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DAILY CAPITAL JOTTENAL. SALEM. OEEOON, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1913.
if WHWWWB MiMWUIVIPHIKIM 9 WW fi P WpiRft DUU IK lip MJ p "Wr ! li-f IB MU NPHf IfH P H mm WH W aj HI P f IMIW W W l f "'J' mm mmmmtmtM --i luti ti ton md niiaiilw limwii liiniftrf stam fail w jixmmmjijiim miiuJ mja an m m im mikm sain I iit 'iiM ir 1"1 Jain ir-im MH rti nail isiw mi m r vmn im nn lilwiiiiwiiiitiiMii""" aaati tul JM MMt ah Mm1 MM SS iHuH Wa saill mat l"llMll''WU4MlliiJ PAGfl rovn ia (1 tl II II tl tl N II ri tl ti M El tl M I II II 11 II II II isastrous to the Cause of ibitioo Has Been Temperance --- Bishop hode Island Proli True D Clark, Throws Wide:0pen the Floodgates of Vice EEV. HOWAED CB08BY. "Prohibition throws wide open the flood gatos of vice. An inoperative law is no law at all. There is the unlicensed vice which feels its temporary freedom, and in prepared to make the most of it. Is prohibition inoperative t The statistics show that it is. There is no prohibition in Maine. Thero never was in any state ' which adopted it The main effects of prohibition, where tried, are poor liquor, large price for it, an increase of the in mates of lunatic asylums, poverty for the farmer and a Bystom of semi-thievery, and deliberate falsehood on the part of the inhabitants and transients which unfits them for prayer and church-going. " Total Abstinence Not Es sential to Morality CARDINAL GIBBONS. "I have never been able to convince myself that what we call total absti nence is esseutial to morality. The moderate and occasional use of alco holic liquors is not to be condemned. In countries, like France and .Italy, where the people as a rule, drink wine, no seri ous harm results from the practice. Kven in Rome even at the Vatican wine is not prohibited, and, as wo know, -the 111 doctors themselves prescribe it for ilis Holiness. . "Then, again, I long since came to understand that, putting aside the point of principle, it was virtually impossible to enforce a totnl abstinence law in a large community or in a state. Look at Maine, as an instance, and you wi.l see how true this Is. The attempt to en force such a law must consequently load t one of the worst things illegtility or hypocrisy) possibly to both." Theory , eeV. of Prohibition SANFORD H. COBB lu Princeton Roview. The only justifying ground for a pro hibitory law, if found at all, must be found In the principles, not of morality, but of political oconomy, or, to use a wiiler phrase, in the requirements of public, policy, The scope of public pol icy is wide, It considers what ia neces sary or desirablo for the community at largo; what best subserves the intcronta of the stnto; what will provide for its revenues, dovolop its resources, and pro tect it from various dangers, More ia the grauml of power to tax for support of the statu ami for public .improve ments; to establish common schools; to levy duties on imports; to declare quar antine; to kill diseased cattle; to regu late the sale of dangerous articles, such lis gun powder anil poisons. Indeed, pub lie policy, the right of the stato, may, may go so fur in Its demands M to "take the body" of the citizen, enlist ing him for war, or even drafting him by force, if he himself ia unwilling to fight his country's battle, Now, It U solely in the exercise of the right which am h power implies, and for reasons of external public pnlioy, tltat the stato has in the past inter 'fnrud, or can bo asked to Interfere, with the liquor traffic, in all degrees of such interference, from' the lowest form of license to the most ironclad prohibi tion. When the general sense of society Is agreed that the greatest good of the greatest number require a prohibitory law, that Ipiw will bo enact ed and enforced as nuturally and promptly as are the laws against steal ing ikiid smuggling, I'ntil the law Is desired and sustained by such general or controlling sentiment, it will lui n positive moral damage, the constant cause of lies and evasions, and degt-ad-. lug In the ontimuitlon of men to the very conception of the law, which should ever bo held as among things most sa cred, Prohibition, dropping Its only valid argument of social expediency, assumes the dignity of a moral precept, ami de clares thnt the state ought to prohibit the manufacture and sule of lienor en strictly moral groundsi that sucn mak ing ami selling ia sinful; that the li cense system is wicked in that It draws revenue from sin, This idea of moml urgency is spoken of Implied in every resort to synods and conferences on the part of prohibition, and to the false iwiiiciplea Involve,! In it ninny a relig ious body gives consent, either unwit tingly or unwillingly, for the fear of lieing misunderstood or misrepresented. " " A moral precept la an instru ment for the education and strengthen ing of the moral man, and as such It may, without hesitation, be affirmed that prohibition haa no standing In the court of Christian morality, Preached as a moral dogma, binding on the con science, It la rcprchonsibU as the aiu which it proHMoa to abolish. This ought to be self evident to every mind; and yel beran the mind la oppressed by the enormous evils of lutmiiHrni'ce, and at the same time drawn by the good which prohibition promises, the vital illstini tion here noted Is apt to be lost. Disregard and Distortion EEV. 8 AMU EL E. WILBON. ''Its" (the Prohibition party) "fa natical disregard and distortion of facta la shown In the constant amort ion that the liquor trade I the cause ot almost nil the crimes tliet are committed, and of all the worst crimes, and if this trade could be prohibited by law, the jails nml penitentiaries and alms house would no longer be needed; vice or crime would cense to pollute the land, and the day of pvoe, love ami plenty forever gild the Joyous earth, Could mi v fsnov be more wild J" t'0g wv -vvwi ft P f r Law Without Have Accomplished Very Little "I cannot see the benefits to be derived from compulsory abstinence. Rabid temperance workers have accomplished very little toward destroying the drink, evil." Bishop Grafton, Wisconsin. The crank does not seem to understand that a man may oppose Prohibition without hav ing a deep-steated affection for rum. New Orleans Picayune. . Dr. Cam, in Chicago "This is the voice of bigotry crying aloud for the permanence of the fatuous system that haa disgraced Iowa in the eye of all civilized communities, and made the name of intemperance a by word and a acandal. It has made des ert of some fair cities, spread the habit of intemperate drinking, bred a race of spies and perjurers, and debauched the morals of the state." Prohibition Law Operated Detrimentally to Arkansas College "I favor the repeal of the (local option) law for three reasons: First, it is undemocratic and unfair; second, when in any locality such a law is enacted, the temperance people, sup posing the battle to be won for all time, stack their arms and turn their attention to other matters while the whiskey people grow more and more active, and third, the law has oper ated detrimentally to the interest of Arkansas College. ' "John I. Cleland, President of Arkansas College." PRESS PR The remarks, extracts and excerpts printed upon this page are the utterances of men of national reputation as pulpit eers and of different denominations and of papers and magazines whose editorial policies stand for temperance. The au thenticity of each quotation has been fully established. Under the laws of the state an offense would be committed if there was a fabrication. KANSAS Wichita. Kansas, Mirror. "The fact ia worth bearing in mind that there has not been u temperance revival in this state alnco the organisa tion of the Prohibition party, In other words, the Prohibitionists have succeed ed only in prohibiting the very thing they claim to ho most anxious to pro mote," Kinsley, Kansas, Mercury. "The prohibition-law of Kansas must be repealed. While it stands on our statutes It must be rmpectoil. The Mer cury believes it a bad law and ought to be repealed." Sterling, Kansas, Champion. "Tho bootleggers will work for their own Interests and vote with the Prohi bitionists, because they are making more money now than they would under more stringent laws," The Worst Rum Holes REV. TRINFOBD NIGHTINGALE. "The worst rum hole are men's mouths. So long as thoeo holes sr. open to receive It, mm will find Its way Into them. Can those hole be closed to rum by prohibition f No, It ran be done only by convincing and persuading their owners to do It of their own free will, That was the method of Father Mathew, the method by which he won the grandest success which the temperance enuso has yet gnluiil, " From Cardinal Gibbons' Famous Chicago Address "The establishment of prohibition in Chicago, or other large cities, would be impracticable, and would put a premium on the sale of intoxicating drinks. "When a law is flagrantly violated it brings legislation into contempt It creates a spirit of decep tion and hypocrisy and compels men to do insidiously and by stealth what they would otherwise do openly and above board. You cannot legislate men by civil action into the performance of good and righteous deeds" 1 ' ,1 Published xnvrmm tf, m tany m rTr rr Obedience is a Impossible to Regulate Trade "Prohibition drives under ground the mis chief it seeks to ' cure, making it more difficult to deal with the evil and impossible to regu late the trade, as for instance, in the quantity of liquor sold." Bishop Hall, Vermont. Dr. Rainsford, New York "To drink is no sin. Jesus Christ drank. To keep a saloon is no sin. And any policy that claims the name of Christ or does not claim His Name, that deals with the well-nigh universal taste of man for alcohol on the basis of law and order alone, cannot commend itself to the best Intelligence and is doomed to fail." AND PULPIT DENOUNCE 0 HIE IT I ON I1 N the campaign now at the close the Salem Welfare League has presented many phases ot the situation at it has developed 1 through trial in other states and cities, and whether viewed from an etihical or a com mercial viewpoint,, no fair, minded man can gainsay the statements that both morals and business are disadvantageously and disastrous ly affected by the attempts of prohibition, wherever tried. There is no prohibition in any sense, in any city or state where it has been voted. The laws creating it are inoperative, from Maine to Oregon. The main effects of prohibition where tried are, poor liquor, large prices for it, an increase of the inmates of lu natic asylums and a system of semi-thievery and deliberate falsehood on the part of inhabitants and transients that unfits them for good citi zenship to a greater extent than any kind of saloon evil. Books and libraries might be burdened by the verbose expressions of unheard of writers and orators treating on the subject. To the point and pertinent, however, are the authen ticated statements, addresses and editorial ex pressions presented on this page today from men of national renown as priests, preachers and editors and those) who mean to be fair, not only to themselves, but to their neighbors, will read and digest the honest and dignified senti ments of these great loaders. Doing this cer tainly should bring a conviction to the elector that a negative vote on next Tuesday will be a righteous one, both from a moral and business standpoint. by the Salem Welfare League. J. D. Turner, Secretary . The Popular Science Monthly Says: "Our temperance reformers have ample score for a wise and beneficial activity without seeking to control the schools and without perverting opinion by the dissemination of unfounded statements under the guise of science." i ! y,w mm mm m i rr mmj uw m Dead Letter Rev. Phillip Brooks Rev. Woodson, of Miss. "There is not a dry county in this Btate today where liquor is not freely dispensed through blind tigers, and we know of several counties where a con viction for Illicit retailing is an Impos: sibility, for the people favor it, and still the prohibition farce is persisted in. Such a condition is not only farcical, but harmful, as it encourages a disre gard for tho law that is sure to bear bitter fruit." MAINE The Portland Herald (prohib.). "(.'rime is alarmingly prevalent. Mur ders have continually increased year by year. Our jails and prisons are unpleas antly full. Robberies and burglaries are occurring in all directions. Crime of all kinds is increasing. One hundred and thirty-four liquor sellers in Port land! One hundred and twenty-seven in Hnngor! Anil fifty-five in LowistonlM Is it any wonder that crime is increas ing! Are our citizens lesa law-abiding than western people) Is public senti ment at a lower ebb in the good old state of Maine than it is in a western state, where people from all countries have congregated f Wouldn't it be well for the Maine legislature to appoint an investigating committee to ascertain why it is that the prohibitory laws can not be enforced in Mainot" Has Failed to Cope EEV. P. 3. DON0H0E. Catholic Bishop, Wheeling, W. Vs. "While I recognize the evils of the liquor traffic, I am nevertheless driven to the conviction that prohibition will be a failure in the attempt to cope with such evils. In many states it ia already a failure, the net results of such legis lation being to multiply illicit bars, and at the same time to deprive the com monwealth of the revenue seeming from license, ' ' -m mm mm tfm mm iwmt wmwmtwtwmvi um"mimtimmwimimmww When Mintster Forsakes His Legitimate Weapons EEV. DE. FBIERSON. To the question, "Have ministers of the Gospel and their churches any right to advocate prohibition f" the Kev. D. F. Frierson says, in the Christian Ob server: "When he (the minister) preaches prohibition, he forsakes his legitimate weapons and ruins his own cause. He destroys that perfectly f.-ee option to which he must make his ap-. peal. He puts himself and his ministry in the absurd position of appealing to the moral nature at the moment that he is advocating compulsion. Why should he iwsuade at all if he can get a law to compel?" Coercive Legislation Swells the Tide of Inebriety EEV. DE. EEID IV LANCET. 'Teetotalors make more drunkards to redeem. Wherever they succeed in securing coercive legislation against al cohol, they swell the tide of inebriety. Among the southern nations of the world, where alcohol is found as one of the every-duy beverages of the people, excessive drinking and consequent drunkenness are reduced to a minimum. London, Chicago and New York' which are without prohibition, have respec tively, only 7, 13 and 23 drunkards per 1000, while Portland, Me., the classic prohibitiou state, has 42." Talks From Temperance Press The Christian Union. ' "It has been once tried in Massachu setts, and ignominiously failed. It is, according to all accounts, a failure in Rhode island. In Ohio, a similar pro vision in the constitution, prohibiting license, gave over the Btate for years to free liquor, and made Cincinnati a by word and a reproach. Is it wise for temperance men, who desire to abolish the saloon altogether if they can and to restrict it where abolition is impossible, to incorporate in the constitution of the state so doubtful an experiment f We can give but one answer to that ques tion an answor in the negative," Orthodox Journal (Religious.). "Prohibition is a grievous mistake in moral philosophy, an act of dosKtisin in civil government, and an open declar ation of infidelity in the truth and wis dom of the Bible. Viewed in its true character, it is no wonder that none bin the uncivilized and heathen nations of earth have ever enforced it." Total AbBtlnence News (Temperance.) "We can pass prohibition laws if the majority of voters decide in their favor, but we cannot enforce thorn against the sentiment of the peoplo who will regard them as unjust and tyrannical. That is the history of all sumptuary laws, and prohibition is no exception, "Pass prohibition and the total ab stinence cause will be damaged. In stead of having the liquor tmffie. regu lated by the excellent license law wo have now a law which is snpKrtod by public sentiment wo will have free li quor sold in Innumerable places without license " Christian Register (Rellgioue.). "Wo concedo that tho use of alcohol ic beverages worka evil. We also favor with him total abstinence as a safe guard of teniorai)ce. We likewise hold that society may righteously forbid any custom which proves to be a social evil. Nevertheless, firmly as we insist on these facts and principles, they do not amount to a final or sufficient argu ment for prohibition. "KxNrience has shown that lawa do not execute themselves. In the battle with intemerance It la not worth while to establish aper blockades." Portland, Maine, Argus. "Here is s fact: Tho prohibitory li quor law so far as its enforcement or non-enforcement is concerned is a tool In the hands of politicians, used to com pel liquor .IcaJera to vote with the par ty in power on penalty of confiscation of property and imprisonment of per son." ' And the Frnits Were Bitter EEV. LEONARD WHITTINOTON. "I bear my soemn testimony, and say that though I have soon frequent attempts, I never knew anv good to come from auch legislation! 1 have seen men exasperated by it, but never reformed. 8o it has ever beeu, and so it will ever be, until Nature itself Is changed. I was In Connecticut when attempts were made to enforce auch a law. 1 saw hypwriay, power, passion, haughtiness, indignation, force, resit ance to commands, tlirts, cursing; but I saw no promotion of meeknesa among Uinstiana or repentance among sinners The contest was long and the fniits were bitter." Vmid AIv.) II tl II n u n ia ti ii ti ti ti ti ti ti ti I! 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