Newspaper Page Text
—A Geneva organ-grinder has left a fortune of ."514,000 to his heirs. —There is an actress in Germany uaih Amanda IScitina Kreuswauger ixosalie Bakerman Zwinkehut. —A French woman who has been a widow for ninety-six years is still liv ing at Auberine. She claims to be 123 years old. —A Parisian dame recently gave a ball to her female l'riends, and asked each to bring a. living animal. All ex cept three brought their husbands. —The asphalt pavement iu the town of Reading. England, was recently raised ami broken by a large 'num t)er_of mushrooms growing underneath. —The Chilian newspapers announce the recent death of a certain Don .Jose Miguel Herrara at the age-of one hun dred and twenty-two years, and aver that his age is well-attested by official records. —Princess Delgorouky, widow of Alexander If., goes into the country for the summer and manages to make life quite endurable there bv taking a whole hotel instead of a room or two in It. It. is the Bel vedere at Lucerne. —The city of Bamberg is the first to practically app'y the law against the public disturbance of piano playing at untimely hours iti the case of a girl, who, greatly to the annoyance of the neighbors, practiced at au open win dow. The ccide prescribes a lino or adequate imprisonment. The munici pal court let* the fair culprit off with $1 vid costs. —The toial mu ter o: the House of Lords is MS. Of these live are mem bers of the royal family, who, in ac cordance with usual pract'ce, abstain from divisions on a political question. Of the remainder, 2S8 rank as Tories v.nd 218 are usna ly classed^as Liberals. But many nominal Libe als, like Lord l.radiiournu and LordDunraven, usual ly vote against the Government on party qu stions. —In Belgium the murderer is sen tenc.d to imprisonment for life, but may often be seen, according to the Vnrisf Tcmjts, '-going about unshackled •w working at some easy occupation jike toy-making." In lta'y he is se _ired to the wall of an almost dark cell l»y a chain live feet in length, which is voted to an iron ring around his ankc, and which does not aliow him to take more than one step in any di rec ion. -At the recent annual meeting of the English Co-operative Union the re port showed thai at the end of 1882 there were in Kng aud and Wales 1.053 bo ieties, including thirty-six which were pr ductive. he aggregate mem ber-hip was .r)7.",0!K) the sales nearly £:•}},and the net pr.'lit,sj£ 1,780, 000 tlv share capital near'y £7,000, 000. aud :lie loau £l,2S0,0wi). In Scot land there were 282 societies, with a m^inbership of 87,700: and in Ireland there were 11 societies. —It is not unlikely that the diamond field of Bi::g ra, New South Wales, will jtial in richness the f::m us Kimbcrly district of South Africa. At Bingera, wi:hin fee lest lew months, hundreds of diamonds have been discovered, and the size and number of the gems are said to increase with the depth of the diggin .s. A verv formidable ob-tacle to the development of the locality has be remov i! by the discovery of abundance of water for diamond wash ing and other purposes at no greater depth than fifty or sixty feet from the •surface. Benefits of Arctic Colonies. The experience of Lieutenant Groely in hi^h atitudes will undoubtedly ex pert an important inlluence upon future exploration. It demonstrates the su periority of a permanent laud station as a base of operations. The garrison of Fort Conger were exposed to all the hardships and perils of the Arctic cli mate, yet remained for two years in perfect health and unabated vigor. Their physical condition on the day when the post was abandoned afforded a remarkable contrast to that of the English crews which passed a single winter in the same quarter. There was neither scurvy, debility, nor any form of disease. The sledge work was performed without the exhausting strain which crippled all the parties sent out from the Alert and the Discov ery in the winter of 187o-'73, and the distancqs traverseu were much greater and the processes of exploration more thorough. What renders this result more remarkable is the fact that the Greely party had not been inured to the Arctic climate by previous experience. They were, however, comfortably es tablished oh shore in a house that'could be readily heated, and their diet and regimen were directed with painstak ing care. Their health and mental tone were excellent throughout, and they were able not only to conduct the scientific observations in orderly rou tine, but also to take long journeys over the ice, to make remarkable discoveries, and finally to retreat to Cape Sabine, where they had a right to expect suc cor. If there was a lamentable loss of life diving the third year, it was due to the nwglect of t:iose sent out to co-op erate with them. If there had been a second colony on the ground to convey them to winter quarters on Littleton Island, or if adequate supplies of pro visions and lire-wood had been landed in advance at Cape Sabine, the whole party would have survived the third wintering. The sacrifice of life involved in the final catastrophe is not, therefore, to be charged to the system of land stations a:id permanent colonies. That system worked admirably at Discovery Harbor, as ii did also at Point Barrow and the other stations in the international se ries. The little band of soldiers en camped at Fort Conger were in greater socuL'ity than the ill-1'ated Jcannctte crew and were able to accomplish work vastly more important in the interest of science. Their experience proves that if the labors of Arctic exnloration are ever to be renewed, hap-ha/ard voyages at the mercy of Polar currents aud the treacherous ice packs must be aban doned, and the sy.-tem of 'and stations with an accessible base of *u p!ies and tfixed lines of retreat must be adopted. During the last fifteen years man's powers of physical endurance have been Iroijueritly pitted against the terrors of ,tlji A.rc'J•: climate, and in only two in stances have there been fatal disasters, The Austnans returned iu safety ovel the ice from FranJosef Land the two Polaris parties were rescued, one of them after a protracted drift with the lloe the Nares Expedition, debilitated by scurvy due to an unscientific regi men, entered Plymouth harbor in tri umph the Rodgers crew in St. Law rence Bay, the Dutch colonists in th« Kara Sea. and Leigh Smith and tht* crew ef the Eira at Cape Flora lost their ships but survived the privations of the Arctic winter and the scientific observers who returned from twelve stations last year were in excellcnl health and spirits. The two instances which there have been catastrophes are the retreat from the Jeannette and the encampment at Cape Sabine and on caeh occasion disaster was caused by an absolute lack of food. If recent experience proves anything, it is the ability of man to endure extremes ol temperature and all the hardships and perils of life in the far North. Let him have food and fuel, and he can safely defy the mystic king whose potent speil has lured so many souls to the realm of eternal ice. Life in high latitudes offers few dan gers when there is a secure base of supplies and on this account the system of land stations is to be advocated as the only practicable mode of exploration. If the various nations co-operating in the recent schemc of meteorological observation were to combine in manning a scries of stations in a direct line a hundred miles apart and connecting with au ac cessible base of supplies, a close ap proach could be made to the Pole, and the limits of geographical knowledge could be greatly ex tended. The colonists, if comfort ably lodged adequately supplied with fuel and provisions, could keep the line of communications open and the northernmost station could send out sentinels far beyond Lockwood Island, which now marks the limit of explora tion. This suggestion may seem im practicable, but it can not be denied that permanent colonics ought to be es tablished in high latitudes for the bene fit of the whaling and sealing fieets. At "oint Barrow several ship-wrecked crews were rescued by Lieutenant Kay while he was engaged in the meteoro logical work of last year and it would be a philanthropic enterprise to have a permanent colony there. The British Government in liko manner would do well to establish a station at Cape York for the benefit of the Dundee fleet, and the Norwegian aud Dutch Governments similar colonies at the edge of the Kara Sea.—N. Y. Tribune. The Hock Island Arsenal. Much can be and ought to be said re specting Hock Island and its National armory and arsenal. Containing a thousand acres, this is the most beauti ful island of will the Mississippi River can boast, and lies between the two cities, Davenport and Ro-k Island. It was purchased from the Indians at the close of the Black Hawk war, in 1832. The island, to begin with, is a paradise for birds. No bird or squirrel here (ex cept the vicious little English sparrow) is ever allowed to be shot. There are, a cording to (J en oral D. W. Flagler, commandant of the post, over eighty varieties of birds, and the woods are full of them. Thousands of these were passed sitting nearly close together on the telegraph wires, all in a string, stretching out for half a mile or more. And how 1 wish all the little childrei of our country could, on such a charm ing morning as we saw them, see these squirrels and pheasants, the gorgeoiu orioles and all the rest, peeping forth so tamely and with such a human-like sympathy, as if never nor anywhere in this world had "war's rude alarms" been heard. And yet this lovely island, owned by the United States Govern ment, is devoted to this one thing, the manufacture of the murderous imple ments of war of every sort. Ten enor mous shops, designed to constitute the largest National armory and arsenal in the world, are in process of erection. The Government appropriates for the purpose about ¥200,000 a year. It is especially interesting to note the com bined grandeur and grace which belong to these stru "hires. And still General Flagler, who car ries the whole affair in his mind, as sures me that everything is being done with exact economy. Any new device or method by which labor may be saved aud cost lessened is to his mind what a fine strain of music or a noble picture would be to an artist. And his argument for the entire enterprise is a good one. It is wholly in the interest of peace, and to avoid the necessity of the horrible standing army system of other countries. It is not the pur pose to manufacture vast stores ol arms to be kept on hand. That would not do. It would not answer to equip an army with what may have been the best implements a year ago. The best then may be only second-best to-day. But these shops are to be kept in the best possible working order, and a sullicient corps of educated, trained ex perts secured and sustained, who, di recting any number of skilled work men, could,' on short notice, set every every foundry, every lathe and anvil, every tool in motion, obedient to the latest and moat highly per fected patterns, and so, as it were, Hash into being as demanded, the va ried equipments lor half a million men or more, fit for "the tower of David, buiided for an armory, whereon there hang a thousand bucklers, all shields of mighty men." The estimated ca pacity of this arsenal will be over two and one-half times that of all the ar senal, which we had during the late war. Thus the Rock I-Jand Arsenal is to be the natural complement to the West Point Academy. If, now, our National Government would only dis play something of the same noble sa gacity ami prudence, with a like blend ing of economy and liberality, in pro viding for the defenses of the country against the lawful invasion, generation after generation, by constantly-recruited millions of illiterates!—Hock jslund Cor. Chicago Inter-Ocean. —The Black Hills gold excitement long since cooled down to soberness, but there is newed interest in hai region on account of the discovery of of eesive deposi of tin ore there, richer than those of Cornwall, Eiijjland. —Cr, icago llera'd. Plain gros grain dress silks vere made to some extent before 1866, vhen the business was organized in Nev Jer sey, but the most rapid growth ii this line is since 1876. Brocaded silts and satins were attempted on a lar^e scale earlier than the plain gros griin. and were produced in several faetojies when that was confined to a few. Asiatic pongees were printed to some extent before 1870. The manufacture of hand kerchiefs was small until 1876, when it received a great impetus from the cen tennial exhibition, and increased very rapidly. The manufacture of silk la was begun in 1871. and the trimmings of all kinds is a very important branch of the industry, and was mainly devel oped between 1870 and 1880. Silk tapestry and goods' of like character are products of the last half dozen years, principally. isSSaiiiiSaee American Silks. In 1850 the total value of silks man ufactured in this country was $1,809,. 486 bv I860 it had increased to 86,607, 771 by 1870 to $12,210,0(32. During the decade from 1870 to 1880 a wonder ful increase was made, the total value of silks manufactured in 1880 being $-11,033,015, an increase of about 250 per cent. The State of New Jersey alone produced in 1880 goods to the value of £17,122,230, or almost fifty per cent, more than the total produc tion of the whole country in 1876. Meanwhile the importation of silk man ufactures, which amounted to 433,899,. 81'J in the calendar year 1871, fell off to Sl!),922,7-ll»ia 1877, but increased with the returning prosperity of the country to ¥33,30o, U)0 in 18-0. Various attemnts had been made to establish the manufacture of silks in this country in the first part of the cen tury, but "the manufacture of sewing silks in which machine twists is in cluded, is the only branch that could be callcd successful. Out of the total pro duction of *1,*(.)!•, 47U in 1850, the vajue of sewing silks was $ 1,202,120. This branch of industry is now wholly free from foreign competition, but is meet ing with the fiercest of domestic. The manufacture of spun silk, which nbw includes almost every kind of ilk goods, was begun in South Manchester, Conn., about twenty-eight or thirty years ago. The manufacture of rib bons began about 1861, and was mibh stimulated during the war of the rebel lion by the higTi price of gold which ohecke'd their importation. At the present time this country con sumes more silk goods than any single country in the world, aud, at the pres ent rapid increase it will soon consume as much as all Europe. This is account ed for by the fact that Americans, even the poorest, dress well, and the line which separates rich Europeans from their poorer countrymen in the matter of dress is almost lost sight of here. This rich dressing has caused tli great increase in the production of silks in this eotintry. The American demand is now so large and increasing so rap idly that it could not be supplied by European manufacturers, who can not compete with American manufacturers in the readiness to adapt themselves to the sudden changcs of fashion. Neither can the foreign manufacturer come into that close aud intimate rela tion with the merchant which the American manufacturer can. By work ing close to the demands of trade for the costly silk fabrics, the American manu^ facturer can save himself from loss, while the foreigner, not being able to follow the American demand so closely, can not do so. Thus it is in the most costly goods, where the greatest loss •would be suffered from overproduction, that the American manufacturer can best compete with the foreign. At the rate of increase of production since 1880, the value of the present year's produc tion will amount to about -^GO,000,000, an increase of nearly fifty per cent, since 1880. As very little raw silk is produced here the increase in the im portations of raw silk show partially the increase in the manufacture. The importations during the calendar years of J871 and 1883 were 3,084,057 and 3, 330,920 pounds respectively. In 1883 there was also imported 379,803 pounds of cocoons and 715,947 pounds of waste. The increase in 1883 was 250,000 pounds of reeled silk and 110,000 pounds of waste, and the total value for that year was about £14,000,000. The value of the importations for the six years of 187H, inclusive, averaged only about §5,500,000. The importa tions for 1878 were valued at So, 103,084, and for 1879 at ¥8,371,025, [the im portations for 1883 thus being greater than for the two years 1878 and 1879. The increase of American production may also be seen by the falling off in the importation of foreign silk manu factures, wh'ch reached its limit in the fiscal year 1881-83, at 838,985,567, and fell to 836,764,296 in 1882-83. The im portation for the calendar year 1882 was S41,415,984, and for the calendar year 1883 $35,101,915, a decline of $6,314, 03:1, and the figures for this year so far also shows a decline. The United States is now the second silk manufacturing country in the world, France being first and Germany third, and promises to soon bo the (irst, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts and Pennsylvania are, as yet, the only States in which the in dustry is of much importance. Accord ing to the census report of 1880 there were 382 establishments engaged in the business, employing a capital of $10, 1'(00 and 31,31u hands, and pro ducing goods to the gross value of $41, [33,045. The production of New Jersey 840. The American silks are better than foreign, though much more ma chinery is employed in their manufac ture. One reason for this is that ihe machinery in the American factories is run at thu highest speed compatible with good work, thus eoonomi/. no time and labor, and with this hio-E speed only silk of the most uniform quality is used. Not onlv is the silk of American fabrics of more uniform quality generally than the for eign, but it is also generally pure and pot a mixture, which much of the for eign is. The raw silk used by American man ufacturers is almost wholly imported. The decline in silk manufacture in France and England, consequent upon the growth of the industry here, makes this countrj the best market for raw •ilk, and almost all the Lyons housoc dealing French, Chinese and Japan ese raw silks have branches in this country. There have been some singu lar forms erf disease which have greatly reduced the raw silk product in France and have extended to China and Japan with the effect of causing a decrease of about twenty-five per cent, iu the Jap anese and about fifty per cent, in the Chinese supply as compared with seven or eight years ago. This country is peifectly adapted to the growth of mul berry trees and the production of raw silk and the decrease in the production in other parts of the world should stim ulate it here. The amount consumed here now may be estimated at about $1:0,000,000, and as it is yearly increas ing. American producers would find a prolitable market. Several associations are encouraging its jrrowth here aud it is hope that the Government will aid in building it up through the medium of the Agricultural Bureau.—Bos'.on Commercial Bulletin. drape Vines, In answer to a correspondent who inquires about grape trellises, we would say that it doesnot make any serious difference as to which side of the trellis the vine is. It is true that it is better, perhaps, to place the vine on the east or west of the trellis. As to the con struction of the trellis that is not diiii ct\lt. Almost every one musthaveseen a trellis. It may be composed of simp ly posts and slats. Or it may bo made of posts and wire. Select the posts from oak, or some other durable tim ber, and liave them large enough to provide sullicient strength. Set the posts eighteen feet apart in the row's, and have them run north and south, so as to give a more uniform exposure of the grapes to the sun, as we have be fore intimated. The posts ought to be about four or five feet above the ground. Now stretch your wires along the posts, and fasten to each post with a staple, driven in firmly enough to prevent the wires from slipping through, as, if fhey do that, they will sag iu some places while being taut in others, making the strain uneven. It will be necessary, as will naturally oc cur to the reader, to have the end posts somewhat larger than the others, and to so brace them that the strain from the wires..cither from contraction or the weight of the vines, will not loosen them. We should place the wires about fourteen inches apart, the lower one being placed at that distance from the ground. This will br'uig the top wire about four feet eight inches from the ground. Some only use three wires, but four gives a better chance to tie up the vines, and will pay for the extra trouble aud expense. Now if there is more than one trellis the question will arise, "How far apart should they be?" Opinions will vary in regard to that, but we believe that they should not be nearer together than eight feet, and if they are further apart than that, we do not think any damage will be done, to say the least. Now if the vines are six feet apart there will be three between each two of the posts, and that is about right. If the trellis is not put up as soon as the vines are planted, they can be left to trail upon the ground the first season, and no great, harm will be, done. Vines left thus for the first season will do very nearly as well as if on the trellis. If Uie ti ellis is there, however, they should be tied up the first season but as the trellis is to be constructed, we advise setting it up at once. We may say hero that during the first year we should neither prune nor pinch. We do not believe it does any good. At the end of the first season—in the Fall—we would cut down to two strong buds, and during the second year these two buds will each produce a cane. Once or twice during the second season we would pinch back the stronger laterals, so as to .cause the two main canes and their buds to develop as fully as possible. But guard against all severe pruning and pinching very many pinch a grape vine to death. The vine does not thrive iu consequence of the treat ment, but in spite of it. If during the second season a heroic system of prun ing is adopted, in all probability the buds which were designed for next sea son, will be driven into premature growth this season. At the end of the second season cut back the two canes to three buds, and this will leave six buds which the third year will produce six canes, and these will probably bear fruit, but care must be taken not to permit them to overbear, and hence the fruit had better bj thinned to about ten bunches to the vine. This third season it will be in order to pinch back to the laterals somewhat more closely than was done the second season, and when the vines have got a litllo above the trellis stop them. Now, after pruning by cutting three of the canes .down to two buds, and short ening the other three canes to about three feet, we come into the fourth year's management. The three canes that were lett will produce branches, ami each of these will bear fruit, and we would advise that these branches be stopped at the second leaf beyond the last bunch of fruit. Each of the buds left at the last pruning will produce a cane which will bear fruit during the following- or fifth year. One matter needs attention. Do not permit any thing to allow too heavy fruiting. Nothing is gained by it. The lesson of thinning fruit has been learned long ago by our most experienced fruit growers. Judicious thinning not only produces abetter quality of fruit but it produces likewise a greater amount. No rules can be laid down lor thinning, as it must depend upon circumstances, the strength and vigor of the vine and the variety of the grape, for instance. In the fall of the fourth year the three canes that have borne fruit may be cut entirely awav, and the three canes which are to fruit next year cut back to about three feet.— Western Rural. —In Waterbury, Conn., a farmer loaded some hay" ana started for the barn, but a shower overtook him and he had to unload it. .1 he next dav he tried it again, with the same result. The third day his experience was the same. On the fourth day it came upon him once more, when the" irate husband man got under the load, set it on fire, and burned up hay and wagon and all. —Hartford '.ourant. SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY. —Pomegranates are being cultivated in the South. They yield $'00 per acre. —A company has been formed In New England for the purpose of con verting water into fuel.—Boston Post. —During the first six months of the current year the sum of $o9,221,u00 has been invested in new industries in the South—Cinear/o Times. —The sawdust and refuse of the saw mill is now made to yield fourteen gallons of turpentine, three to four gallous of resin, and a quantity of tar per cord.—St. Louis Post. —A Hazelhnrst started a (Miss.) man has new industry. He ships toads to Louisville florists, who use them to rid their plants of insects, which, it is said, they do very effectually. —Three vears asro the Buffalo author ities offered .^O.OuO for some invention that would utili'e the current of the Niagara River for power at their water works and William H. Britton, of that city, has the model of a horizontal tur bine wheel which he thinks will do it.— Buffalo Express. —Blasting paper is a recent Austrian invention. It is described as being un sized or ordinary blotting paper, coated with a mixture of prussiate of potash, of charcoal, saltpeter, potassium, chlorate and white starch. On its being dried it is cut into strips, which are rolled into cartridges. —The bog peat of Mexico is now be ing used on a considerable scale a fuel for locomotives, stationary engines, smelting purposes, smiths fires and household use. The peat is mixed with a proper proportion of bitumen, and is said not only to burn freely, and with out smoke in much quantity, but to give a higher dynamic equivalent of heat thau the same amount of wood.— Chicaqo Times. —An Atlanta (Cia.) punlisher has in vented a new method of photo-litho graphing by which it is claimed per fect copies of the finest steel engravings may be taken on the lithographic stone, ready for printing, in less than live min utes' time. The process, it is satd. is very simple, and can be performed by a boy as well as an expert. By moans of it, too, the inventor claims that he can make zinc and other metal printing plates. The original picture, it is said, is not injured by the proccss.—Chicago Lie.: aid. -j-The growing vegetable world breathes carbonic acid gas through its leaves, using the carbon to build up its structures, setting oxygen free for the use of the animal world, which inter change is constantly going on. The carbon so appropriated is found in the ash of plants after combustion, com bined with lime or some other mineral, but the larger proportion is again driven off during the combustion, in which progress it is again united to oxygen in the shape of carbonic acid gas. —N. Y. Times. —If, says M. C. Montigny in L'Elec trkite, we cast a rapid glance over the progress that has been made in elec tricity in less than half a century, wo shall see that after presenting itself suddenly under an entirely new form in the Voltapile, after manifesting its sur prising action upon magnets and cur rents at a moment when the science of the phenomena engendered by the pie seemed to some to be exhausted, elec tricity is again presenting itself under a new light in induction apparatus wherein it is excited by the most sur Vrising means. PITH AND POINT. —I ain1 got inuch faith in dft frown in1 man. In de black cloud dar's more win' dan rain.— Arkansaw Traveler. —She advertised: Little Jtopccp -lii1lost hor sheep. Ami dicla't know were to flnii 'em Slie advertised, and they came homo, Dragging gold dollurs behind 'em. —PhihvlrJiihia Call. —"Boys, don't leave the farm." No, boys, just take the farm right along when you go anywhere. You will lind it handy if you fail to get a situation in the city, as you probably will. —A scientific journal discusses "e^gs as food." This strikes us as being a rather sensible idea and productive of much more good than discussing eggs as bouquets.—Oil Cilij Blizzard. —"Good morning, Uncie Jim." "Good morning." "Well, you got your daughter married off, have you:"' "Yes." "Keally, Providence smiles upon you." "Smiles! No, bless you, she snickered right out!"—N. Y. Sun. —New G:rl—Oh, Missus, there's something the matter with the milk. Mistress— Mer -y me! What is it? New Girl—A yellow scum has gathered on top of it. I'm 'feared it's spoiled. Mis tress—Where were you brought up? New Girl—In New Yorrick. Mistress— I thought so.—Philadelphia Call. —"1 am choost as full ash a bag of flour," remarked an inebriate to a sober friend. "There is a difference between yon and a sack of Hour, however." "What- ishdirl-erence?" "When a sack is full it can sta up, but when you are full you can't even lie down on the .'•round without holding on."—Texas Siflinqs. —An exchange thinks "Ihe time may come when ihe thunder-storm may be called up by artificial moans." Come? Why, bless you, it is here. The only artificial means necessary is to get up a Sunday-school picnic. There may be an occasional failure, but it is about as reliable as anything on thisever-chan"- ing globs—save death and taxes.— NorriMovia Moral I. —"Is my shavina: agreeable to sir?" a loeua ious'barber a-ked you, a cus tomer whom he had been Having alive. "My wife would admire It very much," rather indefinitely responded the man un er torture. "Ah," said the barber, with great compla ency, "ladies are often excellent judgesof theirhusbands being well shaved. And you think mine will suit, sir?" "No doubt of it in the world. It was only this morninc she became angry because 1 told her 1 could not afford to buy her a spring bonnet and said 1 ought to bo skinned alive." The barber lost himself in re llection."—Pittsburgh Chronicle. —A formal opinion that the fumes of petroleum have no injurious effect has been rendered by Surgeon-General Hamilton, on a case presented by the Ame.ricwi Consul at Malta. The Rage for Being tiulled. There are few things more disc™,.. ing to the friend of humanity and progress than the apparent fondneJ*! a large section of the human famiiJ. being "gulled." There is hardlv an* body, with wit enough to go in when rains, but knows that nothing is in this commercial world thout ing for it. Yet the promise to something for nothing is an irresistahl and never-failing attraction. No fer in what form the offer is m„(| thousands come blindly up at the be of the promiser: and even when th have been swindled over aud ovJ a^ain. are quite as ready to giT0 allegiance to the last new hunibur. they were to the first. If the victim came only from among the ignorait there would be nothing surprisin' about the matter but they do not. \'i," wheel of fortune at the agricultural show takes in, perhaps, nobo'av but th! weak and simple minded. But th9 policy shops, the patent right swindle and ihe "hippodrome" horse races ami wrestling matched reach classes that are certainly well taught and are ordinarily looked upon "as sharp and shrewd. And the biggest charlatan of all, the quack, does his most thriving trade with people of intelligence. Let a long-haired individual with a broad-brimmed hat, an Indian name a brass band and a peddler's wagon set himself up at the street corner and pro. claim himself a wonderful physician with a panacea for all the Uls that is heir to, and he will attract hundreds of intelligent persons, who will pay their money to a man they never saw before for a compound concerning which they know nothing beyond Ins boastful assertions. The same persons who put no trust in the advice of a physician whom they have known for years, and whose interest it is to advise them fairly and for the best, will swallow with avidity the advice and the nostrum of any loud-voiced quack who forces himself upon their attention. In some cases, no doubt, it is because the quack promises, having no responsibility, what the educated physician with a reputation at stake does not promise. But in the vast ma jority of cases it seems as if the impell ing motive—the ruling passion on which the quack plays so successfully—is the desire to be gulled. How far society can oi\ouglit to go in protecting its members from the evil consequences of this craze is an open question. So long as people insist upon being swindled and resent any invasion of their inherent ri^ht to be swindled, the swindler will undoubt edly be on hand to gratify them and as they are free agents, the law is probably powerless to protect them against their will. But it does seem as though there should be better protection than there is for the weaker members of society. When an infamous charlatan plies his wretched trade and jeopardizes the health and life of his victims, there ought to be some means of reaching him promptly and effectually, not merely with line or imprisonment after the oll'ense lias been committed, but with sure prevention of the offense. The liberty of the individual is sacred thing, even when it is the lib r ty to be swindled. But in securing the welfare of the whole even that may \ia curtailed with propriety.—Detroit free Press. A C'uttstanUnopoIitan Fire Company. We soon caught sight of the Captain of the company. He ww a tall athlet ic fellow, wearing short, loose trousers of whito cotton cloth. His legs were bare bllow the knees he wore Turkish red pointed shoes on his feet, without stockings—a loose jacket of brown feu. over a white cotton shirt, and his head was covered with a metallic bowl, which shone brightly. A leather belt encircled his waist, and was clasped with a large brass buckle in front. He was coming towaivl us in a double-quick trot, brand ishing, in a proud manner, the bra-8 spout that belonged to the hose. He was followed by the engine and the firemen that belonged to it. Oh, what a sight! Most of them were scantily clothed, and some did not even have caps upon their heads, but I noticed that all wore the regulation belt with the large buckle in front. They were ev idently of the class which composed the riffraff of the city. The engine itself was nothing more than a big-sized gar den pump, carried on the shoulders of eight men, lour in front and four be hind. They relieved one another every now and then with great dexterity aud alertness. They soon swept by us, followed by th(5 hose, which was edited over a long pole, the ends of which rested on the shoulders of another file of men. Just as they reached the next corner, there emerged from a side street another en gine, whereupon a squabble for the right of way immediately arose. The two companies jostled and pushed for ward, each party trying to get ahead of the other. After a long haranguo and bluster, accompanied by constant yelling, screaming and hard words, they lowered their respective engines to the ground ana fell into a regular ligbt wrestling, pushing and knocking one another down in a ferocious manner. Their looks and actions were frant:e, and they fought like madmen. "Ah! There comes the Ser-Asker, tlie Minister of War! He'll soon settle their dispute!" oried a voice near us. And he did. He was preceded by a neovbetjee who cleaved the way for him, and when he came up, he promptly ordered the com panies to take up their engines and fol low him, which they did with the ut most meekness and alacrity. Theiv was no chance now for cither party to claim the victory, but they kept up Mead was in the kitchen 1 subdued rattle of words all the way.— St. Nicholas. —When the tornado struck Richburg. N. Y., a few days ago, Mrs. Alou preparing and a pair of hickory cod fish for dinner. A tin dipper stood on the table and on a nail near by hiuiiC pair of hickory overalls. Some lu}» jjttii ui iiivKory alter the storm had passed, which tor up trees, blew Mr. Mead's house uo«" and hurled liim a hundred var^' auu nunea mm a iiuuui™ through the air, there were found liaiy ing to a tree three miles away a cuy"s overalls, and the ground beneath the tree wa* dipper. They have been identified I belonging to the Mead household-" Buffalo Express.