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Wessington Springs herald. (Wessington Springs, Aurora County, Dakota [S.D.]) 1883-1891, October 03, 1890, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn99067997/1890-10-03/ed-1/seq-3/

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!,r«tcil Divine I'nliit* a Wolidor-
iletiire of tlie Beginning of
Jouruey to the lloly
„...( otl:or Olit Worltl llrKions.
•r.iiiiiMjr*' litis begun a series of ser
|.isrecent journey to tJie Holy
The subject of the first sermon
\ly" first-day in Palestine. The
-I Kings, x. 7: "Tin half was
I |,:xt
i"!(1 "',1'
•P i- iin' lirst sermon in a course, of
J.i'ntii morning sermons on "JiylJe-
",i,iinT.ey through the Iltlv Land
V'i'-rhhorinjr Countries: What I Saw
\Vliat 1 Learned." Out. of the 04.
I 'n iiW of out- present American poptila-
I lie millions of our past only
.'u'i .'i.'idn have ever visited the, lioiy
Vof all those who cross to Europe
I"'1' eent. ever get, as far as
I a:«! less than per vent, over got
Atl'ictis. and less than a quarter of J.
ever fiet to Palestine. Of the
tl'ii!" a quarter of 1 per cent, who
ni lie Holy Land some see nothing
'i',',,-"i |,e noxious insects and the filth of
ioriental cities, and come hack wish
i(t. had never gone. Of those who
Hindi of interest and come home only
-.urnli portion can tell what they have
vri'ii. iie tongue unable to report the
"Vlic rhier hindrance for going to Tal
,..ii»c with many is thedreadfui sea, and
tliiiiish have crossed it ten times it is
inon^ dreadful every time, and I fully
uli |)jU,iiize with what was said one
•I'isfht- when Mr. Beeeherand 1 wont over
j,, speak in XewYork at the anniversary
iii' Seamen's Friend Society, and the
(l, :uyman making the opening prayer
from St. John, "There shall be
mure, sea,'' and Mr. Beecher, seated
sidc me. in memory of a recent ocean
said, Amen I am glad of that."
I!y the partial abolition of the Atlantic
tvciin and the putting down of rail
(nicks across every country in all the
tvurkl, the most sacred land on earth
«iil come under the observation of so
many people who will be ready to tell of
•vliitt they saw that, infidelity will be
iiroMouiieed only another form of insan
ity. for no hottest man con visit the Holy
hand and remain an infidel.
This Bible from which I preach has
almost fallen apart, for I read from it
the most of the events in It recorded on
ilie very places where they occurred.
Ami some of the leaves got wet as the
waves dashed over our boat on Lake
Galilee, and the book was jostled in the
Kiddle-bugs for many weeks, but it is a
new book to me, newer than any book
that yesterday came out of any of our
reat printing houses. All my life I had
heard of Palestine, and 1 had read about,
it. and talked about it, and preached
alout it, and sung about it, and prayed
about it, and dreamed about it, until
my anticipations were piled up into
something like Himalayan proportions,
ami yet 1 have to cry out, as did the
Queen of Sheba when she first visited
the iloiy Land, "The half was not told
1M order to make the more accurate
V-o1.1 li IJ.J.'L' jiuvo 1i writing', a
a life of Christ, entitled "From Manger
to Throne," I -left home last October,
and on the last night, of November we
were walking the decks of the. Seneyal,
a Mediterranean steamer. It was a
ship of immense proportions. There
were but few passengers, for it is gen
erally rough at, Unit time' of year, and
pleasurists are not apt to be voyaging
there and then. The stars were all out
Inn night. Those armies of light seemed
tn have had their shields newly, burn
ished. We walked the polished deck.
Not much was said, for in all our
hearts was the dominant word "to-uior
niw." Somehow the Acropolis, which a
few days before had thrilled us at.
Athens, now in our minds lessened in the
height of its columns and the glory of
its temples. And the Egyptian pyra
mids in our memory lesssened their
wonders of obsolete masonry, and the
Coliseum of Rome was not so vast a
ruin as it a few weeks before had
seemed to be.
And all that we had seen and heard
dwindled in importance, for to-morrow,
to-morrow we shall see the Holy Land.
"Captain, what, time will we come in
sight of Palestine?" "Well," he said,
"if the wind and sea remain as they are,
about daybreak." Sever was 1 so im
patient for a night to pass. 1 could not
see, much use for that night, anyhow. I
pulled aside the curtain from the port
hole of my stateroom, so that the first
hint of dawn would waken me.
But it was a useless precaution. Sleep
was among the impossibilities. Who
could be so stupid as to slumber when
any moment there might start out
within sight of the .ship the, land where
the most stupendous scenes of all time
and all eternity were enacted—land of
ruin and redemption, land where was
fought the battle that made our heaven
possible, land of Godfrey and Saladin,
of Joshua aud .Tesus?
Will the night ever be gone? Yes, it
is growing lighter, aud along the horri
*on there is something like a bank of
clouds, and as a- watchman paces the
•leek 1
say to him, "What is that out
yonder?" "That is land, sir," said the
sailor. "The laud!" I cried, and soon all
our friends were aroused l'rom sleep and
'lie shore began more clearly to reveal
itself. With roar and rattle aud bang
the anchor dropped in the roadstead a
half mile from land, for though Joppa is
Hie only harbor of Palestine it is tlie
worst harbor on all the coasts. Some
times for weeks no ship stops there. Be
tween rocks about seventy-live feet apart
a small boat must take the passengers
"shore. The depths are strewn with the
skeletons of those who have attempted
to land or attempted to embark. Twenty
seven pilgrims perished with one crash
"f a boat against, the rocks. Whole
Heets of Crusaders, of Romans, of
Syrians, of Egyptians have gone to
there." A writer eight hundred
years ago sai'd he stood on the beach in
storm at Joppa, and out of the thirty
all but seven went to pieces on the
'oeks and a thousand of "tlic dead were
washed ashore.
Strange that with a few blasts of pow
?«r like that which shattered our Am«?r
'can Hell Gate those rocks have not been
'iproot.ed and the way cleared, so that
"'eat ships, instead of anchoring far out
It'oin land, might sweep up to the wharf
for passengers and freight. But you
"mst. remember that land is under the
•'uric, and what the Turk touches lie
withers. Mohammedan ism is against
easy wharves, against steamers, against
rail trains, against printing presses,
"Gainst civilization.
As we descend the narrow steps at the
uf the ship we heard the c.amoi
i'Ml ouarrel ami swearing of liltccu or
all diffeivnt In"
others'and "v''.Sljrii',,s
According to Lightfoot, the commen
tator, they laid her out iu state in a "pub
lic room, aud the poor wrung their hands
and cried and sent for Peter, who per
formed a miracle by which the good wo
man came btu.:k to life and resinned her
benefactions. An especial resurrection
day for one woman! She was the model
by which many women of our day have
fashioned their lives, and at the first
blast of the horn of wintry tempest,
there appear ten thousand. Dorcases—
Dorcases of Brooklyn, Dorcases of New
York, Dorcases of London, Dorcases of
all the neighborhoods and towns and
cities of Christendom—just as good as
the Dorcas of Joppa which I visited.
Thank God for the ever-increasing skill
and sharpness and speed and generosity
of Dorcas' needle.
"What is that man doing?" I said to
the dragoman iu the streets of Joppa.
"Oh, he is carrying his bed." Multi
tudes of people sleep out of doors, and
that is the way so many in those lands
become blind. It is from the dew of the
night falling on the eyelids. As a result
of tills, in Egypt every twentieth person is
totally blind. In Oriental lands the bed
is made of a thin small mattress, a
three into a buuti/e and shoulders it, aiid
takes it away. Jt was to that the
Saviour referred when he, said to'the
sick man, "Take up thy bed and walk.''
An American couch or an English couch
would require at, least, four men to carry
it, but one Oriental can easily manage
his slumber equipment.
But I inhale some of the odors of the,
large tanneries around Joppa. It is
there to this day, a prosperous business,
this tanning of hides. And that reminds
mo of Simon, the tanner, who lived at
Joppa, and was the host of Peter, the.
apostle. 1 suppose the olfactories of
Peter were, as e:i«ily insulted by the
odors ol' a tannery as others. But the
Bible says, "He lodged with one Simon,
the tanner." People who go out to do
reformatory and missionary and Chris
tian work must not be too sensitive.
Simon, no doubt, brought to his home
stead every night the mal-odors of the
calfskins and ox-hides in his tannery, but
Peter lodged iu that home, not. only be
cause he may not have been invited to
the houses of the merchant princes sur
rounded by redolent gardens, but to
teach all men and women engaged in
trying to make the world better, that
they must not be squeamish and fastid
ious aud finical aud over-particular in
doing the work of the world.
But reference to Peter reminds me
that we must go to the housetop in
Joppa where he was taught tho democ
racy of religion. That was about the
queerest thing that ever happened. On
our way up to that housetop we passed
an old well where the great stones were
worn deep with the ropes of the buckets,
ami it must be a well many centuries old,
aud I think Peter drank of it. Four or
live goat or calfskins filled with water
lay about the yard. We soon got up the
steps and on the housetop. It was in
such a place iu Joppa that Peter one
noon, while waiting for dinner, had a
hungry fit and fainted away, aud had a
vision or dream or trance. I said to my
family and friends on that housetop,
"Listen while I read about what hap
pened here." Aud opening the Bible we
had the whole story.
It seems that, Peter on the housetop
dreamed that a great blauket was let
down out of Heaven, audiu it were sheep
and goats and cattle and mules and
pigeons aud buzzards and snakes and all
manner of creatures that lly the air, or
walk the field, or crawl the earth, and
iu tho d^eam a voice told hiin as he was
hungry to eat, and he said, "I cannot
eat things unclean." Three times he
dreamed it. There was then hoard a
knocking at the gate of the house on the
top of which Peter lay iu a trance, and
three men asked, "Is Peter hero?
Peter, while yet wondering what ins
drejin meant, descends the stairs and
meets these strangers at the gate, and
they tell him Hint a good man by the
name of Cornelius, in the city of Ctesarea
lias also had a dream and has sent them
for Peter and to ask him to come and
preach. At that call Peter leit Joppa
for t'ajsarea. The dream he had pre
pared hi in preach, for leter learned
by it to reject no people as unclean, and
whereas he previously thought he must
preach only to the Jews, now he goes to
preach to the Gentiles, who were con
sidered unclean.
Xotice how the two dreams meet
Peter's dream on the housetop,Cornelius
Cxsarea. So 1 have noticed
distant events meet,
dream at
iirovidences meet,
droi-ms meet, livery dream is hunt 11%
„p some other drea.n and .n-eiT^nt is
se'irching for some other e\uit. In tn
Fifteenth century (H'-'-i) lb'' great event
was the discovery ol Aiiiein .1
of m-iiitinir, horn the s.tioi
men of
S a a
in desir.. to
but u11
selvM at 'voH it««r
and ontv prices. Twenty boats
The passengers to go ashore.
•iai,i\ having charge of us oushes
i,h hoavy stWfs
would not be
to be th I'"'1' h»t which seems
"f making any im-
of he I, :1,!ill's ""I' way into one
ll' !Ul*
the shore.
fr ,1Kl- -N"W
minutes of the
niinutes we
1! of
•aught by who
We an
tll(" lll,at
V.'iKj to el
tremulous with suppressed ex-
tUemi'ut, our breath is (tuiek. and from
suleo the boat we spring to the
not ,, and Sunday morning. Bee. ].
about o'clock, our l'eet, touched Pales
tine. i-orever to
iy and hour bi
and mine will tiiai
or at a
pre-eminent mercy. Let it be. men
tioneu iu prayer by my children and
cHUUren children after we are gone,
that morning we were permitted to enter
that hind and gaze upon those holy hills I
and feel the emotions that rise and fall
and weep and laugh aud sing and tri
ump'i at such a disembarkation.
of hills one hundred and
fifty feet high Joppa is lifted toward the
skies. It. is as picturesi(iie as it is
Quaint, and as much unlike any cltv we
have over seen, as though it were built
in that star Mars, where a few nights
ago this very September astronomers,
through uiiparaDHoil
snow storm raging. Mow giad wo were
to be in Joppa: Why, this is the city
where Dorcas, that queen of the needle,
lived and died and was resurrected!
Yon remember that the poor people
came around the dead body oft his bene
factress. and brought specimens of her
kind needlework and said, "Dorcas
made this," "Dorcas sewed that,"
"Dorcas cut and litted this." "Dorcas
hemmed that."
The art
New World an Intelligent world. The
Declaration of Independence, announc
ing equal rights, meets Robert Burns'
A man'ii a man for a' that.
The United States was getting too
large to be managed by one government,
and telegraphy was invented to compress
within an hour the whole continent.
Armies in the civil war were to be fitted
out with clothing, and the sewing ma
chine invention came out to make it
possible. Immense farming acreage is
preseuted in this country, enough to sup
port millions of our native born and
millions of foreigners but the, old style
of plow and scythe and reaper and
thresher cannot do the work, and there
come steam plows, steam harrows, steam
reapers, steam rakes, steam threshers,
and the, work is accomplished. The
iorests of the earth fail to afford suffi
cient fuel, and so the coal mines sur
render a suflieiency. The cotton crops
were luxuriant, but of comparatively
little value, tor (hey could not he man
aged: and so, at just the right time,
llargreaves came with his invention of
lie spinning jeny, and Arkwright with
his roller, and McKiuney with his cotton
gin. The world, after pottering along
with tallow candles and whale oil, was
crying for better light, and more of it,
(•and the hills of Pennsylvania poured out
rivers of oil and kerosene illumined the
nations, lint the oil wells began to fail,
and then the electric light comes forth
to turn night, into day.
So all events are woven together, and
the world is magnificently governed, be
cause it. is divinely governed. We criti
cise thingsand think the divine machin
ery is going wrong, and put our lingers
amid the wheels only to get them
crushed. 15nt 1 say, hands off! Things
are coming out, gloriously. Cornelius
may be in Cassarea, and Peter in Joppa
but their dreams meet. It is one hand
that, is managing the world, and that is
(Jod's hand and one mind that is plan
ing all things for good, and that is God's
mind: and one heart that is filled with
love and pardon and sympathy, and that
is God's heart. Have faith in Him. Fret
about nothing. Things are not at loose
ends. There are no accidents. All will
come out right in your history and in
the world. As you are waking from
one dream up stairs an explanatory
dream will be knocking at the gate down
But standing on this Joppa house-top
I look off on the Mediterranean, and what
is that strange sight I see? The waters
are black, seemingly for miles. There
seems to be a great multitude of logs
fastened together. Oh, yes, it is
a great
raft of timbers. They are cedars of
Lebanon which King Hiram isfurnishing
King Solomon in exchange for 20,000
measures of wheat, :.'0,000 baths of oil
and 20,000 baths of wine. These cedars
have been cut. down and trimmed in tho
mountains of Lebanon by the 70,000 ax
men engaged there, and with great
withes and iron bolts are fastened to
gether, and they are floating down to
Joppa to be taken across the land for
Solomon's temple, now building at Jerus
alem, for we have lost our hold of tho
Nineteenth century and are clear back
in the ages.
blanket and a pillow, and when the man harbor south of Joppa. now tilled with
rises the morning he just ties up the
The rafts of cedar are guided into
... what is called the Moon Pool, an Old
uk1 ai!(J ls( !f!SSi With lQng lllkc8 the
timber is pushed this way and that in
the water, then with levers and many a
loud, long "Io, heave!" as the carters
jet their shoulders under the great
weight, the timber is fastened to the
wagons and the lowing oxen are yoked
to the load, and the procession of teams
moves on with crack of whip and drawled
out words which, translated, I suppose
would correspond with the "Whoa, haw,
gee!" of modern teamsters, toward
Jerusalem, which is thirty miles away,
over mountainous distances which for
hundreds of years defied all engineering.
Aud those rough cedars shall become
carved pillars, and beautiful altars, and
rounded bannisters, and traceried panels,
and sublime cciling, and exquisite harps,
and kingly chariots.
As the wagon train moves out from
Joppa over the plain of Sharon toward
Jerusalem I say to myself, what vast
numbers of people helped to build that
temple of Solomon, and what vast num
bers of people are now engaged in build
ing the wider, higher, grander temple of
righteousness rising in the earth. Our
Christian ancestry toiled at it, amid
sweat arid tears, and hundreds of the
generations of the good, and tho long
train of Christian workers still moves on
and, as in the construction of Solomon's
temple some hewed with the ax in the far
away Lebanon, and some drove a wedge,
and some twisted a withe, and some trod
the wet and slippery rafts 011 the sea,
and some yoked the ox, and some pulled
at the load, and some shoved the plane,
and some fitted the joints, and some
heaved up the rafters, but all helped build
the temple, though some of these never
saw it, so now let. us all put our
hands, and our shoulders, aud our
hearts to the work ot building the tem
ple of righteousness, which is to fill the
earth and one will bind a wound, and
another will wipe away a tear, and
another will teach a class, and another
will speak the encouraging word, and
all of us will be ready to pull and lift,
and in someway help on tho work until
the millenial morn snail gild the pinna
cle of that finished temple, and at its
shining gates the world shall put down
its last burden, and iu its lavers wash
off its last stain, and at its altars the
last wanderer shall kneel. At the dedi
cation of that temple all the armies of
earth and heaven will, "shoulder arms"
and "present arms" and "ground arms"
for "behold.! greater than Solomon is
lie re."
But my Urst day in the Holy Land is
ended. The sun is already closing his
eve for the night. I stand ou the bal
cony of a hotel which was brought to
Joppa iu pieces from the State of Maine
by some fanatics who came here expect
ing to see Christ reappear in Palestine.
My room here was once occupied by that
Christian hero of the centuries—English,
Chinese, Egyptian, world-wide Gen.
Gordon, a man mighty for God as well
as for the world's pacification. Although
lie lirst of December and winter, the
air is full of fragrance from gardens all
a-bloom, and under my window are
acacia and tamarisk and mulberry and
century plants and orange groves and
oleander. From the drowiness of the
air and the fatigues of the day I feel
sleepy. Good-night! To-morrow morn
ing we start for Jerusalem.
SQDIIIEFEKBET—Uncle Jasper, we are
just considering the question as to
whether chickens sleep any at night.
What's your opinion Do they ever get
in the arms cf Morpheus? Uncle
Jasper—Well, Squar! Ef that gem
men'a a nigger au* he knows whar dey
ilone roos'. (ley suitingly do git dar, to'
century, goes
rind make the 1 A
out to meet thai disco\ei.. .i.id make thej
Hob* of Drunken Pillager* Attauk 8tores,
Residences and Cltiiens—Diiptrwd Only
Fired ITprni by the Police-Crop
C'liHllttons, Ktc.
Sopt. 25—Three-fourths of this
city has bten swept away by a fire which
broke out at midnight on the 2!td and ragea
wltli uncontrollable fury until late the fol
lowing morning. Heroic efforts Tjrere.made
by citizens of all classes to check the rav
ages of the flames, but with the meagre
facilities at hand no stand could be made
against, tho Are, and it ceased only for lack
of material to attack, having reached the
portions of the city whore buildings were
too far apart to facilitate tho spread of the
Temiblo scenes fit disorder marked tl:e
progress of tho conflagration. Hundreds
of homeless families fled to tho outskirts of
the city with the the few remnants of house
hold goods which had escaped destruction.
Crowds of rioters and plunderers roamed the
streets, attacking stoves and residences and
in many eases pillaging people who were
seeking to save a portion of their effects by
flight. The police attacked these gangs re
pcatediy, but so crazed were the ruffians by
ljquor and the desire for plunder that
they refused to disperse until the police
fired upon them, killing several and woimd
ing others.
All tho buildings on tfronf da tier
streets, back between tho general offices of
tho Panama railroad company to within one
block of the passenger depot, were destroyed.
Tho company's general office was burned,
but tho records were partially saved. Six
teen cars loaded with freight aud several
unloaded cars were burned. All the com
pany's other buildings and wharves were
saved. The company's loss is »oughtly
estimated at $20,000.
representative Jt
the Panama railroad company said: "Our
greatest loss, we fear, will prove to have
been the burning of very valuable records,
which cannot be replaced. Of course the
$20,000 damage mentioned in our dis
patches only means the actual money
loss to our company. The dam
ages to private parties in the city may
amount up to several hundred thousand
dollars. As to the general damage to tho
city we know nothing. Though buildings
down there arc built of wood, there are
many very large and valuable ones. The
fire seems to have swept over the business
part of the city. Probably there is .very
little Insurance, as American insurance
companies have refused to take risks, and
English companies charge enormous rate*.
Much of the real estate in Aspinwall is
owned iu New York city, Isaachs & Asch
who have officeB in the Stewart bnilding
control a food deal of It."
Colon, commonly called Aspinwall in Honor
of the great shipowner of that name, was
founded forty rears ago and has since ranked
as one of the foremost cities of the isthmus.
Though containing a population of but :!,OGO,
the city has been commercially important.
It has a fine harbor with deep water, and was
therefore selected as the northern terminus of
tho Panama railroad, which transfers the mails
of Germany, France, Great Britain and the
United States from ocean to ocean. 1
Leu.DiunaKe by Frost to the Corn Crop
Than Beported.
CHICAGO, Sept. 26.—The following will ap
appear in this week's Farmers' Review.
There has evidently been less damage to
com by frost than alarmists have given the
public to understand. Only late-planted corn
has suffered, and this portion of the crop forms
but a very small percentage of the whole. In
Missouri, Ohio and Kentucky, where the crop
is quite backward on account of too abundant
rains, frost has done no practical damage as
yet, but would be most Injurious were it to fall
heavily before Oct. 15.
Illinois—I-ate corn has been damaged by frost
to the extent of 18.6 per cent in ten counties.
Frost has done no harm in sixty-three counties.
Wisconsin—Very little damage
has been done.
Indiana—Only two counties report damage,
but these put the injury at 8 per cent.
Michigan—On light soils in Muskegon county
frost has damaged corn SO percent. Othei
counties report corn safe and uninjured.
Ohio—Corn is backward in the stato, and
while not yet damaged by frost will not be safe
until the Urst week in October.
Missouri—Corn has not yet been damaged hi
this state to amount to anything.
Kentucky—Corn is very late on account of
too abundant rains, and will not be safe until
the middle of October.
Iowa—Tweuty-six counties report an average
damage of 12 per cent, to late corn. The dam
age is estimated at from 16 to 90 per cent, in
Audubon, Keokuk, Story, Marshall, Decatur.
Sioux, Howard, Mahaska and Cerro Gordo
counties. The frost has ripened com in many
other counties.
Minnesota—Fifteen counties report 10 per
cent, damage to late com. Crop mostly out of
the way of frost.
Nebiaska—Fully 20 per cent, of the late com
in fifteen counties has been damaged.
Kansas—Com does not seem to have suffered
generally. Four counties leport 20 per cent, to
late com.
Dakota—In tho t^wo Dakotas almost all late
com has suffered more or less. Ten counties
report 22 per cent, damage.
Potatoes area very short ciop. From the
estimates of yield, as shown by digging, we get
the following averages of yield per acre in the
different states:
Bu. Counties
Bu. Counties
Illinos ao R2
Wisconsin..51 2B
Michigan.... 78 14
Ohio 45 37
Iowa 58
Minnesota. .70
Kansas 'it
Dakotas ...
Western Packing HtatUtici.
CINCINNATI, O,, Sept. 24.—To-day's Price Cur
rent says: The total western packing for the
week was 186,000, against 170,000 last year and
from March 1 to date 7,760,000, against 5,735,000
a year ago, an increase of 35 per cent. Special
correspondence Indicates a greater prevalance
of maladies now among swine than earlier iu
the season. Packing at leading points com
pare as follows for the season:
Cities. 1890. t8Sll.
Chicago 2.655,000 1,880.000
Kansas City 1,214,000 8M.OOO
Omaha 780,000 M8.000
SiOUX City .'160,000 219,000
Indianapolis 332,000 242.000
St, Louis 207.000 355,000
Milwaukee 206.000 329,900
Cedar Rapid? 237.000 i««,000
Cincinnati 181,000 151.0:0
Wichita 181.000 60.000
Ottumwa 152.000 116.000
South St. Paul i-Jr 115.000 l05.0t)0
Lincoln 74.000 6WJ00
All others 885,000 720,000
Firu Horror at a Wedding Feast.
persons were
fatally burned and nearly thirty seriously
injured at a wedding feast, in this city, only
the bride escaping. At the Invitation of
Fricdrlch Kleesen some thirty of his friends
assembled in a small room to celebrate his
marriage. A liauging lamp in the center of
the room exploded and the burning oil fell
on tho merrymakers. In an instant nearly
all the guests were, on lire, and as they
rushed to escape they communicated the
llames to the others. The bride alone
(iccnpcd fievions injury. lint the bridegroom
ivcs terribly burned.
The K«»'H Condensed lutu Few Sllort
It emu.
Wint.E in Pierre t.he other day old
Fred I)u|H'oc exhibited 2?-ealibov re
volver—just or.st the aire of a toy pistol
—'which ho claims lie fouml under tho
bed .c:i|.icd by Gov. .Mellette when he
stopped at. his house during his memor
able. trip over tho "barren w:ite.'' The
olsl gentleman said: "What did zo gov
ernor oxpuci to do with tin out in
country? Even y.e flies up dare,
would laugh at it.,'' a.ml then the old
Frenchman wuuld lauirii heartily. Ho
intends to keep it as memento of the
governor's visit—unless the governor
isks for it.
iniiiifested in the re­
sult, of the application the supremo
•onrt. for a writ of certiorari asking the
jount.y commissioners of Hughes county
to show their authority for establishing
election precincts and appointing clerks
in the unorganized counties of JCcwlin
-iid. Sterling. This application is for
tho purpose of testing the legality of the
vote in all unorganized comities, and the
'.tion 0)' the euurt is awaited with in
THIJ order of the supremo court in tho
matter of tho application for a writ of
certiorari, catting upon the county com
missioners of Hughes county to show tho
authority for establishing voting pre
cincts aud appoiutiisir clerks in tile uuor
ani/.od counties of Nowiin and Sterling,
is that the petitioners serve, notice upon
tho hoard of county commissioners of
Hughes county to show cause why the
writ, should not issue. Thursday, Oct. 2,
was set for the, day of hearing.
EAII.ROAII graders 011 the Burlington
& Missouri recently cut through a ledge
of carbonate ore ,iu the Hills. Tliev
don't pay any parUcnlai- attention to it,
however, not having been educated as
geologistsor mineralogists, and not know
ing what, it was. Harry Damon, of
Deadwood, came along, saw the ore,
tumbled there was a good thing iu sight
and made ti location.
IN reply to the statement made by tho
press that Rev. Anna Shaw is not an or
dained minister, Miss Shaw says she was
ordained in the Methodist 1'rotcstant.
church that she studied theology in
class of thirty-two young Ken iu a Meth-:
odist-Episcopal seminary, and though
her standing iu examination was as high
as any of them was not ordained by that
denomination because she \yas a woman.
TIIE officers of the state W. C. T. U.
for the coming year are: President,
Mrs. H. Baker, of Huron vice-president,
Mrs. Emma Cramner, Aberdeen corre
sponding secretary, Mrs. F. M. Swift,
Yankton recording secretary, Mrs. D.
M. Myers, Vermillion treasurer, Mrs
Steer, Pierre state organizer. Dr. Nettie
Hall, of Wessington Springs.
SHERIFF HOFKMAX, ol" Beadle county,
lias taken three boarders to the peni
tentiary at Sioux Falls, all having a'sen
tence of one year for burglary. Their
names arc Charles Miller, .John Kelly
and John Moore. The two former are Jold
offenders, aud have not spent a Christ
mas out of prison in the last, eleven
T111: remains of .1. 11. Hopkins were
found Sunday morning in a cabin at Cay
Vilie, in a decaying condition. Tin
coroner's verdict was to the effect that
he died a natural Jdeatli. The, deceased
was an old veteran and the O. A. it. com
rades buried his remains.
COMTAXY from Fort Bennett, under
command of Capt. Vivian, took the train
at, Pierre Monday morning for the lower
Brule camp. It was an escort, for Pay
master Arthur. Air- Arthur is a brother
of the lamented president.
JotiiC W.\t,r,. son of Patrick Wall, of
Potter county, who was sent to the in
sane asylum some mouths agoouaccouiit
of some mental aberrations, has been
discharged from that institution as en
tirely cured.
Tub board of agriculture presented
Secretary Downey, of the state agricul
tural society, with $100 In addition to his
salary. This was in-recognition of his
services in connection with the recent
THE South Dakota board of irrigation
has been in session in Huron for two
days. Their deliberations have resulted
in concluding to receive bids for putting
down teu artesian wells in Beaule, Brown
aud a white woman near
Medary, iu Brookings county, secured a
license and were married last week.
The woman was a widow, and several
years older than the man.
JOHX BROMASS. of Butler. Trail county,
lias just children enough for a bull team.
He lias been married ten years and has
nine children, aged respectively 1, t,
4. 5, 0, 7, 8, and 0.
AKDUEAS DIKKS, of Marion .1 unction,
was thrown in front of his wagon from a
load of grain and both legs crushed at
the thigh. It is thought he will not sur
vive the shock.
L. L. Whitbeck. city editor of the
Deadwood Time* for the past six years,
has severed his connection with that
paper and gone to Chicago.
A itAWAV occurred on tile pontoon
bridge at Pierre, and resulted in break
ing one, of tin* horse's legs. The team
belonged to Frank Keys.
THE South Dakota AV. C. T. U. eliose
the national flower, "tho golden' rod," as
their emblem, the language of which is
faith and courage.
THE Yankton county exhibit at the
state fair at Yankton, recently dosed at
Aberdeen, took lirst prize.
THE engine aud machinery at the
Yankton cement works was in motion
for the lirst time on Saturday.
AT the recent, school election 111 Huron
the women suffragists east. :M0 of the 714
votes polled.
aud Spink counties. The wells must be
six-inch wells and l'nrnish too pounds
OIUGIXAI, package houses^are opening
up rather numerously in Deadwood.
J. II. SAI.MON is a Brunswick, Mich.,
antiquarian. He lias a valuable collec
tion of coins ranging from B. C. to A.
D. 14:
A CI-YEAU-OI.D boy, while lishing in
Wisconsin stream, was pulled out of 11
boat and nearly drowned by an immense
Ax old chief gave his experience of
Indian agents this way: "Sposc agent
heap bad man. heap swear, steal half
Injun blanket, Inimi Hour: sixiso a scut
lovnm Jesus, si est! all.'
He Has Examined tlio ttuine TIioriMigiil.T
and Give* Some of Ills Observation*—H©
Believes the Artesian Supply to Ho Innx
haustlblc —How Best, to Sink Wells.
A. J. Boss, the water expert who has
made a thorough study of the water
question in South Dakota, ha» jie-t re-
turned from a trip through the Jim river
valley, iaken with the. state engineer,
Maj. ired Coffin, for tho purpose of
thoroughly investigating the subject of
artesian irrigation, its feasibilm and
cost. Mr. Ross was found by .1 11 potter
and below gives his opinion on tie sub
jeet which is of such importance to the 4
central part of the state ol" Sout Dakota, I
but it seems the ruler of tin uu\eise
had tho foregoing object in
Some can water by reservoirs, others by
ditches aud others through pipes, so
that tlie cost of material on. the surface
will depend on the location and mode of
"Moisture for the farm lands of the
central part of the state," said Mr. Ross,
"is the most important question' for
South Dakota, to-day, a solution of#
which seems 10 be at, hand 111 the ar
tesian lake underlying that portion of
the state where the rainfall has been the
lightest and where the finest farming.
land in the state is located. Tnere is
not another state in the union that catt
produce better land for general tannins'd
or stock raising than South Dakota.
Xeithcr Is there another state more in
need of surface water supply.
"How much land will the well irri-.
gate?'' J,
"Any one of the wells I looked at will
irrigate from live to eight quarter sec
tions for the first aud second years, after-?,
which they- will irrigate more, as the:
land can be watered in the wiuter and
spring so that there will not, be as much
required in planting and growing sea-•••j
sons. I lind in some localities, where .''
the farmers are able, they are
joing their interests in Unit direc
tion and arc going to put down a well :4
and irrigate their farms .jointly. I11
other places I find the farmers too poor
to do this. In those places I under
stand the loan companies holding claims
011 these lands agree to advance money
to these farmers to bear their share of 4
the expenses of a well. In another part
I And the companies are going to put &
down and distribute tho water over the
land where wanted and charge- tho
farmer a rental for it still another place
where the county is going to vote bonds
to drill wells to irrigate and pay said
bonds by taxes, so that it looks now as vi
if irrigation in central South Dakota
would be a success where it. cannot be
within reach of the farmer himself.
Capital is coming to tho rescue. There
is one great difficulty to overcome in that
country. There are machines of all
makes and descriptions coming in to
drill these wells, Very few machines
have a capacity sufficients on account of
the amount of pipe to be put in. The
contracts are let to owners of these
machines, the wells started and drilled
to various dopths, some receiving
pay for the entire well. Trouble arises,
the well is stopped and some
companies have tried to finish their own-S
well with poor success. Others finish
the well to the required depth. The
company not understanding the business
cannot judge, tho work or tell when it is
finished properly so that the, contractor
can leave it in shape and give a plaus
iblc excuse for any difficulty arising.
afterward. There is a well drilled at
St. La wrence that cost over $5,000. It
was drilled to the water supply, but at
that point the well was tampered with:
so that the flow is very small. Another
one was finished at a small'town cast of
St. Lawrence, was started au 8-incb',
hole and finished a .'J.^-iuch hole, so that,
tho flow is small. These things can bej
overcome by the different companies^
joining their interests in that one point.
and engaging an expert in that business
that thoroughly understands the com
pletion of wells, and have all wells lin
ished subject to his approval. In that-.-'
way it will stop these sharks that al
ways llock to any new enterprise from
experimenting with the money of the
farmers and others that cannot afford
"How about the artesian '•upph
"As inexhaustible as the ocean."
Mr. Ross returns to the valley on the y'
2-tth of the month and will doubtless
then contract to sink a number of wells."

he leveled the. mountains and lilled the
valleys which form the prairies of South
Dakota to place beneath its -m face
supply of water which, win 1 lied 'i!
and properly distributed, would vfi
make the land more produe
tive and valuable than am other
state in the union. Tin1 land located :,K|
over this supply of artesian water is
shaped so that any and all pai is mi be
watered from the supply inn itli tho I
surface. Tho early (•migrant to this
country stuck his stake and let ted liv
house ou his choice of l*ne.lo Sam laud.
His first efforts were successful in tilling :l
the soil. There seemed to have been it
sufficient rainfall to mature all his crops.
He was encouraged with the future
prospects, which- from year to year q:
proved all he had expected, until tho
time when the rainfall had reached the
maximum in 1883 aud 1883, when his
granaries and corn sheds vi.e full to I
overflowing. It was at this time that S]
the soil of South Dakota was ranked
among the first in the union lor produe
in re a in a re it a
and less expense, than any other state.
"But after that period the rainlull •$
decreased until this year so that almost
total failure, of crops of all kinds has v|
been the result iu the section I speak
of. There has been rain enough in that
country tliis year to have matured all 4'
crops, if the ground had been 111 condt- S
tion in the spring, but it was not, and a v|
failure resulted II is remedy is iu irri- wf
gation. -g
"There exists an abundant supply of g.
water that ho may control and water
his field at will. This water supply can r?
be obtained by drilling holes through the
shale formation to the deptli of from 700
to 1,300 feet. Different localities re
quire different depths as the surface
varies 111 elevation- Tho depths of tho
wells vary accordingly. The sand strata
that tho water is found in is supposed to
be nearly level. Tho principal cost of
these wells is the piping or ctstni^ The
shale formation is such that water com
ing in contact with it dissolves and-JJ
loosens it So that it caves in and tills the
hole." I
"What about the cost.-'
'•AboutS3 per foot. Then the pities^
for disributing. tho cost of winch willlf
depend 011 the mode of distributing.'^

-Cl JeU

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