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Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, September 15, 1914, Image 1

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rii - . PRICE TWO CENTS stands, rrva cent
pmaL Sept. 15 The Russians are again on the
,:fensive in East Prussia, the war office announced to-
f The Austiians were so badly demoralized in Galicia,
was explained, that it was considered safe to withdraw
!ome Russian troops from there and a force of them was
ant northward to help General Rennenkamp, who has
tno rant s Knsr. Prussian flp.r.ivitips.
uiU6c VL " - - ,-
Rotterdam, Sept. 15. Th
spread throughout Germany 0t
a feeling ot deep gloom was
indicated bv advices received
here today from Berlin. This
it was said, was in spite of the
fact that the government was
publishing only part of the na-
tiong losses at the front.
Business, it was admitted, was
paralyzed. Discontent was said
, to be increasing at the govern-
nieut 's failure to provide for the
unemployed. The socialist news-
papers, in particular, were com-
plnining at the use of prisoners
of war on road work instead of
giving it to idle Germans.
Some reports intimated that
socialist uprisings were possible.
Combination Baggage and
Smoker, and Chair Car
are Wrecked
Portland, Ore., Sept. 5. Re
porting that eastern factories
are running night and day to
fill orders for clothing, shoes,
automobile trucks, gunpowder
and firearms for m hv th no.
tions at war in Europe, Presi-
Thus reinforced, Rennenkam'p began pressing the Ger
That he would push offensive operations on a large
'eale just yet, the war office denied, however,
i Rather, it was said, his purpose was to keep the Ger
mans' hands so full that they would be unable to send re
inforcements to the Austrians. The latter were reported
ri-forming on the San river.
I The Russians were estimated to have captured one
I'lxth of all the Austrian artillery.
I The belief was gaining ground that the Austrians
. ou!d soon lay down their arms.
i The government intimated that the proposed invasion
Hungaiy had been abandoned, the decision having been
ached to use the whole of the First and Second lines of
roops in attempting to capture Berlin.
The czar, court officials said, has developed a bitter
l atredof the kaiser and is determined to enter the latter's
hpital at the head of his own armies.
J "Russia," declared War Minister Sukomlinoff, "is de
trained to take Berlin. This is the task to which the
,allies have assigned the Muscovite soldiers.
I "To accomplish this, without danger of being attacked
j ram the' rear, it was necessary first to remove the Aus
trian peril, but there will not be a general invasion of
Hungary or attempts to capture Vienna or Budapest.
i 8ajr Austrian Mim Quit.
1 Mm, fcpt. 15.-Complete defeat of
1 Astnan forces by the Russian in
wrs of Galicia was admitted today
?' ""MS" received here from reliable
if in Vienna.
V.V""!"' oft'eia'dom denied was
tended he troop,' retirement v.-as
H d that they were entrench
''It tea fresh stand on the River
prod,s,0,13 and thRt (.oneral Auf
!wt.inf(rn!l1 tMub,e throughout
a f M here waa fl,at the gov-
j ' us meir own,
From Russian sources came the claim
that the territory was being cleared of
invaders rapidly.
The frontier town of Kalisz, at any
rate, evidently remained in German
hands, reliable accounts telling of the
strength of the defenses the Germans
were constructing, apparently with a
view to holding it even against greatly
superior numbers.
Austrian Army Penned.
Petrograd, Sept. 15. "The Rus
sians," stated the war office this after
noon, "have the Austrians' entire left
wing, including its German reinforce-
; ments, penned in the angle formed by
me junction or the San ana Vistula
"These troops were driven from
Opole and Turobin. They face surren
der and destruction.
"On the flank and rear they are sur
rounded by cossacks. They can escape
in no other direction on account of im
passible marshes."
I Pin mi..
! Also v.t.
AJ r,Z: tactions of
aWoTa BCaalJ-Tto Affect
on Account of Missions.
nKT. TurkeyV
ffWrM I... . ltaa dominions w
l;ittfVe"a,eat -identlv
ft v..
7lt , hW maki the
'led n "s
,H 1 tUt 2 W it plan
I J"" of ,77 ttakinS Turkish
l'tfter rvlT'80 chooIs in
ul U t? Vds ill lx
V ? til h. """"nnient. it ;
f U..'W advai
''5-..uM bJ .'fte change,:
In the supreme court this afternoon
.uasf t0 test the constitutionality
ot the law passed by the last legisla
ture giving the statu bank examiner
power to regulate banks and trust com
panies doing a trust business. The test
case brought by the Pacific Title and
irust COmnnntr - nj.i
. 1 cuusuiiaarea witn
! tile CfICa nf 1L. n
- -.-v Vl 1UB uregon itenlty and
i rust company against 8. O. 8argont
- ,m examiner ana A. AI.
2,w. ord 83 attorney general.
.Thig case was first brought in the
circuit court of Marion county but no
judgment was rendered inasmuch as it
was the intention to carry it to the
supreme court to try out the constitu
tionahty of the law. In case the su
preme court holds that the recent law
s unconstitutional, its decision will
prove a base for attacking the power of
tie state bank examiner over banks.
In casting off German influence win
tie Russians spurn the useful Vienna
roil, the succulent Hamburg steak and
the estimable Frankfurter!
The Weather
Germans Reach Defenses
Prepared in Advance and
Turn to Give Battle
(By William Philip Sims.)
Paris, Sept. 15. "The Germans be
gan Monday," announced a telegram
received at 3:30 p. ni. today from the
Bordeaux war office, "to resist the
French advance on a line they have
established north of the River Aisne.
"Their front extends through the
forests of La Aiglo and Craonne,"
between Eheims and Laon "and to
the north of Rheims and Chalons."
The admission was the first the war
office has made since the German re
tirement began, that the kaiser's forces
were returning to the attack.
It was believed the Germans had
reached a line of entrenched positions
previously prepared by them and that
another battle was imminent.
At any rate, it was evident that the
retreat had stopped.
Turn and Fight Again.
Iaris, Sept. 15. "The Germans in
northeastern France were beginning to
stop end show fight today.
They were using their 'artillery ef
fectively and the Franco-British allies
were losing more heavily.
East of Amiens the kaiser's forces
were concentrating, evidently for a de
termined stand.
Thev were drawn up in a concave line
extending from St. Quentin through
Guise and Vervins and thence south
ward toward Rethel and along the
River Aisne.
If they succeeded in reforming at
all completely it was agreed that they
might resume the offensive.
The Berlin Story.
Berlin, Sept. 15. (By wireless to
Sayvillc) uontimied fighting inl
France, with the general result still in
doubt, was announced by the war of-!
fice here today.
From General Hinderberg, .it was1
stated, came official reports of fresh!
German victories in East Prussia.
He had heavily defeated, Hinderberg;
said, the Russian Third, Twentieth and;
Fortieth army corps, together with two!
reserve infantry divisions and five,
divisions of cavalry. This army, ac-
cording to the kaiser's commander, waS
from a concentration center at Vilna. i
German officials at Brodna reported I
that the Russian troops defeated atj
Lvck included the 22nd corps, remnants,
of the Sixth corps and part of the Third,
Siberian corps. I
The number of Russian casualties was
said to have been enormous, besides j
which many of them were captured.
Only a Pause in Retreat j
Bordeaux, Sept. 15. Despite news;
dont J. C. AiiiNWorth. of the
.1. Tlfi.l ft. . .... . '
uniiea states rsational bauk,
and President A. L. Mills, of the
First National bauk, are home
today from the bankers ' confer-
ence withv the federal reserve
board at Washington. $
A continuation of the war,
both declared, would create a
tremendous demand for goods
manufactured in tae United
States for us in the homes and
Floods Undermine Track and
Cars Plunge Into Twelve
Feet of Water
St. Louis, Sept. 15. Conflicting re
ports were received here throughout the
morning of the" number of persons who
met death when a St. Louis and Snn
Francisco passenger train was derailed
near Lebanon early today. An accur
ate estimate of the dead was unobtain
able as a result of interrupted wire
First reports from Lebanon said that
at least 40 persons were dead. A mes
sage from Springfield said that one of
the survivors, a physician, estimated
the number of dead at 20. Receiver
Nixon of the railroad at noon said he
had received a partial list of the dead,
including six who had beon identified
and the body of an unidentified man.
A relief train was rushed from here to
the scene of the wreck but it was being
delayed as a result of washouts.
Receiver Nixon declared that the
wrecked coaches consisted ot a com
bination baggaee car and smoker and
a chair car. He denied that the cars
had gone over a trestle weakened by
washouts, as reported earlier in the
day, claiming there., was no trestle at
the point where- tlie"' wreck occurred.
The wreck resulted, he said from the
earth beneath the rails being washed
out for a distance of fifty feet. Into
this hollow, containing 12 feet of water,
the coaches plunged.
Receiver Nixon would not estimate
the number of fatalities.
Details Hard to Get.
St. Louis, Sept. 15. Forty-five per
sons were reported killed in the derail
ment of a St. Louis and San Francisco
passenger train at Lebanon early to
day. Five wore said to have met death
when the crash occurred. The others,
it wan reported, were drowned.
Wire communication with the scene
of the wreck is most difficult but latest
advices indicate that the death list will
total 45. Most of the victims were
passengers in the chair car.
The wreck occurred at 2:35 o'clock
this morning.
Engineer O'Brien escaped but Fire
man Stockstill was drowned.
Up to noon, railroad officials here,
admitted, 25 bodies had been recovered I
from the wreck.
The upper side of the chair cat andj
the bottom of the overturned smoker, I
latest advices here say, are visible fromj
the track.
Thirteen injured survivors are being
treated at a Lebanon hospital.
The Earlier Story.
St. Louis Mo., Sept. 15. A St. Louis
and San Francisco passenger train, leav
inir here for Texas points at 8:30 o'clock
last nidht. was derailed earlv toilavl
near Lebanon Indirect reports from
Springfield say that at least 40 pas
sengers are missing and probably were
killed. Wires to Lebanon are down and
(Continued on page 5.)
(Continued on page 5.)
Only Report Confirmed Is
That Surrender of Austrian
Army Is Probability
By Ed L. Keen,
London, Sept. 15. Overwhelming dis
aster to the Austrians in Galicia was
reported at the Russian embassy here
this afternoon. i
Reports that the czar's troops had
cut their army in two and that its sur
firmed. It was suid Archdukes Karl
firmed. It was said Archdukes Earl
Franz Joseph and Franz Friedericlt and
many other hiuh militarv offk-nra
in dunuer of canture.
serious anti-government rioting was
rupuneu in Vienna. 1H' tails were un
obtainable on account of the censor-shin.
The rumor that Onim! Vnn wiv
commander of the German right wing
ui i ranee, nau Been captured with 14,
000 of his men. on vnrlo.1 ),: ..
noon wna a story tuat the number of
the rank and file taken prisoners was
Off nnn
The war office did not beliove either
account, saying tho French govern
ment would have confirmed the re
ports if they had been true.
A rumor that the French had relieved
Maubeuge and captured 12,000 Ger
mans was also received skeptically. It
was a fact that many prisoners had
been taken, it was stated off icially, Hut
figures were unobtainable. As for the
story that Maubeuge had been relieved,
the war office had hoard nothing of it.
Stories Not Authentic.
The Belgian legation published an
other story of alleged German atroc
ities in Belgium.
After referring to Louvain and other
cities said to have suffered at the hands
of the kaiser 's troops, the report assart
ed: "The German occupation of any town
was accompanied by violence and acts
contrary to the usages of warfare con
ducted on the principles of humanity.
"The procecdure everywhere is the
same. The German, advancing along
the roads, shoot inoffensive passorsby
and peasants in the fields. They re
quisition food and drink in the vil
lages. They consume all the liquor ob-
iniuuvm uiuu mioxicaieu ana men pin
ago, murder and commit deliberate
cruelties, regardless of their victims'
age or sex.
"In several places tho mnle popula
tion has been sent to Germany to work
tiie harvest fields. The women, left
alnnfl find mutrntni'ffwl hflva KnaA .
dered to return to their hnmpa nml in
leave their doors open at night.
"Numerous witnesses declare that
the Germans, in attacking tiwns, have
placed civilians, men and won en, in
AND ARMY OF 14.000
(Continued from page 2.)
Fair tonight
and Wednesday,
except showers
tonight north
west portion.;
westerly winds.
(By J. W. T. Mason, former London i
correspondent of the United Press.)
New York, Sept. 15. Yesterday 's I
figure "6" or letter "P," representing
the battle line of the etreating Ger
man forces in northeastern Fnhice, had
become narrower at the bowl today and
the hook about Verdun was loosening.
1UC ol I III Ui. mc A.fcM.v, " j
day was drawn much to the left, was
assuming a more nearly perpiauicmai
If the allies can bend the "6" or
uvi ;nn srhnll-r erect Dosition. the
I Germans will be where they were orig
jinally, just as the allies' lines about
Namnr and in Aroennes gavu uu
the retreat on Paris began.
The Germans apparently were at
tempting today, on the hills northeast
of La Fere-Laon-Eheims fortified line,
now uniquely famous for its perils to a
defensive army, to reorganize their
forcet with a view to preventing this
straightening of the figure.
The Biver Aisne, from Bethel to Vou
ziers, is the key to this position, since
it guards the avenue of retreat upon
Luxemburg and Ardennes.
In Dangerous Position.
If the allies can pierce the German
line at this point, the German center's
communications will be snapped and the
center will be thrown in confusion upon
the already harassed right.
The change of the German crown
prince's headquarters to Montfaucon,
which is on the line with Bethel and
Vouziers, suggests that the allies are
preparing in this district for their prin
cipal attack if the Germans make an
other stand in France.
Ardennes, with its hills, forests and
numerous streams, is of the utmost
value to the Germans as safe line of
retreat. If the allies ran block s re
tirement there, nothing but Napoleonic
genius can prevent a stupendous Ger
man disaster.
For this reason the German resistance
along the Aisne cannot afford to take
the chances that were Ultimate for the
allies in the battle of Marne.
For the allies, Paris on one side and
the Epinal-Belfort line of frontier for
tifications on the other irtt ready to
serve as strong pivoting points if the
Germans broke the Marne line.
But no such points exist for the Ger
mans along the Aisne.
Czar Wants Berlin.
Therefore, the kaiser's forces cannot
risk a long, indecisive' engagement. If
ineir line goes ana me Aruennes roiios
are blocked, annihilation will be immi
nent for them.
For this reason the battle of Aisne,
if there be such a battle, will not com
pare in duration or intensity with that
of the Marne.
The announcement by Russian War
Minister Sukh omlinoff that there will
be no change in the czar's plan to reach
Berlin as speedily as possible was of
the utmost importance.
As has already been pointed out in
this eolumn, any effort to prciu:: op
erations in Austria-Hungary beyond
the point necessary to make the Berlin
advance safe will b merely to prolong
the war.
There has been evidence that, earried
away by their victories in Austrian Ga
licia, and not relishing the quality of
the Germans' resistance in East Prus
sia, the Russians were fascinated by
the temptation of the comparatively
easy marches on Budnprst and Vienna.
Hukhomlinoff 's announcement shows,
however, that wiser counsel prevailed
and tbit (nrrw will be no departure
from the only Russian strategy which
can hasten the end of the war." ,
The Germans in northeastern France had made a de
finite stand today.
Their line was north of the River Aisne.
The French theory was that they were simply trying
to reorganize but their retreat had ceased.
Another battle was deemed imminent. -
Their artillery was inflicting increasing loss on the
Most of the Verdun forts continued to hold out against
the German crown prince and the French said his force
had been driven back.
The allies had reoccupied Rheims.
It was rumored the allies had captured the German
General Von Kluk and, according to some accounts, 14,
000, according to others 25,000 of his men.
Another rumor had it that the French had relieved
Maubeuge and captured 12,000 Germans.
These stories the British war office did not believe,
saying the French government would have confirmed
them had they been true.
Many prisoners, indeed, it said, had been taken, but
figures were unavailable.
The Belgians were again on the aggressive about Ma
lines and the ruins of Louvain.
The Belgians made fresh charges of atrocities by the
German troops.
The Germans had evacuated French Lorraine.
In East Prussia the Germans claimed overwhelming
victories over the Russians.
The Russians said they were on the offensive' in the
same territory but admitted they would not do much there
until Austria was disposed of. ; ':. . -
This; -they asserted,' would be soon. '
They declared they had the Austrians penned between
the angle of the Vistula and San rivers, where they must
surrender or perish.
They said they looked for an early Austrian capitula
tion, asserting Austrian losses already were 250,000.
Pctroirrad also claimed successes fori There were, stories current ot higo,
the cznr in Russian Poland.
As soon as opposition had beon crush
ed in Austria and Russian Poland, it
was announced the Russians would drop
all other campaigning to march on Ber
prices, unemployment and anti-government
rioting in Vienna.
Threatened by Great Britain, Turkey
was said to have decided to remain neutral.
A British submarine was reported to
The czar was said to have conceived; h k th(J aerman protected cruiser
1.:.. . I r M tUn Irnten. ami IA I .
a bitter hatred of tho kaiser and 'o
be determined to lead his troops into
the latter's capitnl in person.
Nish declared 150,000 bervians wcro
operating in Hungary.
Kottenlum protesscu to nave imor
mation that gloom and discontent wire
increasing in Germany.
British Premier Asquith introduced in
parliament a bill suspending Irish homo
rule for a year "or until the eud of
tiie war."
Skirmishing between Japanese and
Germans was reported near Kiao C'hau.
: .
Hpokane, Wash., Sept. 15. j
jt Ilmiilreds of persons stood in a
drizzling rain today while
h.iit J. I). Farrell and Hob- '
ert K. Htrnhorn, of the O.-W.
$ R. &- js. company; rresiucnt n.
R. Knrlinir and Judee A. L, '
Flewclling of the "Milwaukee"
road, today drove me goiuen
spike in celebration of the link-
it imr nf tli n two lines over the '
c Hpokane river and the comple- !
tion of the tine new union sia-
ijc tion.
Tun crrext all-steel exhibition
trains, one from each road, one
facing eastward, the otner wesi-
ward, halted on tho big steel
bridge, above the crowds, where
the joining or tue lines was j
$ made. j
Mavor Hindlcy delivered the
address of welcome. j
Seattle, Wash., Sept. 15. Alarmed by
the odor of gas, William Flynu broke
in the door of his apartment with an
axe this morning and found his wife,
Mrs. Jennie Flynn, lying dead on the
bed with her two children dead in her
Thi couple lived at 4111 Fremont
avenue. They had had some disagree
ment, and this morning Mrs. flynn told
her husband, who Is a streetcar con
ductor, that she was going to kill her
self. He did not believe her, and left
for his early morning run, according to
Flynn s story. He returned later in
the forenoon and found the door to his
apartment locked. He tried to get in,
and finally, remembering his wife's
threat, and smelling gas, ne broke
down the door.
Mrs. Flynn was 20 years old. Her
two children, Jennie and Harold, who
died with her, were two years old and
11 months old, respectively. . .
jC sjc 5c lf( 3t JC 3jC 3f(
At St. Louis Chicflgo-Bt. Louis, both
gnmes postponed; rain.
R. H. K.
Boston 2 5 1
Washington 1 4 3
Wood and Thomas; Shaw and Ains
mith. R. H. E.
Philadelphia 3 U 3
New York 1 0 1
Bressler and Lapp; Brown and Swee
ney, Nunamaker.
B. H. E.
Detroit 2 ft 0
Cleveland 1 0 1
Cavet and Baker; Tedrow and Bass
ler. i
B. H. E.
Chicago 6 11 0
Pittsburg 0 4 1
Ilcndrix and Wilson; Barger ami
B. H. B.
St. Loui 0 6 1
Buffalo 16 1
Davenport and Simon; Erapp and
B. H. B.
Indianapolis 9 113
Brooklyn 2 10 3
Kaiserling and Raridan; Finneraa
and Marion, Owens.
New York .... 0001 20000 3 9 8
Philadelphia . 2000 2000x 4 8 1
Frommo, O Toole and Meyers; Alex
ander and Killifer.
B. H. E.
Cincinnati 0 0 4
Pittsburg 9 11 0
Benton and Gonzales; Adams and
R. It. K.
Brooklyn ..... 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 Z 14 2
Boston 02500000 x 7 7 2
Rncker, Reulbach, Aitchison and
Miller; James and Gowdy.
- Some marriages may be a failure, but
we havo aoticed that most widows and
widowers are anxious to try again.

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