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Daily capital journal. (Salem, Oregon) 1903-1919, September 25, 1914, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn99063957/1914-09-25/ed-1/seq-1/

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Full
Leased Wire
Dispatches
Today's News
Printed Today
THIRTY-SEVENTH YEAR
SALEM, OEZQON, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBEK 25, 1911.
ON TB.AIN8 AJTD NSW
PRICE TWO CENTS stands, mi cents
BATTLE OF
1 All
NEARS END
That Russia Plans Winter
March on Berlin Is
Admitted
ATTEMPT TO BOTTLE
AUSTRIANS AT CRACOW
This Would Permit Russians
to Devote Entire Time to
the Germans
That the battle of the AUne
was drawing to a clo.se, with
signs of a German retirement
from western Belgium, seemed
to be the opinion at the British
war office today.
The German war office ap
peared to think otherwise, how
ever, declaring the kaiser's right
was holding its own and that
the French center was hard
pressed.
The French war office, taking
its ally's view, professed to see
indications of a weakening in
the German defense.
Generals Von Kluk and Von
Boehm had been heavily rein
forced, at any rate, and were
maintaining their position at
the angle of the Rivers Oise and
Aisne.
Briish troops had landed at
Boulogne and Ostend to join a
new French army in attempting
to isolate Von Kluk and Von
Boehm.
The French declared their
center was advancing.
The Germans, however, con
tinued their bombardment of
the French fortifications from
Verdun to Toul and declared
they had repulsed all French
attacks.
There was not much change
in conditions in Lorraine and
the Vosges, fighting having
been nearly suspended in the
latter region on account of the
snows.
The Russians were showing
increasing activity all the way
from the Baltic to Austria's
southern frontier.
They were said to have 2,350,-
000 troops in the field.
They were advancing against
.fcast Prussia.
In' Russian Poland they were
driving tfie Germans up on their
oases.
In Oalieia, according to Petrograd
accounts, they continued to clone in on
Cracow.
lnis the Austrian? denied, saying
they had been successful everywhere
in dalii'ia.
Preparations were being made for a
winter march by the Russians on Ber
lin.
The Servians reported repulsing an
Austrian attempt to cross the Danube
:it P.elgraile.
The British, fearing a Zeppelin raid
on Ostend Thursday foreshadowed
ximilar attack on London, were said to
have a biplane. flet ready, at Ostend
to resist it.
Belgium was reported to have re
fused a German peace offer.
Charges and counter charges of
Atrocities by the fighting armies were
made on both sides and on both sides
denied.
Bad weather was hampering opera
tions in all quarters and greatly add
ing to the soldiers' sufferings.
Some anxiety was shown concerning
the kaiser's cold, contracted while His
Majesty was standing in a wet trench.
Japanese Bed Cross nurses were pre
paring to leave Tokio for the German
frontier to care for wounded Russians.
At Sea.
An Anglo-French fleet seized Lissa,
on the Austrian Island of Lissa giving
the allies an Adriatic naval base.
The Austrian navy seized Frederic
Wilhelm, capital of Kaiserwilhelmslans,
German New Guinea.
AUSTRIANS REPULSED.
N'ish. Servia, Sept. 25. The repulse
of another Austrian attempt to cross
the Punnhe at Belgrade was announced
Tonay Dy me war oince nere. oeiore;f1;f!l0 4 jj
the attempt was made, it was stated, Brooklyn' 1 5
the city was bombarded for five hours. I
3? jfC 3C fc 5c 3C ifc 3f 3( )C
AFKAID OF INSANITY
Oakland. ( al., Sept. 25. Al
len M. Ripley, cashier for the
Santa Fe railroad at the San
Bablo Mt ri'i't station, committed
"'iiciflo this morning by shoot-
v4
himself in the month with
because hp believed
th "is jjvu'omlng insane.
His i. t S.uillil by his
wife ou ,lirn from the
station whoi She had none at
his request to report that he
was too ill to work. When she
returned home she .found the.
following note beside Ripley's
body:
"Dearest I don't like to do
this, sweetheart, but I am los
ing my mind and rather than
he a burden to yon, 1 will. God
bless you, dearest, is my last
wish.
" Vours forever, Allen."
Intimates It Will Insist on
Right to Search Vessels
Flying American Flag
Washington, Sept. 27. The status of
merchant vessels which change their
registry under recently enacted laws of
this country was occupying today the
attention of British and French ambas
sadors to the United States, as well
of state department officials. The
question was brought to a head by the
transfer of the German steamer Sacra
niento at San Francisco from the Ger
man to the American flag.
Sir Cecil Spring-It ire, the British am
bassador, outlined the position of his
government. He said that the case ot
each vessel which changes its registry
in war time will be treated separately
by the British government.
"The duty will devolve to the owner
to prove that the transfer from the flag
of a belligeiant to an American registry
is bona fide he said. "Neutral ves
sels frying the American flag or any
other are subject to capture and investi
gation by a prize court, if they are
suspected of carrying contraband cargo,
ani under the same theory a vessel
whose change of registry is not be
lieved to be bona fide must establish
the validity of its transfer."
The impression prevails among east
ern shipping men that the British gov
ernment renlly cares nothing for the
transfer of an isolated steamer or two,
or even more. What the British govern
ment is trying to do is to prevent the
transfer of a great fleet of German
steamers such as the Hamburg-American
and the North German Lloyd from Ger
man registry. England fears that ninny
vessels, if transferred, might bo the
means of carrying much grain and other
supplies to Germany through Holland.
ft
BASEBALL TODAY
National.
First game-- R. II. K.
Cincinnati 0 7 1
Boston 2 7 1
." R. II . E.
Chicago 2 8 2
Philadelphia 3 11 1
Lavender nn I Archer; Baumgardner
and Burns. (10 innings.)
R. II. E.
St. Louis 1 6 1
New Vork 3 7 2
Griuer and Wingo; Fronime and
Mevers.
R. H. E.
Pittsburg 2 6 2
Brooklyn 3 ft 1
Kelley and Coleman; Reulbach and
McCarty.
Second game R. H. E.
Cincinnati 3 7 2
Boston 4 7 1
Douglas anil Gonzales; .lames and
Gowdy.
American.
R. H. E.
Washington 1 3 2
Cleveland 3 7 2
Bentley ami Henry; Steen and Kgnn.
R. H. E.
Philadelphia 3 0 0
Chicago 1 4 2
Shawkey and Scbang; Walfgang and
Schalk.
R. H. E.
New York 5 7 1
Detroit 4 11 5
Wnrhop and Nunamaker; Cavet and
McKeo.
B. H. E.
I Boston 1
I St. Louis 10
Shore and Thomas; Hamilton and Ag
new. Federal.
B. H. E.
Indianapolis 0 3
Pittsburg 1 0 1
Kaiserling and Bariden; Knetzer and
Berry.
B. H. E.
St. Louis 5 7 1
Baltimore 2 7 2
Crandall and Chapman; Smith and
Jacklitsch.
B. H. E.
Kansas City 4 8 0
Buffalo 2 5 2
Packard and Easterly; Anderson and
I,n "igr.e.
K. H. E.
1
t
nnwncDniiQ mum
unnuuiuuu uuuumu;
ANOTHER 0
I LANDED TO
E
These Will Join New French
Army Gathered From
the South
GENERAL BATTLE
OF GREAT VIOLENCE
jress Between Rivers
Oise and Somme, Is Of
ficial Statement
By Ed L. Keen.
London, Sept. 2o. That fresh lirit
ish troops have landed at Ostend and
Boulogne to join a new French army
from a mobilization center in the south
was learned here tonight.
It was believed the allies were de
pending on this army to complete the
isolation of the German right and to
envelop the forces under Generals Von
Kluk and Von Boehm.
Theie were signs of eager expectancy
nt the war office, the end of the battle
of the Aisne evidently being considered
in sight
The Dukes of Westminster and Marl
borough, who have been in France, ar
rived tonight with members of the
French general staff and important dis
patches for War Minister Lord Kitch
ener, who went into conference with
Premier Asquith immediately after
reading the messages.
It was said all reports indicated that
the Germans were planning a retire
ment from western Belgium. They had
already dynamited a number of bridges
west of Liege. ,
Battle Still Rages.
Bordeaux, Sept. 2o. The war office
issued the following statement this af
ternoon: "On the French left a general action
of great violence is now proceeding be
tween a portion of our forces operating
between the liivers Oise ami Somme
and the army which the Germans have
gathered in the region of Tegnier and
St. Qnentin.
"This latter army was formed by
troops from the center of the enemy's
line and from Lorruine and the Vosges,
whom the Germans rushed ta. Cambrai
by way of Liege.
"North of the Aisne and in the vi
cinity of Bcrry-Au-Bac the situation
remains unchanged, with a gennrai bom
bardment of the enemy's strong posi
tions in progress.
"At the center we are advancing
from east of Hheims.
"The enemy holds Varennes but thus
far has been unable to advance beyond
that point, all of his attacks having
been repulsed.
"On the right bank of the Meusc
the enemy has gained a foothold ad
vancing on the strong fortress of St.
Michel ami meanwhile bombarding the
smaller fortresses along the line.
"Our troops have been able to ad
vance from Toul in the direction of
Beaumont, recently taken by the Ger
mans." H. P. BUTTON MAKES
ARGUMENT FOR DRYS
Practically Opens Campaign Here
Cites Pittsburg Employers, Guggen
hcims, Rockefeller and Booth-Kelly
as Indorsing It.
When it comes down to pure business
principles in the economy of running
a manufacturing plant, in securing ef
ficiency of workmen, and in reducing
accidents, the men who nre behind the
business interests of the eouutiy want
dry towns and state), were some of the
statements made by R. P. Button last
night at the V. M.'C. A. at the Marion
county business men's luncheon, at
whieh he spoke in behalf of Pittsburg
business men in a "Message from the
Pittsburg Board of Trade."
"It was because the Pittsburg busi
ness men and manufacturers," declared
Mr. Hutton, "found that niost of their
men had not recovered Monday from
Saturday night and Sunday debauches
in the open saloons that as a conse
quence their mills were largly idle on
2 1 mat nay, and Decause or tne condition
01 tne men most or tr.eir accidents were
found to happen on that day, that the
Pittsburg business men petitioned con
gress to have the dry amendment sub
mitted for national prohibition. Over
600 of Pittsburg business men signed
the petition.
"Get behind the movement for a dry
state and a dry nation," he stated, "s
it bas been found to boost dividends of
the manufacturing plants and increase
the efficiency of the workman. The
West Virginia Lumber Industries as
sociation, the National Foundrymen's
association, and 98 per cent of the rail-
0 roads of America have taken action
1
R1K
FRENCH
MEXICO "CUT OUT."
Washington, Sept. 25. Secre
tary of War Garrison cabled
Genenl Funston at Vera Cruz
today that it would be impos
sible for American troops to
withdraw from Mexico within
the next ten days.
Despite the announcement at
the White House that the Amer
ican evacuation of Vera Cruz
would not be delayed, it was
learned from an authoritative
source today that the departure
of the troops probably will be
indefintely suspended on the
pretext of civil and diplomatic
difficulties, pending the out
come of the break between Pres
ident Carranza ami General
Villa. It was known, however,
that seven transports were load
ing military supplies at Vera
Cruz.
Communication between Wash
ington and Mexico City was
cut this afternoon. Following
the receipt of General Fun
ston 's report that the wires
were, cut west of Vera Cruz,
General Bliss at H Paso wired
that ill wires were down south
of Laredo, Eaglf Pass and
Juarez.
Expert Points Out Effects of
Movement and Objects
Sought By Them
Ey J. W. T. Mason, former London Cor
respondent of the United Press.
New Vork. Sept. 2J. The Franco-
British allies evidently were engaged
today in testing the new Germau front
which was formerly General Von
Kink's famous right winv.
The fighting in this Virea 'undoubtedly
consists of a serie of reconnaissances
to determine the strength of the Ger
man lines running along the Rivers Oise
and Aisne back into Belgium.
Should these tests reveal any weak
ness, presumably a sudden concentra
tion of the allied forces will be brougiit
to bear at that point in an effort to
break the kaiser's western front.
Peronne, which the allies occupied
Thursday, is half way along this fight
ing line. It commands important hiuh-
wnys leading from several directions
leading to the German positions. It is
also one of the keys to the heights of
the River Somme, along which extends
a continuation of the ltheim.s,Laon-La
Fere line of fortifications now in the
Germans possession.
A successful drive through the Ger
man lines from Peronne would cut Gen
eral Von Kluk s and General Von
Boehm s armies in two, but this nos
sibility is now remote 011 account of
he strength of the German field de
fenses.
Rather, it may be the allies' strategy
to move a large force into Belgium and
seek to crush Von Boehm 's front at an
angle where it swings through Belgian
territory to tne eastward.
This operation would be a dupliea
tion at the German square's northwest
ern comer of the sledge hammer blows
which Von Kluk has thus far success
fully resisted at the southwestern cor
ner.
Von Boehm 's angle probablv is not
far from Brussels ami for this reason
the vicinity of Waterloo may, after aTi,
see tne decisive battle of the German
invasion of Belgium and France, with
Belgian troops again playing an im
portant part in tne tield operations.
along with the Pittsburg people ou
mis line.
"The Colorado Fuel and Iron com
pany was wet this summer and has now
gone dry because when the saloons were
closed by the troops their output in
creased 11 per cent. This company is
owned by the Guggeutipims and Rocke
feller. Along with this company are
the Booth-Kelly Lumber company of
Kiifcne, the Northwest Door company
of Portland, and the Baker White Pine
company."
As a climax to his speech he urged
the people of Salem to advertise it as
"dry," as in that way it would at
tract hundreds of business men look
ing for a saloonless town ill which to
start factories and businesses. He said
that 585 business men of Portland are
backing a movement to advertise Ore
gon as the driest state in the Union,
and that 150 business men of Eugene
pledged $1000 to get the dry banner
for Lane county.
Mayor B. L. Steeves presided at the
meeting, which was well attended by
representative citizens of the city.
PASSED WAR TAX BILL
Washington, Sept. 25. Rep
resentative Paynes motion to
recommit the war tax bill was
defeated in the house this after
noon without a roll call. A roll
call was then begun on the final
passage of the bill. It passed
by a vote of 234 to 135.
ENGLAND UNFAIR IN
NEWS CENSORSHIP
E
President of United Press
Says It Is Not Censorship
But Suppression
DOCTOR GERMAN NEWS
EVEN THAT BY MAIL
No Credence Should Be Given
Stories of Atrocities Until
Other Side is Heard
New York, Sept. 25. Roy W.
Howard, president of the rnite.il Press
Association, returned today on the
liner Maurentania from Europe. He
visited England, Franco, Holland, Bel
gian and Germany.
" Until the present British censor
ship is altered," ho said, "it will be
impossible tor Americans to form an
unbiased opinion or judge fairly from
cable reports of day by day develop
ments of the war. Eliminating con
sideration of the international ques
tions involved, tho fact remains that
the press censorship in London is at
variance with British ideas of fair
play and the fact apparently is appre
ciated and deplored by all Englishmen
save the few on the censorship desk.
"Every cablegram to America passes
through the hands of the British or
allied censors. Admittedly the English
censorship dominates the I'rench. No
one can question the right of the
British to maintain a vigorous censor
ship but the present organisation dos
not censor the news. It .limply sup
presses it. '
"The suppression of any and all
German news is now being extended in
London to the mails. Learning that
the United Press was sending German
news from The Hague to London for
re-sending to New York, the British
censor now opens every letter before
delivery to our London office. Some
of tho censored letters are delivered,
some are not.
"Other American news agencies are
having the same experience, and as a
result the best German news reaching
the United States (except that sent by
limited wireless accommodations) is
matter now sent by courier via Hol
land and then to the United States by
American ships. Consequently, in spite
of the best efforts of American news
papers, the cable nev. reaching Amer
ica filters through anti-German chan
nels. "It requires no partisan bias to force
one to conclude that German v's side.
of such matters as the reported atro
cities in Belgium must be hoard be
fore fair judgment can be reached by
neutral Americans. Even though one
doubts Germany's ability to explain
away the charges made against her
troops, the spirit of fairplay requires
a protest against condemning her un
der the lynch law being practiced by
the British censors, which permits the
world to hear only the indictment nid
no word of defense from Germany.
"As bail ns the situation has been
and is from the viewpoint of neutral
and disinterested news gatherers, there
is nothing to indicate, that the attitude
of the censors is supported by the
British people. The difficulty is one
primarily to England's unfiiiniliarity
with handling a censorship and tho un
fortunate selection of the men for the
work.
"I have every reason to believe that
a withholding of favorable public opin
ion by Americ ans, (and favorable opin
ion is what both sides openly court)
until the present condition is remedied,
will do more to correct the trouble
quickly than any other single thing."
I GET STRATEGIC POSITIONS.
Rome, Sept. 25. Anglo-French naval
forces today occupied the city of Lissa,
on Lissa island, i the Adriatic off tho
Dalmatian coast.
The capture by British and French
marines followed a bombardment. The
Austrian garrison was taken prisoner.
Tho occupation had some importance,
in that it gave the allies an Adriatic
naval base. It was expected the Aus
trian .fleet would attempt to recapture
the island, precipitating a big naval
battle.
Oregon: Tonight
anil Saturday un
settled, probably
rain; southerly
winds.
TELLS BUT ONE SID
The Weather
WEATHER GETS BUSY.
The Hague, Sept 23. Mili
tary operations in nearly all
fields were much hampered to
day by increasingly bad weather.
After a ahort lull rains had
again commenced in northeast
ern France. There were snows
in the Vosges. In East Prussia
a heavy downpour continued.
Sleet and rain were falling in
Gnlicia.
The troops not only suffered
untold discomforts, but out
breaks of disease were threat
ened among them ns a result of
their hardships. Artillery ma
neuvering was greatly handi
capped. IMPORTANT (JAINS
Fighting Is Constant, Artillery
Duels by Day, Fierce As
saults at Night
Paris, Scut. 25. Gains by the allies
in the battle of the Aisne were claimed
today by military authorities here.
The fighting, it was suid, wus con
ttaut artillery duels by day; fierce
assaults ond coulter nssuults by night.
The following occifinl statement was
issued;
"The fighting 011 our left continues.
It is marked by almost uninterrupted
artillery firing.
"The allies have made another slight
gain.
"The engagement is very fierce on
the heights of the Meuse. The enemy
continues his bombardment of the
Mouse forts, which are maintaining
their defense.
"On the whole, the situation shows
a steady improvement from our stand
point. "The enemy is most powerfully en
trenched but nowhere at our left or
renter hns h bn able to miime the
offensive.
"The morale of our army is excel
lent." Experts said indications were that
the Lnon-Saine (jueutiu-Cunibrni road
soon would be ngaiii tho scene of the
supremo struggle.
Official reports emphasized the as
sertion that the landwehr anil reserves
were now on the German firing line,
which was interpreted as meaning that
the first line had suffered so heavily
as to necessitate the bringing up of re
serves to fill the gaps.
It was again ruining and the battle
was progressing under conditions of the
greatest hardship.
CANDIDATES WILL
GET NAMES ON BALLOTS
Yesterday was the last dav for the
filing of statements by candidates to
be printed in the pamphlets which are
distribute! among the voters of the
state. The following statements for
candidates of the republican party were
filed by C. B. Moores, chairman of the
state central committee:
C. X. McArthur, for representative in
congress, Third congressional district;
W. C. llawlcy. fur representative in
congress, First congressional district;
.liimes Withycombe, for governor; Thns.
II. Kay, for state treasurer; Henry L.
Benson, for justice of tiie supreme
court; Thus. A. McBride, for justice of
the supreme court; Marry J. Itcnn. for
justice of the supreme court; Geo. M.
Brown, for attorney general.
The democratic state central com
mittee, by B. E. Haney, chairman, filed
separate statements of the following
candidates:
George E. Chamberlain, for United
States senator; Win. M. Ramsey, for
justice of the supreme court; Win. Gal
loway, for justice of the supreme court;
John A. Jeffrey, for attorney general;
A. F. Flegel, for representative in con
Kress, Third congressional district; B.
Lee Paget, for state treasurer; C. J.
Smith, for governor; Frederick Ilollis
ter, for representative in congress, First
congressional district; Jos. N. Scott, for
state senator, Nineteenth district.
The progressive state central com
mittee, T. B. Neuhnusen, chairman,
filed separate statements of the follow
ing candidates:
William Ilanley, for United States
senator; F. M. Gill, for governor; A. H.
Burton, for superintendent of public in
struction; Arthur I. Moulton, for rep
resentative in congress, Third congres
sional district.
The Oregon prohibition state commit
tee, J. P. Newell, chairman, filed sepa
rate statements of the following can
didates: George L. Cleaver, for representative
in congress, Second congressional dis
trict; Curtis P. Coe, tor representative
in congress, First congressional district.
A. W. Lafferty filed a statement as
independent candidate for representa
tive in congress, Third congressional
district.
R. A. Booth filed statement as Re
publican candidate for United States
senator.
Will E. Purdy filed statement as
non-partisan candidate for governor.
W. 8. U'Ren filed statement as in
dependent candidate for governor.
R ARMY
NUMBERS
2,350,000
French War Office Thinks
the German. Defense Is
Weakening
GERMANS SAY FRENCH
ARE HARD PRESSED
Russians in Poland Are Dry
ing the Germans Back
On Their Bases
Petrograd, Sept. 25. The
Russians were assuming a vig
orous aggressive all along their
line .today.
It was believed here that the
general advance westward had
begun.
That a winter march on Ber
lin was planned was practically
admitted. Cold weather sup
plies were being rushed to the
front.
The number of troops in the
field was 2,350,000.
General Rennenkamp, in the
extreme north, was again push
ing across the frontier of East
Prussia.
In Hussian Poland the Ger
man invaders were being driven
back upon their bases.
In Galicia the czar's advance
was being pressed, despite
heavy cold rain3 and almost bot
tomlessly muddy roads.
The line extended from the
Baltic along the East Prussian
frontier, then along a zig zag
front to the southwestward
through Russian Poland as far
as the Carpathian foothills and
back again to the southeastward
ilong the Carpathians through
Galicia and Bukovina provinces
to the Rumanian frontier.
There were several armies
along this line but they were co
operating with one another and
from the general staff's stand
point really constituted a single
huge force.
The Germans evidently had
prepared to make their stand
along the fortified line on the
Vistula river, extending south
from Danzig.
It was admitted by military,
experts that it was hoped to
drive the Austrians into Craciw
and bottle them up, that the
Russians might be free to de
vote practically their whole at
tention to the Germans.
WILL HOLD UP BILL.
Washington, Sept. 2r. Because of re
ports indicating the possibility of the
defeat of both the rule and the bill, tha
democratic members of the house rules
committee secretly agreed this after
noon to hold up temporarily the fram
ing of the rule for the passage of tha
ship purchase bill.
FLEW TO LOS ANGELES.
San Diego, Oil., Sept. 2.Y Silas
Christofferson, driving his own aero
plane, with C. French as mechanician,
left here at 10 o'clock this morning for
Los Angeles, where he expects to have
his machine overhauled for the govern
ment contests at North Island in this
city next month. Ho carried Lieuten
ant Morrow of the government aviation
school here as a passenger on the Los
Angeles trip. They expected to reach.
Los Angeles by noon.
SWITZERLAND REFUSED.
Rome, Sept. 25. Switzerland has re
fused a German request that three
corps of the kaiser's troops be passed
through Swiss territory, according to a
Basel dispatch to the Giornale D 'Italia
today.
BELGIUM SATS NO.
Antwerp, Sept. 25. That Germany
had made a peace offer to Belgium and
that King Albert had refused it was
asserted today by the foreign office
here.

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