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FORTY-SECOND YEAR NO. 19.
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, JANUARY 30, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ONT TRAINS AND NEW
STANDS FTVE CENTS
Jl fl 4 fl
iMiim M UUL UlUUL
DISPOSITION OF GERMAN
COLONIES WILL DECIDE
FINAL FATE OF LEAGUE
Wilson Believes League Of Nations Will Be Given Its
Death Blow If Allies Insist On Dividing Germany's
Former Colonial Possessions Like So Much Loot
England Is Supporting America In Her Claims.
By Robert J. Bender
(United Press staff correspondent)
Paris, Jan. 30. America's partici
pation in the peace settlement may
depend on the decision regarding dis
position of the German colonies, it was
President Wilson believes the loa-
xie of nations tho principle of which
was unanimously adopted last Batur
day will Ibe given its death blow if
the allies now insist on dividing tier
man)' b former colonial possessions
like so much loot. The league of na
tions was one of the principal ideals
lor which the United States entered
Some of tho allies appear to favor
carrying out the world old custom of
"division of the spoils, before the
league of notions begins to function
which may account for the unexpect
ed pressure for territorial problems at
this time. Bit the president wants to
have tho league become effective first
so it can take care of just such ques
tions as internationalization of Ger
many's dapturcd ir,landg and Union
Sea. He would begin to make the lea
gue effective by placing theso disput
ed possessions under its administra
tion. Tho problem thus presented is the
most serious that has yet confronted
the peace delegates. Wilson's firm al
titude apparently has confused his op
ponents, forcing' thorn to play for time
in which to determine their course of
VBy Frad S." Ferguson fi"
Paris, an. 30. The' peace (bureau
resumed discussion of the German co
lonial problem this morning.
With tho majority of the represemt
Hiives proceeding on the basis that tho
secret treaties formulated by tho al
lies beforo 'America's intervention,
were nullified by, acceptance of Pres
ident Wilson's fourteen poinds. It was
Jo Far It Has Received No
Recognition From Berlin
Its Authority Is Force.
By Prank J. Taylor
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Berne, aJn. 30. A northwest Gormnn
republic was declared by the Bruns
wick soldiers' and workmon's congress,
recording to dispatches received here
today. A new state extends from the
IT--.-. .n....tn;..a - tl.a V.irMi apn Arid
includes Hamburg, Sehleswig-Holstnin (
and parts of Saxony and Aitmam. it
is based on socialism and communism.
The northwest Cerman, republic has
received o recognition so far from Ber
liu and its o.ily authority is that of
Control Wilhelnishaven Yet.
Berlin, Jan. 29. (Delayed.) Sp&rta
eans still controlled Wilhelmshaven to
day, according to advices received from
that city. They had dissolved tho work
men's and soldiers' council, seized all
public buildings and banks and taken
over the railways, telephones and tele
graphs. A "stato of siege" has been declar
ed toy them.
City officials have protested against
the R-ction of the fipnrtacans and hav
gone, on strike, determining to do no
work until removal of the "terror."
Functioning of the various- municipal
industries is thus seriously affoctcd.
A report from Stuttgart today said
the shortage of coal probably will force
Berlin electric workers to discontinue
for a fortnight until s reserve can be
accumulated. This would cut off all
light and power here.
Klarazetkin and 400 independent so
"r.ialists are reported to have joined the
BOSTON BRAVES SOLD
Boston, Mass., Jan. 30. The Boston
Braved wdre (sold itoday to iGoorge
.Washington Grant, well known mov
ing picture man of London and Paris.
The club was sold for cash, tte amount
sot being announced.
Grant is now president and treasur
er of the club. It also was announced
Ithat Oeorgo Stalling will remain
manager of the team and that Walter
ilapgood will remain as business man
ager and secretary. They will consti
tute the board of directors..
believed that all colonial claims will
be adjusted on the principle of the
leaguo of .nations.
The virtual alliance which is under
stood to exist ibetween Great Britain
and the United States on the matte,i
of territorial adjustments, was regard
ed as powerful enough to override any
opposition as it has on previous ques
tions inasmuch as in this instance it
is obviously on the popular side and
undoubtedly will receive support from
a majority of the other nations. In
fact, France and Italy are reported to
have followed the British lead in aban
doning, or at least, modifying their ex
pansionist ambitions. This would leave
Japan and Australia practically alone
in the desire to employ Germany's
lost colonies for personal aggrandize
The belief was held in some quar
ters that Jupan and Australia might
hold out for several days, but the ma
jority opinion was that they would
sccunJb Itjoday to tho pressure for
placing all former German olonics un
dor the administration of the league
of .nations with the countries directly
interested acting as trustees.
HOUSE GETS DOWN TO
USiNESS TODAY AN
Passes Bill To Exempt Money,
Notes, And t Accounts
Tho sledding was good in the house
this morning and business went along
with a rapid swing that promises well.
Having spent the greater part of Wed
resday on needless oratory, tho nicm
bers were more than ready to get down
It was expected thnt tho labor ele
ment would make another long fight oc
the passing of the red flag bill. To pre
vent another day of oratory, J. E. Wood
son of Heppner moved tho previous
question at the beginning of the morn
ing's session, and us this was carried
all debate was slfut off.
With tho exception of Representa
tives Home, Kichards and Smith of
Portland, the red flug bill met tho ap
proval of the house notwithstanding the
opposition of the labor men.
To investigate the conditions of dai
ries and the price of milk and why the
dairy industry is not paying and whir
tliero should not bo a higher price paid
for milk iu Portland, Speaker Seymour
Jones a;ipOiutcd cs the house commit
tee, Weeks of Marion, Edwards of Til
lamook and Dodd of Umatilla county
The senate appointed LaFollctt cf Ma
rion and Norblud of Clntsog county".
The vote of Wednesday practically
eliminating the roadmaster from part of
his duties in viewing and laying out
county roads was reconsidered this mom
ing. it wt-s proposed to place this work
on the county surveyor and the bill
pi.sed hurried Wednesday evening.
.Vow that it is repealed and postponed
indefinitely, the old law stands.
Tlie following bills passed the house
To include money, notes and accounts
with other property exempt from taxa
tion. Mr. Seheubel who presented the
bill said the old law got the little fel
low more than the big one. If the pres
ent bill becomes law, money, notes and
accounts on band actualy used in the
transaction of business will not be tax
able. To require that official bonds of ad
ministrators, executors, and guardians
be recorded l a special book and to
be used as primi.jy evidence should the
original be lost Original bonds are of
ten, lost or stolen. With a record kept
in a special book, if the bond iB taken
away, the record may be used as evi
dence Pass Dodder Bill.
A parasite of alfalfa and clover
known as dodder is making trouble i,
Umatilla county and Mr. Dodd, repre
sentative from that county was pleased
to have his bill passed this morning.
It provides that any land owner may
permits dodder to grow on his land and
permits dodder to gro won his hvud and
if ho docs not remove it within 40 days
action may be had in a justice court
in a civil suit.
Out in the eastern part of the state
it often happens that a judge of the
(Continued on page two)
If These Proposed Laws Pass
They Will Become. Effect
ive In Ninety Days.
Two more consolidation bills were
presented yesterday, that of tho state
bor.-rd of education and the stato land
board. The proposed state board of ed
ucation ij to include six members in ad
dition to the superintendent of public
instruction, who is to serve ex-officio
as secretary of the board.
Tlw board of education provides that
three of the members of tho board shell
bo expcvionco6 in common and high
schools and that throe shall bo interest
ed in higher education. Tho term is for
a period of six years and all are to be
sjloetcd by tho governor with the eon
sent of the senate.
The bill would abolish the following!
Statu board of education, stato board of
text books commissioners, mid its chair
man, board of higher curricula and its
chairmen, trustees of state library and
it ate librarian.
There hns already been introduced
bills providing for stato departments of
agriculture, labor and e department of
ndustrios and in each a number of of
fices and officials are abolished.
As laws without an emergency clause
become operative within 90 days after
psssago by tho house and senate and
signature of the governor, all the big
consolidations proposed abolishing a big
majority of offico hnldors in the state
Ijiuisc are vicwod with deep interest by
those who have inhabited tho state
house for a number of years. .
However, from general expression
around tho state Iioubo, and elsewhoro
what is generally known as tho barbor
sho0 opinion, there is little to fear that
ho present office holders will bo legis
lated out of a job.
Pomona Will Make First Trip
And Other Boats May Be
Put Into Service.
The Capital City Navigation com
pany will open river transportation
on the Willamette river between Pert
land, Salem and Independence, on
Tuesday morning, February 4th, 1919.
Tho company has loased the steamer
Pomona and has options on other
boats; tho I'omona will make her first
trip from Ash strcot dock. The com
pany will maintain said service, leav
ing Ash street dock on Tuesdays,
Thursdays and' Saturdays, at 7 a. m.
Tho steamer will loave Independence
at 6 a. m. and Salem at 7 a. m. on
Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
The company will conduct . atual
competition to the rail rates. A flat
rate to Salem on merchandise of $3.50
per ton, and to Independence of $4
per ton, will be inaugurated and main
tained. Other similar rates on other
commodities will be maintained. This
company is independent of the Oregon
City Transportation company, and of
any of the railway lines.
The company is composed of men
who have worked up from the deck of
the Iboats. Captain Chris Bluhm is
president, 23 years ago he wa a deck
boy, and worked his way up until he is
now one of the lcst navigators on the
upper Willamette. Captain Ed Will
iams has had 15 years experience uJ
on the Willamette, and worked from
tho deck to the pilot house. He is vice
president. W. S. Jayes, treasurer, work
ed "rom the deck to the pursers offico.
W. A. Burns, the secretary, has had
ten years experience upon the Willam
ette river boats. These parties are the
sole owners of the new company; they
have both their earnings and experi
ences in the enterprise; they propose
to maintain this service, and, if prop
erly supported by the valley people, to
extend -this service later to Corvallis,
Euganc, Albany and Harrisburg.
The Ash street dock in Portland has
b?on leased by the company, and this
will be the principal place of business
for the company; the Wpaulding dock
in Salem, and tho Damon dock in In
dependence, have, all been leased by
The owners' of the company wilt
devote their personal services in the
work; Cap. Chris Bluhm will be mas
ter; Cnpt. Ed Williams will be pilot;
W. S. Javes, purser, and V. A. Burns
steward of the steamer Pomona, and
will have personal supervision of the
affairs cf the company.
ROBERT PAULUS TO
CLULl DURING YEAR
Annual Mee&iWas Attended!
By Seventy-Five Enthusias
There were nearly one hundred mem
bers packed into the Commercial club
auditorium last night for tho annual
meeting, c:)d the good will and enthusi
asm and optimism set a new record for
club meetings. The atmosphere was as
thick with harmony as it was with cigar
smoke and most of the cigars were per
fectos, Tho things Was so thoroughly
unanimous that a bunch of influenza
germs who held a ' ' stato ' ' conference
in ono of tho cuspidors, got up and left
in tho midst of ono of tho spoeches.
Ono person present, with Hibernian
propensities, thought it would bo d good
idea to hold tho annual meeting quar
terly in future.
Most of the nominees in tho election
were so retiring that they all tried to
decline, but they were so much wanted
that their election was made unanimous
in evory case. Thco. Roth and Hobf.
Paulus were so, mighty popular that
they wore nominated for two offices
at tho ac-mo time. Hal Pntton was
"serious" on his feet and quoted from
"tho book of Moses" in support of
his candidacy . and F. G. Beckcbach
moved that they "suspend the constitu
tion" in order to carry his point.
President Steusloff being out of the
city, vice president Hobt. Paulus pre
sided r.nd read the annual message. This
document reviewed briefly the activi
ties of the past year, which had been
so hainporod with war activities, and
pointed out what should be tha policy
of the club iu future Ho predicted e:i
era of great prosperity for ;thn country
and urged that the club enter upon, a
campaign of publicity and boosting for
Salem end the valley. He urged the
encouragement of the agricultural and
horticultiirl industries, tho building up
of ( payrolls, the, attrition of jiapUil
to this 'community,, and abovo"'aIl, to
make tho Commercial club a vital force
iu development. .
Spoke of Salem's Possibilities.
Vice President Paulus in his address
followed tho same lino of thought, em
phasizing the future possibilities of Sa
lem, the center of onQ of tho most pro
ductive regions of the west. His speech
bristled with statistics shJwing the re
sources of this valley, enumerating the
plants and institutions that were al
ready making . Salem known to the
world, t;nd predicting that some of our
manufacturing plants would have to
doublo their capacity in tho near future
in order to keep up with the demand.
He notod especially that a large propor
tion of the fruit boxes for this district
had to bo shipped in from tho outside
Ho noted that representatives of some
of tho great industries in tho east had
already been in the field looking fur
locations. Tho need of increasing the
club membership was emphasized in or
der to keep pace with tho progress in
other lines. Tho organization should
not only work for tho location of new
industries but should co-operato with
the farming interests in building up the
industries alresdy in the fiold, which
were sometimes restricted in their out
put for lack of raw materials. An
other feature of club work urged by
Mr. Paulus was the endeavor to bring
to Sclcm a number of great eonven-
(Continued on pago two)
AUTO THIEVES AIED
AT lil PROPOSED LAW
Provides That Driver Of Car
Must Carry Tag To Iden
tify His Ownership.
If a bill offered in the house becomes
a law, every person who drives an auto
Or motor veluclo of any kind will be
required to have hady a badge, card ur
tag showing he or she is entitled to
have possession of the machine before
buying gasoline or having repairs done.
Tho bill provides that when the sec
retary of sta te issues the license plates
no shall also issue two metal eards,
tags, badges or bangles of ownership
These badges iff tags or eards or bun
gles are to be numbered to correspond
with the license plate of the machine
and arc intended to show the driver's
authority to be in possession of the car
or motor vcfiicle.
It shall be unlawful, tho bill proposes
for r.ny gasoline or oil vender or re
pairer or any person volunteering as
sistance in the operation of the motor
to sell or furnish any gasoline or ren
der assistance in repairing without first
requiring that the operator of the ear
produce and exhibit the official metal
ta.u or badg e. '
Should tho bill become a law, it is
thought it would do much to erippie
the growing industry of stealing auto
STRIKES II! BRITISH
ISLES ARE ALLEGED
Are In Open OpposusE. To
Authorized Heads Of Nat
ural Trades Unioas.
Glasgow, Jan. 30. Striking ship
builders raided the yards today and
dragged out several non-unionist t. A
serious clash was narrowly averted.
The strikers sent an ultimatum to
the provost maiehal declarinc that un
less the employers consent to begin
negotiations by tomorrow they will
cut off tho city's entire supply of
electricity. Many municipal electrical
employes already are on strike and it
is said there is only enough current
tor street lights and hospitals.
London, Jan. 30. Tho general
strikes throughout Great Britain and
Ireland are bolshevistic, British labor
lenders declared today. They said the
strikers aro under the direction of lo
cal boards organized like soviots, which
are openly opposed to tha authorized
heads of the National Federation of
Trades Unions. It was further chnrg
cd that the strikes are being partially
financed by tho Russian bolshevik!.
"Tho Btrikes. aro tho result of agita
tion by 'shop stewards' who are Eng
glish bolsheviks." Frank Smith, na
tional secretary of tho Federation of
Eng neers and Shipbuilders, told the
United Press today-
They are under the direction of local
boards which are organized like soviots
and aro m open opposition to the auth
orized heads of the National Feder
ation of Trades Unions. It is reported
that these 'shop-stewards' aro receiv
ing money from Lcnino.
' 'The executive council of tho feder
ation voted yosterday to disclaim any
connection with the strikes except the
one called- in the Tyne district for a
47 hour week, which is likely to bo
settled in a few days.
To Have Congress Next Week. :
"I have learned that the 'shop
stewards.' havc!nvlted th local boarl.
of England, Scotland and probably Ire
land to attend a congress next week in
Barrow-in-Furness (18 miles northwes'
of Lancaster), which is tho capital of
British bolahevism. The purpose of this
congress, I understand, is to endorse the
'shop steward' or soviet movemont, and
draw up a definite program. Tho 'shop
stewards' recently sent seven agitatorf
through the districts which are now
erupting. It is believed certain they
caused the present upheavals.
''The men now strTking voted in No
vombcr to accept a 47 hour weok. Ap
parently flushed with tho success of
their efforts, they are. now independ
ently trying to force a 40 hour week.
The government is faced with a di
lemma. If it dealB with the strikers it
means recognition of tho independent
organization and consequent retraction
of the government's decision to treat
with the authorized heads of organized
About a quarter of a million men are
oh strike in various parts of the Unit
ed Kingdom. Shipbuilding is complete
ly tied up and other industries, partic
ularly coal mines, are seriously affected
through sympathetic strikes.
Belfast, where rioting already has oc
curred! is completely dominated by the
strikers and business is at a standstill.
More than 100,000 persons are now
out of work in Belfast. There is no
electricity and intra-eity transporta
tion is paralyzed.
The Willys-Overland company an
nounces a profit sharing plan whereby
half the profits of the Toledo plant
over a fair return on the capital in
vested will be distributed to the 10,
000 employes annually.
: abe mm ?
Whnt's become o' th' ole lime
preach that dressed like a corpso an'
pcrted his hair on tn' suier u wuz
r..- ved st th' Slatv Holler Debatin'
elub last night, that th' war spirit toro
out faster than th' Christmas spirit.
I ' "
This May Result Unless They Endorse Wilson's Plans For
Ending Strife Through Meeting Of Bolsheviki And
Allied Delegates. Step Toward This Would Be Em
bargo Against Archangel And Vladivostok Exports.
Washington, Jan. 30. The United
States threatens to withdraw its sup
port from tho liussinn republican fac
tions unless they ct once endorse Presb
dent Wilson's plans for ending Russian
strife through a meeting with bolshe
viki uuil allied delegates, atpiomatie
circles disclosed today.
Recall of American troops in tho
Archangel region and in Siberia, embar
go against exports to Archangel and
Vladivostok and withdrawal of United
States recognition now granted the dip
lomuts of tho Russina constitutional
ists at Washington, would bo the most
significant features of tho step. Sinii
Inr notion could bo expected from Great
Britain, Fiance, Italy and Japan and
tho Russians would bo loft "to fight
it out amongst themselves."
It is understood a memorandum of
the American viewpoint has been hand
ed to the Russian embassy here for con
veyance to Russian ambassadors and
ministers at Paris.
Diplomats admit that the disappoint
ment of tho United States ct the oppo
sition of tho Russian constitutionalists
REPORTS ON SENATE
BILLS ARE COII? .
At Short Session This Morn
ing, Anti-Trust Bill Was
, As on provious days tho senate iau
out of business in a short while this
morning and took a recess until after
noon. ' Its afternoon sessions, with only
one jr two exceptions, have been lust
ing lij or 20 minutes. By the end of
that time tho senate cleans up all tho
business on tho desk and is forced to
lidjouru tor the lack of something tt
This condition is attributed to the
tardiness of tuo scuuto committees in
acting on and reporting1 bills which
have men icerred to them for con
sideration. As tho session is now prac
tically half over, it means that unless
tho comiii ttcis gut down to business
:.nd turn out woik for tho senate to do
there is going to be a greater conges
tion even than usual during the cloning
days of tho session.
Attention was called to the situation
yestorduy afternoon by Senator Strayer
who urged the committees to expedite
"Half of tho session is over and not
any of the largo measures have been
brought In yet," he sail. "This morn
ing 77 bills and resolutions wore refer
red to committees, and there are now
probably 100 measures in the bauds of
committcos. I want to emphasize the
necessity of the committees reporting
out bills s0 that the senate can get to
work on them and not have a great con
gestion toward tho end of the session."
This nioriiiiiK the senate passod the
anti trust bill introduced by Benntors
Lachmund. Jho bill was passed with
only two votes against it, those being
east by Huston and Hundley.
The measure is drawn to hit any mo
nopoly or combination in restraint ol
trade - or to control prirces, and pro
vides penalties for any persons, firms,
corporations, or associations to create
or carry out rwtri .'tions in tradejto lim
the production or to increase or reduce
tho prico of commodities; to prevent
competition in the manufacture trans
portation, sale or purchase of merchan
dise, produce or commoditics;to fix any
standard or figure whereby the price to
the public shell be in any manner es
tablished or controlled.
Seal Object of Bill.
Tho retl object of the bill, as ex
plained by Senator Thomas, is to reach
the alleged cement monopoly in this
state, which ho said has prevented the
highway commission from obtaining
road materials at a price for which they
should be sold.
Ho said the bill does not apply t3
agricultural or labor organizations, and
in repy t0 a query from Senator Farreil
he said it was not intended to be en
it pruductiono r to increase or reduce
fishermen's union on the Columbia riv-
(Continued on page two)
toward tho proposed ull-Russian confer
ence is evident.
The United States has practically
supported the constitutional diplomats
hurc, financially as well as politically,
since their appointment by Kerensky.
Tho ento-ito powers were led to do liko-
! wise. ,
The officiul position of the r.orthcri
' Russian government regarding tho inoes
! ing will not bo known, it is believed,
until the arrival in Paris of President
TcliiiiUoviky, r.ow on his wav ' tha
pUUCU CUI11V 1 L . W 1JU1I1 AICiiUTlgv. ,
The Russian embassy hns received an
Arclmngo cablo declaring thnt TchniT
kovsky is pledged by his government
to take - an uncompromising staud
against tho bolsheviki and to iusist iMk.
Russia i republican admission to tho da
liberations. The cables als0 stated that Tchaikov
sky proposes to join tho Omsk govern
ment representatives in cstablistuna s
strong center of Russian polities
is, from which the land can be redeemed
jority of Senators Opposa
Paying Them Salary of .
' $4,000 Yearly.
Twenty-two. state senators avo oppos
ed to paying the members o( tho ttata
highway commission a salary "of $4009
a year, or any other salary.
They expressed their opinio.i on the
subject yesterday afternoon when they
killed Senator Pioree'g bill, which pro
vided that tho commissioners should re
ceive a $4000 salary and devote all their
time to the job.
The bill was killed bj being indefi
nitely postponed, following the great
est flood of oratory which has been
heard in tho senate at this session ol
tho legislature. For more than tvo
hours the senators urgucd tho question,
and finally turned tho bill down by a
vote of 22 to 7 Tho seven senators fa
vorable to the bill were Dimick, Gill,
Lachmund, LaFollctt, Pierce, Strayer
The bill eamo beforo tho Benato with &
majority und minority report from tho
committee on roads and highways. Tiitt
minority report was favorable to tho
bill and was Bigncd by Lachmund and
Thomas. The majority report wa-a
against the bill, and was signed by Or
ton, Hurley, Patterson, Ritner, Smith ol
Coos, Handley and Norblad. The test
vote camo on a motion to substituta
the minority report for the majority re
port. Those who wore opposed to tho bill
took tho position that the measure was
a slnp at the present members of tha
highway commission, all of whom aro
wealthy men and would not giv "
their time to the position.
The supporters of tho bill denied
that any reflection was intended to
ward the present commissioners, but er
gucd that a reasonable salary should
be paid so it would not be necessary
to pick rich men to fill the jobs, but
rather bo a poor man could accept a
place on - the commissions if he Lad
the brains to give the stato a dollar's
worth of roads for every dollar spent.
Senator Pierce insisted that the com
missioners should give their en tiro time
to the work, as there was no bigger
job in tho state than directing the $10
000,000 road building program, which
is now being proposed, he said.
"And n0 one should be penalized, by
being untblo to accept a position on
the commission, because ho is not s
millionaire," he said. "All tho brain
in tho stato capable of building roads
are not confined to millionaires."
He said he did not like the tttitudo
taken-by Commissioner Thompson tha
other night when he told a legislativa
audience that "you can't pay me,"
"I have always found that Buy tima
anybody wanted to give mo anything
it usually turned out to bo pretty cost-
(Continued on page two) J