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,i i- I til. I 5 1 I 't:, 'l if •I |fi|p *(0, i'f R# vl ifi THE HERALD. Br BLANK & BLANK. W3Br-INGT0N SPRINGS, SOUTH DAKOTA "'Wt uc $1.00 Per Year, if in Advuc*. ajvUAih^ $2.00 it not In Advance. THE people of California are said to Lave the impression that when Senator Leland Stanford dies he will leave his vast fortune of $40,000,000 to the, State. THE French government is said to spay newspapers 8400,000 in subsidy. That is not exactly the method in this -country. The editors are sent on for eign missions or given lucrative offices at home. A REVOLUTION is taking place in the drinking habits of the Japanese. The rice brandy called "saki," which has been so long their national beverage, is being supplanted by beer brewed after the German method. DAVIS DALTON, the American who swam across the English channel, says that he found the temperature of the water to change six times on his way across, and this added to the cause of the extreme exhaustion he suffered. SOME one has invented an electric mouse-trap. It consists of an electric cage containing cheese. The mice natu rally approach it for purposes of in vestigation, but the instant they touch the wires an electric current strikes them dead. MONEY lenders in Italy used to dis play the money they had to lend out on a banco, or bench. When one of these money lenders was unable to continue business his bench or counter was broken up, and he himself was spoken of as a bancorotto, i. e., a bankrupt. ONLY fifteen cases of insanity in any way referable to the effects of the Johnstown flood have been discovered, and of these seven had been insane be fore the flood and had been restored. Of the eight who had not been previous ly insane two were quite old and one intemperate. Finally seven of these in sane persons recovered under hospital treatment. IN some hospitals in Europe it is cus tomary to allow visitors to converse on certain days by means of a telephone in a waiting-room with patients in the wards, and this arrangement has been found to work admirably, as it not in frequently happens that the nervous state of the patient or the possibility of infection of the visitor renders closer communication inadvisable. JOHN BBOWN, son of John Brown of Harper's Ferry fame, lives quietly at Put-in Bay, O., where he cultivates a small vineyard and fruit farm. He is an old man now, having been one of the prominent persons in the stirring period in which his father figured. He is much annoyed by tourists, who insist upon hunting him up and discussing the exciting events around Harper's Ferry jnst prior to the war. THE sudden, unexpected death of three persons has saved the life of one man. Azero Polley, a West Virginian, was to be tried for an assault on Julia Hester, the penalty of which, in that State, is death. The only witness was the girl herself, her sister and her mother, and all three of these were killed a few days ago in a railroad dis aster on the Chesapeake and Ohio. The case against Polley has, therefore, nec essarily been dismissed. THE maternal instinct of a bird was touchingly exhibited, in defense of her young, a few days ago, in Neuendorf, Prussia. The lightning had fired a barn wherein, for years, a pair of storks had had their nest. The flames soon reached the nest, in which the brood was screaming. The mother stork, with the fire every moment threatening to destry her, refused to desert her little ones,' and heroically spread her wings over them. Thus they and she perished. AN army officer who had been travel ing in the far Northwest says that the largest trees in the world are to be found in the vicinity of Mount Tacoma. Many of them are 650 feet high, and placed alongside the big trees of Cali fornia they would rear their lofty tops more than 100 feet above the tallest of them. There are trees at the base of the mountain, he says, whose fo!iage is so far above the ground that it is impos sible to tell to what family they belong except by the bark. "I wish," he adds, "that some of these prodigious trees could be exliibited at the world's fair." Undoubtedly they would be a wonder ful sight for every visitor. THE record of this year has been such that people wait with a certainty, amounting almost to stolidity, the re port of some serious disaster for every day in the week but there is nn ele ment in the matter that sets one think ing, aside from the recurrences of acci dents. How does it happen that there is so apt to be a coincidence in the character of the crimes and the acci dents of a given day of a given week Why, because a ear, upon a switchback railroad in Pennsylvania, breaks loose, inns down a mountain and kills a num ber of passengers and employes, should another car, nearly ii,000 miles away, in California, do the same thing One can readily understand how the influ ence of example may leau persons whose minds are not well adjusted to imitate ibe crimes of others, but it is not easy to account for the coitietdences which do mt involve volition. AN undertaker's establishment is 1 filwaft ready to attend the burial of an "•A ordinary corpse at very short notice, but when a man requires funeral prep arations of an unusual kind his pru dent and sensible course is to get every thing ready in advance. So thought Mr. Bitter, of Fayetteville, Ark., wlio measures sixty inches around the waist and weighs 500 pouivjs. Knowing that the coffin which a man of his great size would require might, if called for sud denly, tax the lumber yards and under taker shops of Fayetteville beyond their capacity, he has had his coffin built. It is an imposing -structure, with handles for twelve pall-bearers. Mr. Bitter now feels that he i9 ready to go when ever the Lord may call, and is confi dent that while great soldiers and prominent statesmen have had larger funerals than his will be, none of theni have ever had a larger coffin. A LADY of Warsaw advertised in the papers that she was willing to accept proposals for marriage, and. giving a description of herself, she also enumer ated the qualifications she required in her suitor. Among those qualifications she mentioned that he must be the owner of real estate. She received many letters in reply, but one of them was strictly original. The writer said that he possessed all that the lady de sired in her future husband. He was good-looking, he held a responsible po sition, had many friends and was re ceived in good society, and could sup port a family comfortably. As to real estate, he had that, too he was owner of a plot of ground in a cemetery which was large enough to accommodate him, a wife and six children. The lady se lected the writer of this letter from the whole number of suitors. She opined that a young man of his position who had thought of acquiring graves for himself and a large family before he was married was surely worthy of the endowment of her hand and heart. AWAY over in the extreme northeast corner of the State of Virginia is the most curious city ever seen. The en tire corner of the State has for time out of mind been owned by the Franklin family. The land was absolutely of no use, but the part of- the estate under water was good for oysters, the flavor of which made them famous. For nearly fifty years everyone and any one helped themselves to the bivalves. It was not, in fact, until the death of the owner that any effort was made to make any money out of the only pro duct of the property. From that time on the boom in Franklin City was on, until to-day there are a hundred houses. Every house stands on piles, and is from three to four feet above the surface of the ground. The best and most pretentious structure of the city is a huge frame hotel, in which the rates are seven cents a day, with a liberal reduction for permanent board ers and families. One of the most curi ous things are the wells. Most of these are covered with water at all times. It seems quite strange to be drawing pure, fresh spring water from the bottom oi the salt water bay. About I*ong Life. 1 It is no simple matter to state ic terms at all precise what forces are directly connected with the production of hale and happy old age. More cer tainly is involved in the progress than mere strength of constitution. Healthy surroundings, contentment and active, temperate and regular habits are most valuable aids. Hard work, so long, at least, as it is not carried beyond the limit necessary to permit the timely repair of worn tissues, is not only a harmless but a conducive circum stance. It is, in fact, by living, as far as possible, a life in accordance with natural law that we may expect to reap the appropriate results in its pro longation. Civilization is at once help ful and injurious. Under its protect ing influence normal development at all ages is allowed and fostered, while the facilities it affords for self-indul gence are constantly acting in an op posite direction. The case of Hugh Maeleod, aged almost 107, which has lately been published, illustrates in a remarkable manner the truth of these. This man, a Boss-shire Highlander, in what must be the somber twilight of a blameless and fairly active life spent in his native country, still shows, it is said, a notable degree of vigor. He takes a lively interest in the affairs of life, has a good appetite, is generally healthy, cuts and carries his peat for household use, and goes about among his neighbors as of old. His food is of the plainest, though nutritious—por ridge, fish, a little meat and his habit in this and other matters is not un worthy the attention of many who are daily hastening, by opposite courses, the end of a merrier, shorter, but per haps no happier life. Uelieved Part ol' It. Will—A peculiar thing happened tc me the other night. Bill—What was it? Will—I was asleep and the stopping of my clock woke me up. Bill—The stopping of your clock Will—Yes. Don't yoii believe it? Bill—Oh, yes I believe the clock stopped. A MAP by Padre Marchi shows that one of the Boman catacombs occupies an areaof nine furlongs in greatest length by seveu in greatest width. A recent calculation from this map places the area of the entire series of catacombs at sixty times this amount, and the total length of the subterranean streets at not less than 500 miles. This agrees very closely with Padre Marchi's esti mate b.v a different method. He conjec tured that there may have been twenty confraternities of diggers, and that these might have excavated about seventy feet of road and 100 graves every day and this, taking two com plete centuries as the time which the catacombs continued to be used as Christian cemeteries, gives a to^al of 7i miles, and (i,(KU,000 graves—fig ures. however, that Padre Jiiuivhi con bid ered much too small. POPULAR SCIENCE. 1' BY rnOF. J. F. ELSOM. |f A FEW MILES BENEATH THE SEA. Oh, what a study! what meanB of developing the perceptive faculties of the human race, to cipher, without analogy, these vast problems of life and nature! The continuation of the chalk cliffs of England—dear old merrie England—with its accumula tion of wealth, power, and aristocracy —once an abysmal sea bottom like the one to which yog are iqvited to visit in your imagination on this occasion. Away down in these profound depths the ooze had changed to a reddish clay. The results of a chemical reac tion modern scientists are unable to approach in nicety and accuracy, but what is going on ceaselessly in the gigantic laboratories of nature, and this very remarkable product is world-wide in its distribution. Paradoxical and in consistent though it may seem, and wonderful to contemplate, on this sandy, slimy and level plain may be seen the dust blown down the throats of volcanoes and floated by the trade winds around half the circumference of the globe. Here we find the dust from Krahatva, after floating a year in the upper air, and painting a ruddy glow in a hundred sunset skies that painters have vied with each other to produce. Here falls the meteoric dust—the ashes of burnt-out meteors that flew swiftly for a thousand years through the interplanetary spaces— dust that flashed upon the vision of man in the days of the earliest empires aye, "when the morning stars sung to gether" in auld Jang syne—mingled with the cosmic dust newly arrived from its slow journey down through the dark and silent and motionless depths of this mighty ocean, now teeming with its varied forms of or ganic life. We are enraptured, awe-stricken. We stand and gaze out into the impen etrable blackness and chill which rest against us like bodies imbedded in a wall of masonry. Days may pass, months and years, and not a sound comes out of these oceanic solitudes which encompass us. No gleam re minds us that nature is not dead. We stand a thousand years and nothing stirs nothing in these voiceless depths, these vast plains of death, though above us sweep the still ma jestic currents which bring frosts from the pole. This mud which impedes our foot steps is the dust of centuries, which has been gathering since the ocean de scended to take possession of its mys terious bed, an act of died *iKJ$ BITERS of travels and adventure, the lecturer from for lands, and the stereo pt icon carry us along step by step amid the soli tude of the loftiest moun tains,the sandy desert plains, the sterile frig id zones,among populous em pires, amid the noisy clang or of business, the deafening roar of ponderous machines, visit with us prophets, priests, and kings but the treasures and beauties of the fathomless depths of water remain as a sealed book to we terrestrial mortals, and for grandeur and sublimity, awe inspiring wonders and horrors on horrors, all things seen above are not to be compared to what old ocean can show. At the bottom of shallow oceans it seems like one vast plain, whose sur face is unbroken by knolls or any ua dulations whatever. Down deep we must crawl, we cannot walk no dan ger of projections or steppes here no diversity of peak, and gorge, and plateau. On the top of the sandy surface is a slime not unlike what we see on the gravel of the slow-running inland streams. If we are not cau tious we will be mired in the Gfobig erina and the Pieropod ooze—these are rather long-legged words, I'll admit, but one cannot well avoid them occasionally—the results of a precipi tation from the infinitesimal popula tion which have spent their brief lives, long to them, of course, in the sun shine on the surface, perhaps gladden ing the eyes of naturalists and tick ling the palates of their rapacious superiors, a chalky ooze, the accumu lations of countless centuries^ per chance a time that will belittle by comparison the dim cycles of eternity, itself so long foretold. which shut three- fifths of the world's surface from the observation of man. Miugled with this mud are the relics of larger crea tures which have lived in the sea where the snnligh' cheers its popula tion—tc eth of whales, t-iiii rlcs, ear bones of not the accumulations of yes terday, or of a century. These are the relics creatures whose race have out —ter ia whales, the repre sentatives of past cycle- of fetologies 1 history. No changes take place here. Cold and darkness pre-ent decav. Here by the t-ide of the wieck of the last winter are the hard parts of the creatures which dwelt somewhere in the ages before man appeared. Dead ruins of extinct types, I said— nay, these foipis are not all dead the realm is still inhabited. Here are crinoids—paleozoic crinoids whjch have come down through all the ages of geologic history, lying here, sleeping here like inanimate organisms through the centuries, chilled into changeless ness like mammoth carcasses encased in ice, still dreaming of the middle ages of the world. Here are grotesque articulates, perpetuated portraits of the quaint ancestors of the lobster and the crab, archaic fishes whose re tarded development has left them ages behind in the march of progress. Few and widely scatered are these wander era cut of the world's antiquity, and mt' VINES TO BE SHUNNED. How to Distinguish Poinonous from Harm less Shrubs—Poison Ivy and Poison Oak. #J5pfSf¥«SiiSi Vw sonous effects of both the ivy and oak (rhus tox. and B. ven.) are often very distress ing, and so severe as to dis able the victim from work for along time. People could easily distinguish these poisonous shrubs and vines if they would learn the difference in appear ance. Children should be early taught to tell the harmless woodbine from the ivy. They have but to remember that the woodbine or Virginia creeper has five leaves, while the poison ivy has but three. I send you drawings of all three: This vine (the leaf in illustration one-third actual size) is not poisonous. BEAF OF WOODBINE (AMPELOPSIS). Old and young leaves of poison ivy (rhus tox.). The older leaves are bluntly serrated the young leaves have their edges smooth. This illustration shows the leaves and stem of poison oak or poison su mach (rhus venenata). The edges of POISON IVY. these leaves are not notched. The stem is bright red and the leaves are much smaller than those of the com mon sumach. The rhus aromatica resembles rhus tox. so nearlv that it is difficult for a novice to see the difference. This species emits a pleasant odor when POISON OAK. bruised and the berries are very sour. It has no poisonous effects. NOT all the wisdom of the world is contained in books. If you doubt this, go and listen to a nineteen-year old youth while he instructs his pa. PROCRASTINATION may be the thief of time, but it was never known to get anything else. flh( pSSBSS gfsS ill \'V T- 1 2». 2 they have not strayed to greater depths than three and one-third miles. I said before no ray of light could enter here. But a phosphorescent gleam breaks through the wall of night. In yon distant corner is a lisli- like form bearing a curious appendage which seems to serve him as a lantern. It sheds a ghastly glow in the thick ness of tliis solitude. This creature, then, has use for. eyes. Shut out from nature's sunlight, he has a feeble star to himself. His lantern glow reveals the presence of other grotesque forms, without starlight and without eyes. Fishes they are, but stranger than fancy ever pictured. One has a mouth of five times the length of the body's diameter. The mouth of another opens to twice the length of the ani mal's body, with a bag-like pouch that would hold six bodies like his. An other has glaring eyes like a tea saucer strained to take in the thin phosphorescence from his neighbor's lantern. Life is, even here, antique, obsolete life, which the ages have sent by a devious path astray, arriving at our time a million years behind its date. this season of pic nics, vacations, and rambles in the coun y, thousands of women and children, and some men, be come poisoned by contact with or the exhalations from poi son ivy and poison oak. Apropos of this subject, Dr. E. M. Hale, of Chicago, contributes the fol lowing to the Inter Ocean: "The poi ft TEACHES COWS TO BE DEVOUT. Kldcr Slocum and Hi* Tempi* He is 80 years old, and a tottering skeleton. When a Sun man saw him he wore a dirty old shirt, a pair of jean trousers that once were blue, but which age had metamorphosed into a dirty gray, a pair of rusty boots and an old white felt hat, with a waving white tur key feather. His cooper-colored face was covered with a shaggy growth of hair. He stood gazing at the approaching reporter through bright eyes hidden in deep cells. When the low stone wall surrounding the barn was reached the Elder requested the reporter to kneel. Down upon the sod he went beside the brindle cow. This cow the preacher of the sylvan solitude had taught from a calf to be devout. He waved his wand, which consisted of a bayonet attached to a broomstick, answering the dual purpose of Moses' rod and a pitchfork, and the cow imme diately obeyed the sacred signal. The bell tinkled and old Brindle shifted her cud, dipped her horns and blinked her meek eyes, whisked her tail, and first on one knee and then on the other knelt for prayer. After he had passed through this re ligious form he greeted his visitor and examined his credentials to see if he really were an angel and worthy of en tering the temple. They consisted of 50 cents, and the Elder pronounced him irresistible. He led the way then to the dwelling. This is a low, rectangular structure with glass sides. It is surrounded by a garden, and all is enclosed by a high circular picket fence. This, like every thing about the place, is symbolical of a Scriptural truth. It illustrates, the Elder says, the never-ending idea of eternity. There is agate for every point of the compass. In the rear of the house, beside the big gate, is a little one. This illustrates the.truth that "straight is the gate and narrow' is the way which leadeth into life, and few there be that find it." The gates all swing on pivots. This is so that all Europe, Asia, Africa and America, should they make a pilgrim age to the Elder's* Jerusalem, could pass in at the right, walk around the gardeu and pass out at the left. He lives entirely alone. Upon approaching one of the gates leading to the sacred inclosure the El der turned and said: "Put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place wherein thou standest is holy ground." Off went the shoes. The rear of the porch of the temple is a dilapidated blacksmith shop, with forge and every conceivable variety of old iron. Pass ing into the temple, the outer chamber is reached. Then come the iQner cham ber and the oracle. There is an old stove, almost molded in grease and dirt, in the inner cham ber. Upon it the Elder cooks his meat and gets his meals. His chairs he taakes himself. He goes out in the woods and cuts a limb with tripod branches. He saws a board, bores a hole in it and sticks it on. He washes once in a while, too. His waslitub is a barrel and his washboard a cudgel. In stead of scrubbing his clothes he clubs them. The many windows and the five lan terns, which the Elder keeps filled and trimmed, illustrate that the Gospel is light, and that the wise man keeps his lamp ready against a sudden call. His window curtains are cobwebs, which bend under the weight of dust and flies. He is very proud of the fact that he was the first person to solve the myste ry of what to do with flies, by allowing spiders to spin their webs and catch them, and says that he isn't troubled with the frisky little things at all. The oracle is decorated with giddy colored Biblical pictures. The Elder sleeps here in the winter time, but dur ing the summer months he sleeps with his cow. There is also a well-worn Bible lying ope* upon a shelf. Out of it the Elder reads before each meal. This is the only literature that he has ever read. The Elder hasn't always been an ec centric hermit. He was ordained a Baptist minister at the age oi 22, and has filled the pulpits of several country churches. He i-ays his creed is summed up in the first six verses of the sixth chapter of Hebrews. The longer he preached the harder his creed got, until he finally, some twenty years ago, devoted himself to building temples, where he could commune with the Omnipotent. He has inhabited his present one a dozen years. Although the Elder no longer lias a I church, he still preaches. A tree stunip is his pulpit, and the several dozen in-' habitants of the vicinity make up the congregation. The Elder begins his sermons by telling hi* bearers where SBHLX«£b. or~ est Fastness. In the heart of the forest fastness that separates the land of clams from the land of woodeh nutmegs is a circu lar clearing, upon which stands the New Jerusalem of the Bev. William Slocum, Elder Slocum is a hermit minister, and his holy acre is the Gret na Green of the border country. His reputation extends throughout Eastern Connecticut and Western llhode Island. 1 the text can be found. But he neveri reads it. He trusts that ihey will look it up themselves. Occasionally, too, when a cuintrv: preacher wants to take a day off real badly, lie sends for Elder Sl'icum to liil' his pulpit. The-e are state occasions, and the Elder rigs him-elf up ncc rd ingly. He smears his boots "with u. low, clothes himself in a disreputable suit of black, claps a rusty stovepipe hat. of a block of "an ancient date upon his head and issues forth. He i* said to be a gorgeous sight. The Elder calls himself Bobinson! Crusoe, and says that the Lord is his man Friday. He has spells of praying for 1 the sting of death, and at others thinks seriously of joining the colonv on the lixeter poor farm as a spiritual*adviser —JVeie York Sun. Having Cra*y. Witness-An'then Mr. Sims, thar lowed he was a rooster, 'an' strapped on a tin bill.-an' v/ent to pickin' corn I with the chickens. Probate Judge—Probably the ex-1 /isii treme heat made him a uui He'll come out all rieht %il Witness-Next dafhL on the street, an* told Three Hocks. One of the most successful men this country, fortune, and in mabta^iniraV W for strict integrity, recently boys entering a commercial ,-^14 rV dero,l ES5A!?,k,t "-""S wal (i0 008 |flovnvr il Lrld ia Kenevn K* 1 ,., flint ernvy a acting- man li ning without a dollar h?s LS° wide reputation fia in Tforjl •ground tl,„ if they once ran go to ruin. The first was liquor. be made of a young manin^"18 cal life," he adds, "no matter StJ ability, if he drinks." ^hatha .Jh,e .i,ec0Dt* speculation T, foundations of any business „-i \, Kama1 1,1 be tbd of. e««t it or a newsboy selling a dollar's Wo papers, are undermined the moment «T gambling element comes into it 1 _This warning is not likely to effectively any large speculators throng the Companion. But it will »»g3 tens of thousands of lads who in houses, in office and shops are ten rf to invest part of their small earning lotteries or stock gambling. Two wi bearing on this subject are worth l,! consideration. eill A man who as a legitimate brnui reached a controlling position in V„i,| street, was asked just before his (W I if he had known many men outside'fl the exchange make a fortune bv eaml bling in stocks. After some cokL™"| tion he replied: lera| "Not a single one. I have known| amateurs come on the street and large sums by a chance hit Bnttwl ulways persevered, and invariably ended I poorer than when they began. The I business more than any other requires I long experience and carefully trainedl judgment. No novice can master it The other fact is that the profits of I the most fairly conducted lottery in the! United States were so vast that it was I enabled to offer a million and a quarter I of dollars a year for the right to renew! its charter. What chance has the poor shop-boy I or clerk who buys a share in a lottery ticket or speculates in stock, to turn his dollar into thousands as lie hope? against such odds as these? The third rock in the way of the busi ness man was the reckless backing of his fellows. His first duty, says the wise counsellor, is to his partners and creditors. After their interests are se cured let him be generous. A rook, not pointed out upon this chart, has proved the ruin of countless business craft. It is the temptation dishonestly to adulterate or lower the value of the goods sold. A drug, a, machine, a fabric is of the best quality and hence deservedly popular. It* owners are reaping a jmaU but cesto. profit. A little more alcohol in the drug, a cheaper make of steel in the machine, a mixture of shoddy in the yarn, and these profits will be immeas urably increased. But the public is keen of eye and merciless of judgment. The dishonest manufacturer finds his downward road short and swift. His capital of good opinion once destroyed, it never can bo restored.—Youth's Companion. Much! nery'H Wonder-WorR. It is very curious to an outsider to watch the operations of a braiding ma chine, says the Pittsburgh Dispatch. In one factory there are some ten differ ent kinds of machines kept in opera tion. The most curious of all is a ma chine whose special domain is the so called "applique" work. It performs three tasks at one and the same time. When properly adjusted a tiny knife cuts out, according to the pretty de sign inteuded, the figures from the up per layer of cloth, while simultaneously the machine sews these figures on to the layer of cloth underneath—the upper layer being generally of medium thick ness, while the lower ones is cloth the thickest, warmest and most expensive kind, such as is suitable for a lady's cloak. The effect thus obtained—artis tic arabesques, beautifully curvi..6 lines, forming an intricate yet pleasing pattern, lying on the cloth Gladstone'!! Brother. The late Bobertson Gladestone, brother of tbij grand old man, says the Pall Mall Gazette, was perhaps the must noted man in Liverpool in his day, f°r he was a most interesting character. He made a strict practice to visit the fish market every day 'of his life bargain with the fishwives. There are hundreds of stories of his fish-uiarket experiences and many brilliant sallies of wit used to pass between him and the fishwives of the market. He was a terrible haggler about price, but he did it for fun, and it is well known that in the end he used to pay dear for his joke. Imagine an euorutus man, over six feet, with broad shoulders and pi'°" minent. features surmounted by a huge, i'Id-fa hi.med, hall-low crowned farmer's hat. Add to the picture shabby, un fashionable clothes, and you have the late Bobertson Gladstone. Every day he crawled down to Liverpool in a curious little shabby brougham, with one horse, and it used to be a puzzle, like the fly in the amber, how ever such an immense man contrived to get in and out of so dimiuutive a vehicle. For all this he was a very rich man—much richer, it used to be thought, than his distinguished brother, the ex-Primo Minister. Bobertson Gladstone was a powerful and slashing orator and doted on his brother. mi.' underneath —is very pretty indeed. The beading machine, by means of which those most elegant ornaments on a woman's dress, those glistening arabesques of beading, are put on, is another triumph of mechanical genius. The same may be said of the leather edge machine, which does the so-called '".sunbeam" and "rainbow" work, em broidering the shades, which are grad ually toned down or the cornell.v ma chine, which does the cording, and still more so of the soutache machine, which does the simplest and yet one ot the most effective styles of embroid ery.