Newspaper Page Text
TOPICS OF THE TIMES.
A CHOICE SELECTION OF IN TERESTING ITEMS. Comments and Criticisms It used Upnn the Happenings of" the. Day—Historical And News Notes. A NKWSI'APER in the gypsy tongue ia soon to be started. It scarcely needs a gypsy to tell the fortune of the Tenture. THERE is a chance for every man to go higher. If he cannot climb a golden stair let him go up the flume, or up the spout. THE expected has happened. M. Eiffel, of Paris, has asked the privilege of putting in a bid to build a tower for the World's Fair. GERMANY gets along so well, upon the whole, despite the Kaiser's mistakes, as to indicate that perhaps the only mis take in the premises is the Kaiser him self. A XKW JERSEY man found a silver dollar in a clam the other'day. It is a noticeable fact that the bivalve only re tained the treasure as long as it kept its mouth shut. A XKW YORK dentist died the other day from the effects of a wound by the teeth of the young woman being treated. Talk about meeting death at the can non's mouth Here's nerve for you. IT will not chauge public sentiment for New York editors to call attention to the fact that in the conscience fund at Washington, Boston is ahead of New York. The people of the country know trhy. IT is said 5,000 Italians iu one week sailed from Genoa. It does not look as though the New Orleans affair had dis couraged the Italians who are trying to escape the sceptral sweep of King Hum bert. NOT far from Portland, Me., a barn was set on fire by lightning. The same b"lt that fired the building shattered a pipe that connected with a water-main, and the flow of water distinguished the flames. Ta-ra-ruin. "ONE Ticket Admits to All," the motto adopted by the World's Fair Committee on Ways and Means, is one of the most praisworthy and important moves yet made in connection with the exposition. There should be no side ehows. THERE was a row in a Cleveland church in the course of which clubs and paving stones were employed to settle vexed questions of theology. By some oversight the meeting broke up without passing resolutions demanding the clos ing of the World's Fair on Sundays. IT is not often that successful gam blers show the good sense that an Englishman recently did at Monte Carlo. He won $100,000 in three days, imt. very discreetly immediately sent it to England so that he wouldn't bv any chance lose it. Wales will probably look him up when he gets home. IT was very wise and kind foresight for old Frank Fravne to steal vouug Prank Frayne when he was a baby and let liirn have the advantage of an adver tisement which begets green envy in the hearts of those other poor actors who have to be content with having their diamonds stolen. THE bicycle has bi en introduced in every regiment of the Russian army, and hereafter when the army is in the lieid messages will be carried by bicycle riders from headquarters to the officers of the various divisions, regiments, and companies. This new method of com munication might well be termed the "safety" route. Tin-: thirteenth wife of a Mormon el dor has ji^t been identified as the lieite.su an enormous English estate. Ti.-i-i intelligence will be equally inter e-:i»ig to the people who think that thirteen is an unlucky number and tli who think that polygamy has keen stamped out in Utah. THE number of editors who have, in tfiew of the Itata case, turned out to be eoi-.stilutional lawyers is astounding. Iw'o-i of them rest their case upon "the cost of the pursuit" and the small fine imposed. Uncle Sam scarcely expected to make money by chasing down the Ii uta and bringing her into an American port. THERE is nothing in the story that the Stanleys have separated. But in the silly season people must talk, and if married couple after a year from the weddiog do not continue to bill and coo, then, in the estimation of fools, there is much to pay and no pitch hot. Stanley ar.d his Dorothy will be happy enough if they are only let alone. THE bedstead upon which the great Napoleon died at St. Helena is about as numerous as the body-servant of our itn mortal Washington. The cable iurnixhes the information that it has just been found among a lot of rubbish in the Louvre at Paris, where it has beeu for twenty years, whence it was sent over to Les Invalides. People who have wept over the relio at Mme. Tnssard's in London ought to ask to have their monev refunded. THE farmers of Minnesota managed to get the convicts in the State Peni tentiary set to making binding twine, with the result that the agents of the binding twine trust in the State have had to reduce their prices very ma terially to meet this competition. Con vict labor is not as a rule a very com' mendable factor in the industrial world, but when employed to circumvent a trust it is admirable. PHYSICIANS in this country are paid annually $1,500,000 for medical exam' inations for life insurance companies, three companies paying over $250,000 each. It is worth it to insure so many, but the examined really pays the money and not the insurer. It is no argument against life insurance, which is excellent, but it seems as though the machinery could be made less cumber some and cheapened. It could be made to cost less and yet be safe. NEARLY every Indian at Pine River Agency has filed with the Sioux Indian Commission a claim for damages from the operations consequent upon recent Indian troubles. If these claims are allowed—and Congress appropriated $100,000 to meet them—we may ex pect more trouble at Pine Ridge in the near future. Making trouble and get ting paid for alleged damages resulting therefrom ought to be a paying busi ness for the lazy Indian. ONCE in a while it pays a man to have a big head. Owen Clark, a New Brigh ton man, was accused of sandbagging a lawyer against whom he had a grudge. He proved an alibi at the word of re liable witnesses, but the court took ex ceptions and it looked as if the defend ant would be proven guilty when it oc curred to his lawyer to try the hat, which the assailant had discarded in his flight, on his client. It wouldn't even cover the top of his cranium, and this mute witness cleared him at once. JAY GOULD and parly attended church in. Cheyenne. The minister cut his sermon short in order to put ttfe dea cons on a still hunt with their bats. There was a stampede among them to reach Mr. Gould's pew. The winner got $5 from the Wizard of Wall street. This was regarded as liberal. Gauged by the sermon, maybe it was. But it must be taken into consideration that there were six persons besides the Wiz ard in the party, and seven into five goes less than one time by a large ma jority. THE steamship Majestic has beaten the translantic record. She sailed from the Queenstown lighthouse to Sandy Hook in five days and eighteen hours and eight minutes— an hour and ten minutes faster than any other steamer ever came across. Cautious navigators deprecate ocean racing and pronounce it a dangerous pastime. They predict that it will some day cause a frightfn 1 catastrophe. But no one will' heed any warnings. We area mad world a rail road train that ran 150 miles an hour would be none too fast, and an ocean greyhound that could cross the Atlantic in twenty-four hours would always be crowded with passengers. CONSUMPTION has been added to the list of diseases whose prevention is urged on the public in the admirable and instructive pamphlets issued by the Michigan Board of Health. Diptheria, scarlet fever, measles, and small-pox are among the diseases already covered in the phamplets, which do an excellent work. Nearly everyone knows that these are contageous diseases. Few are aware how to avoid them. How many intelligent persons, for instance, know that measles cause more deaths than small-pox, aud that the age at which most deaths occur from measles is that between 1 and 2 years. This is the age of greatest danger, and all should take especial care to guard .chil dren at that age. THAT was a funny thing that hap pened out iu Detroit recently, when the telephone girls threatened to strike be cause a word was passed forbidding thein to flirt over the wires. The tele phone management forgot that it always takes two to get up a flirtation, and when the girls rang up the other ends of the lines the company found that their subscribers were unanimously in sympathy with the girls. Moreover, there was not a man to be found in the town who was willing to believe that the girls would flirt, and the manage ment finally decided that if they did flirt there was no use trying to stop them. It couldn't be done. How is it in yonr town, neighbor? Trout In An Artesian Well* At San Buenaventura, Cal., an artesian well was sunk some years ago on the beach a few feet from high water mark. A strong flow of water spouted thirty feet above the mouth of the well when a depth of 143 feet had beeu reached. The overflow was found to contain thousands of young trout, and examination of the well showed the presence of numberless trout measuring about two inches in lenglh. and nor mally developed. The temperature of the water was sixty-four degrees Fahr. The fish were supposed to come a dis tance of eeveral miles from the head waters of the Santa Clara River through a subterranean outlet. It is not un common, to find fish in artesian wells in California. Mrs. Rosa Smith Eigen mann several years ago published an acoount, in the Proceedings of the Na tional Museum, if we remember aright, ot the finding of sticklebacks (Gaster osteus williamaojii) in such a locality. In Missouri recently a small blind fish was found in a well and forwarded to the Fish Commissioner at Washington, the species is a common inhabitant of cave streams.—Forest and Stream. A TYPE OF DIVINE I0YE KINDNESS OF THE BARBARIANS TO PAUL. Or. Talmagn Draws a Variety of Lentous from tlie Record In Acts—They Horn Barbarian* Only in Tliat They Mot Speak Grcett. -0ii!l ••Kindness.** Dr. Talmale's .sermon was on "Kind ness," from the. text, Acts xxviii, 2, "The barbarous people showed us no kindness." My text puts us on the Island of Malta another name for Melfta. This island, which has always been an important commercial center, belonging at different, times to Phoenicia, to Greece, to Ronn-, to Arabia, to Spain, to France, now longs to England. The area of the island is about 100 square miles. It is in the Mediterranean Sea, and of such clarity of atmosphere that. Mount F.tna, 130 miles away, can be distinctly seen. The island is gloriously memorable he- The bestormed vessel on which Paul sailed bad "laid to" on the starboard tack, and the wind was blowing cast, northeast. ttr.^ Everything had gone to the bottom of the deep, and the bare-footed, bare headed apostle aud ship's crew were in a condition to appreciate hospitality. About twenty-live such men a fen sea sons ago I found in the life station near Easthampton, Long Island. They had got ashore in the night from the sea, and not a hat nor shoe had they left. They found out, as Paul and his feltow voyagers, found out, that the sea is the roughest of all robbers. My text finds the ship's crew ashore on Malta, and around a hot fire drying themselves, and with the oest provision the islanders can offer them. And they go into government quarters for three days to recuperate, Publius, the ruler, inviting them, although he had severe sickness in the house at that time—his father down with dysentery and typhoid fever. Yea, for three months they staid on the island, watch ing for a ship and putting the hospitality of the islanders to a severe test. But they endured the test, satisfactorily, and it is recorded for all the ages of time and eternity to read and hear in regard to the inhabitants of Malta, "The bar barous people showed us no little kind ness." Kindness! What a great word that is. It would take a reed as long as that which the apocalyptic angel used to measure Heaven to tell the length, the breadth, the height of that munificent word. It is a favorite Bible word, and it is early launched in the book of Genesis, caught up in the book of Joshua, embraced in the book of Rutli, sworn by in t.he book of Samuel, crowned in the book of Psalms, and en throned in many places in the New Testament. Kindness! A word no more gentle than mighty. I expect it will wrestle me down 'before I get through with it. It is strong enough to throw an archangel. But it will be well for us to stand around it and warm ourselves by its glow as Paul and his fellow voyagers stood around the fire on the Island of Malta, where the Maltese made them selves immortal in my text by the way they treated these victims of the sea. 'The barbarous people showed us no little kindness." Kindness! Ail definitions of that mul tipotent word break down half way. You say it is clemency, benignity, gen erosity it is made up of good wishes, it is an expression of beneficence, it is a contribution to the happiness of others. Some one else says: "Why, I can give you a difinition of kindness. It is sun shine of the soul it is affection peren nial, it is a crowning grace, it is the combination of all graces it is com passion it is the perfection of gentle manliness and wootanliness." Are you all through? You have made a dead failure in your definition. It cannot be defined. But we ail know what it is, for we all felt its power. Some of you may have felt it as Paul felt it, on some coast of rock as the ship went to pieces, but more of us have again and again in some awful stress of life had either from earth or Heaven hands stretched out, which "showed us no little kindness." There is a kindness of disposition, kindness of word, kindness of act. and there is Jesus Christ the impersonation of all of them. Kindness! You cannot affect it, you cannot play it as a part, you cannot enact it, you cannot drama- pessimist will believe in tize it.. By the grace of God, you must have it inside you, an everlasting sum mer, or rather a combination of June and October, the geniality of one and the tonic of the other. It cannot dwell with arrogern or spite or revenge or malevo lence. At its first appearance in the soui all these Amalekites and Gergi shitcs and Hittiles and Jebusites must quit, and quit forever. Kindness wishes everybody well—every man well, every woman well, every child well, every bird well, every horse well, every dog well, every cat well. Give this spirit full swing and you would have no more need of societies for prevention of cruelty to animals, no more need of protective sewing woman's associations, and It would dull every sword until it would not cut skin deep, and unwheel every battery till it could not roll, and make gunpowder of no more use in the world except for rock blasting or pyro technic celebration. Kindness is a spirit divinely implanted, and iu answer to prayer, and then to be sedulously cultivated until it fills all the nature with a perfume richer and more puugent than mignonette, and, as if you put a tuft .of. that, aromatic beauty be hind the clock on the mantel, or in some corner where nobody can see 1t, you find people walking about your room-looking this way and that, and you ask them, "What are you looking for?" and they answer, "Where is that flower?" So if one has in his soul thisinfinite sweetness of disposition, its perfume will whelm everything. But ir you a,re waiting and hopins for Mine one to be bankrupted or exposed or discomfited or in some wav overthrown, then Kindness has not. taken possession of vour nature. You are wrecked on a Malta where there are no oranges. You are entertaining a guest so unlike kind ness that kindness will not come and dwell under the same roof. The most exhausting and unhealthy and ruinous feeling on earth is a revengeful spirit or retaliating spirit, as know by experi ence, for I have tried it for five or ten minutes at a time. When some mean thing has been done mo or said about me. 1 have felt: "I will pay him in his little own corn.* I will show him up. The literate! The traitor! The liar! The villain'" cause the Knights of Malta for a long ness is the most healthful and delightful. while ruled there, but. most, famous be cause of the apostolic shipwreck. the vessel drifting prob ably a mile and a half an hour ere she struck at what is now called St. Paul's Hay. Practical sailors have taken up the Bible account and decided beyond controversy the place of the shipwreck. But the island which has so rough a coast is for the most part a garden. Richest fruits and a profusion of honey characterized it in Paul's time as well as now. The finest oranges, ligs and olives grow there. WJien Paul and his com rades crawled up on the beach, saturated with the salt water and hungry trom long abstinence from food and chilled to Hut five or ten minutes of the feeling litis been so unnerving and exhausting 1 iisvc abandoned it, and 1 cannot under stand how people can go about torturing themselves live or ten or twenty years, trj ing to get even with somebody. The on'y way you will ever triumph over yo:tr enemies is by lorgivine them and wishing them all good and no evil. As malevolence is the most uneasy and nrcfltless and dangerous feeling, kind- And this is not abstraction. As 1 have tried a little of the retaliation, so I have tried a little of the forgiving. 1 do not want to leave this world-unt.il I 1 have taken vengeance upon every man that ever did me a wrong by doing him a kindness. In most of such cases I have already succeeded but there arc a few malignants whom 1 am yet persuing and I shall not be content until I have in some wise helped them or benefitted them or blessed them. Let us pray for I this spirit of kindness. 11 'will settle a thousand questions. It will change the phase of everything It will mellow I through'and through our entire nature, the bone, the islanders, though called of word. When you meet any one do barbarians because they could not spcal. Greek, opened their doors to the ship wrecked unfortunates. It will transform a lifetime. It is not a feeling gotten up for occasions, but per cnnial. Still further, I must speak of kindness you say a pleasant thing or an unpleas ant? Do you tell him of agreeable things yon have heard about him or the disagreeable? When he leaves you does he feel better or does he feel worse? Oh, the power of the tongue for the produc tion of happiness or misery! There are those if they know a good thing about you aud a bad thing, will mention the bad thing and act as though they had never heard tho good thing. Now, there are two sides to almost, every one's character, and we have the choice of overhauling the virtue or the vice. We can greet Paul and the ship's crew as they come up the beach of Malta with the words: "What a sorry look ing set you arc! How little of naviga tion you must know to run on these rocks! Didn't you know better than t.o put out on' the Mediterranean this wintry month? It was not much of a ship anyhow, or it would not have gone to pieces so soon as that. Well, what do you want? Wo have hard enough work to make a living for ourselves without having thri st on us 270ragamuffins." Not so safd tho Maltese. I think they said: "Ccifte in! Sit down by the fire and warm yourselves! Glad that you all got off with your lives. Make yourselves at home. You are welcome to all we have until some ship comes in sight, and you resume four voyago, Here, lot me put a bandage on your forehead, for that is an ugly ga^h you got from the floating timbers, and here is a man with a broken arm. We will have a doctor come to at tend to this fracture." And though for three months the kindness went on, we have but little more than this brief record, "The barbarous people showed us no little kindness." Oh sav the cordial thing! Say the useful thing! Say the hospitable thing! Say the helpful thing! Say the Christian thing! Say the kind thing! I admitc that this is easier for some temperaments than for others. Some are born pessim ists,and some are born optimists.and that demonstrates itself all through every thing. It is a cloudy morning. You meet a pessimists and you say, "What weather to-day?" Ho answers, "It is going to storm," and umbrella under arm aud a waterproof overcoat show that he is honest ix that utterance. On the same bhick, a minute after, you meet an optimist..and you say: "What weather to-day?" "Good weather this is only a fog and will soon scatter." The absence of umbrella and absence of waterproof show St is an honest utter ance. On your Way at noon to luncheon you meet an optimistic merchant, and you say, "What do you think of the commcrcial prospects?" and he says: "Glorious. Great crops must bring great business. Wo are going to have such an autumn and winter of prosperity as we have never seen." On your way back to your store you meet a pessimistic merchant. "What do you think of the commercial prospects?" you ask. And he answers: "Well, I don't know. So much grain will surfeit the country. Farmers have more bushels but less prices, and the grain gamblers will got their fiat in. There is the Mc Kinley bill and the hay crop is short in some places, and in the Southern part of Wisconsin they had a hailstorm and our business is as dull as it ever was." You will find the same difference in judgment of character. A man of good reputation is assailed and charged with some evil deed. At the first story the guilt. "The papers said so, and that's enough. Down with him!" The optimist will say: "I don't believe a word of it. I don't think that a man that has been as useful and seemingly honest for twenty years could have got off the track like that. There are two sides to this story, and 1 will wait to hear the other side before I con demn him." My hearer, if you are by nature a pessimist, make a special effort by the grace of God to extirpate the dolorous and the hypercritical from yonr dispo sition. Believe nothing against anybody until the wrong is established by at least two witnesses of integrity. And if guilt be proved, find out the extenuating cir cumstances if there are any. And then commit to memory so that .you can quote for yourself and quote for others that exquisite thirteenth chapter of First Corinthians about charity that suffers long and is kind and hopeth all things andendureth all things. By pen, by voice, in public and in private, say all the good about people you can think of, and if there be nothing good, then tighten the chain of muscle on the back end of your tongue and keep the ivory bars of teeth on the lower jaw and the ivory bars of teeth on the upper jaw locked, and the gate of your lips tightly closed and your tongue shut up. Furthermore, there is kindness of ac tion. That is what Joseph showed to his outrageous brothers. That is what David showed to Mephibosheth for his father Jonathan's sake. That Is what Oneisphorus showed to Paul in the Ro man penitentlarv. That is what \VU1- •'am Cowper recognized tV'hen no t.9 would not trust a man who would with his foot, needlessly crush a worm. This is what our assassinated Presi dent Lincoln demonstrated when his private secretary found him in the Capi tol grounds trying to get a bird back to the nest, from which it had fallen, and which finality the illustrious man ex hibited years before which having some lawvers'in the carriage on the way to court passed on the road a swine fast in the mire, after awhile cried io his horses, "Ho!" and said to the gentlemen, "I must go back and Jelp that hog out of the mire." And he did go back and put on solid ground that most uninteresting quadruped. That was the spirit that was mani fested by my departed friend. Hon. Alexander H. Stephens, of Georgia, (and lovelier man never exchanged earth for Heaven,) when at Washington. A sena tor's wife, who told my wife of the cir cumstances, said to him, "Mr. Stephens, come and see my dead canary bird." And he answered, "No, I could not look at the poor tiling without crying." That is the spirit that Grant showed when at the surrender at Appomatox he said to Gen. Lee, "As many of your sol diers are farmers and will need tho horses and mules to raise the crops to keep their families from suffering next winter, let. each Confederate who cat' claim a horse or a mule take it along with him." That is the spirit which last night ten thousand mothers showed to their sick children coining to give the drink at the twentieth call as cheerfully and as ten derly as at the first call. Suppose all this assemblage, anu all to whom these words shall come by printer's type, should resolve to make kindness an overarching, undergirding and all-per vading principle of their life, and then carry out the resolution, why, in six months the whole earth would feel it. People would sav: "What is the matter? It seems to me that the world is getting to be a bet ter place to live in. Why, life after all is worth living. Why, there is Shylock, my neighbor, has withdrawn his law suit of foreclosure against that man, and because he had so much sickness iu his family, he Is going to have the house for one vear rent free. There is an old law yer in that young lawyer's office, and do you know what he has gone in there for? Why he is helping fix up a case which is too big for the young man to handle, and the white haired attorney is hunting up previous decisions and making out a brief for the boy. "Down at the bank I heard yesterday a note was due, and the young merchant could not meet it, and an old merchant went in and got for him three months' extension, which for the young merchant is the difference between bankruptcy and success in business. And in our street is an artist who had a fine picture of the 'Rapids of Niagara,' and ho could not sell it, and his family were suffering, and thev were themselves in the rapids and a laly heard of it and said, 'I do not need the picture but for the encouragement of art and helping you out of your dis tress I will take it,' and on the drawing room wall are the 'Rapids of Niagara.' '•Do you know that a strange thing has taken place in the pulpit and all the old ministers are helping the young ministers, and all the old doctors are helping the young doctors, and the farmers arc assisting each other in gathering the harvest, and for that farmer who fs sick the neighbors have made a 'bee,' as they call it, and they have all turrred in to help him get his crops into the garner? "And they tell me that the older and more skillfnl reporters who have perma nent positions on papers are helping the young fellows who are just beginning to try and don't know exactly how to do it. And after a few erasures and interpola tions on the reporter's pad they say: 'Now, hero is a readable account of that tragedy. Hand it iu and I am sure the managing editor will take it.' And I heard this morning of a poor old man whose three children were in hot debate as to who should take care of him in his declining days. "What is the matter? It seems to me our old word is picking up. Why, the millennium must be coming in. Kind ness has gotten the victory." Kindness to all! Surely it ought not to be a difficult grace to culture when wo see towering above the centuries such an example that one glimpse of it ought to melt and transform all nations. Kind ness brought our Lord from Heaven. Kindness to miscreants, kindness to the crippled, and tho blind, and the cata leptic, and the leprous, and the drop sical, and the demoniacal characterized him all the way, and on the cross, kind ness to the bandits suffering on the side of Him, and kindness to the executioners while yet they pushed the spear, and hammered the spikes, and howled the blasphemies. All the stories of the John Howards, and the Florence Nightingales, and the Grace Darlings, and the Ida Lewises pale before the transcendent example of Him Wrhose birth and life and death are the greatest story that the world ever heard, and the theme of the mighti est hosanna that Heaven ever lifted. Yea, the very kindness that allowed both hands to be nailed to the horizontal timber of the cross with that cruel thump! thump! now stretches down from the skies those same hands filled with balm for all out wounds, forgive ness for all our crimos, rescue for all our serfdoms. And while we take this matchless kindness from God, may it be found that we have uttered our last bitter word, written our last cutting .paragraph, done our last retaliatory action, felt our last revengeful heart throb. And it would not be a bad epitaph for any of us* if by the grace of God from this time forth we lived such beneficent lives that the tombstone's chisel could appropriately cut upon tlie plain slab that marks our grave a suggestion from the text, "Ho showed us no little kindness." But not until the last child of God has got ashore from the earthly storms that drove him on the rocks like Mediterra nean EurOclydons, not until ail the thrones of Heaven are mounted, and all the conquerors crowned, and a 1 the harps and trumpets and organs of Heaven are thrummed or bkiwn or sounded, and the ransomed of all climes and ages are in full chorus under the jubilant swing of angelic baton, and we shall for thousands of years have seen the river from under the throne rolling into the "sea of glass mingled with fire." and this world we now inhabit shall be so far in the past that only a stretch of celestial memory can recall that it ever existed at all. Not until then will we under stand what Nehemiah calls "the great kindness," and David calls "the marvel ous kindness,' and Isaiah calls ever lasting kindness" of God! HOME LIFE IN_PRANc Endure Inconvenience |, An Englishman who begins tT,"" ranee is struck at first bv kn° utimber of servants in t).„ 8n» middl incomes «ra limited, and the French bourgUSUa11 .lasses. The the long since come to the conoW8®0*8 small house, few servante and?thlt dren are the practical aolutln°\chil question how to save money -F wvkiau dren are the practical small income. with the patience convenient residsnces—an th ia inheritance from preceding private dwellings of shonkX. dark,~ Tb often ill arranged, badly lighted &r insufficiently ventilated. Somf an confined, and one hardly knows how children brought up in them. No doubt i»l eases the mortality is diminish^ personal cleanliness still it 9f, ,b fully high in some of the pictUr'8 old towns, exceeding fifty thl «qu sand in such nl«A«* on 17-. in such places as Korl»OT^ Pouarnenez. This fact i„ almost? tirely due to the bed ea construction« •-w**"*v«,uCy of spi air, and to defective drainage French physicians and jonrnali,t, now fully alive to these evils at using their influence to diminish them Even Marseilles is going to hay* efficient system of drainage: but th. although decided upon & still in,a' future. Awkwardness in the intern arrangements of houses was so commn in old France that any good moder bouse is more habitable than tha V. tailles of Louis XIV. And the num ber of good modern separate house*• increasing with great rapidity,especiall in the outskirts of the towns. Ther has also been much improvement du ing the last thirty years in the condi tion of the country houses belonging the smaller gentry. They are kept wit a stricter neatness and are more habit able. The reader who only know France by hotels and restaurants can hardly judge of the way of life private houses. It varies much with individual tastes, but, speaking gener. ally, it may be said that in private houses the living is at once simnler and better than in the hotels. They are fewer dishes and they are cooked mors carefully. The middle classes liv# better than the poorer gentry for th following reason: A wealthy nobis man can afford to keep a vhen~n experienced male cook with subord inates—but a poor squire has to trust to female cooks, any woman will call herself a cuisiniere. In the middle classes the wife always understands cookery, and in the poorer middle class she does all of it that is delicate and difficult with her own hands, bringing to the task an amount of culture, cars and cleanliness—besides economy—that no ordinary servant will ever give. Tha consequence is that the middle class man has generally a better and mora regular table than those immediately above him in the social scale. I liav said that, as a rule, living in the middle classes is simpler than in hotels, as wel as better but if the master is a yoime and has not much else to interest iu'm the living may bo elaborate enougii. PhiliB G. Hamerlon, in the Forum. Value of tiood Caricature. The influence of a good carioatw whether for good or evil, is only h'u appreciated by those who have been victims. They alone are familiar wit its corroding bitterness. To the pol tician, for example, who is deiicatel balancing between right and wrong, scorching editorial, boldly placing hi upon the evil side, is easier to live (low no rnptter how ably written, than th clever caricature which gives ocu! demonstrations of bis sin. The editoi ial appeals to the intellect the caric tare appeals to the intellect, to the ev and, worst of all, to the sense of humo of the beholder. And the beholde wiil carry with him, perhaps, foreve either a vague or vivid impression having seen the victim in a compromi sing position. The editorial, moreover is more or less local, and is read comparitively few. The caricature' national, and reaches every city in th country. Thousands who would no read the letter press if placed in thai hands revel in the details of the caric ture with delighted eyes and the' dominant impression of the victim is th one ihev thus receive. Americans were quick to perceiv that the artist's pencil was a poten weapon. This was, of course, less discovery than the tardy realization a very ancient fact. Why anindividua so quick-witted and so sensative as th yankee should have been such a Ion time in waking up to its capabilities a mystery easily explained. His Pari tan ancestors should alone be held r~ sponsible. These worthies were th possessors of a sincere contempt fo art, aud that is allied to it, and the ia fiuence of this precious inheritance pot ye: extinct among theis descen ilants. It has been said in defense the early settler that his life beiug perpetual struggle with starvation an the native savage, he had no time fo art but the eariy settler in reality, ha more leisure time than his descendant vi to-day. In fact, there were days aud evenings, and weeks entii' when' time hung heavy on his hand He simply fiad no taste for leisure an no capacity for amusement.—Heart and .Hall. New York Women Chta SnulC Whoever enters the average toba conist's or barber's shop up-town S on East Side will notice that snuff more important staple than it has bee in nearly fifty years. Snuff jars »n cheap pocket snuff-boxes are pisu into great prominence on the shelv ind counters. The reason is almos startling. The poor women of the to. tre becoming victims of the snuff ham and the vice is spreading *aP1(~ They do not rub their' gums with powder by means of flax sticks, asit poor whites of the South do. A JUS torn here is to use it nearly as lo tobacco, packing it in the p°u® roe cheek alongside the oacoonist who boasted of his sales muff to women said that American women w«ce the introduce it tha habit, but that all sorts of re in 0