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TDOAVS WEATHER uiisr mutt' 4,500 SUBSCRIBERS (22,000 BEADEBS) DAILY Only Circulation in Salem Guar anteed by the Audit Buretn ol Circulations FULL LEASED WIRE DISPATCHES SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL LEY NEWS SEE VICE - ooft Boys PRICE TWO CENTS ON TRAINS AND lOTWl BTANDSFTVB CJENTf FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 68 o 9 A n. SALEM, OREGON, , WEDNESDAY, MARCH 20T918 BELIEVE RUSSIA CAN BE AROUSED AGAINSTJEUTONS "Is Small Margin But Worth Hanging Onto" Says HighOflicial TROTSKY IS OPPOSED TO ANYTHING CAPTALIST1C Japan Only Desirous of Car rying Out Allies' Wishes I In Far East By Joseph Shaplen (United Press staff correspondent) Petrograd. Mar. 19. (Night) For eign Minister Tehicherin declared to day thait the-sevict commissaries have considered the Jpossibility ifhat the United States will o'ppose Japanese ventures ini the Far East. He said he Relieved negotiations to that end be tween the United States and Russia were possible. War Minister Trotsky directly op j;ed Tehicherin 'g statoment, declar ing Russia could not obligate itself to "capitalist America-" Tehicherin emphasized that the So viets would not seek a formal alliance with the United States, but they hoped the United States would desire to live in friendship and eooiperation witn .Russia, as a means of protecting its own interests againist Japanese en croachments. "It is impossiblo even to discuss a RussO-Annerican alliance," ' Trotsky said, when, informed of Tehicherin declaration. "Socialist Russia can never piace itself under obligations to capitalist America. It is possible, however, that America will seek closer relation with Russia, owing to the Japanese situa tion." America Hopeful Washington, Mar. 20. The United States government holds firm to the belief that there is yet hope or arous ing Russia against the Teutons. "It ia a small margin." high offi cials say, "but worth hanging onto." And it may be assured that Prcsidont Wilson will continue his efforts to drive home to'the Russian, America 'g friendship to the last. Confidence an official circles here lias been aroused slightly by the new tone adopted toward America by the Russian press since the president's message to the soviet congress. It appeared likely today that Pres ident Wilson would delay his expected statement on the war situation until i-onfused events, now in the process of development, hud a chance to assume definite farm- For the moment Japan's proposed expedition into Siberia is held up in conflict of opinion as to its necessity in hor own country and cabinet. Japan is Ready Washington, Mar. 20. Japan's man power was never in better condition for service than it is today, members of the imperial Japanese military mis sion, now in Washington, declared to day. The officers indicated that Japan wants to carry out the wishes of the allies in the Far East and that her troops are ready if they are needed. The members of the mission, headed by Lieutenant General K. Chiquihi, were the guests of honor at a dinner at the Japanese embassy last night given by Counsellor Tokichi Tanaka, (Continued on page two) Abe Martin AUTrtOfilri', xfEHT Constable Plum has fixed th price o' sassafras root at a cent a bunch at th' mine. What's become o' th' ole family cow with brass knobs on her hornsf 4 DEBATE UN GORE PROPOSAL DISCLO. is HOSTILITY TO FIXING PRICES ON ANYTHING Action On Overman Bill De layedPresident Gathers Advisers By L. O. Martin (United Press staff correspondent) Washington, Mar. 20 President Wil son gathered about him. today a group of his foremost war workers and ad risers a sort of unofficial war cabi net the senate judiciary committee moved toward final action on the Over man empowering bill. This measure, giving the president broad authority to co-ordinate scatter4 ed or ineffective war branches, may be ordered reported today, unless new op position develops. Senator Smith, Georgia, one of the chief opponents, was preparing a bill to limit reorganization power to the war and navy departments, the ship ping board and the bureau of mines (dealing with explosives.) Improved war work, resulting from war department reorganization, has dissipated much of the original opposi tion to the Overman measure. On the other hand, opposition to it was engen dered in some quarters today by the creation or another or a chain of ad- visory boards," the new price fixing organization, But little enthusiasm was manifest as to the new unofficial cabinet called together today. The general view was that the chief value of the new plan will be in the interchange of ideas. Those backing the Chambarlain. war cabinet and director of munitions bills declared the trend of events emphasiz es the need for a central directing au thority, witu power to decide Big questions and to back up these so that hurtful 'competition betwepn depart ments shall bo eliminated. While the house today continued work on the war finance corporation Board Provides for More State Militia The emergency board at 2:45 passed a resolution drafted by Senator Moser, creating a defi- sk ciency of $250,000 in the mili- tary fund, and recommending $ that the adjutant general pro- ceed to organize a state police torce along the lines suggested by the board of control. The only change recommended was the creating of four infantry companies instead of three of infantry and one of cavalry. Senator V. W- Wood, of the sen ate ways and means committee gave the only negative vote. 5C sfc SfC )C jfc 3fC WHALE STEAK TO BE DINNER FEATURE AT RED BENEFIT Committee Succeeds In Get ting 50 Pounds Tenderloin --Be Sure To Try It The thirty-five ladies who constitute the dinner committee of the Country Fair are working diligently to make their part of this girat undertaking a success. Their chairman went to Port land yesterday, with a, view of secur ing whale-steak for the occasion, and i i j v. .... l : i there learned of the actual consumption of this new and delicious meat. The de mand for whale is growing and already the supply of several markets is ex hausted, and it will be impossible for them to secure more whale meat be fore the middle of May. However, M. C. Mace & Co., importers of Alaskan fish, will furnish the 50 pounds solicit ed by the committee for the Red Cross benefit to be given at the armory the 22nd and the 23rd. - , The whale (which is not a fish, but a sea animal) has its choice cuts which vary in price accordingly. The patrons of the Red Cross benefit, will be serv ed with the tenderloin (the choice cut). The manner in. which .the whale is prepared for market is interesting. Af ter the animal is captured, it is cleaned and packed into bricks about two feet square., These are frozen and remain in cold storage until the consumer thaws them. It takes several days to thaw a brick of whale meat. The whale is a very clean animal, living very far out at sea, away from all shore contamin ation, - and subsists . entirely upon shrimps. The "ealves" weighing several tons, are suckled by the mother lifting her body above the water to keep the sea water from mixing with the milk. The milk resembles cow's cream. A book (Continued on pg tws) bill, the senato entered its fourth day of debate on the Gore proposal to fix $2.50 as the minimum wheat price. De bate has disclosed great hostility te fixing prices on anything. , Further testimony was to be taken this afternoon in the inquiry into the activities -of the Gorman-American Al liance and the Hog Island ship yard was under senate commerce committed scrutiny. Proposals for ft ten day "liberty loan" recess was revived today. DEMOCRATS TO SEND SPEAKERS TO HELP Will Seed Big Guns To Help Win Victory for Amer ica in Wisconsin Washington, Mar. 20. Joseph Davies successful candidate in the Wisconsin primaries for the democratic senatorship nomination, today resigned as a member of the federal trade commission. Ires- ident Wilson. In accepting the resisna- wrote a ,etter elpre8sing nis ap- preciation ' of Davies help during the pre-war months on domestic question?. Democratic headquarters here to-lay announced the following speakers will campaign in Wisconsin in behalf of Joseph E. Davics, the democratic nomiu ee: Vice President Thomas R. Marshall, Assistant Secretary of Agriculture Carl S. Vrooman, Governor James H. Cox, of Ohio; Timothy D. Ilogan, former at torney general of Ohio; Hu. Henry Mor eeuthai:, former ambassndor to Tuikuy; Bainbridge Colby, of New York, Sen ator James Hamilton Lewis, of Illinois; Henry F. Ashurst, . of Arizona; Key nttmaii of Nevada; A. A. Jones of New Moxico and John B. Kendrick of Wyoming; Representatives T. Rainey of Illinois;. Warren Gard of Ohio; Ar thur W.Overmier, of Ohio. Also Hon. Mathew Male- of Massa chusetts, former chairman of the pro gressive nationalcommittoe, Judge Al bert D. Norton of St. Louis, a leading progressive and Hans Ricg of Chicago. "FERRIS SHIP LAUNCHED Nowark, N. J., Mar. 20- The first ton of the '"Ferris type" wooden ships being constructed at Carney's Mead ows slips by the Foundation Shipbuild ing, company, was launched here yes terday afternoon. The vessel is 287 foet long, 40 fTOt beam and 3500 tonnage. Officials from the fedoral shipping board and larga number of shipbuilders witnessed tns launching- rrn mil) BIG WADJDFCURREKCY Got $23,009, But Missed $200,000 In Currency In the Vault San Francisco, Mar. 20. Three dar ing and dangerous robbers who Into yesterday hold up the Yokohama Spe cie bank and escaped with $23,000 in cash and chocks, are sought by the police today- They are thought to be the same bandits who last Saturday robbed a Sansome street saloon in the same man Driving up before the bank iu a sto len automobile, the robbers entered the bank, calmly pulled down the shades, held up the five men in Jhe office, locked them in the ault and gathered up all the money in sight. They over looked $200,000 in currency inside the 'vaut. phey escapedv however, twith 410.000 in urTency, $13,017 in local bank checks and $4ti0 in silver. S. Dogura, sub-manager of the bank, pleaded with the robbers nc to lock everybody in the vault because there would 1)0 none ontside who knew the combination. The tmnltg, therefore, put Dogura and T. Tsumekawa in the basement, looking tho rest in the vault The janitor escaped from the bank and sought the police, but when he return ed with an officer, the robbers had fled- WASTE OF GRAIN Bellingham, Wash., Mar. 20. It 'i all wrong, this idea of permitting grain to bt used for manufacturing liquor while America has wheatless and Eu rope many grain lefts days, according to the sentiment expressed in a resolution the Whatcom county council of defense todav forwarded to Washington 'a con gressional delegation. The resolution protests use of grain in liquor production. COURT ROOM IS SCOIE OF WILD DISORDER AS VERDICT IS READ Mrs, Howe Thanks Jury for Saving ? Her Honor," Not For Her Life - i. - Visalia, CrJ., Mar. iwi. Mrs. Orlean Howe was free today and with her hus band planned to go to Fresno, follow ing her acquittal last night of the charge of murdering William H. Brooks. If took the jury two hours and a half to decide that Mrs. How-j was tem porarily insane when she shct and kill ed Brooks n tho lobby of the Porter ville hotel pn November 29. Only four ballots were taken, and on the throe, eleven stood for acquittal and one t irn- ed in a blank ballot. The sensational trial of Mrs. Howe unfolded a 11 year old tale of family troubles and alleged persecution by Brooks. Both Howe and Brooks wore employed by the National Cash Register company. Brooks met Mrs. Howj and, according to her testimony, attacttcd her in a Sau Francisco restaurant in .JU7. From that' time until the tragedy in Portervilla last November, Mrs. Howe averred, Brooks circulated stories about her and caused her to be snunnea Dy women whom she, knew in a dozen cities. ! The trial was featured by Mrs. Howe's testimony! in which she hys terically unburdened the grief of eleven years. Howe himhelf returned from South America sodn after the shooting and corroborated his wife's testimony. "I should have; killed the cur then, instead of letting,-my .wife suffer," he shouted over the protosts of attorneys during his testimony. When the jury , foreman last nigni reached the words' "Not Guilty" in reading his verdict he could get no fur ther. Mrs. Howe screamed, spectators shouted and the courtroom was a scene of wild disorder for several minutes. How himself was not in tho courtroom, He met his wife several minutes later in his hotel. "I want to thank you for my honor, not for my life, "-Mrs. Howe told the Jur- ..... ., ' : Repeatedly during mo inai mm in sisted that she was fighting to save her honor, not to save her lif e. ., ' THESE FIRST TO GET If U lieutenant Green and Ser geants Norton and Pat Walsh Are Honored By Fred S. Ferguson (United Press staff correspondent) With the American Army in Franco Mar- 18. Tho first men to receive the new .American war decoration for ex traordinary heroism were Lieutenant U. N. Greene of the rieid aniuery auu Sergeants, William Norton aud Pat Walsh. All received the Distinguished Ser vice Cross. Greene was wounded by a grenade during the recently repulsed German raid on the Toul front. He was in a dugout and refused to surronder- Af ter being wounded, he wounded ono boche with a pistol shot and drove the others out of the trench. Norton's and Walsh's feats have been previously -narrated. No crosses were available lor presenianuu a time they won them. Norton, a former resident or s. killed a German lieutenant and two German soldiers when he was or dered to leave his dugout during an enemy raid. Walsh, forlmorly of Chicago, took command of an American detachment the Toul sector when hie captain ' v;nj .was Kineu. Mulkey's Plan Would Give Both Terms to Long Term Senator Portland, Or., Mar. 20. "Resignation right after election" is the unique plat form outlined today by F. W. Mulkey with his announcement of candidacy for the republican nomination for Un ited States senator. Mulkey seeks to clarify the muddle as a result of the necessity of filling the short term po sition resulting lrom the death of the late Senator Harry Lane. The term for which Lane was elect ed expires in March 1919 and 8enator McNary is now filling the vmit under gubernational appointment. The attor ney general has ruled however that St will be necessary to elect a short term senator in November, and candidate cannot run for both the long and short terms. Mulkev, if elected, short term will re sign so the governor can appoint as his successor whoever is elected to fill the long senatorial terra. Among the resources of this nation that must be husbanded, remarks an exchange, are the women. Which is true enough. WEST FROM WAR BREAK RECORDS 167 PIAIIS DOWNED Night Flying Unprecedented 23 Was Record St Patrick's Day By William Philip Simma, (United Press Staff Correspondent) With the British Armies in France, March 0. The air war on the west front is record breaking. One hundred and sixty-seven enemy airplanes have been downed so far tjhia msnth in daylight flying, includ ing twenty-three on St. Patricks Day. Of these 102 yere reduced to kindling wood, while 65 were forced earth ward beyond control. Night fiying is unprecedented. There is much nutual bombing at night. The British bombers seem positively tire loss. The night scenes at the airdromes are most amazing. Huge airplanes silently roll from the sheds intd the moonlight. Big bombs are loaded on to them. Koodcd creatures climb up. Theit they whirr away like giant moths toward their objectives behind the German lines. , After an hour or so thoy ' return, guided by the flaro of landing lights. The aviators assemble in their reading rooms, gossiping and compar ing notes, then absorb a "night cap" and climb into their bunks. Michigan Flier Killed. Detroit, Mich., March 20. Captain Phelps CollinB, aged 24, the first (Continued on page two) BAKER VISITS TRENCHES MINGLES WITH SOLDIERS GETS TASTE OP REAL WAR Gets In Close Touch With MenShell Explodes Near Him at Front By Fred B. Ferguson With the American Army in. France Mar. 20. Secretary Baker today aof dressed members of the Rainbow div ision, who have been on the firing line, promising to convey a message from them to "the folks at home." ' ' To your relatives, scattered through the states, I will send a mcssago tell ing them you are well fed and do not lack the supplies and attentions which safeguard your health," he said. "Your communities and the nation will be IDAHO OFFICIALS WILL HAKE CLEANUP Adjutant General Says While About It He Will Make Job Thorough Spokane, Wash., Mar. 20. Feeling that the cleanup, while under way should be sufficiently complete to ob viate necessity of future action, Ad jutant General Moody of the Idaho state forces today continued his round up of I. W. W., and states the clean up may spread over every town and lumber and mjning camp in the northern part of the jrjord f tne admiralty, declared in the Gem state. The officials believe that, "house of conuuons tclay. in their wholesale arrests at St. Maries, practically all of the dangerous agita tors in the Panhandle district were ap prehended, but Moody will allow no slackening of the hunt. All is quiet at St. Maries, where the attack of 200 I. W. W. upon Sheriff Noland resulted in troops starting a clean up. The state guardsmen on duty have tho situation so well in hand that the regulars on duty expect to be or dered back to Spokane. Night demonstrations by 35 I. W. V. prisoners held in a local paint shop the overflow of the crowded jail havs been frequent. Seduction of the pris oners' rations to one meal a day is proving effective in halting such out breaks of yelling and pounding. AMERICAN BOLiHEVIKZ San Francisco, Mar. 20. The Iiol.ihe viki braneh of the socialist party with 700 members, claiming to hav a char ter from the Nations' Socialist organ ization has been formed in Har. Francis co. "This i a radical body," annouiis ed an organizer today in explaining ti.ttt it is a starter for similar organ izations throughout the country. "We an i-t the left wing anj pieau busdiieas" The nicmf-ers will re,;''r fur clec t!,..n a IV'theviki. BOARD PROVIDES STATE MILITIA TO ACT DURING WAR Four Companies Militia With Motor- Cycle Squad Agreed On $250,000 DEFICIENCY IS CREATED BY BOARD Costing Now $12,000 a Month and Funds for Purpose Exhausted The organization of a state constabu lary, with the provision for the co-ordination of all military organizations within the state under one head, was authorized at a meeting of the state emergency board this morning to const I er the matter of increasing the polio protection for the state. This constabu lary will consist of three companies of infantry, with motor cycle squads, and of a troop of mounted police, the whole force totalling 215 men. This was adopt ed on the recommendation of the coun cil of defense that a highly mobile or ganized force be provided which could be used at any point within the state. The organization will be effected undel (Continued on page six.) proud of your good conduct and clean living which go with cloan, hard fight ing and the principles for which you fight." He was in the front line trenches under sholl fire early today scanning No Man's Land from a listening post, "Now I'm at the frontier or free dom," he exclaimed. Returning from the trenches, a 103 caliber Gorman shell burst within forty yards of the secretary's automobile. Baker saw muny men from Ohio whom he knew, both officers and rank ers. The secretary called on Captain Ar chio Roosevelt at the hospital, stood at the young officer's cot and chatted fer (Continued on page two) liET LOSS OF SHIPS SINCE VAR BEGAN IS ABOUTWOOOTOi British Lord of Admiralty Gives Figures Showing Submarines Work London, Mar. 20. Tho total net losses of allied and neutral shipping 'from the beginning of the war total December 31, 1917, were only eight I per cent of the total tonnage, which :m aa.nOfl.nnO. Hir Krie. aedilna. first (Geddes' statement is a frank ad- mission that, despite the building act ivities of allies aud neutrals, they have (eight per cent or more than two and A half million tons, less shipping now than at tho start of the war.) The first lord said the world's ton na.ge, exclusive of enmny owned ves 'sols, had fallen by 2,500,000 tons, up Ito December 31, 1917. He said the Germans claim to have unk 0,500.000 allied and neutral tons from the beginning of tho war to De "comber 31. The actual total of losses, 'he aid, was only six million. The total output of shipping during the last quarter of 1917, he said, was 032,000 tons.. In that period 1,200,000 tons were sunk, including losses from " natural, causes. " British' shipping losses, from the be ginning of the war to December 31, were 20 por cent of tho tdtal British tonnage, Ueddes saia. The British output of shipping dur ing the last quarter of 1917 was 420, O00 tone, compared with 213,000 tons during the corresponding period of 1910. Geddes said ho proposed to give the aotual figures on the submarine losses hereafter. Goddcs said that - shipbuilding amounted to only 5S,000 tons in Janu- (Ca-iteoued ok tags two) IIIIDEHBURG. TRYING TO TEMPT ALLIES TO ATTACK Leaves Trenches Evacuated to Convey Idea German Morale Is Fading CONTROL OF WEST FRONT - IS PASSING TO ALLIES They Are In Position for First Time During War to Strike Together ' By J. W. T. HaBon (Written for the United Press) New York, Mar. 20. Efforts by th Germans to tempt the western allies into starting a premature major oi fensive this spring have begun. The Germans themselves have ceas ed to engage in extensive raiding. They are abandoning occasional trench po sitions and are not making a strenuous defense against French and British and American raidors. By these tactics, thai German gencnU (staff may hopo to create the impression that the German morale is giving way and that an early spring drive by the allies would meet with largo success. la reality, Von Hindenburg realises that impatience to deliver this year's blow against the Gorman west front might, indeed, result in noi more than a moderato victory for the allies not worth the cost. For the first time sine the war began, the western allies aro in a position through the supremo war council at Versailles to strike together against the Germans. This foordinatiam if properly used, ouglrfc to give the awes on enormous advantage, But it will fo. thrown away if an impatient demand arises to strike, at tho Germans before everything is ready- ... There is no advantage m trying t outpace tho Gormans. The initiative at the west front is now passing into th hands erf America, Franco and Great Britain. It is they who aro in the real : position to force events whenever they 'desire. It is because Von Hindenburg snows iiris iiiuu i " v - j " - the allies into moving before they havo made full preparations. It is impossible to belicvo that tho generals in the field can be focled by any such situation. But, public opinion at home must to taken into considera tion in determining problems of major Strategy. The time has como therefore, with the beginning of spring, when home opinion should guard against falling into the snaro of impatience. Public opinion, in democracies, some times has forced army comimandors in to terrible blunders. The home morale is now of vital importance. It should not show uneasinc-ss at delays in at tack which may be necessary to ruak victory certain at the end. Portuguese Bjjpulse Bald London, Mar. 20 Portuguese troops repulsed an enemy rnid in the neighbor hood of Fauquiiisart last night, Fiold Marshal Haig reported today. On both sides of tho Passchendools sector there was heavy artillery fire. Fled to Sevastopol Washington, Mar. 20. The Russian Black sea fleet fled to Sebastopol when the Germans captured Odessa, state de-T.-nw.nt riipRHftiies said today. Noth ing was said as to tho Germans' fu ture tactics. Life of Expensive Living . Caused Traitorous Four Loss of Their liberty New York, Mar. 20. Mme. Despin Laviovitch Storch. Turkish girl held hero for deportation: to (France, to gether with three companions suspect ed of espionage, brought the undoing cif the quartet through her love of ex pensive living, it was stated here to day. Women of .high social standing, having made her acquaintance, became suspicious when ithey could discover no way for her to obtain tho sums of monev she spent, and reported the eas to federal authorities. The department f justice today hail in its han.ls a new picture of Count R,J.nrt Clairmont. one of the suspected four, posed with Mrs- Hu?o Reisinger, a daughter of the late Adolphus Buses, of St. Louis. Mrs. Reisinger said sha consented to pose with the eount when she met him one day in a Fifth avenus photographer's shop. MADE GULL FRISK HIM Portland. Or., Mar. 20. It's toug enough luck to bo "stuck up" by a armed highwayman, but to have jour girl frisk vou at the order of said hie wavman "worse yet. With a. revolver covering her, Ether johnson early to day was forced to take Amis Evans 1 - mm kia nnrkpts ft)f a maSK- e man. He was frightened away ne- - I J . 1. ; .1 wBitlflhlftA- lore ne securcu m b"