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WORK OR FIGHT ORDER GOES INTO EFFECT AS SOON AS STATUS OF MEN HAS BEEN DETERMINED. Callings Classified as to "Productive ness" Instructions Are Silent on Baseball Players, Though Crowder Now Is Opposed to uame. Classes Are Defined. The following classes are ex empted from provisions of the "work or fight" order in instruc tions issued by Provost Marshal General Crowder: Managers, cooks, clerks, etc., not' engaged in actual serving of food or drink in public places. Store executives, managers, super intendents and heads of special departments, traveling salesmen, registered pharmacists, delivery drivers and men doing heavy work. Chauffeurs, "public and pri vate." Actual performers in le gitimate concerts, operas and the atrical performances. The order applies to the following non-essentials: Bartenders, waiters, etc., en gaged in serving food or drink. Domestic servants. Passenger ele vator operator? and attendants, doormen, footmen, carriage open ers and other attendants in clubs, hotels, stores, apartment houses, office buildings and bathhouses, including bellboys and porters not engaged in heavy work. -Ushers, attendants and all other persons engaged and occupied in games, sports and amusements, except ac tual performers in legitimate con certs, operas or theatrical per formances. Sales clerks and oth er clerks employed in stores, in cluding clerical forces. Automo bile salesmen in cities. Washington. Instructions to draft boards were issued by Provost Mar shal General Crowder explaining and amplifying the work or fight order un der which, after July 1, all men of draft age, regardless of their classifi cation, must engage in employment held to be productive or join the army. "When it has been determined a per son of deferred classification is- an idler or is engaged in non-productive service," says the instructions, "thf classification v and order number : of msfe person will be withdrawn and will be immediately inducted into the military service." Several specific rul ings are made as to the effect of the order upon certain classes named as non-productive. In the case of sports and amusements the language of the order is repeated with emphasis, but without mentioning professional base hall, an ' expected announcement con cerning which had been awaited with keen and widespread interest. In making public the instructions, however, officials of General Crowder's office said baseball playing "at pres ent" is regarded as non-productive, though there will be no ruling until an individual case has been appealed from a local board. Managers, cooks, clerks and other employes not engaged i the actual serving of food and drink In public places are exempted from the section declaring such service of food and drink non-productive. Store executives, managers, superintendents and heads of special departments, trav eling salesmen, registered pharma cists, delivery drivers and men doing heavy work are not included among the clerks and salesmen of mercantile establishments classed as non-productive. Chauffeurs, "public and private," are eliminated from the non-productive class unless they engage in work held to be non-productive in addition to their mechanical duties. COAL DEALERS ARE WARNED. Must Not Gouge Public By Adding Freight Increase on Coal at Hand. Washington. Coal dealers and dis triubtors are prohibited in a Fuel Ad ministration order from adding to the price of coal they now have on hand the freight rate increases on this com modity. The advance freight tariff may be included in the price only when dealers actually have paid them or become obligated to pay. Large supplies of coal now held in tide pools and by dealers throughout the coun try, were moved under the freight rates now in force and the Administra tion's order is designated to protect the public and the Government from unsc rupulous dealers. Fifty Persons Injured. New London, Conn. About fifty per sons were injured, twelve more or less seriously." when an exhaust valve of passing locomotive blew out and sprayed steam under heavy pressure through the windows of the three rear coaches of the Gilt Edge Express, New York to Boston, at Saybrook Junction, on the New York, New Haven & Hart ford Railroad. None of the injured Is believed to be fatally hurt according to reports. FLEEING FROM THE $1 ess 83 58 m The. French peasants are leaving Marne, carrying with tnem some oi tneir ueiuusms AUSTRIAN TAKE TO THEIR HEELS DEFEATED BY THE ITALIANS, FOE IS IN DISORDERLY RETREAT ACROSS PIAVE RIVER. Wustro-Hungarian Casualties Esti- ,' nf ted at 180,000 Drive Against Latins Completely Smashed on a Front of Almost Fifty Miles. Rome The Austrians are in a dis orderly retreat all along the Piave, the supreme command announced. The retreat extends all the way from the Montello ridge to the sea, on a front of almost 50 miles. It came after a defeat at the hands of the Italians in which the enemy was completely over whelmed. The Austrians rushed back over the Piave in disorder. Not only the Austrian infantry, but also the Austrian air forces were overwhelmed. The War Office records the downing of 10 airplanes and adds that since June 15 the Italians have destroyed 95 airplanes and 6 balloons. "The Austrian offensive was more than a failure, it was a defeat for the enemy, who at several points was four times stronger than the Italians." This announcement was made by Premier Orlando in the Senate, amid enthusi astic cheering. He added: "After the present victorious resist ance another battle may burst out sooner or later. In fact, reliable re ports which have been received say that the Austrians are concentrating large forces in the Tyrol and Trentino in another desperate attempt to break through the mountain front." Clarence Young, of the American aviation forces, while making a flight, was compelled to descend within the Austrian lines. His comrades have as sured headquarters he was not injured. A large part of the Austro-Hungarian casualties, estimated by Italian mili tary officials atlSO.OOO and probably more, sustained "in the latest offensive of the enemy in the Northeastern Ital ian front, were due to the fact that in the early hours preceding the assault a week ago, the Italians anticipated the Austrian fire by pouring artillery fire upon troop concentrations which" were being made preparatory to at tacks upon the Italian lines. The Austrian losses on the Montello and at San Dona di Piave were partic ularly heavy after the first two days of the offensive swing, owing to the firmness of the attacks at these two places. Slugged By Taxi Bandit. Toledo, O George D. Pearsall, 61 years old. of Birmingham, Mich., rob bed of $250 and beaten by a taxicab bandit. Is probably dying in a hospital here. A farmer found him unconscious at a roadside, where he had lain sev eral iours. Pearsall says he went tax icab riding with a young woman he met in a cafe, that she Invited a male companion to ride with them and that the girl, the chauffeur and the other man slugged and robbed him. Accidentally KHIs Wife. Sharon, Penn. Mrs. Walter Riggs, 19 years old. was accidentally shot and killed by her husband. The fam ily was camping above Sharpsville and Riggs was getting ready to hunt frogs. He nicked ud a rifle and it was acci dentally discharged. The bullet en tered his wife'a bead. A jury exoner ated Riggs. REGION OF THE THIRD their homes In the region involved in WILL-FLY ACROSS ATLANTIC irari Fliaht of Three Men Is To Be L Attempted From Newfoundland To the Azores islands. Washington. British and American aeronautical experts believe swarms of American-made airplanes will be flown across the Atlantic to the battle fields of France next year. The first of the huge seaplanes is being pre pared for the test flight. It is hoped to make the new record for continuous overseas flight in September of this year. The first official announcement of the undertaking was made by Ma jor General William Brancker, Comp troller General of the' Equipment Di vision of the British Royal Flying Forces, who arrived recently in this country to consult with the American aircraft producers. Secretary of War Baker has conferred with Major Gen eral Brancker on. the plan and he said: "It is a very daring and tempting spec ulation, and anything the War Depart ment can do to help materialize it will be done." ARMED FORCES QUELL MOB Fresh Conflicts Break Out in Vienna, According To Reports. London. Fresh conflicts broke out in Vienna, according to an Exchange Telegraph dispatch received here. Crowds paraded through the streets were intent upon reaching the German Embassy to vent their ire against Ger many, but they were dispersed by the police, cavalry and foot soldiers. Po lice and soldiers have killed four per sons and wounded 17 more in strike riots, Count M. Karolyi has announced in the Hungarian Parliament, accord ing to a dispatch from Copenhagen. These riots apparently refer to Hun garian cities. Reward Offer Extended. Washington. Extension to all naval districts of a offer of $1,000 reward for information leading to the location of an enemy submarine base on the Atlantic Coast was announced by Sec retary' Daniels after he learned that such an offer had been made by one district commander. Mr. Daniels said there was no evidence indicating the presence of such a base, but some of the officers of the coast patrol thought the prospect of a reward would stimu late vigilance on the part of people living in the vicinity of unfrequented bays and inlets. ' Charles Honors Brother. Amsterdam. Emperor Charles, ac cording to a Vienna telegram, has con ferred upon his broker, Archduke Maximilian, the grand cross of the Or der of Leopold with the war decora tion and swords. The message says It was the troops of the Archduke who captured Fossalta, at the south ern end of the Italian front. Bomb Goes Off Prematurely. Baltimore. Two soldiers were kill ed and a third injured severely by the premature explosion of a trench mor tar bomb at the army proving grounds at Aberdeen, Md. Secretary Baker and several ordnance officers were stand ing less than 300 yards away. Senate Authorizes Erection of Statue. Washington. The Senate by a vote of 51 to 11 adopted a House resolution authorizing the erection in a public park, in this city, of a statue of Julius Buchana- Senators opposing the res olution vigorously attacked the loyalty of the former President i GERMAN OFFENSIVE the third German drive, toward the CIRCUS WRECK; 85 LIVES LOST AT IVANHOE, INDIANA ONLY 24 OF THE BODIES HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED. Most of the Other Bodies Were Charred and Mangled Beyond Recog nitionMany of the Missing Were Said To Be "Razor Backs." Gary, Ind. Sixty-two bodies of Hagenbeck-Wallace circus employes who were killed in the wreck six miles west of here on the Michigan Central railroad lay in , temporary morgues here and at Hammond, Ind.t while cir cus officers made' frantic ; efforts to compile an accurate list of dead and injured. Only 24 of the bodies had been identified. Most of the others were charred and mangled beyond recognition. Edward M. Ballard, gen eral manager of the circus, issued a statement saying figures compiled in dicate that probably 85 persons had been killed. He' said a hasty tabula tion of scattered employes showed that almost about 60 are missing in addition to the 24 identified dead. Most of the missing were said to be "razor backs," many" of them negroes. F. S. Wipple, railroad trainmaster, also has been given up as dead. Parts of two bodies cremated in the furnace of tangled steel and timbers, which was the circus trainr were dug out. Authorities said that If the, death list is as great as estimated by circus men, the additional bodies probably, were reduced to ashes. An inquest will be held at Hammond and Gustave Klauss, fireman of the troop train of empty Pullmans, has been ordered brought to Hammond to testify. "We will have the engineer, Alonzo K. Sargent, present when we are ready for him," was all Deputy Coroner Greene, of Lake County, would say. Sargent is being held in Kalamazoo, Mich. Neither man was injured. New York and Chicago theatrical men and officers of the Showmen's League sent representatives here to offer assist ance to the-injured and relatives of the dead. Plans were discussed pro viding for the purchase of" a lot in which all unidentified victims would be burled under a single monument. None of the $25,000 In cash reported by circus officers as being lost in the wreckage was recovered. The list of injured in hospitals was .reduced to 58 here and 20 In Hammond. Only three or four of these are expected to die. The gruesome task of trying to Iden tify charred corpses continued throughout the day with the influx of relatives of victims. Little progress was made. Pitiful scenes were enacted as wom en and men passed between rows of bodies retaining such identification marks as bracelets, lavalllers and sig net rings. Circus folk, swathed in bandages and many on crutches, haunted the morgue in search of rela tives, and many collapsed when the bodies they sought werefound. An attempt to remove Fireman Gustave Klauss from Michigan City to Ham mond met with failure. Acting Coro ner Henry C. Greene set a deputy to summon Klauss, but the man returned to report that Klauss had gone to Kal amazoo, Mich., where Engineer Sar gent is awaiting summons to the Inquest ULTIMATE DEFEAT OF THE GERMANS SUCCESS IS MADE POSSIBLE BY ARRIVAL OF AMERICANS, ' PREMIER DECLARES. Allies Ready to Meet New Hun Offen. Ive, He Tells Commons, Amid Tu mult of Cheers Entente Soon Will Be Stronger Than Foe. Western Newspaper Union News Service. London. The ultimate defeat of Germany is now seen by-the Allied Powers. This flat and transcendental ly important statement was made by Premier, Lloyd George in the House of Commons. He told his auditors that the scales were being turned fast by the rapidly arriving American army. "We are on the eve of a great event," the British statesman de clared, and the benches of the cham ber were transformed into a wild dem onstration. "There might be a blow coming within a few hours," the Pre mier declared in predicting the im portant events he was visualizing for Parliament. "Certainly," he added, "it will come within a few days. "The allies never felt better pre pared," he added, and another tumult of cheers greeted the statement. "The number of Americans who have come since March is sufficient to satisfy the allies and ultimately defeat Germany," Mr. Lloyd George then flatly declared. He added: "The next two months will be anxious months, but the allies are improving and confident regarding the relative strength, which now is nearly equal. The Americans are coming and shortly it is possible the allies will be stronger than Germany. The enemy has no reserves to call upon for an other offensive except through a dras tic combing out of his essential indus tries. He already is doing this." Reference to Italy's overwhelming defeat of the Austrian army on. the Piave drew further cheers from the House. The Austrian Empire, the Pre mier stated, had put her whole strength into the abortive blow toward the Venetian plains, and her armies are now in full retreat. There Is no question, the Premier added, as to which way the enemy must retreat, but the question is whether he Is able to retreat. The Premier sketched the state of conditions in Russia, which, countryhe said, is awakening to the, need of taking part In the final over throw of the Central Powers. Any move against the Germans on the East, the Premier reminded the members of the House, must necessarily meet with difficulty. There is only one ac-. cess, he said, and the power which has the access to Russia is Japan. British Troop Ship Sunk. Washington. German submarines operating on this side 'of the Atlantic Ocean have sunk their first troop ship". The Navy Department announced that a British transport, under charter by the American Government and bound to this country, had been destroyed on June 18 some 700 miles east of the Delaware Capes and that 67 members of the crew are missing. No troops were aboard. The troopship apparent ly was not under convoy.. The sub marine was not seen until a torpedo had struck the ship. Afterward the submarine rose to the surface and fired 19 shots into the sinking vesseL Japan Controls Output of Iron Mines. Shanghai," China. An agreement vir tually has been concluded between the Chinese and Japanese Governments, It has been learned by the North China, News, under which the iron mines at Feng Huan Shan will be worked by the Chinese Government and steel will be manufactured by the Chinese and Japanese. It is said that the Japanese will provide 20,000,000 yen to defray the expense of carrying out the work. This means, it is said, that the Japa nese virtually will acquire control of the entire output of the mine. Kaiser Soldiers Are Tired of War. Copenhagen. The German soldiers generally are tired of the war, but the patience of the people as a whole, espe daily the middle classes, Is marvelous In view of the prevalent unfavorable conditions, said Dr. G. F. N. NIcolal. former professor of physiology at the University of Berlin, when question ed regarding conditions In Germany. Prof. NIcolai was one of the men who escaped from Germany last week In airplanes, landing In Denmark. Arbitration Pact Extended. Washington. The Senate ratified a treaty extending for two years the gen eral arbitration agreement between the United States and Great Britaia. Steel Vessel Launched. New York The Galesburg, a steel cargo vessel of 7,500 gross tons, was launched at the yards of the Standard Shipbuilding Corporation. V.. !