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DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAL, SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, BKrTEMHER P, 1809.
f Store Closed All Day Today On Account of Fire EXPRESS RATES ARE REDUCED Pacific Company Cuts Down Its Charges on an Average of 20 Per Cent on AH Oregon Lines. A TALK AB0UT PEARY (Contlnuod from Page 1) mMieto itwf iti iiiiw SALEM BREWERY ASSOCIATION Beer Sold in Carload Lots. Shipments in Kegs or Bot tled Beer to any Point on the Pacific Coast : : : : . Brewing Plant and Offices II ; ; On Trade St In Wholcsote District Salem, Oregon swiw i i i mtitf f i iwi mnunnirt The Daily Capital Journal Prints the Latest News Are You a Subscriber? The Pacific Express Company filed a now revised tariff In tho Railroaa Commission office this morning, in which it reduces Its merchandise rates In Oregon on tho avorago of 20 per cent, somo being much lower. This is tho culmination of a corn plaint filed with tho commission a year ago by D. F. Jones, of Independ ence, in which he complalnod of the high rates being charged by tho Pa cific Express Company. The readjustment includes 3300 soparatc rates. It covers all express stations, Portland eastward to tho Washington state lino, and to Hunt .ington on lino of O. R. & N. Co. It does not Include tho stations on tho Sumpter Valley railway (which wore taken over by the Pacific Express Company after the tiubmlsston of tho controversy to tho commission), ex cept as far as affected automatically by tho reduction to and from Dakor City, on which tho Sumpter valley rates arc based Nor docs the read justment reach lower Columbia river points, served by tho Pacific Ex press Company by steamer, na such traffic Is necessarily largely interstate Controversy originated with formal complaint filed by D. F. Jones, of In dependence, ropresontatlvo from Lin coln and Polk counties. After a hearing boforo the commission, an order was mado on April 29, 1000, finding tho oxlstlng rates unreason able and prescribing now rates for the future. Tho rates filed nro slight ly lower thnn those subsequently pro scribed by tho amended order. For Instance, tho Portland-Huntlngton rate was $4,00, tho order April 29, fixed It at (3,00, and tho amondod order, Just iisucd, nt $3,25. Dofore the Bervlco of tho order on tho ox pressn company it' nppcarod before the commission by J. W. Rogers, Its rniperlntondont, of Salt Lake, and Wnllncc McCnmant, Its attorney, nnd requested furthor consideration of the matter and conferences, with a view to an adjustment, without re port to litigation to contest tho com mission's order. A number of con foronces wero hold, and proposllons nnd counter propositions mado. Mr, Rogers mnde a trip to St. Louis to present personally tho matter to tho traffic officials of the express com pany. Tho new tariff has beon checked with caro to avoid discrep ancies, such as n greater charge for a shorter intermediate haul than tho longer haul, rates exceeding the sum of intermediate local rates and de partures from n fair mileage scale. The original order waB mado to np apply only as to articles taking mor chandlso and general special rates, and not to shipments of coin, fruit, poultry, which wore not covorod by tho evldenco taken. Howovor, tho now traffic will be applicable to all commodities, howovor classified, which tako rates based on merchan dise ratos, or multiples- or fractions thereof. There aro somo special rates now in effect between certain points which aro lower than general rates, and no change Is made In theso Tho new tariff will become effective October 1st. While necessarily it must be confined by Its terms to In terstate business, the express com pany has Indicated that necessary changes in interstate business will be made 1 o HARRIMAN'S DEATH CHANGES THE PLANS SABINE HANELT 3 Act Musical Comedy GRAND OPERA HOUSE Benefit Public Library TWO NIGHTS gsSMJEflo PRICES: $1, 75c, SOc, 25c days, only one or which must have beon good going. On March 15 he encountered anothor opon lead. Mo evidently did not dolny there very long, for ho crossed the 86th paral lel three days later. Then, with a burBt of tromendous speed ho crossed tho 86th parallel on March 23. So in less than a month ho reached the 80th parallel, although, to uso his own words, he "was hold up for seven days" that month by water. Peary then encountered opon loads from March 23 to March 24, and on tho following day crossed the 87th parallol. On tho very next day ho passod his own record mado in April, 1902. On March 27th and 28th he oncountcred another opon load. Ho must havo encountored another load on tho 29th, but, with tho tromond ous speed he must havo boon mak ing, Bucocded In crossing tho 88th parallol four days lator, and two days later ho crossed tho 89th parallel. Thon It required only two daya for him to reach tho polo. Commander Peary tells n wondor ful story of travol ovor'tho polar Ice. To accomplish this ho must havo mado 36 miles a day for many days, which was only posslblo over smooth Ice. Tho story simply takes my breath away. On tho return trip tho speed scorns ovon nioro wondorful. Ho loft the polo oit April 7 nnd roachod Capo Columbia April 23, 490 miles as tho crow files. Wuon ono considers tho moving and shifting of tho ice cur rents nnd tho noccssnry troublo ho had to undergo to avoid obstacles, this dlstnnco is considerably In croasod. ' r On tho 16th day of March from tho polo to Columbia ho must havo nveraged over 31 miles a day, and with opon lends nnd other obstacles must havo boon obliged to have mndo the phonomonal speed of 40 miles on every day. - do not bollovo that Peary oncountcred very rough Ice. Tho opon lends wero very probnbly slmplo fissures caused by tidal ac tion. It nppcars from tho account of Peary and also from that of Dr. Cook that tho now Innd to tho west, grounded on Ice floes, and tho shoal of water on tho cast with tho land on tlio south form a trlanglo which makes tho Ico at tho polo Immovable. Point Out Peary's Speed. Coponhngon, Sept. 0. Tho groat spood that Commander Peary at tained In his dash for tho polo Is in torprotod by Dr. Frodorlck A. Cook as bolng ono link In his chain of proof that ho also roached tho north polo. Dr. Cook today said: "Peary's figures nro not incredible nnd ho could easily havo mndo It ovor smooth ice. It Is not my purpose to ontor into a discussion regarding Poary'B trip, rognrdless of what ho says about mo. "I shall wait until ft scientific In vostlgntlon vindicates my ovory state ment. Tho point I wish to bring out Ib that Peary attalnod a speed even grentor than mlno." Dr. Cook cnllod attention to tho criticism of hlmsolf becauso of his fnlluro to glvo a dotailod statomont of his trip ,nnd polntH out that Ponry j.cl less. Dr, Cook leaves this afternoon for Brussels, The fact that Marvin was with tho supporting party leads mo to bollovo that McMillan was tho only white man with Peary when ho mado tho flnnl dash. I must admit, howovor, that Peary's figures showing his Increased rapidity on tho traveling nearer tho polo conflrnm Cook'B spood state ments. Howovor, I am convinced from the tono of Poary'B message that he has In his possession facts which will provo that Dr. Cook is wrong in hta bollef that ho roached tho pole. Cook Talks Sensibly. Paris, Sept. 9. In a signed state ment today Dr. Frodorlck A. Cook re plied to Commandor Poary'B charges and reltorated that ho does not do Blro to ontor Into a controversy with Peary. Ho stated that ho 1b willing to await tho scientific vordlct. In conclusion ho said: "Peary Bays my Eskimos Bald I did not go very far north. To this I an swer that Svordrup has undortnkon tho command of na oxpodltion to seek out my Eskimos nnd bring them back to Coponhngon. I will pay tho expenses. When thoy arrlvo In Co ponhngon thon wo will boo whnt thoy havo to say." Confer Dcgrc oa Cook. Coponhngon, Sept 9. Convinced that Dr. F. A. Cook discovered tho north polo, tho Royal University nt Copenhagen conferred an honorary decorato degroo upon tho explorer this afternoon. Tho king and queen, accompanied by court dignitaries, were present during tho coromonlea. Thoro Is no Indication that D. Cook'B popularity has waned be cause of tho chargos mado by Poary that Cook did not roach tho polo, as ho claims to havo dono. AlOi OUR ROADS TOO WIDK? German Highways Narrower tat Hotter Maintained, Says a OonsBl. DROWNED HIMSELF IN THE BAY lllnlUd Prf I) Wr.i New York, Sept. 9. It is believed here this evening that the death of E. H. Harrlman has postponed in definitely tho monster plan by which ho expected to establish a direct line of railroads from New York to San Francisco, wlih through trains. With his recent acquisition of the New York Central and allied lines it is known that Harrlman dreamed of the first great ocean-to-ocean line and that he actually bad set in mo tion the plana for the formation of a tremendous holding corporation that would have made posslblo the opera tion of such a system. Iturrill Indorses Cook, Hamilton, Mont., Sopt. 9. Edward Durrlll, who claims that ho was tho only man accompanying Dr. Cook wliou ho scaled to the summit of Mt. MoKlnloy in Alaska, today declared that ho will dofoml Cook against his critics who havo Inferred that the ex plorer did not reach tho top of tho 20,000-foot peak as reported he had done. Durrlll said that ho would sign an affidavit thnt Cook mnde tho ascont. The woman who never knew why and never could understand probably never tried to understand, but most mm would be willing to go bail that she didn't neglect to ask why. Another Fool Hum uii Opinion. (By Herbert L. Brldgemnn, Secretary and Treasurer of tho Poary Arctic Club, and Staff Correspondent of tho United Press.) Stellarton, N. 8. (en route Sydnoy), Bept. 9. Commandor Robert B. Peary's brlof statomont published to day leads mo to bollovo that the- sci entific record of his trip will show that ho has solved tho problem of centuries on purely scientific prin ciples. His data proves that he is the man tp whom the nation owes its chief debt tor the achievement of reaching tho pole. Instead of going directly north, Commander Peary evidently started west over his own tracks of three years ago, and following exactly the route that ho had mapped out. Peary Is silent regarding the 30, 000 square miles of land which Dr. Cook claims to havo discovered, and It Is almost cortaln that It Peary had seen the new land that he would havo spoken of It. Tho roturn of Poary In 16 days to theexact spot from which ho started is, to my mind, a remarkablo feat (Untttd PrtM LMMd Wire.) San Frnnclsco, Sopt. 9. Jumping Into tho bay from tho dock of the stcamor General Frlsboe, as sho passed Angol Islnpd, David Lynch, a woll-known contractor, of tho firm of Dunleavy & Lynch, was drowned. It Is bolloved that tho man's death was premcdltatod. Tho man had hardly struck tho wot whon an alarm was given and tho vossel brought to a stop. A boat was lowored nnd sailors euccooded In rescuing tho body. On tho steamer efforts woro made to roRUBcltato Lynch, but without oucccss. At the morguo tho officials found a letter from his wlfo, dated at tho Hotel Motropolo. Tho contonts wore as follews: "Dear Husband I slncoroly hopo you have a llttlo oncourngomont slnco this morning. I am In hopes of hoarlng from you something brighter, and abovo nil things, try to console yourself and got your sloop, ns you cannot stand much mon, sweetheart. Your loving wlfo. (Signed) "MARGARET LYNCH" Just before Lynch threw himself into the bay bo handod a small pack ago to a passongor named Walton, without a word of explanation. Examination of tho contonta by the coronor brought to light a mem orandum book In which wns a mem bership card In tho Elks' and Eagles lodges. The authorities bollovo Lynch was despondent. o It Saved Ills Leg. "All thought I'd lose my leg," writes J. A. Bwenson, Watertown, Wis "Ten years of eczema, that 15 doctors could not cure, bad at last laid, mo up. Thon Bucklen's Arnica Salvo cured It sound and well." In fallible tor skin eruptions, eczema, salt rheum, bolts, fever sores, burns, scalds, cuts and piles, 26o at J. O. Perry's. Tho following information con cerning tho superiority of the high ways of Germany, as compared with those- of tho United States, Is tar nished by Robert J. Thompson, con sul at Hanever: German roads aro porhaps subject cd to a hundred times moro traffic than similar roads In tho United Statos. TheBo roads range from 18 to 30 feet In width, whllo In our Middlo and Western state, vfctM traffic la comparatively light, we take land of an average value of $100 per aero nnd cut It up with roadways 66 fcot in width; practically two-thirds of tho samo bolng glvon ovor to weeds, which furnish an Inexhaust ible supply of Feeds for tho adjoining fa-m lands, Tho farmer In Germany who has conquered the weeds oa at ground need have no thought of them being started again from undercnltl vatlon or uncarcd for land along the roadways. Thero aro no weeds, m mud, no chuck-holes, no san stretches In tho roads. Ono of tho simplest and most prac tical measures that could bo takes for tho bottorment of roads In the United States would bo to retaet tholr width from one-third to one half of what thoy now are. In tho United States public high ways In tho state given eekrw, lJI bo estimated as follews: Minnesota, 80,000; Wisconsin, 60,000; Michi gan, 60,000; Iowa, 70,000; Kansas, 70,00; Nebraska, 50,000; Missouri, 80,000; Indiana, 70,000; Ohio, 8ft, 000; total, 700,000. Reducing the width of these public highways, which now avorago 66 feet, to 8 fcot would give back to tho formers of those states for cultivation 3,569, 000 acres of generally tillable land, which nt nn average vnluatlon of $100 per aero would mean tho restor atlon to tho producing vnlucs of the states named of $200,000,000. MAKES RECORD TRIP ACROSS THE DESERT Bend, Or., Sopt. 9. Whnt Is in the nature of a record trip was made last week by a party of landseekers across tho Cascades Into tho Bend country. ' Tht trans-mountain trippers, M. A. Rlcknrd, Patrick Stewart and Glonsi Ireland, loft Corvnllls In a Studobak or car In tho morning and at t o'clock of tho snmo evening had trav ersed tho 1C0 miles to Dond. At It o'clock the next morning, with the addition of J. N. Hunter, n local real estate man, they continued for their destination, tho "High Desort," southeast of the town, and by thnt evening were locnted thereon upon 320-noro homesteads. No moro rapid Instance of long-distance land getting In n hurry hns been noted In this section. This Is the first automobile that has mado its way ovor tho high des ort, ns this stretch of country Is known, and for many miles tho driv er guided it through tho unbroken sagebrush, directed by Mr. Hunter, much as a helmsmnn steers his ship over an unknown sea. It Is oxpected that tho success of tho trip over the mountain nnd out upon this now land will attract many others to tesVwr. In tho wako of tho pioneer autolsts. The homesteads taken up aro on wheat land, situated In whnt Is esti mated as a 250.000-ncre area of dry farming land, lying uouthoast of Rend. This section is at prosent greatly In tho popular eye, because of Its rccont Inclusion In tho new 320-acro homestead law, which Is ex pected to boom tremendously all wheat growing In Central Oregon. o A real grievionco is ono Just the bIzo of tho ono now In your possession. WAlTUBff. Do not bo porsuadod Into taking anything but Foley's Honey and Tar for cbronlo coughs, bronchitis, sy fever, asthma and lung trouble, as It stops the cough and heals the lungB. J. O. Perry The Electric Fixture and Supply Co. Are now in their new quarters at 245 North Liberty street. We have a number of new, catchy designs to select from. Come and see us. Electric Fixture & Supply Co. L. S. HYDE, Manager --wrrir:.csrc.