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iy mm In Message to Congress President Pre sents Definite Peace Program of the United States FOURTEEN CONSIDERATIONS DEMANDED American People Ready to Give Their Strength and Highest Purpose In Final War for Human Liberty, Declares President Wilson Washington. President Wilson ad dressing Congress, delivered a restate ment of war aims in agreement with the recent declaration by the British premier. David Lloyd George. The President presented a definite pro gram for world peace. The President said: "Gentlemen of the Congress Once more, as repeatedly before, the spokesmen of the. Central empires have indicated their desire to discuss the objects of the war and the possi ble bases of a general peace. Parleys have been in progress at Brest-Lftovsk between Russian representatives and representatives of the Central Powers to which the attention of all the bel ligerents' has been invited for the pur pose of ascertaining whether it may be possible to extend these parleys into a general conference with regard to terms of peace and settlement. "The Russian representatives pre sented not only a perfectly definite tatement of the principle upon which they would be willing to conclude peace, but also an equally definite pro gram of the concrete application of those principles. The representatives of the Central Powers, on their part, presented ' an outline of settlement which, if much 4ess definite, seemed susceptible of liberal interpretation until their program of practical terms was added. T "That program proposed no conces sions at all either to sovereignty of Russia or to the preferences of the population " with whose fortunes it dealt, but meant, in a word, that the Central empires were to keep every loot of territory their armed forces had 'occupied every province, every city, every point of vantage as a perma nent addition to their territories and their power. "It is a reasonable conjecture that the general principles of settlement, which they at first suggested, origi nated with the more liberal statesmen of Germany and Austria, the men who have begun to feel the force of their own people's thought and purpose, while the concrete terms of actual set tlement came from the military lead ers who have no thought but to keep wiiat thtv have erot. The negotiations have been broken off. The Russian representatives were sincere andin earnest. Tney can noi emeruuu uuu proposals of conquest and domina tion. "The whole incident is full of sig nificance. It is' also full of perplexity. With whom are ihe Russian repre sentatives dealing? For whom aro the representatives of the Central empires speaking? Are they speak ing for the majorities of their re spective parliaments or for the mi nority parties, that military and im perialistic minority which has so far dominated their whole policy and controlled the affairs of Turkey and of the Balkan States which, have felt obliged to become their associates In this war? The Russian representa tives have Insisted, very Justly, very wisely, and in the true spirit of mod ern democracy, that the conferences they have been holding with the Teu tonic and Turkish statesmen should be held within open, not closed doors, and all the world has been audience, as was desired. To whom have we been listening, then? To those who speak the spirit and Intention of the resolutions of the German Reichstag of the ninth of July, last, the spirit and Intention of the liberal leaders and parties of Germany, or to those who resist and defy that spirit and intention and Insist upon conquest and subjuga tion? Or are we listening. la fact, to both, unreconciled and In open and hopeless contradiction? These are ?ry serious and pregnant questions. Upon cue answer to them depends the peace of the world. "But whatever the results of the parleys at Brest-Litovsk, whatever the confusions of counsel and of pur pose in the utterances of the spokes men of the Central Powers, they have again attempted to acquaint the world with their objects in the war and have again challenged their ad versaries to say what their objects are and what sort of settlement they would deem just and satisfactory. There is no good reason why that challenge should not be responded to, and responded to with the utmost can dor. We did not wait for it Not once, but again and again, we have laid our whole thought and purpose before the world, not in general terms only, but each time with sufficient definition to make it clear what sort of definitive terms of settlement must necesarily spring out of them. "The moral climax of this, the cul minating and final war for human lib erty has come." said the President in ending his address, "and they (peo ple of the United States), are ready tn nnt. their own strength, their own highest purpose, their own integrity and devotion to the test.' "Within the last week Mr. Lloyd George has spoken with admirable candor and in admirable spirit' for the people and government of Great Britain. There is no confusion of counsel among the adversaries of the Central Powers, no uncertainty of principle, no vagueness of detail. The only secrecy of counsel, the only lack of fearless frankness, the only failure to make definite statement of the objects of the war, lies with Ger many and her allies. "The issues of life and death hang upon these definitions. No statesman who has the least conception of his re sponsibility ought for a moment to permit himself to continue this trag ical and appalling outpouring of brood and treasure, unless he is sure beyond a peradventure that the objects of the vital sacrifice are part and parcel of the very life of society and that the people for whom he speaks think them right and imperative as he does. "There is, moreover, a voice call ing for these definitions of principle and of purpose which is, it seems to me, more thrilling and more compell ing than any of the many moving voices with which the troubled air of the world is filled. It is the voice of the Russian people. They are pros trate and all but helpless, it would seem, before the grim power of Ger many, which has hitherto known no relenting and no pity. Their power, apparently, Is shattered. And yet their soul is not subservient. They will not yield either In principle or in action. Their conception of what is right, of what it Is humane and honor able for them to accept, has been stated with a frankness, a largeness of view, a generosity of spirit and a universal human sympathy which must challenge the admiration of ev ery friend of mankind; and they have refused to compound their Ideals or desert others that they themselves may be safe. "They call to us to say what it is that we desire. In what, if in any thing, our purpose and our spirit differ from theirs; and I believe that the people of the United States would wish me to respond with utter simplic ity and frankness. Whether their present leaders believe it or not, it is our heartfelt desire and hope that some way may be opened whereby we may be privileged to assist the people of Russia to attain their utmost hope of liberty and ordered peace. "It will be our wish and purpose that the processes of peace, when they are begun, shall be absolutely open and that they shall involve and permit henceforth no secret unaer RtAndinrs of any kind. The day of conquest and aggrandizement is gone by; so is also the day cf secret cove nants entered into in the Interest of particular governments and likely at some unlooked-for moment to upset the peace of the world. It is this happy fact, now clear to the view of every public man whose thoughts do not still linger in an age. that is dead and gone, which makes iT possible for every nation whose purposes are con sistent with justice and the peace of the world to avow now or at any other time the objects it has In view. "We entered this war because vio lations of right had occurred which touched us to the quick and made the life of our own people Impossible un less they were corrected and tne worm secured once for all against their re currence. What we demana in tnia war, therefore, Is nothing peculiar to ourselves. It is that the world be maae fit and safe to live in; and mainly, that it be -made safe for every peace-loving nation, which, like our own, wishes to live its own life, determine its own in stitutions, be assured of Justice and ffl'r rtealine bv the other peoples of the world, as against force and selfish flgereasion. All the peoples of tne world are in effect partners in this in terest and for our own part we see very clearly that unless justice De ritn a to others, it will not be done to us. The program 01 me wuuu yca, therefore, is our program, ana tnat pro gram, the only possible program, as we see it. is this: "I. Open covenants of peace, open ly arrived at, after which there shall be no private international under standings of any kind, but diplomacy shall proceed always frankly and in the public view. "II. Absolute freedom of navigation upon the seas, outside territorial wa ters, alike in peace and in war, except as the seas may be closed in whole or in part by international action for the enforcement of international cove nants. "III. The removal, so far as pos sible, of all economic barriers and the establishment of an equality of trade conditions among all the nations con senting to the peace and associating themselves for its maintenance. "IV. Adequate guarantees given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety. "V. "A free, open-minded and abso lutely impartial adjustment of all co lnniai claims, basedupoir a -strict ob servajjge of the principle that in deter mining a 11 sucn quesnviiB ui u''6 t v the interests of the populations con cerned must have equal weight with the equitable claims of the Govern tnent. whose title is to be determined. "VI. The evacuation of all Russian territory and such a settlement of all questions affecting Russia as will se cure the best and freest co-operation of the other nations of the world in obtaining for her an unhampered and unembarrassed opportunity for the in dependent determination of her own political development and national pol icy and assure her of a sincere wel come into the society of free nations under institutions of her own choos ing; and, more than a welcome, assist ance also of every kind that she may need and may herself desire. The treatment accorded Russia by her sis ter nations in the months to come will be the acid test of their good will, or their comprehension of her needs as distinguished from their own interests, and of their Intelligent and unselfish sympathy. "VII. Belgium, the whole world will agree, must be evacuated and restored, without any attempt to limit the sov ereignty which she enjoys in common with all other free nations. No other single act will serve as this will serve to restore confidence among the na tions in the laws which they have themselves set and determined for the overnment of their relations with one another. Without this healing act tne whol structure and validity of inter national law is forever Impaired. "VII. All French territory Bhould be fresd and the invaded portions re stored, and the wrong done to France by Pnnsia in 1871 in the matter of Al-eace-Ldrralne, which has unsettled the peace cf the world for nearly fifty years, should be righted, In order that peace may once more be made secure in the Interest of all. "IX. A readjustment of the frontiers of Italy hould be effected along clear ly recognizable lines of nationality. "X. The peoples of Austria-Hungary, whose pitce among the nations we wish to tee safeguarded and assured, should bt accorded the freest opportu nity of afitonomous. development. "XI. Romania, Serbia nd Montene gro should be evacuated; occupied ter ritories restored; Serbia accorded free and securff access to the sea; and the relations cf the several Balkan States to one another determined by friendly counsel among historically established Hnes of sllcclance and nationality; and international guarantees of the political pnd economic Independence and territorial Integrity of the several , Balkan States should be entered intoJ "XII. The Turkish portions of the nresent Ottoman empire shouia oe assuied a secure sovereignty, but the other nationalities which are now under Turkish rule should be as- ijured an undoubted security of life and an absolutely unmolested oppor tunity of autonomous development, and the Dardanelles should be permanent ly opened as a free passage to tr ships and commerce of all nations un der international guarantees. "XIII. An independent Polish State should be erected, which should in clude the territories inhabited by in disputably Polish populations, which Bhould be assured a free and secure access to the sea, and whose political and economic Independence and ter ritorial integrity should be guaran teed by International covenant. "XIV. A general association of na tions must be formed under speciflo covenants for the purpose of afford ing mutual guarantee of political in dependence and territorial integrity to great and Bmall states alike. "In regard to these essential recti fications of wrong and assertions of right we feel ourselves to be intimate partners of all the governments and peoples associated together against the imperialists. We can not be sepa rated in interest or divided in purpose. We stand together until the end. "For such arrangements and cove nants we are willing to fight and to continue to fight until they are achieved; but only because we wish the right to prevail and desire a just and stable peace, such as can be se cured only by removing tne cniei provocations to war, which this pro gram does remove. We have no jeal ousy of German greatness, and there is nothing in this program that im nairs it. We grudge her no achieve ment or distinction of learning or of pacific enterprise such as have maae her record very bright and very envia ble. We do not wish to injure her or to block in any way her legitimate in fluence or power. We do not wish to fight her either with arms or with hos tile arrangements of trade, if she is willine to associate herself with us and the other peace loving nations of the world in covenants of justice ana law and fair dealing. We wish her only to accept a place of equality among the peoples of the world the new world in which we now live in stead of a nlace of mastery. "Neither do we presume to suggest to her any alteration or moditication of her institutions. But it Is neces sary, we must frankly say, and neces sary as a preliminary to any Intent cent dealings with her on our part, that we should know whom her spokesmen speak for when they speak to us whether for the Reichstag ma jority or for- the military party, and the men whose creed is imperial domi nation. "We have spoken now, surely, in terms too concrete to admit of any further doubt or question. An evi dent DrinciDle runs through the whole program I have outlined. It is the nrincinle of justice to all peoples ana nationalities and their right to live on equal terms of liberty and safety with one another, whether tney ne strong or weak. Unless this principle be made its foundation no part of the structure of international justice can Rtnnif. "The DeoDle of the United States could act upon no other principle, and to the vindication of this principle thev are ready to devote their lives, their honor, and everything that they possess. The moral climax of this, the culminating and final war for hu man liberty has come, and they are ready to put their own strength, their own highest purpose, their own integ rity and devotion to the test." i 1 1 GERMANY FACES BIG CRISIS Gap Between Political Parties Be comes a Chasm Too Wide to Be Bridged. Amsterdam. The German throne itself may be haneing in the balance. The German government is confronted by one of the greatest crises in us history as a result of the conflict be tween the political government and the high command of the army, and the necessity of making a decision that will solve the gigantic problem rests with the kaiser himself. If the German papers correctly mir ror the situation, the test which the ftnlsheviki have made of Germany s attituda toward the principle of no annexations has thrown Germany into political turmoil. Tt is reDorted generally tnat gen eral von Ludendorff, as leader of the fnrmr rrouD. has gone so far as to threaten the resignation of himself and Field Marshal von Hindenburg if further countenance Is given even to mirh Tiews as those advanced by men of the type of Dr. von Kuehlmann and Count Czernin, the German ana Aus trian foreign ministers. At the same time, the views or von Kuehlmann and Czernin fail to satisfy th fiprman Socialists, who regard their miJdle-of-the-road psJtlcy as trickery, and who are determined that tha sDirit of the Reichstag resolution must be followed sincerely and with out qualification or reserve. FOOD DEPARTMENT 1 CHS DECEMBER ACTIVE MONTH FOR STATE FOOD INSPECTORS, WHO VISITED MANY PLACES. PROSECUTE LAW VIOLATORS Grocers, Hotels, Restaurants, Meat Shops, Bakeries', Drug Stores and Fruit Stands Are Among the List Most Frequently Prosecuted. Nashville. The report of the Ten nessee department of food and drugs shows that during the month of De cember, 55 days were devoted to in spection work by the department, equivalent to an average of 3.2 men in the field for each of the seventeen working days. The inspectors visited fourteen towns, distributed over twelve counties. Eighteen concerns were prosecuted for violating various laws administered by this department. Food handling establishments visit ed numbered 1,028, and hotels visited were eight, making a total of 1,036. Of the food handling establishments in spected 286 were groceries, 198 res taurants, 274 soft drink stands, 119 meat shops, 16 fruit stands, 25 bak eries, 23 confectioneries, 17 candy factories and 44 drug stores; the re mainder were lunch stands, produce houses, ice cream stands and other miscellaneous food handling estab lishments. Sanitary orders were is sued in 331 places; 697 establishments were passed as o. k. In the course of these inspections four lots of food were condemned as unfit for use. Ot this there were 44,912 pounds of flour, 90,000 pounds of Irish potatoes and ten pounds of canned sauce. Under the drug store liquor law six investigations were made and under the anti-narcotic law two investiga tions were made. Prosecutions under the sanitary food law were: Chattanooga, three guilty, each fined $10 and costs; Nashville, eleven guilty, seven fined each $10 and costs and four cases compromised. Prosecutions under the food and drug law were: Chattanooga, one guilty, fined $10 and costs; Nashville, one guilty, fined $10 and costs. Two were prosecuted and found guilty under the drug store law at Pulaski, and each was bound over to the grand jury. Correction notices were issued at five, of the eight hotels visited, the other three being passed as o. k. The food and drug laboratory re ported twenty food samples and four drug samples tested during the month. Thirteen food samples and two drug samples were recorded as illegal. Insurance Revenue Increases. The comparative statement of re ceipts of the department cf insurance from 1911 to 1917, inclusive, issued by Insurance Commissioner L. K. Ar rington, shows an increase over 1916 in the gross income of that depart ment of $51,429.27. Mr. Arrington's report also shows a decrease in ex penses for the year of $43.77. All sources of income for- the de partment show material increases with the exception of interests de posits, which show a decrease. This, however, is due to the fact that the insurance commissioner now remits the treasury all funds on hand at the end of each month, with the exception of department expense funds; where as, formerly all funds were held for a longer period of time, thus increasing the interest earnings to the credit of the department. The financial condition of the de partment of insurance as compared with former years reflects much credit, on the administration of Com missioner Arrington. Mr. Arrington succeeded W. F. Dunbar as insurance commissioner in 1915; previous to that time he was a deputy in the in surance commissioner's office. State Has 184 Coal Mines. The Bon Air Coal Company reports to Fuel Administrator W. E. Myer that following several days of idle ness, owing to a lack of cars, its mines are again in operation, having re ceived a supply of cars from the N. C. & St. L. Railway. He also received a report from Chief Mine Inspector Shiflett. in which he states that 1S4 coal mines are in operation in Tennessee, with the miners working four days a week. The report sets out that in 1916 the number ot mines in operation in the Mate was 126. or 7S less than 1917. These 126 mines produce about 6, nnnnoft tons of coal in 1916. whereas the 1S4 mines operated la 1917 pro duced 7X00.000 tons.