Newspaper Page Text
JtJL 5ff? 1 Full Leased Wire Dispatches Today's News Printed Today THIRTY-SEVENTH YEAR SALEM, OEZQON, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBEK 25, 1911. ON TB.AIN8 AJTD NSW PRICE TWO CENTS stands, mi cents BATTLE OF 1 All NEARS END That Russia Plans Winter March on Berlin Is Admitted ATTEMPT TO BOTTLE AUSTRIANS AT CRACOW This Would Permit Russians to Devote Entire Time to the Germans That the battle of the AUne was drawing to a clo.se, with signs of a German retirement from western Belgium, seemed to be the opinion at the British war office today. The German war office ap peared to think otherwise, how ever, declaring the kaiser's right was holding its own and that the French center was hard pressed. The French war office, taking its ally's view, professed to see indications of a weakening in the German defense. Generals Von Kluk and Von Boehm had been heavily rein forced, at any rate, and were maintaining their position at the angle of the Rivers Oise and Aisne. Briish troops had landed at Boulogne and Ostend to join a new French army in attempting to isolate Von Kluk and Von Boehm. The French declared their center was advancing. The Germans, however, con tinued their bombardment of the French fortifications from Verdun to Toul and declared they had repulsed all French attacks. There was not much change in conditions in Lorraine and the Vosges, fighting having been nearly suspended in the latter region on account of the snows. The Russians were showing increasing activity all the way from the Baltic to Austria's southern frontier. They were said to have 2,350,- 000 troops in the field. They were advancing against .fcast Prussia. In' Russian Poland they were driving tfie Germans up on their oases. In Oalieia, according to Petrograd accounts, they continued to clone in on Cracow. lnis the Austrian? denied, saying they had been successful everywhere in dalii'ia. Preparations were being made for a winter march by the Russians on Ber lin. The Servians reported repulsing an Austrian attempt to cross the Danube :it P.elgraile. The British, fearing a Zeppelin raid on Ostend Thursday foreshadowed ximilar attack on London, were said to have a biplane. flet ready, at Ostend to resist it. Belgium was reported to have re fused a German peace offer. Charges and counter charges of Atrocities by the fighting armies were made on both sides and on both sides denied. Bad weather was hampering opera tions in all quarters and greatly add ing to the soldiers' sufferings. Some anxiety was shown concerning the kaiser's cold, contracted while His Majesty was standing in a wet trench. Japanese Bed Cross nurses were pre paring to leave Tokio for the German frontier to care for wounded Russians. At Sea. An Anglo-French fleet seized Lissa, on the Austrian Island of Lissa giving the allies an Adriatic naval base. The Austrian navy seized Frederic Wilhelm, capital of Kaiserwilhelmslans, German New Guinea. AUSTRIANS REPULSED. N'ish. Servia, Sept. 25. The repulse of another Austrian attempt to cross the Punnhe at Belgrade was announced Tonay Dy me war oince nere. oeiore;f1;f!l0 4 jj the attempt was made, it was stated, Brooklyn' 1 5 the city was bombarded for five hours. I 3? jfC 3C fc 5c 3C ifc 3f 3( )C AFKAID OF INSANITY Oakland. ( al., Sept. 25. Al len M. Ripley, cashier for the Santa Fe railroad at the San Bablo Mt ri'i't station, committed "'iiciflo this morning by shoot- v4 himself in the month with because hp believed th "is jjvu'omlng insane. His i. t S.uillil by his wife ou ,lirn from the station whoi She had none at his request to report that he was too ill to work. When she returned home she .found the. following note beside Ripley's body: "Dearest I don't like to do this, sweetheart, but I am los ing my mind and rather than he a burden to yon, 1 will. God bless you, dearest, is my last wish. " Vours forever, Allen." Intimates It Will Insist on Right to Search Vessels Flying American Flag Washington, Sept. 27. The status of merchant vessels which change their registry under recently enacted laws of this country was occupying today the attention of British and French ambas sadors to the United States, as well of state department officials. The question was brought to a head by the transfer of the German steamer Sacra niento at San Francisco from the Ger man to the American flag. Sir Cecil Spring-It ire, the British am bassador, outlined the position of his government. He said that the case ot each vessel which changes its registry in war time will be treated separately by the British government. "The duty will devolve to the owner to prove that the transfer from the flag of a belligeiant to an American registry is bona fide he said. "Neutral ves sels frying the American flag or any other are subject to capture and investi gation by a prize court, if they are suspected of carrying contraband cargo, ani under the same theory a vessel whose change of registry is not be lieved to be bona fide must establish the validity of its transfer." The impression prevails among east ern shipping men that the British gov ernment renlly cares nothing for the transfer of an isolated steamer or two, or even more. What the British govern ment is trying to do is to prevent the transfer of a great fleet of German steamers such as the Hamburg-American and the North German Lloyd from Ger man registry. England fears that ninny vessels, if transferred, might bo the means of carrying much grain and other supplies to Germany through Holland. ft BASEBALL TODAY National. First game-- R. II. K. Cincinnati 0 7 1 Boston 2 7 1 ." R. II . E. Chicago 2 8 2 Philadelphia 3 11 1 Lavender nn I Archer; Baumgardner and Burns. (10 innings.) R. II. E. St. Louis 1 6 1 New Vork 3 7 2 Griuer and Wingo; Fronime and Mevers. R. H. E. Pittsburg 2 6 2 Brooklyn 3 ft 1 Kelley and Coleman; Reulbach and McCarty. Second game R. H. E. Cincinnati 3 7 2 Boston 4 7 1 Douglas anil Gonzales; .lames and Gowdy. American. R. H. E. Washington 1 3 2 Cleveland 3 7 2 Bentley ami Henry; Steen and Kgnn. R. H. E. Philadelphia 3 0 0 Chicago 1 4 2 Shawkey and Scbang; Walfgang and Schalk. R. H. E. New York 5 7 1 Detroit 4 11 5 Wnrhop and Nunamaker; Cavet and McKeo. B. H. E. I Boston 1 I St. Louis 10 Shore and Thomas; Hamilton and Ag new. Federal. B. H. E. Indianapolis 0 3 Pittsburg 1 0 1 Kaiserling and Bariden; Knetzer and Berry. B. H. E. St. Louis 5 7 1 Baltimore 2 7 2 Crandall and Chapman; Smith and Jacklitsch. B. H. E. Kansas City 4 8 0 Buffalo 2 5 2 Packard and Easterly; Anderson and I,n "igr.e. K. H. E. 1 t nnwncDniiQ mum unnuuiuuu uuuumu; ANOTHER 0 I LANDED TO E These Will Join New French Army Gathered From the South GENERAL BATTLE OF GREAT VIOLENCE jress Between Rivers Oise and Somme, Is Of ficial Statement By Ed L. Keen. London, Sept. 2o. That fresh lirit ish troops have landed at Ostend and Boulogne to join a new French army from a mobilization center in the south was learned here tonight. It was believed the allies were de pending on this army to complete the isolation of the German right and to envelop the forces under Generals Von Kluk and Von Boehm. Theie were signs of eager expectancy nt the war office, the end of the battle of the Aisne evidently being considered in sight The Dukes of Westminster and Marl borough, who have been in France, ar rived tonight with members of the French general staff and important dis patches for War Minister Lord Kitch ener, who went into conference with Premier Asquith immediately after reading the messages. It was said all reports indicated that the Germans were planning a retire ment from western Belgium. They had already dynamited a number of bridges west of Liege. , Battle Still Rages. Bordeaux, Sept. 2o. The war office issued the following statement this af ternoon: "On the French left a general action of great violence is now proceeding be tween a portion of our forces operating between the liivers Oise ami Somme and the army which the Germans have gathered in the region of Tegnier and St. Qnentin. "This latter army was formed by troops from the center of the enemy's line and from Lorruine and the Vosges, whom the Germans rushed ta. Cambrai by way of Liege. "North of the Aisne and in the vi cinity of Bcrry-Au-Bac the situation remains unchanged, with a gennrai bom bardment of the enemy's strong posi tions in progress. "At the center we are advancing from east of Hheims. "The enemy holds Varennes but thus far has been unable to advance beyond that point, all of his attacks having been repulsed. "On the right bank of the Meusc the enemy has gained a foothold ad vancing on the strong fortress of St. Michel ami meanwhile bombarding the smaller fortresses along the line. "Our troops have been able to ad vance from Toul in the direction of Beaumont, recently taken by the Ger mans." H. P. BUTTON MAKES ARGUMENT FOR DRYS Practically Opens Campaign Here Cites Pittsburg Employers, Guggen hcims, Rockefeller and Booth-Kelly as Indorsing It. When it comes down to pure business principles in the economy of running a manufacturing plant, in securing ef ficiency of workmen, and in reducing accidents, the men who nre behind the business interests of the eouutiy want dry towns and state), were some of the statements made by R. P. Button last night at the V. M.'C. A. at the Marion county business men's luncheon, at whieh he spoke in behalf of Pittsburg business men in a "Message from the Pittsburg Board of Trade." "It was because the Pittsburg busi ness men and manufacturers," declared Mr. Hutton, "found that niost of their men had not recovered Monday from Saturday night and Sunday debauches in the open saloons that as a conse quence their mills were largly idle on 2 1 mat nay, and Decause or tne condition 01 tne men most or tr.eir accidents were found to happen on that day, that the Pittsburg business men petitioned con gress to have the dry amendment sub mitted for national prohibition. Over 600 of Pittsburg business men signed the petition. "Get behind the movement for a dry state and a dry nation," he stated, "s it bas been found to boost dividends of the manufacturing plants and increase the efficiency of the workman. The West Virginia Lumber Industries as sociation, the National Foundrymen's association, and 98 per cent of the rail- 0 roads of America have taken action 1 R1K FRENCH MEXICO "CUT OUT." Washington, Sept. 25. Secre tary of War Garrison cabled Genenl Funston at Vera Cruz today that it would be impos sible for American troops to withdraw from Mexico within the next ten days. Despite the announcement at the White House that the Amer ican evacuation of Vera Cruz would not be delayed, it was learned from an authoritative source today that the departure of the troops probably will be indefintely suspended on the pretext of civil and diplomatic difficulties, pending the out come of the break between Pres ident Carranza ami General Villa. It was known, however, that seven transports were load ing military supplies at Vera Cruz. Communication between Wash ington and Mexico City was cut this afternoon. Following the receipt of General Fun ston 's report that the wires were, cut west of Vera Cruz, General Bliss at H Paso wired that ill wires were down south of Laredo, Eaglf Pass and Juarez. Expert Points Out Effects of Movement and Objects Sought By Them Ey J. W. T. Mason, former London Cor respondent of the United Press. New Vork. Sept. 2J. The Franco- British allies evidently were engaged today in testing the new Germau front which was formerly General Von Kink's famous right winv. The fighting in this Virea 'undoubtedly consists of a serie of reconnaissances to determine the strength of the Ger man lines running along the Rivers Oise and Aisne back into Belgium. Should these tests reveal any weak ness, presumably a sudden concentra tion of the allied forces will be brougiit to bear at that point in an effort to break the kaiser's western front. Peronne, which the allies occupied Thursday, is half way along this fight ing line. It commands important hiuh- wnys leading from several directions leading to the German positions. It is also one of the keys to the heights of the River Somme, along which extends a continuation of the ltheim.s,Laon-La Fere line of fortifications now in the Germans possession. A successful drive through the Ger man lines from Peronne would cut Gen eral Von Kluk s and General Von Boehm s armies in two, but this nos sibility is now remote 011 account of he strength of the German field de fenses. Rather, it may be the allies' strategy to move a large force into Belgium and seek to crush Von Boehm 's front at an angle where it swings through Belgian territory to tne eastward. This operation would be a dupliea tion at the German square's northwest ern comer of the sledge hammer blows which Von Kluk has thus far success fully resisted at the southwestern cor ner. Von Boehm 's angle probablv is not far from Brussels ami for this reason the vicinity of Waterloo may, after aTi, see tne decisive battle of the German invasion of Belgium and France, with Belgian troops again playing an im portant part in tne tield operations. along with the Pittsburg people ou mis line. "The Colorado Fuel and Iron com pany was wet this summer and has now gone dry because when the saloons were closed by the troops their output in creased 11 per cent. This company is owned by the Guggeutipims and Rocke feller. Along with this company are the Booth-Kelly Lumber company of Kiifcne, the Northwest Door company of Portland, and the Baker White Pine company." As a climax to his speech he urged the people of Salem to advertise it as "dry," as in that way it would at tract hundreds of business men look ing for a saloonless town ill which to start factories and businesses. He said that 585 business men of Portland are backing a movement to advertise Ore gon as the driest state in the Union, and that 150 business men of Eugene pledged $1000 to get the dry banner for Lane county. Mayor B. L. Steeves presided at the meeting, which was well attended by representative citizens of the city. PASSED WAR TAX BILL Washington, Sept. 25. Rep resentative Paynes motion to recommit the war tax bill was defeated in the house this after noon without a roll call. A roll call was then begun on the final passage of the bill. It passed by a vote of 234 to 135. ENGLAND UNFAIR IN NEWS CENSORSHIP E President of United Press Says It Is Not Censorship But Suppression DOCTOR GERMAN NEWS EVEN THAT BY MAIL No Credence Should Be Given Stories of Atrocities Until Other Side is Heard New York, Sept. 25. Roy W. Howard, president of the rnite.il Press Association, returned today on the liner Maurentania from Europe. He visited England, Franco, Holland, Bel gian and Germany. " Until the present British censor ship is altered," ho said, "it will be impossible tor Americans to form an unbiased opinion or judge fairly from cable reports of day by day develop ments of the war. Eliminating con sideration of the international ques tions involved, tho fact remains that the press censorship in London is at variance with British ideas of fair play and the fact apparently is appre ciated and deplored by all Englishmen save the few on the censorship desk. "Every cablegram to America passes through the hands of the British or allied censors. Admittedly the English censorship dominates the I'rench. No one can question the right of the British to maintain a vigorous censor ship but the present organisation dos not censor the news. It .limply sup presses it. ' "The suppression of any and all German news is now being extended in London to the mails. Learning that the United Press was sending German news from The Hague to London for re-sending to New York, the British censor now opens every letter before delivery to our London office. Some of tho censored letters are delivered, some are not. "Other American news agencies are having the same experience, and as a result the best German news reaching the United States (except that sent by limited wireless accommodations) is matter now sent by courier via Hol land and then to the United States by American ships. Consequently, in spite of the best efforts of American news papers, the cable nev. reaching Amer ica filters through anti-German chan nels. "It requires no partisan bias to force one to conclude that German v's side. of such matters as the reported atro cities in Belgium must be hoard be fore fair judgment can be reached by neutral Americans. Even though one doubts Germany's ability to explain away the charges made against her troops, the spirit of fairplay requires a protest against condemning her un der the lynch law being practiced by the British censors, which permits the world to hear only the indictment nid no word of defense from Germany. "As bail ns the situation has been and is from the viewpoint of neutral and disinterested news gatherers, there is nothing to indicate, that the attitude of the censors is supported by the British people. The difficulty is one primarily to England's unfiiiniliarity with handling a censorship and tho un fortunate selection of the men for the work. "I have every reason to believe that a withholding of favorable public opin ion by Americ ans, (and favorable opin ion is what both sides openly court) until the present condition is remedied, will do more to correct the trouble quickly than any other single thing." I GET STRATEGIC POSITIONS. Rome, Sept. 25. Anglo-French naval forces today occupied the city of Lissa, on Lissa island, i the Adriatic off tho Dalmatian coast. The capture by British and French marines followed a bombardment. The Austrian garrison was taken prisoner. Tho occupation had some importance, in that it gave the allies an Adriatic naval base. It was expected the Aus trian .fleet would attempt to recapture the island, precipitating a big naval battle. Oregon: Tonight anil Saturday un settled, probably rain; southerly winds. TELLS BUT ONE SID The Weather WEATHER GETS BUSY. The Hague, Sept 23. Mili tary operations in nearly all fields were much hampered to day by increasingly bad weather. After a ahort lull rains had again commenced in northeast ern France. There were snows in the Vosges. In East Prussia a heavy downpour continued. Sleet and rain were falling in Gnlicia. The troops not only suffered untold discomforts, but out breaks of disease were threat ened among them ns a result of their hardships. Artillery ma neuvering was greatly handi capped. IMPORTANT (JAINS Fighting Is Constant, Artillery Duels by Day, Fierce As saults at Night Paris, Scut. 25. Gains by the allies in the battle of the Aisne were claimed today by military authorities here. The fighting, it was suid, wus con ttaut artillery duels by day; fierce assaults ond coulter nssuults by night. The following occifinl statement was issued; "The fighting 011 our left continues. It is marked by almost uninterrupted artillery firing. "The allies have made another slight gain. "The engagement is very fierce on the heights of the Meuse. The enemy continues his bombardment of the Mouse forts, which are maintaining their defense. "On the whole, the situation shows a steady improvement from our stand point. "The enemy is most powerfully en trenched but nowhere at our left or renter hns h bn able to miime the offensive. "The morale of our army is excel lent." Experts said indications were that the Lnon-Saine (jueutiu-Cunibrni road soon would be ngaiii tho scene of the supremo struggle. Official reports emphasized the as sertion that the landwehr anil reserves were now on the German firing line, which was interpreted as meaning that the first line had suffered so heavily as to necessitate the bringing up of re serves to fill the gaps. It was again ruining and the battle was progressing under conditions of the greatest hardship. CANDIDATES WILL GET NAMES ON BALLOTS Yesterday was the last dav for the filing of statements by candidates to be printed in the pamphlets which are distribute! among the voters of the state. The following statements for candidates of the republican party were filed by C. B. Moores, chairman of the state central committee: C. X. McArthur, for representative in congress, Third congressional district; W. C. llawlcy. fur representative in congress, First congressional district; .liimes Withycombe, for governor; Thns. II. Kay, for state treasurer; Henry L. Benson, for justice of tiie supreme court; Thus. A. McBride, for justice of the supreme court; Marry J. Itcnn. for justice of the supreme court; Geo. M. Brown, for attorney general. The democratic state central com mittee, by B. E. Haney, chairman, filed separate statements of the following candidates: George E. Chamberlain, for United States senator; Win. M. Ramsey, for justice of the supreme court; Win. Gal loway, for justice of the supreme court; John A. Jeffrey, for attorney general; A. F. Flegel, for representative in con Kress, Third congressional district; B. Lee Paget, for state treasurer; C. J. Smith, for governor; Frederick Ilollis ter, for representative in congress, First congressional district; Jos. N. Scott, for state senator, Nineteenth district. The progressive state central com mittee, T. B. Neuhnusen, chairman, filed separate statements of the follow ing candidates: William Ilanley, for United States senator; F. M. Gill, for governor; A. H. Burton, for superintendent of public in struction; Arthur I. Moulton, for rep resentative in congress, Third congres sional district. The Oregon prohibition state commit tee, J. P. Newell, chairman, filed sepa rate statements of the following can didates: George L. Cleaver, for representative in congress, Second congressional dis trict; Curtis P. Coe, tor representative in congress, First congressional district. A. W. Lafferty filed a statement as independent candidate for representa tive in congress, Third congressional district. R. A. Booth filed statement as Re publican candidate for United States senator. Will E. Purdy filed statement as non-partisan candidate for governor. W. 8. U'Ren filed statement as in dependent candidate for governor. R ARMY NUMBERS 2,350,000 French War Office Thinks the German. Defense Is Weakening GERMANS SAY FRENCH ARE HARD PRESSED Russians in Poland Are Dry ing the Germans Back On Their Bases Petrograd, Sept. 25. The Russians were assuming a vig orous aggressive all along their line .today. It was believed here that the general advance westward had begun. That a winter march on Ber lin was planned was practically admitted. Cold weather sup plies were being rushed to the front. The number of troops in the field was 2,350,000. General Rennenkamp, in the extreme north, was again push ing across the frontier of East Prussia. In Hussian Poland the Ger man invaders were being driven back upon their bases. In Galicia the czar's advance was being pressed, despite heavy cold rain3 and almost bot tomlessly muddy roads. The line extended from the Baltic along the East Prussian frontier, then along a zig zag front to the southwestward through Russian Poland as far as the Carpathian foothills and back again to the southeastward ilong the Carpathians through Galicia and Bukovina provinces to the Rumanian frontier. There were several armies along this line but they were co operating with one another and from the general staff's stand point really constituted a single huge force. The Germans evidently had prepared to make their stand along the fortified line on the Vistula river, extending south from Danzig. It was admitted by military, experts that it was hoped to drive the Austrians into Craciw and bottle them up, that the Russians might be free to de vote practically their whole at tention to the Germans. WILL HOLD UP BILL. Washington, Sept. 2r. Because of re ports indicating the possibility of the defeat of both the rule and the bill, tha democratic members of the house rules committee secretly agreed this after noon to hold up temporarily the fram ing of the rule for the passage of tha ship purchase bill. FLEW TO LOS ANGELES. San Diego, Oil., Sept. 2.Y Silas Christofferson, driving his own aero plane, with C. French as mechanician, left here at 10 o'clock this morning for Los Angeles, where he expects to have his machine overhauled for the govern ment contests at North Island in this city next month. Ho carried Lieuten ant Morrow of the government aviation school here as a passenger on the Los Angeles trip. They expected to reach. Los Angeles by noon. SWITZERLAND REFUSED. Rome, Sept. 25. Switzerland has re fused a German request that three corps of the kaiser's troops be passed through Swiss territory, according to a Basel dispatch to the Giornale D 'Italia today. BELGIUM SATS NO. Antwerp, Sept. 25. That Germany had made a peace offer to Belgium and that King Albert had refused it was asserted today by the foreign office here.