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Wessington Springs herald. (Wessington Springs, Aurora County, Dakota [S.D.]) 1883-1891, February 06, 1891, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn99067997/1891-02-06/ed-1/seq-3/

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BOOMING CANNON.
T1)E
1IS
BK IN
OI' STIRRING INCIDENTS
CA Ml'AN1» 13t BAXTLK.
r9 of the Rebellion Belate Atmis
"Mlf*
Hn(|
Startling Inoiilwta of "Weary
Marches,
ences, iw«l "»uio Scenes.
of "The I/OcomotiTo Steal."
,V COL. ALEX. DUKE BAJLIE.
The absorbing story of tl»3 unparal
leled enterpii is told in detail by the
Reverend William Pittenger, one of
the survivors, in a volume entitled
"'Capturing a Locomotive."
No romance contains more of danger,
pluck, resolution, endurance, suffer
ing, gloom and hope than this truthful
acronnt of an actual occurrence in our
War of Rebellion. It does not detract
from the interest of the story that the
author of the book is not fully informed
js to the origin of tho enterprise, and
is not strictly correct as to its purposes
and their importance.
The adventure he describes was the
second tliat was planned, both of which
erroneously assumes "were inaug
urated uuder the authority of General
Mitchell for the purpose of enabling or
facilitating the capture of Chattanooga
by that ollice.r.
The facts aro as follows: The rebel
line, extending in the winter of 1861-62
from Columbus, on the Mississippi
fiiver. to Bowling Green, Kentucky,
was broken in the center by the capture
of I orts Henrv and Donelson, and the
enemy was forced to fall back. The
main body from Bowling Green retired
via Nashville through Middle Tennes-'
tee to the south of the Tennessee River.
General Halleek, adhering to his in
terior line, moved. his troops up the
Tennessee River in March, with a view
to breaking the new line the enemy
nad established, or was about to estab
lish, along the Memphis and Charles
tou Railroad.
who with the Army of the
Ohio had seized Nashville in the latter
end of February, 1862, and was about
marching westward to joint Grant at
savanna, on the Tennessee, was not
•Inch led the rebel forces from the
sast and south to his flank, and also
co connected them with Corinth,
against which Halleek was moving.
the spy Andrews, who was in Buell's
iwT)1Cei represented, early in March,
that with a party of six trusty
uieu he could destroy the bridges
otween Chattanooga and Bridge
port, and also the important bridge
'^ennos8ee at the latter place,
thus effectually prevent the enemy
•10m using that route either to re-en
'orce Corinth or return to Middle Ten
nesse.
-The services rendered by the spy
iiarews had not been of much benefit
0
«uell, and the General did not en
S"1? proposition but in conse-
lucent ?1!1.7
U'e
r.v,
?w 'V"r.n,y
L, f.
Camp Foragluff Experi­
tlie 7th of f"re-
Marietta. Ga., capture a locomotive iect
run north, destroying en route the
for citizen's dress, and deceived
Marietta
took 1
a
assage on the north-bound
train about daylight next morning,
ami when the train stopped for break
fast lit a station called Big Shanty
they quietly uncoupled the locomotive
and three boxcars, and started at full
sm'cd up the tiack.
Pursuit was made as soon as pos
sible. The adventurers met with un
expected difficulties and delays, and
after running about one hundred miles
were compelled to abandon the train
and scatter in the woods. The sur
rounding country was aroused the
fugitives were hunted down, and all
were captui ed and imprisoned.
After some months Andrews, the
leader, and seven others were tried by
flmrt-marlial and hanged, and eight
made their escape. The remaining
MX were
exchanged in the following
.March.
confidence and
ugeney of the spy, he finally directed
chief of staff, Colonel James B.
to confer fully with Andrews,
anil
ills
The
confer
use his discretion as to authoriz
ed organizing tho enterprise,
chief of staff, on the strength of
nurews' assurance that an engineer
Qning a regular train over the road
as in our interest, and would use his
eoniotive for the purpose, sanctioned
arranged the undertaking.
,vel!eral Mitchell was directed to fur
1 men,if volunteers for tha service
Anl1 ^,e f°unl. That is all General
tei'pris 'k® original en-
flr^cr^with
is given a copy of a letter
general Buell on the subject, and

!ll 1J
can be stated that General
li J1"6* only of the first expedi
—the one he authorized. The
wifu
8ent
*y
"l'tii 1
General Mitchell,
Buell's authority, was never
Reported:
•|\, SARATOGA, Aug. 5, 1803.
ii.*?"SrH' Thomas, Adjutant General
S,atus
Army, Washington, D.C.:
4,110
'.'i !..1'.? 1 ,.SL'°
^Clai Gazette of the 21st
a
report of Judge Advocate
rivo Holt, dated the 27th of March, rela
J0 "'.ln expedition set 011 foot in April,
tin"!
uor
l'l{'
authority and direction," as
ol,,,. ""''1' says. »of Gen. O. M. Mitchell, the
nic'it which was to destroy the commu
uv,:,.,!""/"1 the Georgia State llallroad he-
Atlanta and Chattanooga." The
on foot" under my
expedition was ^set
authority: the plan was arrangelTbetweim
Mr. Andrews who,,, I had ).. impioyinent
*"°n
ll
1
f,5r
assuming command in
Ch,c*
of
staff. *1.
w..'.""!.,Bw,t
sa" tl,!,t
Afiril, 1802,
Gen. O. M.
Mitchell, U.
S. Volun
teers, com
manding in
Middle Ten
nessee, or
ganized a
a
comlpand
'J'wrnty-two of the party assembled Mitchell, with no enemy to oppose him,
011 Friday evening. April
was
neMeee,
atnes
ral
Mitchell had nothing
to do with either its conception or cxecu
',«nhlfP

,f"rnlsl'
from
hi«
command
took 1an
lt-
Ho was
dlioUed to furnish six: Instead of that lie
lnl'ti- 'T°'
Hafl
w'"ld 1,:iv«
mfo"'i«d
to tlio
instructions given him it would have In 01
better: the chances of success wrul have
uesn greater, and in any eventseveral lives
boon saved. The report speak*
of the plan a« an emanation of senilis, and
of the results which it promised as "abso
lutely sublime." It, may bo proper, ther..-
tills statement is made for
the ako of trulh. and not to call attention
to the extravagant, colors in which it lias
DI'on presented. Very respectfully your
obedient servant, ]). c. Itl.Kr.i,,
Major General.
It appears from Mr. Pittenger's book
ml*, ItO tr 1 I il 1
but
thai the party assembled at Atlanta,
to find the engineer on
•whose cooperation the enterprise was
based gave it up, and all the men made
their way safely back to our lines.
A Hit W VU( JliUCtJ*
twenty-four Tins terminate! tlw effort to destroy
men to steal
into the eue
y' lines,
biitlges west of Chattanooga by cap
turiug a locomotive. In relation to
the merits of this scheme it may be
assemble at' that at the time perhaps the ob-
was
cover.
"jiluos aul telegraph between the J-li® risk to the men engaged, but at
,,lav: of rapture aid Chattanooga.
The ex 1 edition was suggested and
•niKluctod by •). J. Andrews, a spy.
•['l,o soldiers volunteered for the ser
tice. in tl were told the nature and
imn-o.-c of ic. They were armed only
Viih revolvers, exchanged their uni
for
tiio
sufficient importance to
probabilities of failure and
best the undertaking was hardly com'
mendable. Buell, basing no plans on
the success of it, marched with the
main body of his army for the field of they buried.
Shiloh without knowing the result. battle,
The destruction of bridges between
Marietta and Chattanooga would not
have enabled General Mitchell to take
the latter place. If his instructions
or the military conditions had justified
him in an attempt to capture Chatta
nooga—which they did not—the pres
ervation of the bridge over the Ten
nessee would have been important to
his success. The enemy had only to
burn the structure, as they did when
Mitchell's troops approached it April
29, in order to check an advance «i
Chattanooga. Furthermore, if Mitch
ell's party had succeeded in burning
bridges between Marietta and Chat
tanooga, that would not have pre
vented the re-enforcement of the
latter place, as the regular
railroad route through East Tennessee
was open and in the enemy's posses
sion, and it was from the east and not
from the south, where there were but
few if any available troops until Cor
inth was evacuated, that the place was
most likely to be re-enforced.
Mitchell's bridge-burners, therefore,
took desperate chances to accomplish
objects of no substantial advantage.
Judge Advocate General Holt probably
had not examined carefully into the
military aspects of the subject wlieu
lie reported of this enterprise, in 1868,
"In the gigantic and overwhelming re
sults it sought and was likely to ac
complish, it was absolutely sublime."
*nmindful of the advantage of break-! strange that Mr. Pittenger his book
»'g, west of Chattanooga, the railroad I
Gen. Mitchell made no such claim.
In fact, seeing, as he no dpubt finally
did, the insufficiency of the object, and
the completeness of the failure and its
deplorable consequences, he never
made any report whatever of the oper
ation
When Andrews returned early in opportunity offered, the troops sought
April, he fonnd General Mitchell in out and buried their own dead, setting
iio enemy's troops and people. .l^uell's absence. General 1 but burying the unrecognized in
advancing through Middle Ten-
and occupied Huntsvillo, on
the Memphis and Charleston Railroad,
on Fiidity, April 11.
Mr. ittenger says Mitchell's pur
pose was to capture Chattanooga. Ap
propriating the idea of bridge burning,
Mitchell, ou April 7th—the last day of
the battle of Shiloh—started a party of
twenty-four men under Andrews to
capture a locomotive and destroy
bridges south of Chattanooga, between
It is not strange that when tho men
in this affair were captured they en
deavored to have the enemy treat them
as prisoners of war, but it is rather
8llould
wa?
chum that their only offense
that of
?c1ce?*in.6
a
be a regularsoldierof
fmind
dangerous
service proposed by their own omcers,
and complain that the rebels treated
them as spies. They were soldiers
who stripped off their uniforms and
went into the enemy's lines to war
against him in disguise.
Mr. Pittenger maintains that as they
did not "lurk" about the enemy's camp
for the purpose of gaining information
they were not spies. This plea is
technical and feeble nor i3 the argu
ment that the rebel partisans and
guerrillas came in citizen's dress with
in our lines of any material weight in
this connection. We are convicted on
these points out of our own mouths.
Our authorities say "a spy is punisha
ble with death." "A person proved to
the enemy's army,
in citizen's dress wi:hin the lines
found in citizen's dress
of the captor, is universally dealt with
as a spy." "Armed prowlers, by what
ever names they may be called, who
steal within the lines of the hostile
army for the purpose of robbing, kill
ing or destroying bridges, roads or
canals, or of robbing or destroying the
mails, or cutting the telegraph wires,
are not entitled to the privileges of the
prisoner of war."
Mr. Pittenger has given probably
the most thrilling story of the rebel
lion, but his heroes, noble and daring
as they were, still were, by the rules
of war, marauders and spies who
knowinglv and voluntarily bet their
lives on "a desperate game and lost.
Only eight of the twenty-four were ex
ecuted. Instead of blaming the winner
for taking one-third of the stakes, Mr.
Pittenger should have recorded his
gratitude to him for not enforcing his
right to the other two-thirds.
Wouldn't Take a Mean Advantage.
Jones had got mixed up in a duel,
and had already taken his position and
was waiting for the signal to fi'e, when
he suddenly noticed that his antagonist
was more than aldermanic in his pro
portions. Feeling that this gave him
an undue advantage, he whipped a
piece of chalk from his pocket, rushed
over to his opponent, rapidly tracing a
circle somewhat the size of an ordinary
human stomach and called out to the
seconds, "Gentlemen, take notice that
if my ball strikes outside, this mark it
doesn't count."—Judtje.
ISurylng l»eal.
r.y AN OLD VICTEP.AH.
and but comparatively few with leisure
to bury them. For after a battle the
beaten army usually withdrew as
quickly as possible and the victorious
army, eager to pursue, left as small a
force as possible for the burial, even
when they left any force for the pur
pose. Kometimes a part of the work
was committed after the battle to the
farmers of the neighbo hood to do.
This happened seveial times, especial
ly in Maryland and Pennsylvania. It
was said that the farmers received
from $10 t,o $15 for each body
near Nashville, and reported the names above those they recognized,
Immediately after a
or even during a battle, if
3
a
that place and Marietta. No excep- burial was thus merely a thin covering
tion can be taken to Mr. Pittenger's
graphic account of the failure of that
effort, but he and the Judge Advocate,
General of the army and the South
ern newspapers appear to have at
tached undue importance to tho object
of it.
each. When all this was done there
remained the greater number of the
dead, the absolutely unrecognized, of
fiiend and enemy alike. These were
placed in long rows, Federal* separated
from Confederates, and were counted.
If there was time they were buried in
their rows beneath two or three feet of
earth. But if there was not time for
this a shallow treuch was dug at the
feet of each row, and earth from the
trench was tossed over the dead. The
of fresh earth, which the first heavy
rain would be likely to wash away.
The shallowness of this interment was
also aggravated by the distortment
and rigid pose of the limbs of many of
the dead, so that it frequently hap
pened that when the burial party were
through with their work, arms and legs
of the dead would still protrude above
the earth. It was no unnsual thing
for the troops when marching again
over one of their former battle grounds
to see skeleton limbs thrust out of tl-o
grass, with some shreds of clothing
still adhering to them, or a skull sur
rounded by wild flowers, with the
brass lettering of the cap oxidized on
the poor, bony pate, as the cap had
rotted away and left' its metal adorn
ment.
Two of the most notable armistices
to bury the dead of which the Army of
the Potomac had experience, were that
in December, 1862, after the battle of
Fredericksburg, and that in .Tune, 1864,
during the battle of Cold Harbor. In
the- former case most of the dead vore
the blue, and the burial was done by
an immense detail, consisting of one
man from every Federal company that
had been engaged, the detail crossing
the Rappahannock and working under
a flag of truce, surrounded by an inter
ested, and, indeed, sympathetic crowd
of Confederatss. The truce at Cold
Harbor was sought by the Confeder
ates, and the greater number of dead
who lay between the opposing breast:
works were theirs, chiefly of Beaure
gard's command. On this* last occasion
both sides mingled in the greatest
friendliness, and both seemed loath,
when tho dead were all buried, to goat
the murderous work of war again.
"The Rock of ChlckainauBa."
ENERAL GEO. H.
j-Thomas is about as
well known by hi*
soubriquet of "Tho
jfliock of Chicka
mauga" as "Stone
wall" Jackson is by
the one that clings
to him. No doubt
most persons under
stand that "The
Rock of Chicka
mauga" as applied
to General Thomas
refers to his moral qualities, his im
movable firmness as a soldier, etc.
But it seems some have given it a lit
eral interpretation. Some time ago
Miss Bansom, tho artist, painted an
elaborate picture of General Thomas,
intending to sell it to the Government.
She represented General Thomas at
the battle of Chickitmauga. When the
painting was finished the lady invited
several officers who served under the
General to visit her studio and give
their judgment. The astonishment of
the visitors was great when they found
that the lady had perched the General
upon a big boulder. In a gentle way
they tried to. explain to Miss Ransom
that she had misunderstood the refer
ence to "The Rock of Chickamauga."
Tliey told her that General Thomas
did not stand upon a rock. But the
lady insisted that she was right. She
said that she had been to the battle
field of Chickamauga, and had seen
the identical rock upon which the
General had stood, and which she had
painted in the picture.
General Wilder, an Indiana man,
who commanded a brigade in the bat
tle of Chickamauga, is about to locate
a real rock of Chickamauga in memory
of his old commander. General Wild
er is now interested in a railroad be
tween Lookout Mountain and Craw
fish springs. He has arranged to
transport from Lookout the biggest
boulder which he can carry on car
trucks. This boulder is to be set up
at the spot where General Thomas
stood while the successive charges of
the Confederates wera beaten back
from Snodgrass hill. Upon the boul
der will be inscribed these words only:
"George H. Thomas, the Bock of
Chickamauga."—Indianapolis Jour
nal.
THE man who declaims againBt rail
roads, and says they ought to bewiped
out, makes the biggest kind of a fuss
when his train is five minutes late.
WETTING DOWN LAND
FACTS AND FIGURES REGARD
ING DAKOTA IRRIGATION.
It Will Incronan Local Showers nntl Kqtial-
lM
HE bnrial of th*
dead on the battl®»
field was not elab*
orate. In the first
place some of it was
Id on during the
fighting and under
lire. Then there
was never much
time to spare for
this work there
would ordinarily be
a great many dead
tlio Climate, ami Aim Make Um
Farmer*, Herdtri i.nd Land Owners
Spetdily Itieli.
All are deeply interested in the
solution of the problem regarding the
irrigation of South Dakota lands. At
first glance it may seem that it is sn
perflous to point in detail tho advant
ages that would secure to the state if a
general system of irrigation were in
operation. A little reflection, however,
will make it apparent that, as such a
system must necessarily be very ex
pensive, a clear and correct knowledge
of its benefits is absolutely necessary be
fore we can safely answer the very im
portant question, Will it pay?
The question is answered by Prof.
Culver, of the Vermillion university, In
the Sioux Ksvlls He says:
'To be able to make it rain from the
earth when the clouds fail is certainly a
grand »ower, and the one which the farmer
would appreciate most doubtless, yet It by
no means expresses the whole value of a
good systen. of irrigation.
Lot us specify Lrletiy what, these advan
tages are. And iirst let me say there are
some things irrigation will' not do. lt will
not materially change the climate. Nor
will it incroase to any appreciable extent
the annual rainfall. It will have some ef
fect, however, on the distribution of the
rainfall by tending to equalize it. IOvery
observant man must have noticed the ten
dency of small 'local showers' to follow the
course of a stream, and that the rain fall
is thicker in the neighborhood of a stream,
lake or a body of timber. The cause is
this: A body of moist air—its vapor con
densed into clouds in the upper
portion—is moving over tho country. In
the center of the mas» precipitation
begins, and streamers of rain may be seen
hanging from tho moving clouds, but so long
as the cloud is moving over the dry prairie
tho rain fails to reaeh tho earth, or at best,
falls only in scattering drops. When, how
ever, tho cloud reaches the vicinity of 11
stream or other region from which a column
of vapor is raising Instead of having its
precipitated moisture dissipated in the
thirsty air,, it receives the re-inforccmcnt
mentioned and comes down handsomely.
When the body of moist air spoken of is
several miles in extent and tt crosses a river
in a diagonal direction, the precipitation
begins where the moist air first, reaches the
river and spreads to the right or left as
successive portions of the moist air come
into the region aifected by the river. The
shower thus appears to move up or down
the river, when in reality the storm Is mov
ing straight across it. Now any region
from which copious evaporation is taking
place will act just as the stream docs.
A system of irrigation largely increases
the evaporation of the irrigated region, be
sides multiplying small steams and eventu
ally enlarging those now running. Many
depressions and low places will be turned
into small lakes by the waste water. These
will all act as present streams do. The
total effect must be to leu:
re use the area
watered by local showers. (General storms
are not at all affected by such slight local
influences.) Dews will be more frequent
and copious. The blighting hotwlnds that
often prove so damaging to crops will have
their power much lessened by passing over
so much moist ground, tiny lakes and many
streams. Trees of all sorts will grow In our
rich soil wherever water is supplied and will
ln torn further protect the land from the
scorching winds.
These are some of the minor Incidental
benefits that are reasonably sure to follow
general irrigation.
I turn now to the main question, tbo ef
fect on the regular crops. There aro here
two tblngs to consider: First, the immedi
ate effect and second, tl»e .ultimate eirect
as it affects the soil—and thus the future
crops—of applying artesian water abund
antly for a series of years.
In South Dakota but little trial has yet
been made of irrigation—but in every case,
so far as 1 have been able to learn, results
fairly comparable witli those obtained ln
other states where successful Irrigation is
practiced, have been obtained here. Con
tiguous fields of wheat, the one irrigated,
the other not, have given yields of twenty
five and five bushels respectively, in one
instance. In another thirty-six and six
were reported on the irrigated and uuirri
gated land, all other conditions being equal.
These figures are large, but should not sur
prise us, for water in abundance and under
control supplies tho last of the tiio of con
ditions necessary for large crops. Rich
soil, abundunt sunshine and suffi
cient moisture arc all the nat
ural conditions needed for successful agri
culture. That South Dakota [possesses the
first two of these everybody knows, and
that she has an abundant water supply a
few hundred feet below the surface of her
rich prairies is coming to be pretty well
understood. The bringing of this water to
the surface and applying it carefully and
scientifically to tho soil is the ono thing
lacking to carry our agricultural interests
from their present struggling condition to a
high state of prosperity. In the light of
the experience of other states it is abso
lutely safo to say that the aVerage yield
of all present crops grown in South Dakota
can be doubled the first year by irrigation.
In California where the value of irrigation
is well understood, lano jumps in value 300
to 500 per cent, the moment water is brought
to it. This is greater than can be looked
for here, as the irrigated districts In Cali
fornia are largely fruit growing regions. It
is worthy of note, however, that California
land which a few years ago was considered
as desert land, absolutely worthless, is now
yielding profits of from $150 to $400 per
acre, all due to irrigation. When the water
is used on corn, alfalfa and vegetables,
the results are not so large, but tho
water makes even here all the
difference between no crop and a rnarvel
ously great yield. In Colorado, which has
an excellent irrigation system, this state
ment is made by Col. Nettleton, state en
gineer: "One acre of land properly seeded
to alfalfa or clover, by reason of the supe
riority of artificial watering of the land, is
equal In food production to two acres of the
best blue grass land in tho Ohio valley."
Col. Nettleton has frequently remarked to
me that the people of Colorado wouldn't
have it rain there if they could, so well
pleased are they with having the control of
the moisture in their own hands.
South Dakota should raise more livo
stock, and in the near future probably will
do so. The advantage of an abundant sup
fly of good water in this connection is
evident, but I mention in passing
that I have been told by Sioux
City dealers that the quality of the cattle
shipped from Clay and Yankton counties
has improved 25 per cent, since the use of
water from artesian wells has become gen
eral in those counties. The comfort and
health of stock must be looked after if
profits are expected, and the difference be
tween the Icy, brackish water of a prairie
slough, to bo had only by chopping through
the thick ice, and the warm, copious flow of
the artesian well is one that stock and
stock men both can appreciate.
A very large number of timber claims
have been taken ln this state, and much
time and labor expended in improving them.
Ask any man who has struggled to make
his grove thrive what his great difficulty
has been and he will tell you lack of water.
Compare the hardy growth of the average
grove with that of the rarer varieties of
trees in situations where water is plentifully
supplied, and then think how the farms
would look in five or ten years it artesian
streams twenty or thirty feet apart were
slowly coursing through them. There is
hardly a safer or better investment than
the plautlng of a grove of trees of selected
varieties, in a region where they can be
supplied with what water they need. With
irrigation every farm might have Its "wood If AT
lot." and the question of fuel would soon I'.liVUl-V
bo most satisfactorily settled.
As with trees so with small fruit. The
acrcago could and would be largely In
creased, and the uncertainty almost wholly
removed. Experience amply demonstrates
this. Whether equally good results would
follow witli apples, etc., I cannot say, but
the experience of other states, together
with the fact that in tho older parts of
South Dakota fine apples and even fine
peachos are grown In small quantities
nearly every year, leads me to be hopeful
of good results in this direction also.
To summarize, then, the benefits of. irri
gation, we have:
1. More equalized rainfall.
". More abundant, dews.
3. The power of hot winds lessened.
4. One hundred per cent, increase tn
yield of crops.
5. Certaint/ of a crop every year.
6. Moro diversltied farming.
7. Improvement in quality and quantity
of stock.
8. Greater success in fruit culture.
0. Abundance of timber.
And as a result of all tlieser
10. A smaller crop of mortgages.
G. E. CtTLVBIfc
SOUTH DAKOTA.
81l» Will Kot Ber Behind Her Sister States
at ll« World's Fair.
Sioux FALLS, .Tan. 26.—Special: At a
special meeting of tho Commercial club
held Saturday evening C. S Carr, E. W.
Caldwell and James B. Gray were ap
pointed a committee to represent the
duo and city at a meeting to be held at
Pierre, Feb 4, upon invitation of the
state board- of agriculture, comprising
representatives from all the commercial,
agricultural and- general industrial or
ganizations of the state, which meeting'
is for the purpose of devising some
method for enabling the state to-make a'
creditable showing at tho world's- fair..
The sum proposed to be appropriated by
the legislature—$10,000—is considered
by everybody as entirely too small. An
appropriation, of at least $30,000 will' be
asked for. One of the .schemes- is the
erection of a building at the fair for
South Dakota's exhibits which, shall' be
constructed of Sioux Falls granite.
There is every reason to- believe this
state will not be behind her western sis
ters in showing up her material re
sources. A fine exhibition- at the world's
fair would be an advertising medium
which will provo of much advantage to.
the young state. We must have It.
HURON, S.. D., Jan. 26.—South. Dakota
is taking steps for representation at the
Columbian exposition in 1893. Hon. R.
B. Cuddington, president of th6 state
board of agriculture, has issued a call
for a mass: convention-, to be held-in
Pierre on Feb. 4, to formulate plans- for
securing a proper, exhibit of South. Da
kota's development, advantages and' re
sources. The meeting will be composed
of those interested in the matter and: wilt
include representatives of all'the agrU
cultural, mining, educational and- other
organizations-of the state.
Sheep Raising In 8ontb Dakota, to Be Con
ducted on th»
Club. Plan.
ABEBDKKX,
S. D., Jan.
deen
clubv
2G.—The
Aber­
an organization of leading
business men, is now engaged- in. forming
a company, which will: be incorporated,
having for its object the purchase-of a
largo number of sheep,, which will bo
placed in, small lots among the individual
farmers of the northern part oI the state.
A committee consisting of £. Bach and
S. H. Jumper will immediately leave-for
tho east to sell stock., canvass for sub
scriptions, etc. Tho farmers will' pay
for their sheep as the anin*aJ» increase
and thrive.
Dakota. Uriels.
TWKNTY-FIVE persons have received
votes for senator in the South Dakota
legislature, and that number by no
means exhausts the senatorial timber of
the state.
"LET'S take another ballot,."' is the
way spiritous refreshment is suggested
at Pierre.
THK
saloons of Hazzell St Fox and
Douglas & VVeldon, at Yankton, have
been closed by injunction.
TIIKRE is so much, sickness in Dead
wood that some families have moved
temporarily to Hot Springs.
A11HICKETTE make of Yankton ce
ment. on test at Chicago, broke under a
tensile strain of 1,605 pounds.
TUK Rapid City JoumtiX is authority
for the statement that there are ten
more colonels than privates in the South
Dakota militia.
FRANK OSCAR SAI.MOSSON, who re
cently died at Lead, introduced into
America the first Finnish temperance
society in this- country.
IN Douglas-county it is proposed to
petition the countv commissioners to call
an election for the purpose of voting on
the question of issuing bonds to make an
artesian well in each township.
CHINO WEE, a Chinese gambler of
Deadwood, dropped dead of heart dis
ease just as he had cashed in his checks
at a faro game. He was noted for his
typically Hibernian cast of countenance
and an unquenchable aversion to labor.
A
DEAD
body of a man was seen float­
ing past Brookingbend twelve miles
down river from Yaiikton, some days
since. It is surmised that it may have:
been the bodv of John Qobson, who.
lately mysteriously disappeared frou*
Yankton. The body was "riding:
straight"—that is, the limbs were not
drawn up—which is said to be a proof
that the body was dead before it was
put in the water.
EVERY one of the incaandescent lights
in Christ church, at Yankton, was ex
tinguished very suddenly Sunday night
while Rev. Wyatt-Hannah was deliver
ing his sermon. The reverend gentle
man was not to have his oratory termin
ated so abruptly, and he continued his
discourse by moonlight. When he had
finished the collection was taken up, the
benediction pronounced and the congre
gation filed out.
He Was Experience*.
Dullard—I toll you, old man, I'm mak
ing good headway with Miss Sweet!
When I call there in the evening she
sits down at tho piano and plays and
plays, without stopping, far me.
Cutely—Does nothing but play the
piano, eh?
"Yes."
"Old man, you are wasting your time!
If you were making any headway the
piano would be shut up."—Boston Trav
eler.
A Woman's Reason.
"They say Belva Lock wood has given
up all hope of being president."
"Why is she discouraged?"
"She doesn't think she would be able
to arrlye at the constitutional age."—
Puck.
LAWMAKERS.
SECOND GENERAL ASTJEWIOLY'
IN BIENNI'AL SESSION.
Dally Report or the Measnr'a 'intratltieiul'
and the Action Taken 'thereon In lloth
til* Senate and liouse of ltvpriMen
tatlves.
PieititK, Jan. 27—At the republican can
cus last night. Senator Moody released tho
republicans from supporting him any
longer, and at tnis time it look» like a tri
angular senatorial deadlock of indefinite
duration. Directly after roll call this
morning Kelly, of Moody, arose to a ques
tion of personal privilege. He declared the
other day, when he informed the house bo
had been offered $1,000 for his vote, that he
did what he believed to be his duty. He
had been taught that lt was a crime
to conceal crime. Yet his action
had been criticlscd on tho floor of the
house and in the pulpits of tho city. Ua
was identified with the temperance cause,
yet he regretted that the man who stood at
the head of this noble stato organization
was a "thinly-disguised hypocrite." Keil.v'.-i
testimony was before the bribery commit
tee, oud he hoped the report would be mii'le
as soon as possible. Owing to the long ses
sions of the house the bribery comnvitteo
has not been able to prosecute its work und
report.
In the senate the delinquent tax bill' was
made the special order for 3 o'clock this
afternoon. Johnson, of Davison, moved to
suspend the rules and proceed with the un
seating of the Lawrence county republicans.
When it was moved to table the motion thn
fwloriists feared another long filibustering
session, and Johnson withdrew the motiun.
The rest of the morning hour passed quietly
im routine work.
Tenth Joint Ballot.
Bloody ............40'
Tripp ..25
Harden ..21
Grose irt
Melville .14
Kyle .12
Lake .in
Winslow
Seward
King ....5
Mellette 3
Dow 3
Preston 2
Plckler. 2
Mathews 1
Martin 1
MicFarlane
Bheafe and Dunham paired. On the sec
ond ballot Moody lost one. Harden gained
two, Winslow three. Otherwise there wast
but little change. The assembly then dis
solved.
PIBRRE, Jan.
28.—The house put in two
Hours in regular routine work, making good
progress. This morning lt accepted tho
liouse amendment to the tax delinquency
bill. The bill, now becomes a general law.
It- provides that taxes become delinquent
Feb. 1, with 1 per cent, penalty per month.
County treasurers will accordingly col
lect 1 per cent, penalty instead of 5.
McCormick, chairman of the special
committee to investigate the charges-of ir
regularities in bond sales, reported. The
committee has fully investigated the
charges against the governor of. using.-the.
state funds unlawfully, and found no evi
denee to lustify the charge. The report
was spread upon the records.
PIBKHK, Jan. 29.—The house this, moralnfr
proceeded in the role of executioner, and.
of the Lawrence county members one more
head fell in the basket, that of iBousfe.
whose seat from now on will be occupied by.
Olson, Independent. This was the first case
to come up to-dav and was decided by a
vote of 59 to 50, fifteen members not .voting,:.
The case of Apt vs. Knight was next acted
npon. This resulted in Knight holding his
•eat by a vote of 5a to 44. The speaker.
Messrs. Bowell, Converse, .Gloason, Jillson.
Keegau and Sateren, independents, voted,
with the republicans. The last case, that
of Wilson vs. Gregg, followed close npou
the disposal of others, and was de
cided similarly to Knight's, the sitting:
members, Gregg holding hissoat. The. vote
stood 53 to 52, the speaker, independent,.
and Mr. Pratt, democrat, voting with.: tho
republicans for Gregg.
The first two cases-were considered and'
laio on the table. Gregg is case is sllti lO^Min.
to consideration. The membership of itho.
house is probably fixed, now, although tho.
case of Vooderlinden vs.,Clark, from T.)oug
las county, has not bBon.. reported frost .t.h»'
committee.
Among the more important billsJn-tro-
duced in the house to-day was one- by Mr..
Kaerchcr. appropriating $15,000 foe tinv
selection and land office fees of thu-state's.
620,000 acres of government lands, and cira
by Vandanacker, making an amendment
to the constitution .providing that the leg
islature shall hold sessions for forty days,
only.
The house devoted xtlie whole afternoon to.
a discussion of tho. blll ^providing that-farm
laborers shall have.- a lien upon.all farm,
products and stocky to take preference over
all chattel mortgages and other, claims*
except for seed grain. The bill was-passed.
and the house adjourned.
The joint ballot for United States-senator
to-day was uninteresting, except for the.
fun it furnished tbemembers in distinguish
ing their friends with complimentary votes.
The first ballot resulted:
Moody 25 Giftord l:
Melville 19 Piclcler. .ti
Goddard 11 Cone 1.
Winslow. 5 WardalL..,. 55
Mellette 4 Crose. a
Lake 2 Kyle
Preston 1 CampbelU.
Converse 1 Tripp ..as.
Martin 1
One hundred and fifty-three votes were
cast. The second ballot showed: no mate
rial changes.
PiER8is, S. Di» Jan. 30.—Mr. Walker, chair
man of the special bribery committee,, re
ported. but the reading thereof went .over
until this afternoon. The report contain*
bho statements of Representatives Chnisten
son, Deblant Walker, Stevens and. Kelly,
that they were offered either money or po
sition by the parties named if they would
vo'e with the republicans at various |tages
of the session. Representative Hall' testl
iies that he was offered $l,000 by James £Er
win, democrat, if he would-stay out of the
republican caucus.
The fifteenth joint ballot shows- 145- vot
ing:
Moody.. 80
Tnnp 23
Meivilta
Seward 14
Crose. 12
Campbell 9
Harden... 7
Giffoid 3
Mellette.,.,
Kyle S
Winslow. 8
Fowler 4
King E
Sterling.., S
Pickler
Others scattering. The-assembly then ad
jouxaed.
PiEURE. Jan. 31.—In the-joint ballot foi
senator to-day Senator Moody's vote was
26.. Melville received 24.. The situation is
practically unchanged., Tripp's vote was
2-t. The independents gsvve Harden a show
ing and he received 41 votos to 8 for Crose.
Eighteen pajrs reduced the total vote to 103.
Tho house received the elections commit
tee's report on the Vanderliaden vs. Clark
contest case from Douglas county. The re
port gave, tho findings, without a recommen
dation. It was made a special order foi
Monday afternoon. Fraud is alleged suffi
cient to throw out Harrison township.
Two railroad bills were- Introduced, ono by
Mr. Vandanacker making the passenger
faro.Scents, luid one by Mr. Wittincr, pro-,
viding that the right-of-way shall b».
fenced all passenger ears to be heated-by
steam, and passenger fare to be put ut S^.
cents. In the senate a
1)111
making leg*il
publications 70 cents for the first insertion
and SO cents for the gocond passed. 9111b
were introduced by Senator Carrier direct?
ing that railroads shall provide shtppin^
facilities to handle all frcignt wl.'ihlp ten
days after consignment.: by Senat«ii .Shoaf«
providing for the establishments a. blind
and orphan asylum at Watertjvn by Sen
a
tor Drew eban?l:ig the deatl^ penalty f«
1 wurder to hard labor for life..

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