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WTIlUCTIONS bv I J. II IS KJA1XJM. UUUl 1VIV kvlmt Wood Preservation Means. ;'i.u nnaf of wood is' today a bis (m to evory farmer, every raHrbad , G1 ..m tttlnn ntfftirtt an!!L' i fnfit. who must inn Imbor where It is likely to decay. . . rmttipo tho oxncil&o of fGtinn nta railroad ties, mino timbers, ..?.. ,.iaf nntiRtnntlv' lio ronlncfif! "" . .nm n vital nroblem. The TndB of timber used for those pur oses are becoming scarcer and career anu wir i' bi ""'j lehcr. Long misuse of tho forest m m?i ?- " w":":-' "7 Kith tnO HlUBl vmuiuitb iiiaUBmuiiv ? -.ii.i im ji lont tlmo 'beforo tho EuDDly of tho best tlmbere would In- jreflse n-uuuwj . uvu ... rlCC mu',n nrn tWO WflVB 111 which tllO .uuatlon may be mot. Ono Is to rolong tho life of tho forest by ',.. ..an- thn nthnr Is to nrolonz L. ii- nt flmborft In service bv rcatlng them with some preserva ivo. It Is the second of thoso meth- ids of economy wmcu is mu buu ed of this circular. It Is easy 10 buu ui u. mu mugm D tlmo tlinbors can bo used Is doubler, oniy nan nu uuicu muuer ,n i, rnnnlrntl nn befora ninl onlv ione-httlf as much money will need to he spent in mu imrciiunu ui uni ... rri.io to tho chief Ealn In treat- fne wood with preservatives. Yet there la aniunur uu ""i""1""' "" ...., .unniia. which for n lone time KUu; " 7"'" - , - . Vi.i. lere C0IlBlUrt!U llimuoi nunuivoa, jnQ bo troatcu nnu mnuo io mat us fon ns tho scarcer nnd more cxpen-.i-f i,iniia. Thin of courso means tbat tho consumer will havo tho ' i.i nt n much crontor number of woods than ho had beforo and at less cost. Wood preservation, wiuu, ihv longs tho lUo of timbers In ub ..4..nna tliolr post, nnd clvOB to the user a wider cholco of woods than ever before. Methods or preservation nvum uu iTorled for dlfforont localities and different kinds of wood, and the T-,At cnrvino imn issued several ...t.llnntlntia u-hlnh doul with the problems presented In dlfforont re gions. Tiieso puuiicwwuiio nu u. .ii.i inffirnintlon can bo had upon application to tho forester. Wlint uvciiy in. Ti,n incnv of n nlnnt body, such .. .n,t ia nni nn Innrcnnlc nroc- ess liko'tho rusting of Iron or tho crumbling of otone, ni is uuo io u.u MiviMoa nf low forms of nlant lire called bacteria and fungi. Bac teria arc among tho simplest of nil forms of llfo. often consisting ui uut olnfln onll TTllsPrORnlC In SlZC. Somtjtlmes several such colls may bq .attached to enrh otnor, anu so luuu . h.nn.i n fllnmnnt. ITstinlV tllOV I are colorless, and multiply bv the di vision of tho parent cell Into other i cells, which, in mm, umuu uB". rr. .,.,i nuiimifii mnnh more com plicated than bnctorln, are also low In tho Bcalo of creation when com : pared with familiar floworlng plants . ..i i,,ii,o Timv ronsist mcroly I ot tiny threads or liyphae, which are collectively known ns me mycuiiu.ii. Tn mnnv nt tho hlcrhnr fomiB Of flingl : the threads grow togother to form compact maBsos to iisu. ""' examples of thoio forms nro tho toadstools, which grow on damp, rotting logs, and tho "punks," or "brackets," on tho trunks ot trcoa In iYin fntnaf Tho cnusos of decay In wood, how ever, nro notmeso iruiung "" themselves. Sporos. very prlmltlvo substitutes for seed, which are mi M ill.V.li(!MlW gj ij Wi ALCOHOL 3 PER CENT ANgelalkRpeparailonrarAJ similar iteFbodandlWuli IdigUicStomadisanilBwjof Promotes DigesltonChmfur j nttcc n ml Rpsirontilns nciUsr Opiuni.Morphlne norruncraLi Up Nc OT NARCOTIC, sa JkejtafO!JIkSIUPna2& Inpftf Sttd" jttxJasxx 2Ga " ye& mxz thk KmSed' ytcntOTT. Apcrfcct Remedy forCowgJ- ssy Yorrus,ComTiisionsj:Hii ncssapiL0SS0FSLEEpv FacS'uuik Signatured rcft &tfG&'' c$'9jpy of VJ?rPf. Is58 !-.. I XTI.W -VIJIIIY .-" 1 W I KHgriiieTSSa2Sr It WOUld h u, i J . liJ' L?'J ' f ' .' '. "" f0rPn ,Vh ,ur,;y" "?rfy "oi irouhlir "A .Tf ' :a" .rms ' lu"B fnto" u.?iMhocount!e58 compartments tt r.uXh,c l l.h. n,,der surfaces of tho -vl.lo.i .- 1,'j" "'." ..u,5"" ".B uomes are somet men hi- hoT. ;... "uuu,;tl " innnite num ll'uM nr.0.80. flnc that th"oy can u.suugmsneu only by tho ml croscopo. When anon In l.ii, ,.. appear as the finest dust. Like dust .lrilnr?. carrAed by th0 w,nd and strike all portions of the surround ing objects. Few species ot fungi successfully attack healthy living tree', and only a comparatively small number can attack and de try, w,00,d. Yet tho Bpores ot some And lodging In dead portions of a tree In cut timber, and, It the wood is moist and in tho right condition for the spore to grow, it germinates and sends out a thin, fllmllko struc ture of tho wood. Theso aro tho real agents of decay. This Is not tho only way that a fungus can enter a sound stick of timber; for If a good stick Is lying clojc to a rotting one, tho mycelium may grow over or through tho moist grcind and so reach tho sound stick, which it Immediately attacks. Sometimes, too, when a tree Is cut It already has a fungus growing In Its wood. If tho fungus happens to be a truo parasite that Is, If It can grow only In living tissues It will die when the tree is feiled: but If it has been accustomed to growing In tho honrtwood of tho tree, whicn Is practically dead. It may continue to Hvo and develop even aftor tho troe has been snwed Into timber. Wood la composed of minute colls. Tho chief material of tho cell walls la a substance called cellulose, and around this there aro Incrustcd many dlfforont organic substances known collectively as. llgnln. Most of tho wood-destroying fungi at tack only the llgnln; others attack the coll'iloso alono, while a third class destroy all parts of tho wood structure. The llgnln and the coll ulous nro dissolved by certain sub Btnncos accreted In tho fungi, nnd thus servo as food for tho fungus growth. In this way tho fungi enn develop until they extend through out every portion of tho timber. Af tor a tlmo tho amount of fiber chnngod Into food and assimilated by tho fungus causes tho wood to be come decolored. Discoloration mny alio bo produced bv pigments In tho f'ingus or sccrotod by It. Finally so much of tho wood fiber Is enton nway or changed In composition that Its strength Ib greatly diminished, tho texture becomes brittle and dis connected, rind tho wood is said to bo "rotten." But food Is not tho only thing that a funcus ronulrcs for Its crowth nnd development. It must nlso havo heat, air, and molsturo. If any ono of theso Is lacking tho fungUB can not uevoiop. tho ne cessary heat Is Biippllod by almost overy climate, nnd It Is only In rare casos, as under wntor or deep under tho surfaco of tho ground, that air can bo excluded from tho timber. Of tho four renalromcnts, therefore, two nro beyond control. It Is onlv bv depriving tho fungi of food or niolsturo that tho destruction they causo can bo proventcd. How. Dccny Can lie Retarded. Tho simplest why of prolonging tho life of timber exposed to tho attack of wood-do3troylng fungi Is to reduco tho niolsturo content of tho wood. Tho amount of wator In green timber varies according to the part of the treo from which tho wood Is cut. Tho outer layers of tho trunk nro composed of sapwood tho cells of which contain largo amounts of organic BubBtancos which servo excellently as food for !tho fungi, Moroovor, sapwoou ai 'ways contains a largo amount of CASTORi For Infants and Children., The Kind You Have Always Bought Bears the Signature of In Use For Over Thirty Years CASTORIA THl IIWW MMW' "t,T""r" M( W y DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAL, SALEM, OREGON. water. It Is the portion of tho tree, therefore most susceptible to attacks from fimgi. Hcartwood, which cai usually be distinguished from sap wood by Its darker or more reddish color, contains, on tho other hand, much less moisture. It Is thoroforo more durnble than sapwood. But because Its poros aro stopped up by gums and resins It dies out much less rnpldly than the more poroui sapwood. In almost every caso as much care should bo taken thor ughly to dry out the hcartwood as In tho case of tho molster sap wood. By piling the timber so as to per mit free access of air all around It the moisture content of timbers of certain sizes can bo reduced to about IB or 18 per cent. Of course tho cltmato has a groat lnfluonce on tho rato at which tho wood dries out and tho total amount ot moisture tt loses, Tho moisture content of alr-drv wood can be still further reduced by kiln-drying; and this Is empolyed to a considerable extont, but usually tor other purposes than increasing tho durability of tho wood. More over, either air-dry or kiln-dry wood has tho power to reabsorb moisture when exposed to tho atmos phere In damp situations, and so tho benefits ot drying, as far as dura bility Is concerned, are only mod erate. Yet tho Increased llfo which It gives Is, in nearly all cases, more than sufficient to repay tho added cost ot seasoning. The strength of partially seasoned timber, other things being equal, in crcaso as tho amount ot moisture It contains decreases. Thoroughly seasoned timber of small sizes Is sometimes three or even four times as strong as tho same timber, when green. Moreover the process of drying out. important but llttlo un derstood chnnges tnko place in tho organic contonts of tho wood cells, by which tho wood Is not only rend ered less attractive to fungi, but is mado more permeablo nnd so better prepared for prosorvatlvo tcatment. All timber should bo thoroughly sea soned before bolng exposed to do- cay. An exterior coating secured by dipping a post In a thin solution'of cement or othor material that will harden on tho post Is not nn effec tive protection, because In shrink ing or swelling tho wood forms cracki through which decay ontors. By Chemlcnl Impregnation. By far tho best method of check ing tho growth of fungi, however, is to deprive them of food. This can bo dono by Injecting poisonous substances Into tho timber, nnd bo changing tho organic mattor from foods sultablo for fungi Into power ful fungicides. It Js a mlstako to supposo that tho gorniB ot deeny nro Inherent In tho wood, nnd only nood nn opportunity for development to hrlnir nhmit Its destruction. Sovoral nrocossos for tho nresorvatlon of wood have been founded on tho false assumption that It Is necessary to destroy tho "germs" In tho Intortor of the timber. Tho Impression doubtless arose from tho fact thnt, aftor a stick of timber begins to rot, It Is Imposslblo to tell Just whero the fungus sporo? germinated and gnlncd an onternnco Into tho tim ber. Moreover, tho fact that tho Interior of tho wood may have reached nn advanced stago of do cav boforo thoro nro any external nviilnnrOB of tho f'lnnl SUCll 1 fruiting bodl.es, or films of mycelium tends to convinco ino cnsuiu uu scrvor thnt decay starts from tho In terior. Yet tho wood-destroying agencies start from tho outside. This explains tho offlcacy of cortaln paints which merely form n super ficial coating over tho surfaco of tho timber, but which aro poisonous enough to prevent tho spores from gormlnntlng, or tho liyphae of most forms of wood-destroying fungi from nonetrntlng Into tho unpro- ' lected wood In tho Interior. Tho an- clonts wero in tno nnoii 01 iihiu.. their statues with oily and bitum inous preparations to preserve thoro from decay. Tho great wooden Btatuo of Diana at Ephosus, which was t'ippoBed to havo desconded mi raculously from heavon, was pro tected from earthly decay by oil of nard. Pettlgrow extracted tho pre servative fluids from tho heart of an Egvntlan mummy that had re sisted decay for over 3000 yean, and founj thnt decomposition m medlatply sot In. This showed that It wns fie prosenco of the nntlseptjcs whlrh tirevontod docay, nnd not a chemical chango of tho tissues. Aerflimut'N Narrow K-cjumv Oakland. Cal., Juno 22. Joseph Randall, aeronaut ot lodoro parlc. U today being congratulated by his friends on a miraculous c-scapo from death yesterday In a burning balloon Randall's balloon caught at a height '. m JTt nn,i tho flra nu ck y open ed a space large enough to let tho. ? !?, V Woo rot the heat, a the" mrk. He had p So. of mind enough to swing him self and parachute clear of the theater and hung swinging In the air until he was rescued by man i with a ladder. He scaped without a scratch. Notlco to Property Ownors on Ilroail way Street. Notice Is hereby given thai the owners of property to bo benefited by the Improvement of Broadway stroet In tho city of Salem, Oregon, with creek or river gravel, between tho north line of North Mill creel: and the north line of Madison street, in eald city, who desire to make said Improvement In lieu of their asiess ment and In accordance with tho plans and specifications now on fllo in the office of the city recorder ot Bald city, shall file their written ap plication therefor with said city re corder, on or before Juno 29, 1903. By order of tho common council. W. A. MOORE3, C-16-llt City Recorder. MONDAY, JUNE 22, 1008 MWWWWMMWWWWMMMt WANT ADS-QUICK wwwtiwwwwwwwwrtwwiwwiiiwwiiiiirtwiwinwiMiwim FOR SALE or swe uood, almost now baler. Can bo seen at Capital Soap Works, 1230 Ferry street. Will very cheap. G-18-lmo Automobile For Sale First class, 3G-horae power, 5 passenger Stod-dard-Dayton tourlug car for sal9 cheap. Owner will guaranteo car. Enquire at Journal office. For Sali First-class carpet paper st this offlco, 25c for a big roll. Farm nd City Property Our lists of desirable properties is too largo to specialize. Yorox Bros. Co., 373 Stato Btreot. tf. 'i ' For SaleNow G-room houso on Markot and Thirteenth . All con veniences. Will Bell cheap. Ad dress C. H., Journal office. tt Thoro Is a Demand For properties conveniently located which may be purchased on Installments. If you havo ono of merit, olthor city or country, to bo sold In this manner nt markot valuo, let mo know about It. Customers aro now wait ing to eloso doaU. Faul M. Blnis, Main 729, 222 N. Commercial. For Sale Ono model E Ramblor runabout. Warranted first class condition. Seo Wilson & Mauror C-18-lmo For Sale A first class cow for alo choap. Phono Farmers 24X KOU- SALE. OIO Acres Located 3 miles from good, thriving town, closo to Sa lem. 210 acres undor cultivation, 75 acres tbnibcr, balanco pasture 1 B-room house, 1 G-room houso, barn 54x92, will hold sufficient feed for 2 years, othor outbuild ings; school houso on tho plnco. Stock consisting ot 40 head good cattlo, G head horses, 10 hoga, and wagons nnd Implements goos with plnco, all for $40 por acre. Good terms may bo had. 15 Acres Located in tho famous Roscdnlo district, 11 ncros undor cultivation, 3 acres orchard con sisting of prunos, pears, apples and cherries. Rnspborrlcs and strawborrics. About 8 acres In oats' and vetch, bnlanco paBturo. 5-room houso and barn; prlco $2250. 20 Acres Located GW miles from Snlem, all undor cultivation ex cept a aero ot timber. Soil, a rich -black loam, no gravel nor white land .on plnco. A 20x20 hoiiBo nnd a now 24x32 barn, nUo now granary 14x10. Good family orchard; prlco, 12250. Good terms can bo had. SALEM INVESTMENT CO. 432 State Btreot. FOR SALE. Grain, Stock, Dairy nnd Fruit Farms Somo of tho vory best In the valley. m.1 Acres 340 undor cultivation In crop, balanco timber and good pasture, spring wnter all year. An Ideal stock or dairy farm; well fenced; good houso, 9 rooms, barn and granary; good orchard. This Is a snap, only $37 per aero; ad Joining Innd hold at $40 to $00 por aero, 100 Acres -120 undor cultivation, In crops wheat and oats, host in tho valley; 10 acres of flno boar lng orchard dlfforont variety; bal ance oak timber and pasture, null ing wator all yoar. Houso and bam, good roads, near Salem. Prlco $100 per aero; adjoining land sold at $125 per acre. W Mki n Specialty Of Wlllam etto Valloy farms. List your farm with us. IJECHTEL & SCHl'LZ, 871 Stale.. In lluef. FloirrWor. Livery nnd Feed Stables Old Post office Stables, at 254 Ferry street between Commercial and From streets. Telephone 188. Some of the finest liveries In the city can bo found here. Dick Westacott proprietor. 10-Myr a in a vii nnftll PATrfORIKS" fttnlfCTSrZW sash, doors, mouldings. Ail kinai of houso finish and hard woe4 work. Front street, between State and Court. Make all complaints at the off ee. liinnffl Wis VPFMMCH FEMALE imm'iMJu pills. I - - - . .-.. ... l a.M rii- lull fcf Ptltka .wnwiiw. . . wT till. (41 rtlfpM4'tl' lui bH Hl f Ml " M IM UmTOMBtClCO..T4.UTf .r J Sdd In Sakm by Dr. S. C Sir' MIRCEXliAKEOUS Lonlon Xooulo House Ferry street, near High. 6-B-lmo. Togo Xoodlo Hohso First class place to get bowl noodles. Fresh j and woll served 10c. 439 Ferry, street, 6-5-lmo Help Furnished Five ot Charge By Salem Employment Company, 478 Stato stroet, phone No. 149. Par ties wanting help please call at offlco or phono us. Also have cows ! for salo. Concrcto Work Qet my prices on sidowalks, curbs, septlo tanks and comont work ot any kind. All work guaranteed first-claw. Mr. Ward, 237S Maplo Ave, Highland. Phono 1GG9. Juty24-tt Vejrct Lumber and Facl Co. Lum ber ,shlngle, building material, wood anc coal. Low prices and prompt deliver!. One block ast of 8. F. paseng? depot Fhoae 198. 7-2-tf Butto & Wcuderoth Fine wine, liquors and Cigar. Wa handle the celebrated Kellog gand Caitla whiskies. Cool and refreshing beer constantly or draught, South Commercial street. 9-8-lyr Enlarged Our moat market on Ev.t Stato street has boon doublod In stzo and wo aro hotter prepared than ovor to sorvc customers. Prompt sorvlco and tho best of meats our motto. Call or phone 199. H. E. Edwardi Moat Co. rxuniERS Tuco. M. Itarr Plumbing, hot watr and steam heating and tinning. 104 Commercial street Phono Main 192. 9-1-lyr M. J. Pctzcl -Plumbing, steam ano gas fitting. Successor to Knox A Murphy, 226 Commercial streat 'Prone Main 17. , r WANTET) . . ynntf4l nt Once From flOO to $500, tho best ot collateral secur ity to offor. Address G 10, Jour nal offlco. G-ll-tf Wanted Immediately six good car pontorB, Salem Indian school, Phono Main 128. Apply to Edwin L. Chnlcroft, Supt, Chema wa. Or. 0-19-3t. LODGES. :arpc"tcn Union No. lOfitt Log Union No, 1065 of Carpenters an Jolrora of America meet ever? Saturday evening at 8:00 p. m. is Hoarat hall, 420 State St. A. W Dennis, Rec. Bee. Foresters of America Court Sher wood Forostor8, No. 19. Meeti Saturday night In Holman hall, Stato. street Waldo Miller, O. R,; J. O, Perry, financial secretary. Central Lodge No. 18, K. of P. Castle Hall ia Holman Mock, eor ner State and Liberty street Tuesday of each weok at 7:80 m. Oscar Johnson, G. 0.5 K. H Anderson, IC of R. and 8. Modem Woodtaca of America Or gon Cedar Camp No. 6246, Meeti ovory Thursdjy evening at I o'clock In Holman hall. W. W Hill, V. C; F. A Turner, clerk .Voodmcn of World Meet every Fr day night at 7:30, In Holmaa hall O. L. Darling, C. O.; P. L. Frai ler, Clerk. Lincoln Annuity Union. Sick, aeel dent and pension insurance; $2, 000,000 pledged; every claim pat Good agents wanted. J. H. C Mongomery, supreme organiser Box432 Salem, Oregon. R. R Ryan, secretary, 648 atate strt DRAYMEN. Cumtnlua lro. Transfer Cewpany All kinds of transfer work done Furniture and pianos boxed read; for shipment. Prompt service It our motto, Stand and office at 253 South Commercial street. Phone 210. Residence Phone 9H. L - '. RETURNS REAL ESTATE FOR 8A1 r Are You ii ihQ Market for Sone Good Buys? 375 ncros 4 miles from Salem, good houso aud barn, 300 acroe In cultivation. $31,875. 20 acros at Frultiand, 12 acres la cultivation, balanco timber an4 pasture, good spring, G-roor house, now, barn, 2-acro apple orchard which nottod $200 last year. Prlco $2100. Modern G-room cottago on Court streot, city wator, sowor, eta, Prlco 91000. Farms For Any Purpose Any numbor ot ncros to suit, look ovor our lists beforo buying, all our buyors havo boon well satisfied, wo can ptonso you. Salem Branch Yorox Bros. Co, OLMSTED LAND CO. Salem Branch Yore nro. Oe. 37tt STATE STREET. urn, i huh i m i mm The X Whkc House Restaurant For a Regular J 25c Dinner at 20c J They can't be tatt McG'tJchrist & Son Proprietor. 3 fuiimmiiiiiniiiiiiit itjiiiiiiiiiiiniiimiii RM COURT BHtltlT. Call and try Urna. UU 15c. Board per week $1.71, also furnished reasonable. AT TBI rewaas very Salem Restaurant MEALS 15c hiii iiiimiiiiiiili 1 HOTEli OREGON 1 1 1 II ! ' Cor Seventh and Stark 8t. Portland's New and Modem j Hold. Rotes $1 per day ami I up. European plan. Tree Bus. WRIGIIT-WCKINSON HOTEL CO. Proprietors owntiaaMcwf Ii The Leonard! First class rooming and board- ; ; lng house. A. Clark, proprlo- ! '. tor. Phono 971. 264 Front St Salem, Or, x mMMwWw& Phone 44 Main 147 N. High St. C. W. YANNKE Proprietor of THE FASHION STABLES Cabs iipd Livery, all Rig Modera Rubber Tiro. HOLLIBTKR-a Rocky Mountain Toa Nugget A Uaiy Mdlola f Buy PhU Brttii 0Ia nlth itl Biw Vipr -T liwT.y T. M'i Umyl '', '"'P1'" KooJ 1JI llrwi h. WluMftU kH H.lib Kt ftm bh k U.x 0...iu. rt Ujr ii -ut r Itvo c-UKry. JWI". Wi. I50LDEN NUGGETS TOR SALLOW rEOTLS IIUTTBIINUT IIRKAU, It U worth wore than any other i.read yet the prlco U no blgker. ror !- t your grocer', CALIFORNIA BAXKRF, TbowM Oeoley, Prof. HOTELS A? RBSTAUltTAOTir" IS t i I t I . ' .. i " kKViiBw minfn? - v"