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RIVER OF RUIN.
The Flood Hangs Like a Heavy Pall on the Fertile Valleys of the Ohio. Sufferings of tlie Homeless and Destitute at Portsmouth, Pomeroy and Other Points—Generous Aid For the Victims. SEVENTY FEET FOX'R 1"XCHE8. CINCINNATI. Feb. 14.—Rain by fits and starts last night, rain by spells all day, many clouds overhanging, and over seventy feet four inches of water in a river where fifty marks the danger line, show something of the condition of things. General llazen promised a heavy fall in the tempera ture to-day, but it has not come yet. The liver rose seventeen inches in the last twenty-four hours. That moans more destruction than yester day, move people homeless, more demands for charity, a longer period of darkness and without water, with little coal to be had, few mails, little traveling, 110 freight mov ing to and from a great trade center, 110 business, higher prices in provi sions, not much of anything but wet ness and a great deal too much of that, with a great waste of yellow, rush ing waters environing the city, and the con sciousness that besides our own thousands of houseless people and our own discom forts and suffering, it will be wtihin a few hours repeated nianyfold on scores of smaller towns below us. Cincinnati is big and rich and generous. She will care for her own people, and do it well, but even her big hands will be full with home-work. The calls for aid and their generous responses all over the country are not too many. There is enough and for all the charity and good will of the whole people to do along this great valley. In places where as yet little or nothing is known of the sitr uation the cries of thousands for help will reach only the ear of Infinite Mercy before it does that of the American people. They may prepare now for what is sure to come. The water now is on Pearl street, the heaviest retail street in the city—running like a mill-race along this mart of trade— four squares back from the Suspension Bridge. The Signal Service flag denoting coming fold weather floats to-day for the third time since the flood began. Hitherto its presence was welcomed, now it brings the worst apprehensions. Cold weather now could have 110 substantial effect on the wa ter disaster. That has about done its worst, but with cold weather the suffer ing of imprisoned people in all towns and cities along the Ohio will be terrible for lack of fuel. Few realize the difficulty of getting supplies delivered. There are no landings for steamers, and the damage done to buildings by the waves caused by passing steamers has been so great as to cause the occupants of flooded houses to lire on steamers bringing them relief. Relief steamers to be of real service has to be equippedwith life-sav ing crews and boats, it can readily be seen how slow would be the work of carrying any considerable quantity of fuel in such places as Lawrenceburg, Ind., New Rich mond, O., that are entirely submerged and surrounded with water. No relief boat yet sent out from here. General Beck witli, of St. Louis, is expected here this evening to take charge of the work of relief tinder the direction of the Secretary of War. He will charter relief boats, and four United States officers have been ordered here from Columbus to take charge of dif ferent steamers. Nothing has been done on 'Change except receive subscriptions. FLEIL TO TI1E HILL TOrS. POMEUOT, O., Feb. 13.—roineroy looks indeed fearful, with the water eleven feet deep 011 Second Street. The people living on Front Street all had to move. Those liv ing in low two-story houses on Second Street, also along Monkey Run, consisting of small dwellings are all flooded with water. Thousands have fled to the hill tops. The water is nine feet eleven inches higher than last year. Of the salt works, of which we have thirteen, rolling mills and other factories, only the chimneys are to be seen. One-half of our merchants have lost about everything they had. Two old residents, Conrad Steif and Nic Router, lost their stores and dwellings and only saved what they were wearing at the time of the sweep. The current is very strong, therefore no exact number of houses floated away can be given, but think it will number twenty-five. Many thanks to our neighbor ing city, Gallipolis, where we obtained three steamboats loaded with provisions. Where ever a bakeoven is found bread is baked for the poor. Without any floods our city has some two hundred poor, and now the condition is pitiful. "We have had four floods in live years, but never ap pealed to the outside world for assistance, but we are compelled to do it now. There has been 110 mail nor telegraph communi cations since Wednesday last. Our relief committee supplies the needy ones in our bend, a distance ol' ten miles. At Ravenswood, W. Va., thirty-four houses are said to have floated away" No lives have been lost at Pomeroy yet. The river commenced falling to-day, and fell about two feet, llnndreds of skiffs are at work bringing furniture back to such houses as are lit to be occupied. Pomeroy's loss will be half a million. Our first- mail was received to-day. PORTSMOUTH ix r.nxs. POP.TSMOUTH, O., Fob. 14.—The entire city is under water, three-fourths of it to the house-tops. All of the merchants lose heavily from inundated stock. One-half of our citizens lose all their houseltold goods. The river commenced fall ing slowly last night and has dropped two inches, and our people are breathing free again. Happily supplies are coming in from the surrounding country and abroad, and a famine is being averted. The relief boat has to-day gone to Slocum's station, 011 the branch of tiie Cincinnati, Washington & Baltimore Railroad to obtain several car-loads of supplies and camp equipages sent from Columbus. The court house, school buildings and many of the churches that have second stories are shelt ering one-half the people. The balance are scattered around in attics and in the upper part of tall factories. The horses and cat tle have all been rescued and are stabled on huge deck barges that are moored in the streets in the centre of the city. One hundred and twenty dwelling houses have been carried out into the river. Over 500 more have been swept from their sites and piled in an indescribable wreck against obstructions. It is estimated that there are provisions enough 011 hand to last forty-eight hours. A telegraph wire will be stretched to-day, which will give us communication with the outside world. We have had no mails since Friday. Since the great lire of last Sunday 110 casualties have occurred. Mayor McFarland, City Marshal, Marshal Lewis and Dr. Davidson, chairman of the relief committee, have organized the city completely for the work of relief, and our people are being fed like a vast army. In the live Sunday Spry's (not Shay's) block. Green's feed store and the Arcade bunicd. A hundred sacks of mail also burned. The telepnone exchange was de stroyed. FIFTEEN nrxnw-.n PERSONS DESTITUTE. MARIETTA, O., Feb. 13.—The Ohio Val ley from Wheeling to Parkersburg presents a sorry picture of desolation and woe. The spectacle makes the beholder sick at heart. Your correspondent has just made a trip iu a small river boat between the two cities named. Everywhere the situation is much the same. Wheeling Island was wholly submerged. New Martinsville is in a deplorable con dition. The people fled to the hill and mounted a cannon which was loaded and tired into every steamer that passed. Several pilots and a dozen or more harmless passengers were seriously wounded. The citizens claim that the waves of the boat topple the houses from their foundations. Cocliransville is demolished. Three houses alone remain to show where the pretty lit tle town stood. The people, hungry and weary, are on the hill tops. Marietta has passed through the worst of the flood. The falling water has left the city in a distressing plight. Bridges, fences, barns and houses arc piled up 011 the streets. Hundreds of people are looking for their homes and finding nothing but foundations. Fifteen hundred people call on the relief committee each day, for food supplies are low. The Secre tary of War iias instructed the Mayor to draw 011 him for $2,000. That will answer for the present. The loss of property in the county is very large. It is estimated at ¥2,000,000. The Ohio River Railroad, just completed between Wheeling and Parkersburg, W. Va., is wrecked by the flood. Long sec tions of trestling are washed out and lodged 011 the Ohio shore. Cars have drifted up every hollow. Heavy land-slides have buried great stretches of the road in places. Three engines are in the water at Parkers burg. The road was built by Senator Canulen and a syndicate of Standard Oil men. A steamer loaded with provisions from Parkersburg has just arrived. The people of that city have been very liberal, and their kindness is heartily appreciated by our less fortunate city. FEARS FOR LAWRENCEBURG. CINCINNATI, Feb. 14.—The A suspense over the failure to hear definite news from Lawrenceburg. Ind., grows painful, but it is tempered by the belief that if serious disaster involving loss of life liad occurred, some means would have been found to get word from Lawrenceburg, to Aurora, where is the nearest telegraph office. The Times Star" Aurora, Ind., special says: At ten a. m. 110 news had been received from Law renceburg. Many Rouses were seen float ing down this morning, and anxiety was great. The water is now rising an inch an hour, and more dwelings are toppling over. INCREASED DAMAGE AT LOUISVILLE. LOUISVILLE,Feb.14.—The river is rising an inch per hour, and is now forty-three feet ten inches in the canal, within eight inches of the highest water mark of 1883. A heavy wind has been blowing for the past twelve hours, the waves doing con siderable damage to property. The Belle of Shreveport, from New Orleans, ran into a pier of the bridge this morning and was damaged §1,000 and will lay up for repairs. A boy named Gallway was drowned by the overturning of a skiff. There is little suffering here, but news from Jeffersonville is of the most deplorable character, and of a population of 11,000 about half have been compelled to leave their homes and seek higher grounds. Four-fifths of the city is inundated, and the people are suffering and begging contributions of food. The Ken tucky River is falling at the headwaters, but still rising at Frankfort an inch per hour. FARMS COVERED WITH THIRTY FEET OF WATER. EVANSVILLE, Ind., Feb. 14.—The river continues to rise slowly but steadily, the gauge at ten a. m. marking forty-six feet two and one-tentli inches. Light rain all night and misting in the morning. Evans ville is still high and dry with several feet to spare. All the manufacturing establish ments are running without interruption. The river is still one foot seven and one-tenth inches lower than last year and it is the opinion of boatmen that it will rise two or three feet more. While Evansville will not suffer, the country round about is one vast sea of water. Many farms are covered with thirty feet of water. Only the tops of houses across the river in Kentucky are now visible. Although farmers are better pre pared than last year their losses are great. The work of removing corn from elevated cribs in the submerged regions still progresses but the harbor boats are unable to answer half the calls made upon them. Many families of farm ers have been removed here and others are being brought hourly. As yet 110 casual ties are known to have occurred. It was rumored last night that during the storm three skiffs containing thirteen men were swamped in front of the city, but the report could not be traced to a reliable source, and it is believed to be sensational. The police reported that they were unable 0 learn of any persons missing. WATER'S WOEFUL WORK. A Trip Up tlio Ohio From Cincinnati to Pittsburgh—Whole Villages Submerged anil Many Houses Flouting AWIIV—The Highest Water E\-er Known in that Valley. PITTSBURGH, Feb. 13.—This afternoon about three p. 111.'a thin line of smoke arose from the river below, floated in the first sunlight of many a long, weariseme day, and then nestled in the hills of La Belie Rivere. All eyes were turned upon the distant harbinger of the liver's life, and in a few moments more the broad prow of the Katie Stockdale shot under the Point bridge and the beat of her broad paddles sounded a "Welcome all" to the listening ears. A few moments after she ran her round nose against the wharfboat at the foot of Wood Street, and rounded off a pe riod in history—the first boat to reach Pitts burgh upon the great flood of 1S84. The Stockdale was the first bout up frotfl below this year, as she was also the last one down. She left here 011 the 31st of Decem ber, the last day of 1SS3, for the distant Porkopolis, going down 011 a flood and coin ing back on a deliige. After reaching Cin cinnati she tied up at the levee with the in tention of awaiting the river's usual spring rise. On Wednesday of last week, when the river was fifty-five feet at Cincinnati, Captain Calhoun determined to make the TRIP UP THE FLOOD. There was a crowd of people willing and anxious to make the experiment as passen gers on a trip up the river. They were from numerous upper points, and had been caught in the flood and imprisoned in Cincinnati by it without means of leaving for their homes—homes that nunibqrs of them never saw again, for before they reached them their homes were well on their way to the Gulf of Mexico. The Katie Stockdale is one of the pret tiest of Western steamboats, and is swift and staunoli. A crowd of exiles filled her long cabins, and, with cheers from the crowd 011 the one solitary spot of dry land 011 the Cincinnati levee, responsive cheers from those aboard and the cheerful notes of a grand piano in the ladies' cabin, the boat "tied IOOSR" and started 011 her VOYAOE OF ADVENTURE. The boat left the levee at nine p. m. Wednesday night, a thick bank of grey fog being on the flood, which at times market fifty seven feet and obsoured all objects on the river. Of other cratt there were none stirring, and nothing but the crushing mass of ice, that went tearing by in mklwaters, broke upon the stHIness. With a big head of steam the vessel plowed up the current, the thump of her paddles on the ice and drift returning shiver for shiver to the floes that struck upon and dividedat Iter b#w. Late in the evening the Ohio town of California was reached. It was about under water and from the second stories and house tops the people greeted the steamer with prolonged cries of welcome. A man camc from ainid the darkness in a skiff and re ceived the mail and papers, white the steamer slacked iter speed, that the "wash" of her waves might not further engulf the flooded settlement. It was a dark night out side, and the flood rolled along in solemn and oppressive stillness but within the hospitable cabin the passengers, having partaken of a substantial repast, danced anil sang to the music of the piano and forgot the raging river. At New Richmond a landing was made at the wharfboat about midnight. The TOWN WAS UNDER WATER and presented a scene of desolation desola ted. At Moscow, some twenty miles this side of Cincinnati, a heavy current and a vast quantity of drift and rubbish coming down on the new flood was encountered. The town was partially submerged, but numbers of passengers who resided in the vicinity got off to search their way home ward, or where their houses once stood, in skiffs. Daylight found the Stockdale in the vicinity of Maysville, on the Kentucky shore, sixty-five miles this side of Cincin nati. This thriving town was under water, and the sun lit up for the voyagers a pict ure pathetic, yet grand in its desolation. The Ohio Valley, as far as the eye could reach on either side, was one VAST FIELD OF 'WATER clean to the broken hills that hem It in. The forests that line its lowlands were sub merged to the branches of their trees, that bent and nodded in the current. Oft' in the unknown distance the roof of a submerged farm-house or the spire of a church stuck up like monuments to a past life out of the great, broad tide. Houses, barns, and some times whole conical hay and grain stacks came riding by. Human life there was none, save when the boat approached some hamlet or homestead on higher grounds, and from the second.-story windows or roofs, meu, women and children waved their arms and called for news. The great desire was for "news"—something about the waters. Were they going down? How was it below? What were the expectations? Every now and then skiffs shot forth, stemming the cur rent just ahead of the steamer's course, their occupants clamoring for papers, Manchester, O., was found but partially submerged, and its inhabitants were happy with the illusive hope that it would be' spared. Portsmouth was flooded and the river some three miles wide. Greenup, 145 miles tliis side of Cincinnati, was discovered but partly under water, as was also Iron ton, which was made in the gray of the evening. At midnight Cattlettsburg, the last town on the Kentucky shore, and lo cated at the mouth of the Big Sandy, was passed, but THERE WAS NO CATTLETTSBURG— nothing but one big, sweeping river. Huntington, in West Virginia, was reached about eight o'clock on Friday morn ing. It was not as yet greatly damaged by the flood and contained a number of peo ple, whose intention was to take the train to Charlestown, W. Va., and there find means of transportation. All hopes of a boat from below had been given up, aud when the Stockdale appeared they crowded upon her. At nine o'clook in the morning Gallipolis was reached. There the utmost excitement prevailed. The city was half submerged! and the citizens were wild with fright over the rumors that a big flood was on top of the present one and coming down to sweep the town. Camden was reached that night and found to be under water three and a half feet deeper than the great flood of last year. The salt and coal works were soaked out and women and children were huddled into such second stories as still stood out of the water. Saturday was a day of inci dents. Over 120 FLOATING HOUSES were passed. On some of them the brick chimneys were still standing. The houses, many of them large aud substantial farm buildings, would sink to their eaves, and so ride down upon the flood with their', roof's out of the water. On the flooded farms, where the waters had not yet reached the farm-house roofs, women and children wlyj flung their hands in the air and shrieked faintly at the boat were frequently met. It would not have answered to have taken the boat to them, for the swash would have carried them off, or floated their last refuge away. Their only hope was in skiffs, and a number of them, organized into R1VE11 RELIEF liOATS, were plying about, .attempting to rescue those who could not help themselves. Bridges Ironf tributary streams were seen caught in the heavy timber, and one mass of hair, straw, weeds, wood, lumber and household goods seemed to be gathered up in the net of the flooded forest. On one tree a baby's cradle was met with, some of its bedding still in it, and not far distant was the body of a cow wedged in between two branches. When the historic Blennerhassett Island was reached it was found to have entirely disappeared, and the steamer passed di rectly over it 011 its way to Belpre without a vestige of the old home of Aaron Burr's simple-minded victim being discovered. There were some six or eight houses on the Island previous to the. flood, but where they are now is hard to state. The town of r.ELPKE WAS ENTIRELY GONE, as were quite a number of other small set tlements along the river. Harry Cloin, a pilot on the Stockdale, resides at Belpre, but all he could discover of his house was a black line that marked the comb of its roof sticking out of the water. Spence Sandford. another river pilot residing in that icinity, had been telegraphed for by the boat at Cincinnati last Tuesday, but neither Sandford, his house, nor siirlit or news of him or his, could be discovered. At the foot of Vienna Island a relief committee from Marietta was picked up in a skiff. The gentlemen had started out to look up those who needed help, but getting in the jaws of the flood needed rescue themselves. There were NUMEROUS OTHER PICK-UPS on the trip, and one man was taken otf a float of logs, on which he had rashly ven tured to make investigations. Several of those taken aboard were merchants from small towns higher up to see if they could find trace of where their warehouses of merchandise might be lodged. Newport, Bull Creek, Wade and a score of other places have disappeared. At Cocli ransville, 140 miles below Pittsburgh, where formerly stood a pleasant little hamlet of forty-five houses, the roofs of only five were to be seen Sunday. The other forty were all piled up in a jumble in the pocket of a neighboring slough. At Martinsville, 128 miles from Pittsburgh, men came out on the bank and SHOT AT THE BOAT. The lady passengers screamed and fell to the floor in the greatest consternation. What the shooting was for the Captain of the'Stockdale could not surmise. The boat was shot at many times from both banks from Martinsville until it passed Wheeling. At several points men appeared with rifles simultaneously on both banks and blazed away. If, as has been suggested, they were afraid the waves of the boat would loosen the submerged houses from their foundation, they went about prevent ing it in a singular manner, for no sooner did the steamer find herself under lire than she put on all the steam she couid carry and got out of range as soon as possible. The fright caused to lady passengers by this fusilade from the banks was very great The Stockdale's chief clerk. Mr. C. Barrin ger, had a rifle-ball pass by his ear and glance otf on the smokestack while on the forward part of the boiler-deck. At the boat's approach to Wheeling there was A. BRISK FUSILADE. At Wheeling the shooters appeared bereft of all sense. They shot at the police pack ets and also at the packet that was deliver ing help and supplies. One shot struck the Dan Kane and came near hitting the pilot. Saturday afternoon sixty houses floating down stream were counted inside of five horn's this side ot Camden. Many houses are still standing in New Martinsville, and Proctor and Moundsville still have many tenantable. Sunday night the boat laid up at Moundsville, and Monday forenoon con tinued her trip to this city. SCENES ON THE P.IVEU are beyond the power of tongue to portray, and when the waters go down and reveal the full extent of the destruction the sight will be appalling. All eo^l tipples are more or less damaged, and many entirely swept away. Whole farms of previously great value will be found entirely stripped of fences, farm houses, haystacks and out buildings. Numerous railroad freight and passenger houses were met sailing down the flood, and stores, houses, store signs, crates, barrels, boxes and broken boats and scows fairly littered the river and battered the Katie Stockdale's stout sides on her historic trip. A TERRIBLE TORNADO. Passes Over Parts of Texas, Causing Great Damage to Property Stock and Railroads. WACO, Tex., Feb. 12.—A rain storm, pre vailing for several days, developed this morning into a perfect tornado. About two o'clock a strong southwest wind struck the city, increasing in violence till four o'clock, when a tornado of no little fury swept over the southern portion of the city, doing considerable damage to property. Dr. Burlespn's residence, occupied by ltev. O. C. Blunt and family, was thrown over, but the occupants escaped injury. The Horn place, 011 South First Street, and a residence on South Fourth Street, belong ing to W. H. Calfe, were also blown down. The music room at Waco Uni versity was blown off its brick founda tion, and two barns on South Fifth Street, and one 011 Webster Street were demolished. Many chimneys and flues, and a great number of fruit and shade trees, and a large amount of fencing were ruined. Train men say the storm extended from Taylor to Waco, and was quite severe at Rartlett and Ranger, blowing down houses at both places. Specials give the following details of the storm in North Texas: At Long View the heaviest rain of the winter occurred last night and to-day, greatly augmenting the already swollen streams. It is still raining and much damage was done to the stock in the bot soms. Trains are all ordered to be aban doned at this place to-night. There are heavy washouts on the International Rail way near Mineola and Sweetwater. There was a cold norther and sleet last night. Stock is suffering greatly. At Sherman it lias been wet for the past nine days, and fearful rain fell through the night. The Texas Pacific Railway is washed away about two miles west of town and all communication is cut off except by wire GALVESTON, Tex., Feb. 12.—The News' Texarkana special tays: A cyclone struck the eastern suburbs this morning. The main body was two hundred yards wide. It lasted ten minutes, doing great damage to houses and fences. A Wichita Falls special says: There have been very heavy rains for several days. The night before last four inches fell. This morning there was two inches of snow, and everything was covered with sleet. Sheep are suffering badly. At Kosse the heaviest rain storm occurred last night in ten years. One of Captain Duke's houses was upset and another was partially demolished. It is still pouring. At Houston there was a stiff gale this afternoon with heavy rain. The tin roof of Wright's photograph gallery was lifted over the. building into the center of Main street A number of fences were blown down. Engineers Arrested for Running Over Mexicans. LAREDO, Mex., Feb. 11.—The locomo tive engineers of the Mexican National Railway between Laredo and Saltillo, Mex ico, have organized as a body and will this week present to the company their resigna tions en masse, unless some protection is guaranteed them against arrest and indefi nite imprisonment in Mexico when in the discharge of their duty they inadvertently run over and kill a Mexican who careless ly goes upon the track. The determination was brought about by the case of unfortunate Engineer Gridner, who, several weeks ago, ran over and killed a Mexican walking across one of the rail road bridges near Saltillo, and who has ever since been incarcerated in jail in this city. The engineers say they are required to run on schedule time, and it often happens that it is not in the power of railway appliances to stop in time to prevent running over the dare-devils who get 011 the track immedi ately in front of the locomotive. Another Crisis at Hand. PITTSBURGH, Feb. 11.—There are indica tions that we are on the eve of another crisis in the iron trade. A prominent member of the Amalgamated Association says that since the 2d inst., when suggestions in re gard to a sliding scale of wages for next year were submitted to the various lodges by members, it has become apparent that there will be few, it' any, propositions for general changes. It looks as though the present scale would be reaffirmed and offered to the manufacturers as it is now. The question of wages of the mill engineers, which has been one of the points of contention for several years, will not be brought forward this time. It is understood that the manu facturers will make a decided stand against the adoption of the okl scale. The men will, it is reported, insist upon its adoption, and hence a strike appears to be inevitable. Frightful Accident at Etna, Pa. PITTSBURGH, Feb. 12.—This morning while William Douglass, employed at tlio Isabella Blast Furnace at Etna, Pa., waa taking the lining from the Whitewell stov« he missed his footing and fell from a scaffolding sixty feet from the ground and was killed instantly. A few minutes latel two other men working at the same plac were badly hurt by a falling wall. Thonmi Crawford was injured internally and will probably die. Ambrose lrosdricox waa burned about the head but will recover. Our Young Folks. "MUXZEE'S CHILLUN My muwser's almost trazy. Her chlllim is §0 had. An' my drate bid sjssor Daisy Does mate her drefful sad, 60 ee says. "And Daisy Is a norful dlrl: Her nice new frock sbe torcd, An' tause she bad her hair to curl Why she-why she just roared Yesterday. When bnbv cwyed, an' muzzer saidt •Go an' wrock yittle Clair, She put trams in his tradle spread, An' chew-dura in his hair Tozzur day. What you sint one time she did? Wliy'runned away from me, She went and runned away an hid. 1 didn't know where she be— Touldn't line her. Dess I'sc sometimes norful, too— Of tourso 1 is. 1 know But what's a yittle dirl to do When file don't wort or sew Tause she tai nt? She's dot to try te tross, too, When she's so small as me That's all the way she has to do When she's tired—don't you see? Tourse you do. When 1'sc woally dood and nice Thromrli all the drate Ion? day, rnpa tells me 'a pearl of price,' An' muzzer's dlad to say: 'She was dood." —Oood Char. iVAS IT A DEFEAT! Unclc Joe Barker was a modest man. He never boasted that lie had been a hero in more than one naval conflict but when lie visited liis sister Mary, she said her boy kept the air blue with can non-smoke. They mode him tell stories until at last he fancied they were think ing quite too much of glory, and too lit tle of principle. One night Ned said: Tell us one of the worst fights you ever had—the one that used you up most completely." "Well, when I was'seven teen years old" "You were not in the navy then?" put in Tom. In that year the battle was fought. I was at and up to that year 1 had been the best mathematician in my class, but at last I had a rival—How ard by name. He was a snobbish, con ceited fellow, clear-headed and cold hearted. I detested him from the first for if he ever gained the least advan tage over me, he would sneer and take on great airs. At the end of a year we were con tending for two prizes—one for the best composition on a given subject, one for mathematical proficiency. I was quite confident 1 should get the first, for Howard's essays were unequal, some times rather original, but lacking al ways in finish and delicacy. When, however, I came to hear his read, I could not doubt the result it was better than mine. There were exceedingly eflective points in it, ideas we wondereel at eoming from him, and of course he received the prize with many compli ments. "It was a week before the other prize was to be given, and our rivalry "became more earnest. This last was to be awarded after a new fashion that year. The mathematical class was to be thor oughly examined, and honor given to whom honor was due. Then those who sustained certain exceptional tests were to have four problems given them to solve in the presence of a committee. The one who worked correctly and did the four the quickest was to receive the prize. "A few days before the trial I found on the class-room lloor a slip of paper covered with figures, the statement of a puzzling problem. The Professor's text-book was often full of such papers, and I did not onCe think of its being one of the four tests. I put it in my pocket, and—such things being always fascinating to me—I studied over it until 1 mastered it. I must have spent in all an hour on it, doing it at my ease as pleasant practice. "About that time I was much dis gusted to hear a schoolmate hint that Howard's older brother, who was in a German university, very likely did the best work on Howard's essay for him. He said the day the subjcct was given him he wrote to Germany, aud he djd not begin his essay until a day after a bulky paper came to him from Ger many. 1 feared I had been cheated out of that prize, but there was no redress to equalize matters, I must gain the other. "The day came. There were at first five of us competing three soon were out, Howard and 1 were left. What was my surprise, then, to have given us the very problem I had found and already studied out! I said to myself, I will be fair. I will go about it as de liberately as if I were trying itv for the first time, and must not nialce a mis take. 1 glanced up. Howard was working well, confidently, but he had to think, to choose between methods, while my brain work had all been done before. I could show the whole prob lem finished in ten minutes and cxulain the why and tiie wherefore. Wlien I stopped and smiled, Howard knew the prize was mine. "The Professor requested him to go on, and lie finished it iu twenty minutes just twice as long as I had apparently been. Yet even in that time of silence and intense excitement, conscience kept whispering loudly: 'You know YOU really took an hour, and lie has not taken half that time.' 1 answered that then I had 110 motive for rapidity, or I could well enough have done it faster. In the ability to do it was the proper test, and I was able I had no help Conscience said: 'No the test is of the quickest thinker. Have you stood the test honestly?' 1-^1 Howard stand the essay test honestly?' I answered. -This, at the worst, only makes us square.' "The priy.es were to be presented pub licly that evening, but before I left the class-room I was warmly congratulated aU»\v 'u 0Ward disappear full of ra-re' Well, boys, I went to my room, and then came this battle I tell of. Th"e was no cannon-roar or streaming blood but 110 conflict since ever cost me the mental struggle that one did. ''A,T ,LAST ^"SCIENCE won the day, and I said 1 would go and tell the Professor the whole story. ??ll,Iost ^,c Prize, after alP" 41 es, Ned. "Howard got, and kept both9" 1 es "So year battle was a regular defeat, after all. How mean in him!" said Tom] "I am not sure of that there are do. feats, and defeats. Self and Satin de. feated means victory for truth and hon. or."—Forward. "Silver Bells and Cockle Shells.)* Mistress Mnry, quite contrary How docs your imrden grow? Silver bells and oockle shells All in a row." Most of us children, little and bi», have rccitcd this verse but com para! tively few know there is a meaning at. tached to the last two lines. At the time when this rhyme was made there were reallv "silver bells and cockle shells," ani in rows, too, though not growing in gardens. In those days—some hundreds 0f years ago—thefe were no coaches. Ladies traveled and visited on horse back sometimes riding on a saddle or pillion behind a gentleman or man servant, and sometimes managing their own horses, with the gentleman riding alongside, or the groom following be hind. The equipments or trappings of these horses were very rich and costly. Generally, the cloth which half covered them, and on which the lady rode, would be of finest woolen or silken material, handsomely embroidered. On grand occasions, or when the lady was very wealthy or noble, crimson velvet or cloth-of-gold would be used, edged with gold fringes and sprinkled Willi small pearls, called seed-pearls. The saddles aud bridles were even more richly decorated, beinj often set with, jewels or gold and silver ornaments, called "goldsmith's work."- One fash ion, very"popular in the times of Henry the Seventh and Henry the Eighth, of England, was to have the bridle studded with a row of tiny silver cockle shells, and its edge hung with^ little silver bells, which, with the motion of the horse, kept up a merry jingle. Bells were also fastened to the point of the stirrup, which was formed like the toe of a slioe. And this partly explains another old nursery rhyme, made, no doubt, about the same time: ltide a pray horse to Danbury Cross, To see a fine lady go 111 a white horse Kings on her fingers and he,Us on hert'KS, So sue shall have music wherever she goes." There is a very okl book preserved at Skipton Castle, in England, the account book of Henry Clifford, Earl of Cum berland. In this book, among a great many other entries, little and great, is one of the purchase by the Earl of "a saddle and bridle for my lady, em bossed of silver cockle shells, and hung with silver bells and on the samo page is another entry of a hawk for my lady, with silken iesses, and a silver bell for the same."' it was the custom for noble ladies to ride with a hawk perched upon their wrists and this Countess of Cumberland, who is said to have been beautiful and stately, must, have looked very grand when thus equipped.—SI. Nicholas. "Boston Intelligence," Send the brightest young woman of the company out of the room and close the door. Those remaining will select a word having the same number of letters as there are people to play the game. Supposing there are seven, and the word Century is chosen. The player nearest the door selects the name of a famous character, a roan or a woman well known to all present, whoso name begins with C. The second player will take the letter E, and so on to the last. Each to keep his own secret as to the name chosen. The banished player is now called in and the fun begins." She must try and find out thew&rd "Century" by getting at the initials of the characters chosen by the company. This is to be done by asking questions in turn to each of the players. No answers are allowed to be given but "Yes," "No," and "I don't know." We will suppose the first player to have chosen Carlyle. The questioner begins: "Is your character a man?" "Yes." "Living?" "So." "Did he die with in a few years?"' "Yes." "An Amer ican?" '"No." "A11 Englishman?"' "No." "A Scotchman?" "Yes."' "Was he a statesman?" "No." "A soldier?" "No." "One of the no bility?" "No." "An author?" "Yes." "Did he write poetry?" "No." "His tory?" "Yes." "Live in England?"' "Yes." "In London?" "Yes. "Was he ever in America?" "No." "Did he write a historv of the French Revo lution?" "Yes." "Carlyle?" "Yes." This determines the first letter, and the others will be found in]the same way. The game is made the more interest ing from the fact that all the players are guessing at once but those who remained in the room have the advan tage of the questioner in knowing the initial letter of each character. The writer played this game not long since where one of the company bothered the questioner not a little by selecting the. character of our first mother. Another chose Yorick, from Shakespeare's "Hamlet." The game might be simplified for the amusement and instruction of the younger members of the family bv sub stituting the names of flowers, trees, or animals for those of noted characters.— Christian Union. Some time ago Charles F. Dawlev, 1 nineteen years old, was visiting Mi** 1 i. ni'? ^on' seventeen years old, of iiook v/n, when an uncle of the °"ii'l ap peared in the parlor and insistedlhat lie I should then and there marry the girl I Jioth objected, as they had no tender regard for each other, but the uncle his hand in his pocket as if he wero about to draw a pistol. Dawley became frightened and consented to marry th0 g'r- I he parties never lived together, ana the girl's mother began proceed lugs for annulment of the marriage, "a!/C/c WaS grantud-~•Brooklyn (Ar. A- middle-aged lover near Helena. f1' presented his best srirl on her birthday with a gallon of buttermilk a 11 r°ll °f butter, accompanied by assurance that lie loved but her. Hie total income of the SalvatioP Army i«)r 1is reported at $1,500,COU. ne army i.s now publishing sixteen w'11 ca70 uitcx various countries.-- C'1*