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By JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN. .
ItOF. J. F. ROCK las re turned to Washington from Slam with speci mens and seeds of the tree, Taraktogenos kur zii, which the world has . hailed literally- as the Tree of Life for the leper. Is ciiaulmoogra-oll, de rived from the. seeds of this Siamese jungle tree, a cure for leprosy? It is too soon to say, since there is no test on which a positive utterance in the affirmative can be given. But this much has been shown conclusively : Chaulmoogra oil contains one or more agents which exert a marked therapeutic action in many cases of leprosy. There have been many ap parent cures. Are they real and per manent? That remains to tbe seen. But It Is evident that modern medi cine now has an agent at its dis posal which gives promise for the control of the dreaded disease. Professor Rock, formerly of the Uni versity of Hawaii, made the trip to the Siamese jungles for the United States Department of Agriculture. It Is purposed to provide a permanent supply of the oil for the treatment of leprosy. Professor Rock's seeds and young trees have been distributed among various experiment stations, notably in Florida, Maryland and Cal ifornia. Professor Rock says that with one exception he is, so far as is known, the first white man to penetrate the region of Siara where he obtained the specimens. Of the other white man nothing seems to be known except that he Is an amateur botanist named Kerr. The Siamese, however, visit the jungles where grow the taraktog enos trees once every three years to secure the seeds for chaulmoogra oil. It Is a wild country, full of dangerou3 animals. The natives have known of the beneficial properties of the oil In leprosy for hundreds of years, but handle the oil In such a crude way that they do not get Its full effect. "Unclean !" is the pitiful cry of tbe leper that has been heard in all parts of the world since biblical times. The dread disease gets Its name from the Greek word "lepros," which means "scaly." It is. caused by the bacillus Leprae. It has always been believed contagious and until recent years in curable. It has been considered o particularly dread disease because of the terrible disfigurements it causes. Probably the origin and home of leprosy Is the Far East, but at one time It was Widespread in Europe. It is still found In quantity in France, Russia, Norway, Turkey and Portugal. It is estimated that there are 1,500 lepers in the United States, most of whom are undetected and therefore unsegregated. It is only the other day that the wife of a well-known officer of the United States army was found to "be suffering from a mild form of leprosy and was sent for treatment to the government lepro sorlum In Louisiana. Recently the British government requisitioned the United States for chaulmoogra oil for the treatment of several hundred suf ferers on the Island of Trinidad. Portugal probably possesses the greatest number of lepers of any Eu ropean country. Foreigners are shocked by the sight of disfigured lep ers of both sexes begging in the streets and selling toys and sweets. But Portugal seldom gets excited over her lepers. About once a generation somebody insists that something ought to be done for them or with them. If leprosy can be cured or con trolled, -the result is due to work done by the United States public health service. This work has been going on for the last fifteen years, princi pally in the Kalihl hospital, Hawaii. The Kalaupapa leper colony Is situ ated ou a promontory of the island of 7& t::1., .',t:.l . " - .. .in-- - I " " II kit iWHWUMWI T v -vjpf s 5 i'rjz. &?m$m Molokal, connected with the main por tion of the island only by a single pass through precipitous cliffs. Life there is anything but what might be expected. Patients observe all public holidays, their Fourth of July cele brations are jubilant, and they have orchestras and bands, movies and am ateur theatricals. Sixty-five per cent of the patients at the Kalaupapa leper settlement will be discharged" on parole ' within two years, in the opinion of Dr. W. J. Goodhue, for nineteen years resident physician there. This, estimate is based on results already obtained with the chaulmoogra oil, prepared in the laboratories of the University of Hawaii. From recent joint report by Dr. J. T. McDonald of the leprosy inves tigation station in Hawaii and Dr. A. L. Dean, president of the Universi ty of Hawaii, the following concise conclusions may be drawn as to what the experimentation by the United States public health service in the treatment of leprosy has shown : . The intramuscular injection of the ethyl esters of - the fatty acids of chaulmoogra oil usually leads to a rap id Improvement in the clinical symp toms of leprosy. In many cases the lesions disappear, except for scars and permanent injuries, and the leprosy bacillus can no longer- be demon strated. It has been-sufficiently established that chaulmoogra oil contains one or more agents which exert a. marked therapeutic action in many cases of leprosy. It cannot be said yet that the disease Is cured, since there is no test adequate to establish such a verdict. Whether or not the apparent cures are real and permanent, it Is evident that there Is a valuable agent for the control of the disease. The chaulmoogra oil treatment has been for the last fifteen years the subject of. experimentation by the Uni ted States public health service; What has thus far been accomplished has justified the high expectation of Sur geon General Hugh S. Cumming of the public health service and his corps of assistants. Prominent among those having an active hand In the experi ments are Dr. J. W Schereschewsky, the assistant surgeon general; Dr. George W. MCoy, the director of the hygiene laboratory; Dr. J. T. McDon ald of the leprosy investigation sta tion in Hawaii, and "Dr. A. L. Dean, president of the University of Hawaii In Honolulu. "Since 1905 the service has main tained a leprosy Investigation station in the Hawaiian islands, which ha conducted intensive studies in the dis ease," said Dr. Schereschewsky. In the course of this work the action of chaulmoogra oil in the treatment of leprosy has been very closely studied. Chaulmoogra oil, which Is an oil from the seeds of an oriental tree 1'iaraK- togenos kurzii) has been reputed for a good many years to have a Denenciai action in leprosy. "The difficulty An its use, however, inv in tl.e fact that when given by mouth it was nauseating and offensive to the stomach and when injected in tramuscularly was extremely painful and 'very slowly absorbed. Various modifications of chaulmoogra oil were studied bv the nubile health service, among them a mixture suggested by Dr. Helser of the service containing chaulmoogra oil, camphorated oil and resorcin ; later olive oil was added and guaiacol was substituted for the re sorcin. Results obtained by the latter mixture were so favorable that Pro fessor Dean, president and professor of chemistry in the University of Hawaii, was led to the belief that chaulmoogra oil might contain cer tain active principles which could be isolated and might be administered with more favorable results. "The work of Dr. Power of the Welcome research laboratory on the constitution of chaulmoogra oil and its congeners gave some hope of this, for they showed 'that in this oil there was a new series of fatty acids (chaul moogrlc acid and hydnocarplc acid) which differed from other known fatty acids by having the property of rotat ing a beam of polarized light. 'These acids, however, are solids and hence unsulted to hypodermic ad ministration. As a result of -a-series of experiments, Professor Dean deter mined that the ethyl esters of these acids are thin fluid oils which lend themselves readily to intramuscular injectipn and are readily absorbed. These ethyl ester derivatives of chaul moogra oil have now been in use at the, United States public health ser vice leprosy investigation station at Kallhi in the Hawaiian "islands for some three years and the results have been very encouraging. During that period some 140 lepers have been paroled and returned to their fami lies, the disease-apparently arrested. "The effect of this treatment has been so encouraging that now many persons afflicted with leprosy have voluntarily presented themselves for treatment to the public health service in Hawaii, whereas In past years, since the laws of the territorial board of health provided for the segregation of lepers, all persons who were suffer ing with the disease endeavored to hide from the authorities in order that they might not be separated from their families." Besides the Investigation station at Kalihl, the public health service also operates a national leprosarium at Carville, La., which at present houses some 112 lepers. The accommodations are being Increased so as to provide for 75 additional beds. The treatment with chaulmoogra oil derivatives hat been begun at this institution IMPROVED UNIFORM INTERNATIONAI dundavichool T 1 OQAtl (By REV. P. B. FITZWATER, V- v., - Teacher of English' Bible In the Moody Bible Institute of Chicago.) (, 1921, Western Newspaper Union.) LESSON FOR SEPTEMBER 11 PAUL IN ATHENS. LESSON TEXT Acts 17:16-34. V J30LDEN TEXT In him we live, arid move, and have our being. Acts 17:28..' REFERENCE MATERIA! Luke 4:16 . - PRIMARY TOPIC Paul Telling the People about God. JTTlMTfYR aDPir!Paiil In Athens. INTERMEDIATE AND SENIOR TOPIC In a Famous Greek City. JTOUNG PEOPLE Aj$U AUUL.T Turiu Paul In a Center of Learning. Being Driven from Berea, Paul D'lea 10 Ainena. I. The Idolatry of the Athenians (v. 16). Athens was the intellectual metrop olis of the world at .that time, the home of the world's great eloquence and philosophy: Paul's spirit was stirred within him when he saw. the city wholly given to Idolatry. II. The Parties Concerned (vv. 17- 21). ' True to his usual custom Paul went into the Jewish synagogue and entered into earnest argument with '.the-Jews. From them he turned to such as were found In the market place. Here he came Into touch with the Epicurean and Stoic philosophers. The former were atheistic materialists. They de nied the doctrine of Creation. They cave themselves up to sensual in dulgences since they had no Idea of future judgment. The latter were pantheists. When they heard the jpreaciiing of Paul they desired to know what new doctrine he preacnea, so they Jntited him to the Areopagus where he might speak to them of his new doctrine. They . inquired as to ht this "babbler" might say. The word "babbler" means literally "seed- picker." ' III. Paul's Address on Mars' him (vv. 23-31). . 1. The Introduction (vv. 22, 23). He did not accuse them of "superstition" as the A. V. would make it, but as in the Am. R. V. he Introduces his dis course in a courteous -and conciliatory manner, stating that he perceived that they wee very religious. This he ex plained by stating that as he was vfew Ine their city he beheld an altar with nn inscrlntlon "To the Unknown God." Thta wnft his nolnt of contact. He nroceeds at once to connect It with the idea of the living God, Implying that this altar had been erected to Illm. He was too wise to begin at once to denounce heathenism and 'dolatry. 2. The body of his discourse (w. 24-31).- (1) A declaration concerning God (vv. 24, 25). (a) He created the material universe (v. 24). This was a direct blow at the philosophy of both the Enlcureans and the Stoics. He did not attempt to prove the existence of Gnd: it needs no nroof. The Bible everywhere assumes the existence of a divine being, (b) His spirituality and Immensity (vv. 24, 25). He Is not served with "men's hands as though he needed anything," neither Is He confined by any sort of religious temple. Being essentially spiritual He demands heart-service, and being transcendent above all He Is not con fined to earthly temples, (c) His ac tive nrovldence (v. 25). He gives ex lstence, bestows needed gifts, and as sovereign directs all things. (2) Declaration concerning man (vv. 2R-31). faY His common origta (v. 26). this was a blow at the foolish Athen lan pride which supposed that they were superior tq all other people." This oronosition he proved from their own literature (see v. 28). 'If men are the offspring of God and bear His like ness it is utter folly to make images as the senseless idols were, (b) Na tlons have their place by the sov erelgn purpose of God (v. 26). The nosltion and mission of each nation la of God's appointment, (c) Men should seek God (v. 26). His goodness and grace in supplying all our needs, and ordering even the affairs of the na tlons should move man to see and seek God, for He is Indeed very near to every one; so near that our existence and movements are all under His con trol (v. 27). (d) Pressing obligation to renent (w. 30. 31). This was hla supreme message. Though "God had formerly passed ovtt idolatry , He now calls to all men to repent. The solemn reason" for such action is the coming day of judgment, the credential of which Is the resurrection or Jesus Christ from the dead." The judgment of God of an. unbelieving world Is as sure as this fact Men will be Judged on the basis of their attitude toward Jesus Christ. IV. Result of Paul's Preachinn (tv. 82-34). - . 1. Some mocked (T.-32). " 2. Some procrastinated (v. 32). S. Some believed (v. 34). i MERCHANT TELLS OF - - -A REMARKABLE CASE Writing-from Maxey's, Ga A. J. Glllen, proprietor of , a large depart- " ment rtore at that place, says: "I have a customer here who was in , bed for three years and did not- go to a meal at any time. She had five phy sicians and they gave her out. une bottle of Tanlac " got her up, , on the second bottle she commenced keeping' house and on the jhlrd she -did all. the".. cooking and housework for a iamuy of eight.".' ' '',lv i This sounds really Incredible, but It comes unsolicited from a highly cred itable source and Is copied verbatim from the letter. Tanlac is sold by leading druggists everywhere. Advertisement. s Something Cacking An Irate fan. who had Watched the- home team go down to defeat stopped . the umpire as he was leaving tne park. . s "Where's your dog?" he damanaea. Dog?" ejaculated his umps. "Ir have no dog." . "Well, vou're the first blind man 1 ever saw who didn't hove a dog," re turned the disgruntled one. American Legion Weekly. ASPIRIN Name "Bayer" on Genuine Take Aspirin' only as told in each package of genuine Bayer Tablets of Aspirin. Then you will be following the directions and dosage worked out bv Dhvslcians during 21 years, and proved safe by millions. Take no chances with substitutes: If you see the Bayer Cross on tablets, yon can olro thpm wrlrhmir fear for ColdS.' Headache, Neuralgia, Rheumatism, Earache, Toothache, . Lumbago , and for Pain. Handy tin boxes of twelve tablets cost few cents. Druggists also sell larger packages. Aspirin is . the trade mark of, Bayer Manufacture o - Hfnrmnreriractdester of SallCVliCaCid. Advertisement : . . - . . . "r "' ' . ' Might Have1 Been Both. "This is a very sad moment," de clared the duke of Devonshire, the retiring governor general, at a fare well luncheon at Ottawa. And now curious persons are asking if he re ferred to his departure or to the,fact that he had first signed an order in council making Ontario -dry ,on July 18. Kingston (Ont.) Whip. Thousands Have Kidney , Trouble and Never Suspect It Applicants for Insurance Often' Rejected. " . " Judging from reports from druggists who are constantly in direct touch with the public, there is one preparation that has been very successful in overcoming these conditions. - The mild and healing influence of Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root is soon realized. It stands the highest for its remarkable record of success. An examining physician for one of the prominent Life Insurance Companies, in an interview on the subject, made the as tonishing statement that one reason why so many applicants for insurance are re jected is because kidney trouble is so common to the American people, and the large majority of those whose . applica tions ar$ declined do not even' suspect that they nave tne disease. Dr. Kilmer's Swamp Root is on sale at all drug stores in bottles of two sizes, medium and large. However, if you wish first to test this great preparation send ten cents to Dr. Kilmer & Co.-, Bingham ton, N. Y., for a Bample bottle. When writing be sure and mention this paper. -Advertisement : Electric Fan in Your Car. ... The Scientific American describes an electric fan for use In limousines. It can be attached, to. any part of the tonneau- and turned to give a'ir j In every , direction. . . CATARRHAL DEAFNESS Is greatly relieved by constitutional treat- -ment HALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE! Is a constitutional ' remedy. - Catarrhal Deafnees Is. caused by an inflamed con-t dition of the mucous lining of the Eusta chian Tube. When this tube is Inflamed you have a rumbling sound or Imperfect, hearing, and when it is entirely closed. , ;Deafnes Is the result Unless the In flammation can be reduced, your hearing may be destroyed forever. - HALL S CATARRH MEDICINE acts through the blood on the mucous surfaces of the sys- . s i A.1 IAnMVnlni ortrl assisting Nature in restoring normal con ditions. ' - Circulars free. An Druggists. - . F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo. Ohio. Ad vertisement - - . Purposely So. : . "This street Is jpoorly .lighted." -"It's Lover's lane.M LouI?ville Courier-Journal, -l- V -