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"X. LINUS BI-ANK, EDITOR.
VOL.- VIII. NO. 4« BUSINESS CARDS. A. Ml. MATHIA8, M. D. of th« University of Pennsylvania— of 1809), offers his professional services. A full line of Class PURE DRUGS AND MEDICINES. stationery. Toilet Articles. Garden Seed* |S0' paints, OHs. Uliws. Putty, &e. WI'SSINC'l'ON Sl'ltlNttS. DAKOTA. T. TURNER, M.D., I physician and Surgeon, WessniRtoii Springs Dakota. North Side Main Street. Office. H. Hcmeopatliic M. D. C. SHOU8E, I'LANKINTON. DAKOTA. W. MCDONALD, pamphlet, of Information and tto-h K(Ua&..i[ tAu: 4aw«, (bowing How toff K\ Obutiii i'jsteula, Careuts, Trmde/ Mirkt, Cupnwitii mt PRICE: iiDD. tret./ WI™. MUNN A eo./ •k. :tlil ilrudnar. *ew York.. T-H-E M-T-E-R-M-T-I-O-N-A-L-! TYPEWRITER.)^: A strictly first-class machine. Fully warranted. Made from very best material, by skilled workmen, and with the best tools that have ever been devised for the purpose. "Warranted to do all that can be reasonably ex pected of the very best typewriter extant. Capable ot' writing 150 words per minute—or more—according to the ability of the operator. 1^C90ttrQt0it 150 3-Utf Attorney at l-»w amd N«taqr Public Wessnmton Springs, D»krta. runvpyiinciiiK promptly Mid carefully atte.id- (1 Will practice in all Uie Territorial courts Collections remitted as soon as wade. E. C. NQRQYKE OLAWYFR.O Will transact Heal Estate business make collections promptly and practice in all courts in the state. R. FRANCIS, ATTORNEY AT LAW AXI) SOLICITOR OP PENSIONS. CTON Srttisif. H. DAK. WKSfl SC J)T K. COLE, Watchmaker and Jeweler. —Special attention given to fine re pairing, engraving «Jic. Third loor south of Sanborn County Lank, Woonsoeket South Dak. $100.00 IF there are no agents in your town address the manufacturers: THE PARISH MF'CCO., Agents wanted. PARISH, X. STKNOOllAI'llV MMJ TYI'KWR TIX«1 FKfcK. First-class facilities and best teachers. Address, with stamp tor return postage, THE PARISH MF'G CO. Parish, N. Sir Phillip Miller, the great English horticulturist, writiug in 1740, says "The best method to have Cabbages good is to procure fresh seed from a broad every year, for it is apt to degen erate in England in a few years." The above is a simple illustration of the fact that the best seeds will rapid ly degenerate under unfavorable con' ditions. The wise will take heed, there fore and buy their seeds of Ferry & Co., Detroit, Michigan, whose world wide reputation as the best and most reliable, as well as the most extensive seed growers and dealers, is due to the fact that they take advantage of every circumstance of climate, soil, methods of culture, selection of seedplants, etc to procure the best possible seeds and keep them up to that high standard Send your name to the firms address and you will receive a copy of their Seed Annual for 1891 free. New York City ia deeply buried in snow. II Hansborough is Senator from North Dakota. He is a newspaper man and was elected by the aid of Demo crats. The Ipswich Leaflet, a two column folio, published by Willie H. Briggs, is a small sheet showing youthful en terprise. Price, 2acts. per year. Look here! Didn't you tell us that a minority did not amont to anything!1 lhree Alliance men are holding the balance of power in the Illinois legis lature against both the old partles.--Rn ralist. es, and costing the state thousands of dollars without any earthly show of accomplishing the desired result That is economy with a vengeance. The Omaha Bee contains a column article from a correspondent who was atthePineBidge Agency during A gent Koyers brief reign and exoner ated that gentleman from any blame attending the uprisiog of the Indians. The Doctor demands an investigation and will probably get it. The following clipped from the Christian Home published at the Fond lings' Home in Council Bluffs, Iowa, will be of interest to our readers here. "We have just received from Sister E A Sams, Weasington Springs, S. D. a fine picture of the dear boy received by her, from the Home, May 29th 18'JO As we recall his condition when taken into the Home and consider that he is now the loved child of Christian parents we realize that thus "God setteth the solitary in families"and we praise Him that lie gives us a share in this grand work. Rev. IIolp lectured on "Simon says Thumbs up" which means Fashion and Public Opinion. He stated that he was running contrary to these in many ways because he believed them to be devoid of common sense. He displayed his good sense when he re fused to rise and thank the audience for their "vote of thanks" for his ex cellent lecture. It seems very much out of place to pass such a vote when a speaker comes and delivers his lecture aud gets his price. The speaker don't care anything for our thanks, it is our money he wants and when we have paid him that, we have given him all he expects. There are cases when it would be perfectly proper to pass such vote, for instance, when a man comes rod speaks to us without making any charges, paying even his own expenses but when a national speaker comes and delivers a lecture for 850 875 or 8100 per night, how ridiculous it must appear to him for some one in the aud ience to rise and propose a vote of thanks. Publiclecturersdo not receive such votes nor do they expect them. A GOOD IDEA. I?ev. Talmagc ot Brooklyn, N. has some ideas with relation to dealing with the Indians whish will not ele vate him in the estimation of the In dian lovers of the east. His views, however are practical and should be given due weight. The one thiugtobe accomplished is to make the red man work. If nothing else can be found for him to do he should be given a pick and shovel and put to removing moun tains and then bo compelled to carry them back again. The reverend gentle man has evidently seen the noble red otherwise than through the eyes of his admirers, lor he refers to the latter as the great lazy Indian hulks that gather around the railroad stations between Omaha and SanFrancisco begging for whiskey and doing nothing for a live lihood while beneath their feet is land that would yeild excellent harvests if called upon by plough an«l hoe, are nuisances that ought to be abated. Sioux Falls Press. THE INDIAN PROBLEM The question whether the Indian Bu reau shall be transferred from the In terior to the War department is not, in our judgement, a very vital one. On the one hand, it would appear from the contradictory reports from the .North west that the present outbreak is due iintnediatlv to blundering in the mili tary department, while it is indirectly due to political corruption in the Inter ior Department. It is not clear, there fore, that a transfer from one depart ment to the ether will give us peace. What is vital is that the Indian Bureau should be carried on by pacific rather than by warlike methods, that the ob ject to be constantly Kept in view should be. not the subjugation of the Indians, but their civilization and their intermixture with the other popula tions of the S, their treatment as in dividuals, not as tribes and equally that there should be an end put at once to the removal of competent and ex nerieaced agents and the appointment of ignorant and inexperienced agents in their place as a reward for political service with the result of a peril to all the white settlements in the neighbor hood of the agencies thus politically tampered with. A large number ot lives have already been sacrificed and millions of money squandered in this needless war—squandered 1 to provide a place for clamorous politicians. I he administration of Indian affairs should be taken absolutely and forever out of politics. The Commissioner of Indian Affairs, whether his bureau is a branch of the War Department, of the Interior Department, or an independent Depart ment. should have undivided respon sibility in the discharge of his duties and the selection of his subordinates, and authority and power to carry into practical effect all needed reforms and a suflicient annual sum should be voted to enable the commissioner to inaug urate and carry out such plans as may be necessary to irrigate the and lands to which the Indians have been driven to provide them witn education, agri cultural and mechanic as well as lit erary, with such supplies of tools anc« seeds as will help them to become self supporting and to equip au adequate Indian police force, so that the pres ence of the military on the reservrtion will rarely.ifever.be required.—Chris tian Union. We reprint the above for the many sensible thoughts expressed as well as call attention to the one weak point in the article, which is so common with many of our Eastern writers and es pecially those who have never been in anyway associated with the Indian tribes of the Northwest. AVe are in perfect accord with the efforts put forth to educate, elevate, and civilize the In dians. Bui the citizens of the North west do not take kindly to such sugges tions as the one above proposed in which congress is asked to spend money to irrigate land upon which these lazy savages are to learn farming especially when the white settler cannot get the necessary appropriatloas to develope for their much needed irrigation. Eas tern people do not seem to realize that the Sioux tribes are of different mettle and are not as readily civilized as many other tribes have been. We believe the SISIIFISS OF TIIE PEOPLE, FBOM THE PEOPLE, FOB THE PEOPLE." Indians have wrongs, but the citizens and government have rights paramount to these semibarbarians. If the gov ernmentis to keep them as a consider ation for the surrender of their lands let it do so as cheaply as possible upon the Indian reservations. Our government and phil antrophists must not expect to civ ilize the Indians while they are allowed, to keep up their tribal relations, and. receive from the government all they need to eat and wear. Compell them to take land in severality and allow them to select it in a good agricultural district if they are to bt farmers and if1 stock raisers then the reservation lands leit them are suflicient and no more arid than that upon which the white settlers are striving to build up homes and who would appreciate the assist ance given them. Give them schools and religious institutions and do all that can be done to civilize them, but make no appropiations of any kind so long as they keep up the tribal relations, Make them full fledged citizens when they live as we do and earn their living without aid from the government, un til then confine them to their respective reservations and allow none of them to leave it under any circumstance. It is not necessary for them to do so while the government supplies all their needs. When they give up their adherence to their chief aud take upon themselves the privileges and respon sibilities ot citizenship, then and not till then allow them the privilege oi stepping upon the land ceded to the government. The government must get out of theawkward position of con sidering them as its wards and at the same time making treaties with them as with another nation. ELI ON THE TARIFF. Melville Landon, better known «s "Eli Perkins" thus talked to a reporter of the Minneapolis Tribune about tar iff and the Nebraska sugar industry. "The present tariff is having a dread ful effect," said the humorist, with a sarcastic twinkle in his eye. "I've come all the way from Pautuxet and Providence on the Merrimac through Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Kansas and Nebraska, and I'll tell you about it. On the train going to Wale. Mass., where they make jerseys and knit goods, I meta Boston business man. He was all broken up. lie fair ly cried as he told what a misfortune the McKinley bill was to the country. 'It has ruined my business, he said." "What is your business I asked. "I am a Boston importer, sir."he said "One of the largest in Boston— used to send $2,000,000 a year to Chemnitz, Germany for jerseys and knit goods and now our business is ruined. We can't import these German goods any more." Well, what are you going to do a bout it?" I asked in deep sympathy. "Do" he said "why, WESSINGTON SPRINGS, JERAULD COUNTY, SOUTH DAKOTA, FRIDAY, JAN. 30 1891. NO- 410 Mid New York importers can't send $6,000,000 every year out of this coun try, but are compelled by this miser able McKinley bill to spend it here tend build up miserable American man ufactures. It is sad and I actually shed tears of sympathy for this patriotic lhiporter." "But the worst of all" continued Eli almost tearfully "the worst ©fall is the Way those criminal farmers down in Nebraska are making white beet sugar and ruining the Eastern importers. The Christian importer used to send out §50,000,000 to Germany and Cuba every year for white sugar. Now what do you think this rascally Mc Kinley bill has done Why it lets com mon black sugar come in free and pays a bounty of 2 cents per pound for home made Nebraska white sugar. And what is the result? Why these rascal Nebraskaites, backed by the wicked farmers have shipped expensive mach inery from Germany, put in thousands of acres of beets and are now turning out 200 barrels of white sugar a day. Ye&, more, they have corrupted all that Platte River country and they are put ting up sugar machinery at Nortolk, Lincoln, and Sioux City, Iowa. Next year they will take millions of wheat and corn land ami cover it with beets. More wicked workmen will flock there they will raise the price of wheat and corn and meat in this country and keep 950,000,000 a year from going to Ger many and Cuba. Oh, it is awful how that dreadful McKinley bill is ruining this country! And then bye and bye when those wicked Nebraska farmers all get to making sugar instead of Wheat, why sugar will go down and wheat will go up, and then those sweet Christian importers who live in brown stone houses in New York will have to handle American products or starve. Poor importers! What wicked, selfish American manufacturer and farmer they are who want to make everything cheap in the country and starve those poor European monarchs!" and Eli groaned and wiped his eyes with a red bandanna. "But where will all this end." "It will end In wicked manufacturers makers of fine liaen, oil, wool, glass. Cotton, silk* clay. wine and tobacco tfpringlngup all over the country. The poor importer will be frozen out, the 9600,000,000 now seat to Europe will be expended here, farm products will be eaten up here, money will be flush, land will go up and the wicked American farmer and rascally manu facturer will become rich, while the poor patriotic Christian importer and bis friends, the monarchs will starve. Yes, Pm down oathis wicked McKin ley bill. You hear?" FOUR TRIAL NUMBERS. with great premium offers, on receipt of Ten Cents,and married and I am going up to Ware and I've got to make terms with those Ware yankees to make these things." "And you'll spend the $2,000,000 in this country will you?" "Yes sir—compelled to keep it. in America." "Well that is terrible," I said. "Itis an awful shame that you noble Boston "",•1 ...I...UI.1 L. Ijjlll addresses of ten Ladies. Only fifty cents a year. Best monthly in the world, for the price. Addsess. Woman's Work, Athens, Ga. Montana, Oregan and Washington Colonists for Montana, Oregon, Washington or British Columbia points should take no other line than the Northern Pacific Railroad. This railroad, with its main and branch lines, has brought into com munication with the east all prominent sections of the great northwest. It is the only line traversing Montana and Washington. It is the only line run ning through trains from the east to through the state of Washington. It is the short line from St. Paul to Butte city and Helena, Mont., Spokane Falls, Wash., and Portland, Oregon, and the only all frail line to Tacema and Seattle, Wash. Under present car arrangements Pullman sleeping cars and furnished tourist sleepers are run via the Wis consin Central, and Pallrnan Palace Sleepers via the Chicago, Milwankee & St. Paul, and Northern Pacific from Chicago through to the t'acific coast without change. In addition to this service the Nor thern Pacific runs on" its through ex press trains regular day coaches, din ing cars and free colonist sleepers from St, Paul to Tacoma and Portlond The .Northern Pacific line allows the holders of second class tickets to stop at Spokane Falls, Wash., and at all points west thereof, ten days at each place desired. This will enable set tlers to thouroughly examine all lands for sale in the new state before select ing a permanent location( No other line offers holders of second-class tic kets an opportunity of examining all sections of this great state without the payment of additional fares of from $5.00 to $20.00. For maps, time tables and illustrated pamphlets, or any special information desired, address your nearest ticket agent, or CIIAS. S. FEE, Gen'l Pass, and Ticket Agent, St. Paul, Minn. Have Snccumbed to Military Rule, so bare High Prices at ALBERT & VESSEY To The Policy Of Resp't'y, Albert ALOLNFL?R LOELLA H. BLANK, ASSOCIATE. I and Small Profits, W are Giving Spe cial Bargains on. all Winter G-oocLs. Do you want Dry-Goods Groceries Boots, Sheos, Mittens, Gloves, Nick-Nacks, or Chewing-Gum? We Have Them. Come and See. We also wait yon FBESH URSiLfED totter. Be is dree from dirt an| dnst^ .. THROUGH SPECIAL ARRANGEMENTS The Wessington Springs Herald AND: The Northwestern Agriculturist, BOTH FOR ONE YEAR, Catalogue for 1S90, or General Catalogue for 1801. $2.10 For Salter's Fall Catalogue, Salzer Seed Co., LaCrosse, Wis. & Vessey. and A DUE BILL FPU ONE DOLLAR'S WORTH ot FLOWER, VEGETABLES, GRAIN or GRASS SEEDS, Bulbs or Plants, to- be selected from the JOHN A. SALZER SEED CO.'S Fall SEPERATELY THEY COST B^~This is one of the greatest combination offers ever made by reliable publishers, and to many, may seem impossible but the tact that it is offered by us, together with the publishers of The Northwestern Agricul ur ist and the John Salzer Seed Co., of LaCrosse, Wis., fie most extensive frowers and dealers in seeds, etc., in the West, is sufficient to guarantee its fulfillment, Sample copies ot THK NOKTHWESTKRN AGRICULTURIST sent on application to publishers, 654 Temple Court, Minneapolis. jmui Afrtffcfet M. $3.50. 1890. (now ready) write John A. rmht 1.-I.L •./j1* t,T I I A ."If. a'f, r% I I ana fetch tt i'v