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Wessington Springs herald. (Wessington Springs, Aurora County, Dakota [S.D.]) 1883-1891, January 13, 1888, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn99067997/1888-01-13/ed-1/seq-5/

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Soldiers of Betli Armies Fighting
Their Battles Over
of the Bfttle-field,the Weary
March, and the Cheerful
A Woman's View.
OW calmly men sneak
of war, of battle,
Of the possible loss of
a thousand lives,
iAh! but to women the
cannon's rattle
Telia of mourning Bis
ters and wives
01 brave boys marching
out in the morning.
And lying with up
turned brows at night
Of the swift death angel,
it a
scattering broadcast ruin and blight
if maidens watching, waiting, and weeping
Voi' lovers who never will come again
if -iiatuifi longing for boys who are Bleeping
tn cottinlees graves on the battle plain
tbo dread suspense and the awful anguish
That froui first to la6t ia a woman's lot
if loathsome prisons where dear oue's lan
of sieepleeE nights, and days all fraught
N'ith wild conjectures and mighty sorrow
With weeping, and wailing, and hono de
With hating the present and dreading the mor
Ami oft repeating, "What news have you
of enst-ofY garment, prized as a treaniire,
Hocause a dear one ha9 worn it of late,
ill rivers of tears, and grief without measure,
Oi houses and homes made desola o.
this is the meaning of war to woman
liravo, heroic, nor strong, I know
Wc«k, no doubt but sho is sit human,
And the old-time
Spartans died long ago.
Taking a Battery.
HV THK LATE COLONEL E. Z. ('. .11*1)8ON.
£^=**3^ A FTEll the Confed
ZA erate batteries bad
J- *-becn unmasked they
3) made it rather live
ly for the light bat
teries of General
Getty, for their guns
were mostv of heavy
caliber, such as liatl
been taken from the
Norfolk Navy Yard,
it was captured by them.
The artillery duel did not last long—
it did not pay on either side. The in
tended crossing had been foiled, and
hat was enough for us. So General
Getty drew oft' his guns at nightfall,
iini.1 the enemy appeared next day to
have done the same.
Not a gun, or even a Confederate
picket, could bo seen by daylight from
our side of the river. Masked by
swamp and forest growth, they wero
tliere yet, however, as a niglit-scout in
a canoe made by the writer soon after
In a pouring rain-storm the writer
dropped down the river from Suffolk
in an old canoe, keeping close on the
western shore, listening to every
sound, keeping eyes open as well as
ears. It was pitch dark, the river
fairly boiled in the seething rain, and
the dip of my paddle could not have
been heard a boat's length away.
Nearly three miles had been covered,
when the sound of men's voices talk
ing, in a low tone, and seeming to be
very near, reached me. To check the
canoe by reaching the muddy bottom
with a long pole I felt for in the bot
tom of the boat, was my instantaneous
Then a glimmer of light on the cy
press trees on the swampy shore
showed I was near a camp or guard
t'areful nut to touch an overhanging
branch or to make any noise, for I
knew not how near I might be to a
sentinel, I pushed the canoe to the
shore. Fortune favored me. I found
bv feeling, rather than seeing, that I
just under an old wood-wharf,
where boats had landed to take off
cord-wood, such as was used on the
river steamboats that navigated the
stream before the war.
Pushing the boat in, I laid her
alongside the land under this wharf,
aud crept out on the bank after fasten
ing her to a spile. Listening, 1 heard
the tramp of a sentinel outside of me
on the wharf. Safe in the darkness, I
crept higher up the bank, guided by
the lights reflected on the trees, and
in a few minutes found myself on an
earth-work in the old woodyard, look
ing over into a camp of forty or fifty
men just back of a battery of seven
guns, all masked by bushes, but cov
ering the wharf where I lauded and
the river-front.
1 he most of the men were asleep in
shelter-tents, but a few under a canvas
shed near the camp-fire were playing
cards, despite the pelting rain. They
without doubt,
these were talking and laughing in a
low tone, little dreaming that a Yank
was so near, anxious to know if
"spades" were trumps just then.
It took me about ten minutes to
study out the landing—see what guns
bore on the wharf, estimate the force
by the number of shelter-tents, and
then I backed off like a turtle on my
hands and knees, and got to the canoe.
Pj^ppinpf noiselessly down stream
till I was clear of danger, I paddled
across to the other side of the river,
landed and concealed my canoe, and
made my way back on foot to our lines
at Suffolk.
'reporting at headquarters that there
was a battery left which might be
taken easily at night, by surprise and
-sudden assault, and which would be a
continual danger and menace if left
alone, plans were at once laid for its
Two nights after, the Eighty-ninth
•ow York, Colonel England in com-
for the work, and,
guide and pilot,
started down the river at midnight in
a small steamer to do the work.
was dark, and the boat
vas allowed to drift in silence until
iiue was actually abreast the old wharf.
lie men, with bayonets fixed, were
in silence on her
ken we were actually abreast and
ose to the old wharf, then steam was
given, and in a minute more the boat
43 111
®t the landinc. and with a cheer
Hw gallant regiment sprang on the
—Chit-ego Ledger.
primer on a
gun which covered the wharf told of
tor tune on our side. If that gun/load
upgthe wharrrr°WCOlnmn
tiAlif T?s'in.
had been
cut down half
aS itruriied
as little time as
it takes
to tell the story, the battery and its
WWtLgUard Not a man
lost not a gun tired, but seven pieces
and thirty men captured.
It TO a nicely planned and well
executed piece of work, and the Gen
eral commanding was delighted with
our success. It is not often that a cap-
Vls is effected without loss
snch is the fortune of war.
"Canned Peaches."
I suppose most of the comrades have
remembrance of the average
soldiers hankering after a taste of
fPmtuous liquors, or "commissary," as
the boys nailed it, writes Crowell in
the National Tribune. It was my ob
servation that although while a citizen
at home he was usually temperate and
law-abiding, yet as a soldier no laws,
no orders, and no persuasion would
prevent his risking a tour in "barrel
armour," a trick in the guard-house, or
even his life, to obtain some "commis
sary," he holding it to be self-evident
that he should have as much of it to
drink as his commanding officer, pro
vided he could carry it, and lie never
had any doubt of his ability to do so.
Too often the officer claimed the ex
clusive privilege of drinking all the
"commissary," and then the conse
quences to the private soldier going
under firo were exceedingly disastrous.
I knew a Major of infantry who was
a thoroughly drilled officer in tactics
and regulations, who never could
bring his body to facc the enemy in
time of battle without having his skin
full of whisky, and then liis regiment
fared badly. J3ut a time came when,
suddenly thrown into battle, he
couldn't got drop, and he didn't go.
Instead of obeying orders, he dis
mounted and sneaked away to the rear
to get behind a stump, and the ranking
Captain, hearing the orders, instantly
mounted-the IWajor's horse, and away
went the regiment with the rest of the
line of battle, driving all before them,
capturing two guns of a Confederate
battery in its front, and redeeming it
self from criticisms on its previous
conduct under a drunken Major, who
never commanded that regiment any
more, but departed to a camp where
whisky was always plenty and bullets
were not.
I knew a private who was apparently
the model soldier of his company, with
arms and equipments, dress and but
tons all bright and neat, as if he had
just come from the Sundijy-movning
inspection in camp, yet his appetito for
liquor was his one overmastering pas
sion. He would steal away from camp
at night and tramp twenty miles away
to get "canned peaches." The cans
really contained nothing but whisky,
and woe to the party who had it and
wouldn't give him some. When once
he got a taste he was ready to commit
murder unless he was given enough to
"lay him out." He would stay by that
until he had swallowed it all,
and there was no more to be had then
he would follow his regiment,and some
morning appear at roll-call as bright
and neat as ever. No braver soldier
ever faced the enemy in battle when he
was sober. At last, in a fierce tussle
over a battery, poor Jerry was shot
through the lungs. About two hours
afterward his Captain found him be
side the wheel of a dismounted gun,
just able to speak and Jerry's last
words were "Captain, did I do my
My Rackensack Spurs.
sixteen of us had
seven of the enemy
A 1 an
horses. We were
ktold that General
Forrest was at Olive
Branch with four
thousand cavalry,
only a mile distant.
To get back to Baton liouge, a distance
of twenty-two miles, we must pass them.
We recrossed the bridge, rode down
the river a mile, forded it, and intend
ed to make the Comite ford before the
enemy were aroused in camp. Here a
little incident occurred to me, which,
though it is well enough to laugh about
now, failed to excite the spirit of mirth
in me at that time.
One of the prisoners whom I was
guarding, was a tall, swarthy fellow.
He called himself "A llackensack from
Arkansas." He wore a pair of silver
plated Mexican spurs which I wanted,
and accordingly politely asked him to
present them' to me as & murk of
respect to his superior officer.
Be allowed" he would keep them,
and after a few complimentary words
passed between us, I finally gave him
to understand that he was vvj prisoner,
and I would have the spurs if it cost
the price of a Rackensack.
He then handed me the spurs.
About that time we heard a yell, and
looking back as far as the eye could
reach we saw the enemy on our trail.
With energy we urged our tired horses
on so as to reach the Comite ford, when
when we would be safe but all in vain
—Forre&t's whole command was after
us, so it seemed. The prisoners hin
dered us, so we let them go. But when
we reached the ford we found the ene
my there awaiting us. We made a
flank movement and tried to gain the
bridge, but to no purpose.
We were ordered to dismount, alSd
our arms and everything of value taken
from us.
I looked around, and who should I
see coming straight toward me but my
Rackensack," in search of his victim.
I tumbled at once for I didn't feel half
as big as I did a half hour before. At
last, when he reached me, and from his
towering height looked with supreme
impressiveness down upon me, and said:
"Yank, I reckon you'un remember, I
done told you'un that I allowed I'd
keeps my spurs," I didn't stop to argue
the case I handed them to him, and
courteously thanked him for the use of
them for the short time I had used
them. I felt thankful to get out of it
that easy. We fully realized now that
we were wholly in the enemy's power,
and determined to make the best of a
bad bargain.
Company I, Fourth Wisconsin Cavalry Volun
Davis' Unpublished Speech.
EING an old Federal
soldier, writes a vet
eran in the Kansas
City Timed, and a
Grand Army man, I
have taken the pains
to talk to a great
many "old soldiers"
of the ex-Confeder-
_. ate persuasion about
the proposed return
of the captnred battle-flags', and I
must say that not one (and I have
talked to a score of them) has any de
sire to ever again even look upon a
Confederate flag. Under it they lost
their all, and to-day they respect the
old stars and stripes as they never did
before. Meeting an old Louisianian
yesterday, the reasons why the ex-Con
federates are to-day so patriotic was
'explained, and is more readily ex
plained by a remark of Jeff Davis',
made before the. Mississippi Legislature
at Jackson, nearly two years after the
war between the States had begun, and
which now goes iut-o print for the first
time. As the gentleman remarked, it
is a most curiov.s thing that none of
the historians of the rebellion ever got
hold of it, or if they did it was not re
corded. To begin with, the people of
the States were led to believe iiliat se
cession was entirely n. peaceable move
ment. and after the first gun was fired
they were still made to believe that the
"war" would be only a small affair
and although the great majority of the
Southern people were at heart op
posed to secession, yet the political
leaders were strong onougli to carry
the proposition, and the people began
to believe it was only their rights
they were fighting for. Having
gotten into it, however, they were de
termined to light it out, hence the re
marks of their chief above alluded to
were calculated to encourage those
who had voted for secession against
their better judgment. In the course
of Mr. Davis' speech, at which were
present as many people as could be
crowded into the legislative hall at
Jackson, after telling them that while
the war had unfortunately lasted longef
than anticipated, and without attempt
ing to predict when it would end, he
said that when it did end he had no
doubt it would end in the separate in
dependence of the Confederate States.
"But when ended," said he, and my in
formant gives as near as possible his
exact words, "the South should look
upon it only as a hollow truce, to be
interrupted at short intervals for a
long period of years by war and thus
it becomes Southern statesmen to so
legislate that the entire youth of the
Confederacy—every boy when he at
tained the age of sixteen or seventeen
years—should be required absolutely
to give at least three years of his time
to a regular military training, so that
when these interruptions come we may
be a nation of trained soldiers."
Had the great rank and file of the
Confederacy heard that proposition
early in the war it would have speedily
ended but, as remarked by the gentle
man who related the above, having
gotten into the trouble and been in it
for nearly two years they were willing
to stay untii its close, hoping against
hoiie that it would not only end speed
ily, but end as 'their chosen leader had
One of Curtin's Stories.
The martial spirit which the Boston
attributes to Lieut. Col. Ames
recalls a good story told at a banquet
some years ago in Pennsylvania at
which Governor Curtin was a guest.
Upon his left sat several quartermas
ters and commissaries who amused
each other with war reminiscences.
As Governor Curtin knew that none of
them had been in battle, he was
prompted in his after-dinner speech to
tell an anecdote which had come down
from the revolution. A man by the
name of Smith drove a sutler's wagon
for a Pennsylvania regiment during the
war and lie lived to a great age. After
the veterans died off he began to imag
ine that he took part in every battle,
and many thrilling experiences he had
to relate. Among them was this, given
in Smith's own words: "It was just
before the battle of Monmouth when
Gen. Washington came to me and said:
'Smith, we shall attack the enemy at
daybreak and we must dislodge the Hes
sian regiment directly in front of us.'
I sat up all that night honing my saber
and was in line promptly in the morn
ing. When the bugle sounded I start
ed on a dead run for that Hessian
regiment, not waiting for my comrades.
I fell upon the ranks of the enemy. I
cut and hacked, legs, arms and heads
flew in all directions. Great chunks
of meat were hurled into the air, and
just as I got the Hessians on the run I
felt a hand upon my shoulder. I
turned, and there stood the Father of
his Country, who said: 'Smith, be
gentle you don't want to make a
slaughter-house of this whole conti
Budget of Useful Information Upon
Household and Agricultural
Halters or Interest Relating to Farm,
Orchard. Stable, Purlor, and
Hiffhtrr fries f„r I-'m-m I'rortiirt.i Fre-
Encouraging (o farmers, if true, are the
M'ophcsies of our respected and progress
vo contcmporny, Thr'New England Home-
Ilore. arc a few of the predictions:
!1 per bushel as the current wholesale
price of potatoes at Boston within three
nonthsj tin advance of one cent per
pound in the price of hogs similar gain,
it least, in values of beef cattle before
fanuary ?.'t per barrel for nioe selected
Baldwins before February. "The present
Jutlook," says The. 1-fontcxtead, "favors
heso predictions, which are for the large
markets, like Boston, Providence, and
New York. Distance from market, and
jther circumstances will affect values
In the country. Cut this out, make an es
timate yourself, and see who is the
nearest right."
I liooif Fooit, IrfiOtl. J-Vrtl'W.
Ever and anon some enthusiastic breeder
if thoroughbred fowls descants npon the
merits of his favorite breed—their tender,
juicy flesh, and rich, highly-flavored eggs,
not to be compared with the dunghills long
igj discarded—forgetting that the dung
hills were truly named, and that from
liord scratching for a living in the barn
yard, they produced tho small, tough
bodies and ill-flavored eggs complained of,
while his thorongli-breds have a yard to
themselves, are fed on the choicest grain
and grasses, have nothing but pure water
to drink, and all the delicacies of the
season, from the dinner table.
What breeder has not noticed the differ
5uce in flavor of the eggs from liis best
Cards pd from the general flock running
it largo? Instinctively, the best fowls re
ceive the best food and most careful at
tention, aud the result is richer and better
flavored eg js. Feeding for flavor must
sooner or later become one of the high arts
•f poultry pulture.—Xem York Market
atrttusl Ji'otUlr.r.
eterinarv Professor Hansan has ana
lyzed and reported upon tho cakes or bis
cuits having tawdust for base, intended as
food for cattle, and horses in particular.
It is an ailment not new to Germany. This
aliment has for chief ingredient very line
red sawdust, acted upon by muriatic acid—•
a powerful digesting agent. The cakes
are thin, eight to ten inches in diameter,
and weigh about one pound. In two sam
ples the biscuit was mixed with bran and
oats. No one of course expects that saw
dust alone could be utilized as food it is
too poor in protein, but it can act by "bal
lasting" the digestive apparatus giving it
the required'volume for working.
As a stomach ballast, sawdust could
then enter into competition with inferior
straws. Chemically the biscuits wero not
nutritively richer than hay, while in point
of digestibility they wore inferior. In
case of cavalry when campaigning,
where economical rations are desirable,
there would be required forty-one pounds
of the oats sawdust cake—more of it bran
—to equal ten pounds of hay and the
same weight of oats. Now l^rses on the
war-path must be laden with us fow heavy
weights as possible. The weight of the
cakes could bo reduced by dessication and
volume by the introduction of some highly
concentrated aliment. The biscuits should
be estimated at tho same value as that of
medium hay. Sawdust can be eaten with
out danger by horses. Tho omnibus com
pany, when they employed that substance
for litter, never prevented the horses from
eating it—that which did them no harm.
In Swendon, very tine larch sawdust is em
ployed with advantage, instead of chopped
straw, aud mixed with sliced mangolds for
bullocks and dairy stock.
Mill Feed for Pig*.
There is no better diet for growing pigs
of any ago than wheat mill feed. This is
much better than bran, which is too coarse,
and goes through young pigs without doing
them mnch good. In fact, pigs will not
eat bran unless starved to it more than
growing pigs ought to be. If given bran
in milk they will drink tho latter and leave
the bran in the trough, if corn meal is
mixed with wheat bran the meal will be
sifted out and the bran left. This pigs
cannot so well do if the feed is finer.
Jiran/'or livcftttifj Animals.
There is no more important item in win
ter feeding of stock for most farmers
than to have always a good supply of wheat
bran. This is especially valuable for
breeding stock bearing their young. Bran
is rich in bone and muscle-l'orming ele
ments of food, and it serves another valu
able purpose in keeping bowels open and
doing away with the constipating" effects
of the dry food usually given in winter.
For stock not breeding rye bran i3 as good
as wheat, anil whole rye may be ground
for feed with great advantage. But for
animals with young, wheat is much prefer
able, as the ergot in rye may produco abor
tion. A wheat bran mash given twice a
day will do no more to keep stock in good
health than any other food that can be
Jtrevftiwj .1 Jft -ricfin Horuvs,
When the breeder seeks to create a family,
his first care muft bo to place his stock on
land suited to their peculiarities. Saddle
horses are best reared on broken, hilly
ground, for the habit of sure-footedness it
insures. Harness horses require for their
development a rolling country, the mod
erate irregularities of which give good kueo
action and render them able iu after days
to cheerfully breast a hill. On no account
should a rich, deep, alluvial soil be chosen
to breed saddle horses on. Having se
cured a desirable tract of laud, the
breeder next must decide what class of
horses he intends to produce if saddle
horses, the sire should bo an Anglo
Arabian color, dark bay, dapple brown, or
black in continuation the build should
be close knit, the head handsome, with
the dish face of the Arab, the ears small
and pointed, the eyes prominent and full
of intelligence the forehead wid6, the
muz/.lo so small that he could drink from
a tumbler the nock long and graceful, cut
in at tho throttle this will insure his get
against being pullers the lips, when at
rest, firmly closed the back short and
straight, the withers rather low and round,
the forearm and hind quarters muscular
the ribs deep, the knees large and flat, the
crown bono short, the foreleg measuring at
least eight and one-half inches under the
knee, the height not to exceed fifteen
hands three inches, the horse well broken,
and ridden in difficult grouud. A steeple
chaser would be the most desirable of all
thoroughbreds, as his education would bo
transmitted to his progeny, in so far that
they would be more readily taught (ban
other horses. The dams should be selected
for stoutnesj of constitution, docility of
temper, perfect soundness and abundant
good looks: highly, but not clean bred.
The sire, to produce stately harness horses,
should also be thoroughbred for heavy
harness work, sixteen bauds would not be
too high, when combined with tho size
find symmetry of forr-'. The first cross of
siu-h a sire from clean-bred Clydesdale or
Tercheron mares, gives excellent results.—
1 mrrimn AffririillvrM.
English authorities have as yet found no
better way fo keep eggs fresh than by the
use of salt and lime. 15ut the name pre
served egg has a stale and unappetizing
sound. If no oft'ort were made to keep
summer eggs over till winter the demand
would surely be far better than it is now.
And we may add that if no eggs were sold
but those fresh laid, the price would stim
ulate and pay for methods of making hens
lay in winter, when tho freshness of their
eggs could have no possible doubt. Pre
serving eggs is going to work backward.
What is most wanted is to make hens lay
in winter.
l.h :.
A poultry woman thus describes her
method of keeping her poultry free from
lice: "1 take an old tin tomato can and
put in it one pound of old grease tried out
clean, one tablespoonful of coal oil, the
same of crude carbolic acid, and set it on
tho back of the stove to melt and mix
gradually. For young chicks I use a little
on the head and under tho throat. I apply
it at night. I also put it on fowls when
cooped for fattening or to break them from
setting. AVhen I am done setting I grease
my whole flock, one by one, and rub it on
feet and legs with an old tooth brush, and
am not troubled with lice or with scaly
and 1'onltry,
Though the keeping of a flock of fowls
may be done by a lady, yet there is too
much labor necessary in the management
of a flock to permit of fnll care being given
by a lady. There is nothing that will
afford greater pleasure or assist in making
home attractive than the possession of a
flock of hens, and the lady who devotes a
portion of her time in that direction will
not only have the gratification of supply
ing her table with fresh eggs and fat car
casses, but there is a pleasure and enjoy
ment in handling the downy little chicks
and watching their progress until maturity.
It requires but a small portion of the time,
and tho work is really of but little conse
qucnce, but when we leave the ordinary
flock and begin the keeping of poultry as a
business the work is too close and arduous
for a lady. Those who have large flocks
are compelled to rise early and work until
ate, and there is always something to do.
The storms of winter and the heat of sum
mer must be endured, and if mistakes are
made all the labor will be lost. But, with
assistance, a lady can manage and direct
the largest poultry farm.
7 it ml Soil.
Many have observed that in some local
ities trees of a special variety abound,
while in the same vicinity other kinds
flourish, and yet none of the kind is found
in another part of the same town. Someone
has discovered that pines and their com
panions, tho birches, indicate a chly, rocky,
sandy, or gravel soil beeches a dryish,
chalky, or gravel soil elms and limes a
rich and somewhat damp soil oaks and
ashes a heavy clay soil, and poplars and
willows a low, damp, and marshy soil.
Many of these trees are found growing to
gether, and it is only when one species
predominates in number and vigor that it
is truly characteristic of the soil and that
portion of the atmosphere in connection
with it.
Tree* Tttcreasitttf in itfa?'ne.
The editor of The New England Farmer,
who recently made an extensive journey
through Aroostook County, Maine,'writes:
On the trip we fell in with Hon. Lewellan
Powers, of Houlton, who is said to own
more acres of land than any other person
in the state his holdings are upward of
170,000 acres. He consented to be inter
viewed and gave much information partic
ularly in the line of the destruction of the
forests. He dissents from much that is
said nowadays about the rapid distrnction
of forests and declares that much scientific
forestry is all wrong. He says that there
is more devastation from not cutting lum
ber at the right time than from the ax, and
that there is no such thing as exhausting
the supply in Maine, which in his opinion
has more lumber now than fifty years ago.
A township of spruce cut judiciously will
grow as fast as it is cut, and some of the
most valuable towns are those that have
been cut within fifty years, while some of
the poorest are those which never had an
ax in them. The spruce worm is only one
of the concomitants of the death and decay.
The old trees, which ought to have been
cut and saved, die and are attacked by the
worms, instead of the worms killing the
trees as is supposed by some. An operator
should have a tract large enough so that be
will cut only the large trees and leave all
of nine inches or less. The only danger to
the forest is in cutting trees that are too
small. A judicious operetor can go over
the same woods once in ten years. The
value of timber lands rests more in their
accessibility to streams than anything else.
The annual cut in Maine is about 500,00(1,
000 feet, and the state can stand that and
not lessen the supply.
Practical Flints for Plain People.
Koast beef is looked upon as a luxury far
beyond the frugal purse. This is true
when applied to the "porterhouse roast"
and other choice cuts, but the cheapest
pieces can be mad very good and tender.
Buy not less than two ribs have the
butcher take out all the bones, roll it up
tightly, skewer it firmly and give you a
piece of suet to lay upon the meat while
roasting. Save the bones. Put a pint of
hot water in ths pan with the beef, roast
quickly the first half-hour. This crusts
the surface of the meat and retains the
juices. Allow fifteen minutes for every
pound of beef roasting. Baste often, for
this, with the steam of the water in the
pan, makes the meat tender.
Under this treatment the cheaper cuts
will prove quite satisfactory. Nor are they
too costly for plain people, for every part
of the meat can be utilized and served in
inviting shape only the bones are thrown
away after simmering for three hours in
two quarts of water. Break them up small,
use cold water to extract their juices and
sweetness, add one spoonful of salt and
keep closely covered. This is "stock,"
of which almost an endloss variety of plain
soups may bo made. Add a bunch of
"soup vegetables" (cost five cents),
chopped, and you have vegetable soup or
a pint of canned tomatoes and you havo
tomato soup, or a spoonful of rice, or bar
ley, or vermicelli, for the different kinds.
All are inexpensive. Never use the "stock"
the day it is made, but strain oat the bones
and allow to stand till the next day. Then
take off the fat that has risen this may bo
used for frying drippings. So almost
none of the beef is lost, and a shilling a
pound even is not paid without a fair re
But to go back to the roast, l'or which a
rich, brown gravy must be made. Having
removed the meat and poured off the fat
(for frying drippings also) set tbe pan on
the top of the range and allow its contents
to scorch just a little, enough to give a
good col then add one cup of boiling water
aud thicken with flour and 6eason serve in
a gravy dish. A small beginning onlv will
be made on tho roast by two people. Cold
roast beef is not to bo despised, served
with, pcrhapB, baked beans, which cost but,
a trifle, and vegetables. Or the meat may
be finely chopped, a little gravy added, all'
covered with cold mashed potato and'
baked and browned in an open vegetable
dish in the oven or it may bo minced and
made with equal parts of mashed potato
into balls, like fish ball, and fried brown
on both sides, in drippings. This is a
good breakfast dish.
It may also bo cut up small and wanned
in its own gravy, and served on toast or
without the toast.
Beans are said to contain more nutri
ment than any other vegetable. Tbe best
white ones aro only 10 cents a quart half
that quantity will fill a two-quart dish
when properly cooked, and half a pound of
salt pork is ample to flavor it. Wash andlook
over the beans and put them in cold water,
using three quarts to one pint of beans
keep them overthe fire three or four hours
set them where the heat will swell and
soften them, without boiling, having the'
pork (washed and the rind scored) in
with them all the while. About
two hours before dinner strain them
through a colander and put them, dry, into
the dish in which they are to bo baked,
with the pork, rind up, in the center. Now
in a bowl pnt one teaspoonfnl of salt, one
half teaspoonful of soda, one cup of sugar
and one cup of hot water. Stir well to
gether and pour over the beans. If yott
cannot see the liquid all around the edgo
of the beans, add hot water till you can.
They are then ready for a moderate oven.
In two hoars they will come oat well baked,
nicely browned and ready to serve.
To make Boston brown bread, mix well
together a cup and a half of yellow corn
meal and the same or rye flour, if ry»
meal is not to be had. Into this put one
teaspoonfnl of salt, a heaping teaspoonful
of carbonate of soda and one cup of mo
lasses (not syrup). Stir cold water very
gradually into this till you have a moder
ately stiff batter, beat it well pour into &
weU creased, three-quart pail, cover and
set in a kettle of boiling water, steaming,
with the kettle covered, at least four
hours. This makes a large loaf and tho
cost is about ten cents. It is very nice
when hot and is good cold.
Corn fritters mnlte a good breakfast dish.
Into one pint of flour put a teaspoonful
each of sugar and royal baking powder,
and half teaspoonful of salt. Into this
put one beaten egg, with milk enough to
make a stiff batter lastly, add half a can
of sweet corn drop by large spoonfuls into
plenty of boiling-hot drippings brown on
both sides and serve very hot. These go
Aell with cold roast beef. —Kalhcrina
(Choice itcfipcs,
[Furni-ihed by II. M. Kinsley, thefnnous Chi
cago Caterer.]
good consomme boil the stock for -several
hours, strain, skim off a'l fat, and let cool.
Chop one pound of lean beef very fine, add
one-half of a carrot and one-half of an
onion sliced, four eggs, shell and all, mix
thoroughly, and stir into the cold stock
season with salt and pepper and let come
to boil, and then strain it through a napkin.
Soak and cook half a pound of tapioca,
which is sufficient for a dozen persons, and
when done mix in one spoonful of the
topioca for each plato required, and add a
little sherry previous to serving.
care afresh prairie chicken, pick it dry and
clean it thoroughly and stuff it with a
bread stuffing, tie the leg3, and put it in the
oven to roast. To have it well cooked it
should remain there forty-five minutes.
—Boil or bake the sweet potatoes, and
when done peel them and bake to a brown
color in butter, basting them continuously.
GKHMAN BEER Sot"p.—Boil a soup bone
with a few vegetables for three or font
hours, then strain off two quarts of the
stock, or as mnch as required, skim off all
fat, and keep it boiling hot. Beat well
with eggs, season with a little nutmeg, and
mix with them a bunch of parsley, chopped
very fine, and stir into this preparation a
large spoonful of grated stale bread. Pour
slowly over this mixture the boiling stock,
stirring it continually, then let it come to a
boil. Remove from the fire, season the
soup with salt and pepper, and it is ready
to serve. Should you prefer the soup a
little thicker, use a larger portion of the
grated bread.
IN*O.—Cool thoroughly a can of asparagus
by placing it in the ice-box for a proper
time. Mix one-third a teacupful ol
vinegar with two-thirds a teacupful ol
oil, a little salt and pepper, a teaspoonful
of finely chopped onion, and keep cool this
French dressing which is now prepared.
Open the can of asparagus, drain off the
liquor, and put the asparagus in a suitable
dish, and pour over it a portion of the
dressing, and send it to the table. The re
mainder of the dressing can be served
—Have the steak cut into suitable portions.
Heat a frying-pan and then put in it
piece of butter, a kitchen spoonful of oil.
and, when well mixed, put in the steak and
fry it quickly—a little rare. Take it from
tho pan and place it npon a hot plate.
Into the same frying-pan, leaving the oil
and butter, add one-half a cupful of gooo
soup stock or meat gravy, one-half a cupful
of jelly, and let all boil for about five min*
utes. After straining off the fat, strain the
sauce over the venison and the dish is ready
to serve. A jigger of Maderia wine will
improve the sauce. Garnish the dish with
small pickles.
Possibly tho reason why, when a red
headed girl appears on the street,
white horse soon makes his appearance,
will have to be sought for in history.
This suggestion is thrown out for what
it is worth. Away back in the early
Greek and Egyption days, red-headed
girls were very justly prized above ali
the members of her sex. Men fought,
bled, and died for their smiles, and
they were quite the rage. Cleopatrc
herself, we are told, was the possesSoi
of an auburn head, and Helen of Troy,
some contend, was equally fortunate!
As is well known, the belief is trans
migration of souls was prevalent, basec
upon reasons not lost to philosophy,
and conspicuously brave men killed ir
battle took the forms, under the smiles
of Jupiter, of white horses. We car
imagine then that when gallant knights
went forth to battle, after passionate
adieus to their auburn-headed Helens
and Cleopatras, and found themselves:
after tierce conflicts with the barba
rians, prancing steeds with snow?
flanks, that memory of their lost love:
dwelt in their equine heads. It maj
be that these fellows in the shape
white horses aro still following red
headed girls around. Of course, it
this prosaic age, no live journal ha:
time to argue such a proposition, bu'
the folks who believe that there are
more things in Heaven and earth thai
are dreamed of in our philosophy.
Horatio, can amuse themselves witi
suggestion. Nobody will deny tha'
the white horse js an animal of taste.—
Macon Telegraph.

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