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i, ; j I 1 inn me I tut i i s I i'r i B:! I I,! . I r . its I' Bf Ui, if itmi KM. I Bl I !:i i 4 TWO DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAL, SALEM. OREGON. THURSDAY, MARCHJO, 1804. trialfta0e.of " , 3 3t b Xtbe )aii$ Journal ByHOFER BROTHERS. Serines New Association Telegrams. , Published every afternoon exopot Sunday at 197 Commercial street aigiB- X-RADiUMS Subscription terms: Dally one year, f4.00 In advance; dally three months, $1.00 In advance: rflfy by carrier, 60o per month; weekly oneVear, $1.00 In advance. -. ... ..--. JOURNAL SPECIAL DELIVERY. One Week 10a; ona month 35c; three months fl.00. JJfc Journal office; at DauCs grocery, South Salem; at Bowersojt' grocery, Vew .Park; Asylum Avenue Grocery Store; Electric Grocery, East State a 4reeL Single Copies Price 8 cents. Price to newsboys 2J4 centa por copy. To Mall Subscribers The "ato when you subscrlttlon expires Is on the AdJrees label of each paper. "When that dot arrives, If your subscription ftas sot again been paid la advance, your amo Is taken .from the list. A Jkngo of date on the address label Is & receipt Entered at the postofflce at 8atem, Oregon as second-class matter. REGULAR WINDMILL COUNtRY California Spring Two Months Late in Some Parts -Did Mexican Methods of Panning Give Place to the Yankee and Modernity Australia with their products, whero It Is summer.. Seedling orranges are bolng thrown out by budding Into navels. Prunes, apricots, plums and walnuts are being dug up. The prunes orops for 1003 sold mostly for 2L cts. Tho year before they sold for lVScts. They do not yeld as they do In Oregon, wbleh must take the lead la that fruit. Fine Country Roads. In driving along the country roads one sees many water-tanks with wind mills, erected by the county to en able them to sprinkle the roads In the dry season. Now that oil has been Introduced the mills are given up, as one or two eeats of oil make a road dustlese. I rode a hundred miles. In an opea democrat wagon, and did set get as much dust as you would In one hour on some Oregon country road. This has been the dryest sjlrjng on record In many years and there Is not dust enough to make It necessary to brush a black hat after riding all day. You can tell how smooth tho roads are when I tell you that several of my letters wero written on my knees as we rode nlong over the oountry highways. The best oil roads are graded nbout twenty feet wide, rolled, and thon oiled about twelve feet wide, covored with a sharp sand and be come as smooth and hard as cement, but aro dustlese and noiseless. On a warm day the oil shows up and they look as If sprinkled. Tho Old Agriculture. Is being rapidly displaced. The Mexl eaa, Spaniard and old Callfornlan rancher could set do anything without irom Hiloa dot-eft mules or horses to a plow r drag, and still keep It up. mey sowing the grain by hand on top of the around and then scratch- " iv in Hnim lO IHCK to get l vtnunieer era. The modern farmer Why not organize a Geer club and be done with ft? The Hetvlzan was built in America and from the way she put her nose la the mud, probablyLangley built her In hWi alr-shlp yard. la ike concert of the powers, Ruesla occasionally strikes up a tune on the Jews-harp. John Barrett Is now minister to Panama, and Oregon ooujd bear It cheerfully If he was minister to Pata gonia, and Somallland. And bow the Mad Mullah Is mad der than ever, the English have been killing his soldiers and camels. t. It cost Uncle Sam $1,576,998.21 to furnish weather for tho country last year, and, considering the quality they havo had back East, It wasn't really worth It which, owing to a very peculiar mis take came near being much more se rious than tho circumstances would warrant HIa log was corded and he was taken to Waldoboro village, a dls i.n of ix or seven miles, for surgi cal treatment Upon arrival there the Injured man was found to be at death's door from the lose of blood, and It was then discovered that the cord had been tied around the wrong leg. He Is now recovering. A Class Party. Miss Bertha Androathra gave a de lightful evening to tho boys of her Sunday School olass and eight little girls who assisted In ono of tho Sun day school ontertainmonts, at the borne of Mr. and Mrs. Wlnans last evening. It was a result of a member ship contest in her class. Tho time was very pleasantly spent in playing numerous games and a "Jolly good Umo" was had. Light refreshments wore served. Mrs. James Allison as sisted in entertaining the young guests. About 15 were present. Ayer's BM.MJfe"i '""" Cherry PectorSl for the children. One dos? i bed"tlme qufets their iAmS coughs and prevents croon Ask your doctor. ijrC "JL '(Bdltorial Correspondence.) March 4: We have spent the past two day exploring (he beautiful Yal- Keys whore tho great citrus fruit In dustrtes or Southern California have toecn d6velopod, and hare traveled -over the hundreds of mllos by rail .and on wagon. A Windmill Country. One sees thousands of thorn hero In town and country. Most of tho water pumped out of tho ground Ik -warm. The deeper you go the warm er It becomes. Kept In a tank about ten or twenty feet from the ground It gets oooL For power the windmill Is superseded by the gasoline engine, and that by electricity. In place the windmill and task, the engine house and oil tank are displaced by a single electric wire. lltectrlelty is earrled en wires fifty utiles aal more, from the canyetM (o the city. It Is the cheap est power of all. agd Is even used In pumping and drilling the ell wells. We were shown one place where a well was operated by windmill ami steam engine, but had so much sand In the water, a better power was need ed. The raneher got a heavy electric motor and set hl pumps te work, and one morning he get up and the pump ing station bad sank end of sight. The foundation bad Morally been pumped out from under IL l r The Rains Are Late. All tliwmefc the San Gabriel and Santa Anm valleys lh spring Is two wontha kits, and no rains have fatten to sneak of. One man said it was too late to hone for ralna Wat they might have some fug and haJ some hopes f sjeed dew. HUher would help m great deal Hut they really don't seed tuueh rain and really don't ex pect any. In spite of this the country U developing rapidly. At 8n Dlmas six years a there were three houses. Three years ago they begau to paok fruit. Now they are shipping seven ears a day. A seeeud bank baa Just been ermaalced. There U a good background of mountain scenery to nH these region of tropical vegetation and fruit, preduetlen. At the head of the valley are the San tiernardlaa mountain. 014 HsMy and the Cues mongs are grand peaks. On further are the den Jr.cinte ranges. Changing of Orchards. Ita(UeultMEi) has undergone waay ehsagee and l stilt In progress of transforaaUeR. Varieu truKs have had their up and dews. At present wfcele aaeUous are being grabbed up d the ground cleared rf everything hut oranges and grape, and evenfw week age and entirely wreaked, these are ehanged by euddHtg fiew'liKllEwasleR attalnst the dynamiters Is better varieties. Hash generates tnatee pregve, Hvea the wsrkeU are ehAUg. The xvry eeld winter la the east ha depressed the eraage ttta.rl.et, and wade burnt & drag. A now stem la September and afcuost AWfttlnttees d tad hHeeards) In the 3t hsa hurt the deeidueus fruit trade. Irfwn skippers are golsf; tq lap m : jsy A San Diego, Cal., woman is going to exhibit butter at tho World's Fair made In 1858. It must havo had a strong constitution and a good head of hair, to havo withstood the elements that length of time. Young ladles, you shouldn't forget it Is leap year, and moro than two months of It Is gone. Tho open season for bachelors only comes once In four years, and thore some good catches In Salem. Delays are dangerous. The Journal Is aekd to whoop It up for the organisation of a Roosevelt Gkib. Salem already has two sash Institutions the Salem Republican Club and the Young Men's Republican Club. Bvery member of each Is a Roosevelt man, nnd there 1b room- In these two big clubs for all the Repub licans in the city and they are alt Roosevelt men. THE VARIETY OF SEEDS tempt to raise thorn. Starting seeaa in the house Is not tho most satis factory way, but where one only de sires n few plants, It gives good re sults whon an Intorest Ib takon In them. Cabbage requires cooler nnd different conditions than colory, to matoes and flowers, and banco cannot be started to ndvantago In tho samo flat or box. Soil to be used In BtarW Ing plants Indoors should be allowod to freeze before using, as otherwise whore taken up in tho fall and stored In tho cellar, tho fungus growth that often exists proves fatal to tho young plants. Soil of a sandy nature should always bo used to start seed In, whero possible, as this will not crust over as badly, seeds germinate bettor and water will seep through it more read ily. Boxes or pans used should havo openings In the bottom so all surplus water can drain away. t Straw Hat Famine. One peculiar outcome of the recent n.Himn.A ArA mnir ihadii thn pntlro Aon oonornl niln It In nlwnvn safoatl . , . . .... . lo Ualluro of tho "crop of straw hats" for to plant fresh seeds, but If seed lsf HI imillllllllHIII H H- Reading Table :: Talk About the Newest and Best Books ; ; and Magazines , huhiiiiimihdiiiihk Exploring the Louisiana Purchate. (Outing for March.) properly harvested and cared for many varieties retain their germinating powor for several years. To keep tho best they should not heat or be ox posed to dampness A dry, moderatoly cool, well ventilated place being ideal. Many varieties, like beans, beets, cab bage, carrots, lettuce, melons, squash, and tomato, retain their vitality under favorable conditions for flvo years or more. Peas four years; corn, onion, radish and salsify two years and par snip only one year. Oldor seeds seem tho coming season. It Is said that about flvo-slxths of the hats of tho higher grade aro or havo boon made In Baltimore, and It Is understood that practically alt of the factories located In tho Monumental City wore de stroyed by tho flro. Nono of tho sen son's, mako of hats had been deliv ered, as tho different firms havo not been In tho habit of Bonding them out until tho first of March. It Is roportod to bo almost absolutely impossible for a new supply to bo mado this season, and the result may bo that straw hats will sell at a high premium this year, to push a loss vigorous growth oach If they aro to bo obtained at all. The season, and honco one Is always surer loss does not at tho present appear so of a better staud of moro robust plants ' rlous to tho ordinary individual; but A Typical Bonaparte. Princess Mathilda was a trjioJ Bonaparte. Beneath the skia 1 grnndo dnmo thoro dwelt tho sonulj vlvandlero. She wan generou, J . ,. ..,b Wl ft oa(tl nor prims, as a certain rather bury's romlijlBConces shows ... . I universally admitted nt the samotij to nosaesH &&& nnrt n br,.,.,. I tho arts. It 'was to her crodltu. tJ that sho cored not a snap of the hA for dynastic disputes. Sho was oatiJ friendliest terms with th Diij a-Aumaie, ana is said to havo tito but In vain to conciliate somo ot tfci suaer unmenes or tho puizlo-heaj Bourbon family. Altogether ehe ru a woman who lived every moment til UV1 HIV. WWUUUU VUUUUK, Ledynrd of Connecticut, who bnd been with Captain Cook on the Pacific to explore the northwest coast of Amerloa by crossing Russia overland; but Russia had similar designs for her self, and stopped Ledynrd on the wny. In 1S08 President JefTerson asked eongreee for an appropriation to ex plore the northwest by way of the Mteeenrl. Now that the wealth of the west Pi beyond the estimate of any figure, it seems almost inconcelrable that there wero people little minded enough to haggle over the price paid for Louisiana $18.000.000 nnd n nh. from fresh seed. For some purposes many gardenors prefer old seed It Is claimed that whoro loaf growth Is not partloutUrly desired but rather fruit as melons, tomatoes, beans corn, or cabbage that heads woll), two or three-year-old seed Is proforablo. Othor condlUons, though, as soils and 5 niAtllMflai . &..lll...il . V uvuiuuo ui uuuivuuun, navo much to to tho dealers who appreciate the situ ation, it Is bad news Indeed. Captain N. Kaclilnavalaro, coa mander of tho American-built crultet Knsagl, which has played a consptro ous part In tho recent Japanese naul attacks on Port Arthur, aa)e99e&e8&i 1 uses disk plows, rolls the crop. run. ject to the approprlaUon required for AMtk-hniuA MI..-1 ri.uiiro uuiuvHWri. aiwws no weeds aleng the fences of flue wire mesh to keep out rabbits and squir rel, haule sixty to 100 boxes of fruit to the paekery with one horse. Plow with a Stookton engine guage plew. On tM old Lucky Baldwin raneh yeu will see three or four six mule teams plowing around a fleld full of old oak trees. When one Mexican stops to light a cJsarette thay all stop. The modern farmer clears out the tree, cuts them up for stove weed, clears away the hedges and even cultivates and crop the right of way of the railroad. He will have an ell burner engine run ning a reolrifugal pump down In the dry bed ef & stream and waterln forty acres ef alfalfa elf which he will take six crepe a year and make more money than the ejdtlmer did off from four hundred aeree. Pregreeeire land owner take out the hedges and roadside trees and put In eement euibs and pared getters to keep the Irrigation water from euttlsg gtrlHea. The eld ways ef using water wasted about as much n was utilUed. R HOKHIt A Newspaper Mix Up. Rdller llarrywan, ef Long Creek. U held In $t$ hoed fr hie appearanee In etrenlt eeurt In Canyon City ea a charge ef writing an anonymee let ter te Hdltor Oee, ef the Ranger, la whlefe the Hvea ef Cee and his family were threatened If they did net leave v. Oee'e Aee was drnamHed a strong and It HarryHvaa was gwtKy ef sending the letter an edlter will prob ably leave tews and It won't be Oee. The Danes Chronicle, Jefferson had arranged with Joha ? ,w,th earlln6SS nnd Prolificacy of i.uiung. ii is always well to test old seedB so as to bo sure of their germinating powor bofore risking a crop on them. This can easily bo done by placing them between layers of moist cloth on a plate and cover ing with another plate or pieco ot glass. Extremes of temperature and moisture should be avoided and It Is well to Inspect them dally to permit exchange of air. The Melon Patch. Before the tomato, celery and flow era have been transplanted to tho open a few cucumber or melon seeds Planted In the center of the franios will occupy them to good advantage for the balance of the season, and give an early product that most people relish. Starting melon plants under glass and transplanting Is not usually very successful. It can be done by Planting on Inverted sods or In berry boxes, the bottoms of which havo been removed. They can then be transplanted without danger of a set back In growth. The most satisfactory way w know of obtaining an early stand of m!ons R to make three suc cessive Diamines nf u -..-... . - -r uuvui a week apart, commencing to plant as een as the ground Is In good working condition. If one Is killed by frost the next will soon come on and thus one Is assured of the earliest poeslblo stand. Ground for melons need not be very rich, as this encourages too muoh vine growth the samo Is true ot tomatoes. Like many other fruits. they need the moisture nnd sUmulant after the fruit has set Tho varieties wo prefer fer early melons are the pole's early watermelon and Paul Rose tuuskmelons. Starting Seeds Indoors. Where there are gardeners In tho vjelnlty mnay ef the readers can se- ojure their supply of early plants so reasonable that they prefer not to at- - -- MWMlw'BM'eeBSistasMnmBMsBj HAIR NATURALLY ABUNDANT. ,Wfce It Xa Pre f XtenanUt, It Qntiut Hair preparation sad dandruff our, as rale, are ttleky or Irritating ira that do no wtkly gd. IlaU-Thia JUoawd. arrows aunuiy, laxnruaihr v4ruff 1 th cue of nteSTt r.rTBt..Tl1 0Bl3r w o cere da ruit far to kill tts gra; mj. sTteTto oaljr hab- teparattea that W poiutely dwtrey the awn. U Kwbw HtrSaMlI IL iteWB trmakiKS sey and sett as m. TJrtrrl ?. w ITW911 tat MTtM Raid V- jtxalel J. Fry. Spooial Agent UB exploration $x.S0O; but. fortunate, ly. the world goes ahead In spite of hagglers. May of ISO! saw Captain Merlweather Lewis, formerly secre tary to President Jefferson, and Cap tain William Clark of Virginia, launoh out from Wood river, opposite St. Louis, where they had kept their men encamped all winter on the east side of the Mississippi, waiting for the for ma! transfer of Louisiana, for the long Jeernej- ef exploration to the sources of the Miesoeri and the Columbia. Their escort coMisted of twenty sold lert. eleven voyagers and nine front, lersmen. The mala ornft was a keel boat flftyRve feet long, of light draft, with square rigged sail, and twenty two oars and tow line fastened to the man pole to traok the boat up stream through raplde. An American flag floated from the prow, and behind the flag, the universal types of Droeress everywheregoods for trade, and a swivel gun. Horses were led along shqre fer hunting, and two pirogues hrp at prow, broad at stern, llko a flatlron ex a turtle glided to the fere of the keel beat The Missouri was at flood Ude. tur bid with erambHng clay banks and great trees torn out by the roots from whleh the keel boat sad pirogues' sheered safely off. FW the tlrst Ume In hleteqr. the Missouri resounded ta the r8ttrthMHly guns; and round .wt are we men oaseed to the strain w vysgeura fiddle. Usually uaeag forty men Is one traitor, and Ueerle must desert on preteuee ef ruewng naK fw a kmw; j the feMew took fright from the woia yarn told fey the kneyeyed. shaggy, browed, ragged tranters who came aoatlug dews the Platte, the 0age, the Missouri, with eahee lease of furs fer St. louls. 1 They Bound the Wrens Leg. A man ta North TOiUoiu t.i ugjBx W hut week, sad tk iJ frtue t eut s. dee gash I ui PRIIMG MILLINERY All the newest styles I Best Assortment Largest Stock Most Reasonable Prices in Marion Co, Rostein & Geen1b&tm Dy Goods and Miflmeiy S 302 Commercial Street. 999999QW9e9&mBQQ999999Q99M 4efrS)9t(6iei0isHfO44t(iia-t44H44,'; One Week Only at aA UBPIB t&y S' R. M. Wade & Co. 'I4-t9i)Ctt4.tit(8f44ei4eH4 Harritt & LawreirT .. StU.Blore Groceries and better Orocortes this ANYBODY There s where you get GOOD treatment 'and GOOD goods Drop iii and see for yourself. cu ,,. 0. qrocknV. 5000 Stia$I GoWcn RIc Mining aft uilcl,reg Mjinngc Sfcocfc for Safe iwio.,tss,. A good chance for soae oae. Addte . A. Brown, 323 N. Mulberry St , Muncie, Indiana ''''nwwwiwswa 0r. .,.. ,. ":.MERCHANT TAILOR- UB,,t'"J",,"iSte?.f'S-"ffi,c.c.. Ulanlniii... vw4ua5. '---wtiimsmj Jrvs!!!"-!. l'ffiiiiiliSiiiiiilB'i ' tAt,m-S"liiSSSmir:" KTSzssEszsra