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DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAL, SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1913. Railroads Should Get Only What They Deserve-Nothing More and Nothing Less BY WLLIAM B. HE ASST. Tlx railroads are before the Inter state Commerce commission asking for permission to raise dates on the plea that they need the money. The only question which the Inter- state commerce commission ought to consider is not whether the railroads need the money, but whether they de- serve the money. The railroads of this country have had ! the most splendid inheritance of wealth and opportunity that any institution invite further insolence, comiwnsate cor haa ever had in the history of the world, ruption and commend mismanagement, If they have squandered their wealth monopoly and manslaughter! and abused their opportunities it is Certainly not. Let the railroads ask not the duty or the obligation of the , only for what they deserve and if they United States to compensate them for desire more consideration from the pub their loss or reward them for their mis- He, let them show more consideration deeds. The railroads are tho great public ser- vice corporations of the country. Thoy erce the citizens, but to co-operate with should render such public sorvice as them. would secure for them the grateful ap- Let the railroads not treat the coun preciation of the people. Yet there are try as if it were a eonquored province perhaps no institutions In the country and the citizens a subject peoplo. which are so generally and so justly Let them not, like tho New York and bated. New ITaven plunder and pillage a The railroads have proceeded upon the e'tion as if they were the ravaging maxims of two great mastors of rail. 'columns of an invading army and the road interests , the older Vandorbiltppop'o'" property their spoil of war. whoso motto was: "The public be damned," and Collis P. Huntinirton. whose slogan wan: "All the traffic through which thoy extend, will bear. " Let them endeavor to add to its resour- The railroads proceeding upon these to encourage its production, to in principles have not only oppressed tho'"oa"e its wealth, and so themselves to public, but outraged the public until Vof't in proportion to tho prosperity of thoy have aroused a bitter rosentmont the whole community, npon the part of the public to right the' Lot thom not form "'"P11 monopolies wrong of railroad behavior. jat oxcessivo expense for the ovil pur- There is no disposition on tho part l'e o oppressing the public, but lot of the public to persecute the railroads !t''em create legitimato combinations for but there is a determination no longer purposes of grenter economy and great to give the railroads more than they P,ll,,i! ""vico. justly deserve, no longer to allow them Let the railroads, in a word, do their to steal from the public preserves or: full duty to tho public and thoy will pilfer from the people 's purses. tjecoivo full recognition and reward Thore Ss a determination no longer to from tho public, allow them, to overcapitalize in rock- Hut when the railroads come, unro lens speculation and then coinpol tho generate and unrepentant, before tho country to pay the interest on their, lntorstnte Cmnnierco commission, with ovorcapitnlization. the unconvincing pica that they need Tho people have definitely derided more money with which to continue to no longor to allow tho railroads to make their profligate course, they have no the public pay both tho price of a mon- ease, either before tho public, or before opoly and the penalty of a monoply. any honest court. Tho railroads have squandered their It the railroads have not nil tho nion substanco in reckless speculation and ey they need, they nro no exception to overcapitalization, in tho election of tho average individual and institution complaisant public officials and tho corruption of legislatures, in the cre ation of illegal and oppressive monop olies. It is not tho part of tho peoplo to mffor under the burden of these out- rageous conditions and at tho Bnmo timo j to pny tho expenses incidental to their formation and maintenance. Thnro nro no more fatted calves to lie killed for the prodigal railroads. Void Is too expensive, the cost of liv ing is too high, the times nro too hard; the fault for their lack of prosperity Is too obviously attributed to the persist ent wrong doing of tho railroads them nelves. Tho Now York Central wilfully and wantonly, continually and calculatingly, defies public sentiment, outrages the public's rights and violates the peo ple,' laws. Slmll it be rewarded for it insolence and compensated for its illegal ucts? The New York Central Is habitually hailed Into court to answer for its in tentional violation of the statutes against retailing and its illegal distinc tions and discriminations between fav ored shippers, Shall it be endowed with an increase of income, so that It may pny it fines ami show a profit in its illegal Hums aetions so that it may continue to op- press tho pnbl'c, encouraged by ' this HHntfiiii'oiiM expression of public appro - Vail Hhnll the New York mid New Haven which commits tnniisliiughtor ns nn What is Crisco? Crisco is the best, the cictim of vegetable oil. Crisco is ( vegetable. It remains of iileal consistency anil does not separate. Crisco keeps sweet and pure imli 'finitely because tin; parts id the oil which turn rancid have been eliminated. Criiico makes a richer cake than butter, because it is a richer fat, Crisco is 100 per cent pure fat butler contains approximately one lilill water, salt and curd. Crisco makes fried foods more digestible, because Crisco !n-' is perfectly digestible. Crisco is a real ,W fat. Animal lard, and fats to which stearine has been added require a longer time to digest, taxing the digestive machinery. Try Crisco today. Grocers sell Crisco in ever increasing quantities. It costs less than half as much as butter. New Cook Book Free V mm 1! : i inaiuiuctiirr. It i free. 1 lirre in lo n quality t-ilitlnn of thii book roiit.iiniuir a total of 61 S Neil Kcci-i-i and a Calendar of Dinners if. S iiii-uiii uf iitiinal and tailv nie.tN. Thii book ii humid in bit and gold cloth ami ititmii. In writing (or mhrr, d drrsi The Procter tc Oniiiule Co., , in rsrit of 112 Market incident to monopoly and ' robbery as 'an adjunct to railroading, also be com mended and rewarded for its civil and criminal infractions of the low? Shall it be supplied with more money with which to bribe more Democratic legislatures! Shall it be ottered add itional funds to complete its monopoly and additional incentive to misuse its monopoly? Must the public forever pay for the privilege of being plunder- edf Must the public approve arogance for the public. Lot the railroads not attempt to co- Jot tnom ratnor strive earnestly anu intelligently to develop the country in theso times. Adversity is moro or less general. The administration which the railroads worked so hard to elect is partly re sponsible for the aggravation of the depressed financial conditions. No one, nowadays, has all tho money h0 needs. Few hnvo even what they leserve. Therefore, the rnilrbnds should ask only for what they deserve, nothing more; and, of course, on the other hnnd. nothing less. I m Year's Influx of Settlors to Canadian Hinterland Shoves the Frontier to the Arctic Circle fUNITKll I'HKMS I.BAKK1) WHIR. 1 Chicago, Iec, III. Where is the ulti mate frontier of agriculture on the North American continent I Controver sy among agricultural editors on this subject has disclosed some astonishing facts for winter weather. The farthest ninth of farms ten years ngn now are so remote from the out post farms of today that it upsets all the . theories of climate which one gets from (merely looking at the map. due writer mvs, "There is sporadic agriculture, largely trucking and stock raising, along Thin new honk by M.irinii ll.itri Neil, Cookery l'ditor, ljdira' Home Jiiuiii.il, gim J0 uriiual teoipci, in attractively illustrated, and n il tunny interesting ami v.iluaMe tacts nl'init ccmkiinf and bind products, it also ttlli t lie interesting ttory of Ciixo's iImommv and i tent for A : 2-frH ii i r j , Kcltcy-Clarke Co., I Street, San Knincici. Matchless helps to women's comfort, physical well-being, and beauty sure to pro mote healthy, natural action of the organs of digestion and elimination the tonic, safe and ever reliable BEECHAM'S PILLS Thm Lanwt Salt of Any Mtdicint in tht World Sold rywhw. In box 10c 2 Sc. the Alaska coast and even in Youkon. People went this year in numbers so far north in western Candaa, whore the Japan currents' warm breath makes it self felt, that a route of through travel was opened from Chicago to Fort Mc Pherson, which is on the Mackenzie river, two hundred miles the other, side of the Arctic circle. It is not to bo supposed that the 'armor's frontier ever will crowd very close to Fort McPherson, but the mere fact that folks enough wanted to go so far north as tho Mackenzie river is significant." It is not only a picturesque, but a significant fact that the steamers of tho Hudson Bay company this year for the first timo were put to uue by the moro adventurous Inndscokers, in crowd ing the frontier of yestorday still fur ther north. The completion of a rail road lino to Athabasca Landing on the Athabasca river, (names that sound like stories of tho fur trade, don't they?) by tho Canadian Northern Railway brought about a new invasion of the mysterious region to tho north. Down tho Athabasca by steamer and through tho rapids of ninety odd miles by open York boat, portablo to the great Mac kenzie river, within river Bteamor trav el to tho "land of the midnight sun," which is too remote for tho homeseekcr and tho land hungry Who aro prowling northward in numbors to the Peace River valley. Fort McPherson is far within the "barren lands" whero fur traders and explorers hve found so littlo life, either vegetnblo or animal, that parties of them have moro than once faced starva tion, and some have succumbed. But Fort lie-Murray is far north of the Peace river region into which this year tho lvnrdy settlers aro pouring and to which a railroad is building in expecta tion or crops that aro well worth the investment. It is 252 miles north of Athabasca Landing to which tho Can adian Northern has built. Thero has been nil agricultural community round about Fort Vermillion far north of Ed monton for years,, ono which produces wheat in hundreds of thousands of bush els each season and year more than the one preceding. The valleys or the Peace into which the new settlement is going are in the main south of Fort Vermillion and consequently it is safe to surmise that thero will be permanent settle ment dependent npon crops rather than trapping, well north even of Fort Ver million, The dominion government has found a class of farmers to whom moro latti tude and proximity to the fur trade has no terrors, for thirty thousand home steads were thrown open in tho Atha basca Landing district this year, indi cating a degree of confidence in re sults which certainly is perplt'xing to the umu in the states who has thought that no agriculture really could thrive north of the corn belt. The railroad, it is said, has created a big immigra tion hull for the accomodation of the home seekers and the railroad which did it has the record of having made every mile pay its way from the day it was opened. HEAVILY ARMED MEN LEAVE TO BATTLE OVER CLAIMS tiiNiTKO luinsr inASirn wtiin.l San lleinanlino, Cal., l'ec. 111. Two automobile trucks, carrying 20 men, heavily armed, left Bernardino yesterday for Seniles Lake, where a battle Is expected for possession of rich potash claims. The men, who are known as desert gnu fighters, were employed by eastern Interests, which are contesting the claims of the American Trona company, a British syndicate, to potash deposits it has controlled for five years. Dozens of armed men, under order of either side, nro reported flocking to the Senrles Lake section, which is In the heart of tho Mojave desert. FORMER CHICAGO BANKER 13 ACCUSED OF FRAUD text run rasss ijasn wiasl Chicago, Dec, 111.--William Mover, fornier vice president of the LnSnlle National Punk of Chicago, and fornier vice president of the National Shoe nnd Leather Hank of New York, was arrest ed yesterday nfternoen, following his indictment In Kansas City on a charge of conspiracy to defraud. Ho gave bond. It was alleged In the Indictment that Mover promoted the American Vnlen Trust company, of Kansas City, as a million dollar preposition, when its ac tual capital wa only a few thousand dollars. CAN YOU BEAT IT7 l'tlend I understood you'd joined the Audubon society, and yet your new hat la trimmed, with feathers. Wearer of Hat Ye; but you see the bird they came front was killed before 1 joined. Boston Transcript. Just Loaf In Shade of Sheltering Palm And Wife Will Do Work is Al luring Advance Notice. BEAUTIFUL EASTER ISLAND NEAELT DEPLETED OF MEN Leading Women Have Banded Together And Sent Forth Bequest That World Come to Rescue. UNITED PUSS 1MSID WIB1.1 WANTED Young men between the ages of 21 and 33 years as husbands for a beautiful assortment of dusky South Sea belles who, with vast rich es in thoir possessions, are pining for the care and affection of one who will travel to the land of plenty and there after live forever in peace and en joyment. San Francisco, Dec. 31. There is room in the South Seas for a number of the strong aud sturdy young men who are now roaming about tho streets of San Fraucisco in search of employment. When the schooner Annie M. Camp bell arrived from Tahiti yesterday it was learned that unless a host of young men forsake the lands of ultra civili zation and roam to the South Seas a wilderness will reign south of the Trop ic of Cancer. Nearly Depleted of Men. Beautiful Faster island and kindred groups are nearly depleted of mon, and in order to socuro a supply of husbands the dusky belles of that region are of fering spocial inducements for the sturdy manhood of tho United States to take tho jaunt to tho South Pacific. Before tho Campbell sailed from Papeete an envoy arrived from Easter island who begged the crew of the ves sel to eomo with him to Easter island and tho surrounding groups and be come tho husbands of tho wealthy but lonely belles. Six thousand head of cattle and 20,- 000 sheep grazo about tho hills of the slnnds. The leading women of tho island groupes hnvo Minded together nnd sent forth a request that the nations of the worm come to tho rescue and send them husliuuds. Quiet Ease for Husbands. All the husliuuds will have to do is to sit around in quiet ease and the dus ky wives will milk the cows, shear tho wool from the backs of the sheep, gather the copra and collect the honey left by the bees. Every member of tho Campbell ' crew resired to accept tho onesided proposition, but Captain lloiulgesou, realizing that the loss of his crew would prove disastrous, weighed his anchor and sailed immediately after the arrival of the messenger front the island. Easter island is the pkice in which the erew of the wrecked schooner El Dorado sought refuge several months ago and most of them, according to a previous report, are now safely lauded as the husbands of the pretty girls. II T Recommondod to Organizer of Amorican Socioty for Thrift bb Community's Great Stimulator of Thriving. IONITSD TSSBS tiID WtKI. Memphis, Tenn,, Dec! 111. School aniens nro the best stimulant for in dividual thrift, both of pupils and par ents that any community can adopt, ac cording to a report to Simon V, Straus of t hieago, chairinaii of tho organiza tion committee of the American Society for Thrift. In addition to many thous and dollars added to the revenue of families in Memphis and other cities by boys front their "school gardens," the value of the small garden in siqi plying vegetables for family meals has been demonstrated to thousands of city parents. When I.. E. Wolfe, then superintend out of the Memphis schools, last winter ma le a report on this subject, he said: "tirown up town, to which our boys and girls are so rapidly hasting, is no place for Idlers, In II rown up town tliCM buys tiinl girls will bo expected to piny their ut successfully, bravely, honestly. The taxpayers and parents are making unprecedented sacrifices for these boys nnd girls, In order that they may render the best possible service to societv nnd to themselves. Those young Get acquainted, Sold In air-tight packsge only HsUf-J' people are acquiring knowledge in order that their service may be the more skillful and intelligent "Along with this book knowledge, these young people should learn to work skillfully with their hands and acquire habits of industry, self-reliance and economy. In cities and towns, there is very little opportunity to work with tho hands undor intelligent direc tion. In ordor to give this opportunity and to encourage habits of industry, the board of education has put sewing and gardening in the fifth, sixth and eighth grades of both the white and colored schools. For nearly six months the teachers, principals, the supervis ors of gardening and sewing, and the superintendents, in co-operation with the board of education, have worked early and late to make school and home gardening and school and home sewing a success. I be hour and a naif given each week to instruction in these Bub jects is designed to stimulate and pre pare the boys to have good home gar dens, and the girls to assist in sewing in the home. The board of education is furnishing the garden tools and the seeds for the garden work at the schools and the material for the sewing at the schools. The sewing book for which I the girls will pay 50 cents, if used by tho girls and their mothers in the home ought to prove invaluaglc. "It is estimated that the two thous ond boyB of grades five to eight should annually average at least ten dollars' worth of vegetables from their home gardens; and that the more than two thousand girls of those grades, be cause of this instruction and stimula tion in sewing, should increase the value of their sewing in tho home an average of at least $10,000 a year. This would bring to our Memphis homes $40,000 annually, and moro than a hundred thousand dollars' worth in habits of in dustry and self-reliance." SAYS GREAT BRITAIN HAS NOT ENTERED ANY PROTEST rrjNITKD PRESS LMAHKD WtRS.l Washington, Dec- 30. Published re ports that Great Britain had protested against the fortification of the Panama canal wore denied yesterday afternoon by Assistant Secretary of Stato Moore. "England has made absolutely no protest or suggestion of a protest against the canal's fortification," he aid. THE JEALOUS THING. "That girl has pretty hair," remark ed tho young man. "Yes," said the damsel he was with, ami she has some at home that is even prettier, Louisville Louner- Journal. ARROW COLLAR Morris' Prices Fruit granulated sugar, sack $5.30 Good seasoning bacon 14c Best sugar cured hams lb l!)c Best sugar cured pick nick, 13'jC Best sugnr cured backs, lb 20c Best streaked hoavy bacon, lb 20c Dalles rntent (best flour) $1.30 Perfection $1.10 3 cans Aster milk 25c 4 pkg Arm & ITanintcr soda 25c 1 cal. extra choico peaches 35c. 1 gal. extra choico apples 30c 1 gnl. extra choico pears ...35c 2 pkgs fresh raisins 15c 1 pkg fresh currants 10c 3 cans fine tomatoes ...2."c 3 cans fine corn 25c 1 can extra fine pinenpple 15c 5 cans Clearbrook penches 50c 2 cam Clearbrook apricots 25c 2 cans Early Juno penrs 25c 4 cans Llbby's sauerkraut 25c . vans prepared hntniny 25c 8 . ns Atlantic clams (very best) 50c 3 fans Inrge, fat oysters 25c 3 cans pink salmon 23c 2 cnnB Columbia river red almon....25c 1 can nice nsparnguj 15c No. 5 keg pickles 00c 3 Hib dried peaches 25c 5 lbs. choico dried prunes 25c '4 gallon choico syrup 25c 1 gallon choice syrup 50c No. 10 pure lard 1 .40 No. 5 puro lard "5c No. 5 Snow Cap compound - (I"c Golden 11 oil wheat 25c Cal. cats 30c Cal. wheat 30c S tb box ninccnronl 30c 8 pkgs Tost Tost let 25c 4 pkirs KrliiMed Com Flakes 25c (I bars Royal White soap 25c (t bars Morris Best 25c 10 bars Klk Savon soap 25c Best Tillamook Cream cheese, lb ...,20c 1001b sack molasses slf. meal ....11.30 IWlb sack plain alf. meal $1.15 Sack limn 75c Pack shorts M.1S Post rolled oats, sack . -....85c Bring this ad with you. R. N. MORRIS, Corner Morris Arsnue and Fairground Road. Faon Vain 1467. w;p.fyijii.i;iji Htlln II 'For' 'results use .Pearly kOil HEARTLESS JOKER FOOLS HUNGRY MEN IN PORTLAND united pnuss leased wibi. Fortluud, Or., Dec. 31. Five hundred unemployed men marched to the First Presbyterian church yesterday in an ticipation of a fine, hot dinner, and, af ter waiting 45 minutos in' the rain, they found they were the victims of a cruel joke. A woman called the unem ployed league on tho telephone, and in vited the jobless men. They lost no time in going to the church, but found there was no food for them, nlthough an elaborate banquet was being served by tho Rotary club in tho edifice. SACRAMENTO AIDS POOR. ITNITUD r-BBSS UDAB1I) WISS.l Sacramento, Cal., Dec, 31. Sacra mento took the first direct steps yes torday toward aiding tho unemployed army, when 1000 meal tickets were dis tributed nnd a quantity of food and clothing given out. The city and coun ty authorities will be naked to hasten improvement work, to provido employ ment. In tho meantime ensh coutribu- 7 "My Mamma Says II, ,11 Sail Its jate W. 1 WM , V 'The Children's Chil dren" are now using Foley's Honey and Tar Compound and it is to day the same safe effec tive and curative med icine thattheirparents foundit. Forallcoughs, colds, croup, whooping cough, bronchitis, hoarsenes and tickling in throat, use it. It gives satisfactory results. House of Half Million Bargains Come and see the biggest wonder la tho history of Salem. You will find in our place the biggest accumulation of articles, from a hairpin to a threshing machine, over seen. Feather beds, bed springs, crockery, dishes, latest style new and second hand pictures, clothing for men and women, shoes, suit eases, show cases, vacuum cleaners, books, all kinds of new and second hand machinery, construction and all kinds of tools. Steam and water pumps, gnsollne engines. W buy and sell everv. thing from a needle to a piece of gold. We pay the highest cash pries for everything. The House of a Half Million Bargains. H. Steinbock Junk Co. 233 State Street. Salem, Oregon. Thon Main 224 1.V V J'Vy. ,SSs -1" 4 C&asS 'IMS There Is No Better Light For The Home than the soft mellow glow of a good oil lamp. Scientists indorse it; com mon sense recommends it. The ' Lamp gives the ideal light for sewing and reading. Scientifically constructed. No . glare. No flicker. Can be lighted without removing chimney or shade. Easy to care for. Ask Your Dealer To Show You Standard Oil Company (California) Portland ' tions and donations of food and cloth- ing will tide over the unemployed. SNAP 82-Acre Farm. One of the best dairy farms in the valley; 70 acres under cultivation; 12 acres timbor, fair house, good large barn, fine spring and well water, wind mill; on main road, close to electric sta tion, school, rural mail delivery; only 11 miles north of Salom. Price $10, 500; terms. Suburban Home Cheap. 5 acres, well improved, close in. Price $2000; terms, with stock and imple ments. Houses on easy payments. Lots on easy payments. 5 and 10-acre tracts on easy pay ments. We write insurance. Houses for Rent. Houses looked after for non-residents. BECHTEL & BYNON, 347 State Street. for Children! EYS WW MONEY TAR FOR CoilgllS a Colds CONTAINS NO OPIATES UK. tSTONK'S DKL'li bTOUK.