho year.
Asotin county's resources aro just
beginning to bo known. From
present indications that section will
possess among other riches somo of
the finest and most extensive stone
quarries to be found. The recently
discovered red Scotch stono has
already been proved to bo of great
valuo for buildings, and a wlilto
rock, just founa, is now being tested.
The earth slides and snow block
ades on tho Northern Pacific road
havo interrupted travel aud traftto
aud tho malls for several wcoks,
but tho company clears them as fast
as it is posslblo to do so. High
wator and washouts may occur
again whon tho heavy snowfall
begins to melt away. Tho moun
tains show moro snow in them than
has fallen for six or eight years.
Whllo hunting along the Yaqulna
river near Yaqulna City, Dell Sav
age, of Albany, mot with an nccl
dent that will make him limp for
sevoral weoks. Ha was poluting
toward a diver with his right hand
for a friend with him to shoot at,
wheu ho let tho gun fall down, with
his left hand, and in so doing tho
gun "woutafl" just as tho muzzle
pointed towards his left foot. A
22-caltber; ball passed through tho
Prlnco Albert Victor Christian
Edward was born January 8, 1804.
Ho was the eldest son of tho Prlnco
of Wales and was consequently In
direct lino of succession to the
throuo. Ho was educated at Trlnty
college, Cambrldgo, aud tho Uni
versity of Heldleburg. On leaving
the university Prince Albert Victor
proceeded to Aidershot to prepare
for tho army, In 1890 he took his
seat In tho house of lords. Ills
presont military rank; was that of
major, ho holding a commission In
tho tenth Hussars, of which regi
ment his father is colonel. Tho
dead prlnco was to havo boon mar
ried to Princess Maria of Teck, Feb
ruary 27. By tho death of tho Duke
of Clarence tho next person to the
Prince of Wales iu tho line of direct
succession is Prlnco George of
Wales, a brothor of tho duke, who
Is a commander in tho navy.
Prlnco Albert Victor always has
been a favorlto grandson of tho
queen, and his untimely death was a
soyero blow to her. Upou receipt
of tho news of his death sho imme
diately telegraphod a long message
of sympathy to the Prince and
Princess of Wules. To Princess
Mary her majesty sout a message
condoling with her In her sorrow
and distress, and in loving words
expressing her sympathy. Sho
ordered tho court to go into full
mourning for three mouths, and
cancelled all "drawing-rooms" and
state levees. Her majesty auuouno
ed tho funeral of thoduko would bo
a state function, and that It would
bo held In St. George's chapel,
Windsor palace, where tho marri
age of the duke to Princess Mary
was to have taken place February
ri. II. Clifford, New Cassol, Wis.,
was troubled with Neuralgia and
Rheumatism, his Stomach was dis
ordered, his Llyer was afl'eclcd to an
alarming degree, appetite fell away,
and ho was terribly reduced In flesh
and strength. Three bottles of Elec
tric Bitters cured him.
Edward Shepherd, Harrlsburg,
III,, had a running soro on his leg of
eight years' standing. Used throe
bottles of Electno Bitters and seven
boxes of Buckleu's Arnica Salve,
and his leg is souud und well, John
Speaker, Catawba, O., had 11 vo largo
Fever sores on his leg, doctors said
he was Incurable. One bottle Elec
tric Bitters and ono box Buoklou'a
Arnica Salve cured him entirely.
Sold at Daniel J, Fry's drug store.
No one knows better titan those who
have tued Carter's Little Liver Jills wtuit
reltsf they have given wbea taken for
d spcpsla, dlulne, pain In the side, con
st) nation and disordered stomas u,
to not despair of ourlug your sick bead
aelia wliea tou can so easily obtain Oar.
tera Little Uverinil. Tum' will etlect a,
prompt and rel'able cure. Ttielr action U
mild and natural.
To set relief from Indlsestlon.blllonsne
oonsflpaUon or torpid fiver without dU
tortile the stomasb or purirlnrtbs bowels
take Carter's tattle LlTr Alls, ifee? will
Latest U. S. Gov't Food Report.
issociatcd Press Report aid
Digests of all Important
News ol To-Day.
TELEPHONE IS RAISED.
Portland, Jan. 15. Tho steam
boat Telephone has at last been
raised off tho jetty at tho mouth of
tho Wiilamottcr, where she stuck
somo days ago.
Wodnesday evening, after 5 o'clock
whon everything was in readiness,
tho steamer Bonita was hailed, as
sho camo down from the Cascades.
Sho then towed tho wrecked steamer
off along with tho two barges.
Tho Telephone, supported by
theso, is now about 160 yards up the
river on tho shore of Coon island, on
tho point of which she struck.
Ten or twelvo ohalns were passed
under hor from tho bow to tho atom.
Tho ends of thorn wero connected
with the two barges on eithor side,
Thoy wero fastened tojaok screws
and gradually raised. It was a very
difficult task. Tho steamer was bo
heavy with tho water and ma
chinery that sho roso very slowly.
Tho work was kept up and every
inch that sho camo out of tho water
was eagerly watched by Captains
Scott aud Crlohton and Mr. Seeby,
tho owners, who wero presont.
Tho rlvor has fallen six feet slnco
tho steamor first struck, so that tho
task was much harder than it would
havo been had the work been com
monccd immediately. A strong tide
sot lu yesterday aftoruoon from the
ocean, aud tho wator came up four
foot, raakiug the work easier. Bi
foro this sho had been lying ou tho
Jetty, which was only one or two
feet uudor water.
Wheu the Bonita bltehed to the
Telephone and started tho thrall
boat and two barges wero pulled
away from the breakwater. The
steamor was floating some Inches
from It when tho Bonita began tow
ing. Sho was takon out into the
channel and tho procession moved
slowly up tho river. A convenient
placo was found unobstruct3d by
snags, and the Bonita towed .them
Tho wrecked boat Is about In the
snnio position as when she first
struck, though she is somo feet
higher out of the wator, Whon the
Undluo passed this morning the top
of tho wheel was Been, and tbo crews
on tho barges wero hard at work
raising hor further. At present sue
draws about fifteen foot of water, so
that there is much work to be done
before sho can bo brought here,
who are doing tbo work will bring
her to their yard in East Portland.
Sho will bo put ou their drydook,
such as It Is, where tho hole In her
bottom can be repaired.
No examination of tho bole In the
steamer has yet bcon made. The
divers paid little attention to this
whon passing tho chains under, bo
that tho cost of repairs cannot bo do
fluately given, though It Is estimated
at $10,000. Tho steamer cost $06,000,
so that tho owners havo got up
with a small loss in comparison with
what it was put at when she was
Bho will bo towed up to Portland
in a day or bo, but it Is not yet fully
decldod, as this all depends on the
time required te ratso tho steamer.
It is feared there Is moro damage
to bo repaired than at first seemed to
bo the case. Tho roof to tho cabin
has risen up In several places, which
may mako It necessary to take It off
Tho saving of this steamor is a
great benefit to Columbia river com
merce, Sho was tho fastens boat oa
tho rlvor, und did a large bufiloett
between hero uud Astoria, as shown
at tho time of the wreak, when
thero wero eighty-five passengers on
board , Captain Scott Is also opea to
congratulations, because lie has bees
bo often unlucky lu the pU The
other owners will also bo JwtJy
PIED OV JIUNOEB.
Chicago, Jan. 16. An ltw)u?t
was held on the remains of Ulk A,'
Burko, who died from hunge and
exposure Tuesday, while beta
taken to the Harrison street pnw
station. Burke was a Urotbar f
Thomas Burke, the vnnr stirieaiy
for Ireland, who, with Lord Cav
dish, was assassinated at PIkwiUx
Park, Dublin, on tha evatUaf f
May 0, 183. Tbo mi for tu oat naa
was born of BrtotocnUie IHak
pareaU at St. 0ar, Vnwm. Ha
WM e4tteWd at tbt UltfveiaUy of