OVER 4000 DAILY
FORTIETH YEAR NO. 3
SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 1917
Ttrtinv Twn rxinno on trains and nv.wh
" V lO STANDS FIVE fiElITS
uti Internal Troubles Are To
Be Avoided Must Have
Peace in Six Months"
PEOPLE HAVE REACHED
LIMIT OF ENDURANCE
Captured Territory Gives
Them 26,000,000 More J
to Furnish with Food
By Ed If. Keen
(United Press staff correspondent)
London, Jan. 3. Authentic official
information substantiating picas re
ports of the seriousness of internal con
ditions in the central powers were in
strumental iu the allies' decision to
t in a deaf ear to peace pleas.
Jt was believed here today this be
lief will be strongly reflected in the
phrases with which England and her
.illies will ranter President Wilson's
note. The re-ply was said to be fully
drafted today. Its despatch is immi
nent. In the light of official information
the allies are all the more convinced
that Germany's peace pleas were put
forth in a spirit of desperation, despite
bombastic utterances from the kaiser
and his officials. Because of this, they
die all the-more determined unou re-
.notion of any peace suggestions, not! the United States during the II mouths
inly from their enemies but from ueu-of llfi ending November 30 jumped
tral friends. The central powers are 'more than a billion ami three-quarters
now believed to be threatened with uu-in value for the same period of 1 1 1 5,
rest of a populace inadequately provis I the department of commerce announced
loueii ana ureu or wars constant
I' bis view was reflected today in a
circumstantial story from Budapest
.(blislked by the Morning Post.
The Budapest Storv
"It Is evident," the article stated,
"that the central powers are within
measurable distance oi the limit of en
durance of their much-suffering peoples
It' is plainly apparent to anyone who
has made a study of the economic con
ditions in Germany and in the dual
monarchy that the' peace offer, made
in the middle of December, was chief
ly prompted by the knowledge that re
lief must come within six months from
the present time, at the outside, if In
ternal troubles of the most serious char
acter are to bn avoided. In Austro
Hiingary, the available stocks of food
will not even Jast for six months. But
ii spite, of severe privations on the
people the authorities "should succeed
in quieting them until the end of Jan
uary, how is the population increased,
it must be borne in mind, bv some
L'i;,000,0)) mouths in the occupied "re
gions to be fed during the months of
July and August? For, by that time,
according tii statisticians not a grain
t wheat or maize will be left.
When it comes to that, peace will have
to be made on any terms."
WOMAN WITH WHIP
Walla Walla, Wash.. Jan. 3. When
County Treasurer Guy Allen Turner
stepped forward, smiling, to greet Mrs.!
C. E. Montgomery, wife of a locaLjihysi-
ian yesterday, she pulled a rawhide I
from beneath her coat and horsewhip-'
pi-tl him iu the presence ot his office
What do you mean by telling stm-
"""in " - :urs. Aionipomcrv lie
ii.nndod jis she applied the whip.
Tf the estimate of its new citv direc
tory is right, Baker has 10,000 'popula
tion, a considerable in-eroase over the
ltt. report, the Democrat says.
Who remembers when we used t 1 say,
"Why, I'd no more trr t' do that than
I'd attempt t' fly?' Mrs. Tilfont
Moots has a desirable seven room house
fer rent which is within three minutes
w;,lk of a nickel theatre.
BOXING CLUB IN CHURCH
Rhiuelander, Wis.. Jan. 3.
The state boxing commission
has authorized Rhiuelauder to
have a boxing club iu a church.
The license will be issued to the
Rev. Fred R. Wedge, oue time a
welterweight. The parson al
ready has organized a boxing
clasg umong his Sunday school
" ng 's not wrong in it
self, v. Wedge said. "The
art i 'hting with mitts is a
good f for anv bov-"
IN ELEVEN MONTHS
Increase Over Some Tune in
Year 1915 Is $1,764,
938,145 MONTH OF NOVEMBER
. GAIN IS $189,306,006
Increase of Trade with South
American Countries Is
Washington, Jan. 3. Exports from
Ooods to the value of $51(S,litJ,30U
were exported during the month of No
vember Inst, as against $327,070,353 dur
ing November, 1915.
Total value of goods exported during
the 11 months ending last November 30,
was $1,000,302,030, as against 3,-195.;
304,485 for the same period of 1W15.
Imports for last November totaled
$170,983,305 as against $155,490,075 for
November, 1915; imports for the 11
months eniiing last November 30 totaled
$2,180,82, 703 against $1,000,704,190 for
the first il months of 1910..
A big increase in importations from
South America is shown. Against im
ports of $28,702,780 during November,
1915, South America sent $35,710,000
worth of goods into the United States
last November. During the 11 months
period of 1910 .South America sent im
ports valued at $383,821,074 into the
United States, ngainst $288,599,443 for
the same period of 1910.
Exports to South America also showed
increases for 1910, the total for last No
vember being $17,759,431. against $14.-1
023,839 for November, 1915. For the
11 mouths period of 1910 the total was
$197,501,248, against $129.478.9S1. fn
TODAY'S WAR MOVES
The phrases ''storming" and
to hand" combat in todav's
' hand ;
i statement indicate how terrific i
jbattle being waged Tor control of
tions in Rumania and Dobrudja
Today it appeared that the fighting1
centeis about Focsant as the next im.
mediate objective sought by the Oer-1
man forces. Berlin claims that the'
Ninth army "now stands before the i
fixed positions of the Russians" west!
and south, of that city. It reported anj
advance of troops from the west in the
Zabala valley and another forward j
movement from the southeast, where
in two cities were stormed.
In the west the German war office
detailed capture of several heights:
likewise by ''storming" and two addi-1
tional towns occupied.
In Dobrudja it appeared that the
Russians were ; being showed back!
c.lose.r toward Macin. Here toi-y Ber-;
lin described ''tenacious resistance"!
from the enemv.
THE YEAR'S PRISONERS
By Henry Wood.
(l.'nited Press staff correspon
dent.) With the French Army. Jan.
3. During 1910 the allies have
captured 582,723 Teutonic prisoners-
Figures made public to
day showed Russia leading in its
captures, having taken 400,000
Austro-Oermaus during the 12
months just ended.
Other captures were:
French 78,500 German pris
oners (including 26,060 taken at
Britiah tO.SftO Germans.
Italians 52,250 Austrian.
General Sarraill's forces in
Macedonia 11,173 Bulgarians,
Turkish and Uermsn prisoners.
CHERRIAN HIGH JINX
IS GENUINE LIVE WIRE
Laughter, music, song and dance char .
aeteiir.ed the "high jinx" of the Cher-1
rians last night at the Hotel Marion
when the Salem boosteis got togethoi ;
I for th.eir annual initiation aud banquet j
that held the attention from eight
o 'clock until twelve.
Inaugurated into the mysteries of
the Cherrians last night were Joseph
H. Albert. W. 1. Stalev. P. II. Oevcrs,
Benjamin Brick, George Pettingill, A.
A. Mif-kel, W. H. Parker. .lop McAllis
ter, H. W. Maey, anil R. M. (iilbert.
Others named for initiation but who
lid not show up were Elmer Dane,
Chester M. Cox, A. J. Schei, O. K.
Schuneinan, I). Misner, K. A. Kurtz,
l)r. Oarnjobst, O. A. Hnrtman nod W.
It was an awful momeut when the
above gathered in the lobby of the ho
tel and were ushered into the dining
room, where they knew various and un
thinkable things awaited them. How
ever, strewing their courage to the.
sticking point, they followed the white
robed Cherrians and were given seats
at a bare and meager table set at the
rear of the dining room.
Not a Bad Place
But the diniug room was reassuring,
It was not such a terrible place as was
first anticipated. In fact, the place
w. transformed under the genius of j
Paul Steee and Oeorze Fox into a bow-1
of beautv. In the center between
the pillars was a pergola twined and
inter-twined with ivy vines with a
poinsettas here and there. Around the,
outer edge and strung through the eon
ter were numerous Chinese lanterns in
blue, red, green and yellow.
This pergola covered a platform
which was bordered with ferns and
palms. The hanging lamps were hung
with orange tissue filaments and super
imposed with ivy. The mirrors between
the windows were topped with ivy or
TOP PHOTO -OLD fMD NEW MISSOURI RIVER BRIDGES -LOWK-l NEW STRUCTURE. kOLP FOUNPffTlON.SOLD
BRIDGE. . STRUCTURE ON
Undoubtedly one of the greatest engi-
neering reals oi moaeru raiiroau times
uf. Pk.noin- nf th.. in.. r.ilrni.,1
bridge across the Missouri river at Om-1 structure switched to the other side- A , Missouri river; is 1,72.2 feet long, weighs
aha. I peculiar feature of the old structure is ; 10)20,000 pounds, is 70 feet wide and
The installation of this new railroad j that it is as good as when built, but i cost 1,000,000. Six trunk linea of rail
bridge, capable of - accommodating the! with the constantly increa-sing traff ic j road use this bridge. Three hundred and
immense traffic across the river at this, at Omaha the immense tonnage was; twenty trains, freight and passenger,
point, was accomplished in less than one ; such that a new bridge was necessary to ; cross this bridge every 24 hours or one
hour and the gigantic traffic was held j take it safely. In May, 1916, work upon ; every fonr and a half minutes. Top
up less than 60 minutes. The piers the new bridge was started on false i r icture shows old and new bridges. No.
which nrovidetl the foundation for the niers. nnrsllel with tho old structure. I. new structure: 2. old foundation; 3,
old bridge were used for the new one.
When the last work was done on the
Oregon grape anil the lights draped
with the orange filaments. On the
tables were candles fcorning and small
poinsettas in pots. )
Shortly after the tlassal oil and wet
martini had been sertcd and the guests
were munching on loyal Anne pits.
passion berries, celery gizzards, salted
moth balls and Bing stones, the Zieg
felt committed talent started the ball
rolling by a selection from ' 1 Yapp 's
Crossing Orchestra", which rendered
the number, "She Strung Her Violin
Readings and Things"
This was followed by "Heading! and
Things" by Mrs. Arthur Itahn, who
impersonated a spinster who was ar
dent for votes for women. She was
well received and was given an encore.
The iTappy Ward told about several
things that happened on the Marsh
field trip, especially about "Snores
From an Upper Berfh. "
Mile. Sheil Getyergote, ordinarily
known as Miss Bheingold the Russian
danseuse, then appeared and gave an
exhibition of difficult toe dancing and
plastic posing. She was received with
cheers and rounds of applause. Kbr
ber encore she gave a characteristic
i liussian dance in costume, which was
very effective and pleasing anil
brought further rounds of applause
from the Cherrians. Her next number
was Spicy Jinks" or life "Torn From
the Front Trenches," in which she ap
peared in the "costume du ballet"
and was a veritable maze of silk and
lace. Her dancing was exquisite and
was greeted with enthusiastic applause.
. The Naughty Bald Head
Miss Blanche Borrit, a cabaret sing
er imported for the occasion, furnish
ed a great deal of amusement. During
the singing of the popular songs of
(Continued on page six.)
SKILL SHOWN IN SHIFTING
ACROSS, THE MISSOURI RIVER
. . 'f- Hwk
WHICH OLD BRIDGE HNS BE STi PLftCtO
r.ew bridge, the change was made by
supping tne immense sicei siruciure up -
: n h ,.i,t f nnn.ln t ion. with the old
Working day and night since the in
ception of the work, 200 men were re
Big Vessels Voltaire and
Georgic, and Other Smaller
THESE SUPPOSED TO BE
VICTIMS OF NEW RAIDER
Submarine Capable of Laying
Mines Is Also Reported
New York, Jan. 3. Reports of new
German submarines, capable of laying
mines while submerged and a new re
port of a mysterious German raider
roaming the Atlautic, were brought
here by the Holland merican liner
Captain Jan Baron today declared he
Itt.d not only been warned to avoid reg
ular Hteamship lanes on li is trip from
.Rotterdam, but had barely escaped de
struction in the harbor of Falmouth
by a mine trawler, just ahead of the
Nieuw Amsterdam, Baron said, disap
peared fat a geyser of water, undoubted
ly the victim of a mine. The liner
entered Falmouth in the wake of a
trawler, traveling at very low speed.
The mine is believed to have been plant-
(Continued on pa ix.)
BEFORE BCjMj&piAhRJffLEO J
quired to complete it in good time 'for
, ine oig cuauge. nm new
double tracked, the onlv one across the
- old bridge; 4, structure for ojd bridge
I before dismantling.
FIRE WAS INCENDIARY
Yaldcz, Alaska, Jan. 3. Fed
eral authorities feel assured to
day that the fire which wiped
out this city for the second time
within 18 months was caused by
Four different firea were dis
covered between 3 and 4 a. m.
on Tuesday. Two of the blazes
were across the street from each
other, while the remaining two
were discovered more than a
Property in five blocks, fotal
ing 17 business blocks was con
sumed by the flames, making
the fire loss of Valdcz since
July 15, 1915, the date of the
first fire, more thnn $800,000.
Food supplies, it is learned to
day were rushed north from Se
attle Tuesday night on the
TRYING TO SOLVE
Have Wealthy Clubman Un
der Surveillance While
Philadelphia, Jan. 3. The man sus
pected of having clubbed and then
trangled to death pretty Ma.-.ie Col
bert, model and manicurist, is today
under guard in a fashionable downtown
hotel, according to the police, while de
tectives complete the net ot evidence
they have been weaving around him.
I his man, it is said, M xtrcmely
wealthy, controls large brewery inter
ests and comes from an inland city. He
holds membership in Philadelphia's
most prominent cbbs, it was declared.
Bon vivants and habitues of cafes
know the man now under guard as
"Champagne Charlie." He is a ready
spender and has a following of friends
who will stop at no expense to free him,
if the police make good their threat of
arrest in a few hours. In authentic
circles it is eyen intimated that already
these friends have taken steps for the
defense aoarohitig for a magistrate
who will release him on bail.
For many years he is said to have as
sisted the girl financially. Out of this
grew details, according to detectives
that, may disclose blackmail an amaz
ing tale that may involve not only the
girl but others.
The guarded man was taken to detec
tive headquarters several days ago and
severely grilled. At that time it was
believed he would be held. Now it is
known that he was released upon his
promise not to leave the city.
Miss Colbert's liberality to her fami
ily and friends brought her into dire
financial straits. It is said she wrote
this man, v ho was madly in love with
her, according to the police, and asked
him to see her lawyer. Instead of go
ing to tho lawyer's office he is said
to have come to Philadelphia and gone
direct to her apartment. -
From the moment he went to the
apartment in which the pretty little
model's battered body was found late
Snturday night, details ended. Mystery
once more shrouds the case and the de
tectives arc making every effort to
cover loopholes, fearing a leak that
might hamper their work.
This man met Miss Colbert only re
cently and she is said to have remarked
he might, do her harm. The man was in
the city several days ago and was ques
tioned by the police. When new details.
(Continued on page six.)
Attorney Says Mrs. J. Serg
eant Cram Is Financing
Han Francisco, Jun. 3. As the trial
of Thomas J. Mooney for murder in con
nection with preparedness day dynamit
ing was beginning here today, District
Attorney Fte.kert asserted that letters
which his deputies seized showed that
Mra. J. Sergeant Cram, a wealthy New
York woman, is financing the defense
of Mooney and four others.
The letters were seized in the office
of "The Blast," a radical paper. Fick
ert issued a statement in which he said
that Alexander Berkman, editor of the
. , . ,
lap", had charge or the ueiense ano
had interested Mrs. Cram in the case.
W. Bourke Cockran, of New York, nnd
Maxwell McNutt, of San Francisco, are
attorneys for the defense.
The tnskof selecting the jury began
todav and is expected to last a week.
Warren K. Billings was eonvieted of
complicity in the crime three months
ago. Besides Mooney the other defend
ants are Mrs- Mooney, Edward D. No
lan and Israel Weinberg.
CANNOT AGREE ON
Will Tell President They Can
Frame No Withdrawal
MAY ORDER ARMY BACK
FROM MEXICAN SOIL
Villa Fast Getting Upperhand
and Carranza's Regime
By Carl D. Groat,
( t'nited Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Jan. 3. '"The Amer
ican members of the joint Mexican
peace commission will present to
I'nsident Wilson late this afternoon
their recommendation for closing up
the commission 's session.
Before going to soo the president
they will draft an answer to Ocuerat
Carranza's rejection of the (roop
The American members will leava
the path clear for tho American gov
ernment to withdraw its troops from
Mexico minus a protocol signed by
When the American members re
sumed sessions with Chairman Lane
today they had practically agreed -on
the following course:
First to tell Carranza and Piosident
Wilson that they could frame no new
troop withdrawal protocol atnd thafc
the joint sessions are closed.
rscconu, pernaps to leave a mwuiiuhj
for the conference to resume dlscas
sion of subjects involving American
protection of lives and property south
of the boundary after the troops are
May Withdraw TtoopB.
War department plans for withdraw
ing the troops are not ''immediate"
with the emphasis on ''immediate"
but there was cvVry reason to believe
today that ''very soon" after the
joint sessions are closed the adminis
tration will order General Persbi(f
back to the border and then relieve
somo moro militia forces, nnlesti, in
the meantime, northern Mexican con
ditions, already badly disturbed, he
While taking steps to compose a
trouhleous situation, administration of
ficials privately express fenr that
Villa is fast getting the upper hand in
northern Mexico and that Oarrana'a
regime will crumble unless a quich up-
In this connection, however, ii oc
eanic gnown today that OaOrrunza'a
diplomats, including Ambassador
Designati Arredondo, arc returning
from the United States. Central and
South America and lOuropo to Mexico
for a conference which will inaugurate
a new commercial policy for the re
public. Arredondo himself claims he will re
turn here. He may, but usually reli
able information is that he will bo
made minister of foreign, affairs some
time in the future, and that n any
event he is done with the position or
ambassador to the I'nited State.
He Got the Limit
But Dsservcd More
Seattle, Wash., Jan
;t. A man who
would sieni pvowiwa
i ,i,,f.u iinv sviiiiiuinv.
So declared Superior Court Judge
King Dykman today, following his sen
,. ...ring of Henry House to the max
imum term of one year In jail ami
1,)00 fine on a petty Inrcctiy charge.
House had been s'ealing pennies from
newsboys' stands and was twice taken
before ii police judge.
The last charge upainst him was the
Stealing of bundles of unmailed letters.
which were somu if-ivu(,fn
his lawvi i
J, J. Sullivan.
The government-owned railroads of
Canada PV no taxes and lose money;
the privately owned roads pay taxes and
night and Thors
day rain west,
rain or snow east
winds, fresh near
lis THE tATtsrj
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