Newspaper Page Text
ft . ft
CIRCULATION IS OVER 4400 DAILY . lie ilifeJfeMfc i FULL LEASED WIRE DISPATCHES 4 a 4 FORTIETH YEAR NO. 93 SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 18, 1917 PRICE TWO CENTS ON TRAINS AND NEWS STANDS FTVB OKNTH 01 HUN Or DESPERATE BATTLE Continuous Stream of Prison Flows Back Through British Iines-227 Guns and K J Men Taken In Drive Tremendous. British Shell kWeakens German Soldiers' Nerves-Germany's Hold k French Territory Almost Broken By William Phipip Simms, (United Press Staff Correspondent) With the British Annies Afield, April 18. Captures by the British army since April 9 in its.great push reached the vast total of 14,000 men and 227 guns today. There are still more streaming back constantly from the front. Around Lens and St. Quentin Field Marshal Haig is stretching a tight nooseand increasing the pressure every hour. The Germans are fighting desperately against this steadily applied pressure. But the prisoners exhibit a loss of courage to face the tremendous hell of the British artillery fire that must be giving the German general staff deepest concern. Between Guizecourt and Villeret the British made a slight advance today. . , Wancourt tower, in which the Germans had regained It was noticeable today that the German artillery has a bad case of the nerves. Their gunners fire excitedly and wildly on the slightest provocation. Their marksman ship is very ragged. The weather continued abominable today squally, rainy, dark and windy. ' Hold on Trance Menaced. By Henry Wood. ('United Press staff correspondent.) With the French Armies in the Field, April IS. All of Germany's hold on Fin nee was menaced today by the! worm's most manic onensive. It is a struggle between Von Hindcn-! burg and the master strategists of the Fra-ico-Britich staffs, on a battle scale undreamed of before France's part in this greatest of all drives was preceded by the greatest lioinbardment in its history. The artil lery roar began Friday. Millions of shells hurled over the lines daily. The French marksmanship was so deadly th:tt the first German prisoners caught in the infantry sweep forward declared or their companies of 2D0 men the aver age that survived was only 80 each. The sudden Franco-British drive shat tered Germany's hopes to avoid a spring offensive by their retreat. The French onslaught now gathering its greatest momentum, combined with! .'idvances begun by the British, makes a I continuous battle line from Dixmude to Rlicims. . A Hundred Mile Fight. Tt is the battle of a hundred mile front. I Today the French advance between R'leims and Soissons menaces the entire German line, coupled with the British attack on St. Quentin and the advance r" Haig's troops toward Cambrai and l.eiis. France's onslaught is ou too gigantic ' a scale over this hundred mile front to pt'imit anyone to visualize the titantic . ' niggle ill its entirety. I Hut from the crest or one hill one Id -see durine- one stu"e of the great ' ' K ft . fct.ru cgle no less than the reasons for the Germans' tremendous losses. This one incident was France's feat in wrest ing one of the Germans' strongest de fensive positions from the enemy. The position consisted of a village surmounting n ravine. The bank of this ABE MARTIN Wearin' a Norfolk cost aft.-r vou're litty don't toot nobuddv. 'Bout th tamest, most uneventful thing wo know '. next-t' a rubber plu-it, i t is.l I'lincd child. j DRFD MILES ravine was honeycombed wltu cave. hewn out .of solid stoue; in treacherous ly dug quarry excavation and shafts. They had stationed their machine guns there strongly fortified in the rock which French artillery could not pierce. m mo impregnate quitinc the village the German infantry waited confidently the expected frontal attack from the French, Advance Resistless. Two columns of French .infantry sud denly began an encircling movement from the right and from the left. Every movement of these forces was visible to the naked eye. The soldiers advanced at almost a strolling pace alone the sum mit of two converging ridges. ' Their bodies were clearly silnouettect against the sky. Neither a veritable cloud of shrapnel which hung low over their heads nor high explosive barrages, nor gas shells hindered the slow, measured advance of these forces tor a single instant. Kot until both these columns simul taneously approached the outskirts of the village did the Germans, hidden in the quarry still awaiting that frontal attack realize that they had "out-Hindenbureed." been Instantly they rushed out their ma chine guns in a desperate attempt to cover a retreat. But they were too late. The French converging columns met be hind the village. They cut off all re treat. The Germans did not relish an at tempt to cut their way through. They hurriedly returned to the protection of the rock caves. And the French columns, gnonng tlieir existence ami leaving their ultimate capture to other troops, 1 4 4-1... i. ..til.,,. swept on to the east from the village, penetrating it. every step deeper into Since the story reached the navy dc the Germnn line. ' parttnent, wild rumors of the capture or destruction of the submarine have been Another Great Thrust. widely circulated. The censor pwmiises London, April 18. Field Marshal j that any such news will be made public Haig's greatest thrust today was toward jas soon as it reaches his ears officially. Cambrai. The incident is being used by recruit- Capture of the village of Villers ! ing officers the country over to prove Guislain, mm miles soutn or cambrai, was reported by the British commander-, in-chief. Improvement of the British positions around Lngnicourt, about the sumo distance to the west of this pivot al point in the Hindenburg line, was likewise achieved, he said. By capture of Villera Guislain, north east of Epehy, the British have pushed another wall of steel parallel to the artery of German communications be tween Cambtui and St. Quentin. Like Epeny, Ronssoy, Villeret, -Verguier and M aisscmy- all of which villages lie to the south Villers Guislain is approxi- recovery. May opened up 3 3-4 and aft matcly two miles distant from the Cam- er a temporary weakness climbed 11 1-4 brai-St. Quentin high road. The Bri- noints more to $2.32 1-4, making a total tish now parallel the high road for distance of 15 of tho 22 miles between the two towns. The drive which euveloped Villers Guislain was from the direction of Epehy, Haig reported, indicating ap parently a definite plan to parallel the! Cambrai-St. Quentin line by British May opened down 1-2, but subsequently forces which may at anji time strike I gained 2 1-2, going to 1.40 1-4. July suddenly somewhere along this 22 mile I opened lown 1, advancing 2 1-4 to $1. stretch and sever the artery. I ;i5 5-8. September opened down 1-4 Inhe meantime, Haig's laconic re- j and later gained 1 1-8 to $1.28 7-8. port,"the L.iguicourt position was im- Oats openiug lower, ruled steady. proved," means a blow struck at the key citv of CanibMi from the west. "East of Fpehy this morning we pro gressed." the British commander-iu- chief reported. "We captured the vil- - (Continued on page four.) OFFICERS SAW IT Washington, April 18. All doubt that submarine actually fired at the IT. . 8. dt royer Smiith taa swept aside today when a report direct from the Smith said the officers ou watch actually saw a periscope four hundred yards from the vessel. The statement of the officer was substantiated by tlio quar termaster and crew. I'p to today some navy men had thought perhRps the Smith was mistaken. The message said in substance: "Officer on watch saw the periscope four hundred yards away. Submarine disappeared. Wake' of torpedo then crossed starboard bow. Quartermaster oud guu crew substantiated of ficer's statement.'.' HEAVY FIRING HEARD THIS MORNING OFF NEW ENGLAND COAST Three Stations Make Same Report Indicates Fight ' with Diver Boston, Mass., April 18. Lieutenant Kdivard G. Wakesley, U. S. N, com munication officer of the first district at I'hnrlestown navy yard, announced today that heavy firing was reported off l'rincetown, Mass., by three dif ferent coast guard stations this morn ing. The reports were received by tele phone from station ,'!3 at Race Point, tation 34 at Peaked Bars Hills and station 32 at Prine.etowu. The three stations am located about l'rincetown bav and the firing; was reported as having occurred due . .north, which would locate it approximately in- the middle of the entrance to the bay. The firing was said to appear to be from heavy guns. It was thought that i a patrol boat might have come into conflict with a German submarine or raider, but this was purely conjecture. A wireless message with details of the firing is expected shortly at the navy yard. -: "' Firing for Some Minutes The first report was received at 9:15 from coast guard patrol station '.V2, located at Provincetown Bay. This station reported that they first heard fifteen shots from heavy guns and af ter an interval of fifteen minutes, con tinuous heavy firing was heard. They reported the firing as. due north. The second report arrived at 9:30 from const guard station 'Si at Race Point and told of hearing .shots from five or six guns and continuous firing after an interval of fifteen minutes. (Continued on page two.) American Navy Is Hunting Submarine Washington, April IS "Somewhere" in the Atlantic today the navy is trying to round up the sulking German sub- marine which yesterday fired the first shot of the war at the tinted States destroyer Smith. What craft was engaged iii the hunt or just where and how it proceeds must be withheld for military reasons. One thing, however, is certain the hunt is on with all tho enthusiasm of men who have been spoiling for a light. The warning to shipping to beware of this new Unking peril still stands and will be lifted only when the submarine ns been destroyed or cantured, or when ; it is reasonably sure that she is streak l. 1 j iujj homeward. tlieir plea "join the navy, if you want to get action and adventure." Wheat Up 15 Cents . . . .... Over Yesterdas Close Chicago, April 18. Feeling that the effect of free entry for Canadian wheat into the United States had been over estimated yesterday was prevalent among traders in the wheat pit today and May 'futures staged a spectacular advance of 15 cents over yesterday's close. July opened down 1 1-8, but later gained 0, going to $1.9l. September opened down 3-4, subsequently regain ing half to 1.07 1-4. torn developed weakness at the-open- ing, but later advanced with wheat May opened unchanged and later gain ed 1 1-2 to 00 1-8. Julv opened down 1-8 and pained 7-8 to 03 7-8. Septem ber opened down 3-8, later gaining 7-8 to 56 14. Provisions showed light advances de spite the sharp loss by hogs. RAiSI'.G ARMY OF 2 STEP ! Seven Billion Dollar Bond Is Out of Way of Other Matters CONSCRIPTION SYSTEM IS SURE TO BE ADOPTED ! Those Opposed Will Place Blame On President and Vote For It By Carl D. Groat (United Press staff correspondent) Washington, April 18. Raising a army of two million' men in two years i is the next step confronting the nation. The great $7,000,000,000 bond issue bill is now virtually a law. The senate, having unanimously pass ed it with minor amendments last night an agreement by conferees of house and senate was expected by the time both houses convene today at noon. The president was expected to sign the measure by this afternoon. The senate military committee was to report to day the administration bill for volun teers to fill present open gaps in the regular army and national guard, this to do followed y selective dralt. House opposition to selective draft is believed to have been considerably chilled by word from President Wilson and Secretary of War Baker that the administration will not hearken to any general volunteer plan, but must have selective conscription, and that soon. Opposition Failing As in times past white house pressure now promises to crumple congress op position. Members who heretofore have frankly declared they ieared to go "back for votes" if they favored the conscription plan, have changed over night. Many of these said they would support tho president regardless of po litical futures. Furthermore, recalcitrant, members now feel that President Wilson, in in sisting on his conscription system, as sumes the trull (responsibility beforo the country and relieves them in a measure from home folks. If opposition still menaces the bill, the administration will not hesitate to take the names and cases of the revolt ing straight to the public. (Continued on page four.) Conducting Open Campaign to Get Mexico to Fight United States El Paso, Texas, April 18. An expla nation of the opposition reported to have taken place on the floor of the j Mexican house of deputies to Carranzas ' neutrality plans, is brought here by' an arrival from the Mexican capital, reaching Kl Paso today. ,00(1,000 1 ISNEXTWAR FIE According to his account, German : m". .".r """ !JO-v Ht o cioi r. mis ... , .. .morning, propagandists arc conducting an ppen ! shp ,a(1 sl,(nt TueBdav ovcni nt lobby against the Carranza plan among: tho lonie of lipr ,,nrcrltS) Mr. and Mrs. deputies, using money freely to securo Paul F. Haubris, 610 Sixteenth avenue the support of the legislators for a!m,r,h. a'1 lpft thero at 11 p. in. in t, n, . ,, , jhappv spirits. They had been giving a Gennan-Mexican alliance. . . '!-, ' ,. ..... . B " f 'birthday party to a little niece. The informant has requested that j A ,1(n, a(;n wag ftcI.0Sg tlie foung nis name tie withheld, as lie is return- woman s torehcad. Tho body was in ing to Mexico. ia sitting posture, and evidently had According to his statement, the j been placed that way by the murderer, strife over the neutrality plan, which, I A bottle of milk, package of shrub according to dispatches, resulted injbery, a purse containing one cent and wildest scenes of disorder in tho Mcxi- some cakes were scattered about. She can congress Monday, is directly in spired by pro-German sources. He as serted that several deputies are openly advocating a German-Mexican alliance in opposition to the United States, while rumors that certain deputies have "sold out" to the German influ- ences i s common talk in the Mexican capital. TOOK OVER SHIPS Buenos Aires, April 18. Ar gentine formally took all Ger man interned ships "into cus tody" today. The official explanation for the action was to prevent Ger man crews ilamaging tlieir ves sels. Officially the government has not yet announced its course on the submarining of the Monte Protegido. A formal statement issued today pointed out that all cas ualties in Saturday's rioting were foreigners except the po liceman killed. WALL STREET GETS GHTQVERB HOT BIG TAXED Fear Investors In Stocks Will Un!oad to Purchase the Bonds WANT HIGHER INTEREST AND TAX KEPT ON THEM Popular Subscription Would Cut Out the Big. Financiers By Robert J. Bender. (United Press staff correspondent.) Washington, April 18. Wall street is "inch perturbed over the proposed meth od of floating the $7,000,000,000 bond issue. J. P. Morgan and other financiers of tho country are in Washington today attempting to have the present floating plan modified so as to show a little more consideration for the "street." Their fears are: That appeal for popular subscription to the issue will result in many small and even largo investors in stocks un loading to purchase the government bonds, because they are exempt from i taxation. That if this is done there will be fall ing market and the big New York and Chicago financiers would be unable to sell the bonds at a rate, of only 3 1-2 per cent. Tho "street" feels that the bulk oi tho great issue must necessarily fall on tho jNew.iork. financiers lor purchase. Therefore they want the issue to carry a higher rate of interest so that they may successfully fe-distribute them. They also don't want the bonds ex empted from taxation. Tho administration is deaf to these appeals. Tho issue will be launched as pro posed, through the treasury department, without provision for commissions and Secretary McAdoo feels there will be a great public response throughout the country. Meantime he has arranged a series of conferences with investment bankers to get their ideas on details. It is the purpose to make the first issue between $2,000,000,000 and $3, 000,000,000, depending largely on the immediate needs of the allies. This question will bo settled when the (Continued on page four.) OF Wife of Sculptor Wehn Seattle Found Dead in Alley of Seattle, Wash., April IS. Murdered by a blow on tho temple, evidently with a stone, the body of Mrs. Florence Wehn, age 27, wife of Sculptor James A. Wehn, was found on the parking of an unused street near 11th avenue west and. Wheeler street, Queene Anne had left her parente home carrying tho articles. Wehn, the young husband collapsed st the scene of the murder this morn ing. He had been working at the, state university last night, and did not ac company his wite. Iney bad no chil dren. ' Paul Haubris, the woman's father, is a police telephone operator at cen tral station. FIGHTING- IN MEXICO Kl Paso, Texas, April 18. Fighting between Villistas and General Murguia's government forces is again in progress to day at Kl Vallo, according to reports reaching here today. American telegraph operators returning from Juarez where they were suddenly relieved by Mexican operators at their keys declare that messago from Mar guin, asking for hospital accom modations for his wounded were received at Juarez tele graph offices. , 1 Berlin, April IS. Via Loa don. "Our prisoners on the Aisno were increased today to over .I.OOC." declared today's official statement. The war office said that, fol lowing a, failure to advance yes terday, the French under the effect of their heavy losses and exhausted eonditiuu, did not , continue en attempt today, "the object of which was to pierce our lines." Enemy attacks were ropolsed at, Legodani and Courcy, in the Champagne, the statement con tinued. Portions of the wood be tween Moronvillcrs and Auber ive wore wrested from the French colored troops which had already reached that place. TO Government Wants Coast To Go the limit in Wooden Ship Building . Portland, Ore., April 18. Indicating that the government intends to start tho construction of the great fleet of "Bea jitneys" in ship yards along the north Pacific coast soon, telegrams were received here today by shipbuilders from the government advising them to prepare for extensive wooden ship con struction. Several are importuned to in crease their facilities to the limit and a number of new yards both on Puget sound and along the Willamette and Columbia are planned. Shipbuilders .say they are unable to learn whether the government intends to deal directly in ships or to co-operate with private interests. An announce ment is expected soon, however, as Theodore Brent, vice-chairman of the federal shipping board; who has just completed a trip through tho northwest is now on his way east with a detailed report. GERMAN INSURANCE COMPANIES Dcs Moines, Iowa, April 18. The status of German insurnnco companies in this country was under discussion at today's session of the National Insur ance Commissioners' convention. Presi dent J. 8. Phillips, of New York, re called the recent proclamation by Presi dent Wilson authorizing Germnn com panies having branches in this country to continue business, providing no tun do were transferred outside tho Uni ted States or used as a basis of credit to tho enemy. IS OVER BRITISH RAID Thinks It Wrong to Attack Them In Reprisal for Sink ing Hospital Ships Berlin, via London, April 18. An official announcement by the war of fice says Hint 11 persons have been killed, 29 injured and considerable damage done to the university build ing by an air attack on Friedliurg. The" official statement follows: "On Saturday at noon an enemy air squadron of 12 airplanes attacked the open town of Freiburg in lireisgau. At 5 o'clock in the nfternoon the at tack was repented by two further squadrons totaling 23 airplanes. "To this nefarious attack several people unfortunately fell victims. Sev en women, three men and one soldier were killed and 17 women, eight men and two children injured. Public Institutions Attacked "The enemy airmen selected as ob jectives the new municipal theater, in stitueg and infirmaries. Tho anatomy section of the university was consid erably damaged. Owing to our effect ive counter measures the attacks could not be fully executed. "In tho course of air battles, which resulted, two euemy airmen were shot lown near Sehlcttstndt and Markirch A third was shot down in an air battle combined with a bombardment from the ground. All three airplunes were of Kii'dish type with Knglish occupants. "The leader of tho attnek, an Kng lish lieutenant-colonel, fell into our hands. According to his statement and the contents of a fly sheet, which, was thrown down, the attack was in re prisal for the torpedoing of the Gloucester Castle (Hritish hospital ship) recently sunk by a German sub marine. Ws must resolutely contest 'the right to make such attacks. ! "In justification, our government igave England to understand in time I enough that it could no longer toW-rate the passage of so called hospital ships in the precisely defined zone. If the r.nglisn, despite our warning, misunu the Red Cross and carry it on trans ports in the war zone, they must bear tho consequences of their action; but to attack an open town from revenge is cheap glory. There are no objects of military importance in Freiburg to jus tify the attack," BERLIN illY MEASURES PROPOSED, 01 IS DRASTICSPY BILL House Opposition to Conscrip tion Weakens and Bill WilPass PRESIDENT WILL GET POWER TO SEIZE SKIPS Also Railroads, Telegraphs and telephones, and to Draft Operators Washington, April 18. In anticipa tion of speedy action by congress o the draft bill, the war department, this afternoon had nearly completed plans t nave me nrsc levy or 600,000 men ia training camps by August 1. The first levy would be selected by lot. Figures compiled lv the denart mi lit show that there are about seven mil lion between the ages of 19 and 25 in the country, of whom about 60 per cent would be available for service. From these, by lot, tho first levy would be picked. It is plunned to set the same registra tion day throughout the nation. Voting precincts would be made the places of registration. Tho president also saw Senator Me Kellar, who favors a trial of the vol unteer system to the-draft McKellar remained firm in his stand for a volun teer ystem and announced his inten tion to fight to the last for an amend ment providing for a call for 500,()0 volunteers. The bill as presented provides for filling the regular army and national guard to maximum strength about 800,000ioen and raising in army of 1. 000,000 by draft. , Several Amendments. The amendment by Senator McKellar designed to try the volunteer system first was defeated by a vote of 10 to 7 in committee. ' Tho minority will draft a report nnd make a fight on the floor for the volun teer system. , i An important amendment providing that no liquor can be sold to soldiers or officers in uniform or taken upon mili tary reservations, was appended by tlio committee. The seven senators favoring the Mc Kellar plan against the draft feature wore: Senators McKellar, New, Eeeil, Kirby, Sutherland, Hitchcock and Thomas. In tho meantime, opposition crystal ized on the house side into an amend ment to tho general staff bill, recom mended by a special subcommittee t tho milititry committee, "nuthorizinK" tho president to raise 500,000 volun teers, but retaining authorization for re sort to selective conscription at any timo the president deems nceosnry. Committee Favors it. The military committeo is said t overwhelmingly favor this amendment. Representatives Field. Kentucky; Cald well, New York; Shal1eiiborger,Nebra ka; Anthony, Kansas; Hull, Iowa, and Chairman Dent, Alabama, were immedi ately set to work to draft the volufr teer service amendment. The committee's action follows a heated fight by the eight universal serv-. ice advocates Kahn, California; Tilson, Connecticut; Green, Vermont; Crago, Pennsylvania; Olney, Massachusetts;' Harrison, Virginia; Lunn, New York, and Mi-Kcnzie, Illinois. While the army fight was on a reso lution wns favorably reported by ihn senate nnvul committee Hiithorissinfr the president to requisition any ship or wat er craft for use in wnr. Compensation is to be determined by the president, la the event the owner is not satisfied he is to get DO per cent of the price sot and may s e for ihc remainder. Another measure reported by tho same committee would increase the per sonnel ut the navy academy. Kack sen ator and representative will thereby h permitted to appoint one additional mid shipman. Spy Bill la Sever. At the same time the senate began consideration of the drastic spy bill another vital wnr measure. Tho bill provides the death -penalty for viola tions of the provision dealing wilh transmission of military Or naval infor- (Continued on cage two.) .f: 5 THE WEATHER 5 Orecon: Tonight tnd TlursdayJtair, light frost tonight south and 'fast portions; pouth vrcsteily winds. ' PCtCES .