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X THE RCCT I fit 5sY !i TOE LARGEST i ! CIRCULATION m oi Duo qi n i MHMMMMMMM. THIRTY-SIXTH YEAR. SALEM, OREGON. THURSDAY, MAT 15, 1913. PRICE, TWO CENTS. ffi3iTcE5Z fM. -A .A I NEWSPAPER 1 MLfl o, nnim ii ii m i hi ii 1 1 ti ii fi ii ii ii n iLf.LrHllWl.il- T 1 II II M II 1 it II II It To Save the Tiger. 1 Indictments Were Faulty. Not Their Business. .Salem Board of Trade Accepts t Conditions and Will Take f Steps to Dissolve. VOTE 12 TO 7 FOR MOVE There Was Strong Oppoeitlon Voiced, as Many Feared Its Usefulness ; " . Would Be Destroyed. With the abolition of the Board of Trade at a meeting held in the Board of Trade quarters last night, and its taking over by the Illihee club, the lat ter will have both a social and commer cial feature. By a vote of 12 to 7, a resolution was adopted to the effect hat the Salem Board of-Trade be dis solved and that the paraphernalia and general equipment of the old commer cial organization be turned ovor to be come the commercial branch of the Illi hee club and that the latter body now Tiavo control of what has been one of Salem's chef boosting bodies for many years. Before the final vote was taken, B. J. Miles, one of Salem's leading boosters, took the floor and expressed his views concerning the dissolution of the Board of Trade. He said that inasmuch as Salem is the second largest and most important city in the state of Oregon, he believed that it should be represent ed by a commercial club in keeping with the capital and that nothing could be more beneficial to the city than to have a good, live, commercial body, properly conducted and properly man agod. He declared that if the Board of Trade was dissolved, everything would Tevert to the Illihee club where social features predominate. Farmers, orchardists, suburbanites everybody should be welcome to join and take an active part in a live com mercial club in this city, belioved Mr. Miles, and he stated that he would dis like to see the Board of Trade abolish ed for the reason that certain functions, social bodies or higher-ups might inter fere in encouraging all the people to lend a hand in building up a commercial body befitting the city. Judge C. L. McNary then informed the members of the Board of Trade that it was not the intention of tlio resolu tion to deprive the commercial body of any of its equipment. He stated that the resolution only involved the dissolu tion of the Board of Trade, not its fu ture disposition or any of its holdings. Declaring that he could not see any use of dissolving the Board of Trade ami consolidating with a corporatcd so cial organization, Dan Fry made things merry for a time. As Ebo LaFore would put it, "Dan riz and 'nounced liis-sclf. " Mr. Fry stated that this proposition of being compelled to give three knocks to be let in allright in fraternal, and social organizations, but a mighty poor custom to preach when inviting a man to take part in boosting a commercial organization. Ho said it looked like that if. Salem is going to -grow as it should, It should have s commercial club with the proper move ment and spirit. Max 0. Buren said that in his opinion there has not been enough boost com mercially and more boost socially in Sa lem and that he signed the petition for a new commercial club to see what tho results would be. In other words, Mr. Buren believed that every business man farmer and others In Salem and vicinity should put a shoulder to the whool and boost the Capital City so high that s man standing on the roof of the Ma sonic temple would have to stoop to let the sun get past. In order to save some expense, the consolidation of the Board of Trade with the Illihee club should be effected, stat ed Postmaster August Huckestoin. He believed that instead of hiring new quarters and new furniture, the Board of Trado should be joined in wedlock with the social organization of the city. Walter Low, ex-councilman and an all-round Salem booster, said that now is the time for Salem to get Busy. He said there should be no select organiza tin and a commercial body composed of not less than 10(10 men should be organ iied with very little effort. Bev. R. N. Avisou, auuthcr sincere booster, stated that if there was ever s time when a commercial body was need . ed in Salem, it is at this time. He said that from all he could glean from the meeting last night, it looked to him like proposed social department with . a commercial department as sn annex. When the final vote was taken, the resolution carried by a vote of 12 for : and seven against. The board of governors elected to of- Pomona, Cal., May 13. A reso lution expressing opposition to the discrimination in the proposed anti-alion land law against any nation on account of its color was introduced today before the twenty-seventh annual Southern California Congregational confer ence( causing intense discussion coming near causing a split. The resolution was finally ta bled by a vote of 47 to 43. Lay men bitterly opposed it, while minister's defended it with elo OFTEN RETROGRESSION Br. Chancellor Sees Danger in Blindly Talcing Up Certain Courses of Education. That many of the things called pro gress in the schools of today are retro gression and are shown by history to have been tried and abandoned, was the statement yesterday afternoon by Dr. W. E. Chancellor, of Columbia uni versity, New York, in an address to teachers of Salem, his subject being "Education, Old and New." He saw danger in going too far in what has been called new education, and suggest ed that when schools started in to clas sify children and teach them certain trades because it was detormincd by tho teachers that they were fitted for them, the educators wero becoming so ciul directors and engineers. Ho be lieved it to be a grave question how far educators could go without interfering with industrial and political systems, Indiana's Experiment. He reviewed at some length the insti tutional changes which have taken place, mentioning some of the startling experiments now being tried out. In Indiana a new high school he recently visited was equipped with a five-room apartment, consisting of parlor, sitting room, bedroom, dining room and sick room, the idea being to teach the girls to be good housewives. The school had all other modern departments, such as gymnasium, in addition to the regula tion class room and cooking school. There was a shower bath, art room, mu sic room, theatre and moving picture equipment. Teaching Many Trades. Tho idea of teaching trades had seiz ed manv schools. In Buffalo, N. Y., n school teaches Poles Bcorcs of trades and an idea of its extent may be gain ed from the fact that $37,000 worth of equipment was recently installed. All these changes mean that the old conception of education is being aban doned and the purpose is to differen tiate and prepare students for the func tions of life. The problem of how far schools could go was a great one. In the new education the speaker be lioved that schools were distinguishing between man as an animal and as hav ing a soul. Essential) in education were departed from for fundamentals. He explained the fact that while many things taught in the schools did not seem to have any great bearing on edu cation, a certain arrangement of ideas were necessary to get others. Superintendents Hit Hard. While a sort of tornado has recently'. swept over the country and made the office of superintendent more perilous than ever before, teachers were en trenching themselves more solidly than ever. He told of legislation in several states which made it impossible to re move a teacher without a trial and in Pennsylvania a 10-year tenure Is pro vided. Teachers' wages are being rais ed in many states, the minimum in Cal ifornia being about $75 a month, while over in Billings, Mont , ifSOO per year was the minimum. Six hundred sum mer schools are to be held this year and teachers are fitting themselves for their work as never before. Confidence in the almightiness of a lollar has proved the undoing of sev eral plutocrats. fice were: P. H. D'Arry( II. O. White, L. AMrieh, II. IC. Page, L. S. Barnes and U. G. Shipley. As understood at a meeting held last night, the members of Salem's commer cial body will hold a meeting again to morrow night in the Board of Trade rooms to decide upon the matter of or ganizing a now commercial club. A large crowd is expected to attend thij meeting in view of the fact exprewiions .made last night were many in favor of the proposed new commercial body. 10 Secretary of Commerce Red field Ha Straight Talk With Lithographers. THEY MUST PLAY FAIR Tells Them That Any Attempt to In terfere With Tariff Will Cause In . vestlgation of Their -Methods. OKITID FBISS LMiSID Will. Washington, May 15. The red flag of battle is flaunted in the face of big business here today by Secretary of Commerce Bedfield. Speaking straight from the shoulder, and striking while the iron was hot, the secretary at a banquet here last night told employing lithographers just what they might ex pect if any organized attempt was made to misrepresent the Underwood tariff bill. Bedfield was the guest of the litho graphers and when he arose to speak read part of a circular issued by the lithographers' association, in which it was predicted that passage of the Un derwood bill foreshadowed idle work men, lower wages and longer hours. "If, in the final result," said Red field, "the words I have quoted are put into effect by you to any sub stantial degree, it will be come the duty of the department of commerce to inquire into your business methods." THAT EVERLASTING HARRY THAW CASE UNITED PIUSSS LliSID WIBB- New York, May 15. Harry K. Thaw, slayer of Stanford White, arrived here today from Matteawan asylum to tea tify at the trial of Attorney John An- hut, who is being prosecuted on the charge of offering a bribe of $20,000 for Thaw's release. Thaw was taken at once to the office of the district at torney. The court today denied a motion by Anhut'8 attorneys that he be permit ted to change his original plea of "not guilty," on the ground that the de fendant hod secured immunity because he appeared beforo a legislative com mitter and gave tostimony on the caso. The selection of a jury was then be gun. , Watchman Not in Another Class as Re sult of Work and Oilers Must Get Time and Half. Attorney General Crawford today gave an opinion to Labor Commissioner lloff that watchmen may koep up fires at night nnd not cine under the provis ions relating to laborers or workmen in another class. The matter had been put up to Hoff by a Portland man who did not understand whether the keeping up of fires would put him in another class of labor, Another opinion of the attorney-general was that an oiler is entitled to time and one-half for the period spent in getting his machine lubricated if he was employed otherwise 10 hours. It was recited that it was necossary to have the machines oiled befre starting up. In some instances it takes 10 min utes to oil upf and f it is done on the regular time, grea t delay to a large force of men might result. Try to Settle Strike. united rassa leased wins. San Francisco, May 15. Represen tatives of tho Light and Power Conn cil of California and of the Pacific Gas 4 Electric Company went into confer enee here today to discuss a settlement of the strike, which has crippled light and power plants here, in Oakland, in Sacramento and a dozen other Central California cities for the last week. Today s conference is a continus tion of discussions which began yes terday, ami, while nothing official ha. been given out as yet, it is believed that the chances for an agreement aro good. Held for Trial. nsiTio rxsss liajkd wiis London, May 15. Edward Clayton known as the "male suffragette." and Miss Annie Kenney and six other mi tant suffragettes, were held for trial in Old Bailey today on charges of dis turbing the peace. San Francisco, May 15. In an effort to save from death Jacob Oppenheimer, the "Human Ti ger," of Folsom, Attorney O. C. Ringolsky today decided to ap peal to tho supreme court of the United States from the decision of District Judge Van Fleet in denying a writ of habeas corpus in Oppenheimer ' behalf. This is declared to be the las step that can be tsken to save Oppenheimer from the noose and Ringolsky, despite repeated set backs, states that he will be suc cessful. LEGISLATURE CALLS GOVERNOR'S BLUFF Held Over Five Days to Force His Hand As Usual, Oregon Showed the Way. Phoenix, Ariz., May 15. Governor Goorge W. P. Hunt's radical idoas of prison reform are responsible today for added five days to the session of the first Arizona legislature. The governor s threat to veto a penal code bill depriving him of the right of pardon and roprieve cansed both houses of the legislature to pass a special appropriation bill to cover the expense of tho continued session, which will await the governor's action. Hunt's reform ideas included a rad ical system of pardons and paroles. His views were opposed by a majority of tho legislature. GOOD FOR PUPILS Makes Them More Proficient In Other Studies, 'and Boys' Attendance is Increased. That pupils are taking industrial courses at schools are more proficient in their other studies than others, and that tho attendance of boys in high 'schools where industrial training is re quired is equal to that of girls, while in other schools the number of girls is much greater than boys, was found by E. F. Carlton, assistant stato superin tendent of schools, on an extensive trip of inspection. Mr. Carleton returned to the capitol today. Boys are required to tako two years in mauiial training, and girls two years in domestic science at Grants Pass, aud are given credits. Raise Garden Stuff, At Modford pa and ma do not have to worry about tho garden. Pupils in the soventh aud eighth grade and the first two years of high whool aro giv en credits for homo garden work, and tho plan is a great succoss. Some vory high class inlaid mahogany work was done by the Medford boys. A homo school garden is maintained at tho Ashland school, and each boy in the soventh and eighth grade and two years in the high school takes caro of a plat 15x25. Klamath Falls and Engcno have op tional courses in industrial work. Cot tage Grove is to build a high school next year, and will then have indus trial work. LOTS OF EXLPOBIVE BUT LITTLE MONEY San Francisco, May 15. Using a charge of nitro glycerine that almost shook the building from its founda tions, cracksmen blew open a safo in the El Veechio Tnscano hotel, near the Presidio, early today, but secured only $2.50 for their efforts. Tn spite of the great amount of explosive use"! by the burglars the inner compartment of the safe remained intact, and the yeggmen abandoned further attempts to open it. Several dozen inmates of the place, awakened by the erplosion, tumbled from their apartments and fled Into the street. The interior of the hotel office was completely wrecked. Weather Forccar.t. Oregon Fair tonight and Fri day, except showers tonight or Friday northwest portion. South to west winds. Town of Seward Struck Yes . terday Afternoon About 6:30 by a Twister. 10 DEAD AND 30 INJURED One-Third of sod 22 the Town Is Destroyed Residences Utterly Wrecked. Seward, Neb., "May 15. A tornado which took a toll of ten lives, injured 30-odd persons and destroyed , more than a third of the town passed through Seward shortly before 6 o'clock last night. Twenty-two residences, including sev eral of the best in the town, wore en tirely destroyed and many more were partially wrecked, but the business portion of tho place did not suffer greatly. ' The identified dead are: Mrs. David Hoover. Mrs. William Heffinger. Mrs. Chris Westerman and baby. Mrs. B. L. Wasserman. J. Schultz, Burlington section fore man. Six-year-old dnughtor of Schultz. Mrs. R. Imlny. Mrs. Samuel Criin. Mrs. EdwardB. Oscar Cogar, The known injured are: Mr. and Mrs. Stoinbcck, Mrs. Frederick, Mrs. Moinke, son of J. Schultz, Mrs. E Hol land, Bon of B, L. Wasserman. Homes Crushed Like Eggshells. The tornado formed northwest of the city : and Bwept across the country, taking many buildings along its course. It struck tho wostern or rosidonce por tion of Sownrd and swopt everything in its path clear. It came on tho town so suddenly that only part of tho poo pie had opportunity to run to cellars or other places of refuge. Those killed generally were caught in thewrockage of their homes, which wore crushed to pieces liko eggshells. The tornado, after passing tb.nuuh Sownrd, continued on Its course to the northeast, doing great damage to rural homes. Reports tonight say that the towns of Lushton, Qrnfton, Utlea and McCool wioro in the path of tho twist er, but all wire communication to those points was destroyed. I! A Moving Picture Operator Saves Audi ence But Is Nearly Suffocated in a Closet. cnitso rum mini wias. Seattle, Wash., May 15. Anton Mel- in, a moving picture operator is recov ering from partial asphyxiation from celluloid funics hero today, following his heroic action in shutting all the port holes in the operating room of the Washington theatre, when a film ex ploded, thus preventing a panic among the spectators. Melin says that tho film broke and exploded when one end fell against the arc light, Ho rushed to the port holes and closed them, turn ing to find his pathway to tho door cut off by a jet of white fire from other reels. Staggering to a closet he shut himself in. Smoko pouring from tho ventilators attracted tho police who cleared the theatre and turned in an ulurm. Malin was found unconscious by firemen and removed to the city hospi tal, where ho was revived. Shows Remarkable Growth Tnkoina Park, Mil. May 15. Remark- ulile growth of tho organization was shown by reports of committees today when tho Seventh Day Adventists open en their general conference hero with 4iH'0 delegates from all over tho world In attendance. The conference will continue through Juno H. Tho major ity of the delegates aro living in tents pitched in tho woods which surround tho beautiful buildings of the church here. There were representatives from t'orca, China, Japan, Australia, Mud agnwa.r, Abyssinia and tho Society Is lands among the delegates. Postmasters Named. Washington, May 13. President Wil son today sent tho following iiomina tions to the senate: Thomas Fox, to be postmaster at Sacramento; Edgar Battle, to be poet master at Sivttle. Los Angeles, May 15. Clerical errors in the two indictments charging George II. Bixby, of Long Beach, with contributing to delinquency of minor girls caused the grand jury to vote amended indictments today. The original cases were dismissed by Superior Judge Wood, and the new true bills at once substituted. Bixby appears tomorrow to face charges of contempt of court for failing t to appear in answer to a sum- mons to testify at the hearing 'of T Mrs. Josie Rosenborg. t San Francisco Detectives Will Prob ably Be Whitewashed and Let Off Cheaply. OH1TSS PUS LSiSID wias.l San Francisco, May 15. Indications that at least two of the eight San Fran cisco dotectives indicted in connection with the operations here of an Italian bunco ring will escape prosecution on felony charges is seen here today in a statement by District Attorney Charles M. Fickert. "I believe it would be a hotter plan," said Fickert, "to procoed on charges which we are reasonably cer tain of proving, even If the sentences on these allegations are light It would be folly to try some of these of ficers on folony counts when I am cer tain we could convict them of misde meanors. "I boliove we will fall of conviction if we try Detectives McPhoe and Tay lor on felony counts. Misdemeanor charges will hold against them, and a one-year sentence would not be so light." Enemies of Fickert now assort that the district attorney is now hooldlng the strong political pull McPhee and Taylor are alleged to possess, and free ly maintain that they never will be punished. A MOCK CASE AND A JURY OF WOMEN The caso of Rose Jackson vs. Artjur, a suit for breach of promise, was callod last evening in tho mock coirrt of the Philodorian Litoraty socioty, in the so ciety hall. Assistant Attornoy-Gonoral I. n. VanWinkle presided, and, with much difficulty, kept the embryo attornoys straightoncd out and ordor preserved In the court room. In keeping with tho suffrage amend ment, tho jury was composod of ladlos selected from tho sister socioty, the Philodoslans, who wore the guests of honor for tho evening. Miirr 'intro was leading counsel for tho plaintiff, being assisted by Ray Smith and Read Bain. The defend ant's attorneys were Clarence Gard ner, Charles Ohling and Hugh Price. Tho jury gave tho plaintiff dnmagos In the sum of 5000, During tho pro gross of the trial refreshments were served, and every effort mado to keep the woman jury cnmfortablo. LOS ANGELES VICE INVESTIGATIONS CONTINUE (UNITSO FBISS LSABID WlltS. Los Angeles, Cal., May 15. E, T, Earl, Los Angeles newspaper publisher, and Progressive political lender, was tho first witness called tmliiy before tho county grand jury which Is Invest! gating vlco conditions here. Karl also testified before tho inquisitors lute yes terday. Miss Muliel Johnson, aged 18, daugh ter of Andrew Johnson, a wealthy San Diego county rancher was brought to tho witness mom todnv, It was ex pected that she would testify oti mat ters pertaining to the jury Investiga tion. The grand jury, which has heard tes tiniony regarding whitn slavery, charg of graft in the pollen department hero anil other matters, was expected to niuke its report late tmlny. Fighting Ertradltlon. lom-ntD r-uis liisid wisi Chicngo, May 15. The fight of E. C. Von Klein to prevent his extradition to Portland, Ore., on charges of vie timi.ing Ethel Neweomb was scheduled to come up this afternoon before Judg Kertn, aftor sovenil delavs. Miss Neweomb alleges that Von Klein, un der promise of marriage, obtained poa sinalon of her jewelry and fled. Montanan's Big Heart Bleeds in Sympathy With Poor Downtrodden Trust EUT HAS NONE FOR LABOR Thinks Employers Have a Right to Conspire to Keep Wages Down If ' They Want to Do So. okitid rsass uusm wiss.l Washington, May 15 8tinging criti cism of Secretary of Commerce Bed field's address to employing litho graphers here last night was voiced in the house today by Representative Mondell, of Wyoming. Redfleld's speech was characterized by Mondell as "threatening American manufactur ers with an investigation if wages are reduced as a result of tariff revision. "No statute contemplates that the department of commerce shall at tempt to coerce men to continue in business at a financial loss," said Mondell. "Has the secretary a fund to compensate manufacturers should the Underwood bill cause a serious fi nancial lossf It Is particularly ungra cious, to use no stronger term, that men of high stations and of high responsi bility should cold-bloodedly warn in dustries that they shall have their business investigated and learn wheth er tholr machinery is up-to-date, amsjf Whother their methods, In the high and mighty opinion of the secretary of commerce, are modern." Underwood Replies. House Leader Underowod followed Mondoll. He sorvod notice also that government investigation of big busi ness lowering wages, with the tariff measure as an excuse, would be passed, but added that if any injury was done to legitimate business throujin the Underwood bill, the mistaks would bo rectified. - . "During fhe tariff hearings," said Underwood, "you will find volumes of statements of manufacturers, under oath, declaring that if the Democmtlo house dared to reduce the tariff, they would take the reduction out of the la bor in their mills and factorios, not out of their profits. "Many of those manufacturers have made enormous profits ,and now they would continue them at the expense of labor. Wo aro not threatening Industry or labor. But now that the machinery has started to Investigate actual facts, tho Republicans throw up their hands and run to cover,, because of the fear of a real investigation. l,f tho law Is drawn so drastic that It may affect In dustrial Intorosts we want to know. We make mistakes, but wo are not afraid to recognize and correct them." WANTS IMMIGRATION FROM NORTH COUNTRIES tjxrrro fbsbs tsisao wins 1 Aberdeen, Wash,, May 15. The Panama canal, which promises to be the greatest blessing to the Pacifio coast, nmy become the biggest curse In this section, according to L. H. Hrower, president of tho Southwest Washington' Dovolopmout Association today. Brewer says precautions ahould be taken to ward off the Immigration that will como from Southern Europe a population that will be a menace to this country, Ho hoes to ee tho coast set tled up rntlier with tho peoplo of Northern Europe. ROMANCE IS ENDED AND JUDGMENT IS 70O Dick Arnlamiu, who brought suit against Kev, A. M. Brown, of Inde pendence to collect $1000 alleged t have been duo him, was given a judg ment by tho Polk county court yostor day in the sum of $700. Attornoysl Carey F. Martin and Ivau G. Martin represented the plaintiff. It was shown during the trial that the defendant borrowed $1000 from the plaintiff after lie, the plaintiff, had married Rev. Brown's daughter. Evi dence shows that the young woman left Arsltimaiii shortly after the two were married, and refused to live with him longer. To Resume Inquest. Brockton, Mass. May 15. With Judge Pratt presiding, the inquest into the ileutli of Admiral Joseph O. Eaton will be resumed tomorrow at Ablnglon. Mrs. Eaton was arrested March 20 Inst muil charged with murdering her hus band by administering poison, She is still held in the jail at Plymouth.