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Daily capital journal. (Salem, Oregon) 1903-1919, July 24, 1914, Image 1

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THIRTY-SEVENTH YEAR
8ALEM, OREGON, FBIDAY, JULY 21, 1911
Olf TBAINS AND NBW
STAND 3, nVH CENY8
PRICE TWO CENTS
M
T
F
Takes Advantage of Russia's
Labor Troubles to For
mulate Demand
ALL EUROPE MAY BE
DRAWN INTO WAR
Servia Given Until Saturday
Night to Answer and
Answer Right
Berlin, July 24. A "world war"
unless Servia complies with the de
mands Austria has mnde upon it, was.
boing predicted todny by diplomats and
military men here.
The Austrian ultimatum was a sequel
to the recent assassinntion of Archduke
Kraneis Ferdinand, Emperor Francis
Joseph's heir, by a Servian student at
Herajevo, Bosnia province.
It was freely asserted at the time
that the killing was the result of a
fot hntohed at Belgrade by a Pan
Hervian organization . with extensive
ramifications in Austria, which has a
largo Servian population in its south
eastern provinces.
It was expected immediately after
the assassination that Austria would
demand an explanation from the Ser
vian government. It delayed so long,
however, that it began to be believed
the emperor was afraid he would preci
pitate a revolt of his own Servian sub
jects if he assumed a belligerent tone.
Late Thursday the Vienna foreign
office suddenly spoke. .Servia was
tilled on, not only to punish those con
concerned in the assassination plot
against Francis Ferdinand, but to sup
press at once the Pan-Servian move
ment. An answer was required by 6 p. m.
Saturday.
Assembles War Vessels.
The nature of the demands made and
the tone of the note caused amaze
ment in official Germany.
It was believed Servia would shape
its course in accordance with the ad
vice of its powerful friend, Russia,
(should the czar refuse to aid the
smaller country, it was agreed it would
have to yield. But it was deemed far
from certain that he would refuse.
In the event of Russian interference
between Austria and Servia it was con
ceded on all hands that Germany would
inevitably be drawn into the affair, as
Austria's ally. France and England
nre allied with Russia and might be
expected to be involved next. Italy,
os the ally of Germany and Austria,
presumably would follow.
Austrinn monitors were gathering on
the Danube today at Semlin, Hungary,
opposite Belgrade, the Servian capital.
It was reported that Baron Hoetzen
dorf, chief of the Austrian army gener
al staff, had ordered seven cjrps of
troops held in readiness to invade Ser
via at a moment s notice.
A partial censorship had been de
clared at Vienna.
It was stated here that the Austrian
government acted independently In
framing its note to Servia, Germany
not having been consulted. Though ta
ken by surprise, Germany, however, ap
proved Austria's action.
German officers absent from their
commands were ordered to prepare to
rejoin them immediately.
From the foreign office the follow
ing statement wa. issued:
"If war should be declared, Ger
many will do everything possible to
localize the conflict and confine it to
Austria and Servia, Germany keeping
its hands off, but should another pow
r seek to interfere, Germany will
promptly 'fulfill its duty as Austria's
ully."
"The Austrian note," said the Ber
liner Zeitung, "comes as a startling,
glaring lightning flash through a I
breathless, fearful cloud resting over
KiirniM. It dnzzlintf snark. imnrt from
Kurope. Its dazzling sparks spurt
every side.
"Our hearts are standing still and
a terrible crash which will shake the
world is awaited.
"It was not a diplomatic note that
Austria sent. It was almost a declara
tion of war. i
"Between the lines of the Austrian
demand spring forth in flaming red
letters mobilization orders.
"It was the general staff which
apnke. ' '
The I.okal Anzeigrf warned Russia
not to interfere between Austria and
fervia. "The Austrian note," it said,
"was harsh but just. Servia must com
j.ry with the demands made or perish."
The market here broke from 2 to 3
joints as a result of the war scar?.
Russian petroleum fell 18 points. Quan-
t'ties of securities were unloaded.
Notifies the World.
Paris, July 24. Austria notified all
DEMANDS
THE PUNISHMENT 0
PICE'S B INS
HOT WAVE SWEEPS
THE MIDDLE STATES
Middle West Welters and Many Prostra
tions Are Reported Philadelphia
Breaks Its Record.
Chicago, July 24. A wave of in
tense heat that set new records for
the year in some places spread over
the United States yesterday.
In Chicago the mercury climbed to
100 and it was the hottest day of the
year here.
In St. Louis street kiosks registered
110 degrees and many prostrations
were reported there.
Oklahoma and Missouri also reported
many prostrations. Guthrie, Okla., for
the sixth consecutive day, showed the
mercury reaching 102 degrees.
Fort Scott and Great Bend, Kan., re
ported maximums of 103. Gritlloy, Kan.,
recorded 102, with four prostrations.
At Atchison, where the mercury reach
ed 100, several prostrations occurred.
Kansas City had the third hottest
day of the season, with a temperature
of 97.' Only one prostration was re
ported. Philadelphia, July 24. The warmest
July 23 in the history of the local
weather bureau was experienced here
today, when the thermometer registered
more than 9G degrees. It also was the
hottost day this year. Until today the
hottest July 23 was in 1883, when the
mercury registered 92.
Hot Spell Broken.
Chicago, July 24. The backbone of
the heat wave which has scorched the
middle west for. several days was bro
ken at noon today by a thunder storm.
The temporature here dropped ten de
grees within an hour. Heavy rains also
were reported from Iowa and Nebras
ka points. . .
the powers toilay of its demands on
Servia. With the notification it sent
a review of the circumstances attend
ing Archduke Francis Ferdinand's as
sassination, charging that Servian con
spiracies were responsible for his
death.
Fierce Fighting at Capital
Vienna, July 24. Terrific street
fighting was reported in St. Petersburg
today between cavalry and striking
workmen.,: , ,
Companies of Cuirassiers were said
to be galloping furiously through the
streets, riding into and over every
group they saw, using their sabres free
ly, and wherever met with serious re
sistance resorting to firearms.
Quick firers had also been called in
to service, according to Teliable ad
vices, for use wherover the crowds
were unusually threatening, and in a
number of instances it was understood
they had been used relentlessly.
No figures were obtainable concern
ing the number of casualties, but it
is believed here they were very heavy.
The crowds, on the other hand, from
all accounts, had done great damage,
Upsetting and demolishing streetcars,
which the authorities were again ft
tempting to run; smashing windows
and looting shops and assaulting of f u
cials who ventured out without strong
guards.
Similar conditions were reported in
many other Russian cities.
Stories were conflicting and very
meagre owing to the censorship. The
impression prevailed here that the sit
uation was extremely grave.
GERMANY IS ALARMED.
Berlin, July 24. Austrian and Hun
garian army reservists here received
orders today from their commanders to
be ready to report for duty with their
regiments at one day's notice.
SEEVIANS ARE DEFIANT.
Belgrade, July 24. Belgrade was in
a ftate of intense excitement today,
following the presentation of Austria's
note demanding the punishment of the
Servians alleged to have been responsi
ble for Archduke Francis Ferdinand's
recent assassination aud the suppres
sion of the Pan-Servian movement.
All sorts of reports were in circula
tion. One was that Premier Paschitscb
had gone to St. Petersburg to learn
what support the Belgrade government
might expect from the czar.
The conutry was in a definant, war
like moo 1.
STILL HOLD DECISION.
Washington, July 24. The interstate
commerce commission announced that
no action might be expected today on
the petition of eastern railroads' for
j P"'0" to increase freight rates
five cent- Many predicted that
the long expected ruling would be given
out tomorrow,
. Yes, Cordelia, the drum major be
longs to tne nantf even If he does give
one the impression the band belongs
The Weather
Fair tonight
and Saturday,
westerly winds.
SUMMElO
GOVERNOR JOHNSON
HOI IN THE COLLAR
OVER STATEMENT
Says the Chronicle and Otis'
Los Angeles Times Are
Both Liars
TRYING TO CAPTURE
THE STATE THAT WAY
Says Story of His Falling Out
With Roosevelt Has No .
Shadow of Foundation
Sacramento, Cnl., July 24. In reply
to a published statement that he had
broken with Colonel Roosevelt, Gover
nor Johnson issued the following state
ment today:
"Do Young's San Francisco Chroni
cle and Otis' Los Angeles Times pub
lished simultaneously this morning a
story purporting to emanate, from San
Francisco concerning Colonel Roosevelt
and myself. The story from beginning
to end is absolutely and unqualifiedly
false. There is not an atom or a sha
dow of truth about it.
"Every day, De Young, Otis and
Spreckles deliberately manufacture
falsehoods and publish them in their
papers, knowing the publications to be
false. I warned the people of the state
some months ago of the employment of
a man in Sacramento City, who is now
the secretary and manager of the re
publication organization there, whose
employment was to manufacture stories
detrimental to me for publication in
the papers of Otis, De Young and
Spreckles. This man is now simply
carrying out his ends by such inalicius
ly untrue publications as that appear
ing this morning in the Chronicle and
the Times.
"The means by which De Young,
Otis and Spreckles expect again to
have California's government is plain.
Their great papers and every little
(Continued on page 3.)
SOCIALIST SHOWS
HIS LOVE FOR KING
'The King Is Destitute of Ability, and
Had He Been Bom in the Banks of
Workers Would be Corner Loafer."
London, July 2f The Buckingham
ralace conference jon the Irish home
rule question was resumed at 11 a. m.
today and lasted for 30 minutes.
Speaker Lowther, of the house of
commons, who bad presided; Sir Ed
ward Carson, the anti-home rule leader,
and Colonel Craig, his chief lieutenant,
remained in conversation for 30 min
utes after the other conferees had left.
It was announced that Premier As
quith would make a statement in the
house of commons tonight concerning
the conference's progress. The public
was not generally hopeful that he
would have an agreement to roport.
Does Not Like Criticism.
King George was understood to be
mucn affected by irittcisms of his ret
crence to the threat of civil war in the
event of the conferee s failure to settle
the homo rule controversy, made in the
speech with which he greeted them
when they first gathered at the pal
ace. The most vitroilic attack yet made
on his majesty appenred today in a
labor paper under the signature of
Iver Hardie. socialist and independent
n. ember of parliament, who declared
that the king hold the conference in
the interest of robelhous, reactionary
Ulsterites, adding:
"The king is destitute of even or
dinary ability. Born in the ranks of
workers, his most likely fate would
have been that of a street comer
loafer."
The premior's announcement was re-;
garded with extreme gravity.
After a prolonged and desperate par
liamentary Btrugglo the anti-home rul
ers had agreed to accept tho bill on con
dition of the exemption of the Ulster
counties. The home rulers agreed to
this proposition with the qualification
that Counties Tyrone and Fermaugh,
which, though part of Ulster, have large
Catholic populations, be excepted and
brought under the bill's operation.
It was on this point that the two
factions split.
With the Ulsterites swearing rebel
lion if an attempt to l'orce home rule
on tht-ui should be made, Klnj George
finally summoned conference of to
leaders of the different parties at Buck
ingham palace in the hope of affecting
a compromise.
The conference was not popular either
with politicians or with the people, the
general view being that the question
was one to be settled in open parlia
ment and not at a secret meeting in
the royal palace. Tho king, too, was
accused of iuterfcrring in a political
(Continued on page 2.)
Gbe Xaet Gum of tbe TOeeU
VILU1 IS III
m
STRONG
AS ALL THE OTHERS
Is Recruiting to Make His
Army Equal to Any Car
ranza Can Assemble
HIS FIRST REALLY
SUSPICIOUS MOVE
Looks as Though He Intended
to Make Northern Mexico
a Separate Government
Chihuahua City, Mex., July 24. In
stead of behaving as if ho considered
the fighting over, General Villa had
scores of recruiting offices in the field
todny, apparently engaged in bringing
his forces up to a strength equalling
those of all tho other constitutionalist
divisions combined. Special induce
ments were boiug offerod to prospec
tive recruits.
Many persons were afraid Villa was
preparing to make troublo if General
Carranza failed to comply with all de
mands he might mako. Some even pre
dicted he would revolt before the occu
pation of Mexico City.
It was announced at the ouartel gen
eral that tho Villistas would go to
Querctaro and thonco to Mexico City
August 1. Villa was expected here to
night. 1
Frenchmen who arrived today from
Zacatecas said Villa was not personally
to blame for the execution there of
two Christian brothers, French priests.
They placed- th' rospoiwibility on Gen
erals Urbina and C'hao. The French
government was investigating.
Troops Take Possession.
El Paso, Texas, July 24. A private
message received here today from Gen
eral Obregon said constitutionalist
troops occupied Manzanillo and Colima
today after the two cities had been
(Continued from page 3.)
--
BIG FOREST FIRE
NEAR TILLAMOOK
Starts From Spark From Donkey Engine
and Soon Gets Beyond Control Front
Nearly a Mile Long.
Portland, Ore., July 24. The first
serious green timber lire of the year
in Oregon was reported raging south
and east of Cochran, at the summit of
the coast range along the line of the
Pacific Railway & Navigation line to
Tillamook, and six miles west of Tim
ber. A report from Timber shortly before
noon stated that a spark from a don
key engine ignited the dry slashings
aud that the fire had swept beyond
control into the green timber. The
fire-fighters, of whom there are a large
number, have stopped the fire's prog
ress south and west, but It was still
raging steadily to the southeast. Al
though the loss thus far has not been
grer.t, the fire is extremely menacing,
as it is burning in the heavy timber
to the south of tho railroad.
The fire front was Buid to be al
most a mile across.
A SUFFRAGETTE PETITION.
London, July 24. Edith Fitsgernld
and Lady Berkeley, prominent suffra
gettes, were arrested today trying to
get into Birmingham palace with a pe
tition framed by Mrs. r.'mmelino rank-
hurst for King George. In it, it was
set forth that the suffragettes certain
ly were no worse rebels than the Ulster
men and that the latter had received
most considerate treatment from tho
government; the suffragettes demanded
the same thing.
COURT ESTABLISHED
TO PREVENT DIYORCES
Chicago, July 24. For tho first timo
in history, a court created solely to
fight the divorce evil opened its doors
here toduy with Judge Torrison in
charge. It is known as the Chicago
divorce-prevention bureau of the muni
cipal court.
Discussing the proposed activities of
tho new bureau, Judge Torrison said:
"In many cases a frank discussion
will mate grvat woes seem temporary
vexations. My assistants and I will
welcome all who feel that they are at
the parting of the ways. I have seen
many cases where friendly counsel and
a sober view of the future might have
brought about a new understanding."
HOGUE FOUND GUILTY
WILL NOT APPEAL
San Francisco, July 24. There was
no imlicution today of any intention
on the part of James Hogue, the ex
railrtad conductor who was wounded
almost to death and captured whilo at
tempting to hold up a Southern Pa
cific passenger train in San Francisco's
outskirts last May, or appealing rrom
the verdict of guilty returned against
htm late Thursday.
Hoguo who testified that ho mado
his criminal attempt, the first or
career, because, on account of his age,
ho could not secure work and' would
not see his wife and children starve
to death, seemed dazed by his position
and awaited seuteneo in apparent in
difference. Judge Dunne announced he would
pass sentence Saturday. The jury was
out but 14 minutes ami took but a
single ballot.
MOYER IS AGAIN
ELECTED PRESIDENT
Denver, Colo., July 24. Charles II.
Mover was tolay unanimously re
elected president of the Western Fed
eration of Miners.
Other officers chosen were:
Ernest .Mills, secretary-treasurer.
John Lowlier, Guy Miller, Yanco
Tcrzieh and William Davidson, mem
bers of the executive board.
T. If. Tanner, J. ('. Williams, Joseph
Cannon and James Shea, delegates to
the American Federation of Labor
convention.
The gathering here will decide Tues
day what action to take relative to
tho situation nt Butte.
BASEBALL TODAY
Federal.
B. II. K.
St. Louis 0 5 1
Bnltiore 4 8 1
Crandall and Chapman; Conley aud
Jucklitsch.
R. II. E.
Indianapolis 4 10 1
Pittsburg 5 10 2
Mullen nnd Texter; Burger and Ber
ry. (12 innings.)
First gume B. H. E.
Kansas ( itv 8 10 1
Buffalo 3 7 3
Adams, Stone and Knzenroth, East
erly; Schulz, Foru and Allen, Blair.
B. II. E.
Chicago '. 4 9 1
-.'0OM.vn ..... 5 12 2
Fisk aud Wilson; Lafitte and Owens.
National.
R. II. E.
Philadelphia 2 4 1
uttsburg 3 9 1
Mayer and Killifer; McQuillen and
Kafora.
RUSSIAN
SITUATION
I GRAVE INDEED
ALL Bl EN RED
Movement Not Likely to Over
throw the Government !
But Is Dangerous
THE CZAR SITS ON
POWDER MAGAZINE
Starvation Wages and Shock
ing Conditions Started Oil
District Troubles
London, July 24. Russia has been in
the throes of a genuine revolutionary
uprising for five days past, according to
reliable advices, smuggled across the
frontier and recoived here today by -wiro.
Communication has been so thorough- '
ly disorganized and different sections
of the country so completely cut off
from one another that the revolution- '
ists themselves have not themselves a -very
definite idea how successful they '
have been or the extent of the blood- -shd.
In addition to the interruption of
rail and wire communication, newspaper
publication has been suspended by gov
ernment order and any correspondent
who attempted to send out actual news
openly would, of course, speedily see
the insido of a jail.
How effective the censorship was
could be judged from the fact that it ,'.
was not until after bloody street fight
ing had been in progress in at least '
a scoro of cities for three days that .
even an inkling of anything wrong,
reached the outside world. . ,
Conditions Shocking.
Today's message brought the situa
tion only up to about noon Thursday,
aud what has happened sinc was not
known except from the officially au
thorized dispatches, which it was taken
for granted were colored to suit the .
government.
The impression here was that while
the uprising was unlikely to result in
overturning the existing regime, it was
so general as to prove that the govern
ment was sitting over a magazine which
might explodo at any minute.
Ileginning with a series of strikes in
the oil region about liaku, where the
workmen have long been threatening
troublo on account of their starvation
pay and the shocking working condi
tions, the disorders have had more or
less an industrial character through
out. Anti-government agitators have
turned them to their own account, how-
over, and quickly gave them the shape
of a revolt against the czar.
Tho guess was made that the killed
already numbered well into the hun
dreds. Tho wounded certainly have
been far more numorous.
Cossacks Are Brutal.
The Cossacks wcro said to hnvc at
tempted to rely at first on their sabres
and the trampling hoofs of their horses
in their fights with the strikers, but it
was stated that in the later engage
ments, alarmed by the desperate situa
tion they faced, they fired freely into
tho crowds.
The strikers evidently were not very
well armed but fought with clubs, ,
stones, knives, such tools of the various
trades as could be converted into wea
pons, and in some cases with pistols. It
was reported also that in some places
dynamite was effectively used. Several
serious fires, too, were suid to have
been started.
It was admitted that casualties had
been far more numerous among the
strikers than in tho ranks of the troops.
Large numbers of the latter, it was
stated, Inn I been hurt, however, and
there was also some loss of life among
them.
In the rural districts, where soldiers
were not so rendily at hand, a reign of
terror was reported among the gentry,
a number of fine country mansions were
understooil to have been looted and
there were stories of tho killing of fam
ilies here and there.
Has All News Bottled.
Stockholm, July 24. Except tuat
President Poincare of France was
known abruptly to have terminated his
official visit in St. Petersburg on ac
count of the Russian strike and to be
on his way here, the Muscovite govern
ment had tho news of its troubles com
pletely bottled up today, so far at least
as Sweden was concerned.
Absolutely nothing definite had been
heard concerning happenings of the
past IS or 20 hours. Reports were cur
rent that bloody fighting was still in
progross in many cities, that many had
been killed and wounded on both sides,
and that chaos reigned throughout
much of Russia. This news could not
be verified, however.
The belief here was that the czar
faced one of the most serious situations
of his entire reign. In Sweden, where
the St. Petersburg governments suppos
ed territorial ambitions are the subject
of much apprehension, everyone wished
success to the strikers,

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