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Bouraol ft FULL LEASED WIRE DISPATCHES CIRCULATION IS , OVER 4000 DAMjY m FORTIETH YEAR NV " o SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1917 PRICE TWO CENTS ON TRAINS AND NBW8 STANDS FIVK CKNTS FOOD TRUST MUST I i t BE INVESTIGATED SAYS PRESIDENT Congress Urged to Appro priate $400,000 To Aid In Probing It "WE WANT BREAD" CALL THAT MUST BE STOPPED it Grand Juries To Be Used In! Nation Wide Attack On Price Manipulators V;i ishington. Fob, 21. President Wil son is determined congress shall pass j immediately the $490,000 appropriation ! w hiel requc the P ded f doral trade commission has E the nation wide food j he directed the commission lartment or agriculture to! pne.t Ml. I probe the do mfl It was stated officially at the white house today that the president will give his personal attention toward swing ing congress into line behind his-food probe suggestion. He made this decis ion folio win a receipt of news of the IS'ew Vork foot! riots. As a result, administration leaders! in congress today begun lining up fore-' es lo compel congressional asquiosceucc Representative. ISorlaiui. in the house; and Senator Borah, in the senate, are! expected to lead the fight with the charge that there is universal convic- tion that t'ooil prices are subject toj widespread manipulation. Senator Borah today demanded that congress remain in session until ade quate steps are taken to bring prices back to normal. i 'Congress cannot adjourn," Borah said, "ho 'long as it Is possible for usj to bo of any service in this deplorable situation. A Dangerous Cry "We want bread,' was the cry of j the French revolutionists as they march! eel to Versailles," said Borah. "It is the most ominous cry that can be heard; in a republic and Whatever is said as to the effect of the war on prices the! fact remains these people are in large measure the victims of speculators and; combinations which are milching mil lions out of food. "There is .it the bottom of things no justification for this condition. Con- gross cannot ignore the cries of thei hungry. The situation must be met at once. ' ' The federal trade commission has! detailed plans completed for a sweep- ing investigation into the New York and Chicago .fond markets, as soon as i (Ingress grants the necessary money. Bread and meat prices and the pea- nihility of their manipulation will bo j the first line of attack. Mder present plans, grand jury in-j vest igat ion are to be carried on sim-, iillanenusly. New York and Chicago, it was stated -nv i 1 1 be the first fields of operation, 'in view oi the serious prevailing eon-j il i I ions. Chairman Davies, oi the federal trait commission Press today dieted to the United at food riots will occur roughout the ridtl is taken " There will New York, roughout the lion is taken country unless prompt by the government. I bo food riots, not only ' Da vies said, "but! country, unless prompt! soon. I make this as n . prediction. The investigate in five 'livisinns: dairy products, fri n will be conducted meats, lireadstuf fs, sh fruits and vogeta 'oods, sugar, coffee, hies and canne il lens and Bpic (Continued on page two.) ABE MARTIN 5$C Sjt rJC )jc jft j'KAStJir A LA A wife never want her to. Th runs away when youi most wonderful thing! s.lout th ' automobil yon never hear one d cr's , ar. I SUC-T I "NIIEARD OF PRICES " vrnncisco, Feb. 21. Agi lal ' housewives of I .on An gelPi favor of a boycott again. cgetables which, some allege, have been held for a ris ing market may spread to other 1'acific coast cities, it was be lieved today. Although prices of perishable foodstuffs in San Francisco and elsewhere la Cali fornia do not compare with those in the east, they have still reached unprecedented fig U1CS. Potatoes today were selling at five cents a pound, retail, and some fancy grades at that figure wholesale. Onions sold at from 12 1-2 to 15 cents n pound wholesale and lima beaus at 10 to 11 cents. Wholesale potato prices have advanced 5U cents a hundred pounds in 3(1 hours. Kggs are among the few arti cles showing a decline and are now selling at 32 cents. But ter was unchanged at 36 cents Other prices are: String beans. :'.u to 35 cents; peas, 12 1-2: sweet potatoes, $4 per cental; turnips, ick: squash, .". 1-2 cents $1.25 a s a pound. BE GUEST OF HONOR Banquet To Be Given in Port land to Brilliant Woman Legislator lonoung The Da Mrs. Alexander Thompson, lies, who represented Hood ind Wasco counties in the Twen ty-ninth session of the Oregon legisla ture, and who made an enviable name for herself as a speaker on the floor of the house, as a clever adviser in committee, and backer of all legislation (Continued on page three. Resume of Work Done By Oregon Legislators During Session Which Just Closed It is impossible yet to secure the ex act text of the road bonding bill, the load code, or any other of the important measures passed by the legislature. This is due to the fact that many changes were made during the discussions that proceeded the passage of these measures and their amendments do not appear in the printed bills. When these measures finally engrossed it be possible : to secure copies ot the bills as i?iey passed, but the main features of all have already been given the widest publicity. Consolidation Fails. As usual consolidation of commissions and offices failed, the tax commission j being alone wiped out. A committee was apopinted to consider the consolidation j question for two years and report a plan at the next session oi the legislature Hundreds of bills were passed of real y small m sequence. Money Left Over. of the six per cent tax limita the legislature left the state apparent balance of $974.05 spit, law an and over ami aoove tne amount aiiowcii roT it to expend under the intent of the limitation amendment. The grand total of appropriations made was $0,310,084.75, and the grand total of revenue available under the estimates prepared in the budget was $6,309,505-82. This would indicate a seeming deficiency on the part of the legislature of $9,578.03, not taking into consideration unexpended balances and the greatly enhanced estimated revenues of the next biennium. But in reality such a deficiency does not exist. One appropriation made by the legislature was for $10,853,88, to be used in repaying money which was borrowed from a local bauuk to take care of the flax industry. This appro priation, however, was made with the string tied to it, that as soon as the flax on hand is sold, the money accru ing from the sale of such flax is to be returned to the general fund. Hence a seeming deficiency of $9,578.9.1 is turned into an apparent bal ance of $974.65. Constructive Legislation. Among very important pieces of con structive legislation which have been placed on the statute books may be numbered the insurance code, the irriga I tion code, the rural eredits bill, the, (military and fish and gaeic codes. All j represent much hard work and w ill go, 'a long vay toward simplifying and bet i tering our laws. The men who worked I them out deserve great, credit. Road Bills Important. The road program consisted of six I bills of prime importance- There is one knows as a procedure code which j prescribes methods for the opening, j laving out and vacating of highways. Heretofore three different processes ha ve been available and thev have bujiness is that j promoted more uncertainty and eon aler knock anoth fusion than good highways. The three systems have by the procedure code FIRST AMERICAN LINER SAILS FOR ENGLAND TODAY Mongolia Leaves Early Soon Followed by the Algonguin NO ATTEMPT MADE TO DISGUISE BIG VESSEL St. Louis Kept From Sailing May Be Needed As Transport New York, Feb. 21. The first Amer ican line steamship to leave this port since the German submarine warning was issued the Mongolia today is past Sandy Hook and on her way to urope. She was followed closely bv the American freighter Algonquin. Both are bound for London and are the first American vessels to sail from here for a British port since Germany's warn ing. Officials of the American line were reticent over the sailing of the Mon golia, refusing even after she had been seen to pass out of the harbor to admit her sailing. She is a vessel of 13,639 tons and is an out and out American vessel, having been built in this coun try and never having flown any flag except the American. No attempt was made to disguise her. She is painted in regular colors with her name and registry painted on her sides in huge letters. The captain of the Mongolia is lid ward Bice, an American. (Continued on page three.) been revised into one workable sys j tern. There is also a county code which has to do with expenditures of eounty , funds and administration of county I road work. It does away with the j time-honored supervisor system, and ' provides for appointment of a county centralizes authority in county road work and eliminate the haphazard and expensive system so long in force in Oregon. It also specifically repeal.! by section numbers many conflicting road sections in the codes and ses sion laws. Highway Code Notable. There is, further, an ambitious meas , tire known as the state highway code, j Its object is to provide procedure for construction of hard-surfaced highways and for co-operation of county and state in construction of what are known as j state highways.- It dispenses with the existing ex-officio state highway com mission composed of elected state of ! ficers, and provides for appointment by the governor of a non-salaried commis I sion of three, one member to be from I each congressional district. It serves the highway engineering department from the state engineer's office, and gives appointment of a highway engineer to the new highway commission. This bill .carries an emergency clause. I A measure known as an act to regu late motor vehicles iR, in its main ef- feet, a road law. It doubles the present , motor vehicle license taxes and devotes i the whole proceeds to road work under supervision of the state highway commission- The old law required that motor vehicle licenses be apportioned to the counties in which they were collected after payment of the cost of : license tags and other incidentals of state administration. The monev was j thus: scattered and inefficiently expend ed in many instances. Under the new law the automobiles will pay, on the basis of the existing number of such vehicles in Oregon, about $'500,000 a year into the state road fund. Still another road bill is the Bean Barrett bonding act. This is a contin gent or emergency measure. Tt author izes issuance, in event revenues from established sources are not sufficient to meet allotments of government road funds, bonds in an amount equivalent to the deficiency. This bill also car ries an emergency clause, and insures expenditure in Oregon of the entire government allotment for post roads and forest roads and an equal sum of state money n-, is required by the fed eral act. This assurance prevails re gardless of the fate of the 6,000,000 road bond issue to be submitted at a special election June 4. Road System Laid Out. . The 6,000,000 bonding act lavs outiment definite system of state highways nd post roads. State highways are to (Continued from page three.) Count Montgelas Heads American Department In Berlin Foreign Office ! r . i jti S2 ft " i COUNT MQNTGELRS Count Montgelas, head of the Ameri can department of the German foreign office in Berlin, is believed to ne tho roughly conversant with conditions in America In so far as they affect German American relations. He visited the Uni ted States a fewr years ago, when the accompanying picture was made- PRICES FOR POOD Prices Will Continue to Soar Until War Ends Says Big Dealer Chicago, Feb. 21. With hogs quoted on the Chicago market today at $1K.9I5 per hundred, nearly a half dollar high er than the record price since the civil war, Chicago wholesalers, packers and retailers today came out with n predic tion of an increase from .10 to 40 per cent in retail prices of meats. Alibis galore, including freight con gestion, excessive export demand, short age of livestock, general prosperity and even increased and extravagant consumption on the part of highly paid workers in "war bride" factories, were quoted in justification or the coming boost. "We can't see anything but higher prices," an official of the Illinois mar ket company, one of Cnicago's largest wholesalers and retailers said. "You can kid yourself into believing that war weather, clearing of freight congestion and other temporary conditions will halt the upward trend of prices, but it wont change the inevitable. As long as the war continues prices arc going to soar. And" the small consumer foots the bill." Practically without exception, every article of food available here is any where from 10 to 500 per cent higher than the same time last year. Riiter, Swiss Minister Takes Over the German Interests In America Germany's interests in the United l States and its insular possessions have, been turned over to the Swiss govern md are now being looked after bv Dr. Paul Hitter, a close personal friend of Count von Bernstorff. Br. Bitter, ha been .Swiss minister to the United Htates since the summer of 1909. 1 jmm MENACE SERIOUS AND STILL GROWING SAYS NAVY LORD Sir Edward Carson, Lord of Admiralty, Admits Skua- I tion Grave ASKS 400,000 MORE MEN FOR BRITISH WARSHIPS Despite Blockade 6,076 Ships Leave Ports From England During February London, ivb. 21. "The submarine menace is grave and serious and is growing. It is not yet solved, but 1 am confident measures no wx being devised, will gradually mitigate its seriousness' declared SitKdward arson, first lord of the admiralty today. The cabinet minister made this state ment in connection with presentation of the naval estimate to the house of commons today. One of f.ic provisions of the bill was for an increase of Brit ain's sailors by four hundred thousand. In requesting that commons vote this additional force, Carson declared the men were needed because of naval ex pansion. He congratulated the country upon having Kir John .lellieoe in the admir alty as first sea lor. Sir Edward also announced that Lord fisher, former first sea lord, had been returned to the admiralty staff, as president of a board of inventions. This inventions board, he said, was part of an anti-submarine department which had been established, he explained, "with the best and most experienced 1 ersoiinel, ' ' During the period from February 1 to 18, the admiraltv lord said 0.076 ves sels had arrived at ports of the United Kingdom, and 8,873 had left and this despite the German submarine block ade. This was a total of 1 1,949 ships to and troin liritish ports, 1 ' Since the start oi" the war," Sir Kdward continued, "wo have examined either on the high seas or in harbor.- 25,874 ships. "This constitute! Germany. ' ' Carson announcce of aimed ships had cent during the pa: our blockade of that ihe number increased 47.5 per t two months. An! increase in the number armed for de fense against submarines is noted each week he said. Germany's Hope Vain London, Feb. 21. Germany's hope of "starving out," Kngiand by her sub marine " ruthlessness lias gone glim mering, in the view of the British, The "relentless" U-boat war is declared to have hardly made a dent in the vast commerce of the United Kingdom. Uu the other hand, the puulic mi I plieitly believes British defense meas- ures have caused numerous losses. There was great hops cxpiesscd that some statement of these losses by the Ger mans in capture or destruction of their sub-surface boats by the liritish would be made by Sir Kdward Carson today. The first lord of the admiralty was due to make his first detailed speech as a minister ill presenting the naval bud get to the house of commons. Sir Kdward is known personally to favor greater publicity tor llic opera- t ions of the anti-submarine guards, but any revelations ol captures or sinkings of U-boats would be contiary to a poli cy of silence to which tht liritish gov ernment has adhered since the start of the war. But if the admiralty lunl docs not bare these facts he is at leas! expected formally to announce the official fig ures of shipping clearances and of loss es by submarines and mines. London newspapers during the past few days have reflected a sentiment fostered by a certain group of Britons urging that Admiral Lord Fisher again be given a voice in admiralty councils ' and granted fret ha to cope with the 8 former sea lord in plans to this his advocates as t born into oper fice rein. The are bitterly com whereby Fisher, f age, would be submarine problem. Tl I is known to have cor end, but is quoted by being unwilling to pu ation unless given u i N'orthcliffe newspapei j batting such a cliaug. who is now 70 yars put in charge of work now earned on by younger and more ener tic men. Weather Weakens Wheat Prices Chicago, Feb. 21. The wheat prices had a setback today. Realizing sales at the start lound the market bare of buy ing orders. Wcathfr, generally fair ex cept in tho iouthwest, where moisture is needed, gave the market little chance for activity. Transporting conditions still preclude free shipping. Mav wheat opened uuchanged and later lost 1 3-8, Koine to 1.78 5-H. .1 uly i to i 3-4, pened down d.SOti,. Bep loter losing 5-8, later losing Vt (ember opened down - 3-8 to 11.39 1-8. Corn had a heavv undertone. Com i mission houses were fair sellers but the pit was inclined to p;ay for a break. May corn opened down 1-8, later lost 5-8 to $1.01 3-4. July opened unchanged HOG PEICES BREAK RECORD Chicago, Feb- 81. Hogs smashed all previous high price by nearly a quarter of a dollar today, when the market opened at $12.95 per hundred pounds. Bigs sold at $11 per hundred weight, he prices arc the high est since the Civil war. 't- I Half a Billion Is Set Apart for Navy i Washington, Feb. 21. Increased bv ,$128,000,000 since it passed the house. the administration's naval bill the big I gest in the history of the country j was reported to the senate this after j noon by Senator Tillman, chairman of the naval committee. I The bill, as revised, carries a total I of nearly a half billion dollars and au thorites the president to commandeer j private ship yards and munitions plants I in time of war. The $128,000,000 inercase--a glnnt appropriation in itself was added af ter greatest pressure from the navy de partment and after President Wilson and Secretary of tho Navy Daniels, ap- I peared In person at the capitoi white the lull was in committee. The biggest item of increase is (113, 000,000 for the immediate completion of war vessels now under construction. This is a reduction of $35,000,000 from that asked by the navy department. It is stipulated that $35,000,000 he expended for completion of submarines All Military and Naval Forces, and War Veterans To At tend Ceremonies , I quartermaster s department, will ap- San Francisco, Feb. 1 1, With all the Ml f,Ye 4i?faw1 mcn,to a?sist 11,8 military honors it is possible for hisiW0Jk .0l thT l'' t,'ff. country to give Maior General Freder-! ,,h,'!",'h '"""hei of these committee lck Fnnston, who dropped dead at San1 Antonio, Monday night, will be buried J at ine rrexutio national cemetery in this city Saturday morning. For 18 hours before interment the body will lie in state in the big rotunda of San Francisco may view the last of San Francisco may view the ins remains of the man whose work meant so much for salvation or the city din ing the great fire of 1900. Major General J. Franklin Bell, commanding the western department of the army announced the funeral nV rangcinen'.s today. The body, escorted by Captain Fitzhugh Leo two non com missioned officers ond six privates, will arrive from San Antonio Friday afternoon. It will be taken under mili tary escort to the city hall where the public will be given us opportunity to view it. A military and naval guard of thirty will be constantly on duty around the casket. It is expected (hat the ceremonies Saturday morning will constitute the largest, military funeral in San Francis co's history. All the naval and military forces in the boy rernon, together with civil war and Kpnnisn war veterans ami members of other patriotic sm iet ies will march in Ihe cortege. Thi, escort the body on a caisson to the First Presbyterian church where brief religious ceremonies will be held. lcn- ernl liell will personally command tin (escort. From the church the body I be taken directly to the cemeterv u, ig. ! while the interment is in progress a sa j lute of thirty guns will be fired at the Presidio. The pal bearers will be Genera) V i 1 1 i :i i lu,.. Q L, Sibert, Genera 3, P. Wis- ser, General Oscar F. Long, GeranoJ K, K. Kvans, Colonel Benjamin Alvord and Heir Admiral W. V. Fullam. Salem Militia Now National Guardsmen Officially, the Salem company of mi litiamen are United States national guardian, according to information re ceived by Captain James Hoy Neer, commanding officer of company XI, in a letter from Ihe war department. This designation is given tho company under the new federal law which takes the militia out of the hands of the state authorities and places it directly under government supervision. At the regular drill last night, Cap tain Ncer announced that ho soon would have installed a sand tnble for the pur-' pose of illustrating instruction in the theory and practice of military tactics. To these lectures, young men who are! not members of the company are rordi I ally invited. On account of the fuct that the heat-1 ing of the armory has been somewhat unsatisfactory, and the knocking of the ' pipes during musical programs distinet I iv annoying, Captain Neer has secured the consent or Aiijuranr vneroi nuiiai and Major Wilson of Portland to install a heating plant in the armory at a cost of .')()(). Steam fro mthe Northwest i "fVuit Products company's plant is the present method of heating. It is believ ed a different system of heating will prove more satisfactory. but subsequently lost 3-8 to 1.00 1-8. (tats worked to lower levels, follow ing wheat and corn. May opened un changed later losing V4 to 37 3 8. July - 1 opened 1-8 up later lost 3-8 to Do 1-8. rati- activities werw noticeable !n provisions with prices- rultnjt higher at the start. Later quotations broke from 3 to 10 ccnta. BUSINESS MEN HAVE CONTROL OF ALL il SUPPLIES Chambers of Commerce In 14 Big Cities To Appiont Committees THESE WILL ASSEMBLE MATERIALS NEEDED Would Also Learn Location of and Amount of Food stuffs Washington, Feb. 21. The businesa end ot preparation for possible war that of purchasing all supplies will in I ho future, virtually be in the hands of expert business men. These men will work with the council 0f national de fense, as much to prevent excess "war profits", in the event of hostilities as to mobilization of munitions. Secretary of War Baker, responding lo suggestion by the council of na- tional defense, todnv asked the United j States chamber of commerce to namo i an advisory committee of business men to assist the quartermaster's depar: Iment in this work. This plan is the first definite step of the council of national defense, cre dited by the army appropriation bill, to I mobilise the business men of the na il ion to the needs of the country. Under the plan the chamber of com Imeree in each of the fourteen cities (supporting a purchasing depot of the, "i ojn;viiiBi, in lr line Wllll'll his depot specializes. They will ba charged with the task of assembling standardizing supplies at economiu prices, so that should the country bo suddenly faced by war, the committee would know exactly wnere to turn tor additional war materials. Secretory Baker believes economic disturbances following a declination of war will thus be minimised anil prob ably altogether wiped out. The plan calls for grunt ing private plants, called into the government ser vice, a small profit, but bid exhprbitant "war'' rates will meet with speedy re jection by the business men committees itiea having supply depots anil which will appoint committees, are: New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, Washington, Kansas City, Jefferson ville, Ind., St. Louis, Boston, San Fran visco, New Orleans, San Antonio, Om nhn and Portland, Or. Bascom Kittle, Cleveland, chairman of the national defense committee of the United States chamber of com merce, was one of Ihe leading figures in getting favorable action on the plan. Conditioon of Body Caused Investigation Because complaint had been filed II I with District Attorney Max (lehlhar by I residents of Ashland concerning the 1 condition of the body of David Kil- gore, who died at the asylum lew (lays ago, Superintendent Stciner left Salem last night for Ashland to make explanations. The complaint stated that the body of Kilgorn showed brtiixcs, that both wrists were broken, and that there were signs of otner injuries. Dis trict Attorney (ichlhar made an investi gation into tho circumstances of Kil- gore's death and reported to the Ash land authorities thul there were no sus picious circumstances surrounding it. Or. Steiner said that Kilgoro had! been in bed two weeks prior to hi death and that the cause was heart dis ease with other complications, He waa 110 years old and was a harmless patient On the night of his death, the superin tendent Bid, be probahly arose to go into another room. He was found spraw led out on the floor just as though ho had suddenly collapsed and fell to tho floor. The superintendent was of the belief that the contusions on the body ui re from tho fall and thut there waa nothing irregular in the death. h a 1 OUB VISITORS PLEASED The ladies of tho creby extend to th mcere thnnkN and senate and house I ladies of Sklent appreciation for n'ir hospitality and many acts of I hi th during the piesent session of legislature. Till? HIT A TU CD inc. minimal Oregon: Tonight rain west, snow east portion, wanner kouthwest portion; Thursday rain or snow east, portion; southerly winds increasing along the coast.