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(23.000 HEADERS) DAILY Only Circulation In Salem Guar anteed by the Audit Bureau of Circulations FULL LEASED WIRE DISPATCHES SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL LEY NEWS SERVICE :hti U i Oregon: Tonight and Saturday fair except probably r snowers exirrme north east por- tiou; eooler .to- 1 night cast portion ' gentle south west ( i , . cny wiuus. FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 134 SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, JUNE 7, 1918 PRICE TWO CENTS TRAINS AWB 1TIW btaitds rrm uijmt Mi M ' (1 1 ' ffJ If r r -r - -r 4T AMERICAN S ERRITORY iSSAULT OF American Marines and Machine Gunners, ksr ' d bv French Infantry Advanced Two Miles On Fi vJEle Front Sweeping Germans Back With Heavy LV5 Three ; Fresh Divisions of Enemy Cut to Pieces l$ter and i Futile Counter Attacks-Prisoners Taken Sav' "; They J Supposed They Were Opposed by English Troo ' By Fred S. Ferguson, ' (United Press Staff Correspondent.) With the Americans on the Marne, June 7: "The Amer icans who swept the Germans back two miles on a five mile front northwest of Chateau Thierry yesterday and last .night were holding their gains this morning in the face of determined German counter attacks. I With the aid of French infantry, the American marines and machine gunners were consolidating their positions all along the new front. j In the region of Lucy-Le-Cocage, (five miles west of Chateau-Thierry), an American position was being badly harassed, by a German machine gun. An American patrol leaped from the lines, attacked the enemy position, killed the entire crew and captured the gun. Part of the advance yesterday was made across a wheat field, the marines alternately dropping in . the wheat, then rising up and half crawling, half walking, in to the face of the fierce machine gun fire. The advance greatly improved the marines' position, opening the way through a wood on.. a .hill which had given the enemy the dominating position. Now the Ger mans are pushed completely off the hill. .The. marines took up positions on the farther side, having full sweep with their machine guns across an open field. Most of the prisoners, who were Prussians, said they thought the British were opposite them. They said they were to have attacked again today. They had not had any rations for .five days. Other German prisoners said the Prussians got what little food there was. The general morale of the Germans in this region is the lowest. Prisoners said that three divisions (36,000 men), had been used up trying to push back the marines. They in cluded the Jaegers, who are crack rifle men. One company of marines, which wa flanked during the advance, was en tirely surrounded. After fighting their "way to an advanced position they had to fight their way out again. They poured machine gnu and rifle fire into the .baches, ripping through them to the'. main body oi American. Or.e entire German company was dressed in French uniforms, in an ef fort to deceive the marines. The Int Iter .could not figure how the French fcould be in front of thenn and fired into the niasqueraders. Tho German forgot their (camouflage and quickly tried "kamerad! " Boche Dead are Thick French soldiers holding a position Overlooking the fight reported terri ble execution by the marines machine !guns, as well as by artillery fire. The boche: dead were thick on the, field. The latest count shows ten machine iguns captured, hut there are undoubt edly more. Two of these were taken in deliberate daylight raids. Tweuty five hundred rounds of ammunition were captured Charles Gingsberg, formerly a news- toy at the corner of 110th street and beside a light (battery which was hurl Lexington avenue, Jew York, march-ling- shi.ll into the counter attacking led into headquarters with his bayonet fixed on a Whewh o was walk-1 (Continued on page six.) - I ASTRONOMICAL TRAINING IS NOT f NEEDED TO By S. D. Towjiley i (Professor of Astronomy at Stanford the wind at the time of the eclipsi?. University) j To observe the bands a piece of white cloth, the size of a sheet or lar- It will be possible for people whi.ger, should be laid upon th ground have no special astronomical training In(l the observer should provide him to mate valuable observations at thcigelf with two or more sticks or laths time of the total eclipse of the sun onjto lay on the cloth in the direction of 'causes, while on duty with the expedi June 8. The observations may help to th,? bauds. In order to be of value it is tinary forces, was reported to the war clear up one of the unsolved problems necessary to note the exact time, within! department yesterday. He was well of solar eclipse. !a second or so, that the shadow bands 'known here, where he had been at- As darkness is coming on just before ! appear and disappear. It will be neces- tached to the general staff previous totally alternate bands of light and ,ary for the observer to get thve cor-(to the war. Michie was member of dark are sometimes seen on the ground.,' rec'tion to his watch by comparison with .the American mission to Russia. These are - probably caused in some the Western Cnion clock either before 1 1 . way by disturbances in the earth 'st I On perfect day, we should say, and aosphere and it is said that their di (Continued on page seven) a Sunday at that. HOLD FAST GAINED BY YESTERDAY ing ahead of him. Gingsberg said it was a "tough, hot fight," Due that he was anxious to get rid of his prisoner and get buck into it. Boys Are all Game A hospital corps man from Wilming ton, Del, who dressed several wound ed mien under fire, said they were "the gamest bunch ever." He told of Cor poral Kaphcr, who was caught in the b ohe lilies Tuesday and played dead, then took a day and a night to erawl back into the American lines- The battling around Chateau-Thierry consists almost entirely of machine gun duelling, the Americans getting far the best of it. The marines eay they hear tbat ev ery third bche has a machine gun and' from the fire they believe it. But it doesn t stop them. Fighting Over Graveyard Fighting lis now over ground mark ed by the graves or French soldiers who fell in the iirst 'battle of the Marne. It is the 'farthest thing from what you would expect a battlefield to look like. I stood waist deep in the green grain STUDY THE ECLIPSE I red ion depends upon the direction of You Have Am) IfJMejKOUJTl SCCf AMD TRC ALBA o?e TO fir CARTOONIST MURRAY WADS MIXES UP THE GRANGERS AND THE JEWELERS, WHO HAVE BEEN HERE THIS WEEK UNTIL IT IS PRETTY HARD TO TELL WHICH IS WHICH, EXCEPT FOR THE DIA MONDS THAT SOME OF THEM WEAR. THE GRANGERS ARE NOT SUPPOSED TO BE DECORATED WITH SPARKLERS ALTHOUGH THEY COULD PROBABLY BETTER AFFORD TO WEAR THEM THAN ANYBODY ELSE JUST NOW. FEELS EFFECT OF YANKEE TROOPS IN BATTLE! Conceciratcs Heavy Forces at Metz Facing Principal American Sector By JT. W. T. -Mason ' United Press war expert) New York, June 7 'Von Hinden- burg has begun to show serious un easiness at the effective part American units are playing in the fighting along the western front. Evidence of his dis quiet appears in the new concentration of Toutonic forces along the American Lorraine sector. The purpose of the persistent arriv al of enemy troops at Metzs primari ly to threaten General Pershing into withholding more Americans from the Marne, Aisne and Picardy fronts. The Germans well know tnat the Lorraine border "with' its proximity to the Rhine is the principal American sector in France. Von Hindenbuig also is aware thut ail indications sujgest this area will ibe the scene of America' ulti mate major offensive. Aron Hiudenburg, therefore, is now threatening to attack in Lorraine, hop ing the Americans may be unable to protect their own positions and at the name time participate fruitfully at the ot'her end of Franco in the defense of Paris and the channel (ports. The Am ericans now have had an unbroken series of successes along the western front. At Cantigny, along the Marne ami north of Chateau-Thierry they have wen every Objective. The record, of course, Is small, The German general staff, however, is highly experienced in making large deductions from, small but consistent facts. Full military and prychological study unquestionably baa ibeen given ett. Ger man headquarters to the elan and mo rale of the American troops fresh to modern battle conditions. Von Hinden burg does not like the situation they are creating in western IFrance. The result is the Lorraine threat. The Am erican positions are very strong and Von Hindeniburg has had no encourage ment to believe he can break through. Theie is undeniable temptation, how ever, to the Germans to try to move the Lorraine front farther away from tho German boundary. Were Von Hin denburg to succeed he would increase the distance America's own offensive must go before it reached the Rhine. Faced by 'that condition, it is even possible General Foeh miifht ao long er use Americans an western France, but would reserve them entirely for future drive to the Rhine. But this tantalizing wiU-oMhe-wisp holds forth the danger that an oifens' ive against the Americans in Lorraine might well be hurled back with terri ble German losses- A stubborn, highly organized defense by the Americans i the dnly bnoluteh certain element in the situation. GENERAL IS DEAD Washington, June 7. The death of General R. E. Michie from natural Noticed Them, Te new PneyoeT Jtwe-cenV Ufhrni ITCAMANT WH OELiVfftc AN AOOH65S WAT AWAKCNCP OtTKio - nsH " THE &ANRT iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiififiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiimiiiiiiiimm War Summary of iiiiniiiiiuiiiiiiiHiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiiiimii 14054 Day of the War; 78th Day of tie Big Offensive aiiiiiiiiimiuNiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiiiiiiiiumiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiis Jt'arne front Fighting (continuing Ftanders front British inflicted northwest of Chateau-Thierry, where I heavy casualties in a raid north of Be American and French troepi pushed thune. ( the Germans Laick more than two miles on a five mile front Wednesday night and Thursday morning. ' French igained sligVJy on tho ex treme northern porticji of the Marne front. British recaptured a town be tween the Marne and Eheims oft thu eastern flank. Picardy front French took prison' ers in raids near Montdidier and Koy on., Westport Boy Wins Highest Honors From the public schools of West port, Oregon, comes the best individual report of the sale of thrift stamps. Abbot Lawrence, a lad iff the seventh grade, has sold four thousand five hundred and sixty dollars worth of thrift stamps since the opening of tho War Savings Campaign. The report of his sales is certified by his teacher, Miss Margaret West, in a report to Superintendent of Publie Instruction, J. A. Churchill. 4 SALEM'S SECOND ANNUAL BARGAIN DAY, JUNE 15TH MERCHANTS DECIDE UPON DATE FOR BIG MERCHANDISING EVENT AND ARE LAYING PLANS FOR MAKING IT AN EVEN MORE PRONOUNCED SUCCESS THAN IT WAS A YEAR AGO. Bargain Day, when the wideawake merchants of Salem will offer goods at the lowest possible figure, has been set for Saturday, June Id, as tb.i result of popular demand for a repetition of Bar gain Lay of last year. The newspapers have entered the lists, and .'rom day to day The Journal and The Statesman will give full information about the plan, character of goods to be offered and all information thut the buyer will find useful. Bargain Day is an annual event in Salem, this year making the second time the proposition has been given. Concerted action is necessary to inak? the event successful and it is assured. Every merchant in the city who has reliable goods to sell will be in the Bar gain Day line on June 15; and the many from country, village city and hamlet can find all that they want in every conceivable line of merchandise right here in Salem, at prices that will make him stagger with pleasurcabl? realiza tion. That the bargains to be offered will far outshine those of Bargain Day of last year goes without saying. The mer chants are profiting by their exper ience of past years. They have pur chased more heavily and have their plans for the conduct Of their Bargain bay business so welt outlined that the shoppers will be afforded a wide range of choice and will find all merchandir.? so systematically displayed that the task of shopping will be greatly sim plified. Extra clerks are also being en of Course -TStaft ION6 . OVff. in THE JAte tltilM x3 i ' IA 6 T6 United Press I Loraine front American and Ger man artillery engaged in a lively artil' ler yduel during Ihe night. Austria-Hungary travelers reaching Switzerland from Vienna say Austria Hungary is an verge of a revolution similar to that which, overthrew tho czar in Kussia. Germany Will Offer Peace Terms to Allies Paris, Juno 7. "It is report ed that most of the German po litical parties have agreed upon the desirability of offering peace to the allies," the Echo do Paris declared today. "Chancellor Hortling will make a very sensational speech in the reichstag soon," War Ravings Stamps cost one cent more today but they'io worth it. gaged and patrons will not have to "stand around indefinitely" to be waited upon. In speaking of last year's Bargain Day, one of the merchants said: "The flood of buyers that overflowed my store last year simply swamped my staff of clerks and many a customer was not waited upon simply becauV w9 had not prepared to handle such a tidal-wave of patronage. This year I'm going to show the people of Marion and Polk counties what a real live sale Is. I have loads of merchandise and, let the buyers come as thick and as fast as they will, we will give them immediate service. My entire stock will be bargain- (Continued on page two) Offensive Begun On American Transports London, Juno 7. The presence of the German submarines in the western Atlantic is the beginning of a real of fensive thei against American trans ports, was the authoritative opinion expressed here. "America' whole power of waging war is eon'ritional on Us ability to keep the ara open," the Gazette said. "Neither in the matter of replace ment nor repression have we warrant for complacency. The aggregate of Brit Ll, nA AmAriin M nnt.nl cti on ftf Mhtn- ping is only slightly above the euneat J losses. v Forty-EightNames On Pershing's Roll Of Honor Today Seventeen American Soldiers Reported Killed In Battle . On French Front Washington, June ' 7. General Per shing reported 48 casualties to the war department today, divided as follows: Seventeen killed in action, 12 dead from wounds; 7 dead from disease; 6 dead from accident; 6 wounded severe ly. . I.ipntpn mi t Robert B. Anderson. Wil son, S. C; Grosvenor Gather, Bladen, Neb.; Henry W. tlarte, aosion; were killed In action. Hriiradier General Robtrt E. L. Michie Staunton, Va., died of disease. Lieuten ant Ralpr M. JNoble, UalesDurg, iu., pre viously reported missing is now report ed dead. The list follows: " Killed in action: Lieutenants Robert B. Anderson, Wil son, N. C. v Grosvenor P. Cather, Bladen, fceb. lL?nry W. Clarke, Boston, Mass. Corporals Joseph Drabkin, Lodi, Cal. Herman L. Evans, Lebauon Junction, Ky. . . Silas Triplett, Hunting Creek, N. Privates Joe W. Bouret, Sheyenno, K. D. Clarence Henry Caw, St. Joseph, Mo. ltnvmoud E. Cuthbertson, Kbo, N. Y. Cliarles Doan, Alger, Wash. Walter W. Hawk, Cincinnati, Ohio. George Olen, Brockton, Mass. iass B. Shaheen, Moorehead, Minn. Guy Powers, Harrisburg, Pa. MikeSiukevich, Easton, Pa. llarle E. C. Smith, Middleton, N. Y. Lewis T. Strickland, O-rro Gordo, N. C. - Died of wounds: Lieutenants Lynn IT. Ilarriman, Con- (Continued on page three) NIGHT BATTLE RAGES AS MARINES STORM POSITION OF ENEMY Americans Advanced to Early Morning Attack Singing "Yankee Doodle" By Fred S. Ferguson (United Press Staff Correspondent) With the Americans on The Marne June 6. (Night). American marines, after hurling the Germans back one and a quarter to two and a half miles on a five mile front northwest of Chateau Thierry this morning, renewed the at tack Into today. The battle is increas ing In'intensity as this dispatch is fil ed. There was violent fighting all last night, the Americans occupying Bus siaros, Torcy, Bouresches, Neuilly wood, part of Belleau wood and tlw railwuy station and railway at Bouresches. The fight began last night and al 3:45 this morning the marines started to advance singing and whistling "Yan kee Doodle" as they trotted across No Man's and. The infantry, on the riL'ht of tin marines advanced In tho faco of a heavy fire. In less than four hours the marines had completely cleared Neuilly wood of (Ooutioud on page two) Frenchmen Pleased wiih American Allies With the French Armies on The Mam?, June 6. "The Americans have won the intense sympathy and admira-' tion of the poilus in every sector where i they have been amalgamated In the pre sent battl"," an official noted today. The battle has inaugurated a verit able fraternity of France-American arms. "On the morning of June 3 the Ger mans, having captured Neuilly wood, crossed tho railroad and captured Bus siaris, together with the crest south of the village. They resumed their opera tions iu the afternoon with heavy ef fectives. The assaulting column was preceded by two companies of tirail leurs (crack shots) fighting in open or der, and aiming to capture Marlgny wood (a mile south of Dussaires). "The Americans took up a position on the extreme left of the French who were south of Neuilly. The Americans held up their fire until the Germans were close, then poured machine gun fire into the Germans' flank, inflicting tine heaviest losses and preventing the tirailleurs from warning the assaulting eolumn. Thereupon, the French counter at tacked, debouching between Neuilly vil lage and the wood, killing, capturing a;id routing the eivemy. One company wad so annihilated that only a sergeant remained to command." - n?!F nonM PFTQ uiil u turn i u LIU OUT OF RADIUS OF HAVAL PATROL SKps Out Sixty Miles' Further to Sea and Bags British Steamer m WARNING GIVEN BEFORE FIRING TORPEDO Port of Philadelphia Re opened After Clearing of Mine Field at Entrance 1 .By Carl D. Groat, (United Press Staff Corres-pondent.) Washington, June 7. The navy has lost contact with at least one coastal German U-boat raider. This fact, apparent from the un hampered sinking of the British steamer Harnathian, 100 miles off the Virginia capes Wednesday was eoa finned by navy officials today. The Harpathian was torpedoed Wednesday morning and her crew with one wound ed, was brought into Hampton Roads last night by the steamer Palmer. The submersible operating off the capes moved out to , sea about sixty miles since Inst heard from, when it sank the Norwegian steamer Eidsvold. Navy men frankly admitted tbat this movemont had not been traced, but they were still hopeful that contact would be established with this U-boat whose plan appears to be the hunting of bigger game than unarmed coastal steamers with no military value. This appeared tho case from the faet that a torpedo was used on the Har- . U UAwa.Cn.a ltlt ...... vn.n. tion the boche has spared bi-s torpedoes. Torpedoed , Without Wanting Now York, June 7. Real Russiann frightfulness is coming into ploy in the submarine raids on Atlantic coast snip ping, according to details of the steam er Harpathian sinking, received here today. , This British ship of 2,800 tons was torpedoed without warning between 9U and 100 miles off the Virginia capes. Captain Owen and his crew of 41 bad barely time to get into the boats. Fly ing timbers from the explosion broka one man's leg and injured tho head of another. The attuck came at S a. m. when most of the crew were asleep anj some tumbled into the boats scantily clad. The German pirate popped up for a minuto and was seen to be a big craft, bearing the number 102 or 112 on uer conning tower. For 2t) hours the Har pathian 's men were in their open boats with insufficient food and wator. A they rowed for Bhorc, they saw two more German submarines. Torpedoing of the Harpathian brought the German sinking record to (Continued on page three) Pacific Coast League Players Travel by Auto San Francisco, June 7. Pacifio Coust leasrue ball players hereafter will travel over tho circuit by automobile excepting in visiting Bait Lake. Arrangements with e local automo bile stage company have been made whereby the clubs wiu save money oy traveling betweon Los Angeles ami San Fianciwo by automobile. The. schedule provide for the imkiana team to make tho first trip south, leav ing here after Sunday's game, spend ing tho night at Salinas and reaching Los Angeles Monday afternoon. Abe Martin t . . . A vfnincr widow and her insurance) moiwsy are soon spotted.. Tell Binkley made a grand patriotic speeek last alght an' nearly mentioned th' president' nam.