OVER 4300 DAILY
4 $ B
. W A A
FORTIETH YEAR NO. 74
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, MARCH 27, 1917
PRICE TWO CENTS
OX TR AINS AND NF.W3
STANDS VI V B C E NTS
FRENCH ABE WITHItl
Allied Pursuit Continues Hot
ly, Is Marked by Fierce
TRY TO DRIVE WEDGE TO
SPLIT GERMAN DEFENSE
Secret Wireless Plant Found
, by Russians Russians
By William Philip Simms.
d'nited Tress staff correspondent.).
With the British Annies Afield, Mar.
27. The new German line today was
under direct menace from Anglo French
forces at several points.
With the systematic, organized pur
suit of the Teutonic forces there was
the greatest speculation nil along the
front on whether the enemy would be
able to cling there until once again
allied guns pound them out ami force
them to retreat, as they retreated from
their old positions.
An underground city where at least
3,000 Germans must have lived in great
comfort, was uncovered by the advanc
ing troops' todny. The Germans had
furnished their quarters with inlaid
furniture, costly mirrors and many lux
uries. Fursuit Is Hot.
London, Mar. 27. Tho allied pursuit
continued holly today, marked by vio
lent fighting of both open and massed
character at half a dozen points along
the 50-mile front now rapidly nearing
the permanent German line.
The French were within less than a
mile of the "Mindenburg line" and
progressing" "Steadily, despite' inunda
tions and increasingly strong resistance
from the enemy.
Nearest approach of tho British, to
1he line was around Lngnieourt, about
11 miles west of Cambrai. There was
bitter fighting in this neighborhood to
- ilny, German massed forces desperately
htrivxing to rc-take the village. But.
the British held firm and beat oi'f all
Two heights commanding the German
forefront were under especially heavy
drive by the Freuch. Essigny, one of
Hiese, has already fallen into French
bawls and today was under fire of Ger
man counter attack. Another near Be
nny was being deluged with French ar
tillery. With both in the allies' hands,
military critics assert the safety of the
Gei man line about St . Quentin would
lie seriously impaired.
General Nivelle's wedge, which seeks
u split in the German line, is being driv
en forward at this point.
Secret Wireless Station.
Pi'trogrnd, Mar. Si.A secret wire
less station at Tsnrskoe Nolo, which is
suspected of having furnished communi
cation in the past between pro-German
Kussinn ministers and Berlin was dis
Kvidence 'which the new gov
eminent 's agents had collected showed
it was said, tuat tins station was es
tablished by the former minister of the
interior, Frotopopo'cf, without the
The government, it was declared, had
, other evidence culininativo in forcing
the conclusion that the old regime did
not scruple to plot Russia's destruc
(Continued on page four.)
I ABE MARTIN
river notice how some girls jump
at tV chance t' wear a veilf After bers waiting to trap mm ne win mane
waitin' fer years fer a millionaire with' a two hour talk without notes filled
broken leg" t' come along, Mrs. Tilford' with cumbersome figures and intricate
Moots' niece has given up nursin' an '11 facts, and neveT score an error,
retun t' her ole position a granite- Nobody is really more sure of' him-wa'-e
clerk at th' Emporium. self than Bonar Law. Take that little
New Political Party
- Formed in Russia Today
I'etrograd, Mar. 27. A new political
pt-rty was formed here today with the
formal designation "republican demo
crats" the new branch includes in its
membership some of the progressive of
the duma delegates as well as the nia?-
0' of Petrograd, the chief of militia, the
prefer 1 others.
Tot. v Miean democrats will be a
govern, o, party, concerning itseir
1 rimarm q rganiiation or elections
to the coi. it assembly.
Minister k istice Kereuskv, who
lsst week sa "V favored woman suf
frage in the Uv "win, declared today
it was "improb . 'tis suffrage could
be granted in tii. 4 elections to the
"There is not sut
pnre for such n great
..t time to pre
pt'nrm," he add-
Strict Censorship Imposed
and Assignment of Troops
Chicago, Mar. 27. General Barry, in
command of the Central division of
the army, issued sealed orderg today
as to the disposition of the thirty
nine military guard units now under
arms in the central division. A strict
censorship has been imposed and no
announcement will be made concern
ing the assignment of the troops.
it was learned today that the as
signments' will be fixed very largely
upon tho recommendation or the de
partment of justice. An elaborate sys
tem has been at work for months col
lecting information regarding danger
points as hostilities gTOW nearer and
department of justice officials have
been in close touch with military of
ficials lor several days. These confer
ences were continued at the federal
Several special agents from Wash
ington, whose identities have been care
fully concealed have taken part in the
conferences. They are believed to have
conveved information too confidential
to be sent in the mails.
Today the central west is engaged
in tne biggest ' recruiting . campaign
since the civil war. None of the regi
ments are up to the war strength as
provided in recent legislation 2,002
men and fifty five officers. While the
response has been ready, recruiting of
ficers have been greatly disappointed
at tii physical condition of the appli
cants. Some stations in the division report
that eighty per cent of the men exam
ined are plivsicallv unfit for the army
The same proportion is holding for the
recruiting agents of the regular army,
navy and marine corps.
Chancellor Bonar Law Has
Word Picture Painted By
One Who Has Studied Him
By Lowell Mellett,
(United Press Staff Corresjiondent.)
London, March 27. If you wanted to
borrow a dollar, you wouldn't pick out
your bashf ullest frieud to do the job
for you would you?
That s just the difference between
you and the British prime minister.
Lloyd-George wanted to borrow all
he could get. So he picked out the
most diffident, most unassuming man
in Knglish public life to turn the trick
America, meet Mr. Bonar Law, chan
cellor of the exchequer of Great
There 's a Scotch grin tucked behind
his rugged and drooping moustache, and
a Scotch chuckle located somewhere in
that long, lean waist. He'll beat any
thing you have to say, provided your
facts are on straight. Don t muss
them up when you're talking to Mr.
Law. He is too courteous to give you
away, but he'U put down a marit
against you for future roterence.
Deadly In Execution.
The thrillingest moments of the pres
ent parliament have been occasioned
by Mr. Law's deadly executions. In
the midst of an argument designed to
dessicate the opposition, he will casu
'In this respect I agree with the
honorable and learned gentleman from
Whereupon he jumps the h and 1
gent from B and hotly denies' such ac
Into one of his nine pockets reaches
Mr. Law. Out comes a clipping dated
some months or years ago, quoting the
angry gentleman just as represented.
Its a fascinating game for the in-
.. tj t jiLv. ti, vtn!veek from today.
and while he seems always to dig into a
.different pocket, it's never the wrong;
0nSi.. I.;- i ,i;aJt'Ierk' anJ !hose who possess special
memory. Bonar Law never forgets. la
the fa'ee of a house filled with mem-
III POUR MONEY
OUT TO AID ALLIES
IF WAR DECLARED
Bankers Say Country. Could
Spare Five Billion and
Not Miss It
AID WOULD END THE WAR
financiers Mobilizing Re
sources In Order Meet
WHAT IT WILL DO
Here is what the stupendous
sum of 'five billion dollars will
XiS completely equipped sti-per-dreadnauglits
of the Penn
sylvania class which cost $14,
7,143 fast destroyers and tor
pedo boats which cost about
$700,000 each and leave a trifle
of two millions over.
Hun the war for England and
France about one hundred days.
By Webb Miller.
(United Tress staff correspondent)
New York, Mar. 27. The United
States, the treasure house of the world
is able to loan' the allies the stagger
ing sum of five billions of dollars with
out noticeably affecting the financial
situation in this country.
An official of one of the largest Am
erican banking institutions today told
the l.'nited liress this country is in a
position to loon five times the amount
of our national debt to the allies in
case of war between tho United States
In tiie gold piled up in this country is
the power, if loosed, to end the war, in
the opinion of the banker.
"At this time the wealth of the Uni
tde States is estimated at two hundred
billon dollars," snid the banker.
"Without hesitation 1 would say that
we are able to loan the allies any
nmouiit necessnry to bring about the
end of the war. Wo could do it without
(Continued on page twa.)
matter of raising five billion dollars.
Humbly as befitting a mere cabinet
member, he went to the inner circle
of British finance. He asked the great
I money experts how it should be done,
I They fixed up a plan. Law decided on
only one change. He made the interest
five per cent instead of six.
What He Accomplished.
"Can't bo done," protested tho inner
circle of finance.
"Well, we'll try it," modestly ob
served the chancellor.
All the world, including Germany,
now knows well it was done. The
change of one percent saved Britain
fifty million dollars a year interest.
Bonar Law told your correspondent
why he was so confident he could raise
a great loan at five per cent.
(Continued on page four.)
TING MEASURES TO
Oldest and Most Trusted
Guards On Duty When He
Washington, Mar. 27. Precaution
ary measures of the most elaborate
kind will bo taken to protect President
Wilson from any harm when he deliv
ers his war message to congress one
, T.he capitol building will be closed
" 7 " "J. ,h rir
cards for admission. These cards will
not be given out until shortly before
the president arrives for fear they
might be duplicated or transferred and
r. . . .
nmi one rniin entrance whn flops rntithn ton or the But at tne loot OI inc
TW nlrlsat n.l tnniit trnotpil miara
(Continued on pags thfee.)
CHANCELLOR BONAR LAW
! Colonel Dentner ot Regular
Army Among Speakers
Bring a Flap,
homes will be practically de
serted tomorrow night, at least that is
the prediction, for the huge patriotic
mass meeting to be held at the armory
certain to attract an wno possiui.v
can get away, this cveni, in
ways, will be the culminating point oi
For a week the efforts of company
M and tho Salem Commercial ciuo
hove centered on the work of making
this gathering one of the largest and
most representative that has over hon
ored, this citv. me mouiiizaiiuu ui m
ntioiiHl Biiard has insured an even
more demonstrative meeting than was
hoped for. ;; - p. .
Governor w itnycomuo win it"
and make a brief address on the proD
loma confronting- the administration
with relation to the international cri
sis. The duty of the guardsmen at una
moment will come in for some comment
from tho governor.
Another speaker win ue voiuniu v.
K. Dentler of the United States army.
The war department some time ago
detailed Colonel Dentler to the north
west to supervise the worn or organiz
ing the national guard. During the past
few weeks he has visited numerous cit
ies and addressed chambers of com
merce, commercial iclubs and other or
ganizations He is making his head
quarters Ht Vancouver, Washington,
where the Twenty first . infantry is
stationed. . , ,.
Colonel Dentler will give his Sudi-
;inl,t into the aims of the
national guard and explain its work
ings as only sn army oincer mm
man dose ' in' touch with military ar
George V. Hodgers, former
mayor, is also on the program
diversion for the audience
the Salem military band will play at
frequent intervals and the high school
glee club is 011 the bill for a number
of selections. .
Fraternal organizations nave
eated their intention ot being present.
Special seats have been reserved lor
J . . j. ii..ii.t. ... V, . n t-A until -
the Knights or ryun
ing in full uniform, the Moose lodge
and other societies. The Girls' Honor
guard which numbers considerably
more than a hundred members, will at
tend in a body.
Tonight the pn ilic is invited to tne
armorv to attend the review of com
pany "M. This is to be an entirely in
formal aftair and there will be but
little drilling as the work of outfitting
the new members must go on.
Lieutenant Dana H. Allen, who has
charge of the campaign lor recruiting
the company, is greatly pleased at the
manner in which Salem young men
have responded to the call. By tonight
it is thought there will be fully a hun
dred men enrolled.
"This is a chance for the boys to
show where their sympathies lie, ' de
clared Lieutenant Allen in discussing
recruiting matters. "I have always
maintained that Salem lads would be
t,on,i tvVinn thev were wanted and
the manner in which they came for
ward yesterday confirms my prediction
But wc can still use a iew i
the sooner they report at the armory
and get in line-the better it will be for
A final word to Salem citizens is
voiced by the otticers of the company
anil Manager McDaniel of the Com
mercial club. It ig this be on hand
tninnrrnU' my ht lor the big meeting at
the armory. Also bring a flag of some
sort with you if yo" can.
KILLED BY SNOWSLIDE
Grants Pass., Or., Mar. 27. A snow
slide in the Canyon Creek district, 4o
miles southwest of Grants PasB, swept
the cabin of D. P. Steerns and K. E.
Lautzenhiser, miners, down a mountain
side, and the men to their death.
Their bodies were found yesterday,
nrobablv three weeks after the slide,
and were brought to Kerby today. The
'snow piled up for several feet over
r. .... . ,
mountain after its wild dash down the
ulnr, Tho uli.ta nrotifiblv pnmR at niurht
and the men were smothered under the
rt x n m f
HEW RUSSIA MAY
May Be Able to Bring About
the Withdrawal of
Grand Dukes All Join In De
sire to Serve New
ret rograd. Mar. 27. The Grand
Dukes Nicholas, Michael, Alexander,
Boris, Serge, tieorge and Diniitri and
the l'rinccss Gabriel, Igor and Alexand
er, today joined in a formal telegraphic
notice to the new government declaring
their desire to associate themselves
with Russia under her new regime.
All declared they supported the view
expressed by the Grand Duke Michael
in abdicating the throne and expressed
the belief that their rights and privil
eges under the old regime should now
be exercised by the new government.
A steady improvement in conditions
were visible today. The new. municipal
authority is maintaining excellent or
der throughout the city.
Provisions are now coming regularly
into the city and the volume is in
creasing. Prices arc slightly reduced.
All the now ministers work day and
night, mapping out govcrnmenta .lans.
One striking thing is the picturo of
the Chapmars and other squares in the
city filled with recruits training for
service at tho front.
The efficiency o'f the new regime is
exemplified in hundreds of arrests of
May Loosen German Grip.
Tetrograd, Mar. 27. Tho new Russia
may break the grip of the central em
pires in tho Balkans may even 'bring
about withdrawal of Bulgaria and Tur
key from the war, according to develop
ments today. Two moves by the new
government loaders were cited as like
ly to have tcr reaching effect to this
First is the plan of Minister of Jus
tice Konesky for "internationalization
of Constantinople." Konesky agrees
(Continued on page two.)
French Find Desolation In
Wake of German Retreat
By Henry Wood,
(United Press Stuff C'0'.-.'e?pondent.)
With the French Army in the Path
way of the German Retreat, March 2(5.
More than three hundred women,
children and aged men are known to
have succumbed to the hardship, the ex
posure, the brutality, the starvation
which the Germans imposed upon the
French civil population immediately
preceding and during the retreat.
In Chauny alono 1 learned officially
today the victims numbered ISO. They
were buried coffinlcss in a corner of
the village. Deaths are still occurring
daily among the refugees now under
Along the roads leading from Ham,
Guiscard, Chauny Tcrgnier and La
Fere to Noyon, where on Tuesday J
personally met only refugees fleeing
atoot from the German bombardment,
I eacountered today long automobile
After taking munitions and!""" xr.'.B",u't! " TT'..Tf. .. "
supplies to front points where fighting
is going on, these automobiles were re-1
turning laden with refugees too sick or
too exhausted to proceed afoot.
Died from Hardships.
These were mostly the aged. Many
were dying from hardship, exposure
and starvation but, as they declared,
dying happily, knowing their villages
were redeemed and surviving loved
ones freed from the German domina
tion. Everyone of the refugees with whom
I talked declared the greatest mortal
ity resulted from a barbarous system
of inspection which the German em
ployed immediately preceding the re
treat. The civil population of their en
tire district to be evacuated was con
centrated in great camps. All wwe
ordered to present themselves at a
fixed date for a final census of identi
fication. Although tho temperature ranged
from zero to nine degrees below in the
various concentration centers every
one was forced to gather in an open
square. The sick were carried on
j Stretcnerg; tn nuunea ua ne P ess
1 ...... kn,na Kv ihoii- insa heinh'H
! friends. .
1 From SIX O'clock tO the morning
tie hour set for the inspection these
, ill-clad, Ul-nunshed retugecs wcre
MUCH COTTON BURNED
Galveston, Texas, Mar. 27.
Fifty thousand bales of cotton
valued at $10,000,000 were de
stroyed by fire In a warehouse
at Vladivostok last week, ac
cording to authoritative advice
from Japan, which have been re
ceived by Lloyds agent here.
It is not known what other
quantities of freight were de
stroyed, but the supposition i
the entire loss was much great
er, as a tremendous stock of all
kinds of merchandise had been
accumulated there because of
congestion on the trans-Siberian
MANY CATTLE DEAD
Tortland, Ore., Mar.-. 27.
Several thousand head of cat
tle are dead in the Inland Em
pire as a result of unseason
ably cold weather and the in
ability of stockmen to secure
feed, according to advices reach
ing here today. In some sections
of central Oregon thousands of
cattle were put out on the snow
covered ranges because of tho
feed famine. The exact losses
will not be known for some
time. Heavy losses in sheep and
lambs aro also reported, '
CYCLONE KILLS ELEVEN
Montgomery, Ala., Mar. 27.
Eeports late this afternoonf con
flicted on the death toll in the
section of l'ike county, swept
by a tornado last night. At
Petrie, according to late reports,
11 persons, including five ne
groes, are known dead.
An earlier report said 14 were
Two negroes were killed and
several buildings razed at Ans
ley. Relief expeditions depart
ed from LaPine this afternoon
for both towns.
OWNERS GET APPAM .
Washington, Mar. 27 Tho su
premo court this afternoon is
sued its mandate turning over
the German prize steamer Ap
pam with her cargo to her Bri
Moro than 100 cars of hay have been
sent to liobinclte, Baker county, to
save stock from starvation.
forced to wait in thiis freezing cold
without shelter, without food for five
or six hours before the German oficers
Died In the Street.
At Chauny, where six thousand wo
men, children and aged men under
went such an ordeal, three died in the
open street hetorc the inspection was
concluded. Thirty died tho following
night from pneumonia, lung congestion
On succeeding days the resulting
deaths reached i.iu. Others were still
dying todny from similar affections
This was true, not only of Chauny,
but of other concentration centers as
well the number of deaths depending
on the degree of cold and the length
In the larger towns in the path of
the Geltnan retreat like Ham, Chauny
nn.l rr.. .... ..mo jn:.1 ,.lnT ta
L. , fnr t,.p , pkll , .. ' la ...
treat was actually begun.
Regular crews of destroyers system
atically burned and dynamited houses
in other parts of the city. Moving
vans carried off to Germany furniture
Some officers from General Von
Fleck down carried off furniture
from rooms which they personally oc
cupied, burning what remained.
The city of Ham was left so devoid
of all furniture, I was told by one
refugee, that at the moment of depar
ture when General Von Fleck wished
to write a hnnl order, he was obliged
to send officers and men hunting for
a chair. One was finally found in the
city hall after half an hour's search.
Some Officers Apologized.
Some officers apologized to the popu
lation, declaring they were forced to
carry out the kaiser's orders.
Ham, like Eoye, was blown up ffnr
ing the night. The explosions and
shocks terrified the French civilians.
They did not know the wholesale
uu . ""-"-""
not. hn npnnitteri to see the nrenara-
r - ..
tions. When the detonations siioon tne
city they were huddled together in a
(Continued on page three,)
V1LL HAVE TO SAY
Bad Faith and Violation cf
Treaties Abundant Cause
GERMANY'S ACTS ALONE
CAUSED STATE OF WAR
py and Censorship Bills To.
Be Passed Among First
By Robert J. Bender.
(United Press g&ff correspondent.)
Washington, Mar.' 27. The resolution
to be introduced in congress on April
.1, immediately after the. president con
cludes his address to the joint session,
will declare that tho time has come
when the Uuitad States must viudicatct
decisively its honor and its rights.
It will declare that by tho acts jf ,
Germany a state.of .war exists and that
congress places at the disposition of the
president the means of vigorously prose
cuting tho war and thereby hastening
th restoration of peace.
While President Wilson is completing
his indictment of Germany this week
the house foreign affairs committee in
preparing the war resolution.
Anticipating the trend of the presi
dent's indictment, the committee, ac
cording to present plans, will draw the
resolution along the following lines:
That wanton violation of the rights
of persons and property of our citizens,
committed by Germany; her repeated
acts of bad faith and utter disregard
of solemn treaties have constituted
That Germany's acts have becn such
as to justify the TJnited States before
the Whole world in resorting to remed
ies however extreme.
That, with an anxious desire to avoid
a rupture, we forebore for months to
assert our rights by force and continued
by amicable negotiations to seek re
dress, for wrongs suffered, in the hope
that Germany might yield to pacilio
counsel and "demands of justice;
That in this hope the people, of the
United States was disappointed;
That the time has come when this
country must vindicate decisively her
honor and interest;
That solely by the acts of Germany
a state of war exists between that gov
ernment and tho United States; and
that the coniess of tho United States
places at this disposition of the presi
dent the means of prosecuting the war
vigorously and thereuy hastening the
restoration of peace.
Will Provide Tunds.
The resolution will also authorize lib
eral provision for sustaining and in
creasing the army and navy. ,
Meetings will bo held by the commit
teo throughout the week and all emerg
ency legislation for immediate introduc
tion into congress will be drawn.
Spy bills, a censor-ship bill ad a
measure authorizing the state depart
ment to employ men not under civil ser
vico in the District- of Columbia for
intelligence work, are among the leg
islative plans slated.
There is no indication yet that the
president will desire any embargo legis
lation at first. 1
Todny the president meets with his
cabinet to discuss tne preparedness
Congress meets April 2, but the first
day will be devoted to organizing. The
president expects one day sufficient for
organization and will address the body
the following day Tuesday.
May Loan Billion.
One plan under consideration is to ask
congress for a bond issue of $1,000,000.
000 or more, the proceeds of which are
to bo used for purchasing French bond
and thus aid the allies in prosecution of
That, the old Prussian treaty will be
abrogated 'n taken for granted from tha
tenor of yesterday's note to Germany
on the subject.
The war department has said publicly
thnt it has no plan for "molesting resi
dent aliens" if they observe the laws
of the country.
Many of the Germans fleeing te-Mex-
(Continued on page threei)
night and Wed
al rain, warmer
ettt portion to
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