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9 XATION IS f 4100 DAILY FULL LEASED WIRE DISPATCUES o u m nnrfTiii it 3 YEAR -NO. 12. i American Aviators To Distribute Wilson's Speech ADVANCE iO GERMAN ATTACK Had Massed or Great Smash Surprise Came SERVES MADE M MORE FIERCE ptarc AH Cpmmand jits Dominating Me Valley 1TORS ON CANALS Sjr Henry Wood. Press staff correspon dent.) tke French Annie in ttpiigne, Jltty Steel al and river inoiiitors r'ectively aiding the bilvauce in the .Mount i m-tur. The little ves participated in the nient with it. nmch sue hfv did in the battle of me" Inst fall. seetinn where they are monitors can disappear b proofs built along the lie waterways they util- giving them ndvant Teritahlc viver subma- nably g used thes on monitors the River If Henry Wood. ; " , ress staff correspondent.) French Annies at the Front, 23. General i! offensive, begun Sunday ously continuing forestalled Jcrmun counter offensive ' from Uerinnii lines revealed !'ln(is today. Their cxplnna ? light on the tremendous d recent Gorman counter at U as the great forces which wore compelled to eject in Sous advance. nest by tlie French of the lopes o'f the Moronvilliers n Mounts Cornillet and the all hopes of the Germans nsive in riiis sector. Such and been planned for Tuos g with the object of regain- of this crest. Great forces reserves were massed in ex 'or tlii8 advance. The Ger M p new guns and greut ammunition. Then so the ud the French strode a ami. 1 'etcd blow, took the northern 'Out of the crest and forced " still 'farther back, df the French nttaek was i hurl bacK all these eon 'erman forces. lut their very 'in permitted the enemy to : in violently powerful coun ts now these great conn wve been waging back and mu places they have forced f'"g of ground. But today 'Gained all their important 're here and there still forg- Paris, May S3. The American,!.. myene rwHiiriiie, now carrying tho American flng into the ikies above the western iront, u to b onlv one part of great unit of American air fight t-i, , wuicu became Known today. The new army group will include not only the Lafayette aquadron, but a num ber of other American aviator who are now graduating from various French air fighting school. The present mem bers of the Lafayette escadrille insist that Ihey retain their present French fighting machines and their present French officers as squadron cnmniuud ern. The T-afn'yette flyer are preparing to dii-i'ilnife a ton of printed immnblets of I'ie iJout Wilson' speeches and proc lamations over tnc uennan lines. At the Lafayette headquarters today tho Americans were inspected by Major Mitchell, U. S. A. L .lit REPRESENTED AT STOCKHOLM MEETING Even Turkey Has Sent Dele gate's, All of Which Shows Convention Is "Packed" ; By Arthur E. Mann ' ( United Press staff correspondent) Mooknolm, May 23. Delegates al ready here in advance of the German called M. socialist pence conference" be gan figuring today on the possibility that representative socialists from bel ligerent countries might lose their free dom, if not their lives, when they re turn home as the-price of their attend ance on the meeting. So far only delegates from .Scandi navian nations and Bulgaria and Aus tria are here. Daily conferences are be ing held between these groups. Kvcr persuasive effort is beinsr made to coax attendance of English anil Freuch del egates. The socialists would also like to hiiu-ii .acilr liow thp-'Ameriean nele. gates will stand flt the meeting. Secretary Huysmnn of the Interna tional Socialist Bureau, called Morris Hilquit, chairman of the American del egation, today, seeking light in ad vance on the American feeling. In the meantime Dutch and Scandinavian so cialist leaders said they were obtain ing written peace terms' of all belliger ent, nations from their representative socialist delegates these terms to be announced at the conference Lack of information from German and Russian delegates as to the date of their arrival here still prevented any announcement today of the exact date of the meeting. The fact that allied nations have driven hpme repeatedly that the Stock- PASSED SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY. MAY 23, 1917 TEST! DEVICES " FOR CONTROLLING UNDER-SEA BOATS OSciais Confident One of These Will Prove To Be a "Big Thing" PRICE TWO CENTS ON TRAINS AND NEWS 8TANDH FIVE CFNTW 117111 Olmiiim mi WILL auBV SOME PLANS OF HIS OWN Ketusmg To Predict the Problem Is Solved, Officials Are "Encouraged" (Continued on page two.) larger Washington. May 2."!. Actual tests of several "exceptionally" promising" de vices to solve the submarine problem are under way, it was announced by the navy department today. At least two in ventions have undergone preliminary tests and are bei.g ntructed on a lare scale 'for use on ships. The first tests with th devices wero made with models. The department then ordered them constructed on sculo for exhaustive tests. Officials of the department declared they were confident that one of the de vices would be a "big thing." ' "We're spending a great deal of money in having some of the devioeg constructed on a full sized Bcale," .iiid one officer. "Some of the inventions were put to an actual test and devel oped such promise that wo gave the order for further tests. " It became known today that Gugliel nio Marconi, wireless inventor, who ar- riveu as a member ot tlie Italian war commission, will spend nmch time in consultation with United States navy neads on antJ-suDmanne devices. . Marcoiii Takes Hand. " Marcoul will submit several plans he has been working -on for some time. In Italian circles, where this informa tion became known, it was stated sig nificantly thct the Italian navy has sunk thirteen submarines this week. Although officials refrained from pre dicting that any of the advices -would solve the U-boat problem, they frankly indicated that the navy consulting board was greatly encouraged. Tests with devices acting as a shield for the hull of ships have been made, but proved unsatisfactory. Several inventions submitted by Hud son Maxim are being considered by the naval consulting board. Maxim has been in consultation with the board and his inventions arc to be tested some place alona tho Atlantic coast. 'inued oi oage two.) H MARTIN y !l?e h illllnl. l'um more abuse a poor hua- rich oneT .V " sate is bp n ' le movin'. it have Stores Large and Small Join i; Bargain Day Movement .List Now Includes Nearly Every Line of Goods With Bargain Pay still over a week away it is surprising to noto how deep ly interested everyone has become in the event. Merchants are busy discussing und formulating ingenioiis sales plans for the occasion; clerks are occupied as sorting goods and juicing them far be low the ordinary sale price; adwriters' pencils are preparing "copy" for Bar gain Day advertisements which are to appear in future issues of the newspa pers; women nre talking of the event whenever and wherever they meet, and even the little children have become so imbued with the Bargain Day idea that they and their playfellows are playing "Bargain Day." Bargain day will, without a question, be a carnival of pleasure and good fellowship as well as a. day of econom ical buying. The merchants have with one accord expressed their desire that visitors from other parts of the county make of tho stores a meeting place where thev can renew acquaintance with their Salem friends. Whether vis itors may have thought of purchasing or not the merchants will accord them the freedom of the stores with the idea of furthering the plan to make the Bar gain Day an annual "get acquainted" event. The idea, which has been started by many Salem ladies, of inviting their friends to make them a personal visit is gaining ground also, and it is believ ed that the number of attendants on Bargain Day will be considerably in creased in this manner. ' Those who are planning to come should engage passage early whether they intend coming by train or by stage. The railway company is planning to haul extra coaches and the stage i nes will put on more conveyances, but nn'ithnr nf ttinm pan estimate hOW milch extra passenger accommodation will be needed" to take care of the travel. For this reason it is quite essential that you see.ure your transportation as possible. - -- . . There will be no end ef variety in the bargains that will be offered. You can lay in your supply of anything wanted for present or future use In order to aid tlie buyers in locating the Bargain Day stores, large cards will be displayed in the store windows, bearing the words "This is a Bargain Day Store " The following business men have al ready joined the Bargain Day move ment. Others will be added from day to day: The following business men have al ready joined tue Bargain day movement. Others will be added frow day to day: Imperial Furniture Company, Hone furnishings, Victrolas and Vic tor records. Tlie Price Shoe company Ladies' and men's shoes. Stockton's General merchandise. Salem Woolen Mills Store Men's furnishings, home of Hart Schaf- fner & Marx clothes. Gale & Co. General merchandise. Kafoury Bros. Ladies' furnishing goods. Buren's Furniture, carpets, etc. Mile. M. Buff a "The French Shop," millinery. George C Will Pianos, musical instruments, etc. Scotch Woolen Mills Store Men's made to measure clothing. Eay L. Farmer Hardware company Hardware, cuttlery, silverware, etc. Scott h Piper Bicycles, motorcycles, etc. Kartman Bros. Jewelry. Watt Shlpp company Sporting goods, auto and bicycle sup plies. Portland By., Light & Power company Gas ranges, electric appliances, etc. J. L. Busick r Son Groceries, etc REVENUE BILL IS V HOUSE BY BIG MAJORITY seventy Republican Members Voted Against Measure On Final Passage Washington, May 23. The house this afternoon passed the l,800,0O0,0U0 revenue bill the greatest tax measure of history by a vote of 309 to "i Those who votert against the bill were republicans. Four members, including Bepresentative Moore, Pennsylvania, a member of tho committee, voted pres ent. The others were Representatives Gillette, Massachusetts and Sicgel, New York, republicans a -til Meyer London, New York, socialist The KiKhin amendment to the rev enue bill providing new increases in second class mail , matter rates was adopted bv the hoilyp this afternoon, 2,")(i to 130. s The house defeated, 233 to 174, the Doremus amendment that would prac tically have climniated the tax on an- tomomes. Jiy th , house's action, a five per cent tax on automobiles is re stored to the bill. s : GERMANY DESIRES PEACE BUT WOULD DICTATE ITS TERMS Wculd Retain Coal 'Districts, Antwerp, the Belgian Coast and Its Mines ODDFELLOWS ELECT AT EUGENE SESSION W. M. Green, Eugene'. Was Chosen Vice-President of PatriarchsJItant . Kugene, Or., May '23. Sessions of the Kebekah assembly and the grand encampment of the Independent Order of Oddfellows are being held here yes terday, in advance ."ytha meeting jof the grand lodge of 4he 'erfler -today. Between 1500 and 2000 delegates arc in attendance. The Patriarch Militant at a session Monday night elected W. M. Green, Eugene, vice president of the council, and W. K. Wadsworth of Harrisburg, treasurer. H. M. Bcckwith of Portland, president of the council, and 8. E. Wat kins, secretary, of Sherwood, were elected last year for terms of three Warden to be Elected The principal contest to come before the grand lodge today will be the elec tion of grand warden. There are six candidates: Kerwin J. Nolan of Samari tan lodge No. 2, Portland; Forrest L. Hubbard of Baker City; Hanson Hugcs, of Heppner; ('. C. Newcastle, or nas salo lodge No. 15, Portland; J. E. Mon ahan of Peninsula lodge No. 27, Port land, and L. J. Adams oi anverron. Seaside and Corvallis are after the grand lodge meeting in 1918. K. F- Kirkpatrick of Pendleton, was unanimously elected grand junior war den of the grand encampment of the Independent Order of Oddfellows. He will, after three years, advance to the position of grand patriarch. Other Olficers Chosen Earl S. Williams, of Milton, retiring grand patriarch, was electee, as gram: representative to for two years. Bobert,. Andrews o! Portland, is the otlia grand represen tative from Oregon. Other officers of the encampment to serve throughout the year arc: Sol S Walker, uregon viuy, s patriarch; A. II. Knight, Canby, grand hiL'h priest; P. A. Han z, Baker, grand senior' warden; E K Btuwon, roran, grand senior scribe; W. W- Irancis, Albany, grand treasurer Each delegate attending the sessions of the grand lodge is paid at the rate of $2 50 a dav. Last year a three day session was held at Koseburg, costing the Oddfellows $3000. The session of he grand lodge this year s to be l.m- ited to two nays, i. ....s $1000. l Alnxnm er OI past an nd master of the Oregon grand fodgc, i among the delegates Mr Alex dcr was master of the .grand lodge 30 years ago ami nas noi ....ou -- sessions since ... nf Earl Wi lams, K'auu !.''" - the erand encamp"" " . , ' , arHvTd in Eugene Monday , night and Presided at the opening session of that oran h of the order yesterday The en campment is holding its forty third an- sc-ssion. There are no toOO mem ber, in the state, representee, oy uu... mil la lnaarc'H at ic 1 WW i-' r . i the eff i rxra are Appointed u t Beckwith. of rresiueiii .Kt-t u... cnnncil of patnarons """') .1 "neBUt announced the appointment nf off cers as follows: Captain ucorgc W Trefren of Ashland, chaplain; Lee nuuuat a v- h. (Continued on page three.) Seref the guard; Peter Wedemann of Portland, picKet, .m - : sentinel. -,ith a mem- rens iimiiai"., ...... - SS'lA; hV United rtes as a n.il.tary orgs n- - Most Of tnc nirai"'" V . " nrc.hs militant in s ocrience m K. Watkins announced. military service, Major n- secretary ot tne counci., GENEROUS TERMS WILL BE OFFERED BY AUSTRIA Statement Is "Germany Is Op posed to Wars of Conquest and To Annexation" ACTS REFUTE WOHDS Amsterdam, May 23. A Hindenburg peace," movement demanding that Germany retain "the Brey-and Ixmgwy iron dis tricts, "Antwerp, the Belgian coast and tho Belgian coal mines," is afoot in Germany. Copies of the Cologne Catholic organ Volks Zeitung, received hero today, featured the plan, urging signatures of the people to such a recommendation to the government. The newspaper's blank form for signatures declares that Germans are opposed to " wars of conquest and policies of an nexation," but it is not clear how this is reconciled with the demand for retention of the French and Belgian territory specified. ; London, May 23.; Germany is active ly peace plotting again, after a lull in propaganda efforts to this end conse quent upon initial repulse of efforts to coax Russia into a separate compact. The Teutonic efforts to bring about the end of the war on Germany's own terms were revealed in dispatches re ceived today from a half dozen Euro pean cities. Coming at a time when Premier Kibot's firm and unyielding statement of France's aims in the war were prominently displayed here, as well as additional statements as to Am erica's position, there aecmed scant like lihood of any headway in the German move. France's formula for peace as out lined by Eibot was "no 'forced annexa tions and no contributions" and "res titution and reparation" as well. Amsterdam reported, as against this, the growth of "a "Hindenburg peace" plan in Germany, presumably fostered by the junkeritcs, urging "no annexa tions and no indemnities" as a catch phrase, but, paradoxically, in the same connection urging retention of French and Belgian iron districts and the Bel gian coast. From Rome came reports of secret, peace "feelers" put forth by Central Powers' emissaries to allied represen tatives in Switzerland. Other Holland advices detailed "gen erous terms," which, it was said, Austria-Hungary was about to offer Rus sia. These terms, it was reported, were for free passage to Kussia through the Dardanelles, re-estnblishmcnt of Poland as an autonomous unit and possibly a loan to the new Russian regime. In the meantime, the German-agitated "socialist peace -conference" at Stockholm is being actively boomed by the Central Powers' propagandists. Universal approbation was given Premier Ribofs speech as epitomizing the allied aims and clearing up ior. Russia's benefit some of the questions! involved in the '.'no annexations and j no indemities" phrase. Ribot made it clear that restoration of Alsace and Lorraine was not "annexation" and that there was a sharp difference be-; tween "reparation" which Germany: must make 'for her wanton destruction in France and Belgium and "indemnities-" "No conquests and no covetousness" was the slogan which the French pre--mier sounded. Movies and Baseball Do Not Break Sunday Laws Dc9 Moines, la., May 23 Sunday j "movies" and professional baseball mo not violations of the Iowa blue laws,' Municipal Judge Joseph Meyer held in a decision handed down today. This was the first legal blow struck at Attorney General H. M. Havner5s crusade to enforce the Iowa Sunday closing statutes en acted 70 years ago and which the last legislature refused to repeal. The court acquitted six moving pic ture theatre proprietors arrested Sun day, May 13, for keeping open. Havnei will appeaL ; EB.wm marshal or alaska Washington, May 23. President Wil son today appointed Lewis T. Erwin of Alaska, division four, district of Alaska, to b United States marshal. Mistaken Conclusions Cause of Her Suicide Portland, Or., May 2.1 Huddcn an ger and a mistaken eonclusion were re sponsible for Mrs. Hazel Fisher's Bui cide in the office of her husband. Dr. Ralph H. Fisher, here early yesterdav morning after she found her husband with two Burses. This is the conclusion reached today by the dead woman's mother, Mrs. L. W. Therkclsen, after investigating the case from every angle. Mrs. Fisher ar rived at her husband office about midnight, found him with two nurses ami took poison after a violent quarrel with him. The two nurses, said to have been in the doctor's office for treatment were freed today. Mrs. Therkclsen blames her daughter's "intense na ture" explaining that she was under pressure of nervous tension and over exertion. SOLDIER SUICIDES Tacoma, Wash., May 23. William Inglis, commander of'the AmerU-an Lake camp is conducting an investiga tion today to learn how Sydney N. Butt, a member of company (', Second Washington infantry, procured the cart ridge with which he killed himself in his tent yesterday. Despondent from an unknown cause and on the verge of nervous breakdown Butt shot himself through the head with his rifle, having in some manner unknown to his officers,- gdtten posses sion of a single loaded cartridge. Butt's home was nj North Yakima. BEING REGISTERED Mailing Card Not Enough Divorced Wife Not Counted As "Dependent Person" Washington, May '23. Mailing a se lective registration card to the home town or city of an absentee will bo in sufficient, tho provost marshal gen eral's office announced today. At the same time it was stated that exemptions of men with, dependent minor relatives would not necessarily be based upon whether the relative is under 12 years of age. A divorced wife drawing ali mony is not necessarily a dependent. The full additional statement today said: "It is not sufficient ior the absentee to obtain a registration card and fill in the answers, for he must file his card with tho county clerk where he happens to be, or if he is in a city of more than 30,000 inhabitants, with the city clerk. "The clerk is required to fill in cer tain information in the back of the card regarding th height, build, color of eyes and hair, whether or not the person registering is bald and whether he has lost arms, legs and foot or both eyes or is otherwise disabled. "After this information has been sup plied and the clerk has certified the card, it will bo returned to the absentee, who must mail it to the registrar of his home voting precinct so that it will reach that official not later than regis tration day. A self-addressed stamped envelope should be enclosed with the card so that a registration certificate may be returned to the absentee. . "The officials in charge of the reg istration also desire to point out that question nine, which asks whether the applicant has a dependent child, mother or Bister under 12, does not intend to fix that ago as the maximum for which exemption may be claimed on account of dependent minor relatives. Tho ques tion is, intended only for purposes of census- Twelve was the figure fixed in the Civil war draft. "Question ten, in which the person registering is asked whether he is mar ried or singlo, requires an answer as to the present status of the applicant. If his wife is dead or he is divorced he should register as single. "A divorced wife, exen though draw ing alimony, will not be considered as a dependent." Think It Was Plot to Destroy the Mills Baker. Or.. Mav 23. What is believ ed to have been a plot to destroy the big fdant of the Oregon Lumber com pany here was frustrated today iy tne discovery of 15 sticks of dynamite, caps and fuses hidden near a fence about 23 feet from the mill. Three small boys found the explosives. An ! W. W. card was found with the dvnamite. The Industrial Workers of the World attempted to incite a strike in the Oregon Lumber company's plant recently after the mill had discharg ed all members of that organization. A heavy armed guard was placed around all local mills today and the sheriff and deputies are attempting to round up all Industrial Workers ot tne World in this district. CAPTURED TWO COLONELS El Paso, Texas, May 23. Five Mexi cans, two of whom are reported to be colonels in Villa's army, were captur ed bv troopers of the Eighth cavalry last night near Fabens, Texas, it be came known today. Th mexicans were attempting to smuggle munitions into Mexico. Sev eral thousand cartridges were seized. The tapture marks the second smug s4in rtlot to be Colled by patrols with in a week qnd brings the total of smugglers arrested tf 21. PRESIDENT WILL MAKE STATEMENT OEAKA'SIIS This In Rep! to Russia's Slo gan: "No Annexation and No Indemnities" OBJECT TO OVERCOME PRUSSIAN AUTOCRACY President's Letter To Repre sentative HapKn Will Have Weight hi Petrograd Vashington, May 23. The United. States government plans before long to make a formal statement of its attitude toward the Russian soldiers' and work men's slogan, "no annexations, no in demnities." - . , . This statement, while not yt reveal ed, will doubtless take a form similar to that of French Premier Ribot's state ment in Paris. The state department let it be known officially today that it "sympathizes" with Ribot's remarks. As America was the first nation fighting Germany to recognize new Rus sia, so America today is the first to re spond to the new Russian provisional government's desire that the allies re state their war aims. Such was tho interpretation placed hero today on President Wilson's "war aims" letter to Representative Heflin. It was pointed out that the policy most emphasized in this communication wa that the United States is fighting Ger man autocracy not the German people. In addition, the president reaffirmed his previous utterances that the United States does not seek momentary indem nitieeni. additional land, and desires nothing for itself out of the war. . This means, judging from Ribot's re marks, that the United States favors the return of Alsace-Lorraine to France and restoration and indemnities for the small nations, including Belgium, which. Germany has ruthlessly overrun. Written for Russia. The American statement will be an . individual pronouncement of position, though it will be in accord with the gen eral ideas of the allies. This statement . of America's views probably will in clude a more definite and concrete an nouncement of America 's war aims than anything to date. Those who viewed tho president's let ter in tho light that it was particularly addressed to Russia predicted today it would have great weight in Petrograd The administration has been fearful that Russians would accept too readily German propaganda falsely represent ing the allies' position. "I have again and again stated the very serious and long continued wrong which the imperial German government has perpetrated against the rights, com merce and the citizens of the United States," the president continued. "The . list is long and overwhelming. No na tion that respected itself or the righ-U of humanity could hnvo borne thesa wrongs any longer. There is no hate in our hearts" for the German people, but there is a resolve which cannot be shak en even by misrepresentation, to over come the pretensions of the autocratic, government which acts upon purposes to which the German people have never consented." ' ' ' Translation Suggested. Soon after formation of the new coalition cabinet in Petrograd, it was announced in United Press dispatches that the new ministry would endeavor to seek from the allies their interpreta tion of the phrase "no annexation and no indemnities," and that Presi dent Wilson's aid would be invoked in this and in obtaining roll publicity of the treaty relations binding tho allies together. The phrase "no annexations and no indemnities" is the product of German propaganda, it being the incorrect in terpretation of the Russian words really meaning "no forced annexations and n contributions." The government's statement will probably give America's interpretation of this phrase and may be expected to add powerful weight against the German propaganda influence. THE WEATHER . Oregon: Tartly cloudy tonight and Thursday; northwest e r 1 jr winds. '