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EcSStorial Page oi The Salem Capital journal
WEDNESDAY JAN. 7, 1914 The Capital Journal PUBLISHED BY The Barnes -Taber Company GRAHAM P. TABER, Editor ana Manager. An Independent Newspaper Devoted to American Principles and the Progress and Development of Salem in Particular and All Oregon in General. ''kllihed Brer? Evening Except Bundny, Bslem, Oregon SUBSCRIPTION RATES: (Invariably In Advance) DeJIj, t7 Carrier, per year ...15.20 Per month.. 45c Dally, by Mall, per year 4.00 Per month.. 86c Veetlr, by Mall, per year .... 1.00 Bli months. BOc fCI.L LBA8BD WIRE) TBLROBAPH REPORT ADVERTISING BATES. Advertising rates will be furnished on application. 'New Today" Ads. strictly cash In advance. The Capital Journal carrier boys are Instructed to put the papers on the porch, If the carrier does not do this, misses you, or neglects getting the paper to yon on time, kindly phone the circulation manager, as this is the only way we can determine whether or not the carriers are following Instructions. Phone Main 82. GOVERNOR, LEGISLATURE AND JUDICIARY. OWING to the intense interest just now in the Copperfield affair, we re print a portion of the opinion ofJustice Cooley in the case of the state of Michigan against the governor, as printed in the 29 Michigan, 321. Justice Cooloy among other things said: "Our government is one whose powers have been carefully apportion ed between three distinct departments, which emanate alike from the people, have their powors alike limited and defined by the constitution, are of equal dignity and within their respective spheres of Actions equally indopendont. One makos the laws, another applies the laws in contested cases, while tho third must sco that the laws are executed. This division is accepted as a necessity -in all free governments, and the very apportionment of power to on depart ment is understood to be a prohibition of its exercise by either of the others. Tho executive is forbidden to exorcise judicial power by tho same implication which for bids the courts to tako upon themselves his duties. "It is true that neither of the departments can operate in all respects in dependently of tho others, and thiiit what are called tho checks and balances of government constitute each a restraint upon tho rost. The legislature pre scribes rules of action for the courts, and in nvnny particulars may increase or diminish their jurisdiction; it also, in many cases, may prescribe rules for exec utive action, and. impose duties upon, ortako powers from the governor while in turn the governor may veto legislative acts, and the courts may declare them void where they conflict with the constitution, notwithstanding, after having been passed by the legislature, they have received the governor's approval. But in each of these cases tho action of of the department which controls, modifios, or in any manner influences that of another, is had strictly within its own sphere and for that reason gives no occasion for conflict, controversy or jealousy. Tho legislature in prescribing rules for tho courts, is acting with in its proper province in malting laws, while tho courts, in declining to en force an unconstitutional law, nro in liko manner acting within their projier province, because they are only applying that which is law to the contro versies in which they are called upon to give judgement. It is mninly by means of theso checks and balances that the officers of the several depart ments are kept within their jurisdiction, and if they nro disregarded in any case, ami power is usurped or abused, the remedy is by impeachment and not by another department of tho government attempting to correct the wrong by asserting, a superior authority over that which by tho constitution is its equal. "It line long been a maxim In this country that tho legislature cannot dictate to the courts what their judgements shall be, or set. aside or alter such judgements after they have been rendered. If it could, constitutional liberty would cease to exist; and if the legislature could in like manner over ride oxecutivo action also, tho government would become only a despotism under popular forms. On the other hand it would lie readily eoueodod that no court can compel tho legislature to make or refrain from making laws, or to meet or adjourn at its command, or to take any action whatsoever, though the duty to take it be made over so clear by tho constitution or tho laws. In those cases tho exemption of the one department from the control of tho other is not only implied In the framework of government, but is indispens ably necessary if any useful apportionment of power is to exist. "The appointment of power, authority and duty to the governor, is either made by the people in the constitution, or by the legislature in making laws under it; and tho courts, when the apportionment bus been made, would be presumptions if they should assume to declare that a particular duty assigned to tho governor is not. essentially executive, but is of such inferior grade and importance as pro)orly to pertain to some inferior office, and consequently, for the purposes of their jurisdiction, tthe courts may treat it precisely as if an Inferior officer had been required t0 perform it. To do this would bo not only to question the wisdom of tho constitution or the laws, but also to assert a right to make the governor the passive instrument of the judiciary in exe fitting its mandate within the spore of his own duties. Wore tho courts to go so far, they would break away from those checks and balances of govern ment which were meant to bo checks of co-operation, and not of antagonism or mastery, and would concentrate in tl(,ir own hands something at least of tho power which tho people, either dinvtly or by tho action of their rep resentatives, divided to entrust to the other departments of tho govern, monk" The printing of stories as to the rollulr(allo markmanship of Col. Law son and the militia boys with him, give, a touch of comic, opera to tho Copper field war. The offer made to Sheriff Band by;OVemor West Tuesday does not seem a very hard one to comply with, and it should be accepted by him. If the dove of peace can be made to again flutter her white wings over our groat slAto simply by the appointment of Mr. 8nodgrass to the position of deputy sheriff without pay, then sheriff Rand should by all means nwtke tho appoint ment, aud let her flutter. Kmile IWhampa says tho Americau woman is defective in her education, Indelicate in the matter of love, ami shocking iu her pursuit of a husband. Aside from that, however, she is all right. Lincoln Ueachy hits succeeded In looping the loop In his aeroplane six times in one day., Most newsers have It.aehy's obituary notice In type. Tho debate whether it should be parcel post or parcels post was settled by tho letter oarriers at Christmas time. It is parcels post. YOUTK KILLS HIMSELr. Portland, Or., dan. 7. Dismayed at fruitless efforts to secure employment, and faced the possibility of having to entertain his sweetheart, Miss Marie Fenwlck, of Hoed Hiver, without funds, LADD & BUSH, Bankers TsUNSACTI A OHNZKAL BAKKINO 8TJ8INH8. SAT ITT DsV rOBIT BOXES. TRAVELERS' CHBCKS. 'Want" Ads. and Harold A. Lalhrop, aged 21. traded his watch for a cheap gun, then selected su Isolated place on the east side and shot himself through the heart. His liody was found yesterday. UtJirop'i mother lives at Poiueroy, Washington. 10 E Important Reform Measures Will Be Pushed at This Session of New York's Legislature. FORMER GOVERNOR BACK AS AN ASSEMBLYMAN THERE Hinted That Democratic Minority Will Join With Independents in Making Trouble for G. O. P. (C KITED FBSSS I4MSKD WIM. Albany, Jan. 7. With a well bossed Tammany Senate glaring across the cor ridor at a defiant Republican assembly, the New York legislature of 1914 con vened here today. It is the first New York legislature that ever had an im peached governor in its membership, and the first that has had a free lance assembly, although the republicans elected a majority of the mombers. The republicans had looked forward to this session as an opportunity for them to enact such progressive meas ures as workmen's compensation, di rect primaries and reform ballot. A re publican conference in New York pledged the assemblymen to those measures, but the democrats forestalled tho gathering of these political am munition by passing these same pro gressive bills during the final days of the special session of the democratic legislature. Former Governor Sulzer now an as- somblyman, bears the unique distinc tion of being virtually "a man with out a party." Ho cast off the demo crats following his impeachment and was elected to the assembly on the pro gressive ticket. Tho progressives, how ever, have not included him in their conferences and have not numbered him as among those' to bo relied upon by their party. Just where and when the trouble will begin is tho problem. Former Governor Sulzer is apt to vie with Assemblyman llinmnn in getting in a stiff resolution to investigate everything democratic and Hininaii wants especially to dig in to the expenditure of the millions that have failed to furnish the barge canal. Sulz.er wants most of nil a general un covering of Tammany Unit's use of money at elections but is not averse to any inquiry that would show up any graft. It is hinted that the democratic min ority will join with the independents to do anything that will make real re- publican trouble, but this feature of the session will develop as opportunity of fers. Oppose Investigation. At tho outset the Tenders will try to stave off the immediate introduction of investigation resolutions. They pre fer to have but few and these deadly, but admittedly it will be hard to hold back Sulzer and several more of the determined independents. Tho senate although powerfully of tho Tammany persuasion is disposed to be really good. With tho governor and with fear to do otherwise it fairly we squared accounts with the people by the reform legislation put through at the close of the extra session. Now it sees no renl reason for legislation unless the governor has something further in BIG EATERS GET Take a Glass of Salt Before Breakfast if Your Back Hurts or Bladder Bothers You. The American men and women must guard constantly against kidney trouble because we eat too much and all our food is rich. Our blood is filled with filter acid which tho kidneys strive to filter out, they weaken from overwork, become sluggish; the eliminative tis sues clog and the result is kidney trou bio, bladder wcakucs and a general decline In health. When your kidneys feel like lumps of lead; your back hurts if the urine is cloudy, full of sediment or you are obliged to seek relief two or three times during the night; if you suffer with sick headache, or you havo rheumatism when the weather is bad, get from your pharmacist about four ounces of Jad Sills; tnke a tablespoon in a glass of water before breakfast for a few days anil your kidneys will theu act fine. This famous suits is made from the acid of grapes and lemon juice, combined with liihln, and has been used for gen erations to flush and stimulate clogged kidiieysy; to neutralise tho acids In the urine so it no longer is a source of ir ritation, thus ending bladder disor ders. Jtid Salts is inexpensive; cannot In jure, makes a delightful effervescent lithla water beverage, and belongs in every homo, because nobody can make a mistake by having a goo I kidney flushing any time. Bring Back Its Glc&s, Lustre, Charm and Get Rid of Dandruf 1 Try the Moist Cloth. To be possessed of a' head of heavy, beautiful hair; Boft, lustrous, fluffy, wavy and free from dandruff is mere ly a matter of using a little Danderine. It is easy and inexpensive to have nice, soft hair and lots of it. Just get a 25-cent bottle of Knowlton's Dander ine now all drug stores recommend it apply a little as directed and within ten minutes there will be an appear ance of abundance; freshness, fluffiness and an incomparable gloss and lustre, and try as you will you cannot find a trace of dandruff or falling hair; but year real surprise will be after two weeks' use, when you will see new hair fine and downy at first yes but really new hair sprouting out all over your scalp Danderine is, we believe, the only sure hair grower; destroyer of dandruff and cure for itchy scalp and it never fails to stop falling hair at once. , If you want to prove how pretty and soft your hair really is, moisten a cloth with a little Danderine and carefully draw it through your hair taking one small strand at a time. Your hair will be soft, glossy and beautiful in just a few moments a delightful surprise awaits everyone who tries this. mind. Of course the usual "rcmilar bills" will be introduced and very likely these will come in early. Otherwise the Benate expects simply to keep an eye on the assembly and be prepared at all times to do the governor's bidding. Since Governor Glynn is out to make a record and has declared that ho will advise the legislature by message from time to time, rather than hand out ev erything at once dgvelopments will have to bo awaited from this source also. Tho governor has to make several of tho most important appointments in the gift of the executive and Tammany has long been nnxious to know his choice. Governor Glynn has declared for a short session and few appointments, DEMONATION MAY AFFILIATE WITH UNIFERSITY fONITSO TRDBS IJ!8n WIRE.l Champaign, III., Jan, 7. A denom inational religious department in con nection with a state university is tho unique scheme being perfected today by Methodist leaders of Illinois hero, Within a few months the Wesley foun dation will consist of a $200,000 en dowment fund for this purpose, accord ing to announcement of Executive Sec. retary McGannon today. Tho Wesley foundation is incorpora ted under he laws of Illinois. Courses in religions instruction by prominent Methodist devincs and theologians will be offered to regular students of the university, and due credit given by the university for the work done. Bach elor's degrees will be given for courses combined from the Methodist depart' ment and other departments of tho ti n i vcrsity. The foundation fund and the super vision of the courses is in the hands of a bonrd of thirteen trustees. The officers of the board are Bishop W, F. McDowell, Chicago, chairman; District Superintendent F. B. Madden, Cham paign, vice-chairman; Jessie B. Dan ley, of (,'hieatio, secretary; and Dr. C. B. Taylor, of Champaign, treasurer. A local executive committee, with res idence at the university, consists of John W. Stljies, F. n. Boggs, F. F, Mad den, James C. Baker and J. W. Van Cleave, all leading Methodist ministers in tho state. FIGHT FOR SUFFRAGE. rrxtTun rsKns Lsn wmi.l Home, Jan. ".-Italian suffragists to day launched a new movement for the wresting of the rit'ht of suffrage from tho present parliament. Since the ( death two years ago of Lady Marescottl the founder of the movement and who all but succeeded In attaining tho desir ed end, the movement in Italy has been procticslty dead. Now the women have grounds for hoK. During the recent elections, the socialists having declared for women's suff raire, the women today an active part iu their support. They were Instrumental In Increasing the socialistic block In parliament from 25 to SO. Premier Ololltti is dend ent on the socialists for his ma jority In parliament and In return for this it Is necessary for him to concede to the socialists certain legislation which they dim The women have already charged a committee of the latter with ftie drawing up of the suffrage bill whlih they will have Introduced. PRIZE NOT SO DESIRABLE. rNtTin ruu ijassd wisa.1 Rome, Jan, 7. "Grand Prix ds Rome" formerly the most, coveted art' prize in the world Is not as desirable now as it used to be. The winning of it entitled the art'st. sculptor or paint er, as the cc may be to spend three years at the famous French academy in the Villa Medici at Rome, which is Ladies' Suits High standard quality, worth up to $15, $18 and $20; all new shades Prices now $7.90 $9.90 AND $11.90 now under the direction of Besnard, the famous French artist. It has just boon decided that in the future the "pensioners" will not bo allowed to marry as tho big villa has not the ac comodations necessary for the domestic happiness of tho students. Exceptions will be made, however, by tho French Minister of I'ublic Instructions, when tho case seems to warrant it. LINE BETWEEN CHEHALIS AND CENTBALIA BLOCKED foNiTsn pnsss iaabkd wihc Chehalis, Wash., Jan. 7. The electric line between Chehalis and (Vntralia has suspended operations today as tho result of the worst flood in this vicin ity for years. Tho tracks are partially submerged. The jnill dam at Doty went out today and 4,000,000 feet of cedar logs valued at $40,000 swept everything before them. It is expected that a boom at Littell will save tho logs from being lost. The telegraph wires to South Bend wero down. No northbound trains on the Northern Pa cific, or Oregon and Washington arrived here todav. HE CERTAINLY WILL. Wright I havo half a mind to be come a newspaper man. Penman Oh, you'll need more mind than that. A IN A JIFFY! TRY IT "Psps's Cold Compound" Ends Cold and Orlppe In a Few Hours Don 't Stay Stuffed-Upl You ran end grippe and break up a svero cold either in head, chest, body ir limbs, by taking a doso of "Pape's ''old Compound" every two hours until three doses are taken. It promptly opens clogged np nostrils ind air-passages in tho head, stops nas ty discharge or nose running, relieves lck hendache, dullness, feverishnesa, ore thnnt, sneezing, soreness and stiffness. Pon't stay stuffed-upl Quit blowing and snuffling! F.ase your t'irobbing head nothing else In the world gives such prompt relief as "Tape's Cold Compound, " which costs ouly 23 cents at any drug store. It acta without as distance, tastes nice, and causes no in onvenlonce. Be sure ynu get the gen nine. H 2 ... Blalk 'Ptt Sateen cotton yJJ ( AM? JtfMAf& U MJ KsL :; TewToTts S ZsSTORE THATSAVES YOU MONEY 5 :" ' ' '1 :r '- )i inliii i r i n i l inn n' n n mnnii n i j j:- -' -'' ' " ' nnBHSBS)BBBSBBSVnSBBnsSSI CLEARING PRBCES Go all over Salem first and get their prices then come here and see the money we can save you. Every article in this big store re duced and sold at prices you cannot touch elsewhere in Salem. See Our Window Prices Extra Special PRICES CUT LZ,3par AWAY DOWN ne 1JLace8 nd Remnants of Outing broideries on sal, at nannelfl 8e leas than cost to clean MuallM mi Mings np' at mill prices. $1.00 Corsets now .. 49c Emerald Green Petti- $1.00 Kid Gloves .... 49c coatai now 98o Long Ostrich Flumes, Odd lots of Hosiery and now ....... 98c, $2.45 Underwear half price. SILKS AND DRESS GOODS We are leaders in Silks and Dress Goods. Come here for bargains and the best stock in Salem to choose from. CLEARING PRICES. 1 9c, 2 5c, 3 5c, 49c yd. and up THE ROUND-UP. ! j The big storm cut Bay City off the At Portland when the new registra- map Monday, and it will be without tion books were opened Monday, 420 communication for several days, rogistcred that day. As there are about j 150,000 to register in the county, and j Captain Charles Wickstram, first of as the registration closes May 1, it will ficer of the bar dredge Chinook, died! be seen that if all register that at least very suddenly at his home in Astoria. 2000 must register every day, as there Monday. are only about 72 days in which the books are open. Ij, M. Curl is now the mayor of Al bany, he talking office Monday night, He succeeds Mayor P. D. Gilbert, who has held tho office for. two years. ... j According to Bridge Commissioner Hart, one of those in charge of the construction of the Portland-Vancouv- ' er bridge, he has been offered bribes , by at least three firms who wanted to I buv his vote. I I The Oregon Pacific & Eastern rail road, operating 20 miles of road from Cottage Orove into the timber and Bo hemia mining district, has secured a loan of ri00,00fl, which will be used in betterments. ... At Corvallis Monday, Edith Hill Boak, president of the Women's State Christian Temperance Uunon, in an ad dress, stated that In 1014 the state of Oregon would Tie dry, and that in 1020 the Vnited States would also be dry. ... Lloyd H. Wilkins. convicted of the murder of Lou L. Winters, at Fortland. was Monday sentenced to be banged March 24. ... Yegirmen blew the safe of the Bow mnn Bros. store In Tortlsnd, Monday morninir. and got sway with "00 in cash, 200 in jewelry and 10 In checks. ... The last grading camp on the rail road between Maplcton and Acme has closed down, and the grading on the Willamette-Pacific line from Eugene to Coos Bay has been finished as far ' Acme, with the exception of two short Canse it darkens the hair beautifully pieces, one at Maplcton and the other Rnl removes dandruff, stops scalp Itch at Point Terrace sawmill. Jug and falling hair; besides, no one- l'ai possibly tell, as it darkens so nat An observer of Christmas trade at urnlly and evenly. You moiston a Ah'nnd reports that the popular i'i'onge or soft brush with it, drawing taste in nifts ran largely to articles of this through the hair, taking one small furniture and ether such useful thine, Also, trade wsa better than lat year. ... The mining industry in Baker conn- ty. the Pemoerat claim, closes the year with a record of gold output greater Ladies' Coats All new, bought at 60c on the dollar. Values up to $12, $15, and $20 now only $3.95 $7.90 AND $11.90 than for 10 years past and with an ex ceedingly bright outlook for 1914. MAY RESTRAIN COMMISSION. UNITKb PI1ES8 LSARKD WinK.l Portland. Or., Jan. 7. An order re straining the state railroad commission ' from enforcing its order of December 5 directing joint use of the one inter communicating telephone system in the Oregon hotel in Portland on the part, of the Home Telephone company and" the Pacific States Telephone and Tele graph company is asked for in an in junction suit by the latter company on file In the United States district courts Two violations of the federal consti tutional are alleged in the complaint, one being that the order is confiscat ory. SAGE TEA KEEPS It's Grandmother's Recipe to Bring. Back Color, Thickens and Luster Everybody is Using it Again. Gray hair, however handsome, denote advancing age. We all know the adv vantages of a youthful appearance.. Your hair is your charm. It make, or mars the face. When it fades, turns, gray and looks dry, wispy and scrag gly, just a few applications of Sage Tea and Sulphur enchanccs its appear ance a hundred-fold. Pon't stay gray! Look young! Eith er prepare the tonic at home or get from any drug store a 50 cent bottle of "Wyoth's Sage and Sulphur Hair Remedy." Thousands of folks recom- niornl this rcady-to-use preparation, be- .strand at a time. Bv morninir tho irrav hair disappears; after another appli- cation or two, its natural color is re stored and it becomes thick, glossy and lustrous; and you appear yearn young- er. Local agent, J. C. Terry.