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the iron way.
O, n. of the Tt«llrort«l BrliPTod to Date j-,'iick to JOTO at N«\vuantle-o!i-Tyne. The origin of the railroad is by some writers bclievi-it to be unknown. There is in the British Museum an Egyptian hieroglyphic which represents slaves drawing stones over a road like a primi tive tramway. One writer would have ,!• believe that a similar device was known iti China many years ago. While it is admitted that printing, gun j,qwder, and many other things were familiar to the Chinese before they were known to Western civilization, yet it is highly improbable that anything approachi'ng a tramway nearer than a palanquin was known to them. The ,, U-]iest (, authentic menliou of a railway necurs in the life of Lord Keeper, linger Forth, early in the seventeenth century. About 1670 a double parallel ]ine of wooden beams was laid at New- ^tle-on-Tyne, and a large cart, with four rollers, drawn ?y horses, was used to transport coal from the mine to the river. A (hinge placed at the side of the beam kept the carts from rolling olf tho vail- So successful was the experiment that oilier coal di.-triet.siu England anil Scotland followed the example. It was a great labor savinii scheme, for a hor-e that could with difficulty draw only 1,7011 without the aid of tiiis smooth road eoiil'l now with ease draw 4.200 weight. This was the earliest tramway, the pre eur-nr of the steam railway. The lirst Improvement made 0:1 this tramway was the laying of iron plates on the weoilen beams this contrivance re ,bleed the friction and made less wear and tear. In 176S rails made wholly of iron were used, and in 178!) when Wil fi:m Yessoji built the first public rail way in England, at. Loughborough, he introduced the edge rail of cast iron and changed the llangefrom the rail to •the wheel. Finally, in 1.S08, the rails wi'ir niad^1 of malleable iron. l' to lsOS the tramway had used ]ioi-es for motors, and in some in stances stationary engines but men's minds had been constantly exercised to invi-nt Mime method of drawing cars by wans of other than cable or animal j.ijv.cr. Watt seems to have been the lir-t to conceive the idea of propelling wheeled carriages by steam, but he was MI engagi'd in perfecting the stationary i-nu'iue that he did not attempt to carry eiit his idea. William Murdock, in 17*-. lir-t constructed a model locomo tive. Though little more than a toy it worked ,-uece.v^fully, and traveled so fa- that on one occasion its inventor in vain tried to keep pace, with it. In ]SOL' Richard Trevethiek and Andrew Vivian, two Cornwall engineers, took out the tirr-t patent ever issued for-a lo comotive. All the steam carriages and appliances, however, amounted to al most nothing so far as the public was concerned, and it was not until 1804 that any really practical locomotive was u.-ed. Trevethickjn this year built a second locomotive in south Wales, which drew a load of ten tons of iron ore live miles an hour. From this date, I*"! to 1811, very little, if anything, wa done to advance railroads. 'JIIM and ingenuity w.ure employed to invent Mime means to keep ears from slipping when going up an inclined plane. The lirst really successful engine was in vented by George Stephens, in 1814. It ran six miles an hour, drawing thirty tons. Until lttiiy there was little prog ress made. Then Robert Stephenson built the Rocket, which attained a max imum spefd of twenty and one-half mile-, with^an average of fifteen. Jlrookhjn Eagle. OPENED BY MISTAKE. The Horrible .Missive Opened Unsuspect ingly by a Lady. "There has been a mistake—a dread ful mistake,11 she said as she called at the chief clerk's window in the l'ost oiliee yesterday. "What is the matter, ma'ani?'1 Why, I called here 011 Saturday for a letter.'' "And 1 hope you got one." '•Yes, sir. My husband is in Buffalo, you know, and I've been expecting letter from film every day for a fort night. lie was to send me some money you know, and I was 011 my last shil ling when I got that letter."'1 "Well?"' "Well, sir, I hurried right home and opened the letter and ot* fell a dollar hill. .Just, think of a loving husband "nding his loving wife a dollar bill with which to run the house and pre erve her station in society for a wliolo month!'' "Hut you put the money in your pocket and burned the letter.'' "Oh. no, sir! threw the bill into the lire and set out to read the letter It -tarted oil' wi'h: 'Dear Madam,' and then 1 began to suspect something, my husband always calls me his angel. Ami then it went on to say, "So you want a bangle, oh? Well, take the in closed and jingle down town and bau vour old head olV and be hanged to irle You!' Oh, sir, I nearlv fainted!'1 ••Wen?" '"Well. I looked down at the signa ture. anil it was signed '.Slouch.' Then •1 :nv, sir, that it couldn't he from my husband at all, for it was written from Chicago, while t* is in 15ulValo. It was addressed to my name, but it couldn't have been for me." The clerk received the letter and care fully scanned the envelope, and she handed him a dollar with the remark "Put it in tlie letter, sir, and write on the envelope 'Opened by mistako —dreadful mistake—but the opener won't rive it away.' If you can think of anything else to soothe the poor •Wunian. out it on, too." "Yes, 1 will." "For I know exactly how she'll feel about it, anil 1 know if my husband should tell me to tan«rle my old head oil'and jiuj^le around wouldn't have any one to know it for a million dol lars. Dear me! but I'm so sorry, and it was aiie.li a mistake— dreadful liiis take! '—JJclr it Free Vress. —A jot from the Rochester Chronicle anil Democrat: ^Irs. L. L. Fox, of Castle, is the^roud possessor of a ealla lily which measures the. enormous length of i'ortv-live inches, which is said by ilurists to be, the largest ever on record in the country and seldom equaled, the effects of tobacco. A Polish rityftioiaii Analyzes the Vice la Itx A arioua Forms. Zu lin sky has recently published in a Polish medical paper'tho result of a arge series of experiments on men and animals, made for the purpose of ascer tabling the physiological action of to bacco smoke on animals. He has found that the smoke is a powerful poison. e\en in very small quantities, in the case of man tobacco smoke, when not inhaled too ireely, is only delterious to limited extent. Zulinsky declares that the poisonous character of the to bacco smoke is not entirely due to the nicotine which it contains. Tobacco smoke rendered free from nicotine re mains poisonous, though not to so great a degree as before. The second poison principle is an alkaloid, colidin. Carbonic oxide, hydrocyanic acid and other noxious principles are also con tained in tobacco smoke. The bad effects of excessive smoking depend very much both on the kind of tobacco consumed and 011 the manner of con suming it. In cigar-smoking, the greatest amount of poison is inhaled.* 111 cigarettes much hiss, in pipes still ess, while those who indulge in the nargileh or any similar luxury where the smoke is drawn through water, take tobacco in its least mischievous form. Such are Zulinsky's conclusions. There can be but little doubt that many of the light-colored tobaccos have been partially breached in order to give them a pale tint which moderate smokers, believe fo be an infallible in dication of mildness. Thedecolori/.ing agent is suspected to'be, in many eases, deleterious chemical comjvound. ome of the light tobaccos smoke ex ceedingly hot. owing to the woody liber which they contain. 'This is especially the eae with "bird's eye"' which is cut near the stalk of the leaf, the slices 0/ the midrib, thick in this part of the leaves giving the variety of .tobacco the characteristic appearance from whence it derives its name. "Bird's eye'' is very apt to cause slight inflammation of the tongue on account of the irritant character and heat of the smoke, and, together with other light tobaccos, must act very prejudicially in elderly smokers, who may be prone to canitr of the tongue or lip. l)»rk tobaccos are readily adulterated, but when pure? they arc probably the most wholesome for pipe-smoking.—Ilrilish .Medical Journal. EARTH-WORMS. Something About lie Spoelos Which Are .Found in New Zealand. An interesting paper on the habits of cartli-worms in New Zealand is con tributed to the New Zealand Institute by Mr. A. 'J'. Urquhart. The species are not named, but with such wonder ful opportunities as Mr. Urquhart pos sesses for making collections of these, may we hope that, in addition to his following out his painstaking observa tions as to their habits, he will also ad vance science by making a careful col lection of the forms ami placing them in the hands of some of the able naturalists of the Auckland Institute for description? It. will be remembered that Darwin assumes that in old pastures there may be. 2G,8G6 worms per acre, and that Ilenson gives 53,767 worms per acre for garden ground and about half that number in corn fields. Mr. Urquhart gives, as the result of hi$ investigations of an acre of pasture'" land near Auckland, ti'.e. large num ber of 348,480 worms as found therein. It being suggested to him that in his selection of the spots for examina tion he may have unconsciously select ed the richest, the experiment was "again tried in a field seventeen years in grass. A piece was laid out into squares of 12D feet, and a square foot of soil was taken out of each corner worms hanging to the side walls of the holes were not counted, and in one, hole, where the return of worms was a blank, the walls wen crowded with worms. As a result there was an aver age of IS worms per square foot, or 7134,080 per acre. Although this aver age is very striking when compared with that of Hcnscm, it is worthy of note that the difference between the actual weight of the worms is not so marked. According to Henson, his average of 0o,7fi7 worms would weigh SoG pounds, while Mr. Urquhart linds that the average weight of the number found by him came to 612 pounds and ounces.—Scientific American. ALL ON BOTH SIDES. Kentucky Taw That Fit tod One SI«lo of tin* Case Just as Well as r/' thv. Otliur* "Mr. .Lawyer, 1 want to ask you a question,said a countryman with a bandage about his head, to one of our most honorable lawyers. "Yes, sir lake a seat. What- in the nature of the case?"' •'Waal, cf you wer a liuntin' on your naber's premises an' he'd tell you to eit, off. anil you wouldn't £0, anil then he'd try to knock you off. eoulil ye brinr suit, a^in' him lor tryin' to knock you oil?" The lawyer then looked at the bandage around the man's head and replied in an emphatic way: ••.Most assuredly mid collect heavy damages." "Waal, then, I reckon I won't do nothin' more about it."' ••Why, why not, my friend? You could certainly get heavy damages. The law is all on your side." "I reckon not. mister. You jist now saiii the law was the other way." "How's that? 1 probably misunder stood the ease." "Well, the feller eonie in my orchard and was shoot'm' rabbits when I ordered him off hut he wouldn't go. So I went at it to knock him off, but I got the worut of it, as ye can see. 1 reckon he must, be one of these 'ere boxin' fullors." "Ah, ahem! es: just o. lliat puts the case in another light. Of course you can sue him for trespass and as sault and battery." ••Waal. 1 reckon I won't do no more in the matter, as you said lie can also bring suit a damages." "No, hold on. Don go. got the law all or. \our s^de. "So has the other feller. Good day, in me and collect heavy You'vo KentMate Jjumal. home and farm. —We too often forget that a variety Which will do well in one locality maj utterlv fail in another where climaH and soil are different.—Prairie Farmer. —Itwill surprise old poultry-grosrers to learn that the common hawk is re garded as a valuable bird. He destroys 100 lield mice for every chicken, and if there is a fair amount of shrubbery around the henyard very few chickens will be lost from his depredations.—N. Y. Times. —Black marble may thus be polished: Wash marble with soap and warm water, and when dry rub it well with furniture paste or trench polish, and then rub it with an old silk handker chief. After two or three trials th« marble will become quite bright.— Chicago Times. —One of the largest and most ex perienced breeders and raisers ol horses in Illinois says that if you will give one or two mouthful* of hay to the horse before you water him. there will never be any danger of the horse being water-foundered. This is, as far as his experience is concerned, an infallible rule, and is worth being remembered by all horsemen.—Exchange.. —The Veterinary Journal says ol the over-check rein: "The over-check rein was originated by a horse jockey, whose horse when rapidly driven, made a whistling noise. How any gentleman or lady of any tenderness of feeling and possessing ordinary intelligence can consent to ride behind a horse which is being tortured with such a silly contrivance of cruelty is difficult to imagine." -A curious illustration of the force of habit is reported by tho N. E.Home stead, from the experience of a farmer at Pomfrct, Conn whose dairy herd are accustomed to the restraint ol barbed wire fence.: Wishing to open a part of a mowing to them for the fall feed, he drew two lines of old cord and other pieces of twine across the lield, making them fast hero and there to some beanpole*. The whole thing was the work of only a few min utes, but not one of his eight cows ever crossed or molested that fence. They fed up to it and then turned aside. —l'lenty of good food and enough ol exercise to keep the muscles firm is the best treatment of horses in winter. It is quite common for many farmers to underfeed in winter, because they have little or nothing for horses to do. But a horse thus managed soon loses his capacity for hard service. Such a horse may be fed so as to make a good show in spring, but itwill be fat, not muscle, and a few days in ^plowing or harrow ing will bring hira down. Hoi'sus worked continually are less liable to galls from the harness, as the skin is always lirni and hard.—X. 1". Tribune. —A novelty in pancakes is made in this way: To two eggs allow two ounces of flour, a littlu salt and milk enough to make a batter of medium thickness. Beat ihe eggs until they are very light before adding the Hour put a lump of butter into a sucepan and then pour in enough batter to make one large cake put in just enough to cover the bottom of the pan nicely, as the cake should be so tliin that it will not need to be turned. When the pan cake is done, sprinkle powdered sugar over it and roll it up put on a hot plate an* when you have three or four done send them to the table.—Boston Globe. HORSES AND OXEN.i Their Comparative Value, With aW&rdin Favor of the Ox. The comparative value of horses and oxen is a topic which has been long and ably discussed, and on both sides of which there is much to be said. Iti tho Eastern and North Middle States, where economy of cultivation is so es sential, and where hay is so much more abundant than grain, work cattle are identified with the soil. In the South, where the lands are light, an active horse is equally suited to this soil and climate, horses of even a small size, and mules in their place, are more valuable than oxen, which can not perform the active labor in a hot sun, through a long day, in a scorching soil, and 'per haps scanty food. Steady, hard labor belongs to the ox if he goes slow, he carries a great burden and must have plenty to eat for his faithful labor. An ox can be worked seven or eight years, and will then bring for beef more than what he originally cost. The horse, liable to a number of diseases, will not average ten years from the time of his purchase and when ho dies we get only his poor hide. A pair of oxen will consume double as much hay as a hor~e but there is double the ma nure made, and that of better quality to carry on an improving system. In strong clay land, or where there are many stones, oxen are superior to horses for plowing, and they are aiso good for hauling short distances. They seldom get lame or blind, and their gearing costs far less than that of horses. The introduction of mowing machines, which require speed, have led many farmers tosubstitute horses for oxen but it is not impossible that some ingenious mechanic will yet inveir. a machine which can be worked with oxen. It is also certain thai by train ing them when young they can be made to travel much faster than the general g« it- It' oxen can be more economically and profitably used than horses, farmers will again raise them, boys will enjoy the fun of breaking steers in the winter, and small country towns will take a pride in the line strings of cattle which they will exhibit at the county cattle shows. Horses will always bo useful but I think that it is a mistake to use them altogether in the place of oxen. I do not know anything liner than a good ox-teain and where you see one you are apt to see good crops. Large, fat cattle make more and better manure than small, lean ones, or horses. Of course, those who raise oxen niusi have Shorthorn, Holstein, iJevon, or cattle of some other respectable sized breed. A team of Aldernev or of -Jer sey oxen would be of 1.ttie more use than a team of tom-cats. If our county societies would oiler premiums for the best broken steers and cattle, raised by the exhibitors—not purchased—it might improve the cattU of the North.-- Cutticator. i-fi' ft Tins statement of Dr. Samuel K. Cox. Iractical and Analytical Chemist, Wash ington, D. C., reads: "Red Star Cough Cure is entirely free from all opiates, poi' sons and emetics. It is an original combi nation of the best remedial agents, and is as harmless as it is effective." In great will case 011 trial in New York last, summer Kill exceptions were taken. But thig was au exceptional case.—X. Y. Graphic. JUMAXY a boarding-bouse patron gets into not water when he ladles out the soup.— WiMurioo Observer. Another I.ffe Saved. About two years ago, a prominent citi zen of Chicago was toll by his physicians that ho must die. They said his system was so debilitated that there was nothing left to build on. He made up his mind to try a "new departure." He got some of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery" and took it according to directions, tlo began to improve at once. He kept up the treatment for some mouths, and is to-ilay a well man. He says tho Discovery" saved his life. A MAN had an attack of epilepsy in a tailor's shop, whereupon the rival tailor opposite remarked thas 'twas the iii st lit they had ever had there." TAILORS ought always to bo able to rle isp their customers, fieeuuso it is their especial business to suit people. Wrecked Heulth. Victims of youthful indiscretions suffer ing from nervous debility, lack of self-cou lideuce, impaired memory, and kindred symptoms, should send three letter stamps for large illustrated treatise, giving means of certain cure, with numerous^testimo nials. Address World's Dispensary Medical Association, Buffalo, N. Y. .. A PRETTY young lady's face is like a town clock because you generally glance at it while passing.—Oil Villi Derrick. "Frailty, tliy N:im«: is Woman." —Ilamlet. That 3he Is frail, often in body, "'Xis true, 'tis true, 'tis a pity. And pity 'tis, 'tis true." Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription" is the best restorative tonic for physical frail ealattesses or de ty in women, or female rangements. By druggists, to one dollar. A PATIENT said of his doctor: "He gave me so much medicine that I was .sick a long tima after I got well." No SAFER REMEDY can bo had for Coughs and Colds, than "jBroion's Bron chial Troches." Sold ouly in boxes, iocts. THE sowing-maehljfe is the most im portant member in women's sew-sioty.— Whitehall Times. ... PIKE'STOOTHACIIEDKOT'S cure in 1 minute,25c. IHcnn's Sulphur heals anl beautifies. :.'."ic. GERMAN COUN KEMOVKU kills Corns & Iiunions. A PHYSICIAN recently advised his patient to live in the sun." Tho invalid wonders how he is t$ get there. "THE MARKETS NEW YORK, LIVE STOCK—Cattle Khecp Hogs FLOUR—Good to choice Patents WHEAT—No.Ited No. 2 Sprinjr COKN OATS—'Western Mixed RYE. PORK—Mess LA lit)—Steam CHEESE WOOL—Domestic Modium Jtutchers' Stock Inferior Cuttle POTATOES—(bu) PORK—Mess I.ARt)—Steam Ll'.M Ulvlt- Sliitifjies. ,W A- Janunryl2. HOGS—Live—Good to Choice. SHEEP 11 L'TTK It—Creamer (iood to Choice Dairy EGGS— Fresh FLOU H—Wi liter Spring Patents GRAIN—Wheat, No. 1 Corn Outs Jlye, No. 2 ISarlev, No. 2 BlidOM COliN— Sell'-Working Carpet niul Hurl r" Crooked 4 im ti oo 111!.% til HW 13 00 fell! 2T, ClUCAGO. BE12VEP—Extra Choice Good ?r, (in ?r &,G 00 ti 0(1 2 4 1 Coimnon Dressed Siding-.. Vloorinfr Common Hoards p? Fencing fc. lath 6/i 4- H7 ft.i2 on 0 K5 (t£ ti b7!4 18 00 mi 10 10 00 1 (HI %20 00 00 1- 00 ©111 50 6ft 00 to a uo •z 00 EAST LlItERTY. CATTLE—Best.. I'air to Good 1IOGS—Yorkers *5 50 4 00 4 40 4 135 4 'SI 1 00 Philadelphia* SHEKP—llest Common E S Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Sciatica Toimhmro, Backache, Headache, Toothache, Sore Throat, Swelling** Sprulnn, BrulHCKi Burnt*, Scalds* Front lSltcw, And All Other BODH.T PAINS and ACHES. Sold by Urutfjristsaml Uealers evci*ywhere. Fifty Cents a Lottie. Directions in 11 Lunguaircs. THE HARLFS A. VOOELER CO., (Successors to A. VOUKLEK & co. Baltimore,Md.,U.S.A. CATARRH HWFEVER I could hardly speak It was almost Impossi ble to breathe through ray nostrils. Using Ely's Cream Balm a short time I was entire ly relieved. My head has uot been BO clear nor voice so strong in years. I recommend lilts Admirable remedy to nil afflicted with ca tarrh or colds in the head. .1. O. TITHKSOB, Merchant, Kllzabeth, N. J. SmmbM Cream "Balm 1s a remedy based upon a corrcec diagnosis of this disease and can he depended upon. f0cts. tit drtt^Klsts GOetB. by HAY-FEVER: mall registered. Sample bottle by mail 10 cts. ELT BBOI., Druggists, Owegu, X. 7. SURELY jid Me-dily cure? II AIUH KEYK iiAjLiU. Albo old sores, sore nfpiilcs, etc. In use »Q ars. Onlv 11 kOx ft boxes, tr. .-end for Certificates and Ueeeipt Hook. "W. £. i'KXlCK. St. Joseph, Mo. Drujulsitf Bell it. RedStar TRADE Abtoluttly Frte from Opiate«, lumctict and. l'olaon*. A PROMPT, SAFE, SURE CURE For Coagha, Sore Throat, lEoitrncncMy Inflocnxa# Cold** Bronchitis Croup, Whooping Cough) Asthma, Qulnny, Polna in Clictt, and other affections of th« Throat and Lung* Price 50 cents a bottle. Sold by Drusetets and crs. purlieu -unable to induce their dealer to promptly get it for them will receive two bottlev,Express charge* paid, by sending one dollar to THE CIURME8 A. TOGELWL COMPANY, in'lJlHtintActiirorn. Baltimore, Maryland, C. B. CAUTION! 25 (r, 5 25 (ift 4 IK) (il 4 70 a 4 50 4 05 BALTIMORE. CATTLE—Rest Medium HOGS SHEEP—Poor to Choice $4 00 il 0,1 4 50 I 5 .17 5 50 00 fe 5 00 A* W.R.PENIGiTS^ —Ibrtho Complete mtdPainlessXo/noviii— OF HARD AND SOFT CORNS, CALLOUSES 'AND BUNIOXS#" PRICE 18 CENTS* For Sale by Rome Pruirglst wliere this paper in pub lished or sent by innil, iy W. 14. PEKK'K, M. .lns*oph. Mo., fur 25c. a box, In postage stamps, or 5 boxes l'or (1. PERSIAN Magic Charm Fnsr.iniues obRtlnatc lovers. "Wimla off sickness anl con tagion. Exhales delightful odor. Is Himply wonder ful. Send S55e for sample. Sells at Hlimt. Agents iiil ci'UU IUI Mllll IMC. cell" lit ML£|ll. MKvlllB Prico reduced wanted. JAPANESE SPECIALTY CO., Chicago, 111. CAUTION This Is the original t&il ahoc* their own inferiority by at.tem Inal. You can not be sure of getting the srenulnu unlesH you appears plainly on the soles. Tho merits of these 4 50 4 7 T'I 4 70 & SJ 2* 4 ISO '(T. !i 5 K) 5U For Choirs, Conventions, Singing Classes and the Home Items and Topics. All your own fault. If yon remain sick when you enn JAMES MEANS' $3 Shoe. TANNERY CALF shoes Get hop bitters thut never— Fall. —The weakest wonuui. smallest chiUT, and sickest invalid can use hop bitters witii safety and great good. —Old men tottering around from Rheu matism, kidney trouble or any weakness will be made almost new by using hop bitters. 83^"My wile ami daughter were uuute^ healthy by the use, of hop bitters and 1 reQifW omtnend them to my people.—Methodist Clergyman. Ask any doctor if hop Bitters are not the best aiuilv medicine*" On earth 111 Malarial fever, Ague and Biliousness, will leave every neighborhood as sooa as hop bitters arrive. My mother drove the paralysis and! neuralgia all out of her system with hop bitters."—lid. OXWCIJO Sail..' KUFKeep the kidneys healthy with hop bitters and you need not fear sickness." —Ico water is rendered harmless and' more refreshing and reviving with hop bitters in each draught. —The vigor of youth for the aged and in firm in hop bitters!!! At the change of life nothing equitls Hop Hitters to allay all truubles iueiclo.nt i'nercto." The best periodical for ladies to take monthly, and from which they will receive the greatest benefit is hop bitters.'' —Mothers with sickly, fretful, nursing children, will cure the children and benefit themselves by taking hop bitters daily. —Thousands die annually from somefana of kidney disease that might have been vented by a timely use of hop bitters. —Indigestion, weak stomach, irregu ties of the bowels, can not exist when,-hop." bitters are used. A timely use of hop Bitters will keep a whole family In robust health a year at a little cost —To produce real genuine sleep anX child-like repose all night, take a little hoj bitters on retiring. tSSf Nonegonuino without a bunch of preen Hops on tho white, label. Shun all the vile,poi» onous stuil with "Hop"or"Hops"iu their uama. haven't it," hut that they have a hotter shoe for the same price." Von arc probably uwtir© that retailers always prefer to sell whatever they happen to have in stock, and tho only way for you to get what you want is to insist upon lmvin^ it, anil write to us it' yon can not get it*. Wherever you live these Shoes arc within your reach: ask your lealer for them and if. lie can. not supply yon with a good fit, send your address on postal card, to & JAMES MEANS & CO., 61 Lincoln St., Boston, PUSSIlBSSy PILLS Positively cure SICK-HEADACHE, Biliousnese, and all LIVER and BOWEL Complaints, AIALASIA» BLOOD POISON, and Skin Diseases (ONE PILL A DOSE'. For Female Complaint** those Pill a have no equal. I find them a valuable Cathartic and Liver Pill.—Dr. T. M. Palmer, Monti cello, Fla."* •*In my practice I use no other. —J. Dennison, M.D., DeWitt, Iowa." Sold everywhere, or sent bjr mail for 25 cto. in stamps. Valuable intorraatioa FREE. X. S. JOHNSON 86 CO., BOSTON, Iff AfiSk. Higher Schools, No better Books have appeared for years than the following: A grand, Music Choral Worship.L Book ol' 320I II?CM. IIKJ pages Kleiflonts, with a capital collodion of Sucml ami Secular Music. 75 pages of the best Hymn Tun«s. fill pages of Anthems, and 30 pages of miscellaneous Concert Music. 91. Ter doz en, $9. The Model Singer, rLo* for Sltitfliitf CKuNMca. pages. 124 Graded K::er ctees, 57 GUrefi and Tart Hongs, 2t) Hymn Tunes, 1H An theins, itnd 1 Chants. Abundant and useful m:uenr.l for tlic Singing School Teacher. Wets. Per Uoz., L. O. EMEKKON. A new and exira ilue song book for the "Tdgher schools," meaning by that. Colleges, Technological and 01 her Hp.-clal schools. Academies, Institutes, Seminaries, High and Normal Schools. 100 large octavo pages. 8*2 harmonised songs of the high est order, hot ii l.n words and music, classical in beauty and interesting to every one. Also exercises aad sol feggios for voice culture. CO cts. Per dozen, Iti. Any book mailed for the retail price. LYO\ «fc 1IEALY, ehlcazo, III. OLIVER DITSOdc CO.. ISotion. ^|X)introduce andsell theLmil* the u*eM-knowjiuii leele" brated Ci^ai-s of tho NEW YORK & HAVANA CIGAR t'O.Ml'AN'Y, Jibeuil ai lunyenicnts, 8aLAKY or COMMISSION it'l to the riu'ht man. I'or further uArticu* lars and terms address, at once, THE NEW YORK St 57 Broaaway, New Yo New York. S N E W liAIDISIS7 PAVOH.ITE SD.M KTIllX \v A It GOOD AIR CREMPER JUST OUT. Best ever made, sun pic. duruble. Put-uptn Imniltiontcly ik-ctiniuul hingt^d cover lin boxes. No. 1 for Krlzzcs/or. No. for lou«« crtntpa. Try a box. Say wlifeh vou want. Onlv 10« nei-liux. Coin or siuinpii. Seiii po.slnulil. Adilrcss in full, S. £. KOliXON, Ii. 33 Central Music Hall, CUlcsfo. Beware of im1tatioa3 which acknowledgf lpUQg.to build upon the reputation of the oria arejifircful to examine and see that this stomp These Shoes for gantlem.cn are made of finest Tannery Cal£ Skin, Stitched with large Silk Machine Twist, and are unequalled in Du rability, Comfort and Appear ance. They are made in various widths to lit any foot. They ar® made with either broad or narrow toes. Made in 6tyles ishown incuts. have caused such an enorraoutt increase in tho demand for that we can now furnish proof that our celebrated factory produce lunr« quantity of shoe® of this grade than tiny other factory in the world. Our factory is run lirst and above all Isx the interest of bv irfving* their claims our first attention, we best further tho ini» tcrests of the retail trade, and by so doing best advance our own. "Wc particularly request those wh« have been paying five or nix. dollar* for their shoes to at least try on a pair of these before, buying a new pair. The quality of these Shoes has won for them so high a place In public esti mation that they stund to-day ifcbNolutely wlthont arlvu!. SHOE CONGRESS Wc linve been informed that some shoe rotaik?!-s when they ar® nskeil for the JAMES MEANS' $3 SHOE, re ply thut they R. U. AWARE THAT Lorillard's Olimaz Plu£ bearing red tin U»*j Scud $1 and get35 worth $2 worth furTiOr St wortfck for 25c. Pieces from Neckwear and *flk factorv~tf*& kinds and colors. l.AliE M'F'U 4'0., Chicago. iiU S fflkS IRBCI8Q NEW LAWS Officer*' pay frona VkVBSnua'dcoumii&sions lk-*erterH reliev ed IVuKioittj aud increafe: experience H»years? success or no fee. "Write for circulars and bias.. A. W. MoCOUMlCK & SON, CinciumitU Ohio, PLACK to .«ecure a thorou«fla and useful cdif-ation, is st tha Grand itapiitft ich. BIMI new* College. Writt- for Cofiestr. Journal. C. G. SWEXSUXUG* PATENTS LADIES GMCISk co_ HAVANA CICAR CO Hand-Bock FBEE. K. S. 3z A. P. ZsAVRT* Patent Att'ys, Waabington, D.C« wuiilntf I fl pro cheaper than gywk Send .stamps LHULO f.,j- Mjuf^ruied ClJ* CUlar« to J. J. X. Treatwl and cured v/hUont ih« on renrmen: O N I A n* 1 tbem li I .t Lorillanl'tfc- Roue iieut*tine cm chut. Lurillard'fe Navy ClippiiigH, anil that Lorillard's Suttt!'*, the best aud cheapest, quality considered WsuftiPTrar havo a positive remedy for tho abuvndUoaao by lUt UHO thoUKandriol'caHOsot tho *A'or»C kiJ»U AND of LORYJ standing havo boon etired. I inland, foatrnn^is ravfoith In Itsjottioacy, Unit I will send TWO rOTTi.ES J-'KKK* together wit a VA I.UAtiI.ETKEATIM*. on thin di»eiu* to any uutivrer. iivo express *udl'. O. nddr-xK. 1)K, T. Jl. tiLOCUM, 161 i'uarlSt., New York. DYKE'S BEARD KF.MP. Curow lutari.nl k«ra. »r hair bald 30 Ht lojwrj. KMUIIIMUT,iu»*i.? Bmm tt« wiwM. 2 or 3 Pkg. l*. wort*. Will pm, Il or ftrfm rknf* wtH diiKtM«» »n-» p* I. A* I* BSSiTii bt, CO., Ac**"!*, i'alaUfco, LADIES COME CBAZY Over Silks for itafchwurk* I p| 1 4 AddrefSi TEIEOB.APHY, or SHORT-HAND ukS TYPE-WRITIHG HERE. HI: nations fur icil. AiUtre.Srt ALENTJ Nh ..Juncsvi.lc, UIIQtn I Send for Cut.iIOKiies of Instrtniient^ mUOiU and luc.Sheet .Music to i'. ii|:.:L1M. ir.rie, J'cw A. N. K.—.-ir* 1«»US WRITING TO .-i hwj yoi mteame sajj you m» the in (Ms (M« paper. ii