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FULL LEASED WIRE DISPATCHES rim ofl M..MItB CIRCULATION IS OVER 4300 DAILY . 4 $ B r . W A A V. FORTIETH YEAR NO. 74 SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, MARCH 27, 1917 PRICE TWO CENTS OX TR AINS AND NF.W3 STANDS VI V B C E NTS (ft (iTfiWi Ifffiffi FRENCH ABE WITHItl LESS MILE OF HIIIUHG LltlE Allied Pursuit Continues Hot ly, Is Marked by Fierce I Fighting TRY TO DRIVE WEDGE TO SPLIT GERMAN DEFENSE Secret Wireless Plant Found , by Russians Russians Forced Back By William Philip Simms. d'nited Tress staff correspondent.). With the British Annies Afield, Mar. 27. The new German line today was under direct menace from Anglo French forces at several points. With the systematic, organized pur suit of the Teutonic forces there was the greatest speculation nil along the front on whether the enemy would be able to cling there until once again allied guns pound them out ami force them to retreat, as they retreated from their old positions. An underground city where at least 3,000 Germans must have lived in great comfort, was uncovered by the advanc ing troops' todny. The Germans had furnished their quarters with inlaid furniture, costly mirrors and many lux uries. Fursuit Is Hot. London, Mar. 27. Tho allied pursuit continued holly today, marked by vio lent fighting of both open and massed character at half a dozen points along the 50-mile front now rapidly nearing the permanent German line. The French were within less than a mile of the "Mindenburg line" and progressing" "Steadily, despite' inunda tions and increasingly strong resistance from the enemy. Nearest approach of tho British, to 1he line was around Lngnieourt, about 11 miles west of Cambrai. There was bitter fighting in this neighborhood to - ilny, German massed forces desperately htrivxing to rc-take the village. But. the British held firm and beat oi'f all attacks. Two heights commanding the German forefront were under especially heavy drive by the Freuch. Essigny, one of Hiese, has already fallen into French bawls and today was under fire of Ger man counter attack. Another near Be nny was being deluged with French ar tillery. With both in the allies' hands, military critics assert the safety of the Gei man line about St . Quentin would lie seriously impaired. General Nivelle's wedge, which seeks u split in the German line, is being driv en forward at this point. Secret Wireless Station. Pi'trogrnd, Mar. Si.A secret wire less station at Tsnrskoe Nolo, which is suspected of having furnished communi cation in the past between pro-German Kussinn ministers and Berlin was dis covered today. Kvidence 'which the new gov eminent 's agents had collected showed it was said, tuat tins station was es tablished by the former minister of the interior, Frotopopo'cf, without the czar's knowledge. The government, it was declared, had , other evidence culininativo in forcing the conclusion that the old regime did not scruple to plot Russia's destruc tion. (Continued on page four.) $$ I ABE MARTIN river notice how some girls jump at tV chance t' wear a veilf After bers waiting to trap mm ne win mane waitin' fer years fer a millionaire with' a two hour talk without notes filled broken leg" t' come along, Mrs. Tilford' with cumbersome figures and intricate Moots' niece has given up nursin' an '11 facts, and neveT score an error, retun t' her ole position a granite- Nobody is really more sure of' him-wa'-e clerk at th' Emporium. self than Bonar Law. Take that little New Political Party - Formed in Russia Today I'etrograd, Mar. 27. A new political pt-rty was formed here today with the formal designation "republican demo crats" the new branch includes in its membership some of the progressive of the duma delegates as well as the nia?- 0' of Petrograd, the chief of militia, the prefer 1 others. Tot. v Miean democrats will be a govern, o, party, concerning itseir 1 rimarm q rganiiation or elections to the coi. it assembly. Minister k istice Kereuskv, who lsst week sa "V favored woman suf frage in the Uv "win, declared today it was "improb . 'tis suffrage could be granted in tii. 4 elections to the constituent as:,emb. "There is not sut pnre for such n great cd. ..t time to pre pt'nrm," he add- OF IS E Strict Censorship Imposed and Assignment of Troops , Unknown Chicago, Mar. 27. General Barry, in command of the Central division of the army, issued sealed orderg today as to the disposition of the thirty nine military guard units now under arms in the central division. A strict censorship has been imposed and no announcement will be made concern ing the assignment of the troops. it was learned today that the as signments' will be fixed very largely upon tho recommendation or the de partment of justice. An elaborate sys tem has been at work for months col lecting information regarding danger points as hostilities gTOW nearer and department of justice officials have been in close touch with military of ficials lor several days. These confer ences were continued at the federal building today. Several special agents from Wash ington, whose identities have been care fully concealed have taken part in the conferences. They are believed to have conveved information too confidential to be sent in the mails. Today the central west is engaged in tne biggest ' recruiting . campaign since the civil war. None of the regi ments are up to the war strength as provided in recent legislation 2,002 men and fifty five officers. While the response has been ready, recruiting of ficers have been greatly disappointed at tii physical condition of the appli cants. Some stations in the division report that eighty per cent of the men exam ined are plivsicallv unfit for the army The same proportion is holding for the recruiting agents of the regular army, navy and marine corps. Chancellor Bonar Law Has Word Picture Painted By One Who Has Studied Him By Lowell Mellett, (United Press Staff Corresjiondent.) London, March 27. If you wanted to borrow a dollar, you wouldn't pick out your bashf ullest frieud to do the job for you would you? That s just the difference between you and the British prime minister. Lloyd-George wanted to borrow all he could get. So he picked out the most diffident, most unassuming man in Knglish public life to turn the trick for him. America, meet Mr. Bonar Law, chan cellor of the exchequer of Great Britain. There 's a Scotch grin tucked behind his rugged and drooping moustache, and a Scotch chuckle located somewhere in that long, lean waist. He'll beat any thing you have to say, provided your facts are on straight. Don t muss them up when you're talking to Mr. Law. He is too courteous to give you away, but he'U put down a marit against you for future roterence. Deadly In Execution. The thrillingest moments of the pres ent parliament have been occasioned by Mr. Law's deadly executions. In the midst of an argument designed to dessicate the opposition, he will casu ally remark: 'In this respect I agree with the honorable and learned gentleman from Blankshire. " Whereupon he jumps the h and 1 gent from B and hotly denies' such ac cord. Into one of his nine pockets reaches Mr. Law. Out comes a clipping dated some months or years ago, quoting the angry gentleman just as represented. Its a fascinating game for the in- .. tj t jiLv. ti, vtn!veek from today. and while he seems always to dig into a .different pocket, it's never the wrong; 0nSi.. I.;- i ,i;aJt'Ierk' anJ !hose who possess special memory. Bonar Law never forgets. la the fa'ee of a house filled with mem- III POUR MONEY OUT TO AID ALLIES IF WAR DECLARED Bankers Say Country. Could Spare Five Billion and Not Miss It BELIEVES FINANCIAL AID WOULD END THE WAR financiers Mobilizing Re sources In Order Meet All Demands WHAT IT WILL DO Here is what the stupendous sum of 'five billion dollars will buy: XiS completely equipped sti-per-dreadnauglits of the Penn sylvania class which cost $14, 702,000 each. 7,143 fast destroyers and tor pedo boats which cost about $700,000 each and leave a trifle of two millions over. Hun the war for England and France about one hundred days. $!-! By Webb Miller. (United Tress staff correspondent) New York, Mar. 27. The United States, the treasure house of the world is able to loan' the allies the stagger ing sum of five billions of dollars with out noticeably affecting the financial situation in this country. An official of one of the largest Am erican banking institutions today told the l.'nited liress this country is in a position to loon five times the amount of our national debt to the allies in case of war between tho United States and Germany. In tiie gold piled up in this country is the power, if loosed, to end the war, in the opinion of the banker. "At this time the wealth of the Uni tde States is estimated at two hundred billon dollars," snid the banker. "Without hesitation 1 would say that we are able to loan the allies any nmouiit necessnry to bring about the end of the war. Wo could do it without (Continued on page twa.) matter of raising five billion dollars. Humbly as befitting a mere cabinet member, he went to the inner circle of British finance. He asked the great I money experts how it should be done, I They fixed up a plan. Law decided on only one change. He made the interest five per cent instead of six. What He Accomplished. "Can't bo done," protested tho inner circle of finance. "Well, we'll try it," modestly ob served the chancellor. All the world, including Germany, now knows well it was done. The change of one percent saved Britain fifty million dollars a year interest. Bonar Law told your correspondent why he was so confident he could raise a great loan at five per cent. (Continued on page four.) TING MEASURES TO T Oldest and Most Trusted Guards On Duty When He Reads Message Washington, Mar. 27. Precaution ary measures of the most elaborate kind will bo taken to protect President Wilson from any harm when he deliv ers his war message to congress one , T.he capitol building will be closed " 7 " "J. ,h rir cards for admission. These cards will not be given out until shortly before the president arrives for fear they might be duplicated or transferred and r. . . . nmi one rniin entrance whn flops rntithn ton or the But at tne loot OI inc belong inside. TW nlrlsat n.l tnniit trnotpil miara (Continued on pags thfee.) i A CHANCELLOR BONAR LAW 1 T Al AKtVi TOMORROW NIGHT ! Colonel Dentner ot Regular Army Among Speakers Bring a Flap, homes will be practically de serted tomorrow night, at least that is the prediction, for the huge patriotic mass meeting to be held at the armory certain to attract an wno possiui.v can get away, this cveni, in ways, will be the culminating point oi I'atriotic Week. For a week the efforts of company M and tho Salem Commercial ciuo hove centered on the work of making this gathering one of the largest and most representative that has over hon ored, this citv. me mouiiizaiiuu ui m ntioiiHl Biiard has insured an even more demonstrative meeting than was hoped for. ;; - p. . Governor w itnycomuo win it" and make a brief address on the proD loma confronting- the administration with relation to the international cri sis. The duty of the guardsmen at una moment will come in for some comment from tho governor. Another speaker win ue voiuniu v. K. Dentler of the United States army. The war department some time ago detailed Colonel Dentler to the north west to supervise the worn or organiz ing the national guard. During the past few weeks he has visited numerous cit ies and addressed chambers of com merce, commercial iclubs and other or ganizations He is making his head quarters Ht Vancouver, Washington, where the Twenty first . infantry is stationed. . , ,. Colonel Dentler will give his Sudi- ;inl,t into the aims of the national guard and explain its work ings as only sn army oincer mm man dose ' in' touch with military ar lairs can. George V. Hodgers, former mayor, is also on the program Salem diversion for the audience the Salem military band will play at frequent intervals and the high school glee club is 011 the bill for a number of selections. . Fraternal organizations nave eated their intention ot being present. Special seats have been reserved lor J . . j. ii..ii.t. ... V, . n t-A until - the Knights or ryun ing in full uniform, the Moose lodge and other societies. The Girls' Honor guard which numbers considerably more than a hundred members, will at tend in a body. Tonight the pn ilic is invited to tne armorv to attend the review of com pany "M. This is to be an entirely in formal aftair and there will be but little drilling as the work of outfitting the new members must go on. Lieutenant Dana H. Allen, who has charge of the campaign lor recruiting the company, is greatly pleased at the manner in which Salem young men have responded to the call. By tonight it is thought there will be fully a hun dred men enrolled. "This is a chance for the boys to show where their sympathies lie, ' de clared Lieutenant Allen in discussing recruiting matters. "I have always maintained that Salem lads would be t,on,i tvVinn thev were wanted and the manner in which they came for ward yesterday confirms my prediction But wc can still use a iew i the sooner they report at the armory and get in line-the better it will be for all concerned." A final word to Salem citizens is voiced by the otticers of the company anil Manager McDaniel of the Com mercial club. It ig this be on hand tninnrrnU' my ht lor the big meeting at the armory. Also bring a flag of some sort with you if yo" can. KILLED BY SNOWSLIDE Grants Pass., Or., Mar. 27. A snow slide in the Canyon Creek district, 4o miles southwest of Grants PasB, swept the cabin of D. P. Steerns and K. E. Lautzenhiser, miners, down a mountain side, and the men to their death. Their bodies were found yesterday, nrobablv three weeks after the slide, and were brought to Kerby today. The 'snow piled up for several feet over r. .... . , mountain after its wild dash down the ulnr, Tho uli.ta nrotifiblv pnmR at niurht and the men were smothered under the snow. rt x n m f s HEW RUSSIA MAY BREAK GERMANY'S HOLD mm May Be Able to Bring About the Withdrawal of Bulgaria STEADY IMPROVEMENT VISIBLE EVERYWHERE Grand Dukes All Join In De sire to Serve New Government ret rograd. Mar. 27. The Grand Dukes Nicholas, Michael, Alexander, Boris, Serge, tieorge and Diniitri and the l'rinccss Gabriel, Igor and Alexand er, today joined in a formal telegraphic notice to the new government declaring their desire to associate themselves with Russia under her new regime. All declared they supported the view expressed by the Grand Duke Michael in abdicating the throne and expressed the belief that their rights and privil eges under the old regime should now be exercised by the new government. A steady improvement in conditions were visible today. The new. municipal authority is maintaining excellent or der throughout the city. Provisions are now coming regularly into the city and the volume is in creasing. Prices arc slightly reduced. All the now ministers work day and night, mapping out govcrnmenta .lans. One striking thing is the picturo of the Chapmars and other squares in the city filled with recruits training for service at tho front. The efficiency o'f the new regime is exemplified in hundreds of arrests of spies. ; May Loosen German Grip. Tetrograd, Mar. 27. Tho new Russia may break the grip of the central em pires in tho Balkans may even 'bring about withdrawal of Bulgaria and Tur key from the war, according to develop ments today. Two moves by the new government loaders were cited as like ly to have tcr reaching effect to this end. ' First is the plan of Minister of Jus tice Konesky for "internationalization of Constantinople." Konesky agrees (Continued on page two.) French Find Desolation In Wake of German Retreat Suffering Is By Henry Wood, (United Press Stuff C'0'.-.'e?pondent.) With the French Army in the Path way of the German Retreat, March 2(5. More than three hundred women, children and aged men are known to have succumbed to the hardship, the ex posure, the brutality, the starvation which the Germans imposed upon the French civil population immediately preceding and during the retreat. In Chauny alono 1 learned officially today the victims numbered ISO. They were buried coffinlcss in a corner of the village. Deaths are still occurring daily among the refugees now under French care. Along the roads leading from Ham, Guiscard, Chauny Tcrgnier and La Fere to Noyon, where on Tuesday J personally met only refugees fleeing atoot from the German bombardment, I eacountered today long automobile convoys. After taking munitions and!""" xr.'.B",u't! " TT'..Tf. .. " supplies to front points where fighting is going on, these automobiles were re-1 turning laden with refugees too sick or too exhausted to proceed afoot. Died from Hardships. These were mostly the aged. Many were dying from hardship, exposure and starvation but, as they declared, dying happily, knowing their villages were redeemed and surviving loved ones freed from the German domina tion. Everyone of the refugees with whom I talked declared the greatest mortal ity resulted from a barbarous system of inspection which the German em ployed immediately preceding the re treat. The civil population of their en tire district to be evacuated was con centrated in great camps. All wwe ordered to present themselves at a fixed date for a final census of identi fication. Although tho temperature ranged from zero to nine degrees below in the various concentration centers every one was forced to gather in an open square. The sick were carried on j Stretcnerg; tn nuunea ua ne P ess 1 ...... kn,na Kv ihoii- insa heinh'H "J . ! friends. . 1 From SIX O'clock tO the morning tie hour set for the inspection these , ill-clad, Ul-nunshed retugecs wcre MUCH COTTON BURNED Galveston, Texas, Mar. 27. Fifty thousand bales of cotton valued at $10,000,000 were de stroyed by fire In a warehouse at Vladivostok last week, ac cording to authoritative advice from Japan, which have been re ceived by Lloyds agent here. It is not known what other quantities of freight were de stroyed, but the supposition i the entire loss was much great er, as a tremendous stock of all kinds of merchandise had been accumulated there because of congestion on the trans-Siberian railroad. MANY CATTLE DEAD Tortland, Ore., Mar.-. 27. Several thousand head of cat tle are dead in the Inland Em pire as a result of unseason ably cold weather and the in ability of stockmen to secure feed, according to advices reach ing here today. In some sections of central Oregon thousands of cattle were put out on the snow covered ranges because of tho feed famine. The exact losses will not be known for some time. Heavy losses in sheep and lambs aro also reported, ' CYCLONE KILLS ELEVEN Montgomery, Ala., Mar. 27. Eeports late this afternoonf con flicted on the death toll in the section of l'ike county, swept by a tornado last night. At Petrie, according to late reports, 11 persons, including five ne groes, are known dead. An earlier report said 14 were killed. Two negroes were killed and several buildings razed at Ans ley. Relief expeditions depart ed from LaPine this afternoon for both towns. OWNERS GET APPAM . Washington, Mar. 27 Tho su premo court this afternoon is sued its mandate turning over the German prize steamer Ap pam with her cargo to her Bri tish owners. , Moro than 100 cars of hay have been sent to liobinclte, Baker county, to save stock from starvation. Indescribable forced to wait in thiis freezing cold without shelter, without food for five or six hours before the German oficers arrived, Died In the Street. At Chauny, where six thousand wo men, children and aged men under went such an ordeal, three died in the open street hetorc the inspection was concluded. Thirty died tho following night from pneumonia, lung congestion and pleurisy. On succeeding days the resulting deaths reached i.iu. Others were still dying todny from similar affections This was true, not only of Chauny, but of other concentration centers as well the number of deaths depending on the degree of cold and the length of exposure. In the larger towns in the path of the Geltnan retreat like Ham, Chauny nn.l rr.. .... ..mo jn:.1 ,.lnT ta L. , fnr t,.p , pkll , .. ' la ... treat was actually begun. Regular crews of destroyers system atically burned and dynamited houses in other parts of the city. Moving vans carried off to Germany furniture and valuables. Some officers from General Von Fleck down carried off furniture from rooms which they personally oc cupied, burning what remained. The city of Ham was left so devoid of all furniture, I was told by one refugee, that at the moment of depar ture when General Von Fleck wished to write a hnnl order, he was obliged to send officers and men hunting for a chair. One was finally found in the city hall after half an hour's search. Some Officers Apologized. Some officers apologized to the popu lation, declaring they were forced to carry out the kaiser's orders. Ham, like Eoye, was blown up ffnr ing the night. The explosions and shocks terrified the French civilians. They did not know the wholesale uu . ""-"-"" not. hn npnnitteri to see the nrenara- r - .. tions. When the detonations siioon tne city they were huddled together in a (Continued on page three,) WHAT CONGRESS V1LL HAVE TO SAY ABOUT S1TUAT10 Bad Faith and Violation cf Treaties Abundant Cause for War GERMANY'S ACTS ALONE CAUSED STATE OF WAR py and Censorship Bills To. Be Passed Among First Acted On By Robert J. Bender. (United Press g&ff correspondent.) Washington, Mar.' 27. The resolution to be introduced in congress on April .1, immediately after the. president con cludes his address to the joint session, will declare that tho time has come when the Uuitad States must viudicatct decisively its honor and its rights. It will declare that by tho acts jf , Germany a state.of .war exists and that congress places at the disposition of the president the means of vigorously prose cuting tho war and thereby hastening th restoration of peace. While President Wilson is completing his indictment of Germany this week the house foreign affairs committee in preparing the war resolution. Anticipating the trend of the presi dent's indictment, the committee, ac cording to present plans, will draw the resolution along the following lines: That wanton violation of the rights of persons and property of our citizens, committed by Germany; her repeated acts of bad faith and utter disregard of solemn treaties have constituted uerniany BesponsiDie. That Germany's acts have becn such as to justify the TJnited States before the Whole world in resorting to remed ies however extreme. That, with an anxious desire to avoid a rupture, we forebore for months to assert our rights by force and continued by amicable negotiations to seek re dress, for wrongs suffered, in the hope that Germany might yield to pacilio counsel and "demands of justice; That in this hope the people, of the United States was disappointed; That the time has come when this country must vindicate decisively her honor and interest; That solely by the acts of Germany a state of war exists between that gov ernment and tho United States; and that the coniess of tho United States places at this disposition of the presi dent the means of prosecuting the war vigorously and thereuy hastening the restoration of peace. Will Provide Tunds. The resolution will also authorize lib eral provision for sustaining and in creasing the army and navy. , Meetings will bo held by the commit teo throughout the week and all emerg ency legislation for immediate introduc tion into congress will be drawn. Spy bills, a censor-ship bill ad a measure authorizing the state depart ment to employ men not under civil ser vico in the District- of Columbia for intelligence work, are among the leg islative plans slated. There is no indication yet that the president will desire any embargo legis lation at first. 1 Todny the president meets with his cabinet to discuss tne preparedness work. Congress meets April 2, but the first day will be devoted to organizing. The president expects one day sufficient for organization and will address the body the following day Tuesday. May Loan Billion. One plan under consideration is to ask congress for a bond issue of $1,000,000. 000 or more, the proceeds of which are to bo used for purchasing French bond and thus aid the allies in prosecution of the war. That, the old Prussian treaty will be abrogated 'n taken for granted from tha tenor of yesterday's note to Germany on the subject. The war department has said publicly thnt it has no plan for "molesting resi dent aliens" if they observe the laws of the country. Many of the Germans fleeing te-Mex- (Continued on page threei) THE WEATHER Oregos: JTo night and Wed nesday occasion al rain, warmer ettt portion to night; southwest erly wiuda. AREA '