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mi il I wk 4 i ournal SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, JANUARY 31, 1008. NO. 20. J h I AROIN'S OPINION OF YANKEES ists Predatory Wealth and Venal Newspapers SDENTS MESSAGE SLASHES HIS ENEMAS Newspapers and Men Who Criticise, Are Miiiations Responsible For Present Con r I ptt Leased Wire.) 'legislation as regards certain .rela- Dcc 31. Tho Pros- tlona between labor and capital bo ktw u in part as fol- tween great corporations and tho .public. iHkai-t and House of Hop- The supremo court 1ms decided the The recent decision of employer's liability law to bo uncon- i eoart In regard to the stltutlonal, because its terms apply 1 IbblUtjr act, tho expert- to omployos cngngod wholly in intor- ik Isterstato commorco stnto commerce, as well as to om- ludol the depnrtniontof ployoa engaged in stato commerce. isesforclng tho interstate U)on substantia majority tho court Hi istl-trust laws, and holdu that tho congrcsa has power to faineant attitude to- deal with tho quostlon in no far as Mbitnd Its administration interstate commerce Is concerned. fJfejM by certolo heads of As regards to tho employer's llablli- ikfit!ui, render it desli- ty 'aw. I ndvocato its Immediate re- 8tkihoaId bo additional onactment. HmltinK its ncopo so time CAGO STOR PEOPLES BARGAIN HOUSE F! Jw I I it shall apply only to the class of caBes as to which tho court says It can constitutionally apply, but strengthening its provisions within this scope. Intcrstato employment being thus covored by an ndequnta law, tho flekl of employment will be loft open to tho action of tho several states. ' Employers' Liability. I also very urgently advise that a comprohonslvo not bo passed provid ing for compensation by tho govern ment to all omployos injured in tho government service. Under tho re cant law an injurod workman in tho employ of the government had no romody, and tho burden falls upon tho helpless man, hi wife and his young childron. This to an outrage. This is a mat ter of humiliation to tho nation that thoro should not bo on our statu to books provisions to meet and par tially to atono for cruel misfortune when It comoB upon n man through no fault of his own, whllo faithfully Borving tho public. Tho snmo brond principle which should apply to tho government should ultimately bo made applic able to nil private employers. Where tho nation has tho power It should onact laws to this effect. An regards to tho rights and wrongs of labor and capital, from blacklisting to boycotting tho whol subject Is covered In ndmlrnblo fal ion bv tho ronort of tho nnthrnci'o IN THE HANDS OF THE JURY THAW CASE ENDED CASE WENT TO JURY AT 11:.I0 OHAIIGE OK JUDGE RIDDLED THEORY OF DEFENSE, AND IS DECIDEDLY AGAINST THAW. (United Press Leased Wlro.) Now York, Jan. 31. Tho fate of Harry Kondall Thaw, whoio second trial for tho murder of Stanford Whfto, tho noted architect, in Mndl son Squnro garden on tho n'ght of Juno 25, 190G, closed yostorday, Is in tho hand sof the J '.try. When court opened this mornin.j JtiBtico Dowling began tho r.cudlng of his longthy chnrgo to tho Jury, and at 11:30 o'clock ho had conclud ed. Ho immediately ordered tho & I The Last Week of Our earing Sale Jto Hill be no mercy shown to prices. Now 1. W to to buy Up-to-date Merchandise fries at ' Prices of fine needlework '' ta diffeie&t design 'H yard k Nm ntot 1! cw,t Til !1 ret variety f 81-3c M tM. , l&l j 'ur?r to ..." "ym riag prto, IS Md JJ and ! ork f fk, Hi " rard Sfk T "d m8 wtj, 15c l . 1,000 ynrdi of dainty Torohon lacoa and Insertions to match In aJl widths. Thoso laces aro well worth any place In America at 10c yard. For this sale only, yrd 5c If you want bargains In dross goods and silks, also in domestics, oomo to tho Chicago Store this week. HEAR ORE READ AT THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH TOMORROW NIGHT ADMISSION 50c "We win givo you prices on La die' Suits and Coats this week tht will surprise you. Ladies' UndTskttts in silk and mercerized cotton, also fine furs, "half price. Etyes The Business M m u coal strike commission, which re ports Bhould servo as a chart for -tho guldanco of both legislative and cx ecutlvo officers. Even though It woro posslblo I should consider it man unwlBo to nboUsh the. use of the process of Injunction. It is noces eary in order that tho courts may maintain iholr own dignity, and In ord?r that they may In effectivo man ner check disorders and violence. It is all wrong to use tho injunc tion to provent -tho entirely proper ana logltlmato action of labor organ izations In tholr struggle for indut- trlal bottermont, or under the guise of protecting property rights unwar rantable o invado tho fundamental rtghts of tho individual.. It is fu tile to concede, as wo all do, tho right and tho necessity of organized effort on tho part of wago earners, and yet by Injunctive process forbid peac ablo action to accomplish tho lawful object for which they aro organized, and upon which tholr success ao ponds. It Is my purpose, as soon as maybo, to submit Bomo further recommenda tions Kn rofaronce to osir laws rogu latlng labor conditions within the sphoro of federal authority. Concerning Labor. Not only should tnero be action on certain laws affecting wage earners there should also be such action on law better to seouro control of the great business .concorns ongagea in Interstate commerce, and eapeally over the great common oarrlQrs. The Intorstato commerce oommlMion should bo omnowerod to pa upoa any rate or praotloe on its own Inl tlatlv. Moreover, It should be pro vlded that whonevor the commission ha reason to believe that advance in not being made without Investiga tion. It should have authority to is sue an order prohibiting the advance, ponding examination by the ooramif- aon. Tho Ineretate commerce commis sion should be provided with the means to make a physical valuation of any road a to which k deems the valuation necessary. In some form tho federal government should exw- MR H H M M M imn Jury to retire to docido Upon a vor-diet. Now York, 'Jan. 31. Justice Dowllng's charge to tho Jury was ono of tho most voluminous ever present ed by any mngistrata sitting in n murdor trial In New York. It con tained 7500 words, and bogan by do tailing tne responsibility involved under tho stato laws, and warning tho Jury that speeches should not ba conIdorod in uoalding upon a ver dict. "Nor should you- bo concerned In the question of the punishment that follows a vtrdiot of guilty," said tho Justice. "Your eolo function Is to detormino if any crime has bon com mitted, and Its grnde, but loavo tho quostion of penalty to thoso who should bo responsible for fixing It." "Tho law presumes every Individ ual to he sano, and tho prosecution can roH on this point at the outset without proof. But whoro the de- fenso a Insanity, and tho general evi dence presented touohes the question a to whether the orlmo wa com mitted by a poreon responsible for hie act, the burden of oetnblishing the defendant's sanity U up to the prosecution. If, upon the whole caet, any rwuwnnnia uouut exiMS in me Jurors' minds as to the defendant's Insanity, he le entitled to acquittal. "But if Thaw was mentally capable ii f entertaining orimtnai intent, it would not be possible, under your oaths at Jurymen, to acquit him." Justice Dowling rlddlod tho "rre istable impulso" theory. He de clared tho entire case, so far as tho jurors are now concerned, rested up on the queetlon whether Thaw knew he wa shooting White and whether he deeigned to shoot him. He de clared that tho testimony concerning, the acts of the dofendant during his early life and tho Insanity in the Thaw family eould bo considered only insofar as It throw light on the defendant's llfd. lie said It could be considered from that standpoint. The eoart told the Jury that it must sot be swayed by the ovldonoe concerning Stanford Whlto's charac AN IRATE FOREIGNER WOULD SET JAPS ON US Bertih Yon Something Who If Working On the Railroad Would Be Known By Number Instead of Name, Ex presses His Supreme Contempt For the Lowdown Ignorant Yankee The Capital Journal is in receipt of tho following communication, writtfn on a Hotel Orogon letter bend: Portland, Orogon, Jan. 28, 1008. Editor Tho Dally Capital Jeurnal: In your paper of Jan. 27, yoM havo In brond heading on your front I'ngo "VAXDKRIHIr GUUj MAUIMKS AN UNIMIONO.UNOAHLH COUNT," Poor misguided ignorant yankoo that you aro. Your nolfconcoit is suoh that you Ioobo sight of your own Ignorance You had bottor sorvo drinks behind a bnr and enter to the rabblo of your undigested typo and not shine nt tho CAPITAL of tho Btnto Orogon with your flagrant igno rance. AND KIR'CATKD Kl'KOIMUN CAN PHONOUNCH THAT NAMK, HUT I1KIXG A YANKKK YOU AIIH TOO MUCH HKLOW THK STANDAHD SET IIY OT1IKR NATIONS. Somo dny, I hopo, THK JAPS WILL GOMI3 AND T15ACH YOU A IiirULIiJ WKLL DIi:itVKD L1SSSOX, IT WILL KNOCK THK CON CHIT OUT OP YOUIt SWHLLKD 1IKAD9 AND TKNI) TO PltODUCK MOHK POLITKNICHS AND LUSH HULL1HHNHH8. Well knowing tho old Baying, "The Ignorant aro novcr dofoatod in any argument' .. . ,. .. . .iw ,,-..-Jk . ,-.. s I tafcofor gra'nted'on. willlftdptonio. lawyeiUkq: niohod 0jther4 Jgiorlng or dlsouMln tlio.VuoJdot Qf ypin' stupidity. ', 7, , ' ' DBHUII VON TUCHNBU.' If tho Iloruh,' or Bnron von Tuohuer will pardon us, wo would be tempted to off or his title ua n promlitm to our paper, but wo doubt if unybpdy would consldor thnt an nddltlonnl attraction KVKN TO A ONK CK.NT NKWSPAPKH. If It woro not offending tho high-toned Kuropoan gontlomwn wo would offer him as a promlum to any of our Hiibscrlbors who can pro nounco his nnmo, AND HUN L1TTLK IUSK OP HIS HHING TAKI3N. Ho Is not tho first titled two-bit Kuroponn who has considered tho Ynnkoos, as ho calls nil Americans, SO .MUCH 1IHLOW HIM THAT TIIKY COULD NOT PHONOUNCK 1118 NAMK, but ho should romombor that tho Amorlcan pooplo have been nblo to make thomsulves tolerably well understood nnd In unmlstnkoablo tormH, IIY" ANY KQHHIGN POW KII TIIKY 1IAVKJ KVKIt GONE UP AGAINST. Ah for tho Japs, Baron, you and your pooplo thrown In, CAN JOIN HANDS WITH THKM ANY DAY, and undortnko that llttlo loBson In po Utonose and wo will take chance an to who will have tho most oonaelt knocked out of tholr swolled heads. A so-callod Buropoan nobleman haa been hanging around tho Portr land hotels, and advortlsoi THAT Hit IS NOT OUT POH MATCH .MAKING. If ho isn't aftor somo Amorlcan heiroiw, he Is tho first one of that Hk who has como to the Unltod Stntos on any other business. Thoro should be u law passed by oongross making it a orimo for American womon worth any considerable amount of rnonoy to marry ujiy of thoso forolgn aounts, unloss sho wna willing to loavo tho largo part of her fortune FOIt THK ESTABLISHMENT OP PJUVATK LUNATIO A8Y- kLU.MS. If our friend, tho Bnron von Tuclinor wants to toach tho Amorlouns any lessons In polltenees, why doosn't horalso a roglmontand como over here AND STAKT AN INTKRNATIONAL SCHOOL OP POLITP.NKSS, in plnco of threatening tho Amorlouns with tho Japs. Under nil the clreuuiHtunQOtf. so far as wo have read history, both Jape and tho Amerleans do their owu fighting and have LITTLE HB8PP.CT KOIt THK WILLOW WHO DOKK HIS FIGHTING IIY PROXY. In tho meantime wo would give two-bits to know what nationality Beruh belongs to anyway. TO THOSK LIVING ON RURAL ROUTES Postmaeter Squire Parrar doslroe to call attontlon to the praotlco of some patrons of rural delivery of placing loose coin in their boxes each time they deeire to dispatch lotooi Instead of supplying them selves with portage in auvanoe or tholr needs. This praotice imvoses undue hard ship on rural carriers In removing loose coins from boxes and delays them on tho servlco of their routes. The postmaster, therefore, urgent ly requests that patrons of rural de livery provide themselves and keep on hand a supply of stamps con sletept with and in advance of their needs. It is also vor'y deslrablo that rural patrone place in their mail boxes small detachable cups of wood or tin In wbloh to place coins, when necossary, in purchasing supplies of Nenv CorportfoiMi, Article of Incorporation have been filed in tho olllco or the seorttnry of stnto us follews: Elite China & Olam Cempany: prliiolpal office. Portland, Oregen: capita; stock, $1800; Incorporators, Harold Laoge, W. P. Rrehlonateln and B. P. Slnshelmor. Northwest Investment and Con struotlon Cempany: principal office. Portland, Oregon; capital stock, 10, 000; incorporators, F. C. Barnard, H. M. Pranohor and 0. T. Bernard, Nehalem Mutual Telephone Com pany; principal office, Mist, Oregon; capital stock, f3000; incorporators, Walter M. Carl, Hrnest H. Hogberg and Albin E. Harvoy. Pettyjohn, Nicole & Co.; prlngipal offloe, Marshfleld,. Oregon; capital stock. 16000; Incorporators, L. D. Pettyjohn, T. Nlools and Jus B. H lb-bard. Continued on page five.) ter, or by any speculative doubt. stamps.